US1384702A - Air-moistener - Google Patents

Air-moistener Download PDF

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Publication number
US1384702A
US1384702A US323059A US32305919A US1384702A US 1384702 A US1384702 A US 1384702A US 323059 A US323059 A US 323059A US 32305919 A US32305919 A US 32305919A US 1384702 A US1384702 A US 1384702A
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Prior art keywords
funnel
air
pipe
engine
vapor
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US323059A
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Maloney Joseph Francis
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M1/00Carburettors with means for facilitating engine's starting or its idling below operational temperatures
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M2700/00Supplying, feeding or preparing air, fuel, fuel air mixtures or auxiliary fluids for a combustion engine; Use of exhaust gas; Compressors for piston engines
    • F02M2700/43Arrangements for supplying air, fuel or auxiliary fluids to a combustion space of mixture compressing engines working with liquid fuel
    • F02M2700/4302Arrangements for supplying air, fuel or auxiliary fluids to a combustion space of mixture compressing engines working with liquid fuel whereby air and fuel are sucked into the mixture conduit
    • F02M2700/4321Arrangements for supplying air, fuel or auxiliary fluids to a combustion space of mixture compressing engines working with liquid fuel whereby air and fuel are sucked into the mixture conduit working with fuel and admission of auxiliary fluids such as water, anti-knock agents, hydrogen, ozone or the like

Definitions

  • This invention relates to devices for supplying aqueous vapor to mix with the combustible charges of internal combustion engines; and it consists in the novel construction and combination of the parts hereinafter fully described and claimed.
  • Figure 1 is a side view of an internal combustion engine and a radiator, partly in section, showing moistening devices constructed according to this in vention.
  • Fig. 2 is a sectional plan view ofl
  • Fig. 3 is a detail view in section of the cold air regulator.
  • the engine 2 is provided with an intake manifold 3 and an exhaust manifold 4 of any approved construction.
  • a radiator.5 such as ordinarily used on motor cars is arranged at the front end of the engine, and has a space 6 for aqueous vapor above its water space.
  • a fan 7 of approved construction is interposed between the engine and the radiator, and discharges air rearwardly as indicated by the arrows in Fig. 1.
  • a funnel 8 for air and aqueous vapor is arranged on top of the exhaust manifold 4., and is secured in position by any aproved fastening devices or clamps 10.
  • the larger end of the funnel projects forwardly of the exhaust-manifold,,and receives the air from the fanpwhich is revolved by the engine.
  • the smaller end of the funnel is connected to the carbureter 12, which is 0 any approved flexible tube 14.
  • the carbureter is con' nected to the intake manifold, and a regulator 13 is arranged to connect it with the flexible pipe 14.
  • the regulator is tubular.
  • the regulator and 17 is a cylindrical slide on the which is slid back and forth to vary size of the air passage through the sai holes or openings, or to close it altogether.
  • the funnel has holes or slots 18 in its underside for the admission of hot air from the top surface of the exhaust manifold.
  • a flexible pipe 20 is provided, and one end portion ofit is connected by a tubular'stem 21 with the vapor space 6 at the top of the radiator.
  • the other end portion of the flexible vap or pipe 20 is secured in a lug or loop 22 1I1S1d8 the funnel at its larger end, and 24 IS a drain hole for water under the outlet end of the pipe 20.
  • the drain hole is formed in the funnel so that no Water which drips from the pipe 20 may find its way into the carbureter.
  • the funnel is conical from end to end, and is preferably circular in cross-section, but it isnot necessarily circular.
  • the hot air inlet extends longi tudinally along its bottom side, and its bottom side is inclined downwardly toward the drain hole 24.
  • the flexible pipe 14 is connected axially to the smaller end of the funnel, and the larger end of the funnel is made relatively very large, so that the blast of air from the fan may force the mixed hot air and vapor through the funnel and down the pipe 14.
  • Flexible pipes are provided so that the various parts can be readily assembled together and applied to different makes of engines and motor cars.
  • the aqueous vapor thus introduced into the carbureter has a beneficial efiect in the engine cylinders, by decreasing the deposits of carbon, and in other ways.
  • the combination with an internal combustion engine provided with a fan, and a radiator arranged in front of the fan; of a tubular funnel adapted to receive a blast of air from the fan, said funnel having its lower side inclined downwar ly and forf wardly and provided with an inlet for hot air arising from the engine, a pipe for vapor communicating with the vapor space of the radiator, a fastening device securing the open rear end of the vapor pipe to the lower inclined side of the funnel at its front end so that condensed vapor may drip from the front end of the funnel, and a delivery pipe for moistened and heated, air secured to the rear end of the funnel in line the fuel intake of the engine.

