US1188721A - Pipe-wrench. - Google Patents

Pipe-wrench. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1188721A
US1188721A US2604315A US2604315A US1188721A US 1188721 A US1188721 A US 1188721A US 2604315 A US2604315 A US 2604315A US 2604315 A US2604315 A US 2604315A US 1188721 A US1188721 A US 1188721A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
shank
relatively movable
casing
movable jaw
wrench
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US2604315A
Inventor
Frank Bittner
Original Assignee
Frank Bittner
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Frank Bittner filed Critical Frank Bittner
Priority to US2604315A priority Critical patent/US1188721A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1188721A publication Critical patent/US1188721A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B13/00Spanners; Wrenches
    • B25B13/44Spanners; Wrenches of the chuck type
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S81/00Tools
    • Y10S81/06Spring means biasing wrench jaws

Description

F. BITTNER.

PIPE WRENCH.

APPLICATION FILED MAY 5, 1915.

F, B i il'nem.

FRANK BITTNER, OIE MOSINEE, WISCONSIN.

PIPE-WRENCH.

Application filed May 5, 1915.

To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, FRANK BITTNER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Mosinee, in the county of Marathon and State of WVisconsin, have invented certain new and useful .Improvements in PipeiVrenches; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact descrip tion of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.

My invention relates to improvement of pipe wrenches of that type, comprising a shank, provided at one end with a handle and at its opposite end with a relatively stationary jaw, a relatively movable jaw, and means for operating and controlling the relatively movable jaw.

One object of my invention is the provision of a wrench of the above stated character wherein the relatively movable jaw is pivotally secured to the shank, and wherein the shank is provided with a spring pressed pin adapted to move the relatively movable jaw into and yieldably hold it in open position.

A further object of my invention is the provision of a pipe wrench of the above stated character, wherein the relatively movable jaw operating and controlling means comprises a casing that embraces the main shank, and the shank of the relatively movable jaw. The shank of the relatively movable jaw has an inclined edge that co5perates with the inclined wall of the casing so that when the casing is moved in one direction the relatively movable jaw is moved into and held in closed or tight engaging position and, when the casing is moved in a reverse direction, the relatively movable jaw is free to be moved into and yieldably held in opened position by the spring pressed pin.

A further object of my invention is the provision of novel means by which the easing may be operated.

A still further object of the invention is the provision of a pipe wrench of the above stated character which shall be simple, durable, efficient and which can be manufactured and sold at a comparatively low cost.

lVith the above and other objects in view, the invention consists in the construction, combination, and arrangement of parts, hereinafter fully described and claimed, and illustrated. in the accompanying drawings wherein Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented June 27, 1916.

Serial No. 26,043.

Figure 1 is a side elevation partly in section of apipe wrench constructed in accordance with my inventioii, Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the wrench on a reduced scale, and Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken on the plane indicated by the line 3-3 of Fig. 1 looking in the direction indicated by the arrows.

Referring to the drawings by reference numerals, 1 designates the shank of a pipe wrench constructed in accordance with my invention. The shank 1 is preferably rectangular in cross section and is provided at one end with a handle and at its opposite end with a relatively stationary jaw 3. The jaw 3 extends in a downward and outward direction from theshank and has a convex upper side which is serrated as at 4 to provide a gripping face. The side of the shank 1 is provided with a pair of relatively spaced lugs 5, to and between-which is pivotally secured by means of a pin 6, the inner end of the shank 7 The shank 7 carries at its .outer free end a relatively movable jaw 8 which extends downwardly and outwardly from the shank. The jaw S has a concave under side which is serrated as at 9 to provide a gripping face that cooperates with the active face of the jaw 3 to secure effective gripping action upon a pipe. The shank 1 is provided with .a screw thread 7 adjacent the handle and adapted to receive an adjusting nut 9 which is provided with a circular groove 10 adjacent one end thereof, for the purpose of receiving the reduced end of the casing which will be here inafter described.

A casing 11 is substantially triangular in outline and adapted to embrace the relatively movable jaw 8 and the shank 1. The upper wall 12 of. the casing 11 is inclined upwardly to cooperate with the inclined edge of the relatively movable jaw 8. The reduced end of the casing 11 is provided with an inwardly extending lug 13 which engages the groove 10 of the adjusting nut 9" so as to move the casing longitudinally of the shank 1 as desired, limiting the outward movement of the relatively movable jaw 8.

