US1362766A - Gas-mask - Google Patents

Gas-mask Download PDF

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Publication number
US1362766A
US1362766A US33629319A US1362766A US 1362766 A US1362766 A US 1362766A US 33629319 A US33629319 A US 33629319A US 1362766 A US1362766 A US 1362766A
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United States
Prior art keywords
mask
gas
nozzle
mouth
user
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Expired - Lifetime
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Mcgargill James Martin
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Mcgargill James Martin
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Publication date
Application filed by Mcgargill James Martin filed Critical Mcgargill James Martin
Priority to US33629319 priority Critical patent/US1362766A/en
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Publication of US1362766A publication Critical patent/US1362766A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62BDEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING
    • A62B18/00Breathing masks or helmets, e.g. affording protection against chemical agents or for use at high altitudes or incorporating a pump or compressor for reducing the inhalation effort
    • A62B18/02Masks

Description

1. M. McGARGlLL.

I GAS MASK.

APPLICATION FILED NOV. 7, I919.

1,362,766; I Patented Dec. 21, 1920.

Egvmmmtoz UNITED STATETSVPATENT OFFICE.

JAMES MARTIN MCGARGILL, OF IMOGENE, IOWA.

GAS-MASK.

l '0 a]? zc/wmit may concern.

Be it known that James MARTIN MoGAn- GILL. a citizen of the United States, residing at Imogene. in the county of Fremont and State of Iowa, has invented certain new and useful improvements in Gas-Masks, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawing.

The invention relates to gas masks and has for its object to provide a mask formed from a single piece of pliable material shaped so as to cover the nose, mouth and eyes of the user and having eye openings which may be covered with any form of transparent material so as not to obstruct the vision. Also to provide the margiiial edges of the mask with a series of vacuum suction cups so that said mask may be held in position on the face of the user, for preventing the entrance of gas under the edges of the mask.

A further object is to provide a member through which air may be inhaled or ex haled from the nose or mouth, simultaneously or independently. The exhaling being through a flutter valve comprising a pair of pliable pieces of material which antomatically open during an exhaling operation and automatically close during an inhaling operation.

'ith the above and other objects in view the invention resides in the combination and arrangement of parts as hereinafter set forth, shown in the drawings, described and claimed, it being understood that changes in the precise embodiment of the invention may be made within the scope of what is claimed without departing from the spirit of the invention.

In the drawings Figure 1 is a side elevation of the mask showing the same in position for use.

Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the mask.

Fig. 3 is a sectional view through a portion of the mask and the air controlling valve.

Fig. 1 is a transverse sectional view through the air controlling valve taken on line -11 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is a perspective view of one of the marginal edges of the pliable masks showing the vacuum cups.

Referring to the drawings, the numeral 1 designates the gas mask which is formed Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Dec. 21, 1920.

Application filed November 7, 1919. Serial No. 336,293.

from a pliable material, such for instance as rubber or rubberized cloth, and 2 are eye openings formed in extensions 3, which extensions overlie the eye. N ear the bottom of the mask extensions 4: are provided substantially opposite the mouth 5 of the user. Secure-(l to the upper end of the mask 1 is a head yoke (3, which yoke comprises members adapted to encircle the head and also arch the head. The yoke (3 may be formed of pliable material such for instance as rubber but the yoke as a whole primarily serves the purpose of allowing the quick and rapid placing of the mask in position, so that the eye pieces and the nozzle 7 will be in proper position for use. The marginal edges of the mask 1 are provided with a series of vacuum cups, which allow the mask to be quickly secured to the face by simply running the finger along the marginal edges thereby expelling the air from the cups and allowing the mask to be held, in close engagement with the face by the vacuum created in said cups. By the provision of the vacuum cups it will be seen that gas will be prevented from entering under the mask or around its marginal edges. Gas cannot enter through the eye openings 2 for the reason that said eye openings are covered with celluloid, or anv other suitable transparent material 9.

Nozzle 7 is disposed in any opening in the mask 1 and is vulcanized or otherwise secured therein as at 10. One end of the nozzle is provided with an adjustable mouth engaging portion 11, which portion is adapted to be received in the mouth, while the other end thereof is provided with a canister 12, in which any form of gas neutralizing material may be placed. Extending upwardly from the nozzle 7 are nostril engaging members 13 which are adapted to be disposed within the nostrils of the user, said members 13 having air passages therein in communication with the chamber of the nozzle 7. Extending downwardly from the nozzle 7 and disposed on the outside of the gas mask is a rectangular shaped member 14 having a preferably rectangular shaped chamber 15 therein. Secured as at 16 to the outer walls of said chamber 15 are flexible members 17, said members being preferably made of rubber and forming'together a flutter valve through which the exhaled air from the nose or mouth will readily pass, but which will immediately close when the user inhales thereby causing the air conveyed to the nostrils or mouth to enter the nozzle through the canister 12.

