US1355068A - Hydrocarbon-motor - Google Patents

Hydrocarbon-motor Download PDF

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Publication number
US1355068A
US1355068A US27065919A US1355068A US 1355068 A US1355068 A US 1355068A US 27065919 A US27065919 A US 27065919A US 1355068 A US1355068 A US 1355068A
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Prior art keywords
header
water
cylinders
chamber
motor
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Expired - Lifetime
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Jesse G Vincent
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Packard Motor Car Co
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Packard Motor Car Co
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01PCOOLING OF MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; COOLING OF INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01P3/00Liquid cooling
    • F01P3/02Arrangements for cooling cylinders or cylinder heads
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B75/00Other engines
    • F02B75/16Engines characterised by number of cylinders, e.g. single-cylinder engines
    • F02B75/18Multi-cylinder engines
    • F02B75/22Multi-cylinder engines with cylinders in V, fan, or star arrangement

Description

i. G. VINCENT.

HYDROCARSON MOTOR. APPLICATLON FILED JAN. 11. 1919.

Patented 00 5, man

2 SHEETS-SHEET I.

I 1. G. VINCENT.

HYDROCARBON MOTOR.

APPLICATION FILED JAN. 11. 19m.

Patented Oct. 5, 1920.

2 SHEETSSHEET 2.

ii'fiz MN U UNITED STATES JESSE G. VINCENT, OF DETROIT, MICHIGAN, "ASSIG-NOR TO PACKARD MOTOR CAR COM- PATENT OFFICE.

PANY, 0F DETROIT, MICHIGAN, A CORPORATION OF MICHIGAN.

HYDROCARBON-MOTOR.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Oct. 5, 1920.

Application filed January 11, 1919. Serial No. 270,659.

motors and particularly to intake headers therefor.

One object of the invention is to provide a simplified cooling system for the motor enabling the water to pass directly from the cylinder heads to an intake header jacket or chamber and then directly to an outlet leading to a radiator or other cooling device.

Another object of the invention is to provide means to impart the maximum heat from the water in the circulation system to the vapor intake chamber forming a part of said header.

Another object of the invention is to provide a header having a water heated vapor intake chamber which shall obtain the above objects and which offers only slight head resistance.

Another object of the invention is to pro vide such an arrangement of the intake header and its connections as to afford a rigid cross tie between the cylinders of the two rows in a V-type engine such as this invention is particularly designed to be applied to.

Another object of the invention is to utilize the carbureters as part of the means for providing the rigid connection between the cylinders.

Another object of the invention is to provide an effectively sealing means of simple construction at the joints between the car bureters and the walls of the vapor intake chamber of the header.

lVith these objects and others in view, the invention is embodied in preferable form in the construction and arrangement hereinafter described and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 is a top plan view of part of a hydrocarbon motor showing one end of the intake header;

Fig. 2 is a vertical section on line 2-2 of Fig. 1;

' Fig. 3 is a top plan view of the complete header, with the cylinders and their water jackets and the connecting pipes from the water chamber of the header to the water jackets omitted;

Fig. 4 is a side View in elevation partly in section, showing a part of the header and the carbureters which are connected thereto; and

Fig. 5 is a vertical section on the line 5-5 of Fig. 3.

Referring to the drawings, 1 indicates the.

cylinders of a hydrocarbon motor, which cylinders are shown as arranged in two rows with the axes of the cylinders in the respective rows arranged at a V-angle to one another. Preferably these cylinders as shown are arranged in groups of' two, although other groupings of the cylinders may beemployed if desired. A water jacket 2- surrounds each group of cylinders.

Mounted in the space between the cylinders but above the level of the upper ends of the latter is the intake header, constitut ing an essential element of the invention. This header comprises a plurality of hollow bodies 3 the lengths of which extend parallel to the length of the motor and of which one body is adapted to correspond to andtake care of-the supply of gas to a number of cylinders in one row and the water chamber of which is adapted to take care of a plurality of water jackets in the same row, while. the other body is adapted to co-act with cylinders and jackets in the other row.

