US103017A - Joshua - Google Patents

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US103017A
US103017A US103017DA US103017A US 103017 A US103017 A US 103017A US 103017D A US103017D A US 103017DA US 103017 A US103017 A US 103017A
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fluid
pipe
vapor
disk
flame
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGESĀ ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C5/00Stoves or ranges for liquid fuels
    • F24C5/02Stoves or ranges for liquid fuels with evaporation burners, e.g. dish type

Description

Patented May 17, 1870.
J. COM LY,
Vapor Stove.
which the followingis aspccification.
I NJOSHUAJ ."coMIJ'in. or PHILADELPnm, PENNSYLVANIA.
Letters Patent No. 103,017, dated May 1.7, 1870.
' ens-HE TER.-
the Schedule r'eifen'ed to in these Letters Patent and making part of the same.
. I,J0sHUA O MLY, of [the city of Philadelphia and State of Pennsylvania, have iuventdd certain Improvements in :Vapor Generators. and Burners, of
. The nature of my invention consists, in the first .place, in. thefconstruction of the inner joint of the fluid-pipe, of tapered'form, enlarging at-its end, which connects with the vapor-pipe for the purpose of faciliitating the operation of packing, as hereinafter de- Itconsists, in the second place, in the connection of the vapor-pipe with the fluid-pipe by-nieans of an elbow, on which the heat for the generation of the -vaporisthrown, and thence passes over the .end of j the fiuid pipe, so as to be altogether used in the generation of the vapor,which, in passing thronghthc elbow, isconveyed .by ineansof a descending pipe that passesundera disk, and up through the same, and terminates with a nipple, whereby the vapor, after .itsformatiomisj'notsubjected to the action until ignited. 3 '1 p i g By this arrangement, the burning quality of the vapor is preserved, whereas, in the usual construction of heat of vapor-stoves, as the-flame strikes under the pipe and highly heats thevapor, the burning properties are mnchdeteriorated. y
The invention, in the 't-hil'd place, consistsin the combination with the above-mentioned disk, of a small disk forregulating and direct-ing the flame, the said disk having a 'swivelmovement by'means of its stem turning in the upfierendflof a standard,and capable of being elevatednand depressed by means of a screw connection of the lower end of the standard with the other disk.
It consists, in the fourth ,place, of a safety fluid-retaining vesseh connectedwith thebottom of the air' chamber by meansof-a tube screwed into the same,
making the vesseldetachable for the emptying of its. contents when neces'sary,the object of the vessel being to collect the excess or waste fluid which passes to the bottom of the air-chamber. The mouth of the vessel is packed with wire-gauze to'prevent the flame passingwith the fluid into the vessel, thus preventing an explosion. a i
-XThe'improvement, in the 'fifth place, consists in the combination of an injector with'the generating-apparatus,;for supplying the same with fluid, the injector being placed at any'suit-a'ble ratus and the reservoir. 1
To enable others skilled in the art to which myimplace hetweenthe appaprovement appertains to make and use my invention, I
will now give a'detailed description thereof.
In the accompanyingdrawing's, whichmake apart of thisspecificatiOn v Figure'l isa pian viewof the improved apparatus.
lar vessel 1?, which retains it until removed.
' Figure 2 is a-"like view of the center, X, piece I), which forms the middle partof the .top of the stove.
Figure 3 is a plan view of one of the burners, F, on an enlarged's'cale.
Figure 4 is a side elevation of the same.
Figure 5, sheet No.' 2, is a front elevation of apparatnsl Like letters in all the figures indicate the same parts. A is the top plate of the stove;- B- isthe combustion-chamber; and Othe air-chamber, all in a single casting. V J i 1),fig. 2, is the X or middle detachable piece of the toflplate, which, when in combination with the latter, completes the openings for the covers.
' The combustion-chamber B is constructed with a therein. 3 i
The air-chamber O "has openings, a, all around, as seen in figs. l and 5, for the admission or. cold air to supply the combustion-chamber B. It'is constructed with a-descent to the middle 'of its bottom, all around, so as to cause the excess fluidito incline to this point, whence it passes through an opening into the globuregister, E, at each side, for the regulation of theheat The retainer is connected with the air-chamber by means of the hollow screw tube 1), which is screwed into the-bossd on the'lower side of the air-chamber, sons to beremoved at pleasure. 'I pack-the tube 1) with wire-gauze, to prevent the flame passing. with the fluid into" the retainer. I
