US1065792A - Total-signal device. - Google Patents

Total-signal device. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1065792A
US1065792A US1065792DA US1065792A US 1065792 A US1065792 A US 1065792A US 1065792D A US1065792D A US 1065792DA US 1065792 A US1065792 A US 1065792A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
printing
total
arm
signal
type
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Halcolm Ellis
Original Assignee
Halcolm Ellis
Publication date
Priority to US1065792TA priority Critical
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1065792A publication Critical patent/US1065792A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06CDIGITAL COMPUTERS IN WHICH ALL THE COMPUTATION IS EFFECTED MECHANICALLY
    • G06C11/00Output mechanism
    • G06C11/04Output mechanism with printing mechanisms, e.g. for character-at-a-time or line-at-a-time printing

Description

H. ELLIS.

TOTAL SIGNAL DEVIGE.

APPLICATION rum) 00124, 1900.

1,065,792, Patented June 24, 1913.

2 8HEBTSSHEBT 1.

INVENTOR H. ELLIS.

TOTAL SIGNAL DEVICE.

APPLICATION FILED 00124, 1908.

1 ,065,792. Patented June 24, 1913.

INVENTOR om'rnn s'rn'rns PATENT osmon.

HALCOLM ELLIS, OF EAST ORANGE, NEW J'E'BSEY.

TOTAL-S16E11. DEVICE.

To all wlwm z't may concern:

Be it known that I, HAIJOOLM ELLIS, a citizen-of the United States, residing in the city of East Orange, in the State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Total-Signal Devices for Use on Adding and Listing Machines, of which the followingis a sufficiently exact description to enable one versed in the art to full understand and construct, reference bein ad to the accompanying drawings, whicdi form part of this specification.

The/object of this invention isto provide a suitable total signal for use on an adding and listing machine, having a plurality of accumulators, and for causing the device to.

print one s' al when the total from one accumulator s taken and a different signal when a total from a different accumulator Another object of this invention is to providethe mechanism for indicating whether theaccumulators are clear, and for causing a separate sign to indicate this conditionfor each of the different sets of accumulators in the machine- Beterring to the drawings in the different figures of which the same letters of reference apply and refer tov the same parts-- Figure 1 is a side elevation of this device. Fig. --2 is a side elevation ofa small detail showing the O rihting trigger. 3 is a vertical, longitudinal section through the main portionof an adding and listing machine having two sets ofaccumulators, the part shown indicating the wheels,keyboard and parts for bperating this type of a machine, both -for the addin and listing of figures and the printing 0 totals after the figures have been added.

This device is shown in connection with the printing mechanism of the addin and listingtypewriting machines, for which I have obtained Letters Patent of Great Britain, No. 28,253, December 28, 1908, and for which I have filed application for patent, the same bearing SerialNo. 470108.

The scheme for adding and listing of numbers and the printing of the totals is most clearly shown in Fig. 3the machine being provided with a keyboard having a series of keys K 51, to K 59, for each de Patented June 25;;913.

nomination, which keys'operate stops K 23, for limiting the travel backward (If a suitable rack R 50, which rack is provided with teeth on its upper and lower edges near its rear end. The rack B 50, slides insuitable grooves on the bar K 3, near its front end and past the bar R 92, also in suitable grooves, at its rear end. The rack R 50, is

provided on its lower side with a vertical slot in which a pin R 14, connected to the link P 53, extends upward and is pivoted at its upper end in the type sector -P 54,

which type sector is pivoted at its forward end to the arm 52 P, so that .when the rack R 50, moves to the rear the piece R 45, will elevate the link P 53, and so swing the type sector P 54, about its pivot in the arm52 P.