In the embodiment of the invention herein illustrated two of such hollow bodies are shown and they consist of substantially rectangular members extending from end to end of the rows of cylinders and arranged substantially parallel to one another. The

upper outer surface of this header lies in a horizontal plane, thereby reducing head resistance. Each header member is provided with a horizontal partition 4 extending from end to end of the hollow member and located nearer to the top wall of the header than to the bottom wall and providing a vapor intake chamber 5 and a smaller water circulation chamber 6 superposed on the vapor intake chamber. The waterwhich circulates through the chamber 6 is delivered thereto from the jackets surrounding the engine cylinders and is adapted to impart its heat to the explosive mixture enteringthe vapor intake chambers 5 in order to increase the combustibility of the mlxture. The lower chamber of the header forming the vapor intake chamber is divided into two compartments by means of a central vertical partition 7, one of these I compartments corresponding to one-half of the cylinders on one side of the motor and the other compartment corresponding to the remaining cylinders on the same side of the engine. Two carbureters are shown as adapted to supply the explosive mixture to. the intake chambers. Each carbureter is disposed between the central transverse line of the motor and one end thereof. Each carbureter 8 has an integral casting 9 forming the base and two separated upwardly extending branches 10 of which one is adapted to join one of the compartments of an intake chamber 5 of one of the header members 3 and the other is adapted to join .another compartment of the chamber 5 in the other hollow header member 3.

surrounding each opening and against the lower edge of which the upper edge of the carbureter branch pipe is adapted to abut. The adjacent parts of the annular vertlcal walls of the pipe 10 and depending flange 11 are recessed to receive an annular sleeve or ring 12 which provides a double broken joint between the pipe 10 and the header and thereby serves effectively and by a simple construction to seal the junction between these parts and prevent the escape of the Each carbureter branch pipe 1-0 is provided atits upper edge with lateral flanges 12 through which extend bolts 13, the heads of which are adapted to engage lugs 14, one of which is formed on each of the hollow header bodies 3, and which lugs are adapted to abut against one another along the central line between said bodies. 'These bolts serve to suspend the carbureters and hold the upper'ends of the carburetor tightly against the header flanges.

The upper water receiving chamber 6 of each header member is provided with an opening through a lateral boss 15 adapted to communicate with a downwardly extending conduit pipe 16. One of these pipes is shownleading from the hollow header member chamber to each. of the water jackets surrounding two of the cylinders as indicated in Fig. 1. The water which has absorbed the heat from the engine cylinders is thus conducted upwardly therefrom in the natural direction of flow directly to the water receiving chamber 6, thus providing a short direct path in the line-of circulation from the hottest part of the system toward the coolest part. These pipes are connected to the jackets by means of a flexible coupling'16' of rubber or other yielding material whereby allowance is provided for yariations in the relative locations and sizes of the parts to be connected.

In its upper wall the chamber 6 of each hollow body of the header-has an opening 17 leading into a common casing 18 with which communicates a single outlet pipe 19 which preferably is adapted to lead to a radiator not herein shown. The casing 18 is provided with a flange 20 entirely surrounding the same and having a flat under surface which is adapted to fit upon the flat exterior faces of the two members of the header and which is rigidly bolted'to said members and thus constitutes an upper cross connecting member for the two header bodies. The two header members are thus rigidly connected by the cross connection at the bottom afforded by the carbureters, the cross connection at the top provided by the flange 20 and the vertical connection obtained by the bolts 13.

Leading from the vapor intake chamber 5 to the respective cylinders on one side of the engine are separate gas conveying pipes 21, which rigidly tie the cylinders to the headers, thus preventing vibration of the cylinders at their upper ends.

