US10437295B1 - Personal cloud case cover with a plurality of modular capabilities - Google Patents

Personal cloud case cover with a plurality of modular capabilities Download PDF

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Publication number
US10437295B1
US10437295B1 US15/614,555 US201715614555A US10437295B1 US 10437295 B1 US10437295 B1 US 10437295B1 US 201715614555 A US201715614555 A US 201715614555A US 10437295 B1 US10437295 B1 US 10437295B1
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Prior art keywords
case
panel
mobile computing
antenna array
signals
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US15/614,555
Inventor
Zlatko Aurelio Filipovic
Weiping Wang
Adam James Wang
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Micro Mobio Corp
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Micro Mobio Corp
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Priority to US201261705383P priority Critical
Priority to US13/831,663 priority patent/US9086847B2/en
Priority to US14/803,828 priority patent/US9671835B2/en
Application filed by Micro Mobio Corp filed Critical Micro Mobio Corp
Priority to US15/614,555 priority patent/US10437295B1/en
Assigned to MICRO MOBIO CORPORATION reassignment MICRO MOBIO CORPORATION ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: FILIPOVIC, ZLATKO AURELIO, WANG, ADAM JAMES, WANG, WEIPING
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US10437295B1 publication Critical patent/US10437295B1/en
Priority claimed from US16/595,914 external-priority patent/US11058326B1/en
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Abstract

A personal cloud contained in a case for a portable computing device such as a tablet personal computer (PC), mobile phones, portable media players, or the like. The personal cloud case may be fitted with memory, a network connection, two-way wireless charging, external memory slots, external connections and other components for portable personal cloud computing. The case may further include an antenna array for millimeter wave communications with a base station, user equipment devices and/or other cases having antenna arrays.

Description

PRIORITY CLAIM
This patent application claims priority as a Continuation-In-Part of Ser. No. 14/803,828, filed on Jul. 20, 2015; which claims priority as a Continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 13/831,663, filed on Mar. 15, 2013; which claims the benefit of U.S. provisional patent application having Ser. No. 61/705,383, filed Sep. 25, 2012; the aforementioned applications all being incorporated herein by reference in their entirety.
FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE
The present disclosure relates generally to mobile computer covers and, in particular, in one or more embodiments, the present disclosure relates to cases having a plurality of electronic component accessories.
BACKGROUND
There are presently a wide variety of portable electronic devices 102 as disclosed in FIG. 1A. The portable electronic devices may include cellphones such as the iPhone®, Nexus, Lumia and the like and tablet personal computers (PCs) such as the iPad®, Kindle® and similar type devices. These portable electronic devices are often protected by a simple case cover 104 as disclosed in FIG. 1B. These prior art case covers 104 typically do not contain any functional components beyond the protective cover itself.
SUMMARY
Aspects of the embodiments disclosed herein include a case for a removable mobile computing device comprising: a first panel and a second panel capable of forming a compartment for the removable mobile computing device; and an antenna array mounted on the first or second panel and which is capable of wirelessly sending and receiving millimeter wave signals to and from a base station.
Further aspects of the embodiments disclosed herein include a system having a case for a removable mobile computing device and user equipment comprising: the case having: a first panel and a second panel capable of forming a compartment for the removable mobile computing device; an antenna array mounted on the first or second panel and which is capable of wirelessly sending and receiving first signals in the millimeter wave frequency to and from a base station; a modem module mounted on at least one of the first and second panels which is capable of sending and receiving second signals to and from at least one user equipment device; and the at least one user equipment device communicatively coupled to the case to exchange the second signals at lower frequency than the first signals and wherein the user equipment device is capable of communicating wirelessly with a plurality of electronic devices.
Further aspects of the embodiments disclosed herein include a system having a plurality of cases for a removable mobile computing device with each case attached to one of a plurality of user equipment devices comprising: each of the cases attached to at least one of the plurality of user equipment devices and having: a first panel and a second panel capable of forming a compartment for the removable mobile computing device; an antenna array mounted on the first or second panel and which is capable of wirelessly sending and receiving first signals in the millimeter wave frequency to and from one of the group consisting of: a base station and the other antenna arrays in the other cases; a modem module mounted on at least one of the first and second panels which is capable of sending and receiving second signals to and from the removable mobile computing device.