To further prevent gases that may get behind the mask from reaching the nose, a nose guard is provided, said nose guard beingdesignated by the numeral 1. and is held in place by means of suction cups of the type used for the edges of the mask 1.

The invention having been set forth what is claimed as new and useful is 1. A gas mask comprising a member formed from pliable material adapted to engage the face and cover the eyes, nose and mouth of the user, transparent material carried by said mask and forming portions adapted to register with the eyes, a series of vacuum cups around the marginal edge of the mask, head gear carried by the mask at its upperend and adapted to engage the head, a nozzle carried by said mask and adapted to engage the nostrils and mouth of the user, means carried by said nozzle for neutralizing the gas when the user inhales and valve means for allowing the easy emission of the air from the nozzle when the user exhales.

2. A gas mask comprising a member formed from pliable material adapted to engage the face and cover the eyes, nose and mouth of the user, transparent material carried by said mask and forming portions adapted to register with the eyes, a series of vacuum cups around the marginal edge of the mask, head gear carried by the mask at its upper end and adapted to engage the head, a nozzle carried by said mask adapted to engage the nostrils and mouth of the user, said nozzle having nose engaging members carried thereby and disposed within the mask and in communication with the chamber of the nozzle, one end of said nozzle being adapted to engage the mouth of the user, the outer end of the nozzle being provided with a gas neutralizing material, a valve casing depending from the nozzle and disposed on the outer side of the mask, and a flutter valve carried in said valve casing through which air exhaled will pass, said flutter valve during an inhaling operation automatically closing and causing the inhaled air to pass through the gas neutralizing material.

In testimony whereof I hereunto aflix my signature.

JAMES MARTIN MQGARGILL.

US33629319 1919-11-07 1919-11-07 Gas-mask Expired - Lifetime US1362766A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US33629319 US1362766A (en) 1919-11-07 1919-11-07 Gas-mask

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US33629319 US1362766A (en) 1919-11-07 1919-11-07 Gas-mask

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US1362766A true US1362766A (en) 1920-12-21

