US1194471A - Combihatiob - Google Patents

Combihatiob Download PDF

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Publication number
US1194471A
US1194471A US1194471DA US1194471A US 1194471 A US1194471 A US 1194471A US 1194471D A US1194471D A US 1194471DA US 1194471 A US1194471 A US 1194471A
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handle
wrench
cylindrical
seen
referring
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B13/00Spanners; Wrenches
    • B25B13/46Spanners; Wrenches of the ratchet type, for providing a free return stroke of the handle
    • B25B13/461Spanners; Wrenches of the ratchet type, for providing a free return stroke of the handle with concentric driving and driven member
    • B25B13/462Spanners; Wrenches of the ratchet type, for providing a free return stroke of the handle with concentric driving and driven member the ratchet parts engaging in a direction radial to the tool operating axis
    • B25B13/463Spanners; Wrenches of the ratchet type, for providing a free return stroke of the handle with concentric driving and driven member the ratchet parts engaging in a direction radial to the tool operating axis a pawl engaging an externally toothed wheel

Description

s. A. BOOS INGER. COMBINATION RATCHET WRENCH. imwucmou men mm: I. 1915.
1 1%,4fi1. Patented Aug. 15, 1916.
(imam/tow S. RBoosinger SAMUEL A. BOOSINGER, 0F YOU NGSTOXVN, OHIO.
COMBINATION nArcnnr-wnnncn.
Application filed June 1, 1916.
To all whom it may concern Be it knownthat 1, SAMUEL A. BoosrNenn, a citizen of the United States, residing at Youngstown, in the county of Mahoning and State of Ohio, have'invented certain new and useful Improvements in Combination Ratchet-lVrenches, of which the following is a specification.
The present invention has for its object to provide a ratchet wrench of simple construction, designed and adapted for the screwing on and unscrewing of nuts and burs.
A further object of the invention is to provide a combination wrench whereby a rotary cylindrical body portion having a square central opening extending through it, designed to receive a nut or bur, this r0 tary cylindrical body being interchangeable with a body formed the same with the eXception of having a hexagonal center opening to engage nuts and burs of that particular type.
The further object of this invention consists in the construction, arrangement, and combination of the various parts whereby the objects contemplated are attained as hereinafter more fully set forth, pointed out in the claims and illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which Figure 1 is a plan or top view of the wrench. Fig. 2 is a side view of the wrench. Fig. 3 is a detail view of the same. Fig. 4 is a detail view showing the interchangeable rotary cylindrical body of wrench. Fig. 5 is a detail view. Fig. 6 is a detail view. Fig. 7 is an underplan view of supporting plate.
Similar reference characters are employed to designate corresponding parts throughout the views.
Referring to the drawings, 1 designates the handle of the wrench. 1t will be seen that the handle 1 is formed with a concaved surface at the end 2 of the handle, which provides a support for the outer circular rims 8 formed on the cylindrical body portion 4. See Figs. 3 and 4.
It will be seen by referring to Figs. 4 and 7 that when the supporting plates 5 are placed in position on the sides of the handle 1, the inturned curved flange 6 will fit into the circular groove 7 and engage the walls of the same. In operating the wrench it will be seen that the inturned curved flange 6 will slide in the groove 7 of the cylindrical Specification of Letters Patent.
rateateana is," rare.
Serial No. 101,042.
body portion 4 when the handle 1 is oscillated. These supporting plates 5 are firmly held in position by bolts 8 which pass through holes 9 of the supporting plate and the holes 10 of the handle 1. See Figs. 3 and 7.
By referring to Figs. 3 and 7 it will clearly be seen that the cylindrical body portion 4 of the wrench is provided upon its circumference within the rims 3 with teeth.
It will be seen by referring to Fig. 3 that the handle portion 2 is provided with a slot 12 centrally located inthis portion of the handle. l/Vithin this slot is a spring 13 which engages with a pawl 14, this pawl in turn engaging with teeth 11.
By referring to Figs. 5 and 6 it will be seen that the spring 13 has been formed at one end with va cone-shaped portion 15, which engages in a cup shaped indentation 16 in the end of the pawl 14, thereby reducing the friction of the surfaces of the pawl by keeping the pawl centrally located in the channel formed by the walls of the slot 12 and the plates 5.
It will be seen by referring to Fig. 2 that there is an extended face 17 of the cylindrical body portion 4. By means of this extended face portion 17 the handle 1 may be operated when turning a bur ofi or on, allowing space for the operator to move the handle. In order to substitute one cylindrical body portion provided with a square or a hexagonal center opening it is merely necessary to loosen the supporting plates 5 by removing the bolts 8 and make the desired change.
It will be seen by referring to Fig. 3 that the wrench is to be inverted when it is desired to change the direction of the cylindrical body portion 4 in removing or putting on burs. Thus the movement is reversed by the operator simply turning the wrench so that the opposite side is placed upon the nut, whereupon the nut may be turned in the opposite direction by oscillating movement imparted to the end of the handle 1.
What 1 claim is:
1. In a tool of the class described comprising a handle, a concave surface at base of same, a ratchet wheel and supporting plates, engaging rims on the circumference of the ratchet wheel, a slot, a spiral spring provided at one end with a cone-shaped portion, a pawl with a cup shaped indentation engaging the spring and ratchet teeth located Within extended rims of the ratchet wheel,
said ratchet wheel provided with grooves near the edge in the faces of said wheel, an inturned circular flange formed in the supporting plates to engage in said grooves of the ratchet Wheel provided With an opening shaped to engage a bur or nut.
2. In a tool of the class described, a cylindrical body portion, provided at its center With an opening to engage a nut or bur, a handle, a concave portion of the base of the handle engaging outer rims on said cylinder, and teeth formed Within said outer rims, supporting plates provided with an inturned Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. C.
US1194471D Combihatiob Expired - Lifetime US1194471A (en)

