TWI742676B - Tilt mechanism locking device of vehicle with front two wheels - Google Patents

Tilt mechanism locking device of vehicle with front two wheels Download PDF

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Publication number
TWI742676B
TWI742676B TW109116732A TW109116732A TWI742676B TW I742676 B TWI742676 B TW I742676B TW 109116732 A TW109116732 A TW 109116732A TW 109116732 A TW109116732 A TW 109116732A TW I742676 B TWI742676 B TW I742676B
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Taiwan
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locking
gear set
motor
vehicle
reduction gear
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TW109116732A
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Chinese (zh)
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TW202144220A (en
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丁信志
李炎修
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光陽工業股份有限公司
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Publication of TW202144220A publication Critical patent/TW202144220A/en

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Abstract

本發明係有關於一種具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,一傾斜機構,係設於車架單元前端側的支持構件上;一設於該支持構件前方的鎖定裝置,該鎖定裝置具有:一碟片,係設於該傾斜機構上,並與該傾斜機構同步傾斜擺動;一鎖定單元,係設於該車架單元前側的該支持構件上;該鎖定單元具有一可作為該鎖定單元做鎖定動作時動力源的馬達、一可被該馬達帶動的減速齒輪組、一可被該減速齒輪組帶動的推動組件、一可被該推動組件推動的鎖定卡鉗組,以及一可控制該鎖定單元作動與否的控制件;該鎖定單元的該鎖定卡鉗組可對該碟片做鎖定或解除鎖定的動作,藉此可藉由該鎖定單元來鎖定該碟片來使該傾斜機構不能相對於該支持構件做傾斜擺動,進而可使該車輛於駐車時可形成穩定的駐車定位;藉此可有效減少該鎖定單元的整體體積,並可有效利用該支持構件與該傾斜機構之間的空間來設置該鎖定裝置。 The present invention relates to a tilting mechanism locking device for a vehicle with two front wheels. A tilting mechanism is arranged on a support member on the front end side of a frame unit; a locking device is arranged in front of the support member, and the locking device has: A disc is attached to the tilting mechanism and tilts and swings synchronously with the tilting mechanism; a locking unit is attached to the support member on the front side of the frame unit; the locking unit has a locking unit that can be used as the locking unit The motor of the power source during the locking action, a reduction gear set that can be driven by the motor, a pushing assembly that can be driven by the reduction gear set, a locking caliper set that can be pushed by the pushing assembly, and a control unit that can control the locking unit Actuation or non-operation control; the locking caliper set of the locking unit can lock or unlock the disc, so that the disc can be locked by the locking unit so that the tilting mechanism cannot be relative to the The supporting member is tilted and oscillated, so that the vehicle can form a stable parking position when parking; thereby, the overall volume of the locking unit can be effectively reduced, and the space between the supporting member and the tilting mechanism can be effectively used for installation The locking device.

Description

具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置 Tilt mechanism locking device of vehicle with front two wheels

本發明係有關一種具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,尤指一種可有效減少鎖定單元的整體體積,並可有效利用該支持構件與該傾斜機構之間的空間來設置該鎖定裝置,從而可避免車輛為設置鎖定裝置而大型化的缺失產生的具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置。 The present invention relates to a tilt mechanism locking device for a vehicle with two front wheels, in particular to a type that can effectively reduce the overall volume of the locking unit, and can effectively use the space between the support member and the tilt mechanism to set the locking device, thereby It can avoid the tilt mechanism locking device of the vehicle with front two wheels, which is caused by the lack of a large-sized vehicle for installing the locking device.

按,具前兩輪的車輛,其轉向主要係仰賴於轉向桿前方設一轉向拉桿來達成前兩輪的轉向動作。 According to the key, the steering of a vehicle with two front wheels mainly relies on a steering rod set in front of the steering rod to achieve the steering action of the first two wheels.

如本國TWI346055「車輛用防搖擺裝置」發明專利案。該專利申請案固然已提供了具前兩輪的三輪車輛的駐車防止車輛傾倒的效果。該專利可防止活節四邊形結構搖擺移動的機構過於龐大,且以油管管線來作為防止搖擺的傳動構件,據此一方面造成車輛要容置體積龐大的防止機構而使整體配置空間受到嚴重的限制,另一方面油管管線傳遞效率低而造成防止傾倒的效果不佳,且油管管線的配設不易更會造成整體車輛的配置空間受損。 For example, the domestic patent case of TWI346055 "Anti-sway device for vehicles". The patent application has certainly provided the parking effect of a three-wheeled vehicle with two front wheels to prevent the vehicle from tipping over. The patent can prevent the swinging movement of the articulated quadrilateral structure from being too large, and the oil pipe line is used as the transmission member to prevent swinging. According to this, on the one hand, the vehicle has to accommodate a bulky prevention mechanism, which severely restricts the overall configuration space. On the other hand, the low transmission efficiency of the tubing and pipelines results in a poor dumping prevention effect, and the difficulty in the placement of the tubing and pipelines will cause damage to the overall vehicle configuration space.

因此,如何提供一種具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,以提升車輛於駐車時的穩定性,以及鎖定裝置小型化,已為車輛業者亟待解決之課題。 Therefore, how to provide a tilt mechanism locking device for a two-wheeled vehicle in order to improve the stability of the vehicle when the vehicle is parked and to miniaturize the locking device has become an urgent problem to be solved by the vehicle industry.

本發明主要目的在於提供一種具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,藉此可有效減少該鎖定單元的整體體積並可有效利用該支持構件與該傾斜機構之間的空間。 The main purpose of the present invention is to provide a tilt mechanism locking device for a vehicle with two front wheels, which can effectively reduce the overall volume of the locking unit and effectively utilize the space between the support member and the tilt mechanism.

為此,本發明第1主要技術手段,乃在提供一種具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,一傾斜機構,係設於車架單元前端側的支持構件上;一設於該支持構件前方的鎖定裝置,該鎖定裝置具有:一碟片,係設於該傾斜機構上,並與該傾斜機構同步傾斜擺動;一鎖定單元,係設於該車架單元前側的該支持構件上;該鎖定單元具有一可作為該鎖定單元做鎖定動作時動力源的馬達、一可被該馬達帶動的減速齒輪組、一可被該減速齒輪組帶動的推動組件、一可被該推動組件推動的鎖定卡鉗組,以及一可控制該鎖定單元作動與否的控制件;該鎖定單元的該鎖定卡鉗組可對該碟片做鎖定或解除鎖定的動作,藉此可藉由該鎖定單元來鎖定該碟片來使該傾斜機構不能相對於該支持構件做傾斜擺動,進而可使該車輛於駐車時可形成穩定的駐車定位。 To this end, the first main technical means of the present invention is to provide a tilt mechanism locking device for a vehicle with front two wheels. A tilt mechanism is attached to the support member at the front end of the frame unit; The locking device has: a disc attached to the tilting mechanism and tilting and swinging synchronously with the tilting mechanism; a locking unit attached to the support member on the front side of the frame unit; the locking The unit has a motor that can be used as a power source for the locking unit to perform a locking action, a reduction gear set that can be driven by the motor, a pushing assembly that can be driven by the reduction gear set, and a locking caliper that can be pushed by the pushing assembly Group, and a control element that can control whether the locking unit is activated or not; the locking caliper group of the locking unit can lock or unlock the disc, so that the disc can be locked by the locking unit In order to prevent the tilting mechanism from tilting and swinging relative to the supporting member, a stable parking position can be formed when the vehicle is parked.

為此,本發明第2主要技術手段,乃在提供一種具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,該傾斜機構包括有一樞接於該支持構件上的上橫桿部、一樞接於該支持構件上並位於該上橫桿部下方的下橫桿部、一樞接於該上橫桿部與下橫桿部之左側桿部及一樞接於該上橫桿部與下橫桿部之右側桿部;該碟片係設於該下橫桿部上並位於該傾斜機構的前方。 To this end, the second main technical means of the present invention is to provide a tilt mechanism locking device for a vehicle with two front wheels. A lower crossbar portion on the component and located below the upper crossbar portion, a left-side rod portion pivotally connected to the upper crossbar portion and the lower crossbar portion, and a left-side rod portion pivotally connected to the upper crossbar portion and the lower crossbar portion Right rod part; the disc is arranged on the lower cross rod part and located in front of the tilting mechanism.