The shank 1 is recessed as indicated at 13 to receive a spring pressed pin 14: which normally engages the notch 15 on the under side of the relatively movable jaw 8 and presses said relatively movable jaw-8 into engagement with the inclined wall 12 of the casing 11 providing a wrench of self-spreading jaw type.

The casing 14 is provided with cut out portions 16 in the top and bottom walls thereof, providing finger openings so that the operator can at any time grip the jaws 3 and S for the purpose of releasing the relatively movable jaw 8, if it accidentally becomes lodged within the casingll and will not respond to the pressure of the springpressed pin 14.

It can be seen from the foregoing description that a pipe Wrench has been constructed that'is capable of being held within the left hand of the operator by the handle 2 and by rotating the adjusting nut 9 in the right hand will cause the casing 11 to travel longitudinally of the shank 1, limiting the outward movement of the relatively movable jaw, 8, at any desired position, ready to receive pipes of various sizes between the active faces of the jaws 3 and 8.

Having thus described my invention what I claim is A pipe wrench comprising a shank having a stationary jaw formed on one end and a handle on the opposite end thereof, a pair of spaced lugs formed on the upper edge of the shank, a movable shank pivotally secured between said lugs and provided with its upper edge inclined upwardly to a point approximately opposite one end of said stationary shank, a downwardly extended jaw formed on the free end of said movable shank, a substantially triangularcasing slidably mounted on the stationary shank, said casing having its upper wall inclined upolined edge of the movable shank, said stationary shank provided with a recess in the upper edge adjacent the outer. end thereof, a coil spring positioned within said recess, a pin positioned within said recess and adapted to rest upon said coil spring and to bear against the under side of the movable shank normally maintaining said movable shank in engagement with the upwardly inclined wall of the casing.

In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in presence of two witnesses. p f

FRANK BITTNER. \Vitnesses BRAYTON E. SMITH,

LEON WV. DAVIS.

, Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,

Washington, D. 0.

'wardly to conform with the upwardly inv

US2604315A 1915-05-05 1915-05-05 Pipe-wrench. Expired - Lifetime US1188721A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2604315A US1188721A (en) 1915-05-05 1915-05-05 Pipe-wrench.

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2604315A US1188721A (en) 1915-05-05 1915-05-05 Pipe-wrench.

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US1188721A true US1188721A (en) 1916-06-27

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US2604315A Expired - Lifetime US1188721A (en) 1915-05-05 1915-05-05 Pipe-wrench.