G G G are th burners, in connection with the combustion-chamber B. One of the burners is shown in detail in figs 3 and 4.
The joint H of the fluid-pipe larging, as'represented in thedrawings, to the elbow J, withwhich it'has a screw connection, to provide a for packing it readily and efliciently, thus overcoming the difiiculty experienced in packing pipes of equal size throughout their length. Q The vapor-pipe-K', connecting at one end with the lower end of the elbowJ, is projected down-ward. and turned to ahorizontaidirect-ion to the lug a on the lower side' of the disk L, the vapor-passage projecting upward through the same and terminating with the nipple f, whereby the said vapor-pipe is kept free from-the flame to prevent the heating of the vapor as "it passes through the pipe. 1 v
The principal object of the disk is to prevent the cold air passing upward, it being of the necessary size and height to canse'the air to take a horizontal direction as it comes in over-Yt'he upward-projecting rim-g ot the disk, and strikeunder the-flame, being thereby partially-heated before coming into contact with v the vapor, to prevent the condensationof the latter. Thefiame is directed, by means of. the adjustable I make tapering, en V disk M, so as to strike the elbow J and pass over the end of the fluid-pipeH for the generation of the vapor.
\ stem j turning in the upper end of the standard It.
The adjustability of the said disk M adapts the burner to mechanical and artistic purposes, the flame being thereby turned in any required direction the disk, during the time it .is thus in use, being turned obliquely, as seen in figs. 3 and 4, so as to turn the flame outward from the elbow J, or, having the obliquity given sideways, so as to direct the flame toward one side of the burner. But, in order to give the flame an outward direction, there should be a plurality of holes, k, in the rim 9 of the disk L, for the purpose of changing the connection of the standard h from one to another, as may be required.
N is an injector for supplying the generator with light hydrocarbon oil, and for controlling the same, the injector being placed in any convenient position between the generator and reservoir.
It is provided with a pipe, 0, which leads to the I latter, and with apiston, P, for forcing the fluid into the main pipe Q. The said pipe Q communicates with the tapered pipesH H H, by means of the fittings R R R and short horizon t-al pipes S S S, each of the latter being provided with a valve, T, 'for cutting off or regulatingthe flow of fluid, in the usual manner.
, The main pipe is provided with a check-valve, U, near the injector N, for preventing fluid passing back into the injector when the piston P is being raised for the reception of additional fluid.
The piston P is provided with a valve, Y, opening downward, so that, when the piston is raised by means of the cord [passing from the ring on of the. rod n, and over a sheave, not shown in the drawings, when a new supply of oil has to be taken into the cylinder, the valve falls downward from its seat, opening the communication with the lower part of the cylinder.- When the cylinder is fill'ed the cord is released, and the weights Z, which rest on the disk 1) of the rod a, press the piston V on the fluid, thereby forcing the same into the generator.
WhatI claim as new, and desire" to secure by Letters Patent, is-- 1. The construction of the joint H of the fluid-pipe, of tapered form, enlarging toward the end connecting with the elbow J, so as to facilitate the packing of the pipe, substantially in the manner described.
2-. The combination and arrangement of the vaporpipe K, constructed substantially'as described, the elbow J, and fluid-joint pipe H, whereby the heating of the vapor is prevented before it reaches the nipple f, as above set forth.
3. The combination 'of the swivel-disk M with the adjustable standard h, by means of the screw-stem j, the said disk being arranged and operating'in relation to the elbow J and nipple f, substantially as described.
4. Thecombination and arrangement of the vessel F with the air-chamber G for collecting and retaining the excess fluid until removed, the vessel having its mouth packed with wire-gauze to prcventthe flame passing into the vessel with the fluid, substantiallyas specified.
5. The combination and arrangement of the injector.N with the generator for supplying the latter with fluid from a reservoir, and controlling the supply, substantially as above set forth. 7
In testimony that the above-is-my invention, I have hereunto set my ha nd and aflixed my seal this 11th day of March, 1870.
. JOSHUA COMLY. [L. s.] Witnesses:
Tnoams J. BEWLEY STEPHEN Us'rIoK-
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