為此,本發明第3主要技術手段,乃在提供一種具前兩輪車 輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,該鎖定單元係位於該碟片的後方及該支持構件的前方,由側視觀視,該鎖定單元的該減速齒輪組係位於該碟片與該支持構件之間。 For this reason, the third main technical means of the present invention is to provide a two-wheeled vehicle with a front In the tilt mechanism locking device of a vehicle, the locking unit is located behind the disc and in front of the supporting member. When viewed from a side view, the reduction gear set of the locking unit is located between the disc and the supporting member.

為此,本發明第4主要技術手段,乃在提供一種具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,該馬達係設置於該鎖定卡鉗組的上側,從俯視觀視,該鎖定單元的該馬達與該鎖定卡鉗組至少成部分重疊。 To this end, the fourth main technical means of the present invention is to provide a tilt mechanism locking device for a vehicle with two front wheels. The motor is arranged on the upper side of the locking caliper group. When viewed from the top, the motor of the locking unit is The locking caliper group at least partially overlaps.

為此,本發明第5主要技術手段,乃在提供一種具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,該減速齒輪組具有一主動齒輪、一可被該主動齒輪帶動的第一中間齒輪組、一可被該第一中間齒輪組帶動的第二中間齒輪組、一可被該第二中間齒輪組帶動的輸出齒輪;該主動齒輪係軸設於該馬達的該輸出軸上;該輸出齒輪可帶動該推動組件;該減速齒輪組所有的齒輪為圓形齒輪。 To this end, the fifth main technical means of the present invention is to provide a tilt mechanism locking device for a vehicle with two front wheels. The reduction gear set has a driving gear, a first intermediate gear set that can be driven by the driving gear, and A second intermediate gear set that can be driven by the first intermediate gear set, an output gear that can be driven by the second intermediate gear set; the driving gear train shaft is arranged on the output shaft of the motor; the output gear can drive The pushing assembly; all the gears of the reduction gear set are circular gears.

為此,本發明第6主要技術手段,乃在提供一種具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,該減速齒輪組的該第一中間齒輪組與該第二中間齒輪組的至少之一,係被配設於偏離該主動齒輪與該輸出齒輪中心連線外。 To this end, the sixth main technical means of the present invention is to provide a tilt mechanism locking device for a vehicle with two front wheels. At least one of the first intermediate gear set and the second intermediate gear set of the reduction gear set is It is arranged outside the line deviating from the center of the driving gear and the output gear.

為此,本發明第7主要技術手段,乃在提供一種具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,該馬達與該減速齒輪組係被組設一盒體內,該盒體具有一馬達容置部及一減速齒輪組容置部,該馬達容置部的一端係與該減速齒輪組容置部相連通,該減速齒輪組容置部外部蓋設有一外蓋,該外蓋與該減速齒輪組容置部之間設有一防漏墊片;該馬達的輸出軸伸入該減速齒輪組容置部。 To this end, the seventh main technical means of the present invention is to provide a tilt mechanism locking device for a vehicle with two front wheels. The motor and the reduction gear assembly are assembled in a box, and the box has a motor accommodating part. And a reduction gear set accommodating part, one end of the motor accommodating part is in communication with the reduction gear set accommodating part, the reduction gear set accommodating part is provided with an outer cover, the outer cover and the reduction gear set A leak-proof gasket is arranged between the accommodating parts; the output shaft of the motor extends into the accommodating part of the reduction gear set.

為此,本發明第8主要技術手段,乃在提供一種具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,該馬達係被容設於該馬達容置部內,該馬達容置部底側設有一底蓋,該底蓋與該馬達的底側之間設有一減震件。 To this end, the eighth main technical means of the present invention is to provide a tilt mechanism locking device for a vehicle with two front wheels. The motor is housed in the motor housing portion, and a bottom cover is provided on the bottom side of the motor housing portion. A shock absorber is arranged between the bottom cover and the bottom side of the motor.

為此,本發明第9主要技術手段,乃在提供一種具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,該鎖定單元係藉由一連結件連結於該車架單元的該支持構件前上方。 To this end, the ninth main technical means of the present invention is to provide a tilt mechanism locking device for a vehicle with two front wheels. The locking unit is connected to the upper front of the support member of the frame unit by a connecting piece.

為此,本發明第10主要技術手段,乃在提供一種具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,該推動組件具有一推動桿件、一推動件及一活塞,該推動桿件的一端與該輸出齒輪連接;該推動桿件具有梯形螺牙的螺紋部,該推動桿件的該螺紋部嵌入該推動件內並與其囓合。 For this reason, the tenth main technical means of the present invention is to provide a tilt mechanism locking device for a vehicle with two front wheels. The pushing assembly has a pushing rod, a pushing member and a piston. The output gear is connected; the pushing rod has a threaded portion with a trapezoidal thread, and the threaded portion of the pushing rod is embedded in and engaged with the pushing member.

本發明藉由第1主要技術手段所能達成之功效在於:藉此可藉由將該馬達、該減速齒輪組、該推動組件、該鎖定卡鉗組一體化的設計構造,且為電機式的直接作動,可避免習知技藝以油管管線所造成的配設不易與體積龐大之缺失產生;據此,一方面藉由該鎖定單元將該馬達、該減速齒輪組、該推動組件、該鎖定卡鉗組一體化的設計構造,可有效減少該鎖定單元的整體體積;另一方面可藉由該鎖定單元為電機式的鎖定方式進而可提升該鎖定裝置的鎖定能力。 The effect that the present invention can achieve by the first main technical means is that it can be designed and constructed by integrating the motor, the reduction gear set, the pushing assembly, and the locking caliper set, and it is a direct motor type. Actuation can avoid the inconvenience and bulky lack of configuration caused by conventional techniques with tubing and pipelines; accordingly, on the one hand, the locking unit uses the motor, the reduction gear set, the pushing assembly, and the locking caliper set. The integrated design structure can effectively reduce the overall volume of the locking unit; on the other hand, the locking capability of the locking device can be improved by using the locking unit as a motor-type locking method.

本發明藉由第2主要技術手段所能達成之功效在於:藉此可提升煞車鎖定的力臂,從而可使用較小尺寸的馬達與減速齒輪組,藉此進一步的可使該鎖定單元小型化。 The effect that the present invention can achieve by the second main technical means is that it can raise the lever arm of the brake lock, so that a smaller size motor and reduction gear set can be used, thereby further miniaturizing the locking unit .

本發明藉由第3主要技術手段所能達成之功效在於:藉此可以充分利用該碟片與該支持構件之間的空間,減少佔據該車輛前面的空 間,從而可避免該車輛的前部大型化。 The effect that the present invention can achieve by the third main technical means is that it can make full use of the space between the disc and the supporting member and reduce the space occupied in front of the vehicle. Therefore, the front part of the vehicle can be prevented from being enlarged.

本發明藉由第4主要技術手段所能達成之功效在於:藉此可減少該馬達佔據該支持構件左右二側至該傾斜機構的該上橫桿部之間的空間,從而可避免該馬達對於該傾斜機構的該上橫桿部做傾斜擺動的干擾,進而可確保該傾斜機構的該上橫桿部傾斜擺動的擺動角度。 The effect of the present invention achieved by the fourth main technical means is that the space between the left and right sides of the supporting member and the upper crossbar of the tilting mechanism can be reduced by the motor, thereby preventing the motor from being affected The upper cross-bar portion of the tilting mechanism interferes with tilting and swinging, thereby ensuring the tilting swing angle of the upper cross-bar portion of the tilting mechanism.

本發明藉由第5主要技術手段所能達成之功效在於:藉此可使該減速齒輪組不受容置至盒體的形狀限制,以確保該鎖定單元的鎖定扭力。 The effect achieved by the fifth main technical means of the present invention is that the reduction gear set can be free from the restriction of the shape of the box body, so as to ensure the locking torque of the locking unit.

本發明藉由第6主要技術手段所能達成之功效在於:藉此可有效縮短該鎖定單元整體的長度,從而可減少占據車體上下方向的空間,進而可避免該車輛的前部大型化。 The effect achieved by the sixth main technical means of the present invention is that it can effectively shorten the overall length of the locking unit, thereby reducing the space occupied in the vertical direction of the vehicle body, and thereby avoiding the front part of the vehicle from being enlarged.

本發明藉由第7主要技術手段所能達成之功效在於:藉此可提升該鎖定單元的防水性。 The effect achieved by the seventh main technical means of the present invention is that the waterproofness of the locking unit can be improved.

本發明藉由第8主要技術手段所能達成之功效在於:藉此可提升該馬達的緩衝性效果。 The effect that the present invention can achieve by the eighth main technical means is that it can improve the cushioning effect of the motor.