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Cited By (49)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20180168577A1 (en) * 2016-12-21 2018-06-21 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Axially movable closure system arrangements for applying closure motions to jaws of surgical instruments
US10413294B2 (en) 2012-06-28 2019-09-17 Ethicon Llc Shaft assembly arrangements for surgical instruments
US10426471B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2019-10-01 Ethicon Llc Surgical instrument with multiple failure response modes
US10433840B2 (en) 2016-04-18 2019-10-08 Ethicon Llc Surgical instrument comprising a replaceable cartridge jaw
US10448950B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2019-10-22 Ethicon Llc Surgical staplers with independently actuatable closing and firing systems
US10448952B2 (en) 2006-09-29 2019-10-22 Ethicon Llc End effector for use with a surgical fastening instrument
US10463372B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2019-11-05 Ethicon Llc Staple cartridge comprising multiple regions
US10463384B2 (en) 2006-01-31 2019-11-05 Ethicon Llc Stapling assembly
US10485547B2 (en) 2004-07-28 2019-11-26 Ethicon Llc Surgical staple cartridges
US10485543B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2019-11-26 Ethicon Llc Anvil having a knife slot width
US10485539B2 (en) 2006-01-31 2019-11-26 Ethicon Llc Surgical instrument with firing lockout
US10485546B2 (en) 2011-05-27 2019-11-26 Ethicon Llc Robotically-driven surgical assembly
US10492785B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2019-12-03 Ethicon Llc Shaft assembly comprising a lockout
US10492783B2 (en) 2016-04-15 2019-12-03 Ethicon, Llc Surgical instrument with improved stop/start control during a firing motion
USD869655S1 (en) 2017-06-28 2019-12-10 Ethicon Llc Surgical fastener cartridge
US10499914B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2019-12-10 Ethicon Llc Staple forming pocket arrangements
US10517590B2 (en) 2007-01-10 2019-12-31 Ethicon Llc Powered surgical instrument having a transmission system
US10524790B2 (en) 2011-05-27 2020-01-07 Ethicon Llc Robotically-controlled surgical stapling devices that produce formed staples having different lengths
US10524787B2 (en) 2015-03-06 2020-01-07 Ethicon Llc Powered surgical instrument with parameter-based firing rate
US10531887B2 (en) 2015-03-06 2020-01-14 Ethicon Llc Powered surgical instrument including speed display
US10537325B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2020-01-21 Ethicon Llc Staple forming pocket arrangement to accommodate different types of staples
US10542974B2 (en) 2008-02-14 2020-01-28 Ethicon Llc Surgical instrument including a control system
US10548600B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2020-02-04 Ethicon Llc Multiple thickness implantable layers for surgical stapling devices
US10548504B2 (en) 2015-03-06 2020-02-04 Ethicon Llc Overlaid multi sensor radio frequency (RF) electrode system to measure tissue compression
US10561422B2 (en) 2014-04-16 2020-02-18 Ethicon Llc Fastener cartridge comprising deployable tissue engaging members
US10568626B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2020-02-25 Ethicon Llc Surgical instruments with jaw opening features for increasing a jaw opening distance
US10568625B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2020-02-25 Ethicon Llc Staple cartridges and arrangements of staples and staple cavities therein
US10575868B2 (en) 2013-03-01 2020-03-03 Ethicon Llc Surgical instrument with coupler assembly
US10588633B2 (en) 2017-06-28 2020-03-17 Ethicon Llc Surgical instruments with open and closable jaws and axially movable firing member that is initially parked in close proximity to the jaws prior to firing
US10588632B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2020-03-17 Ethicon Llc Surgical end effectors and firing members thereof
US10588626B2 (en) 2014-03-26 2020-03-17 Ethicon Llc Surgical instrument displaying subsequent step of use
US10588625B2 (en) 2016-02-09 2020-03-17 Ethicon Llc Articulatable surgical instruments with off-axis firing beam arrangements
US10595882B2 (en) 2017-06-20 2020-03-24 Ethicon Llc Methods for closed loop control of motor velocity of a surgical stapling and cutting instrument
USD879808S1 (en) 2017-06-20 2020-03-31 Ethicon Llc Display panel with graphical user interface
US10603039B2 (en) 2015-09-30 2020-03-31 Ethicon Llc Progressively releasable implantable adjunct for use with a surgical stapling instrument
USD879809S1 (en) 2017-06-20 2020-03-31 Ethicon Llc Display panel with changeable graphical user interface
US10617420B2 (en) 2011-05-27 2020-04-14 Ethicon Llc Surgical system comprising drive systems
US10617413B2 (en) 2016-04-01 2020-04-14 Ethicon Llc Closure system arrangements for surgical cutting and stapling devices with separate and distinct firing shafts
US10617417B2 (en) 2014-11-06 2020-04-14 Ethicon Llc Staple cartridge comprising a releasable adjunct material
US10617418B2 (en) 2015-08-17 2020-04-14 Ethicon Llc Implantable layers for a surgical instrument
US10617412B2 (en) 2015-03-06 2020-04-14 Ethicon Llc System for detecting the mis-insertion of a staple cartridge into a surgical stapler
US10617416B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2020-04-14 Ethicon Llc Control systems for surgical instruments
US10624633B2 (en) 2017-06-20 2020-04-21 Ethicon Llc Systems and methods for controlling motor velocity of a surgical stapling and cutting instrument
US10624861B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2020-04-21 Ethicon Llc Tissue thickness compensator configured to redistribute compressive forces
US10631859B2 (en) 2017-06-27 2020-04-28 Ethicon Llc Articulation systems for surgical instruments
US10639036B2 (en) 2008-02-14 2020-05-05 Ethicon Llc Robotically-controlled motorized surgical cutting and fastening instrument
US10639115B2 (en) 2012-06-28 2020-05-05 Ethicon Llc Surgical end effectors having angled tissue-contacting surfaces
US10646220B2 (en) 2017-06-20 2020-05-12 Ethicon Llc Systems and methods for controlling displacement member velocity for a surgical instrument
US10653435B2 (en) 2017-08-31 2020-05-19 Ethicon Llc Motor-driven surgical cutting and fastening instrument with tactile position feedback