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Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2486700A (en) * 1946-01-09 1949-11-01 Howard F Barlow Pivoted pawl ratchet wrench with quickly-detachable handle
US2508604A (en) * 1945-03-31 1950-05-23 John J Greer Ratchet wrench
US3504579A (en) * 1967-11-02 1970-04-07 Dwayne L Harlan Open end ratchet wrench
US6282992B1 (en) * 2000-02-03 2001-09-04 Bobby Hu Biasing arrangement for a pawl of a reversible ratchet-type wrench
US6382051B1 (en) * 2001-09-05 2002-05-07 Chih-Min Chang Ratchet wrench
US6431031B1 (en) 1999-12-16 2002-08-13 Bobby Hu Reversible ratcheting tool with a smaller head
US6450066B1 (en) 2001-10-19 2002-09-17 Bobby Hu Head of a wrench handle
US6453779B2 (en) 2000-07-21 2002-09-24 Bobby Hu Positioning device for a switch member of a reversible ratchet-type wrench
US6457387B1 (en) 2000-01-11 2002-10-01 Bobby Hu Reversible ratcheting tool with a smaller head and improved driving torque
US6457389B1 (en) 2000-08-22 2002-10-01 Bobby Hu Switching arrangement for a reversible ratchet type wrench
US6520051B1 (en) 2001-12-27 2003-02-18 Bobby Hu Head of a wrench handle
US6539825B1 (en) 2001-09-20 2003-04-01 Yen-Wen Lin Single direction ratcheting wrench with stuck prevention and ratcheting direction indication
US6568299B2 (en) 1999-12-16 2003-05-27 Bobby Hu Reversible ratcheting tool with a smaller head
US6644148B2 (en) 2002-02-08 2003-11-11 Bobby Hu Reversible ratchet-type wrench
US6647832B2 (en) 2001-07-27 2003-11-18 Bobby Hu Wrench having two rigid supporting areas for a pawl
US6666112B2 (en) 2000-09-01 2003-12-23 Bobby Hu Switching arrangement for a reversible ratchet type wrench
US6666117B2 (en) 2001-07-13 2003-12-23 Bobby Hu Wrench with a fixed maximum operational torque
US6722234B2 (en) 2001-05-14 2004-04-20 Bobby Hu Easy-to-operate and easy-to-assemble ratcheting-type wrench
US6732614B2 (en) 2001-02-19 2004-05-11 Bobby Hu Easy-to-manufacture and easy-to-assemble ratcheting-type wrench
US6745647B2 (en) 2000-11-29 2004-06-08 Mei-Chen Wang Wrench having a universal-joint ratchet wheel
US6758641B2 (en) 2001-07-13 2004-07-06 Bobby Hu Method for manufacturing a ratchet type ring spanner having a larger cavity for receiving a larger pawl
US6807882B2 (en) 2001-05-07 2004-10-26 Bobby Hu Wrench with a simplified structure
US6945141B2 (en) 2002-04-22 2005-09-20 Bobby Hu Reversible ratchet type wrench
US6955104B2 (en) 2000-03-13 2005-10-18 Bobby Hu Reversible ratcheting tool with a smaller head
US6971286B2 (en) 2002-07-22 2005-12-06 Bobby Hu Ratcheting wrench with quick tightening/loosening functions and fine adjusting functions
US7017453B2 (en) 2001-10-17 2006-03-28 Bobby Hu Reversible ratchet-type wrench
US7178429B2 (en) 2002-08-05 2007-02-20 Yen-Wen Lin Easy-to-assemble ratcheting tool
USRE43286E1 (en) 1999-08-03 2012-04-03 Bobby Hu Ratchet wheel with asymmetric arcuate concave teeth or non-arcuate concave teeth ratcheting tools with such ratchet wheel and combination of such ratchet wheel and a pawl

Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2508604A (en) * 1945-03-31 1950-05-23 John J Greer Ratchet wrench
US2486700A (en) * 1946-01-09 1949-11-01 Howard F Barlow Pivoted pawl ratchet wrench with quickly-detachable handle
US3504579A (en) * 1967-11-02 1970-04-07 Dwayne L Harlan Open end ratchet wrench
USRE43286E1 (en) 1999-08-03 2012-04-03 Bobby Hu Ratchet wheel with asymmetric arcuate concave teeth or non-arcuate concave teeth ratcheting tools with such ratchet wheel and combination of such ratchet wheel and a pawl
US6431031B1 (en) 1999-12-16 2002-08-13 Bobby Hu Reversible ratcheting tool with a smaller head
US6568299B2 (en) 1999-12-16 2003-05-27 Bobby Hu Reversible ratcheting tool with a smaller head
US7234372B2 (en) 2000-01-11 2007-06-26 Bobby Hu Reversible ratcheting tool with a smaller head and improved driving torque
US20040055423A1 (en) * 2000-01-11 2004-03-25 Bobby Hu Reversible ratcheting tool with a smaller head and improved driving torque
US6457387B1 (en) 2000-01-11 2002-10-01 Bobby Hu Reversible ratcheting tool with a smaller head and improved driving torque
US6282992B1 (en) * 2000-02-03 2001-09-04 Bobby Hu Biasing arrangement for a pawl of a reversible ratchet-type wrench
US7237460B2 (en) 2000-02-03 2007-07-03 Bobby Hu Biasing arrangement for a pawl of a reversible ratchet-type wrench
US20040139823A1 (en) * 2000-02-03 2004-07-22 Bobby Hu Biasing arrangement for a pawl of a reversible ratchet-type wrench
US6955104B2 (en) 2000-03-13 2005-10-18 Bobby Hu Reversible ratcheting tool with a smaller head
US6453779B2 (en) 2000-07-21 2002-09-24 Bobby Hu Positioning device for a switch member of a reversible ratchet-type wrench
US6457389B1 (en) 2000-08-22 2002-10-01 Bobby Hu Switching arrangement for a reversible ratchet type wrench
US6666112B2 (en) 2000-09-01 2003-12-23 Bobby Hu Switching arrangement for a reversible ratchet type wrench
US6745647B2 (en) 2000-11-29 2004-06-08 Mei-Chen Wang Wrench having a universal-joint ratchet wheel
US6732614B2 (en) 2001-02-19 2004-05-11 Bobby Hu Easy-to-manufacture and easy-to-assemble ratcheting-type wrench
US6807882B2 (en) 2001-05-07 2004-10-26 Bobby Hu Wrench with a simplified structure
US6722234B2 (en) 2001-05-14 2004-04-20 Bobby Hu Easy-to-operate and easy-to-assemble ratcheting-type wrench
US6758641B2 (en) 2001-07-13 2004-07-06 Bobby Hu Method for manufacturing a ratchet type ring spanner having a larger cavity for receiving a larger pawl
US6666117B2 (en) 2001-07-13 2003-12-23 Bobby Hu Wrench with a fixed maximum operational torque
US6647832B2 (en) 2001-07-27 2003-11-18 Bobby Hu Wrench having two rigid supporting areas for a pawl
US6382051B1 (en) * 2001-09-05 2002-05-07 Chih-Min Chang Ratchet wrench
US6539825B1 (en) 2001-09-20 2003-04-01 Yen-Wen Lin Single direction ratcheting wrench with stuck prevention and ratcheting direction indication
US7017453B2 (en) 2001-10-17 2006-03-28 Bobby Hu Reversible ratchet-type wrench
US6450066B1 (en) 2001-10-19 2002-09-17 Bobby Hu Head of a wrench handle
US6520051B1 (en) 2001-12-27 2003-02-18 Bobby Hu Head of a wrench handle
US6644148B2 (en) 2002-02-08 2003-11-11 Bobby Hu Reversible ratchet-type wrench
US6945141B2 (en) 2002-04-22 2005-09-20 Bobby Hu Reversible ratchet type wrench
US7032478B2 (en) 2002-07-22 2006-04-25 Bobby Hu Ratcheting wrench with quick tightening/loosening functions and fine adjusting functions
US6971286B2 (en) 2002-07-22 2005-12-06 Bobby Hu Ratcheting wrench with quick tightening/loosening functions and fine adjusting functions
US7178429B2 (en) 2002-08-05 2007-02-20 Yen-Wen Lin Easy-to-assemble ratcheting tool

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