Further aspects of the embodiments disclosed herein include a system having a plurality of cases for a plurality of removable mobile computing device comprising: the plurality of removable mobile computing devices each located in each of the plurality of cases; and each of the plurality of cases having: a first panel and a second panel capable of forming a compartment for the removable mobile computing device; an antenna array mounted on the first or second panel and which is capable of wirelessly sending and receiving first signals in the millimeter wave frequency to and from another of the plurality of cases; a modem module mounted on the first or second panel which is capable of sending and receiving second signals to and from the removable mobile computing device.
Further aspects of the embodiments disclosed herein include a case for a removable mobile computing device comprising: a first panel and a second panel capable of forming a compartment for the removable mobile computing device; the second panel including a charging unit capable of wirelessly charging the removable mobile computing device; a plurality of magnets capable of attaching the cover to the removable mobile computing device.
Further aspects of the embodiments disclosed herein include a panel for connecting to a mobile computing device comprising: a hinge capable of coupling the panel to the mobile computing device; a plurality of electronic components which are capable of wirelessly linking to the mobile computing device and including a controller, at least one SD card and a plurality of USB ports; and a charging unit capable of charging the removable mobile computing device and providing power to the plurality of electronic components.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
FIG. 1A is a front view of a prior art mobile computing device.
FIG. 1B is a front view of a prior art simple case cover for a mobile computing device.
FIG. 2A is a front view of a personal cloud case cover (PCCC).
FIG. 2B is a side view of the PCCC of FIG. 2A.
FIG. 3 is a front view of a second embodiment of the PCCC.
FIG. 4 is a front view of a third embodiment of the PCCC.
FIG. 5 is a front view of a fourth embodiment of the PCCC.
FIG. 6A is a front view of a fifth embodiment of the PCCC.
FIG. 6B is a side view of the PCCC of FIG. 6A.
FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of a PCCC in a cloud/networked environment utilizing 3rd Generation (3G), 4th Generation (4G), Fifth Generation (5G) and similar wireless connections.
FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of the PCCC in another cloud/networked environment system.
FIG. 9 is a view of the PCCC operating with a large external monitor.
FIG. 10 is a PCCC 200 with an antenna array 240 in communication with a communication tower (e.g., cell tower, base station or the like) 1002 using millimeter (mm) wave signals 1003, 1004.
FIG. 11 illustrates an environment in which a communication tower 1002 communicates through downlink signal 1003 and uplink signal 1004 back and forth in mm wave signals between a PCCC 200 with an antenna array 240 mounted on a window 1106 inside a building 1108.
FIG. 12 shows an operating environment 1200 in which a communication tower 1002 communicates through mm wave signals 1103 and 1104 back and forth to and from a PCCC 200 with an antenna array 240 mounted in a vehicle 1202 on the glass 1204 through an adhesive.
FIG. 13A shows an operating environment 1300 in which user equipment device 1112 has a PCCC 200 (e.g., mounted or integrated) so that PCCCs 200 can communicate with each other wirelessly using mm waves 1302 and FIG. 13B illustrates a phone 1304 physically connected with a PCCC 200 (e.g., mounted or integrated) so that two PCCCs 200 can communicate with each other wirelessly.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION
Although particular aspects or features of the following disclosure may be described with reference to one or more particular embodiments and/or drawings, it should be understood that such features are not limited to usage in the one or more particular embodiments or drawings with reference to which they are described, unless expressly specified otherwise. The functionality and/or the features of the embodiments that are described may be alternatively embodied by one or more other devices which are described but are not explicitly described as having such functionality/features.
Current mobile computing device covers are limited in their functionality by mainly providing protection from environmental shocks for mobile computing devices. However, the personal cloud cover case (or “PCCC”) as disclosed in this application by providing electronic component accessories and functionalities to the cover case enhances the ability of a mobile computing device located inside the PCCC to provide cloud computing services. Cloud computing is the use of computing resources that are delivered as a service over a network (such as the Internet) and which reside in the “cloud”. The mobile computing device in the case could be an iPad®, iPhone®, PC tablet, Android® based tablet, TouchPad, Nexus 7®, Slate® or the like.
