US1138474A - Type-writing machine. - Google Patents

Type-writing machine. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1138474A
US1138474A US82558314A US1914825583A US1138474A US 1138474 A US1138474 A US 1138474A US 82558314 A US82558314 A US 82558314A US 1914825583 A US1914825583 A US 1914825583A US 1138474 A US1138474 A US 1138474A
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Prior art keywords
keys
groups
key
rows
operator
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US82558314A
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Fritz Heidner
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Fritz Heidner
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/02Input arrangements using manually operated switches, e.g. using keyboards or dials
    • G06F3/0202Constructional details or processes of manufacture of the input device
    • G06F3/0219Special purpose keyboards
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H2217/00Facilitation of operation; Human engineering
    • H01H2217/028Facilitation of operation; Human engineering on planes with different or alterable inclination, e.g. convex plane

Description

F. HE'IDNER.
TYPE WRITING MAGHINE. Y APPLICATION FILED, MAR. 18,1914.
Patented May 1, 1915. l
5 {I 3/:F oooooo i d5booo o0o000 =Q@00000" QOOOOOm%fiOOOO0O' Q QQOQ i 000000 FRITZ HEIDNER, OF FREIBURG, GERMANY.
'ri'rnavnrrine MACHINE.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented May d, 1915.
Application filed March 18, 1514. Serial No. 825,583.
To all whom. it may concern.
Be it known that I, Fnrrz HEIoNER, a subject of the German Emperor, and residing at Freiburg, Baden, German Empire, ha\e invented certain new and useful Improvements in Type-\Vriting Machines, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to improvements in the keyboards and key levers of typewriting machines, my object being to enable the operator to obtain a better View of the keys and to write with greater ease, in a less cramped position than ordinarily. \Vith this objectin view I divide the keyboard into halves and locate the two groups of keys thus formed in such manner that the forearms of the operator in the normal position for writing, instead of converging as is usual, lie substantially parallel with each other. In order to adapt the key lovers to the above form of keyboard, I so dispose them that they are directed at a certain angle to the rows of ascending keys.
My invention is illustrated diagrammati- *ally in the accompanying drawing, in which- Figure 1 is aplan of a keyboard showingone manner of disposal of the keys and theirlevers. Fig. iis a plan of a similar keyboard, provided with two shift and two spacing keys, accommodated in the space between the two groups of keys. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the keyboard shown in Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is a like view to Fig. 1, showing a. modified arrangement of the keys and their levers. Figs. 5 and (3 are like views illustrating two further modifica tions. I
heferring more'particularly to Figs. 1 and 3, the keys 1 are positioned in hori zontaland vertical rows, and are divided into two groups separated. by a space 2 of such width that when the operator applies 1 his fingers to thekeys in writing on these called ten digit system, his forearms lie substantially parallel with each other. The shift key 3, which maybe of bar or other. form, is located on the center line 51-5 drawn through the gap liietween the tWO. groups of keys 1, adjacent to the usual spacing key so that it may be conveniently operated by the thumbs. or, if desired, as shown in l ig. 2, each group may be provided with its own shift key 3 and spacing key at, located in the gap 2.
' The novel arrangement of the keys is of great advantage from a hygienic point of View, as the forearms have no longer to be held in a more or less constrained position against the body, but remain perfectly free, so that the chest can be normally expanded. Moreover, owing to the parallel disposition of the forearms, the hands have not to be twisted outward to the same extent as formerly has been the case, and there being thus much less strain upon the abducent muscles, writing is rendered considerably.
-particularly adapted therefor. v It will be seen from the above that this invention is particularly favorable to the ten digit system of writing, which is not only the most practical and economical method, but also the only correct one from the hygienic point of view. The vacant space between two groups of keys also greatly facilitates mounting of the spacing mechanism in the center of the machine, which mechanically regaided is the most satisfactory method.
The new mode of disposing the keys dcmands extension and lateral deviation of the lever mechanism. This-may be conveniently provided for by directing the parallel key levers (i of each group at ai-ei'tain angle to the rows of ascending keys, so that they converge in the direction toward the printing point. By suitable selection of the angle of inclination of the levers (3 the danger of collision of the latter may be cil'cctivelyobviated even in the case of keys disposed, as
- shown in Fig. 1, in vertical rows. Such an arrangement also permits of the banks of keys being relatively low, so that the entire keyboard may be made considerably iiatter thanfordinarily, whereby a charer view of the keys is obtained.
In the modification shown in Fig. e the two groups of keys 1, instead of being located parallel with each other, as depicted in Fig. 1, are placed at an angle to the center line The key levers u, even if they were to follow the line of the rows of ascending keys would converge to a certain extent, but they may naturally be directed at any desired angle to such rows. Such conver ence of the key groups further facilitates ()POIHUJII of the keys by the fingers in their natural position in the extended axis of the forearm. It may also be possible, by suitable selection of the angle of inclination of the key groups, to diminish somewhat the width of the gap 2 between the same, with out sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention.
In order that the keys may be disposed in accordance with the natural form of the hand, that is to say, lengths of the fingers, the transverse rows, of the two key groups may run in curves, as shown in Fig. 5. It is obvious that in this case also thekey groups may be located at an angle to the center line 55, for instance as indicated in Fig. 6. In the latter figure separate shift and spacing keys 3, 4", are shown for each key group immediately in front of the space 2, on each side of the center line 55.
It is manifest that although I have only described the invention with respect to a so-called normal keyboard, with shift key, it is equally ap )licablc to full keyboards, without any shif t keys; and it is also clear that the keys need not ascend in a right line from bank to bank, as shown in the drawing, but may be disposed in the more usual manner, in which the keys of the one bank are more or less staggered relatively. to those of the next.
WVhat I claim as new is- '1. In a typewriter keyboard, two groups of keys separated from each other by a space of such width that the forearms of the operator lie substantially parallel with each other, the transverse rows of keys of each group running in the form of curves whose concavity is on the side next the operator.
2. In a typewriter keyboard, two groups of keys separated from each other by a space of such width that the forearms of the operator lie substantially parallel with each other, the transverse rows of keys of each group running in the form of a curve whose concavity is on the side next to the operator, in combination with parallel levers for the keys directed at an angle to the rows of keys.
3. In a typewriter key board, two groups of keys separated from each other, the two groups of keys being opposite the hands of an operator when the operators arms are extended parallel from his sides, the said keys being arranged in concentrically curved rows and parallel straight rows from the front to the rear of the said key board.
l. In a typewriter key board, two groups of keys separated from each other, the two groups of keys being opposite the hands of an operator when the operators arms are extended parallel from his sides, the said keys being arranged in concentrically curved rows and parallel straight 'rows from the front to the rear of the said key board, and parallel obliquely extending groups of key levers connected to the keys.
In testimony whereof I afiix my signature in presence 0 two witnesses.
. FRITZ HEIDNER.
Witnesses:
ARNOLD ZUBER, PHILIP HOLLAND.
US82558314A 1914-03-18 1914-03-18 Type-writing machine. Expired - Lifetime US1138474A (en)

