US1121930A - Metal keg or cask. - Google Patents

Metal keg or cask. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1121930A
US1121930A US81935314A US1914819353A US1121930A US 1121930 A US1121930 A US 1121930A US 81935314 A US81935314 A US 81935314A US 1914819353 A US1914819353 A US 1914819353A US 1121930 A US1121930 A US 1121930A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
spring
cask
tongues
stave
sheathing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US81935314A
Inventor
Lewis V Mather
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ENAMELED STEEL PACKAGE Corp
Original Assignee
ENAMELED STEEL PACKAGE CORP
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by ENAMELED STEEL PACKAGE CORP filed Critical ENAMELED STEEL PACKAGE CORP
Priority to US81935314A priority Critical patent/US1121930A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1121930A publication Critical patent/US1121930A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D7/00Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of metal
    • B65D7/02Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of metal characterised by shape
    • B65D7/04Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of metal characterised by shape of curved cross-section, e.g. cans of circular or elliptical cross-section
    • B65D7/045Casks, barrels, or drums in their entirety, e.g. beer barrels, i.e. presenting most of the following features like rolling beads, double walls, reinforcing and supporting beads for end walls
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S220/00Receptacles
    • Y10S220/01Beer barrels

Description

Lv. MATHBRV METAL KBGYOR GASK. AIFLICATION'FILBD FEB. 18, 191 4.
Patented 1360.22, 1914.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
/lflllmlulllllll mvEnToR.
L. V. MATHBR. METAL me QRGASK. y APPLICATION PILE-D PEBJia, 1914. v
Patented Dec. 22, 1914.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.4
IHVEPITOR Wm N IQTTORHEY WITNESSESA v UNITED saberes PATENT carica LEWIS v. or @essere requiem essreuoa aY 'MESSE ASSIGNMENTS, so ENAMEL@ smart eoaroaarIoN. 4or Avoir, NEW Yoan, .A @ernaar-P191 or NEW WEK- mnrar KEG on cAsK.
Specigcation of Letters latent. Patnted Dgo, 22, 1914.
agpunauon'aiearebruary 1s, 1914. serial No. 819,353.
To aZZ whom t may concern.; 7 v Be it known that I, LEwIsfV. MATHER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Detroit, county of Wayne, State of Michigan, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Metal Kegsor Casks, and
'declare the following to be a full, clear, and
exact description of the same, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it pertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification.
This invention relates to kegs or casks and has for its object a cask in which the hoops and the head rings are applied to the shell in an improved manner.4
This invention is intended as an improvement over the invention shown 'in the pat ent of Messrs. Heutteman, Cramer, Veideman, and Schaum, No. 1,086,826 of Febru@ ary 10, 1914.v y
This invention consists essentially in the utilization of spring tongues on the shell or staves of the cask which spring out and lock with the hoops and the. head rings whenthe latter have been slipped into place.
In the drawings,-Figu're 1, is a fragmentary View of a caskpartly in section. Fig. 2, is al fragmentary perspective of one of the stave-sheaths that form the outer shell. Fig. 3, is a fragmentary view of a modified form of Cask shown partly in section. Fig. 4, is a fragmentary perspective of the stavesheath. Fig. 5, is al fragmentary View of.
the stave-sheath showing the spring tongue attached to the stave. Fig. 6, is a detail in perspective of the spring tongue.
The caslr consists of heat-insulating filler 'material a packed about the inner container 7) and an outer shell c.
wardly-directed corrugation j. These corrugations form recesses into which the spring tongues 7c arel adapted to lspring when the hoops and caps have been thrust upon the stavesheaths and into position. These spring tongues lc are for-medjby cutting out a portion 4 of `the stave on three sides leaving one .sideas a hlnglng. axis. This cut-out portion is then drawn into cup-form by forcing the middle of .the cut-out portion inward beyond the surface of the stavesheath. After the stave-sheath has been ,assembled over the filler material., which is of a compressed nature, the filler material by lts springy action always tends to throw the spring tongue outward. When 'the hoo s and the vhead rings are forced over tiie staves the spring .tongues are temporarily pressed into the filler material, but when the 'hoops and' head rings have .been vforced far enough upon gthe staves t0 bring the ,re