本發明藉由第9主要技術手段所能達成之功效在於:藉此可便利於該鎖定單元的設置,以及可充分利用該支持構件與該傾斜機構之間的空間。 The effect of the present invention achieved by the ninth main technical means is that it can facilitate the installation of the locking unit and make full use of the space between the supporting member and the tilting mechanism.

本發明藉由第10主要技術手段所能達成之功效在於:藉此可提升該鎖定裝置的鎖定扭力。 The effect of the present invention achieved by the tenth main technical means is that the locking torque of the locking device can be increased by this.

1:車輛 1: Vehicle

11:車體蓋單元 11: body cover unit

12:車架單元 12: Frame unit

121:支持構件 121: support member

1211:連結件 1211: link

122:轉向把手 122: steering handle

123:轉向桿 123: steering rod

13:前輪 13: front wheel

131:左前輪 131: Left front wheel

132:右前輪 132: Right front wheel

14:後輪 14: rear wheel

15:座椅單元 15: Seat unit

16:動力單元 16: power unit

2:傾斜機構 2: Tilt mechanism

21:上橫桿部 21: Upper crossbar

22:下橫桿部 22: Lower crossbar

23:左側桿部 23: Left stick

231:左側軸桿 231: Left shaft

24:右側桿部 24: Right rod

241:右側軸桿 241: Right axle

3:轉向拉桿 3: Steering lever

4:中央支撐構件 4: Central support member

41:中央連結板 41: Central link plate

5:左支撐構件 5: Left support member

51:左連結板 51: left link plate

52:左連結橋 52: Left Link Bridge

6:右支撐構件 6: Right support member

61:右連結板 61: Right link plate

62:右連結橋 62: Right Link Bridge

7:碟片 7: Disc

8:鎖定單元 8: Locking unit

81:馬達 81: Motor

811:輸出軸 811: output shaft

82:減速齒輪組 82: Reduction gear set

821:主動齒輪 821: Driving Gear

822:第一中間齒輪組 822: first intermediate gear set

8221:大直徑第一中間齒輪 8221: Large diameter first intermediate gear

8222:小直徑第一中間齒輪 8222: Small diameter first intermediate gear

823:第二中間齒輪組 823: second intermediate gear set

8231:大直徑第二中間齒輪 8231: Large diameter second intermediate gear

8232:小直徑第二中間齒輪 8232: Small diameter second intermediate gear

824:輸出齒輪 824: output gear

83:推動組件 83: Push the component

831:推動桿件 831: Push rod

8311:螺紋部 8311: Threaded part

832:推動件 832: push piece

833:活塞 833: Piston

84:鎖定卡鉗組 84: Locking caliper group

841:外來令片 841: foreign order

842:內來令片 842: Inner Order

85:控制件 85: control

86:盒體 86: Box

861:馬達容置部 861: motor housing

862:減速齒輪組容置部 862: Reduction gear set containing part

863:外蓋 863: Outer Cover

864:防漏墊片 864: Leakproof gasket

865:底蓋 865: bottom cover

866:減震件 866: shock absorber

A:鎖定裝置 A: Locking device

RC:右避震器 RC: Right shock absorber

LC:左避震器 LC: Left shock absorber

Y:中心連線 Y: Center connection

〔圖1〕係本發明具前兩輪車輛的立體圖。 [Figure 1] is a perspective view of a vehicle with front two wheels of the present invention.

〔圖2〕係本發明車輛前半部的傾斜機構與鎖定裝置的側視圖。 [Figure 2] is a side view of the tilt mechanism and locking device of the front half of the vehicle of the present invention.

〔圖3〕係本發明車輛前半部的傾斜機構與鎖定裝置的前視圖。 [Figure 3] is a front view of the tilt mechanism and locking device of the front half of the vehicle of the present invention.

〔圖4〕係本發明鎖定裝置的安裝後立體圖。 [Figure 4] is a perspective view of the locking device of the present invention after installation.

〔圖5〕係本發明鎖定裝置的俯視圖。 [Figure 5] is a top view of the locking device of the present invention.

〔圖6〕係本發明鎖定單元的減速齒輪組的示意圖。 [Figure 6] is a schematic diagram of the reduction gear set of the locking unit of the present invention.

〔圖7〕係本發明鎖定裝置的剖視圖。 [Figure 7] is a cross-sectional view of the locking device of the present invention.

為使 貴審查官更容易了解本發明之結構及所能達成之功效,茲配合圖式說明如下; In order to make it easier for your examiner to understand the structure of the present invention and the effects that can be achieved, the following descriptions are provided in conjunction with the diagrams;

如圖1、2所示,該車輛1至少包括有車體蓋單元11、被該車體蓋單元11所包覆的車架單元12、設於該車架單元12前方的左右一對配置的前輪13、一設於該車架單元12後側的後輪14、一設於該車架單元12上方並可供騎乘者承坐的座椅單元15及一提供車輛1動力源的動力單元16。 As shown in Figures 1 and 2, the vehicle 1 includes at least a vehicle body cover unit 11, a frame unit 12 covered by the vehicle body cover unit 11, and a pair of left and right arrangements arranged in front of the frame unit 12. Front wheel 13, a rear wheel 14 arranged on the rear side of the frame unit 12, a seat unit 15 arranged above the frame unit 12 and capable of being seated by a rider, and a power unit that provides the power source of the vehicle 1 16.

如圖1、2、3所示,該車架單元12的前方(車輛1車頭方向為前方)設有一支持構件121及一轉向把手122,該支持構件121上樞設有一傾斜機構2及一轉向拉桿3。該支持構件121樞設有可被該轉向把手122帶動的轉向桿123,該轉向桿123由該支持構件121的上方穿入該支持構件121內,且該轉向桿123的下端穿出該支持構件121的下端,該轉向桿123穿出該支持構件121下端部分設置一中央支撐構件4,該中央支撐構件4連接有中央連結板41。 As shown in Figures 1, 2, and 3, the front of the frame unit 12 (the front direction of the vehicle 1 is the front) is provided with a support member 121 and a steering handle 122. The support member 121 is pivotally provided with a tilt mechanism 2 and a steering handle. Tie rod 3. The support member 121 is pivotally provided with a steering rod 123 that can be driven by the steering handle 122, the steering rod 123 penetrates into the support member 121 from above the support member 121, and the lower end of the steering rod 123 penetrates the support member At the lower end of the support member 121, the steering rod 123 passes through the lower end of the support member 121 and is provided with a central support member 4, and the central support member 4 is connected to a central connecting plate 41.

如圖2、3、4所示,該傾斜機構2包括有一樞接於該支持構件121上的上橫桿部21、一樞接於該支持構件121上並位於該上橫桿部21下方的下橫桿部22、一樞接於該上橫桿部21與下橫桿部22之左側桿部23(以駕駛人承坐於車輛上的左手為左側右手為右側,以下左、右側皆同)及一樞接於該上橫桿部21與下橫桿部22之右側桿部24。 As shown in Figures 2, 3, and 4, the tilt mechanism 2 includes an upper cross-bar portion 21 pivotally connected to the supporting member 121, and a pivotally connected to the supporting member 121 and located below the upper cross-bar portion 21 The lower cross bar 22, a left side bar 23 pivotally connected to the upper cross bar 21 and the lower cross bar 22 (take the left hand of the driver sitting on the vehicle as the left hand and the right hand as the right side, the following left and right sides are the same ) And a right rod part 24 pivotally connected to the upper cross rod part 21 and the lower cross rod part 22.

如圖2、3、4所示,該傾斜機構2的上橫桿部21係為左右一對方式樞接於該支持構件121上;更明確的說,該上橫桿部21左右一對係以共同鎖付的方式來樞接於該支持構件121,並使左右一對的上橫桿部21以該車輛1前後方向同軸的樞接於該支持構件121上;該上橫桿部21以該車輛1前後方向樞接方式樞接著該左側桿部23及右側桿部24的上方部。 As shown in Figures 2, 3, and 4, the upper crossbar 21 of the tilt mechanism 2 is pivotally connected to the supporting member 121 in a pair of left and right; more specifically, the upper crossbar 21 is a pair of left and right systems. It is pivotally connected to the supporting member 121 in a common locking manner, and a pair of left and right upper cross-bar portions 21 are pivotally connected to the supporting member 121 coaxially in the front-to-rear direction of the vehicle 1; the upper cross-bar portion 21 is The vehicle 1 pivotally connects the upper part of the left side lever portion 23 and the right side lever portion 24 in a pivotal manner in the front-to-rear direction.