FIG. 2A is a front view of a PCCC 200 which is shown in an open position. The case 200 provides a personal cloud to the user and access to a wireless network (such as 3G, 4G, 5G, WiFi, SuperWifi, and similar technologies) of a mobile computing device (not shown) stored in the case 200. The case 200 may be made of any material (hard and/or soft) that makes the case lightweight but durable and resilient such as plastic, silicone, ceramic, fabric, leather, steel, aluminum, fiberglass, titanium, Kevlar, or rubber. The case 200 could be a continuous piece of material with a flexible (or bendable) area 201 located between two opposing panels (first panel 202 and second panel 204) which pivot together around a compartment 203 for containing the mobile computing device. In an alternative embodiment, the case 200 could be made up of plurality of attached sections (201, 202 and 204). First panel 202 also has 4 sleeves 202 a to hold the mobile computing device in place in the case 200. In alternative embodiments, the mobile computing device could be attached to the PCCC 200 using a plurality of magnets (instead of the sleeves 202 a) positioned under the mobile device, rubber straps or other similar attachment methods.
The first panel 202 is constructed in layers and includes inner first panel layer 202 c, outer first panel layer 202 d and embedded circuit board 206. Typically, from the front view the circuit board 206 cannot be seen since it is located underneath the first panel layer 202 c shown in cutaway but which is designed to cover substantially the entire first panel 202. An antenna 206 a is located on the circuit board 206 and may be in contact with the mobile communication device wirelessly, through physical contact or by connector 202 b. Connector 202 b is optional and in alternative embodiments it would not be present. The antenna 206 a will allow for better transmission and reception on the part of the mobile communication device. The antenna 206 a can be a “chip” antenna, printed circuit board (PCB) antenna or the like covering a plurality of wireless bands (e.g., 400 MHz-3.6 GHz). Alternatively, a PCB antenna may be used, and the antenna 206 a will be printed directly onto the circuit board 206. Also located on the board 206 is a two-way wireless charging unit 208 which is in substantial proximity to the resting place of the mobile communication device in the cover 200. The charging unit 208 is designed such that when the mobile communication device is in proximity to the charging unit an electromagnetic field generated by the charging unit pulls the communication device into proper position and alignment for optimal charging (i.e., charging coil alignment). The wireless charging unit 208 is connected through a bidirectional electrical link 210 to power source 212 located on a circuit board 207 embedded in the second panel 204. The bidirectional electrical link 210 is an example of the plurality of electrical connections that are made throughout the case 200 but which are not necessarily shown in the Figures. Link 210 might be in the form of a ribbon cable so as not to be damaged with the opening and closing of the case 200. The wireless charging unit 208 is capable of wirelessly charging the mobile communication device with power received from the power source 212 or wirelessly receive power from the mobile communication device and transfer it to the power source 212. The wireless charging unit 208 may operate by magnetic resonance, inductive charging, or power over radio frequency (RF) or similar wireless charging methods. The power source 212 is used to power the plurality of components located throughout the cover 200 and, as described, can also be used as a backup battery for the mobile computing device when the voltage in the battery of the mobile computing device falls below a predetermined level.
The second panel 204 can be made up of an inner second panel 204 a and an outer second panel 204 b containing the embedded circuit board 207 but which typically cannot be seen from a front view since it is covered by inner second panel layer 204 a. The inner second panel layer 204 a covers substantially the entire second panel 204 but is only partially shown in cutaway so as to illustrate the components mounted on the circuit board 207 in the outer second panel 204 b. It should be understood that the inner second panel layer 204 a and the outer second panel layer 204 b can be coupled together by a variety of methods such as ultrasonic bonding, mechanical fasteners, adhesives, or solvents. In alternative embodiments, the inner second panel 204 a may be entirely or substantially detachable from the outer second panel 204 b; the inner second panel 204 a may be a closure flap that is fastened close by means of adhesive, a snap button, or Velcro or the inner second panel 204 a may not be present at all so as to allow easy access to the components mounted on the board 207 in the outer second panel 204 b. The case 200 may further be made up of a plurality of modules 214, 216, 218 and 220 mounted on the circuit board 207 which allow the PCCC 200 to have multi-functional capability. The modules may be made of low profile components which help minimize the thickness of the cover. The plurality of modules may be permanently mounted, may snap-in to the board 207 or may be some combination thereof. First module 214 may include a wireless wide area network modem (WWAN). The