cesses formed by the annular corrugations adjacentv the tongues, the tongues spring into the recesses formed by the annular corrugations and permanently lock the hoops and the-head rings in position.
In Figs. 3 to @inclusive I haveishown a modified form in-j'which a separate plate Z 1s used as a spring tongue. This plate Z is a curved plate, as shown in Fig. 6. It is provided with a pair of struck-out ears m. The depression a is made in the surface of the stave by a suitable die, but the lugs o are cut out of the metal forming this depression and are left almost flush with t-he main surface of the stave at the topl of the depression. These lugs o are adapted to be bent over the ears m of the spring plate (see Fig. 5) to .hold the plate in place. The spring plate or tongue Z is slipped into the depression and the ears m will register with the lugs o. The ears and the lugs canv be omitted and the spring plate spot-welded to t-he stave-sheath. The original 'curvature of the plate tends to throw the spring tongue out as shown in Fig. 3. However, f inasmuch as the plate and the spring tongue Z are made of thin metal, when the hoops and the caprings are forced upon the staves th'ef spring tongue or-plate Z are tem? porarily forced into the depression n,- until. the hoops and the head rings have been forced far enough on the stave-sheaths to bring the annular recesses adjacent the spring plates, whereupon the spring tongue or plates Z will immediately spring out and engage in the annular recesses. This permanently locks the hoops and the cap rings has the advantage of being both permanentand `being invisible in thev Completed Cask.
Referring to the spring tongues in the' claims, the term is used in a broad sense `to include not only a tongue such as le but also plates such as Zand any other projecting element which would properly come within the designation.
7What I claim is:
1. .A Cask, having in combination, a container, filler material thereabout,` an outer sheathing about the filler material and having metallic portions provided with hinged tongues that by reason of .their hinging action may be pressed from a position of projection with respect to the. outer sheath ing to a position interior ofthe outer surface of the outer sheathing, and a ring or band member for fitting over the outer sheathing and provided with an inwardly opening recesswhereby the band may be slipped over the outer sheathing and the hinged tongues which are temporarily pressed out .of projecting relation with respectto the sheathing to allow/'the said ring or band to pass over them and which subsequently spring back into the recess of the band or ring to lock the same tothe sheathing.
2. A cask, having in combination, a container, filler ymaterial thereabout,an outer lsheathing inclosingthe liller material and provided with a plurality of tongues, each of which is fixed at one edge with respect to the sheathing and which is free at all the other edges, the said tongues being arranged to normally project from the face of the sheathing, but being capable of being forced below the surface of the sheathing, and a band or ring itting over the outer sheathing and having an inwardly opening recess into which the tongues spring When the recess is brought into registry with the same.
Y In testimony whereof, I sign this specifi.
cation in the presence of two witnesses.
LEWIS V. MATHER.
lVitnesses :,v
STUART C. BARNEs, VIRGINIA C. SPRATT.
US81935314A 1914-02-18 1914-02-18 Metal keg or cask. Expired - Lifetime US1121930A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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US81935314A US1121930A (en) 1914-02-18 1914-02-18 Metal keg or cask.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US81935314A US1121930A (en) 1914-02-18 1914-02-18 Metal keg or cask.

Publications (1)

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US1121930A true US1121930A (en) 1914-12-22

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US81935314A Expired - Lifetime US1121930A (en) 1914-02-18 1914-02-18 Metal keg or cask.

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5303836A (en) * 1993-07-21 1994-04-19 The Babcock & Wilcox Company Shipping container for highly enriched uranium

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5303836A (en) * 1993-07-21 1994-04-19 The Babcock & Wilcox Company Shipping container for highly enriched uranium

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