US1171191A - Building-block. - Google Patents

Building-block. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1171191A
US1171191A US4669715A US1171191A US 1171191 A US1171191 A US 1171191A US 4669715 A US4669715 A US 4669715A US 1171191 A US1171191 A US 1171191A
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Prior art keywords
block
building
wall
groove
tongue
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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William J Gronert
William C Reid
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William J Gronert
William C Reid
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • E04B2/16Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position
    • E04B2/18Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position by interlocking of projections or inserts with indentations, e.g. of tongues, grooves, dovetails

Description

W. J. G'RONERT & W. C. REID.

BUILDING BLOCK. APPLICATION FILED AUG.2I. I915.

Patented Feb. 8, 1916.

WITNESSES: "Wm/r005 Wg'ZZZW/J J Gromfif Wzza'am (3. Reid A TTORNEYS wiLLIAM. Jjononnn'r AND WILLIAM c. REID, or ELKHART, INDIANA.

BUILDING-BLOCK.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Application filed August 21, 1915. Serial No. 46,697.

To all whom it mag concern:

Be it known that we, WILLIAM J. GRONERT and WILLIAM. C, REID, citizens of the United States, and residents of Elkhart, in the county of Elkhart and State of Indiana, have inventedan Improvement in Building- Blocks, of which the following is a specification.

This invention is an improvement in building material and has particular reference to a new and novel construction of plastic block.

An object of the invention is the provision of a block which isso constructed with tongue and groove fittings that-a wall may be erected and perfectly alined without the necessity of employing a skilled mason.

Another object 1s to provide a block hav ing vertical openings connected by longitu-' dinal grooves adapted to have cement or other like material poured therelnto whereby to form a continuous monolithic wall thus on the securely bonding each block with those surrounding it, said wall having on each side thereof a plurality of horizontal air spaces which adequately protect against moisture.

A further object is the provision of a building block of this character which is simple in construction, and easy to manufacture.

The inventive idea involved is capable of receiving a variety of mechanical expressions, one of which,'for the purpose of illustrating the invention, is shown in the accompanying drawing, in which Fi re 1 is a top plan view of one of the building blocks constructed in accordance with the invention. Fig. 2 isa fragmentary longitudinal section taken through'a completed wall. Fig. 3 is a transverse section line 3-3 of Fig. 1. Fig. ,31 is a perspective view of two of the blocks showing their respective locations when building a wall.

Referring more companying drawing, in which like reference charactersindicate similar parts, the numeral 5 indicates a block or unit which is ;made of any suitable material and preferably of substantially rectangular formation.

One end of the block'is provided centrally thereof with a groove 6 while the other end" particularly to the ad is provided with a tongue 7 ,said groove and tongue being preferably made substantially semi-circular, but it is to be expressly understood that, the same may be of angular formation. tongue 6 and 7 the body portion is provided 1n the bottom thereof with a similar groove 8 and at the top thereof with a tongue 9. The tongues and grooves are provided respectively with small central grooves 10 and 11 which form a channel completely around the block, for a purpose which will appear in the course of the description. The'body portion 5 is also provided centrally thereof with a plurality of vertically arranged openings 12 which communicate with the groove Patented Feb.8,1916.

Connecting the groove and 8 above described and extend through the groove 9 and which are adapted to have cement or other bonding material poured thereinto when a wall is being constructed.

The top of the body portion is provided on each side of the tongue 9 with the longitudinally extending channels 13 which provide air spaces connecting with the vertical air spaces and are also adapted to receive wire insulation therein. The block is also provided on each side of the central groove and tongues 8 and 9 with a plurality of large vertical openings 14 and small openings 15 which form air spaces for the purpose of protecting the wall against dampness and other injurious effects.

In practice, a wall is constructed by superimposing one layer of blocks upon another andarrangmg each block in staggered relation so that the vertical openings 12, 1 1 and,

15 adjacent one end of one block will register with those in the opposite end of the superimposed block as shown in Fig. 1. It will be readily seen from the tongue and groove formation that the blocks may be easily laid and alined by an ordinary laborer thus obviating the necessity of employing a skilled mason. After laying any desired number of blocks, in the manner just described, cement or other material is poured into the large openings 12 and as these alined openings are filled up the concrete spreads through thecommunicating longitudinal grooves 10 and 11 into adjacent vertical openings 12 so that when the layers of block are entirely filled there will be formed a central, continuous, monolithic cement and smaller communicating grooves which Wall, as shown in Fig. 2, which Will not only extend around the entire body portion, the w effectively reinforce the Wall but also ex latter being also providedwith communiclude moisture. eating vertical openings and longitudinal 5 What is claimed is: channels arranged on each side of said A building block comprising a body portongues and grooves and forming air spaces. tion provided with alined tongues and WILLIAM J. GRONERT.

grooves in the ends, top and bottom thereof VVILJLIAM C. REID.