WWAN could include baseband, a radio frequency integrated circuit (RFIC), a radio frequency front-end module (RF FEM), Envelope Tracking (ET), Power Management IC (PMIC), and other connected components to link the mobile computing device to a mobile network such as a 3G, 4G or future generation network. Second module 216 may include a wireless local area network (WLAN) modem for a mobile computing device to connect to a local router and then to 2G, 3G and 4G networks. The WLAN modem can be baseband, RFIC, RF FEM and other connectivity components. The case 200 may contain near field communications (NFC) technology which may be used for contactless short range communications based on RF identification standards (RFID) using magnetic field induction to enable communication between the electronic components in the case 200 over short distances such as a few centimeters. In other embodiments, the WLAN modem connection could be made using wireless protocols such as WiFi, SuperWiFi (i.e., the next generation WiFi with superior range), Bluetooth, wireless for high definition multimedia interface (WHDMI), or the like. Third module 218 may be internal storage such as solid-state drives (SSD) or flash memory (e.g., MultiMedia Card (MMC), electronic MMC (eMMC) or the like). Fourth module 220 may contain a sensor chip that is able to detect biometrics inputs such as finger prints, eye movement, face shape, and the like. Module 220 can be used for functions such as a security feature for allowing or denying access to the electronic components in the case, gaming, and medical purposes (e.g., measuring blood cell count and the like). The second panel 204 may also include a smart feature such as a synchronization input 230 (e.g., such as a button, touch screen, or the like) that allows the plurality of electronic components (e.g., module 218) in the PCCC 200 to be synched to other networked devices in the cloud when operated. This input 230 would primarily be used when a mobile communication device is not present in the PCCC 200. The input 230 may be used to backup data stored in the components of the PCCC 200. Reference 232 in FIG. 2A shows a controller which may be used with the mobile communication device or in the absence of the mobile device to control the electronic components in the PCCC 200. For example, in the synching process when input 230 is operated the controller 232 would direct the synching operation.
FIG. 2B is a side view of the case 200 in a closed position. Data connection ports 224 and 226 provide communication capabilities to the case 200. Ports 224 and 226 may be a mini universal serial bus (USB), micro universal USB port or an audio visual (AV) connector such as a high definition multimedia interface (HDMI) port and the like. Charging port 228 can be connected to the grid or other power source to feed the power source 212.
FIG. 3 is a second embodiment of the PCCC 200. Common numbering is used in FIGS. 3 though 9 and FIGS. 2A to 2B to denote similar elements. In this second embodiment, instead of wireless charging, a docking bay 305 having a set of electrical contacts is configured to electrically engage with the input/output contacts on a mobile communication device. The docking bay 305 may be a standard connector that allows the mobile communication device to receive power through line 307 from power source 217.
FIG. 4 illustrates a third embodiment of the PCCC 200. A mobile communication device 400 can be connected to a local area or wide area network through wireless modem 402 which may be 3G, 4G, 3G/4G, 5G, WHDMI, Bluetooth, WiFi, SuperWiFi, and other wireless standard. Module 404 is a replaceable, rechargeable battery that is charged through line 412 from the wireless charger 208 and receives power from mobile communication device 400. Module 404 performs the same function as power source 212 in FIG. 2 but is arranged differently in the case 200 as shown in FIG. 4. The wireless charger 208 may be located on the first panel 202 beneath the mobile communications device 400. The module 404 can also be charged from a power outlet when the case 200 is plugged in. The module 404 can be used as a power source for other modules (reference numerals 408 and 410 as discussed below) located in the case 200. An embedded memory bank 406 includes a plurality of memory modules and is mounted on the second panel 204. The memory bank modules may be 500 MegaByte (MB), 1 Gigabyte (GB), 1 Terrabyte (TB) or the like in memory size. Memory slots 410 are capable of holding additional memory such as removable micro-Secure Digital (micro-SD) memory cards for storage expansion.
FIG. 5 illustrates a fourth embodiment of the PCCC 200 which demonstrates that the plurality of modules are detachable and could be two instead of three in the case 200. Also, FIG. 5 discloses a wireless data connection 512 between the device 400 and memory bank 406 using WiFi, SuperWiFi or Bluetooth protocols. In alternate embodiments, the data connection 512 could be a hardwired such as a Universal Serial Bus (USB), microUSB, miniUSB, or HDMI (with the data line being flexibly bendable across the flexible region 201 in the form of a ribbon cable or the like). In other embodiments, the connection could also be an optical wireless link or cable such as infrared. The data transfer could be bi-directional to allow for read and write both ways from device 400 to memory 406 and from memory 406 to device 400.
