US1346952A - Water-heater - Google Patents

Water-heater Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1346952A
US1346952A US1346952DA US1346952A US 1346952 A US1346952 A US 1346952A US 1346952D A US1346952D A US 1346952DA US 1346952 A US1346952 A US 1346952A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
burner
water
combustion chamber
chamber
casing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1346952A publication Critical patent/US1346952A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H1/00Water heaters having heat generating means, e.g. boiler, flow- heater, water-storage heater
    • F24H1/10Continuous-flow heaters, i.e. in which heat is generated only while the water is flowing, e.g. with direct contact of the water with the heating medium
    • F24H1/12Continuous-flow heaters, i.e. in which heat is generated only while the water is flowing, e.g. with direct contact of the water with the heating medium in which the water is kept separate from the heating medium
    • F24H1/14Continuous-flow heaters, i.e. in which heat is generated only while the water is flowing, e.g. with direct contact of the water with the heating medium in which the water is kept separate from the heating medium by tubes, e.g. bent in serpentine form
    • F24H1/145Continuous-flow heaters, i.e. in which heat is generated only while the water is flowing, e.g. with direct contact of the water with the heating medium in which the water is kept separate from the heating medium by tubes, e.g. bent in serpentine form using fluid fuel

Description

UNITED STATES AP A'rlazlwr OFFICE.
WATER-HEATER.
Specication o! Letters Patent.
Patented July 2o, 1920.
' Application filed J'uly 3, 1917. Serial No. 178,464.
To all whom z't may concern:
Be it known that I, NELSON G. GOREAU, a citizen of the United States, residing at New Orleans, Louisiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Water- Heaters, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to novel features of the combustion chamberv and certain associated features especially adapted for use in automatic water heaters, although the invention is adaptable to heaters whose action is not necessarily automatic.
Among the principal objects of the invention are to increase the efficiency of such heaters by reducing the radiating area of the whole structure, by regulating the amount of secondary air supplied, by dividing the liame and controlling the course of the flame and the radiation of heat so -as to insure complete combustion and convey a very large part of the heat produced to the heating-coil; to provide improved heat insulating means and heat refracting means; to prevent water which condenses within the combustion chamber from having access to the burner or pilot light; to retain such condensed water and evaporate it within the apparatus; to reduce the volumetric contents of the chamber to avoid violent explosions and tov prevent damage to the combustion chamber and' adjacent parts in case a body of gas is ignited within it.
The accompanying drawing shows one e1;- emplifying embodiment of the invention, and, after considering this, it will be evident that the principles of the invention may be Y embodied in other forms, and I do not limit myself to details except as claimed hereafter.
Figure 1 is a vertical section through a water heater of automatic type, embodying the invention.
Fig. 2 is a top view partly in plan and partly in section..
Fig. 3 is a hqrizontal section through the burner head.
The combustion chamber C contains the water coil W, the arrangement of which may vary considerably, but in a preferred compact arrangement, a baffle plate 1, which may also be a"coil supporting device, is arranged at the center of the coil to prevent hot gases from passing too directly up through the middle of the coil.
The combustion chamber may'have aesubstantially cylindrical part 2 surrounding the coilfand an inwardly converging lower part 3 w1th1n which the head 4 of the burner B 1s located. Preferably a single burner is em ployed and this may be of the general type descrlbed in my Patent No. 1,049,848, dated January 7, 1913, in which gas is supplied through the gas nozzle 5 adjacent to the throat of the Venturi tube 7 and air 1s supplied to the intake of the Venturi tube at 8. Suflicient air is thus supplied within the burner to produce a hot blue frame at the head 4 and to prevent back-firing because the velocity of gases within the tube, due to the construction and arrangement of parts, 1s greater than the rate of fiame propagation,
as fully explained in the' above-mentioned patent. Preferably, as best shown in Fig. 3, the burner head is in the form 4of an annulus having a plurality of uprights 26 forming between them openings or nozzles 27, through which gas issues, and when ignited forms an annulus of separate iiame jets.
The bottom of the combustion chamber is closed by a pan 9 which has a central aperture 10 to accommodate the burner tube, and this aperture has an are'a calculated to induce suflicient secondary air adjacent to the burner head to support complete combustion and to limit the additional secondary air substantially to that amount, so that heat energy is not wasted in heating excess air. I have found that even when the opening 10 is restricted so much that combustion is somewhat incomplete, the eiciency is greater than when unlimited additional air is admitted to the combustion chamber.
Above the burner, in a preferred construction, is placed a baffle plate 11, and this may be adjusted vertically by means of a screw connection 12 with the top of the burner. A secondary mixing chamber is formed between the baille plate 11 and pan 9 and the velocity of the flames issuing in an annular series of separate jets from the nozzles 27 out to the draft inspires a suitable amount of secondary air through the opening 10, and this air is drawn about the separate flame jets and supplies the necessary amount of additional air to insure complete combustion.
The part 2 l of the combustion chamber Asurrounding the coil is preferably lined with `suitable heat insulating material 13 which may be, for example, kieselguhr or other suitable insulating material, and the lowerl part 3 of the combustion chamber may have similar insulating material 14. Within this fied linings may be employed in different cases, but it will usually be desirable to provide a heat insulating lining 14 in addition to the other lining materials so that there will usuallybe at least an insulating lining and within that a refractory lining which will prevent the conduction of heat through the walls vand therefore promote the de velopinent of very high temperature in the combustion chamber.