如圖2、3、4所示,該傾斜機構2的下橫桿部22係為一框體並以前後方式樞接於該支持構件121上,該下橫桿部22係以該車輛1前後方向同軸的樞接於該支持構件121上,該下橫桿部22以該車輛1車體前後方向樞接方式樞接著該左側桿部23及右側桿部24的下方部。 As shown in Figures 2, 3, and 4, the lower crossbar 22 of the tilt mechanism 2 is a frame and is pivotally connected to the support member 121 in a front-to-back manner. The lower crossbar 22 is tied to the front and rear of the vehicle 1. The lower cross bar 22 is pivotally connected to the supporting member 121 in a coaxial direction.

如圖3、4所示,該傾斜機構2的左側桿部23係上部樞接於該上橫桿部21,其下部樞接於該下橫桿部22上;該左側桿部23內穿設有一左側軸桿231,該左側軸桿231下端連結有一左支撐構件5,該左支撐構件5連結有一左連結板51及左連結橋52,該左連結橋52連結支撐著左避震器LC,該左避震器LC下端支撐著左前輪13 1。該傾斜機構2的右側桿部24係上部樞接於該上橫桿部21,其下部樞接於該下橫桿部22上;該右側桿部24內穿設有一右側軸桿241,該右側軸桿241下端連結有一右支撐構件6,該右支撐構件6連結有一右連結板61及右連結橋62,該右連結橋62連結支撐著右避震器RC,該右避震器RC下端支撐著右前輪132。 As shown in Figures 3 and 4, the left side bar 23 of the tilt mechanism 2 is pivotally connected to the upper cross bar 21 at the upper part, and pivotally connected to the lower cross bar 22 at the lower part; There is a left shaft 231, the lower end of the left shaft 231 is connected with a left support member 5, the left support member 5 is connected with a left connecting plate 51 and a left connecting bridge 52, and the left connecting bridge 52 connects and supports the left shock absorber LC, The lower end of the left shock absorber LC supports the left front wheel 13 1. The right rod 24 of the tilt mechanism 2 is pivotally connected to the upper cross rod 21 at its upper part, and pivotally connected to the lower cross rod 22 at its lower part; a right shaft 241 is inserted into the right rod 24, the right side A right support member 6 is connected to the lower end of the shaft 241. The right support member 6 is connected to a right connecting plate 61 and a right connecting bridge 62. The right connecting bridge 62 connects and supports the right shock absorber RC, which supports the lower end of the right shock absorber RC. The right front wheel 132.

如圖2、3、4所示,該傾斜機構2係藉由樞接於該支持構件121上方的上橫桿部21、樞接於該支持構件121下方的下橫桿部22,以及上下部分別樞接於該上橫桿部21及下橫桿部22的左側桿部23,上下部分別樞接於該上橫桿部21及下橫桿部22的右側桿部24,所構成的略平行四邊形框型架體,藉此該傾斜機構2即可以該上橫桿部21、該下橫桿部22、左側桿部23與右側桿部24以平行四邊形的運動方式作傾斜擺動。 As shown in Figures 2, 3, and 4, the tilt mechanism 2 is provided by an upper cross bar 21 pivoted above the support member 121, a lower cross bar 22 pivotally connected below the support member 121, and upper and lower parts. Do not pivotally connect to the left side rod portion 23 of the upper cross bar portion 21 and the lower cross bar portion 22, and the upper and lower portions are pivotally connected to the right side bar portion 24 of the upper cross bar portion 21 and the lower cross bar portion 22, respectively. Parallelogram frame-shaped frame body, whereby the tilt mechanism 2 can tilt and swing the upper cross bar portion 21, the lower cross bar portion 22, the left side bar portion 23 and the right side bar portion 24 in a parallelogram motion.

如圖1、2、3、4、5、6、7所示,該車架單元12於該支持構件121的前方設有可防止該傾斜機構2於駐車時傾斜的鎖定裝置A,該鎖定裝置A具有一碟片7及一可鎖定該碟片7的鎖定單元8。該碟片7係為上寬下窄的扇形片體,該碟片7的下端鎖設於該傾斜機構2的該下橫桿部22上且係位於該傾斜機構2的前方,更明確的說,即該碟片7係比該傾斜機構2更朝車體前方設置,藉此該碟片7可與該傾斜機構2做同步的擺動;該鎖定單元8藉由一連結件1211連結於該車架單元12的該支持構件121前上方上,亦即該鎖定單元8係被固定在支持構件121上而不會隨該傾斜機構2擺動。該鎖定單元8具有一可作為該鎖定單元8做鎖定動作時動力源的馬達81、一可被該馬達81帶動的減速齒 輪組82、一可被該減速齒輪組82帶動的推動組件83、一可被該推動組件83推動的鎖定卡鉗組84,以及一可控制該鎖定單元8作動與否的控制件85;該鎖定單元8係位於該碟片7的後方及該支持構件121的前方,由側視觀視,該鎖定單元8的該減速齒輪組82係位於該碟片7與該支持構件121之間。 As shown in Figures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7, the frame unit 12 is provided with a locking device A in front of the supporting member 121 that can prevent the tilting mechanism 2 from tilting during parking. A has a disc 7 and a locking unit 8 that can lock the disc 7. The disc 7 is a fan-shaped body with a wide upper and a narrow lower end. The lower end of the disc 7 is locked on the lower crossbar portion 22 of the tilting mechanism 2 and is located in front of the tilting mechanism 2, more specifically , That is, the disc 7 is arranged more toward the front of the vehicle body than the tilting mechanism 2, whereby the disc 7 can swing synchronously with the tilting mechanism 2; the locking unit 8 is connected to the vehicle by a connecting member 1211 The supporting member 121 of the frame unit 12 is on the upper front side, that is, the locking unit 8 is fixed on the supporting member 121 without swinging with the tilting mechanism 2. The locking unit 8 has a motor 81 that can be used as a power source when the locking unit 8 performs a locking action, and a reduction gear that can be driven by the motor 81 The wheel set 82, a pushing assembly 83 that can be driven by the reduction gear set 82, a locking caliper set 84 that can be pushed by the pushing assembly 83, and a control member 85 that can control whether the locking unit 8 is actuated or not; the locking The unit 8 is located behind the disc 7 and in front of the supporting member 121. From a side view, the reduction gear set 82 of the locking unit 8 is located between the disc 7 and the supporting member 121.

如圖1、2、3、4、5、6、7所示,該鎖定單元8的該馬達81電性連接該車輛1的電池(圖式中未繪出),藉此可使該馬達81獲得運作時的電力源,該馬達81同時電性連接該控制件85,藉此駕駛人可藉由操作該控制件85即可使該馬達81啟動與否,從而可控制該鎖定單元8做鎖定動作與解除鎖定動作,該控制件85於實施時可以按鈕或拉桿等來實施,更進一步的該控制件85可與該車輛1的中央控制器(ECU)(圖式中未繪出)連動,藉由該中央控制器(ECU)依據行車訊息來控制該馬達81啟動與否;該馬達81與該減速齒輪組82係被組設一盒體86內,該盒體86具有一馬達容置部861及一減速齒輪組容置部862,該馬達容置部861的一端係與該減速齒輪組容置部862相連通,該減速齒輪組容置部862外部蓋設有一外蓋863,該外蓋863與該減速齒輪組容置部862之間設有一防漏墊片864;該馬達81係被容設於該馬達容置部861內,該馬達容置部861底側設有一底蓋865,該底蓋865與該馬達81的底端之間設有一減震件866,該減震件866可供該馬達81的底端抵靠,藉此可使該馬達81於運作時具備有減少震動的效果;更須一提的是,該馬達81係被配設於該鎖定卡鉗組84上方,如從俯視來觀視,該馬達81與該鎖定卡鉗組84至少有部 分形成重疊狀,藉此可減少該傾斜機構2的該上橫桿部21的擺動空間,從而可避免該馬達81對於該傾斜機構2的該上橫桿部21做傾斜擺動的干擾,進而可確保該傾斜機構2的該上橫桿部21傾斜擺動的擺動角度。 As shown in Figs. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7, the motor 81 of the locking unit 8 is electrically connected to the battery of the vehicle 1 (not shown in the figure), thereby enabling the motor 81 To obtain the power source during operation, the motor 81 is electrically connected to the control member 85 at the same time, so that the driver can activate the motor 81 by operating the control member 85, thereby controlling the locking unit 8 to lock Actions and unlocking actions, the control element 85 can be implemented by buttons or levers during implementation. Furthermore, the control element 85 can be linked with the central controller (ECU) of the vehicle 1 (not shown in the figure). The central controller (ECU) controls whether the motor 81 is activated or not according to the driving information; the motor 81 and the reduction gear set 82 are assembled in a box 86 which has a motor accommodating part 861 and a reduction gear set accommodating portion 862. One end of the motor accommodating portion 861 communicates with the reduction gear set accommodating portion 862. The reduction gear set accommodating portion 862 is externally covered with an outer cover 863. A leak-proof gasket 864 is provided between the cover 863 and the reduction gear assembly accommodating portion 862; the motor 81 is accommodated in the motor accommodating portion 861, and a bottom cover 865 is provided on the bottom side of the motor accommodating portion 861 A shock-absorbing member 866 is provided between the bottom cover 865 and the bottom end of the motor 81. The shock-absorbing member 866 can be used to abut the bottom end of the motor 81, thereby enabling the motor 81 to have a reduced The effect of vibration; more importantly, the motor 81 is arranged above the locking caliper group 84. If viewed from a top view, the motor 81 and the locking caliper group 84 are at least partially The upper cross-bar 21 of the tilting mechanism 2 can be reduced in an overlapping shape, thereby reducing the swing space of the upper cross-bar 21 of the tilting mechanism 2, thereby avoiding the interference of the motor 81 with the tilting and swinging of the upper cross-bar 21 of the tilting mechanism 2. The swing angle at which the upper crossbar portion 21 of the tilt mechanism 2 tilts and swings is ensured.