FIG. 6A is another embodiment of the PCCC with just one panel 500 attached to the device 400 through attachments 502. Attachments 502 may be magnets, clip ins, connectors or some other type of hinge. The attachments 502 may internally include a plurality of electrical links to provide power from the power source 212 to the mobile communication device 400 as well as provide data communications between the modules on the panel 500 and the device 400. The power source 212 may include a wireless charging unit so as to wirelessly charge the device 400. The charging may take place when the panel 500 is in a lateral position relative to the device 400 as shown in FIG. 6A. In an alternative embodiment, the panel 500 may be folded over and placed in contact with the device 500 to establish an electrical power link between the power source 212 and electrical contacts located on the device 400. Also, similar to the embodiment of FIG. 5, a wireless data connection may be established between the device 400 and the plurality of modules on the panel 500 (items 214, 216, 218, 220, and 222). FIG. 6B is a side view of the panel 500 showing the connection ports 224, 226, and 228 which serve the same functions as described in connection with FIG. 2B above.
FIG. 7 illustrates the mobile communication device 300 and PCCC 200 operating in a cloud (or networked) environment 700. Storage 706, mobile phone 708 and personal computer (PC) 710 are part of the cloud upon which the mobile communications device 300 and PCCC 200 can exchange data and synchronize through a plurality of wireless links 703. The WWAN modem module 214 and the WLAN modem module 216 of FIG. 7 operate in a similar manner as described in connection with FIG. 2A above. The mobile computing device 300 communicates through a bi-directional wireless link 701 with the WLAN modem 216 using 81uetooth, WiFi, SuperWiFi and similar wireless standards. In another embodiment, the link 701 may be a wired link. WLAN modem 216 then can read and write wirelessly in a local environment with storage 706. The WLAN modem 216 can also communicate with another mobile phone 708 and PC 710. Alternatively, the mobile computing device 300 can communicate through WLAN 216 over a bi-directional link 702 with WWAN modem 214. WWAN modem 214 can communicate wirelessly using 3G/4G protocols over longer distances than the WLAN modem 216 with a cell tower 704 and then to the Internet. In the environment of FIG. 7, the case 200 is acting as “hotspot”. As a hotspot, the case 200 offers network (e.g., Internet) access over the WWAN modem 214 or WLAN modem 216.
FIG. 8 illustrates another variation of the mobile communication device 300 and the case 200 in operation 800. This arrangement allows the local storage 218 to have access to a plurality of devices in the cloud such as the communication device 708, PC 710 and storage 706 through local wireless router (or access point) 716. As previously discussed in connection with FIG. 2A, sync input 230 can be operated when the mobile communication device is not present in the case 200 to backup all data contained in the components in the case 200 to the cloud (e.g., devices such as 706, 708, 710 and other devices). Another advantage is that this system allows for the formation of a “pass through Internet” from the mobile communication device 300 to devices 706, 708, 710 and a network (e.g., the Internet). WLAN modem 216 is connected to memory storage 218 through link 712 and is capable of establishing wireless communications with both the mobile communication device 300 and the devices 706, 708, and 710. In operation, the mobile communication device 300 establishes a wireless connection 701 through WiFi, SuperWiFi, 4G or the like to the WLAN modem 216. Through WLAN modem 216, the communication device 300 is capable of connecting to the memory storage 218 (e.g., providing information or instructions regarding reading and/or writing) while simultaneously browsing the Internet through wireless link 703 to access point 716. The term simultaneously as used herein shall mean immediate or nearly immediate succession in time. In another embodiment, the connection from the mobile communication device to the memory storage 218 could be wired. Alternatively, the communication device could be simultaneously connecting to memory storage 218 while communicating with devices 706, 708 and 710 through wireless links 703. This pass through Internet feature allows the user to access data stored in the memory 218 and browse the Internet simultaneously from a single device (mobile communication device 300) or a plurality of devices. The WLAN modem 216 is designed to operate in one or more bands and cover one or more wireless standards. The bands may include first and second frequency bands (e.g., 2 GHz and 5 GHz). The WLAN modem 216 may use the first band for the transmission of information from memory storage 218 to the mobile communication device 300 and the second band for communications with the access point 716 (and thereby the Internet).
FIG. 9 illustrates another environment 900 in which the PCCC 200 may operate. The PCCC 200 allows the mobile communication device 300 to link through WLAN 216 and wireless link 902 with large external monitor 904 using WiFi, SuperWiFi, WHDMI, or the like and display information (e.g., video, audio, or text) from either the mobile communication device 300, the memory storage or another source (e.g., devices 706, 708, 710) on to the monitor 904.