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Cited By (46)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4671271A (en) * 1985-11-27 1987-06-09 Dolores Bishop Protective facial mask
US4770169A (en) * 1987-02-13 1988-09-13 Mdt Diagnostic Company Anaesthetic mask
US4827923A (en) * 1987-06-08 1989-05-09 Dolores Bishop Protective facial mask
US5005571A (en) * 1988-11-25 1991-04-09 Dietz Henry G Mouth nose mask for use with an inhalation therapy and/or breathing monitoring apparatus
US5207221A (en) * 1989-06-26 1993-05-04 Stulbach Nathan H Aerated respiratory mouthpiece (oral gum separator)
US5233978A (en) * 1992-04-03 1993-08-10 Medway Nasal oxygen mask
US5431158A (en) * 1993-04-20 1995-07-11 Tirotta; Christopher F. Endoscopy breathing mask
US5454369A (en) * 1992-12-03 1995-10-03 Dragerwerk Ag Breathing mask with fixed mask body
US5503167A (en) * 1994-01-10 1996-04-02 James W. Wilson Deformable face shield with mouthpiece
US5595174A (en) * 1994-02-28 1997-01-21 Gwaltney; Max R. Nasal adaptor, mask, and method
US5596983A (en) * 1990-03-21 1997-01-28 Zander; Rolf Apparatus for oxygenating a patient
US5603317A (en) * 1996-03-25 1997-02-18 Farmer; Charlene C. Environmental mask
US6571798B1 (en) * 2000-04-05 2003-06-03 W. Keith Thornton Device for improving breathing and method of constructing same
US6584975B1 (en) * 2000-08-28 2003-07-01 Eldridge Taylor Respirator mask for filtering breathed air
US6595215B2 (en) * 2000-03-13 2003-07-22 Innomed Technologies, Inc. Ventilation interface for sleep apnea therapy
US20030136409A1 (en) * 1999-12-22 2003-07-24 Jung-Eun Seo Compact multipurpose dustproof mask
US6626177B1 (en) * 1999-06-18 2003-09-30 Saeed Ziaee Nasal mask
US6629531B2 (en) 2000-04-17 2003-10-07 Scott Technologies, Inc. Respiratory mask and service module
US6644315B2 (en) * 1999-06-18 2003-11-11 Saeed Ziaee Nasal mask
US6679265B2 (en) * 2001-10-25 2004-01-20 Worldwide Medical Technologies Nasal cannula
US20060054168A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-03-16 Mesure Technology Co., Ltd. Face mask
US20060112962A1 (en) * 2002-12-06 2006-06-01 Tebbutt Adam A Mouthpiece
US20060156548A1 (en) * 2005-01-19 2006-07-20 Izumi Products Company Rotary type electric shaver
US20060283461A1 (en) * 2004-12-24 2006-12-21 Resmed Limited Mask system
US7658189B2 (en) * 2003-12-31 2010-02-09 Resmed Limited Compact oronasal patient interface
US7958893B2 (en) 2001-09-07 2011-06-14 Resmed Limited Cushion for a respiratory mask assembly
US20110203591A1 (en) * 2010-02-19 2011-08-25 Resmed Limited Supplemental gas delivery device for mask assembly
US8291906B2 (en) 2008-06-04 2012-10-23 Resmed Limited Patient interface systems
US8297285B2 (en) 2006-07-28 2012-10-30 Resmed Limited Delivery of respiratory therapy
US20130152935A1 (en) * 2007-12-21 2013-06-20 Mergenet Solutions System, Method And Ventilation Interface For Providing Pressurized Breathable Gas To The Mouth And Nose Separately
US8485192B2 (en) 2005-01-12 2013-07-16 Resmed Limited Cushion for patient interface
US8517023B2 (en) 2007-01-30 2013-08-27 Resmed Limited Mask system with interchangeable headgear connectors
US8522784B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2013-09-03 Resmed Limited Mask system
US20140196726A1 (en) * 2013-01-15 2014-07-17 Mark L. Mallek Integral mouthguard oxygen mask
US8807135B2 (en) 2004-06-03 2014-08-19 Resmed Limited Cushion for a patient interface
US8869797B2 (en) 2007-04-19 2014-10-28 Resmed Limited Cushion and cushion to frame assembly mechanism for patient interface
US8869798B2 (en) 2008-09-12 2014-10-28 Resmed Limited Foam-based interfacing structure method and apparatus
US8905031B2 (en) 2008-06-04 2014-12-09 Resmed Limited Patient interface systems
US8944061B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2015-02-03 Resmed Limited Cushion to frame assembly mechanism
US9010330B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2015-04-21 Resmed Limited Patient interface systems
US9162034B2 (en) 2006-07-28 2015-10-20 Resmed Limited Delivery of respiratory therapy
US9381316B2 (en) 2005-10-25 2016-07-05 Resmed Limited Interchangeable mask assembly
US9480809B2 (en) 2007-07-30 2016-11-01 Resmed Limited Patient interface
US9987450B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2018-06-05 Resmed Limited Interface including a foam cushioning element
US10166357B2 (en) 2006-12-15 2019-01-01 Resmed Limited Delivery of respiratory therapy with nasal interface
US10307554B2 (en) 2002-11-06 2019-06-04 Resmed Limited Mask and components thereof