With the arrangement above'described, as the explosive mixture'is admitted'to the intake chambers of the two members of the header from the carbureters it will be heated by the water carried into the upper chambers 6 from the pipes 16 which communicate with the water jackets. It will be seen that these water jackets are separately connected in parallel to the header members at separated points along the length of the header and by short pipes at right angles thereto, thus afl'ording a direct path for the heated water in the direction of the normal flow of the water from the hottest to the coolest part of the system, and preventing heat loss by radiation through long conduit pipes, thus obtaining the maximum heating effect upon the gases in the lower chambers in the header. This heat utilization is further insured by reason of the longitudinal extension of the headers lengthwise of the motor, thus providing an extensive radiating surface for the heated water; By thus extending the headers and forming them with a flat external horizontal surface-this extensive radiating area is obtained without producing any obstructing body such as would tend to increase the head resistance. Since the header members are rigidly tied together at the top and bottom and are rigidly connected at separated points by the gas conduit pipes to \the cylinders 'a rigid cross tie for the upper ends of the cylinders surface lying in substantially a horizontal plane, and having a partition lying in substantially a horizontal plane and dividing the body of the header into a lower vapor intake chamber and an upper water chamber.

2. In a hydrocarbon motor, in combination with a radiator, a hollow header having a body elongated lengthwise of the motor and including a vapor intake chamber and a superposed water chamber, cylinders, a water jacket for said cylinders, a pipe leading from said water chamber of the header to the radiator from a point substantially midway of the length of the header, said water chamber having an inlet spaced from the outlet longitudinally of the motor and communicating with said jacket.

3. In a hydrocarbon motor, in combination with cylinders disposed in series longitudinally of the crank shaft, water jackets, a header having a vapor intake chamber and a super-jacent water chamber, said jackets being connected in parallel to said water chamber, at points spaced apart longitudinally of the header.

4. In a hydrocarbon motor, in combination with a header having a vapor intake chamber and a water chamber next to the ing a water chamber nextto the intake chamber having separate connections with the water ackets of one row, said connections being apart lengthwise of the header.

6. In a hydrocarbon motor, cylinders in two rows, water jackets in two rows, a header having a vapor intake chamber provided with a plurality of connections leading separately to the cylinders of one row and havingasuper-jacent water chamber provided with a plurality of inlet connections leading separately from said jackets of one row, and a single outlet for said chamber.

7. In a hydrocarbon motor, cylinders in two rows, water jackets in two rows, a header having separate vapor intake chambers each having communication separately with the cylinders of one row, said header having water chambers each super-j acent to a vapor intake chamber, each of said water chambers communicating by separate connections with the jackets in one row.

8. In a hydrocarbon motor of the V-type having a plurality of water jackets in each row thereof, a header having a plurality of gas intake chambers, one for a plurality of cylinders in each row, and having a plurality of water chambers, one for a number of water jackets in each now, said chambers extending lengthwise of the motor, and a common outlet for said water chambers.

9. In a hydrocarbon motor of the V-type, a header between the rows of cylinders having a vapor intake chamber and a superj acent water chamber each corresponding to' a plurality of cylinders in oneof the rows. of cylinders, a plurality of water jackets in each row having separate connections with each water chamber, and a common connection with each water chamber, and a common outlet for both water chambers leading therefrom substantially midway of their lengths.

10. In a hydrocarbon motor, in combination with V-angle rows of cylinders and a plurality of water jackets in each row,'a header extending lengthwiseof the motor and having a substantially fiat upper surface and divided into two structurally separate bodies each havinga gas intake chamber and a water chamber above it, said water chambers having a common outlet.

11. In a hydrocarbon motor, in combination with V-angle'rows of cylinders and a plurality of water jackets in each row, a header extending .lengthwise of the motor, separate pipes connecting said jackets with a water chamber in said header, and separate rigid conduit connections between the cylinders and a gas intake chamber in the header.

12. In a hydrocarbon motor, in combination with a water' heating gas intake header made of two separate parts extending lengthwise of the motor wlth chambers in each part, means for rigidly connecting said parts, and communicating means. rigidly connecting the gas chamber with the cylinders flexibly connecting chambers with the water jackets.

13, In a hydrocarbon motor, in combination with a combined vapor intake and water conveying header comprising two parallel hollow bodies, means for rigidly the water a connecting said bodies transversely at their said bodies transversely below thesame, and a rigid vertical connection between said members and the lower transverse connect-. ing means. I

14. In a hydrocarbon motor, in combination with an intake header having two hollow bodies, means for rigidly connecting the same, two rows' of cylinders between which said bodies are mounted and gas conintegral base portion and having two branch portions connecting respectively with said hollow. members, and serving to join said members rigidly and transversely below the same.