FIGS. 10-13B illustrate another environment 1000 in which the PCCC 200 may operate. As new wireless and fixed standards (such as 4G, 5G, 802.11ad, and the like) keep pushing the operating frequencies into millimeter (mm) wave spectrum (e.g., 28 GHz, 40 GHz, 60 GHz, 70 GHz, 100 GHz) it becomes harder and harder (due to higher penetration loss and path loss) to get the signal inside buildings, houses, cars, and even mobile phones (as phone casings might prevent millimeter wave signals from getting in or out). These challenges limit the usability of mm waves and make mm systems very expensive to deploy. The disclosed embodiments described herein help to make mm wave signal penetration possible.
In FIGS. 10-13B, PCCC 200 is an alternative embodiment in which an antenna array 240 is mounted in the case. (In alternative embodiments of FIGS. 10-13B it could be the one panel version of PCCC 500 shown in FIGS. 6A-6B used instead of the multiple panel version of the PCCC 200 but FIGS. 10-13B will use PCCC 200 for description purposes). PCCC 200 can be any of the embodiments disclosed in FIGS. 1-9 which either further include antenna array 240 or where antenna array replaces elements and or modules of the PCCC 200 (or PCCC 500) disclosed in FIGS. 1-9. Antenna 240 can be a low cost antenna array 240 made up of cells in an N×N array (e.g. 2×2, 2×2, 4×4, 8×8, or the like) or an M×N array (e.g., 1×4, 2×4, 2×5, 2×8, or the like). The antenna array 240 could be made on circuit boards 206 or 207, it could be a chip antenna on the circuit boards 206 or 207, or it could be a multilayer antenna on the circuit boards 206 or 207. The antenna array 240 can be used to increase the gain of the signal 1004, can be used for beam forming and beam steering, phase shifting, and/or gesture tracking. The antenna array 240 may be in contact with the mobile communication device (not shown) wirelessly, through physical contact or through a connector (e.g., 202 b) or an electrical link (or links) running through circuit boards 206 and 207. In alternative embodiments, the antenna array 240 could be attached to the side or back of the mobile communication device (such as when it is the form of embodiment PCCC 500) as well. The antenna array 240 may also be coupled to and controlled by the other elements and modules in the PCCC 200 (or PCCC 500) through electrical links in the circuit boards 206 and/or 207 and implemented using hardware, software, firmware, middleware, microcode, or any combination thereof.
Antenna array 240 may be configured in a plurality of ways. Antenna 240 may be made up of cells in an N×N or M×N array configuration as discussed above. The array 240 may made of a low-cost material and a number of different substrates could be used each having their own fabrication tolerances and electrical and mechanical properties. The array 240 can be made of an Arlon CLTE-XT (PTFE ceramic), a Rogers RT 5880/RO 3003 (PTFE glass fiber), a Rogers Liquid Crystal Polymer (LCP), a low temperature cofired ceramic (LTCC), a Parylene N dielectric, a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) ceramic, a PTFE glass fiber material, a silicon material, a Gallium Arsenite (GaAs) material, an Alumina material, a Teflon material, a Duroid material or any other material that can produce thin (about 2-4 mils in thickness) metallized layers. In one embodiment, the layers may be stacked to form a multi-layer array architecture. With the antenna array 240 printed on a thin film material, mm wave signals can penetrate through any object efficiently and at low cost. The PCCC 200 surrounding array 240 may also be made of glass, plastic, etc.