Description

J F. MALONEY.
AIR MO'ISTENER.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT-11. .1919.
Patented July 12, 1921.
the hot air funnel.
UNITED, STATES JOSEPH FRANCIS MALONEY, OF CLEVELAND, OHIO.
AlR-MOISTENER.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented July 12, 1921.
Application filed September 11, "1919. Serial No. 323,055.
1 '0 an w/wm at may concern:
Be it known that I, JOSEPH F. MALONEY,
a citizen of the United States, residing at Cleveland, in the county of Cuyahoga and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Air-Moisteners, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to devices for supplying aqueous vapor to mix with the combustible charges of internal combustion engines; and it consists in the novel construction and combination of the parts hereinafter fully described and claimed.
In thedrawings, Figure 1 is a side view of an internal combustion engine and a radiator, partly in section, showing moistening devices constructed according to this in vention. Fig. 2 is a sectional plan view ofl Fig. 3 is a detail view in section of the cold air regulator.
The engine 2 is provided with an intake manifold 3 and an exhaust manifold 4 of any approved construction. A radiator.5 such as ordinarily used on motor cars is arranged at the front end of the engine, and has a space 6 for aqueous vapor above its water space. A fan 7 of approved construction is interposed between the engine and the radiator, and discharges air rearwardly as indicated by the arrows in Fig. 1.
A funnel 8 for air and aqueous vapor is arranged on top of the exhaust manifold 4., and is secured in position by any aproved fastening devices or clamps 10. The larger end of the funnel projects forwardly of the exhaust-manifold,,and receives the air from the fanpwhich is revolved by the engine. The smaller end of the funnel is connected to the carbureter 12, which is 0 any approved flexible tube 14. The carbureter is con' nected to the intake manifold, and a regulator 13 is arranged to connect it with the flexible pipe 14. The regulator is tubular.
and it has lateral holes or openings 16 for the carbureter,
the regulator and 17 is a cylindrical slide on the which is slid back and forth to vary size of the air passage through the sai holes or openings, or to close it altogether.
The funnel has holes or slots 18 in its underside for the admission of hot air from the top surface of the exhaust manifold.
construction, by means of a A flexible pipe 20 is provided, and one end portion ofit is connected by a tubular'stem 21 with the vapor space 6 at the top of the radiator.
The other end portion of the flexible vap or pipe 20 is secured in a lug or loop 22 1I1S1d8 the funnel at its larger end, and 24 IS a drain hole for water under the outlet end of the pipe 20. .The drain hole is formed in the funnel so that no Water which drips from the pipe 20 may find its way into the carbureter. The funnel is conical from end to end, and is preferably circular in cross-section, but it isnot necessarily circular. The hot air inlet extends longi tudinally along its bottom side, and its bottom side is inclined downwardly toward the drain hole 24. The flexible pipe 14 is connected axially to the smaller end of the funnel, and the larger end of the funnel is made relatively very large, so that the blast of air from the fan may force the mixed hot air and vapor through the funnel and down the pipe 14. Flexible pipesare provided so that the various parts can be readily assembled together and applied to different makes of engines and motor cars.
The aqueous vapor thus introduced into the carbureter has a beneficial efiect in the engine cylinders, by decreasing the deposits of carbon, and in other ways.
What I claim is:
The combination, with an internal combustion engine provided with a fan, and a radiator arranged in front of the fan; of a tubular funnel adapted to receive a blast of air from the fan, said funnel having its lower side inclined downwar ly and forf wardly and provided with an inlet for hot air arising from the engine, a pipe for vapor communicating with the vapor space of the radiator, a fastening device securing the open rear end of the vapor pipe to the lower inclined side of the funnel at its front end so that condensed vapor may drip from the front end of the funnel, and a delivery pipe for moistened and heated, air secured to the rear end of the funnel in line the fuel intake of the engine.
In testimony whereof I have afiixed my d with its .axis and operatively connected with
US323059A 1919-09-11 1919-09-11 Air-moistener Expired - Lifetime US1384702A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2482200A (en) * 1947-12-31 1949-09-20 Miller George Moisturizer for carburetors
US2534483A (en) * 1948-08-11 1950-12-19 Raymond G Thomas Vapor injector

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2482200A (en) * 1947-12-31 1949-09-20 Miller George Moisturizer for carburetors
US2534483A (en) * 1948-08-11 1950-12-19 Raymond G Thomas Vapor injector

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