The-type on the face of the y e sector P 54, are so arranged that whenever a stop K 23, intercepts the rack R 50, the type on the sector P 54, will correspond in number to the number on the key K 51, to K 59. If

'the rack R 50, has thus moved to the rear until arrested .by the stop K 23, one or both of the adding wheels A 50, may be brought into engagement with the rack R 50, b

means of the cams A 59, or 59 A, which cams are mounted on the shafts A 1, and l A, respectively, and the partial rotation of these shafts A 1, and 1 A, will cause the adding wheels A 50, to engage or disengage the teeth of the rack R 50. It is evident, however, that if the rack R 50, is .first moved to the rear and the wheels A 50, are brought into an agement with the rack and left there while t e rack R 50, is restored to the osition shown in Fig. 3, the adding wiieels A 50, will be rotated about their pivots a number of teeth, exactly equal to the number of teeth that the racks R 50, have moved to the rear, and inasmuch as the type on the type sectors P 54, moves a distance also in proportion to the travel of the rack R60, the type on the sector P 54, will print a number corresponding to the number of teeth the wheels A 50, have been rotated.

To cause the type on the sector P 50, to print, it is necessar that the arm 52 P, be swung about its pivot P 1, so as to propel the type sector against the platen S. To do this the piece P 58, is rotated about the shaft 1, and extends the spring P 85. The movement of the piece R 45, causes the pin R 15, to release the hook P 57, from its engagement with the retaining device for the piece 52 P, and the subsequent release of the hook 57 P, will release the piece 52 P, and so permit the type sector P 54, to strike the platen S. When the racks R 50,'are restored to their normal position, as shown in Fi 3, the cams A 59, and 59 A, are restore to the position shown in the same figure, and the addingwheels A 50, are conse quently removed from engagement with the teeth of .the rack R 50. In taking a total of what has been previously added upon the wheels A 50, it is only necessary to operate the cams A 59, and 59 A, to cause the adding wheels A 50, to engage the rack R 50, prior to the movement of the rack R 50, to the rear-this being done and the rack R 50, being moved to the rear, it will travel a distance exactly equal to the number of teeth the wheels A 50, have been rotated from their zero position in adding, a suitable stop being provided to prevent the wheels A 50, from ever rotatin a distanceoeyond their starting point in axis direction; thus, if the wheels A 50, had been rotated five teeth in adding, it would rotate backward five teeth to the starting point, which would permit the rack R 50,. to move to the rear a distance of five teeth and so elevate the type sector P 54, until the figure 5 comes to the printing position. 5

On the side of the arm P 52, there is pivoted a rearward extending arm 65 P, which has at its rear end a plurality of type 'of any desired characters. In the drawing,

the upper one is marked 0 .and the lower one ismarked d. A link 64 P, connects the arm 65 P, to a lever 61 P, pivoted at 17 P, to the plate P 50, of the printing section of the machine. Mounted on this same pivot 17 P, there extends in a downward direction an arm 60 P, which extends into the path of travel of two studs 19 A, and 20 A, mounted on the side of the adding cams A 59, and 59 A. This arm 60 P, has a forward extending member, and a spring 81 P, (ex tending between suitable fastenings on its Side and on the side of thelever 61 P, holding the extension of 60 P, in contact with a pin 19 P, on the side of the lever 61 P. These parts are so proportioned that when the cam A 59, swings from the position shown in Fig. 1 to its extreme left-hand position, as is done in the case of adding, the pin 19 A, will swing the arm 60 P, to the left, and this, through the spring 81 P, will cause the lever 61 P, to move the arm 65 P,