Cited By (67)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US10568629B2 (en) 2004-07-28 2020-02-25 Ethicon Llc Articulating surgical stapling instrument
US10485547B2 (en) 2004-07-28 2019-11-26 Ethicon Llc Surgical staple cartridges
US10485539B2 (en) 2006-01-31 2019-11-26 Ethicon Llc Surgical instrument with firing lockout
US10463384B2 (en) 2006-01-31 2019-11-05 Ethicon Llc Stapling assembly
US10448952B2 (en) 2006-09-29 2019-10-22 Ethicon Llc End effector for use with a surgical fastening instrument
US10595862B2 (en) 2006-09-29 2020-03-24 Ethicon Llc Staple cartridge including a compressible member
US10517590B2 (en) 2007-01-10 2019-12-31 Ethicon Llc Powered surgical instrument having a transmission system
US10542974B2 (en) 2008-02-14 2020-01-28 Ethicon Llc Surgical instrument including a control system
US10639036B2 (en) 2008-02-14 2020-05-05 Ethicon Llc Robotically-controlled motorized surgical cutting and fastening instrument
US10463372B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2019-11-05 Ethicon Llc Staple cartridge comprising multiple regions
US10624861B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2020-04-21 Ethicon Llc Tissue thickness compensator configured to redistribute compressive forces
US10548600B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2020-02-04 Ethicon Llc Multiple thickness implantable layers for surgical stapling devices
US10617420B2 (en) 2011-05-27 2020-04-14 Ethicon Llc Surgical system comprising drive systems
US10524790B2 (en) 2011-05-27 2020-01-07 Ethicon Llc Robotically-controlled surgical stapling devices that produce formed staples having different lengths
US10485546B2 (en) 2011-05-27 2019-11-26 Ethicon Llc Robotically-driven surgical assembly
US10413294B2 (en) 2012-06-28 2019-09-17 Ethicon Llc Shaft assembly arrangements for surgical instruments
US10639115B2 (en) 2012-06-28 2020-05-05 Ethicon Llc Surgical end effectors having angled tissue-contacting surfaces
US10575868B2 (en) 2013-03-01 2020-03-03 Ethicon Llc Surgical instrument with coupler assembly
US10617416B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2020-04-14 Ethicon Llc Control systems for surgical instruments
US10660640B2 (en) 2013-12-20 2020-05-26 Ethicon Llc Motorized surgical cutting and fastening instrument
US10588626B2 (en) 2014-03-26 2020-03-17 Ethicon Llc Surgical instrument displaying subsequent step of use
US10561422B2 (en) 2014-04-16 2020-02-18 Ethicon Llc Fastener cartridge comprising deployable tissue engaging members
US10617417B2 (en) 2014-11-06 2020-04-14 Ethicon Llc Staple cartridge comprising a releasable adjunct material
US10617412B2 (en) 2015-03-06 2020-04-14 Ethicon Llc System for detecting the mis-insertion of a staple cartridge into a surgical stapler
US10531887B2 (en) 2015-03-06 2020-01-14 Ethicon Llc Powered surgical instrument including speed display
US10524787B2 (en) 2015-03-06 2020-01-07 Ethicon Llc Powered surgical instrument with parameter-based firing rate
US10548504B2 (en) 2015-03-06 2020-02-04 Ethicon Llc Overlaid multi sensor radio frequency (RF) electrode system to measure tissue compression
US10617418B2 (en) 2015-08-17 2020-04-14 Ethicon Llc Implantable layers for a surgical instrument
US10603039B2 (en) 2015-09-30 2020-03-31 Ethicon Llc Progressively releasable implantable adjunct for use with a surgical stapling instrument
US10588625B2 (en) 2016-02-09 2020-03-17 Ethicon Llc Articulatable surgical instruments with off-axis firing beam arrangements
US10617413B2 (en) 2016-04-01 2020-04-14 Ethicon Llc Closure system arrangements for surgical cutting and stapling devices with separate and distinct firing shafts
US10492783B2 (en) 2016-04-15 2019-12-03 Ethicon, Llc Surgical instrument with improved stop/start control during a firing motion
US10433840B2 (en) 2016-04-18 2019-10-08 Ethicon Llc Surgical instrument comprising a replaceable cartridge jaw
US10624635B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2020-04-21 Ethicon Llc Firing members with non-parallel jaw engagement features for surgical end effectors
US10582928B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2020-03-10 Ethicon Llc Articulation lock arrangements for locking an end effector in an articulated position in response to actuation of a jaw closure system
US10588630B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2020-03-17 Ethicon Llc Surgical tool assemblies with closure stroke reduction features
US10639034B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2020-05-05 Ethicon Llc Surgical instruments with lockout arrangements for preventing firing system actuation unless an unspent staple cartridge is present