In FIG. 10, in operating environment 1000 antenna array 240 allows PCCC 200 to communicate with a communication tower (e.g., cell tower, base station or the like) 1002. Communication tower 1002 and antenna array 240 could communicate with each other using, for example, time domain (TDD) or frequency domain signals (FDD) 1002, 1003 (and 1302 as discussed below). Downlink signal (or beam) 1003 coming from communication tower 1002 and uplink signal (or beam) 1004 coming from array 240 are formed and steered to allow mm wave signal communications between the array 240 and communication tower 1002. The antenna array 240 may be located by communication tower 1002 using Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) technology or by 3G/4G/5G technology. Beams 1003 and 1004 (and 1302) may operate in the range of approximately 3 GigaHertz (GHz) to approximately 100 GHz or even higher. Typically, beams 1003 and 1004 (and 1302) will operate approximately in a range of plus or minus (+/−) 12% of mm wave frequency signals such as 24 GHz, 28 GHz, 39 GHz, 60 GHz, and/or 77 GHz (e.g., for 24 GHz the signal would range from approximately 21.12 GHz to approximately 26.88 GHz). Alternatively, mm wave beams 1003 and 1004 (and 1302) can operate in the following ranges: approximately 3.3 GHz to approximately 3.4 GHz; approximately 3.4 GHz to approximately 3.6 GHz; approximately 3.6 GHz to approximately 3.8 GHz; approximately 5.150 GHz to approximately 5.925 GHz; approximately 24.25 GHz to approximately 27.5 GHz; approximately 31.8 GHz to approximately 33.4 GHz; approximately 37.0 GHz to approximately 40.5 GHz; approximately 40.5 GHz to approximately 42.5 GHz; approximately 42.5 GHz to approximately 43.5 GHz; approximately 45.5 GHz to approximately 47 GHz; approximately 47.0 GHz to approximately 47.2 GHz; approximately 47.2 GHz to approximately 50.2 GHz; and approximately 50.4 GHz to approximately 52.8 GHz.
FIG. 11 shows an alternative operating environment 1100 in which a communication tower 1002 communicates through downlink signals (or beams) 1003 and 1004 back and forth in mm wave signals with a PCCC 200 (or PCCC 500) with an antenna array 240 mounted on a window 1106 inside a building 1108 (or outside the building, e.g., resting on a ledge). PCCC 200 may be mounted to window 1106 through adhesives such as suction cups or through some other type of mounting mechanisms. The mm waves 1003 sent from communication tower 1002 can be received at PCCC 200. PCCC 200 could then down convert the mm wave signals 1003 using other modules in the case 200 to lower frequency signals (e.g., approximately 2 GHz, 5 GHz, 8 GHz or the like). In some embodiments, these lower frequency signals are forwarded from a connection on the case 200 (e.g., 202 b) through a wired coupling (e.g., a cable) 1110 to user equipment device (or a plurality of user equipment devices) 1112. PCCC 200 can also send signals wirelessly to user equipment device 1112 (e.g., using 802.11ad and/or 802.11ax). User equipment device (UED) 1112 located in the building 1108 has the ability to forward the signal through UED signals 1114 and 1116 (which typically are at different frequencies such as WiFi, Bluetooth, Zigbee, etc.) to a plurality of devices 1118 such as phones, tablets, and/or televisions. Wired coupling 1110 not only carries the RF signals received and sent to and from the antenna array 240 but it may also provide control signals and power supply for the antenna array 240. The cable 1110 can typically carry frequencies for example from approximately 0 to 8 GHz. The cable 1110 can be short or long. The UED 1112 has the processing power (i.e., CPU, baseband, modem, etc.) to handle the received signal and send signals to and from the antenna array 240. It also may contain communication modules such as WiFi radio, LTE/LTE-A/LTE-U/LAA, and/or Zigbee. The UE 1112 can act as a small cell or WiFi Access Point. The UE 1112 can contact the user to the outside communication tower 1002 through the antenna array 240.
FIG. 12 shows an alternative operating environment 1200 in which a communication tower 1002 communicates through mm wave signals 1003 and 1004 back and forth with a PCCC 200 (or PCCC 500) with an antenna array 240 mounted in a vehicle 1202 on the glass 1204 through an adhesive such as suction cups. Alternatively, the glass 1204 could be manufactured with the components of the PCCC 200 (or PCCC 500) built in.
FIG. 13A shows an alternative operating environment 1300 in which user equipment 1112 can further have a PCCC 200 mounted or integrated so that PCCCs 200 (or 500) (in this case 3 PCCCs) can communicate with each other wirelessly using mm waves 1302. A first PCCC 200 could communicate with a plurality of PCCCs 200 at the same time or different times using beam forming, multiple input/multiple output (MIMO), massive MIMO, or the like. UED 1112 can then turn the mm waves 1302 in order to wirelessly communicate with mobile communication devices such as phones, tablets, etc. 1304. In FIG. 13B a phone 1304 can have a PCCC 200 (or 500) connected (e.g., mounted or integrated), so that 2 PCCCs 200 could communicate with each other wirelessly for device to device communication. One PCCC 200 could communicate with a plurality of PCCCs 200 at the same time or different times using mm waves 1302 with beam forming, MIMO, massive MIMO, or the like.