in an upward direction until the type d on the end thereof comes to the printing position. Inasmuch as the arm 65 P, is pivot ed on the printing arm P 52, it is evident that whenever the printing arm P 52, is moved toward the platen S to print, it will carry the arm 65 P, with it, and thus cause either the type 0 or the type d to print in case they are raised to the printing position. The cam 59 A, being at a greater distance from the pivot 17 P, than the cam A 59, the movement imparted by the stud 20 A, on the movement of the cam 59 A, will not swing the arm 60 P, so far to the left as when the upper cam A 59, is operated, and this movement is just sufiicient to bring the type c on the arm 65 P, to the printing line. Pivoted on the side of the plate P 50, there is a hook 62 P, the upper end of which may engage the pin 19 P, on the side of the lever 61 P. A tail on the lower end of the hook 62 P comes into the path of a stud 21 P, on the side of the piece P 74, mounted on the shaft P 1. When the piece P 74, is in its normal position, the stud 21 P, holds the hook 62 P, out of engagement with the pin 19 P, but whenever the piece P 74, is turned to the right, the stud 21 vP, moves to the left and so permits the hook 62 P, to move toward the pin 19 P, through the effect of the spring 80 P. The left-hand endvof the lever 61 P, terminates in a cam which engages the small roller on the upper end of a bent lever 63 P. This lever 63 P, has a pin 18 P, extending through an opening in the plate P 50, and into the ath of travel of the O printing trigger 57, (see Fig. 2.) Whenever the lever 61 P, is raised, the cam on its end causes the lever 63 P, to be movedvto the left and the pin 18 P, causes the O printing trigger 57 P, to disengage the printing arm P 52. In this machine, the operation of taking a total causes the cams A 59, or 59 A, to be moved prior to the time when the lever P 74, has made any considerable movement; but in addition the lever P 74, completes the maior portion of its travel before the cams A 59, and 59 A, begin their-movement. From this it will be evident that in the process of addition, the lever P 74, moving before the cam A 59, or..59 A, permits the book 62 P, to engage the pin 19 P, on the lever 61 P, and thus lock the lever 61 P, from any upward travel, the movement of the cam A 59, and 59 A, causing only an extension of the spring '81 P. When the arm P 52, is released and the type P 54, strikes the paper, the type on the end of the arm 65 P, will reach a position considerably below the printing line, and therefore not in contact with the paper on the platen S. On the other hand, when a total is taken, the cams A 59, or 59 A, is moved before the lever P 74, and this causes the movement of the arm 60 P,and raises the lever 61 P, so that thepin 19F, is too high for the hook 62 P, to engage. The lever 61 P, is raised a' suflicient distance to cause I either the type c or. the ,ype d on the total would be printed thus, 12345 d, and

a total for the lower accumulator would be printed thus 54321 cthe letters d or c indicating that these figures are totals and that they are totals from different accumulators .and also distinguishing them from added figures, which have no letters or other sign followin them.

Now in case themachine 1s clear, the small bent arm 63 P, through the pin 18 P, will cause the O printing trigger to release the printing arm P 52, and this will permit the printing of an 0, followed by the character c or d thus OD, or OC.

Reference is to be had to my Letters Patent of Great Britain, No. -28,253, dated December 28, 1908, for a fuller disclosure of parts cooperating with the present invention. I

It is not my intention to limit tbi device to these specific arrangements of .parts shown, or to the printing of only two signals for indicating the total of two sets of adding mechanisms, as it is evident that the number may increase Without departing from the principles here shown.

Having described my invention, I claim 1. In an adding machine, the combination with -printing mechanism, and a plurality of accumulating mechanisms, of a total signal printing device, and operative connections between said accumulating mechanisms and said signal printing device whereby the signal printing device is set in different printing positions by the movement of said accumulating mechanism.

2. In an adding machine, the combination with printing Tnechanisnnand a plurality of accumulating mechanisins,.of a total signal printing device having different signals to designate totals whentaken from the respective accumulating mechanisms, means for moving the accumulating mechanisms according as the total of one or the other is to be printed, and operating means for the total signal device cooperatively associated with the res ective accumulating mechanisms for di erent degrees or extents of movement thereby according to which accumulat-in mechanism is operated for the purpose 0 printing the total thereof.

3. In an adding machine, the combination with printing mechanism, and a plurality of accumulating mechanisms, of a total signal printing device having different signals to designate totals taken from the respective accumulating mechanisms, means for. mov-. ing the accumulating mechanisms according as ,the total of one or the other is to be printed, and a lever cooperatively related to the total signal printing device and to the respective accumulating mechanisms in such manner that it will be shifted by the movement thereof to different degrees or extents according to which accumulating mechanism is operated for the purposeof printing the total thereof.