Cited By (106)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4671271A (en) * 1985-11-27 1987-06-09 Dolores Bishop Protective facial mask
US4770169A (en) * 1987-02-13 1988-09-13 Mdt Diagnostic Company Anaesthetic mask
WO1988009681A1 (en) * 1987-06-08 1988-12-15 Dolores Bishop Protective facial mask
US4827923A (en) * 1987-06-08 1989-05-09 Dolores Bishop Protective facial mask
US5005571A (en) * 1988-11-25 1991-04-09 Dietz Henry G Mouth nose mask for use with an inhalation therapy and/or breathing monitoring apparatus
US5207221A (en) * 1989-06-26 1993-05-04 Stulbach Nathan H Aerated respiratory mouthpiece (oral gum separator)
US5596983A (en) * 1990-03-21 1997-01-28 Zander; Rolf Apparatus for oxygenating a patient
US5233978A (en) * 1992-04-03 1993-08-10 Medway Nasal oxygen mask
US5454369A (en) * 1992-12-03 1995-10-03 Dragerwerk Ag Breathing mask with fixed mask body
US5431158A (en) * 1993-04-20 1995-07-11 Tirotta; Christopher F. Endoscopy breathing mask
US5503167A (en) * 1994-01-10 1996-04-02 James W. Wilson Deformable face shield with mouthpiece
US5595174A (en) * 1994-02-28 1997-01-21 Gwaltney; Max R. Nasal adaptor, mask, and method
US5603317A (en) * 1996-03-25 1997-02-18 Farmer; Charlene C. Environmental mask
US6626177B1 (en) * 1999-06-18 2003-09-30 Saeed Ziaee Nasal mask
US6644315B2 (en) * 1999-06-18 2003-11-11 Saeed Ziaee Nasal mask
US6805123B2 (en) * 1999-12-22 2004-10-19 Jung-Eun Seo Compact multipurpose dustproof mask
US20030136409A1 (en) * 1999-12-22 2003-07-24 Jung-Eun Seo Compact multipurpose dustproof mask
US6863069B2 (en) 2000-03-13 2005-03-08 Innomed Technologies, Inc. Nasal ventilation interface
US6595215B2 (en) * 2000-03-13 2003-07-22 Innomed Technologies, Inc. Ventilation interface for sleep apnea therapy
US6807967B2 (en) * 2000-03-13 2004-10-26 Innomed Technologies, Inc. Ventilation interface for sleep apnea therapy
US20040020493A1 (en) * 2000-03-13 2004-02-05 Wood Thomas J. Ventilation interface for sleep apnea therapy
US6571798B1 (en) * 2000-04-05 2003-06-03 W. Keith Thornton Device for improving breathing and method of constructing same
US6629531B2 (en) 2000-04-17 2003-10-07 Scott Technologies, Inc. Respiratory mask and service module
US6584975B1 (en) * 2000-08-28 2003-07-01 Eldridge Taylor Respirator mask for filtering breathed air
US8733358B2 (en) 2001-09-07 2014-05-27 Resmed Limited Cushion for a respiratory mask assembly
US7958893B2 (en) 2001-09-07 2011-06-14 Resmed Limited Cushion for a respiratory mask assembly
US9724488B2 (en) 2001-09-07 2017-08-08 Resmed Limited Cushion for a respiratory mask assembly
USRE42843E1 (en) * 2001-10-25 2011-10-18 Innomed Technologies, Inc. Nasal cannula
US6679265B2 (en) * 2001-10-25 2004-01-20 Worldwide Medical Technologies Nasal cannula
US10307554B2 (en) 2002-11-06 2019-06-04 Resmed Limited Mask and components thereof
US20060112962A1 (en) * 2002-12-06 2006-06-01 Tebbutt Adam A Mouthpiece
EP3108919A1 (en) * 2002-12-06 2016-12-28 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Mouthpiece
US9155855B2 (en) * 2002-12-06 2015-10-13 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Mouthpiece
US9802021B2 (en) 2002-12-06 2017-10-31 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Mouthpiece
US9956369B2 (en) 2002-12-06 2018-05-01 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Mouthpiece
US7658189B2 (en) * 2003-12-31 2010-02-09 Resmed Limited Compact oronasal patient interface
US9220860B2 (en) 2003-12-31 2015-12-29 Resmed Limited Compact oronasal patient interface
US7942148B2 (en) 2003-12-31 2011-05-17 Resmed Limited Compact oronasal patient interface
US7708017B2 (en) 2003-12-31 2010-05-04 Resmed Limited Compact oronasal patient interface
US9067033B2 (en) 2003-12-31 2015-06-30 Resmed Limited Compact oronasal patient interface
US9238116B2 (en) 2004-06-03 2016-01-19 Redmed Limited Cushion for a patient interface
US8807135B2 (en) 2004-06-03 2014-08-19 Resmed Limited Cushion for a patient interface
US7100611B2 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-09-05 Mesure Technology Co., Ltd. Face mask
US20060054168A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-03-16 Mesure Technology Co., Ltd. Face mask
US20060283461A1 (en) * 2004-12-24 2006-12-21 Resmed Limited Mask system
US8136525B2 (en) 2004-12-24 2012-03-20 Resmed Limited Mask system
US8616211B2 (en) 2005-01-12 2013-12-31 Resmed Limited Cushion for patient interface
US8485192B2 (en) 2005-01-12 2013-07-16 Resmed Limited Cushion for patient interface