如圖6、7所示,該減速齒輪組82的所有齒輪為圓形齒輪,該減速齒輪組82具有一主動齒輪821、一可被該主動齒輪821帶動的第一中間齒輪組822、一可被該第一中間齒輪組822帶動的第二中間齒輪組823、一可被該第二中間齒輪組823帶動的輸出齒輪824;該主動齒輪821係軸設於該馬達81的該輸出軸811上,該第一中間齒輪組822具有一大直徑第一中間齒輪8221及一小直徑第一中間齒輪8222,該第二中間齒輪組823具有一大直徑第二中間齒輪8231及一小直徑第二中間齒輪8232;藉此該馬達81被啟動後即可藉由該主動齒輪821與其囓合的該大直徑第一中間齒輪8221來帶動該第一中間齒輪組822轉動,該第一中間齒輪組822以該小直徑第一中間齒輪8222與其相囓合的該大直徑第二中間齒輪8231來帶動該第二中間齒輪組832轉動,該第二中間齒輪組823以該小直徑第二中間齒輪8232來帶動該輸出齒輪824轉動,該減速齒輪組82即可帶動推動組件83來使該鎖定卡鉗組84來作動煞鎖該碟片7,該減速齒輪組82即藉由上述的減速提升扭力的方式來提升該鎖定單元8的鎖定力;更須一提的是,該減速齒輪組82的該主動齒輪821、第一中間齒輪組822、第二中間齒輪組823、輸出齒輪824的設置,其中,該第一中間齒輪組822與該第二中間齒輪組823的至少之一,係被配設於偏離該主動齒輪821與該輸出齒輪824中心連線Y外,藉此可有效 縮短該鎖定單元8整體的上下高度,從而可減少占據車體上下方向的空間,進而可提升該鎖定單元8設置時的便利性。 As shown in Figures 6 and 7, all gears of the reduction gear set 82 are circular gears. The reduction gear set 82 has a driving gear 821, a first intermediate gear set 822 that can be driven by the driving gear 821, and a A second intermediate gear set 823 driven by the first intermediate gear set 822, an output gear 824 that can be driven by the second intermediate gear set 823; the driving gear 821 is mounted on the output shaft 811 of the motor 81 The first intermediate gear set 822 has a large-diameter first intermediate gear 8221 and a small-diameter first intermediate gear 8222, and the second intermediate gear set 823 has a large-diameter second intermediate gear 8231 and a small-diameter second intermediate gear. Gear 8232; so that after the motor 81 is activated, the large-diameter first intermediate gear 8221 with which the driving gear 821 meshes can drive the first intermediate gear set 822 to rotate, and the first intermediate gear set 822 uses the The small-diameter first intermediate gear 8222 meshes with the large-diameter second intermediate gear 8231 to drive the second intermediate gear set 832 to rotate, and the second intermediate gear set 823 uses the small-diameter second intermediate gear 8232 to drive the output When the gear 824 rotates, the reduction gear set 82 can drive the pushing assembly 83 to cause the locking caliper set 84 to actuate and lock the disc 7, and the reduction gear set 82 enhances the lock by the aforementioned method of reducing and increasing the torque. The locking force of the unit 8; what should be mentioned is the arrangement of the driving gear 821, the first intermediate gear set 822, the second intermediate gear set 823, and the output gear 824 of the reduction gear set 82, wherein the first intermediate gear set At least one of the gear set 822 and the second intermediate gear set 823 is arranged outside the line Y deviating from the center line Y of the driving gear 821 and the output gear 824, so as to be effective The vertical height of the entire locking unit 8 is shortened, so that the space occupied in the vertical direction of the vehicle body can be reduced, and the convenience of the installation of the locking unit 8 can be improved.

如圖2、3、4、5、6、7所示,該推動組件83具有一推動桿件831、一推動件832及一活塞833,該推動桿件831的一端與該輸出齒輪824連接,藉此該推動組件83可被該輸出齒輪824帶動旋轉而可產生旋轉的軸向推動力;該推動桿件831的另一端具有梯形螺牙的螺紋部8311,該推動桿件831的該螺紋部8311嵌入該推動件832內並與其囓合;該鎖定卡鉗組84具有外來令片841與內來令片842,當該推動組件83可被該輸出齒輪824帶動旋轉而可產生旋轉的軸向推動力時,該推動桿件831即可藉由螺紋部8311與該推動件832所產生的旋轉的軸向力,從而使該推動件832頂推該活塞833,該活塞833再推動該內來令片842,藉此該鎖定卡鉗組84的該外來令片841與該內來令片842可對該碟片7形成煞車式的鎖定,進而可使該傾斜機構2形成被鎖定狀態(LOCK),此時該傾斜機構2即不能相對於該支持構件121做相對的傾斜擺動;反之,當欲解除該傾斜機構2鎖定狀態(LOCK)時,只需令該馬達81與鎖定動作轉向反向轉動,該推動組件83可被該輸出齒輪824帶動旋轉而可產生反向旋轉,該推動桿件831藉由螺紋部8311與該推動件832所產生的旋轉的反向軸向力,來使該推動件832不再頂推該活塞833,該活塞833同時不再頂推該內來令片842,藉此該鎖定卡鉗組84的該外來令片841與該內來令片842即不再對該碟片7形成煞車式的鎖定,進而可使該傾斜機構2解除被鎖定狀態(UNLOCK),該傾斜機構2即可 恢復相對於該支持構件121做相對的傾斜擺動。 As shown in Figures 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7, the pushing assembly 83 has a pushing rod 831, a pushing member 832, and a piston 833. One end of the pushing rod 831 is connected to the output gear 824, Thereby, the pushing assembly 83 can be rotated by the output gear 824 to generate a rotational axial pushing force; the other end of the pushing rod 831 has a threaded portion 8311 with a trapezoidal thread, and the threaded portion of the pushing rod 831 8311 is embedded in the pushing member 832 and meshes with it; the locking caliper set 84 has an external reaming piece 841 and an inner reaming piece 842, when the pushing assembly 83 can be driven to rotate by the output gear 824 to generate a rotational axial pushing force At this time, the pushing rod 831 can use the rotating axial force generated by the threaded portion 8311 and the pushing member 832, so that the pushing member 832 pushes the piston 833, and the piston 833 pushes the inner plate 842, by this, the external make-up piece 841 and the internal make-up piece 842 of the locking caliper group 84 can form a brake-like lock on the disc 7, thereby enabling the tilt mechanism 2 to be in a locked state (LOCK). At this time, the tilting mechanism 2 cannot tilt and swing relative to the supporting member 121; on the contrary, when the locked state (LOCK) of the tilting mechanism 2 is to be released, only the motor 81 and the locking action need to be rotated in the opposite direction. The pushing assembly 83 can be driven to rotate by the output gear 824 to generate reverse rotation. The pushing rod 831 is rotated by the threaded portion 8311 and the pushing member 832 to rotate the reverse axial force to make the pushing member 832 The piston 833 is no longer pushed, and the piston 833 no longer pushes the inner disc 842 at the same time, so that the outer disc 841 and the inner disc 842 of the locking caliper group 84 no longer apply to the disc. 7 Form a brake-type lock, and then the tilt mechanism 2 can be unlocked (UNLOCK), and the tilt mechanism 2 is sufficient The relative tilting swing relative to the supporting member 121 is restored.