At the top of the combustion chamber is arranged a spider consisting of arms 17 radiating from .a central boss 18, the ends of the arms 17 v resting upon the top of the cylindrical part of the combustion chamber. The arms 17 carry uprights 19 to support the smoke pipe 20. A top plate or cover 21 is centrally apertured at 22 to accommodate the smoke pipe and the outer edge 23 of the cover rests upon the ends of the arms 17, The cover is free to slide up around the smoke pipe in certain cases as will be explained.
Preferably the bottom plate 9 about the aperture 10 is upwardly turned, providing a flange 24. This produces a reservoir or pocket 25 in the bottom plate surrounding the aperture 10, and condensed moisture produced from the products of combustion within the chamber is deflected by baffle' plate 11 and so prevented from getting into the burner 4 and is also directed into the water pocket 25, which also receives the water which drops from the coil outside the baille plate 11, and water which runs down the walls of the chamber. This water of condensation is thus prevented from dripping onto the floor and is disposed of as will be described.
When the burner is lighted the flame is directed outwardly and somewhat downwardly by the baflle'plate 11 and strikes the refractory lining 15 or 16 of the lower part of the chamber. The flame is thus directed upwardly and inwardly between the periphery of the baille plate and the wall 3 of the chamber to the coil. The course of the llame is thus made lon plete combustion efore it strikes the coil, avoiding cooling of the flame and incomplete combustion whichI results in other cases from the flame striking the coil prematurely. The heat developed by the flame is; also refracted by the linings 15, 16 upwardly and inwardly to the coil with very little loss through-the outer walls of the chamber ldue to theinsulating linings 1.3 and 14, and due also to' the small area of tlie'cmbustion" enough to permit com- @Maese chamber, which is in turn due to the efficient type of burner employed in connection with the arrangement of the coil and other features of the combustion chamber which permit high heating capacity within relatively small compass.
The baille plate 11 maybe adjusted vertically by the screw 12 to vary the flame opening between the periphery of the baille plate 11 and the adjacent wall 3 of the combustion chamber.
The flame issuing from the burner in the course described strikes or passes close to the water pocket 25 and evaporates water therein, and the steam passes out through' the smoke pipewith the products of combustion;
Ordinarily the cover 21 rests in the position shown and uides the burned gases to of gas is trapped within the combustion chamber and ignited, the explosion lifts the cover 21 and permits the exploding gases to escape without injuring the combustion chamber; and the cover then immediately falls back into position. l
A main gas valve G is provided for the main burner and ajpressure motor M is provided for the gas valve. A pilot light is also provided in a pocket adjacent the burner head 4 and this pilot light is protected from water of condensation by the baffle plate 11.
I claim:
1. In a water heater, a casing, a water container in the upper portion of the casing, said casing having a lower part fashioned with downwardly converging walls, a burner within the lower part of said casing. .1 j 2. The same as claim 1, with the addition of a refractory lining in the lower part of the casing presented toward the flame from the main burner at an angle to deflect llame and radiate heat upwardly toward said con-l of a pan at the bottom of the casing to re ceive and hold water of condensation, said pan having an opening adjacent 'to the burner to admit secondary air.
5. The same as claim 1, with thke addition that the burner has a plurality of'separateradial gas nozzles to 'deliver flame in lSepa'- rate annularly arranged jets.
6. In a water heater or the like, the combination of a casing, an element to be heated and a combustion chamber within the-casing, ia burner, and a movablel cover at. the
top of the casing to permitv freel escape of gases when a large body; of ygas isl-'ignite'd withinthe chamber.
7. In a water heater or the like, a casing comprising an upper part, a lower part constituting a combustion chamber partly closed at the bottom by a pan, la burner eX- tending through an aperture in said pan and having a burner head within the combustion chamber, said aperture providing for the admission of secondary air to the burner, and a plate above the burner forming a secondary mixing space.
8. In a Water heater, the combination of a casing, an element to be heated located near the `top of the casing, a burner Within the casing and below said element, and a pan located near the bottom of the casing and below the burner to intercept and retain Water of condensation falling from said element and the Walls of the casing.
9. The same as claim 8, with the addition of means for directing flame from the burner toward the pan, to cause evaporation of the Water of condensation therein.
10. The same as claim 8, with the addition of a delector located above the burner, to protect the burner from water 0f condensation and to divert flame toward the pan.
11. In a Water heater or the like, a casing, a heat receiving element and a burner therein, and a plate located above the burner to protect the burner from Water of condensation.
12. In a Water heater or the like the combination of a burner comprising a head hav-v ing one or more jet openings and means for supplying gas and primary air anterior to the jet openings, a chamber containingl the burner head and constituting a secondary mixing space, means for admitting a limited amount of secondary air to said chamber where said air has access to the jets of gases issuing from the jet openings,vand a combustion chamber communicating with the rst named chamber in which combustion of the gases is completed.
13. Same as claim 12 with the addition of an outer Wall forming one of the limits of said first named chamber, said Wall being arrangedto deflect flame and transmit radiant heat to the combustion chamber.
14. Same as claim 13 with the addition that said wall is arranged diagonally to the HOW of gases from the jet openings.
NELSON G. GOREAU.
US1346952D Water-heater Expired - Lifetime US1346952A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1346952A true US1346952A (en) 1920-07-20