US9295800B2 (en) 2005-01-12 2016-03-29 Resmed Limited Cushion for patient interface
US8550082B2 (en) 2005-01-12 2013-10-08 Resmed Limited Cushion for patient interface
US8550083B2 (en) 2005-01-12 2013-10-08 Resmed Limited Cushion for patient interface
US8555885B2 (en) 2005-01-12 2013-10-15 Resmed Limited Cushion for patient interface
US8567404B2 (en) 2005-01-12 2013-10-29 Resmed Limited Cushion for patient interface
US8550081B2 (en) 2005-01-12 2013-10-08 Resmed Limited Cushion for patient interface
US8573215B2 (en) 2005-01-12 2013-11-05 Resmed Limited Cushion for patient interface
US8573214B2 (en) 2005-01-12 2013-11-05 Resmed Limited Cushion for patient interface
US8573213B2 (en) 2005-01-12 2013-11-05 Resmed Limited Cushion for patient interface
US8613281B2 (en) 2005-01-12 2013-12-24 Resmed Limited Cushion for patient interface
US8613280B2 (en) 2005-01-12 2013-12-24 Resmed Limited Cushion for patient interface
US8578935B2 (en) 2005-01-12 2013-11-12 Resmed Limited Cushion for patient interface
US7509741B2 (en) 2005-01-19 2009-03-31 Izumi Products Company Rotary type electric shaver
US20060156548A1 (en) * 2005-01-19 2006-07-20 Izumi Products Company Rotary type electric shaver
US9032955B2 (en) 2005-06-06 2015-05-19 Resmed Limited Mask system
EP1890755A4 (en) * 2005-06-06 2011-03-02 Resmed Ltd Mask system
EP1890755A1 (en) * 2005-06-06 2008-02-27 ResMed Limited Mask system
US10137270B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2018-11-27 Resmed Limited Cushion to frame assembly mechanism
US8944061B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2015-02-03 Resmed Limited Cushion to frame assembly mechanism
US9381316B2 (en) 2005-10-25 2016-07-05 Resmed Limited Interchangeable mask assembly
US9962510B2 (en) 2005-10-25 2018-05-08 Resmed Limited Respiratory mask assembly
US10183138B2 (en) 2005-10-25 2019-01-22 Resmed Limited Interchangeable mask assembly
US8297285B2 (en) 2006-07-28 2012-10-30 Resmed Limited Delivery of respiratory therapy
US9937312B2 (en) 2006-07-28 2018-04-10 Resmed Limited Delivery of respiratory therapy with foam interface
US9827391B2 (en) 2006-07-28 2017-11-28 Resmed Limited Delivery of respiratory therapy
US9162034B2 (en) 2006-07-28 2015-10-20 Resmed Limited Delivery of respiratory therapy
US10166357B2 (en) 2006-12-15 2019-01-01 Resmed Limited Delivery of respiratory therapy with nasal interface
US9937315B2 (en) 2007-01-30 2018-04-10 Resmed Limited Mask with removable headgear connector
US8960196B2 (en) 2007-01-30 2015-02-24 Resmed Limited Mask system with interchangeable headgear connectors
US8517023B2 (en) 2007-01-30 2013-08-27 Resmed Limited Mask system with interchangeable headgear connectors
US10195384B2 (en) 2007-04-19 2019-02-05 Resmed Limited Cushion and cushion to frame assembly mechanism for patient interface
US8869797B2 (en) 2007-04-19 2014-10-28 Resmed Limited Cushion and cushion to frame assembly mechanism for patient interface
US9480809B2 (en) 2007-07-30 2016-11-01 Resmed Limited Patient interface
US20130152935A1 (en) * 2007-12-21 2013-06-20 Mergenet Solutions System, Method And Ventilation Interface For Providing Pressurized Breathable Gas To The Mouth And Nose Separately
US9987450B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2018-06-05 Resmed Limited Interface including a foam cushioning element
US9119931B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2015-09-01 Resmed Limited Mask system
US9962511B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2018-05-08 Resmed Limited Mask system with snap-fit shroud
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US9027556B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2015-05-12 Resmed Limited Mask system
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US10155096B2 (en) 2010-02-19 2018-12-18 Resmed Limited Supplemental gas delivery device for mask assembly
US20110203591A1 (en) * 2010-02-19 2011-08-25 Resmed Limited Supplemental gas delivery device for mask assembly
US8616209B2 (en) 2010-02-19 2013-12-31 Resmed Limited Supplemental gas delivery device for mask assembly
US9010330B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2015-04-21 Resmed Limited Patient interface systems
US9737678B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2017-08-22 Resmed Limited Mask system
US10052448B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2018-08-21 Resmed Limited Patient interface systems
US20140196726A1 (en) * 2013-01-15 2014-07-17 Mark L. Mallek Integral mouthguard oxygen mask

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