如圖1、2、3、4、5、6、7所示,當車輛1的駕駛人欲進行暫時性(等待交通燈號)或較長時間的駐車時,即可藉由該控制件85來使該馬達81啟動來帶動該減速齒輸組82轉動,該減速齒輸組82的該輸出齒輪824即可帶動該推動組件83的該推動桿件831旋轉而可產生旋轉的軸向推動力;該推動桿件831即可藉由螺紋部8311與該推動件832所產生的旋轉的軸向力,從而使該推動件832頂推該活塞833,該活塞833再推動該內來令片842,藉此該鎖定卡鉗組84的該外來令片841與該內來令片842可對該碟片7形成煞車式的鎖定,進而可使該傾斜機構2形成被鎖定狀態(LOCK),由於該碟片7係與該傾斜機構2做同步的擺動,因此該碟片7被該鎖定單元8的該鎖定卡鉗組84的該外來令片841與該內來令片842以煞車式的方式被鎖定後,藉此該傾斜機構2不能相對於該支持構件121作傾斜擺動,該傾斜機構2即可獲得鎖定式的穩定定位,從而可使該車輛1獲得穩定的駐車效果;反之,當欲解除該傾斜機構2鎖定狀態時,只需令該馬達81與鎖定動作轉向反向轉動,該推動組件83可被該輸出齒輪824帶動旋轉而可產生反向旋轉,來使該活塞833不再頂推該內來令片842,該內來令片842即可朝離開該外來令片841移動一行程,藉此該鎖定卡鉗組84的該外來令片841與該內來令片842即不再對該碟片7形成煞車式的鎖定,進而可使該傾斜機構2解除被鎖定狀態。 As shown in Figures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7, when the driver of the vehicle 1 wants to park temporarily (waiting for the traffic light) or for a longer period of time, he can use the control element 85 To start the motor 81 to drive the reduction gear transmission set 82 to rotate, the output gear 824 of the reduction gear transmission set 82 can drive the pushing rod 831 of the pushing assembly 83 to rotate to generate a rotating axial pushing force. The pushing rod 831 can use the axial force of the rotation generated by the threaded portion 8311 and the pushing member 832, so that the pushing member 832 pushes the piston 833, and the piston 833 pushes the inner piece 842 By this, the external make-up piece 841 and the internal make-up piece 842 of the locking caliper group 84 can form a brake-like lock on the disc 7, thereby enabling the tilt mechanism 2 to be in a locked state (LOCK), due to the The disc 7 oscillates synchronously with the tilting mechanism 2, so the disc 7 is locked by the external making plate 841 and the internal making plate 842 of the locking caliper group 84 of the locking unit 8 in a braking manner. Then, the tilt mechanism 2 cannot tilt and swing relative to the support member 121, and the tilt mechanism 2 can obtain a locked and stable positioning, so that the vehicle 1 can obtain a stable parking effect; on the contrary, when it is desired to release the When the tilt mechanism 2 is in the locked state, it is only necessary to make the motor 81 rotate in the opposite direction of the locking action, and the pushing assembly 83 can be driven to rotate by the output gear 824 to produce reverse rotation, so that the piston 833 no longer pushes the piston 833. The inner making piece 842, the inner making piece 842 can move a stroke away from the outer making piece 841, so that the outer making piece 841 and the inner making piece 842 of the locking caliper group 84 are no longer facing each other. The disc 7 forms a brake-type lock, and thus the tilt mechanism 2 can be released from the locked state.

本發明之主要功效在於,藉由該車輛1包括有:一傾斜機構2,係設於車架單元12前端側的支持構件121上;一設該支持構件1 21前方的鎖定裝置A,該鎖定裝置A具有:一碟片7,係設於該傾斜機構2上,並與該傾斜機構2同步傾斜擺動;一鎖定單元8,係設於該車架單元12前側的該支持構件121上;該鎖定單元8具有一可作為該鎖定單元8做鎖定動作時動力源的馬達81、一可被該馬達81帶動的減速齒輪組82、一可被該減速齒輪組82帶動的推動組件83、一可被該推動組件83推動的鎖定卡鉗組84,以及一可控制該鎖定單元8作動與否的控制件85;該鎖定單元8的該鎖定卡鉗組84可對該碟片7做鎖定或解除鎖定的動作,藉此可藉由該鎖定單元8來鎖定該碟片7來使該傾斜機構2不能相對於該支持構件121做傾斜擺動,進而可使該車輛1於駐車時可形成穩定的駐車定位;藉此可藉由將該馬達81、該減速齒輪組82、該推動組件83、該鎖定卡鉗組84一體化的設計構造,且為電機式的直接作動,可避免習知技藝以油管管線所造成的配設不易與體積龐大之缺失產生;據此,一方面藉由該鎖定單元8將該馬達81、該減速齒輪組82、該推動組件83、該鎖定卡鉗組84一體化的設計構造,可有效減少該鎖定單元8的整體體積;另一方面可藉由該鎖定單元8為電機式的鎖定方式進而可提升該鎖定裝置A的鎖定能力。 The main effect of the present invention is that the vehicle 1 includes: a tilt mechanism 2 attached to the support member 121 at the front end of the frame unit 12; and the support member 1 is provided 21. The locking device A at the front. The locking device A has: a disc 7 attached to the tilting mechanism 2 and tilting and swinging synchronously with the tilting mechanism 2; a locking unit 8 attached to the frame unit 12 The support member 121 on the front side; the locking unit 8 has a motor 81 that can be used as a power source for the locking unit 8 to perform a locking action, a reduction gear set 82 that can be driven by the motor 81, and a reduction gear set that can be driven by the motor 81 The pushing assembly 83 driven by the pushing assembly 83, a locking caliper set 84 that can be pushed by the pushing assembly 83, and a control member 85 that can control whether the locking unit 8 is activated or not; the locking caliper set 84 of the locking unit 8 can The disc 7 performs a locking or unlocking action, whereby the disc 7 can be locked by the locking unit 8 so that the tilt mechanism 2 cannot tilt and swing relative to the support member 121, thereby enabling the vehicle 1 to move A stable parking position can be formed when parking; thereby, the motor 81, the reduction gear set 82, the pushing assembly 83, and the locking caliper set 84 can be integrated in a design structure, and are directly actuated by a motor. To avoid the lack of easy installation and bulkiness caused by the conventional technology with tubing and pipelines; accordingly, on the one hand, the locking unit 8 uses the motor 81, the reduction gear set 82, the pushing assembly 83, and the locking caliper. The integrated design structure of the group 84 can effectively reduce the overall volume of the locking unit 8; on the other hand, the locking capability of the locking device A can be improved by the locking unit 8 being a motor-type locking method.

本發明之第2功效在於,藉由該傾斜機構2包括有一樞接於該支持構件121上的上橫桿部21、一樞接於該支持構件121上並位於該上橫桿部21下方的下橫桿部22、一樞接於該上橫桿部21與下橫桿部22之左側桿部23及一樞接於該上橫桿部21與下橫桿部22之右側桿部24;該碟片7係設於該下橫桿部22上並位於該傾斜機構2的前方;藉此可提升煞車鎖定的力臂,從而可使用較小尺寸的馬達81與減速 齒輪組82,藉此進一步的可使該鎖定單元8小型化。 The second effect of the present invention is that the tilt mechanism 2 includes an upper cross-bar portion 21 pivotally connected to the supporting member 121, and a pivotally connected to the supporting member 121 and located below the upper cross-bar portion 21 The lower cross bar portion 22, a left side bar portion 23 pivotally connected to the upper cross bar portion 21 and the lower cross bar portion 22, and a right side bar portion 24 pivotally connected to the upper cross bar portion 21 and the lower cross bar portion 22; The disc 7 is arranged on the lower crossbar 22 and located in front of the tilting mechanism 2; thereby, the lever arm of the brake lock can be raised, so that a smaller-sized motor 81 and deceleration can be used. The gear set 82 can further reduce the size of the locking unit 8.