US10588631B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2020-03-17 Ethicon Llc Surgical instruments with positive jaw opening features
US10588632B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2020-03-17 Ethicon Llc Surgical end effectors and firing members thereof
US10499914B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2019-12-10 Ethicon Llc Staple forming pocket arrangements
US10517595B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2019-12-31 Ethicon Llc Jaw actuated lock arrangements for preventing advancement of a firing member in a surgical end effector unless an unfired cartridge is installed in the end effector
US10426471B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2019-10-01 Ethicon Llc Surgical instrument with multiple failure response modes
US10639035B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2020-05-05 Ethicon Llc Surgical stapling instruments and replaceable tool assemblies thereof
US10568625B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2020-02-25 Ethicon Llc Staple cartridges and arrangements of staples and staple cavities therein
US10517596B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2019-12-31 Ethicon Llc Articulatable surgical instruments with articulation stroke amplification features
US10603036B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2020-03-31 Ethicon Llc Articulatable surgical instrument with independent pivotable linkage distal of an articulation lock
US10448950B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2019-10-22 Ethicon Llc Surgical staplers with independently actuatable closing and firing systems
US10610224B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2020-04-07 Ethicon Llc Lockout arrangements for surgical end effectors and replaceable tool assemblies
US10568626B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2020-02-25 Ethicon Llc Surgical instruments with jaw opening features for increasing a jaw opening distance
US10568624B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2020-02-25 Ethicon Llc Surgical instruments with jaws that are pivotable about a fixed axis and include separate and distinct closure and firing systems
US10485543B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2019-11-26 Ethicon Llc Anvil having a knife slot width
US10524789B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2020-01-07 Ethicon Llc Laterally actuatable articulation lock arrangements for locking an end effector of a surgical instrument in an articulated configuration
US10542982B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2020-01-28 Ethicon Llc Shaft assembly comprising first and second articulation lockouts
US10492785B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2019-12-03 Ethicon Llc Shaft assembly comprising a lockout
US10617414B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2020-04-14 Ethicon Llc Closure member arrangements for surgical instruments
US10537325B2 (en) 2016-12-21 2020-01-21 Ethicon Llc Staple forming pocket arrangement to accommodate different types of staples
US20180168577A1 (en) * 2016-12-21 2018-06-21 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Axially movable closure system arrangements for applying closure motions to jaws of surgical instruments
US10624633B2 (en) 2017-06-20 2020-04-21 Ethicon Llc Systems and methods for controlling motor velocity of a surgical stapling and cutting instrument
USD879809S1 (en) 2017-06-20 2020-03-31 Ethicon Llc Display panel with changeable graphical user interface
US10595882B2 (en) 2017-06-20 2020-03-24 Ethicon Llc Methods for closed loop control of motor velocity of a surgical stapling and cutting instrument
US10646220B2 (en) 2017-06-20 2020-05-12 Ethicon Llc Systems and methods for controlling displacement member velocity for a surgical instrument
USD879808S1 (en) 2017-06-20 2020-03-31 Ethicon Llc Display panel with graphical user interface
US10631859B2 (en) 2017-06-27 2020-04-28 Ethicon Llc Articulation systems for surgical instruments
US10639037B2 (en) 2017-06-28 2020-05-05 Ethicon Llc Surgical instrument with axially movable closure member
USD869655S1 (en) 2017-06-28 2019-12-10 Ethicon Llc Surgical fastener cartridge
US10588633B2 (en) 2017-06-28 2020-03-17 Ethicon Llc Surgical instruments with open and closable jaws and axially movable firing member that is initially parked in close proximity to the jaws prior to firing
US10653435B2 (en) 2017-08-31 2020-05-19 Ethicon Llc Motor-driven surgical cutting and fastening instrument with tactile position feedback

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