In this disclosure, devices that are described as in “communication” with each other or “coupled” to each other need not be in continuous communication with each other or in direct physical contact, unless expressly specified otherwise (e.g., they could be in wireless communication, connected by a cable, etc.). On the contrary, such devices need only transmit to each other as necessary or desirable, and may actually refrain from exchanging data most of the time. For example, a machine in communication with or coupled with another machine via the Internet may not transmit data to the other machine for long period of time (e.g. weeks at a time). In addition, devices that are in communication with or coupled with each other may communicate directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries.
Although process (or method) steps may be described or claimed in a particular sequential order, such processes may be configured to work in different orders. In other words, any sequence or order of steps that may be explicitly described or claimed does not necessarily indicate a requirement that the steps be performed in that order unless specifically indicated. Further, some steps may be performed simultaneously despite being described or implied as occurring non-simultaneously (e.g., because one step is described after the other step) unless specifically indicated. Moreover, the illustration of a process by its depiction in a drawing does not imply that the illustrated process is exclusive of other variations and modifications thereto, does not imply that the illustrated process or any of its steps are necessary to the embodiment(s), and does not imply that the illustrated process is preferred.
The foregoing description and embodiments have been presented for purposes of illustration and description and are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the embodiments in any sense to the precise form disclosed. Also, many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The embodiments were chosen and described to best explain the principles of the disclosure and its practical application to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best use the various embodiments disclosed herein and with various modifications suited to the particular use contemplated. The actual scope of the invention is to be defined by the following claims.

Claims (13)

The invention claimed is:
1. A case for a removable mobile computing device comprising:
a first panel and a second panel capable of forming a compartment for the removable mobile computing device; and
an antenna array mounted on the first or second panel and which is capable of wirelessly sending and receiving millimeter wave signals to and from a base station; and
a circuit embedded in the first or second panel of the case which is capable of forming a data link between the removable mobile computing device and the antenna array.
2. The case of claim 1, wherein the antenna array is detachable.
3. The case of claim 1, wherein the case is capable of being adhesively attached to a window of a house.
4. The case of claim 1, wherein the first panel further includes a charging unit capable of wirelessly charging the removable mobile computing device.
5. The case of claim 1, further comprising:
a plurality of electronic components coupled to the antenna array and capable of supporting operation of the antenna array.
6. The case of claim 1, wherein the case is capable of being adhesively attached to a window of a vehicle.
7. The case of claim 1, wherein the first and second panels are made from one of the following: plastic and glass.
8. The case of claim 1, wherein the antenna array is embedded in one of the first or second panels.
9. A system having a case for a removable mobile computing device and user equipment comprising:
the case having:
a first panel and a second panel capable of forming a compartment for the removable mobile computing device;
an antenna array mounted on the first or second panel and which is capable of wirelessly sending and receiving first signals in the millimeter wave frequency to and from a base station;
a modem module mounted on at least one of the first and second panels which is capable of sending and receiving second signals to and from at least one user equipment device; and
the user equipment device communicatively coupled to the case to exchange the second signals at lower frequency than the first signals and wherein the user equipment device is capable of communicating wirelessly with a plurality of electronic devices.
10. The system of claim 9, wherein the user equipment is coupled by cable to the case.
11. The system of claim 9, wherein the user equipment is coupled wirelessly to the case.
12. A system having a plurality of cases for a removable mobile computing device with each case attached to one of a plurality of user equipment devices comprising:
each of the cases attached to at least one of the plurality of user equipment devices and having:
a first panel and a second panel capable of forming a compartment for the removable mobile computing device;
an antenna array mounted on the first or second panel and which is capable of wirelessly sending and receiving first signals in the millimeter wave frequency to and from one of the group consisting of: a base station and the other antenna arrays in the other cases; and
a modem module mounted on at least one of the first and second panels which is capable of sending and receiving second signals to and from the removable mobile computing device.
13. A system having a plurality of cases for a plurality of removable mobile computing devices comprising:
the plurality of removable mobile computing devices each located in each of the plurality of cases; and
each of the plurality of cases having:
a first panel and a second panel capable of forming a compartment for the removable mobile computing device;
an antenna array mounted on the first or second panel and which is capable of wirelessly sending and receiving first signals in the millimeter wave frequency to and from another of the plurality of cases; and
a modem module mounted on the first or second panel which is capable of sending and receiving second signals to and from the removable mobile computing devices.
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