本發明之第3功效在於,藉由該鎖定單元8係位於該碟片7的後方及該支持構件121的前方,由側視觀視,該鎖定單元8的該減速齒輪組82係位於該碟片7與該支持構件121之間;藉此可以充分利用該碟片7與該支持構件121之間的空間,減少佔據該車輛1前面的空間,從而可避免該車輛1的前部大型化。 The third effect of the present invention is that, as the locking unit 8 is located behind the disc 7 and in front of the supporting member 121, when viewed from a side view, the reduction gear set 82 of the locking unit 8 is located on the disc Between the sheet 7 and the supporting member 121; thereby, the space between the disc 7 and the supporting member 121 can be fully utilized, and the space in front of the vehicle 1 can be reduced, thereby avoiding the front portion of the vehicle 1 from being enlarged.

本發明之第4功效在於,藉由該馬達81係設置於該鎖定卡鉗組84的上側,從俯視觀視,該鎖定單元8的該馬達81與該鎖定卡鉗組84至少成部分重疊;藉此可減少該馬達81佔據該支持構件121左右二側至該傾斜機構2的該上橫桿部21之間的空間,從而可避免該馬達81對於該傾斜機構2的該上橫桿部21做傾斜擺動的干擾,進而可確保該傾斜機構2的該上橫桿部21傾斜擺動的擺動角度。 The fourth effect of the present invention is that the motor 81 is arranged on the upper side of the locking caliper group 84, and when viewed from a plan view, the motor 81 of the locking unit 8 and the locking caliper group 84 at least partially overlap; thereby The motor 81 can reduce the space between the left and right sides of the supporting member 121 and the upper cross bar 21 of the tilting mechanism 2, thereby avoiding the motor 81 from tilting the upper cross bar 21 of the tilting mechanism 2. The interference of the swing can further ensure the swing angle of the upper crossbar portion 21 of the tilt mechanism 2 for tilting swing.

本發明之第5功效在於,藉由該減速齒輪組82具有一主動齒輪821、一可被該主動齒輪821帶動的第一中間齒輪組822、一可被該第一中間齒輪組822帶動的第二中間齒輪組823、一可被該第二中間齒輪組823帶動的輸出齒輪824;該主動齒輪821係軸設於該馬達81的該輸出軸811上;該輸出齒輪824可帶動該推動組件83;該減速齒輪組82所有的齒輪為圓形齒輪;藉此可使該減速齒輪組82不受容置至盒體86的形狀限制,以確保該鎖定單元8的鎖定扭力。 The fifth effect of the present invention is that the reduction gear set 82 has a driving gear 821, a first intermediate gear set 822 that can be driven by the driving gear 821, and a first intermediate gear set 822 that can be driven by the first intermediate gear set 822. Two intermediate gear sets 823, an output gear 824 that can be driven by the second intermediate gear set 823; the driving gear 821 is mounted on the output shaft 811 of the motor 81; the output gear 824 can drive the pushing assembly 83 ; All the gears of the reduction gear set 82 are circular gears; thereby, the reduction gear set 82 is not restricted by the shape of the box body 86 to ensure the locking torque of the locking unit 8.

本發明之第6功效在於,藉由該減速齒輪組82的該第一中間齒輪組822與該第二中間齒輪組823的至少之一,係被配設於偏離該主動齒輪821與該輸出齒輪824中心連線Y外;藉此可有效縮短該 鎖定單元8整體的長度(圖式中上下方向),從而可減少占據車體上下方向的空間,進而可避免該車輛1的前部大型化。 The sixth effect of the present invention is that at least one of the first intermediate gear set 822 and the second intermediate gear set 823 of the reduction gear set 82 is arranged to deviate from the driving gear 821 and the output gear 824 center connection Y outside; this can effectively shorten the The length of the entire lock unit 8 (in the vertical direction in the drawing) can reduce the space occupied in the vertical direction of the vehicle body, and further can prevent the front portion of the vehicle 1 from being enlarged.

本發明之第7功效在於,藉由該馬達81與該減速齒輪組82係被組設一盒體86內,該盒體86具有一馬達容置部861及一減速齒輪組容置部862,該馬達容置部861的一端係與該減速齒輪組容置部862相連通,該減速齒輪組容置部862外部蓋設有一外蓋863,該外蓋863與該減速齒輪組容置部862之間設有一防漏墊片864;該馬達81的輸出軸811伸入該減速齒輪組容置部862;藉此可提升該鎖定單元8的防水性。 The seventh effect of the present invention is that the motor 81 and the reduction gear set 82 are assembled in a box 86, and the box 86 has a motor accommodating portion 861 and a reduction gear set accommodating portion 862. One end of the motor accommodating portion 861 is in communication with the reduction gear set accommodating portion 862. The reduction gear set accommodating portion 862 is covered with an outer cover 863, and the outer cover 863 is connected to the reduction gear set accommodating portion 862. An anti-leak gasket 864 is provided between them; the output shaft 811 of the motor 81 extends into the reduction gear set accommodating portion 862; thereby, the waterproofness of the locking unit 8 can be improved.

本發明之第8功效在於,藉由該馬達81係被容設於該馬達容置部861內,該馬達容置部861底側設有一底蓋865,該底蓋865與該馬達81的底側之間設有一減震件866;藉此可提升該馬達81的緩衝性效果。 The eighth effect of the present invention is that the motor 81 is accommodated in the motor accommodating portion 861, and the bottom side of the motor accommodating portion 861 is provided with a bottom cover 865, the bottom cover 865 and the bottom of the motor 81 A shock absorber 866 is arranged between the sides; thereby, the cushioning effect of the motor 81 can be improved.

本發明之第9功效在於,藉由該鎖定單元8係藉由一連結件1211連結於該車架單元12的該支持構件121前上方;藉此可便利於該鎖定單元8的設置,以及可充分利用該支持構件121與該傾斜機構2之間的空間。 The ninth effect of the present invention is that the locking unit 8 is connected to the front and top of the supporting member 121 of the frame unit 12 by a connecting piece 1211; thereby, the setting of the locking unit 8 can be facilitated, and The space between the support member 121 and the tilt mechanism 2 is fully utilized.

本發明之第10功效在於,藉由該推動組件82具有一推動桿件831、一推動件832及一活塞833,該推動桿件831的一端與該輸出齒輪824連接;該推動桿件831具有梯形螺牙的螺紋部8311,該推動桿件831的該螺紋部8311嵌入該推動件832內並與其囓合;藉此可提升該鎖定裝置A的鎖定扭力。 The tenth effect of the present invention is that the pushing assembly 82 has a pushing rod 831, a pushing member 832 and a piston 833, one end of the pushing rod 831 is connected with the output gear 824; the pushing rod 831 has The threaded portion 8311 of the trapezoidal thread, the threaded portion 8311 of the pushing rod 831 is embedded in and engaged with the pushing member 832; thereby, the locking torque of the locking device A can be improved.

綜上所述,本發明藉由上述之結構已確實能達到所訴求之目的及功效,已較習用者增進功效,顯已具有實用性、新穎性及進步性之要件,爰依法提出發明專利之申請,祈請 貴審查官之詳鑑,惠賜為准予專利之審定,至感德便。 In summary, with the above structure, the present invention can indeed achieve the claimed purpose and effect, and has improved the effect compared to the habitual users, and it has obvious requirements for practicability, novelty and advancement. It is a patent for invention. For the application, I would like to ask your examiner for a detailed review, and I would like to grant you the approval of the patent.

121:支持構件 121: support member

1211:連結件 1211: link

123:轉向桿 123: steering rod

13:前輪 13: front wheel

131:左前輪 131: Left front wheel

132:右前輪 132: Right front wheel

2:傾斜機構 2: Tilt mechanism

21:上橫桿部 21: Upper crossbar

22:下橫桿部 22: Lower crossbar

23:左側桿部 23: Left stick

231:左側軸桿 231: Left shaft

24:右側桿部 24: Right rod

241:右側軸桿 241: Right axle

3:轉向拉桿 3: Steering lever

4:中央支撐構件 4: Central support member

41:中央連結板 41: Central link plate

5:左支撐構件 5: Left support member

51:左連結板 51: left link plate

52:左連結橋 52: Left Link Bridge

6:右支撐構件 6: Right support member

61:右連結板 61: Right link plate

62:右連結橋 62: Right Link Bridge

7:碟片 7: Disc

8:鎖定單元 8: Locking unit

81:馬達 81: Motor

84:鎖定卡鉗組 84: Locking caliper group

841:外來令片 841: foreign order

865:底蓋 865: bottom cover

A:鎖定裝置 A: Locking device

RC:右避震器 RC: Right shock absorber

LC:左避震器 LC: Left shock absorber

Claims (10)