-16. In a hydrocarbonmotor, in combination with cylinders, a header structurally separate from the cylinder construction and consisting of an elongated hollow body having vapor intake and water chambers adacent one another, said cylinders having rigid communicatlng connections with the header gas chamber, water jackets having connections with the water chamber, and a carbureter rigidly connected to said header.

17 In a hydrocarbon motor, in combination with a header'having two separate longitudinal bodies each provided with adjacent gas and water chambers, said gas chambers having means of rigid communicating connections with the cylinders, said water chambers communicating with the water jackets of said cylinders and a carbureter having a maincentral body strucseparate bodies and rigidly connecting the same.

18. In a hydrocarbon motor, in combination with V-angled rows of cy1inders, a

header having two longitudinal separate bodies, each having a vapor intake chamber and a superposed water. chamber, said bodies extending lengthwise of the motor between the cylinders, rigid pipe connections between one header body and the cylinders of one row, and between the other header body and the other cylinders, connections between the water chambers and cylinder jackets, outlets from the water chambers, a common outlet pipe communieating with both outlets and a cross brace connecting said bodies at said outlet.

19. In a hydrocarbon motor, in combination with an intake header having a water conveying chamber and a vapor receiving chamber, a carbureter structurally separate from the header and provided with an extension adapted to join the header, and an annular sleeve within said parts between the same to provide a broken joint at said j unction.

20. In a hydrocarbon motor, in combination with an intake header having a water conveying chamber and a vapor receivingchamber, a carbureter structurally separate from the header and provided with an extension adapted to join the header and an annular sleeve within said parts opposite the joint between the same to provlde a broken joint at said junction, and means .ture and having branches joined to said for rigidly holding the said extension of the carbureter in engagement with the wall of the header. Y

In testimony whereof I afiix my signature.

JESSE VINCENT.

US27065919 1919-01-11 1919-01-11 Hydrocarbon-motor Expired - Lifetime US1355068A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2771863A (en) * 1954-05-26 1956-11-27 Porsche Kg V-type internal combustion engine and intake manifold therefor
US2936746A (en) * 1954-09-10 1960-05-17 Gen Motors Corp Water heated intake manifold
US3303832A (en) * 1967-02-14 High output engines
US3465734A (en) * 1967-11-09 1969-09-09 Us Army Intake manifold for internal combustion engines
US5651338A (en) * 1996-03-26 1997-07-29 Pacheco; Allan A. Adjustable induction manifold system
US6622667B1 (en) 2000-07-25 2003-09-23 Deltahawk, Inc. Internal combustion engine
US6769383B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2004-08-03 Deltahawk, Inc. Internal combustion engine
USRE40500E1 (en) 2000-07-25 2008-09-16 Deltahawk Engines, Inc. Internal combustion engine

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3303832A (en) * 1967-02-14 High output engines
US2771863A (en) * 1954-05-26 1956-11-27 Porsche Kg V-type internal combustion engine and intake manifold therefor
US2936746A (en) * 1954-09-10 1960-05-17 Gen Motors Corp Water heated intake manifold
US3465734A (en) * 1967-11-09 1969-09-09 Us Army Intake manifold for internal combustion engines
US5651338A (en) * 1996-03-26 1997-07-29 Pacheco; Allan A. Adjustable induction manifold system
US6622667B1 (en) 2000-07-25 2003-09-23 Deltahawk, Inc. Internal combustion engine
US20050235946A1 (en) * 2000-07-25 2005-10-27 Doers Douglas A Internal combustion engine
USRE40500E1 (en) 2000-07-25 2008-09-16 Deltahawk Engines, Inc. Internal combustion engine
USRE41335E1 (en) 2000-07-25 2010-05-18 Deltahawk Engines, Inc. Internal combustion engine
US6769383B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2004-08-03 Deltahawk, Inc. Internal combustion engine

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