US1171191A 1915-08-21 1915-08-21 Building-block. Expired - Lifetime US1171191A (en)

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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2498276A (en) * 1946-03-27 1950-02-21 James P Kany Building block
US2534580A (en) * 1945-10-18 1950-12-19 Edwards Hayden Reinforced building construction
US2558630A (en) * 1946-02-19 1951-06-26 John H Stewart Building block
US2687034A (en) * 1950-08-08 1954-08-24 Blanc Samuel Interlocking building unit and hollow wall construction
US2736188A (en) * 1956-02-28 Wilhelm
US3410044A (en) * 1965-07-23 1968-11-12 Contemporary Walls Ltd Foamed plastic based construction elements
US4319440A (en) * 1979-10-11 1982-03-16 Rassias John N Building blocks, wall structures made therefrom and methods of making the same
US4887403A (en) * 1988-06-17 1989-12-19 Bonner David W Internally indexed building block and method of construction
US5465541A (en) * 1994-03-09 1995-11-14 Lin; Yi-Chung Building construction of longitudinal and cross hollow components
US6467287B2 (en) 2000-08-15 2002-10-22 Thermo King Corporation Valve arrangement for a compressor
US20040118056A1 (en) * 2002-12-24 2004-06-24 Peters Andrew J. Wedge-lock building blocks
US20040237445A1 (en) * 2003-01-31 2004-12-02 Kliethermes John C. Materials and methods for constructing a block wall
US20060059839A1 (en) * 2004-09-14 2006-03-23 Azar Mortarless Building Systems, Inc. Interlocking block
US20060156673A1 (en) * 2003-07-24 2006-07-20 Mituo Nakamura Block for constructions, panel for construction using the block, and method of forming panel for construction
US20080134616A1 (en) * 2006-12-08 2008-06-12 Craven Joseph H Building Blocks and Wall Assembly Utilizing Same
US20080148661A1 (en) * 2006-12-22 2008-06-26 Belsley Dale J Masonry block wall system
US20080216438A1 (en) * 2005-08-30 2008-09-11 Staffan Schager Building Construction Element of Wood
US20100095628A1 (en) * 2006-12-22 2010-04-22 Belsley Dale J Wall system
US20110277414A1 (en) * 2010-05-13 2011-11-17 Chien-Hua Huang Prefabricated wall/floor panel
US20140230357A1 (en) * 2013-02-15 2014-08-21 Andrew Kovitch Interlocking block construction system

Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2736188A (en) * 1956-02-28 Wilhelm
US2534580A (en) * 1945-10-18 1950-12-19 Edwards Hayden Reinforced building construction
US2558630A (en) * 1946-02-19 1951-06-26 John H Stewart Building block
US2498276A (en) * 1946-03-27 1950-02-21 James P Kany Building block
US2687034A (en) * 1950-08-08 1954-08-24 Blanc Samuel Interlocking building unit and hollow wall construction
US3410044A (en) * 1965-07-23 1968-11-12 Contemporary Walls Ltd Foamed plastic based construction elements
US4319440A (en) * 1979-10-11 1982-03-16 Rassias John N Building blocks, wall structures made therefrom and methods of making the same
US4887403A (en) * 1988-06-17 1989-12-19 Bonner David W Internally indexed building block and method of construction
US5465541A (en) * 1994-03-09 1995-11-14 Lin; Yi-Chung Building construction of longitudinal and cross hollow components
US6467287B2 (en) 2000-08-15 2002-10-22 Thermo King Corporation Valve arrangement for a compressor
US20040118056A1 (en) * 2002-12-24 2004-06-24 Peters Andrew J. Wedge-lock building blocks
US7108577B2 (en) 2002-12-24 2006-09-19 Peters Andrew J Wedge-lock building blocks
US20080184648A1 (en) * 2003-01-31 2008-08-07 Kliethermes John C Materials and methods for constructing a block wall
US20040237445A1 (en) * 2003-01-31 2004-12-02 Kliethermes John C. Materials and methods for constructing a block wall
US20100313513A1 (en) * 2003-01-31 2010-12-16 Kliethermes John C Materials and methods for constructing a block wall
US20060156673A1 (en) * 2003-07-24 2006-07-20 Mituo Nakamura Block for constructions, panel for construction using the block, and method of forming panel for construction
US20080148676A1 (en) * 2004-09-14 2008-06-26 Azar Mortarless Building Systems, Inc. Interlocking Block
US7665269B2 (en) 2004-09-14 2010-02-23 Azar Mortarless Building Systems, Inc. Interlocking block
US20060059839A1 (en) * 2004-09-14 2006-03-23 Azar Mortarless Building Systems, Inc. Interlocking block
US20080216438A1 (en) * 2005-08-30 2008-09-11 Staffan Schager Building Construction Element of Wood
US20080134616A1 (en) * 2006-12-08 2008-06-12 Craven Joseph H Building Blocks and Wall Assembly Utilizing Same
US7882674B2 (en) * 2006-12-08 2011-02-08 Craven Joseph H Building blocks and wall assembly utilizing same
US20080148661A1 (en) * 2006-12-22 2008-06-26 Belsley Dale J Masonry block wall system
US20100095628A1 (en) * 2006-12-22 2010-04-22 Belsley Dale J Wall system
US20110277414A1 (en) * 2010-05-13 2011-11-17 Chien-Hua Huang Prefabricated wall/floor panel
US8266862B2 (en) * 2010-05-13 2012-09-18 Chien-Hua Huang Prefabricated wall/floor panel
US20140230357A1 (en) * 2013-02-15 2014-08-21 Andrew Kovitch Interlocking block construction system
US9416534B2 (en) * 2013-02-15 2016-08-16 Andrew Kovitch Interlocking block construction system

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