4. In an adding'machine, the combination with printing mechanism, mounted to move bodily toward the paper when printing," and means for so moving said printing mechanism, of a total signal printing device car-' ried by and movable with said bodily movable printing mechanism, a plurality of accumulating mechanisms, and means for settingsaid signal printing device to print a signal to indicate the accumulating mechanism from which the total is being printed.

5. In an adding machine, the combination with printing mechanism mounted to move bodily when printing, and means formov-in said printin mechanism, of a total signa printing device carried by and movable with said printing mechanism, a plurality of accumulating mechanisms, and operative connections between the respective accumulating mechanisms and said total signal printing device whereby the signal mechanism is set in different printing positions by the movement of said accumulating mmhanisms.

6. In an adding machine, the combination with the printing mechanism, of a total indicating device bearing a plurality of signals arranged to be set in operative position by being moved variable distances, a plurality of accumulators, and means cooperating with the total indicating device and accumulators whereby the accumulators are each arranged to move the total indicating device a different distance when taking the totals, substantially as described.

7. In an adding machine, the combination with the printing mechanism, and a plurality of accumulating mechanisms of a device operated by the. accumulators for automatically indicating the totals by separate signals for the total from each set of accumulators, and for indicating when the accumulators are clear by a separate signal for each set of accumulatorsthe clear slgnal in each case being different from the total signal, substantially as described.

8. In an .adding machine, the combination with the printing mechanism, and a plurality of accumulatin mechanisms, of a device forautomatically indicating the totals by a separate signal for the total from each set of accumulators, and means for automatically releasing the numeral type in the first column to the right of the machine whenever a total is taken, substantially asdescribed.

9. In an adding machine, the combination with the printing mechanism, and a plurality of accumulating mechanisms, of means under the control of the 'operator' for indicating whether the accumulators are clear or not, by the printing of a special signal for each set of accumulators in conjunction with the zero in the first column to the right in the printing mechanism, substantially as described.

HALCOLM ELLIS; Witnesses:

ISABEL NICHOLSON, LII-LIAN F. CAMERON.

US1065792D Total-signal device. Expired - Lifetime US1065792A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1065792TA true

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1065792A true US1065792A (en) 1913-06-24

Family

ID=3134035

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US1065792D Expired - Lifetime US1065792A (en) Total-signal device.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1065792A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2416707A (en) * 1942-07-20 1947-03-04 Standard Register Co Imprinting machine
US3144822A (en) * 1960-10-19 1964-08-18 Ncr Co Symbol printing control for accounting machines
US3211371A (en) * 1962-12-31 1965-10-12 Bank Of California Nt & Sa Electrically operated printer

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2416707A (en) * 1942-07-20 1947-03-04 Standard Register Co Imprinting machine
US3144822A (en) * 1960-10-19 1964-08-18 Ncr Co Symbol printing control for accounting machines
US3211371A (en) * 1962-12-31 1965-10-12 Bank Of California Nt & Sa Electrically operated printer

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2221861A (en) Calculating machine
US2080649A (en) Recording machine
US2160361A (en) Calculating machine
US2940575A (en) Typing machines for arabic group languages
US2816609A (en) Tape perforating machine
US2449126A (en) Mechanical shorthand writing means
US2471807A (en) Typewriter for writing the chinese language
US2258714A (en) Combined typewriting and computing
US2360005A (en) Key set gonteol mechanism for
US1900103A (en) Calculating machine
US2668659A (en) Swanson
US2387861A (en) Accounting machine
US1203863A (en) Mechanical calculator.
US1359173A (en) A cobpoeation of
US2127251A (en) Typewriting machine
US908673A (en) Laundry-marking machine.
US2208050A (en) Cash register
US1294507A (en) Registering-machine.
US2022823A (en) Calculating machine
US1731614A (en) Phonetic typewriting machine
US1260753A (en) Apparatus for writing chinese.
US2154381A (en) Cash register
US628273A (en) Calculating-machine.
US2370505A (en) Typewriting and accounting machine
US752795A (en) Type writer