Family

ID=3395925

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US1346952D Expired - Lifetime US1346952A (en) Water-heater

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1346952A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2959215A (en) * 1948-06-19 1960-11-08 Robert I Warnecke Apparatus for opposing flare back in fluid fuel burners
US3065741A (en) * 1959-10-14 1962-11-27 Gerard George Furnace construction
US3110302A (en) * 1961-03-07 1963-11-12 Mor Flo Ind Inc Water heaters
US3282257A (en) * 1963-06-05 1966-11-01 Vapor Corp Fluid heating apparatus

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2959215A (en) * 1948-06-19 1960-11-08 Robert I Warnecke Apparatus for opposing flare back in fluid fuel burners
US3065741A (en) * 1959-10-14 1962-11-27 Gerard George Furnace construction
US3110302A (en) * 1961-03-07 1963-11-12 Mor Flo Ind Inc Water heaters
US3282257A (en) * 1963-06-05 1966-11-01 Vapor Corp Fluid heating apparatus

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4510890A (en) Infrared water heater
US2479042A (en) Water heater
US2143259A (en) Fluid burner
US1346952A (en) Water-heater
US2255298A (en) Radiant heater
US1639114A (en) Heating apparatus
US1885040A (en) Water heater
US1644180A (en) Direct-air heater
US2218154A (en) Portable fuel oil burner
US2329272A (en) Combustion chamber
US1885674A (en) Liquid fuel burner
US2136317A (en) Oil burning furnace
US1691334A (en) Hot-water heater
US1883733A (en) Gas water heater
US1755949A (en) Steam generator and water heater
US1871574A (en) Gas heater stove
US2700418A (en) Vaporizing type burner with functional recirculating ring and central stack chamber
US2050760A (en) Orchard heater
US2549427A (en) Gas burner assembly
US1751581A (en) Heating device
US3351042A (en) Heater
US539447A (en) Heater
US1591782A (en) Brooder heater
US1342342A (en) Gas-heated boiler
US758859A (en) Portable water-heater.