US1195748A - sutphin - Google Patents

sutphin Download PDF

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US1195748A
US1195748A US1195748DA US1195748A US 1195748 A US1195748 A US 1195748A US 1195748D A US1195748D A US 1195748DA US 1195748 A US1195748 A US 1195748A
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rail
block
insulated
train
signal
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61LGUIDING RAILWAY TRAFFIC; ENSURING THE SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC
    • B61L3/00Devices along the route for controlling devices on the vehicle or vehicle train, e.g. to release brake, to operate a warning signal
    • B61L3/16Continuous control along the route
    • B61L3/22Continuous control along the route using magnetic or electrostatic induction; using electromagnetic radiation
    • B61L3/221Continuous control along the route using magnetic or electrostatic induction; using electromagnetic radiation using track circuits

Description

R. C. SUTPHIN.
BLOCK SYSTEM.
APPLICATION man AUG.25. 1915.
Patented Aug. 22, 1916.
2 SHEETS-SHEET I.
I/V VE N TOR c Saw 727? BY A 7TOHNEYS WITNESSES R. C. SUTPHIN.
BLOCK SYSTEM.
APPUCATION FLLED AUG.25, 1915. 1 1mm PatentedAug. 22,1916.
2 SHEETSSHEET 2.
fig. 6
WITNESSES 3 l/VVE/l/TOR iS -S UM RCLZZZ/O/YZWZ BY i A TTOR/VEYS ROBERT CAMM surrnm, or common, KENTUCKY.
BLOCK SYSTEM.
Application filed August 25, 1915. Serial No. 47,218.
To all chhom it may concern;
Be it known that I, ROBERT C. SUTPHIN,
' a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Oorydon, in the county of Henderson and State of Kentucky, have invented a new and Improved Block System, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
This invention relates to block systems of that type in which a signal is energized when a train enters a block, and the condition of the entered block is determined'by the con-' tinuance or. discontinuance of the signal.
The invention has for-its general objects to improve and simplify the construction of systems of the character referred to, so as to be reliable and eflicient in use, comparatively simple and inexpensive to install, and
so designed as to be entirely automatic in operation. p A more specific object of the invention is the installation on the locomotive, car or has train," of a signal circuit and a relay controlling the opening and closing of the circuit,
such relay being itself included in a circuit with two insulated wheels and axles of the locomotive tender, car or train, so that by a novel arrangement of insulated rail sections of the track the signal circuit will be closed as soon as the car or train enters a block; will remain closed for a short interval-of time if the entered block be clear, and will remain closed a longer length of time if there is a train, car. or locomotive already in the entered block, the length of the interval of time during which the signal is ener gized serving to warn the engineer as to the condition of the block being entered.
With such objects in view, and others which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention comprises various novel features of construction and arrangement'of parts which will be set forth with particularity in the following descriptionand claims appended hereto.
In the accom anying drawings, which illustrate one em odlment of the invention and wherein similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the views, Figures 1 to 5 inclusive are diagrammatic views of the adjacent ends of two blocks of a track with the train shown successively in progressive positions in leaving'on'e block side view of a locomotive tender with the trucks insulated from each other.
' Referring to the drawings, A and B designate the adjacent ends of two contiguous blocks, the line of separation of one block from the other being at the point 1, where the track. rails are insulated. One of the rails has insulated rail sections a, a, b, b, and the other rail has insulated rail sections a", b, which lie respectively opposite the rail sections a and b. The rail sections a and b are bridged by conductors a and b which connect respectively the sections a and b with the main sections of the track rail. A track constructed in this manner is suitable for trailic on which trains travel, in
,motive, car or train, and in the operation of the system it is essential that twosets of wheels and axles 2 and 3 of the car, train or locomotive T be insulated from each other.. The tender 6 of the locomotive, Fig. 7, may have its front axles and wheels insulated from the rear axles and wheels by insulating the trucks at the points 4 from the body of the tender. Any car of a train or any self-propelled car may have its'axles insulated in the manner indicated.
The axles 2 and 3 are connected with wires 5 and 6, respectively, which lead to a source of current 7, and an electro-ma-gnet 8, which latter are connected in series. As long as a train or car is in the main part of a block,
current flows from the battery 7 through the these changes being explained hereinafter.
The electro-magnet operates on an armature 9 which is pulled away from the electromagnet by a spring 10, and connected with the armature is a ratchet pawl 11 that engages a ratchet wheel 12 which is connected with an indicator disk or circuit closer actuator 13. On this disk are projections 14 which are adapted to engage and disengage a spring or movable contact 15 which is adapted to engage a fixed contact 16 of a signal circuit, such signal circuit including wires 17 and 18, a source of current 19, and a bell or equivalent signal 20. On the disk or wheel 13 are alternate white and red spots 21 and 22 which are exposed to the the magnet circuit from the battery 7, magnet 8, wire 6, axle 3, track rail 0", axle 2, wire 5 and battery 7. As soon as the axle 2 passes the insulated joint 23, the current will flow through the same circuit and through the rail 1* in addition. When the axles 2 and 3 are at the insulated joints 24 of the rails, as shown in Fig. 2, the electromagnet 8 is energized by current flowing from the battery 7, magnet 8, wire 6, axle 3,
- bridging wire a rail 1", axle a: of the rear car, rail 1-, axle 2, wire 5 and battery 7. As the train progresses the circuit is changed but the current continues to flow through the electro-magnet 8 from the battery 5, magnet 8, wire 6, axle 3, rail sections a and a, axle 2 and wire 5, but when the train begins to enter the block B, the magnet or rail 8 is denergized by the axles 2 and 3 when they are at opposite sides of the insulated joint 25, Fig. 3. This deenergizing of the electro-magnet 8 permits the armature to move to the right, and through the pawl and ratchet device 11 and 12 the indicator wheel 13 is turned one step, thereby closing the signal circuit so that the bell or v 9, but movement of the pawl 11 to the left has no rota-tive effect on the indicator wheel 13, so that it will remain in position to maintain the signal circuit closed. When, however, the axle 3 passes the insulated rail joints at 26, the signal circuit will be opened if the block B be clear, or will remain closed if there is a train in such block, as indicated at T, Fig. 4. If no train occupies block B, the electro-magnet 8 would be deenergized and the armature 9 and wheel 13 would 'move to the dotted line position, Fig. 4,
