US1103555A - Wood wind instrument. - Google Patents

Wood wind instrument. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1103555A
US1103555A US751444A US1913751444A US1103555A US 1103555 A US1103555 A US 1103555A US 751444 A US751444 A US 751444A US 1913751444 A US1913751444 A US 1913751444A US 1103555 A US1103555 A US 1103555A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
openings
sleeve
pipe
valves
wind instrument
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US751444A
Inventor
Nicholas Alberti
Original Assignee
Nicholas Alberti
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US64244711A priority Critical patent/US1103462A/en
Application filed by Nicholas Alberti filed Critical Nicholas Alberti
Priority to US751444A priority patent/US1103555A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1103555A publication Critical patent/US1103555A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D9/00Details of, or accessories for, wind musical instruments
    • G10D9/01Tuning devices

Description

N. ALBERTI.

' WOOD WIND INSTRUMENT.

APPLICATION r IIIII AR.1.. 1913.

1,103,555. Patented July 14,1914,

INVENTOR 5 NICHOLAS ALBERTI, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.

WOOD WIND INSTRUMENT;

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented July 14, 1914.

Original application filed August 5, 1911, Serial No. 642,447. Divided and this. application filed March 1,

. provide means for simultaneously changing the pitch of the notes produced by the opening of the different valves.

A further object of my invention is to provide a device which is comparatively simple in its construction for accomplishing the first-named objects, and which is not liable to get out of order.

Other objects and advantages will appear in the following specification, and the novel features of the invention will be particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

My invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings forming part of this application in which- Figure 1 is a plan view of the device, Fig. 2 is a plan view of the inner tube, the end piece being removed and Fig. 3 is a detail view showing the relative positions of the openings in the sleeve and the inner tube.

In explanation of the purpose of the device, I may say that there is in use in this country and in others what is known as concert pitch and international pitch, the latter being approximately one-half tone lower than the former. Many times musicians are obliged to make use of both of these pitches, or they are compelled to transpose the music, which is a very difficult thing to do, and can only be done after one becomes an expert. It is customary with some musicians tohave instruments of different pitch, but this is expensive and necessitates the carrying of an extra instrument.

My purpose as stated above, is to provide a device which may be quickly changed by a semitone.

This application is a division of a prior application, #642,447, filed August 5, 1911.

Referring now to Fig. 2 I have shown a Serial No. 751,444.

mouth piece A secured to the end member A of an inner tube or sounding pipe B. The latter is provided with a series of openings b the distance between these openings representing a half tone. Near the end mem ber A the tube B is provided with four small openings Z), the distance between these openings also corresponding to a half tone.

A sleeve D is provided with openings d which are made progressively longer from the end nearest the mouth piece to the opposite end and which are arranged to register with the openings in the tube or sounding pipe B when the parts are in the position shown in Fig. 1. On the opposite end of the tube B from the end member A is secured an end member C as shown in Fig. 3. The tube B. is provided with a longitudinal guide slot 6 in which a guide pin d carried by the sleeve D projects to guide the sleeve in its movement on the tube. The openings (Z in the sleeve D are covered by valves V which are arranged to be operated in any suitable manner. In the drawing I have shown only part of these valves, but it will be understood that each of the openings (Z in the sleeve D is to be covered by a valve. Two smaller valves V are intended to cover the four small openings 1) in the tube B as will be hereinafter explained. It will be noted that there is only one set of valves for this instrument, and that this one set of valves serves for operating the instrument in either pitch.

From the foregoing description of the various parts of the device the operation thereof may be readily understood.

If it is desired to vary the pitch by half a tone the sleeve D is moved relatively to the tube or pipe B so that the openings in the sleeve D now register with the openings adjacent to those with which they formerly registered. This will result in the changing of the pitch of all of the notes of the instrument half a tone. The first and second small valves V (counting from the left end of Fig. 1) will cover the first and third small holes 6* respectively, in the normal position of the sleeve D. In the shifted position of the sleeve D these valves will cover the second and fourth openings respectively.

It will be apparent that only one set of valves is necessary since all of the valves are shifted simultaneously. The mechanism is simple and is not likely to get out of order like those instruments in which one set of valves are put into or out of commission and a new set of valves is used.

While I have shown my invention as applied to a flute, it will be obvious that it is equally applicable to a reed instrument such as a clarinet in which the different tones are produced by covering or uncovering openings in the sounding pipe. I therefore do not consider the invention limited to a flute, but consider it is applicable to any device in which the tones are produced by uncovering and covering the openings in the sounding pipe.