一種具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,包括有:一傾斜機構,係設於車架單元前端側的支持構件上;一設於該支持構件前方的鎖定裝置,該鎖定裝置具有:一碟片,係設於該傾斜機構上,並與該傾斜機構同步傾斜擺動;一鎖定單元,係設於該車架單元前側的該支持構件上;該鎖定單元具有一可作為該鎖定單元做鎖定動作時動力源的馬達、一可被該馬達帶動的減速齒輪組、一可被該減速齒輪組帶動的推動組件、一可被該推動組件推動的鎖定卡鉗組,以及一可控制該鎖定單元作動與否的控制件;該馬達、該減速齒輪組、該推動組件、該鎖定卡鉗組係為一體化構造;該鎖定單元的該鎖定卡鉗組可對該碟片做鎖定或解除鎖定的動作,藉此可藉由該鎖定單元來鎖定該碟片來使該傾斜機構不能相對於該支持構件做傾斜擺動,進而可使該車輛於駐車時可形成穩定的駐車定位。 A tilting mechanism locking device for a vehicle with two front wheels includes: a tilting mechanism attached to a support member on the front end side of the frame unit; a locking device provided in front of the support member, the locking device having: a disc The piece is attached to the tilting mechanism and tilts and swings synchronously with the tilting mechanism; a locking unit is attached to the support member on the front side of the frame unit; the locking unit has a locking unit that can act as the locking unit for locking action Time power source motor, a reduction gear set that can be driven by the motor, a pushing assembly that can be driven by the reduction gear set, a locking caliper set that can be pushed by the pushing assembly, and a set that can control the actuation and operation of the locking unit No control part; the motor, the reduction gear set, the pushing assembly, and the locking caliper set are an integrated structure; the locking caliper set of the locking unit can lock or unlock the disc, thereby The disc can be locked by the locking unit to prevent the tilting mechanism from tilting and swinging relative to the supporting member, so that a stable parking position can be formed when the vehicle is parked. 如請求項1所述之具前兩輸車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,其中,該傾斜機構包括有一樞接於該支持構件上的上橫桿部、一樞接於該支持構件上並位於該上橫桿部下方的下橫桿部、一樞接於該上橫桿部與下橫桿部之左側桿部及一樞接於該上橫桿部與下橫桿部之右側桿部;該碟片係設於該下橫桿部上並位於該傾斜機構的前方。 According to claim 1, the tilt mechanism locking device for a vehicle with the first two transmissions, wherein the tilt mechanism includes an upper crossbar portion pivotally connected to the support member, and an upper crossbar portion pivotally connected to the support member and located on the support member. A lower crossbar part below the crossbar part, a left rod part pivotally connected to the upper crossbar part and the lower crossbar part, and a right rod part pivotally connected to the upper crossbar part and the lower crossbar part; the disc The sheet is arranged on the lower cross bar and located in front of the tilting mechanism. 如請求項1所述之具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,其中,該鎖定單元係位於該碟片的後方及該支持構件的前方,由側視觀視,該鎖定單元的該減速齒輪組係位於該碟片與該支持構件之間。 The tilt mechanism locking device for a vehicle with two front wheels according to claim 1, wherein the locking unit is located behind the disc and in front of the supporting member, viewed from a side view, the reduction gear of the locking unit The group system is located between the disc and the supporting member. 如請求項1所述之具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,其中,該馬達係設置於該鎖定卡鉗組的上側,從俯視觀視,該鎖定單元的該馬達與該鎖定卡鉗組至少成部分重疊。 The tilt mechanism locking device for a vehicle with two front wheels according to claim 1, wherein the motor is arranged on the upper side of the locking caliper set, and when viewed from a plan view, the motor of the locking unit and the locking caliper set are at least in line with each other Partially overlapped. 如請求項1所述之具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,其中,該減速齒輪組具有一主動齒輪、一可被該主動齒輪帶動的第一中間齒輪組、一可被該第一中間齒輪組帶動的第二中間齒輪組、一可被該第二中間齒輪組帶動的輸出齒輪;該主動齒輪係軸設於該馬達的輸出軸上;該輸出齒輪可帶動該推動組件;該減速齒輪組所有的齒輪為圓形齒輪。 The tilt mechanism locking device for a vehicle with two front wheels according to claim 1, wherein the reduction gear set has a driving gear, a first intermediate gear set that can be driven by the driving gear, and a first intermediate gear set that can be driven by the first intermediate gear. The second intermediate gear set driven by the gear set, an output gear that can be driven by the second intermediate gear set; the driving gear train shaft is arranged on the output shaft of the motor; the output gear can drive the pushing assembly; the reduction gear All gears in the group are circular gears. 如請求項5所述之具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,其中,該減速齒輪組的該第一中間齒輪組與該第二中間齒輪組的至少之一,係被配設於偏離該主動齒輪與該輸出齒輪中心連線外。 The tilt mechanism locking device for a vehicle with two front wheels according to claim 5, wherein at least one of the first intermediate gear set and the second intermediate gear set of the reduction gear set is arranged to deviate from the The driving gear is outside the line connecting the center of the output gear. 如請求項1所述之具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,其中,該馬達與該減速齒輪組係被組設一盒體內,該盒體具有一馬達容置部及一減速齒輪組容置部,該馬達容置部的一端係與該減速齒輪組容置部相連通,該減速齒輪組容置部外部蓋設有一外蓋,該外蓋與該減速齒輪組容置部之間設有一防漏墊片;該馬達的輸出軸伸入該減速齒輪組容置部。 The tilt mechanism locking device for a vehicle with two front wheels according to claim 1, wherein the motor and the reduction gear set are assembled in a box, and the box has a motor accommodating portion and a reduction gear set accommodating One end of the motor accommodating portion is in communication with the reduction gear set accommodating portion, the reduction gear set accommodating portion is provided with an outer cover, and the outer cover and the reduction gear set accommodating portion are provided There is a leak-proof gasket; the output shaft of the motor extends into the accommodating part of the reduction gear set. 如請求項7所述之具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,其中,該馬達係被容設於該馬達容置部內,該馬達容置部底側設有一底蓋,該底蓋與該馬達的底側之間設有一減震件。 The tilt mechanism locking device for a vehicle with two front wheels according to claim 7, wherein the motor is accommodated in the motor accommodation portion, and a bottom cover is provided on the bottom side of the motor accommodation portion, and the bottom cover and the A shock absorber is arranged between the bottom sides of the motor. 如請求項1所述之具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,該鎖 定單元係藉由一連結件連結於該車架單元的該支持構件前上方。 The tilt mechanism locking device for a vehicle with two front wheels as described in claim 1, the lock The fixed unit is connected to the front upper part of the supporting member of the frame unit by a connecting piece. 如請求項1或5所述之具前兩輪車輛的傾斜機構鎖定裝置,該推動組件具有一推動桿件、一推動件及一活塞,該推動桿件的一端與該輸出齒輪連接;該推動桿件具有梯形螺牙的螺紋部,該推動桿件的該螺紋部嵌入該推動件內並與其囓合。 According to claim 1 or 5 of the tilt mechanism locking device for a vehicle with two front wheels, the pushing assembly has a pushing rod, a pushing member and a piston, and one end of the pushing rod is connected with the output gear; the pushing The rod has a threaded part with a trapezoidal thread, and the threaded part of the pushing rod is embedded in and engaged with the pushing part.
TW109116732A 2020-05-20 2020-05-20 Tilt mechanism locking device of vehicle with front two wheels TWI742676B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TW200530057A (en) * 2004-02-04 2005-09-16 Piaggio & C Spa Anti-rolling device for vehicles
US20060151232A1 (en) * 2004-12-06 2006-07-13 Maurizio Marcacci Method for replacing the front wheels of a three-wheeled vehicle
CN101486372A (en) * 2009-02-23 2009-07-22 刘东北 Integrated multi-shift speed changing power mechanism of electric motorcycle
CN204870983U (en) * 2014-07-21 2015-12-16 现代摩比斯株式会社 Electron parking braking device
TWM532518U (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-21 Lio Ho Machine Works Ltd Actuator of disc type brake

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TW200530057A (en) * 2004-02-04 2005-09-16 Piaggio & C Spa Anti-rolling device for vehicles
US20060151232A1 (en) * 2004-12-06 2006-07-13 Maurizio Marcacci Method for replacing the front wheels of a three-wheeled vehicle
CN101486372A (en) * 2009-02-23 2009-07-22 刘东北 Integrated multi-shift speed changing power mechanism of electric motorcycle
CN204870983U (en) * 2014-07-21 2015-12-16 现代摩比斯株式会社 Electron parking braking device
TWM532518U (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-21 Lio Ho Machine Works Ltd Actuator of disc type brake

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