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE755645C (en) * 1936-12-19 1956-04-26 Hollerith Maschinen Ges M B H Syllable typewriter
US3698532A (en) * 1969-08-21 1972-10-17 Irvine Dodds Keyboard for a typewriter
US3990565A (en) * 1974-08-14 1976-11-09 Warren Felton Remote control bifurcated typewriter keyboard (Universal input matrix switch)
WO1985003035A1 (en) * 1984-01-16 1985-07-18 Roy Jeremy Lahr Splittable keyboard for word processing, typing and other information input systems
US4579470A (en) * 1984-04-11 1986-04-01 Cullen Casey Keyboard with keys concentrated in clusters
US4597681A (en) * 1983-12-15 1986-07-01 Hodges Anthony N Adjustable keyboard
WO1987006883A1 (en) * 1986-05-13 1987-11-19 Anthony Neal Hodges Adjustable keyboard
US4761522A (en) * 1986-10-06 1988-08-02 Allen Donald E Finger operated switching apparatus
US4769516A (en) * 1986-10-06 1988-09-06 Allen Donald E Finger operated switching apparatus
WO1992014612A1 (en) * 1991-02-21 1992-09-03 Typeright Keyboard Corp. Ergonomic keyboard apparatus and method of using same
WO1993007738A2 (en) * 1991-10-23 1993-04-29 John Mensick Ergonomically improved standard keyboard
US5302040A (en) * 1991-02-21 1994-04-12 Typerite Keyboard Corporation Ergonomic keyboard apparatus and method of using same
US5339097A (en) * 1986-10-21 1994-08-16 Grant Alan H Computer keyboard
US5416498A (en) * 1986-10-21 1995-05-16 Ergonomics, Inc. Prehensile positioning computer keyboard
US5454652A (en) * 1993-11-12 1995-10-03 Lexmark International, Inc. Adjustable keyboard
US5660488A (en) * 1993-04-29 1997-08-26 Miller; Timothy M. Ergonomically condensed QWERTY keyboard

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE755645C (en) * 1936-12-19 1956-04-26 Hollerith Maschinen Ges M B H Syllable typewriter
US3698532A (en) * 1969-08-21 1972-10-17 Irvine Dodds Keyboard for a typewriter
US3990565A (en) * 1974-08-14 1976-11-09 Warren Felton Remote control bifurcated typewriter keyboard (Universal input matrix switch)
US4597681A (en) * 1983-12-15 1986-07-01 Hodges Anthony N Adjustable keyboard
WO1985003035A1 (en) * 1984-01-16 1985-07-18 Roy Jeremy Lahr Splittable keyboard for word processing, typing and other information input systems
US4661005A (en) * 1984-01-16 1987-04-28 Creative Associates Spittable keyboard for word processing, typing and other information input systems
US4579470A (en) * 1984-04-11 1986-04-01 Cullen Casey Keyboard with keys concentrated in clusters
WO1987006883A1 (en) * 1986-05-13 1987-11-19 Anthony Neal Hodges Adjustable keyboard
US4761522A (en) * 1986-10-06 1988-08-02 Allen Donald E Finger operated switching apparatus
US4769516A (en) * 1986-10-06 1988-09-06 Allen Donald E Finger operated switching apparatus
US5339097A (en) * 1986-10-21 1994-08-16 Grant Alan H Computer keyboard
US5416498A (en) * 1986-10-21 1995-05-16 Ergonomics, Inc. Prehensile positioning computer keyboard
WO1992014612A1 (en) * 1991-02-21 1992-09-03 Typeright Keyboard Corp. Ergonomic keyboard apparatus and method of using same
US5302040A (en) * 1991-02-21 1994-04-12 Typerite Keyboard Corporation Ergonomic keyboard apparatus and method of using same
WO1993007738A2 (en) * 1991-10-23 1993-04-29 John Mensick Ergonomically improved standard keyboard
WO1993007738A3 (en) * 1991-10-23 1993-05-27 John Mensick Ergonomically improved standard keyboard
US5660488A (en) * 1993-04-29 1997-08-26 Miller; Timothy M. Ergonomically condensed QWERTY keyboard
US5454652A (en) * 1993-11-12 1995-10-03 Lexmark International, Inc. Adjustable keyboard

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