whereby the signal circuit will be opened, and as soon as the insulation 26 is passed by the axle 2, the electro-magnet 8 is energized so as to restore the armature and pawl without, however, moving the wheel 13.
wire 6, axle 3, rail-section b, bridging wire 6 rail section b, axle 2, wire 5, and battery 7, and even after the axle 2 passes the insulation 26, the magnet 8 will remain energized, so that there is no chance of the wheel 13 turning and the signal circuit opening at the contacts 15 and 16. If the train T continues to move along block A at a reduced speed, the signal will continue to ring until .the train T moves out of they block if it does not have the right of way.
From the foregoing description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, the advantages of the construction and method of operation will be readily understood by those skilled in the art to which the invention appertains, and while I havedescribed the principle of operation, together with the apparatus which I now consider to be the best embodiment thereof, I desire to have it understood that the apparatus shown is merely illustrative and that such changes may be made when desired as fall within the scope of the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, 1
' claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:
1 In a signal system of the class described, a track divided into blocks, both rails of the track having insulated breaks opposite each other at the juncture of adjacent blocks, and both rails of a block except at the ends being continuous conductors of current, one rail at the entrance end of each block having a section insulated from the main portion of the rail, the other rail having at its entrance end'an end section opposite to and of the same length as the firstmentioned section, and also having an inner section insulated at its ends from said end section and the main portion of the rail, and
-a conductor bridging said inner section and connecting the end section with the main portion of the rail.
2 In a signal system of the class descrlbed, a track divided into blocks, both rails of the track having insulated breaks opposite each other at the juncture of adj acent blocks and both rails of a block except at the ends being continuous conductors of current, one rail at'the entrance end of each block having a section insulated from the main portion of the rail, the other rail having at its entrance end an end section opposite to and of the same length as the firstmentioned section, and also having an inner section insulated at its ends from said end section and the main portion of the rail, and a conductor bridging said inner section and connecting the end section with the main portion of the rail, with a vehicle having a pair of elements insulated from each other and adapted to run on the track rails, a circuit connected with the elements and including a source of current and an electrical I at the ends being continuous conductors of current, one rail at the entrance end of each bbck having a section insulated from the main portion of the rail, the other rail having at its entrance end an end section oppo; site to and of the same length as the firstmentioned section, and also having an inner section insulated at its ends from said end section and the main portion of the rail, and a conductor bridging said inner section and connecting the end section with the main portion of the rail, with a Vehicle having a pair of elements insulated from each other and arranged to run on the trackrails, a circuit connected with the elements and including a source of current and an electromagnet, a normally open signal circuit, and
same length-as the first-mentioned section,
and also having an inner section insulated at its ends from said end section and the main portion of the rail, and a conductor bridging said inner section and connecting the end section with the main portion of the rail, with a vehicle having elements insulated from each other and adapted to run on the track rails, a circuit connected with the elements and including a source of current, and a current responsive means, said circuit being closed while the train passes through a block, and opened when the elements are respectively at the entrance and leaving ends of adjacent blocks, and a signal means con trolled by the electrical means, whereby a signal is given when a train enters a block and remains operative for a short period if the entered block be clear and for a longer period if the entered block be occupied by another train.
5. In a signal system of the class described,
a track divided into blocks, both rails of the track having insulated breaks opposite each other at the juncture of adjacent blocks, and both rails of a block except at the ends being continuous conductors of current, one rail at the entrance end of each block having-a section insulated from the main portion of the rail, the other rail having at its entrance end an end section opposite to and of the same length as the first-mentioned section, and also having an inner section insulated at its ends from said end section and the main portion of the'rail, and a conductor bridging said inner section and connecting the end section with the main portion of the rail, with a vehicle having elements insulated from each other and adapted to run-on the track rails, a circuit connected with. the elements and including a source of current, and a current responsive means, said circuit being closed While the train passes through a block, and opened when the elements are res ectively at the entrance and leaving ends 0 adjacent blocks, and a signal means controlled by the electrical means, whereby a signal is given when a train enters a block and remains operative for a short period if the entered block be clear and for a longer period if the entered block be occupied by another train, said signal means comprising a signal, a normally open circuit for the signal, and a mechanical device operated by the electrical means .for opening and closing the signal circuit.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing Witnesses.
ROBERT CAMM SUTPHIN.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4854529A (en) * 1987-04-10 1989-08-08 Tsubakimoto Chain Co. Vehicle control system having two trackside signal lines

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4854529A (en) * 1987-04-10 1989-08-08 Tsubakimoto Chain Co. Vehicle control system having two trackside signal lines

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