I claim:

1. In a Wood wind instrument, a soundingpipe provided with a single set of openings, the distance between the openings corresponding to a semitone, a sleeve mounted on said sounding pipe and having a single set of valve openings arranged to register with some of the openings in said pipe, a single set of valves arranged to close the valve openings in said sleeve, said sleeve being movable longitudinally of said pipe, the movement of said sleeve serving to bring each valve into registration With the opening in the pipe adjacent to that with which it first registered.

2. In a wood wind instrument, a sounding pipe provided with a single set of openings, the distance between the openings corresponding to a semitone, a sleeve mounted on said sounding pipe and having a single set of valve openings arranged to register with some of the openings in said pipe, a singl set of valves arranged to close the valve-openings in said sleeve, said sleeve being movable longitudinally of said pipe, the movement of said sleeve serving to bring each valve into registration with the opening in the pipe adjacent to that with which it first registered, and means for guiding the sleeve in its movement, said means comprising a pin carried by the sleeve and arranged to extend in a slot in the pipe.

3. In a wood wind instrument, a sounding pipe provided with a single set of openings, the distance between the openings corresponding to a semitone, a sleeve mounted on said pipe and having a single set of valve openings arranged to register with some of the openings in said pipe, a single set of valves or keys arranged to close the valve openings in said sleeve, said sleeve being movable on said pipe in a longitudinal direction, the movement of said sleeve serving to vary the registration of all the openings in the sleeve with the openings in the said pipe so that when the sleeve is moved toward the mouth piece its valve openings will register with openings of the said pipe that will be a half tone higher than when the said sleeve is moved and set in its position away from the mouth piece.

4. In a wood wind instrument, a sounding pipe provided with a single set of openings, the distance between said openings being progressively greater from one end of the pipe to the other, said distance between the openings corresponding to a semitone, a sleeve mounted on said sounding pipe and having a single set of openings of progressively greater length and arranged to register with some of the openings in said pipe, a single set of valves to close the openings in said sleeve, said sleeve being movable longitudinally of said pipe, to bring each valve into registration with the opening adjacent to that with which it is registered.

NICHOLAS ALBERTI.

Vvitnesses:

JosnrH MienroNroo, ALFREDO MANTINI.

Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents. Washington, I). O.

US751444A 1911-08-05 1913-03-01 Wood wind instrument. Expired - Lifetime US1103555A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US64244711A US1103462A (en) 1911-08-05 1911-08-05 Wood wind instrument.
US751444A US1103555A (en) 1911-08-05 1913-03-01 Wood wind instrument.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US751444A US1103555A (en) 1911-08-05 1913-03-01 Wood wind instrument.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1103555A true US1103555A (en) 1914-07-14

Family

ID=3171750

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US751444A Expired - Lifetime US1103555A (en) 1911-08-05 1913-03-01 Wood wind instrument.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1103555A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2806399A (en) * 1951-01-05 1957-09-17 Bantar Inc Wind musical instrument with helical frequency determining means
US5291817A (en) * 1993-01-12 1994-03-08 Mobile Music, Inc. Adjustable barrel tuning apparatus for use with a woodwind musical instrument

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2806399A (en) * 1951-01-05 1957-09-17 Bantar Inc Wind musical instrument with helical frequency determining means
US5291817A (en) * 1993-01-12 1994-03-08 Mobile Music, Inc. Adjustable barrel tuning apparatus for use with a woodwind musical instrument

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5574238A (en) Musical notation for keyboard instruments
US4183279A (en) Variable chord-forming capo
US4078468A (en) Apparatus for extending a lower range of a stringed musical instrument
US8314318B2 (en) Unified octave/register key and vent for musical wind instruments
US7439429B2 (en) Wind instrument having a modified tone-rich surface
US4305320A (en) Selector switch
US4483233A (en) Combined guitar and bass guitar having eight strings
US357168A (en) Musical instrument
US4331059A (en) Accompanying device for playing stringed instruments
US6696629B1 (en) Keyless plastic saxophone
US4112806A (en) Axial flow valve
US3568560A (en) Auto chord device
US3342094A (en) Musical instrument keyboard
US9208758B2 (en) Unified octave/register key and vent for musical wind instruments
US3392618A (en) Multirange fretted guitar type instrument
US4023460A (en) Intonation aid for the violin, viola and cello and other instruments of the violin family
US4428273A (en) Automatic chorder for stringed instruments
Jorgensen Tuning: containing the perfection of eighteenth-century temperament, the lost art of nineteenth-century temperament, and the science of equal temperament, complete with instructions for aural and electronic tuning
US4515060A (en) Wind instrument with adjustable tone
US5824927A (en) Keyed free-reed instruments scope
Rossing et al. The science of sound
WO2017057088A1 (en) Wind instrument
US2204987A (en) Drum
US964660A (en) Stringed musical instrument.
US4213371A (en) Axial flow valve