TWI663578B - Management system of parking site and access control method for vehicles - Google Patents

Management system of parking site and access control method for vehicles Download PDF

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TWI663578B
TWI663578B TW107100529A TW107100529A TWI663578B TW I663578 B TWI663578 B TW I663578B TW 107100529 A TW107100529 A TW 107100529A TW 107100529 A TW107100529 A TW 107100529A TW I663578 B TWI663578 B TW I663578B
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vehicle
database
parking
display screen
access control
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TW107100529A
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Chinese (zh)
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TW201931316A (en
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李振輝
李文宏
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宏頂科技股份有限公司
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Abstract

揭露書公開一種停車場管理系統以及車輛進出管制方法,系統提供一車輛進出管制系統,設置於一車輛管制場所,於偵測到有車輛進入所管理的車道時,以識別碼讀取器讀取車輛的識別訊號,藉以識別車輛並查詢資料庫所記載的白名單以及佔位記錄,其中通過一顯示屏幕顯示查詢資料庫的結果,顯示內容依照情況可以包括比對白名單的結果、查詢佔位記錄的結果、是否進入錯誤車道的結果、不允許放行的理由、個人化訊息、停車時間訊息以及警示訊息等,停車場管理系統根據查詢結果管制車輛進出。 The disclosure discloses a parking lot management system and a vehicle access control method. The system provides a vehicle access control system, which is installed in a vehicle control place. When a vehicle is detected to enter the managed lane, the vehicle is read by an identification code reader. The identification signal is used to identify the vehicle and query the white list and placeholder records recorded in the database. The result of querying the database is displayed on a display screen. The display content may include the result of comparing the white list and the placeholder query. As a result, the result of whether to enter the wrong lane, the reason for not allowing release, personalized information, parking time information, and warning information, etc., the parking lot management system controls the entry and exit of vehicles based on the results of the inquiry.

Description

停車場管理系統與車輛進出管制方法 Parking lot management system and vehicle access control method

揭露書公開一種停車管理系統與方法,特別是指通過短距離無線通訊技術與顯示介面有效管理停車場進出車輛的停車場管理系統與車輛進出管制方法。 The disclosure discloses a parking management system and method, and particularly refers to a parking management system and a vehicle access control method for effectively managing vehicles entering and leaving a parking lot through a short-range wireless communication technology and a display interface.

在現有設置於社區、學校、辦公大樓等需要管制車輛進出的場所的停車場管理技術中,若配置有管理員或保全員,會以核對身份的方式管制進出車輛,常見方式是登記車輛車牌號碼與對應的駕駛身份,經核對成功,即控制閘門開啟放行。另有方式是對各車輛或駕駛核發管制卡片,如採用射頻標籤(RFID)的卡片或特定裝置(如閘門遙控器),進入車輛需要掃描管制卡片或是讀取無線訊號以核對其中識別碼(ID),經電腦比對後為白名單(whitelist)後,即開啟閘門放行。 In the existing parking lot management technology installed in communities, schools, office buildings and other places that need to control the entry and exit of vehicles, if an administrator or security officer is deployed, the entry and exit of vehicles will be controlled by checking the identity. A common method is to register the vehicle license plate number and The corresponding driving identity is verified, that is, the gate is controlled to open. Another method is to issue a control card to each vehicle or driver, such as a radio frequency tag (RFID) card or a specific device (such as a gate remote control). To enter the vehicle, you need to scan the control card or read the wireless signal to check the identification code ( ID). After the computer compares to a whitelist, the gate is opened for release.

更有習知技術採用車輛車牌辨識系統,此類技術可為無人管理或是人員為輔助管理的方式,先建立車牌白名單,或是加上黑名單,當有車輛接近閘門,即開啟照相機拍攝車牌,辨識車牌字母與號碼後,比對白名單或黑名單,確認為白名單身份後即可放行。 More known technologies use vehicle license plate recognition systems. Such technologies can be used by unmanned or personnel-assisted management. First, build a white list of license plates or add a black list. When a vehicle approaches the gate, the camera is turned on. License plate, after identifying the license plate letters and numbers, compare the white list or black list, and confirm the identity of the white list before release.

然而,習知技術仍存在著困擾。以保全員作為車輛進出管制的方式為例,容易產生人員疏失與臨時離開崗位的居家安全問 題;若以使用遙控器作為管制車輛進出的方式為例,可能發生遙控器遺失、被竊取,以及臨時停車佔用的問題;若以無人管理車輛進出的較為科技化的方式來說,可能有駕駛鑽漏洞而產生的問題,例如違規車輛尾隨白名單車輛穿過閘門。如此可知,現有停車場管理系統仍有許多管理上缺失與不夠完善之處。 However, the conventional technology still suffers. Taking security officers as a way to control vehicle access, for example, it is easy to cause home negligence and temporary safety issues. If the remote control is used as a way to control the access of vehicles, for example, the remote control may be lost, stolen, and temporarily parked and occupied; if a more scientific way of unattended vehicle access is used, there may be driving Problems caused by drilling holes, such as illegal vehicles trailing white-listed vehicles through gates. In this way, there are still many missing and inadequate managements in the existing parking lot management system.

揭露書公開一種停車場管理系統與車輛進出管制方法,管理系統的實施例之一是應用一種短距離無線通訊技術識別進入管制場所的各式車輛,並使用一顯示屏幕,讓車輛駕駛可以通過顯示屏幕得到系統查詢資料庫的結果,通過此停車場管理系統能有效管理停車場進出車輛。 The disclosure discloses a parking lot management system and a method for controlling vehicle access. One of the embodiments of the management system is to use a short-range wireless communication technology to identify all types of vehicles entering a controlled place, and use a display screen so that the vehicle can drive through the display screen. The results of the system query database are obtained, and the parking lot management system can effectively manage the vehicles entering and leaving the parking lot.

根據實施例之一,停車場管理系統主要電路系統包括一車輛進出管制系統,設於一車輛管制場所,能於偵測到進入車道的車輛時,啟動其中識別碼讀取器,用以讀取車輛的識別訊號,並經,查詢一資料庫所記載的白名單以及佔位記錄後,判斷車輛是否可進入車輛管制場所。系統更應用一顯示屏幕顯示查詢資料庫的結果,查詢結果產生的多種訊息包括查詢白名單的結果、查詢佔位記錄的結果、判斷是否進入錯誤車道的結果、車輛或駕駛列於白名單但不允許放行的理由、一個人化訊息、一停車時間訊息以及一警示訊息,顯示屏幕即根據以上查詢結果顯示多種訊息的其中之一或其任意組合。 According to one of the embodiments, the main circuit system of the parking lot management system includes a vehicle access control system, which is located in a vehicle control place. When a vehicle entering a lane is detected, an identification code reader is activated to read the vehicle. After checking the whitelist and placeholder records recorded in a database, determine whether the vehicle can enter the vehicle control place. The system also uses a display screen to display the results of querying the database. The various messages generated by the query results include the results of querying the white list, the results of querying the placeholder records, the results of judging whether to enter the wrong lane, the vehicles or driving being listed on the white list but not The reasons for allowing the release, a personalized message, a parking time message, and a warning message, the display screen displays one or a plurality of messages according to the above query results.

車輛進出管制系統設有進出控制器,連結上述識別碼讀取器與顯示屏幕,以根據系統所判斷車輛是否進入車輛管制場所的結果,通過驅動器控制一進出管制裝置,限制或放行車輛。 The vehicle entry-exit control system is provided with an entry-exit controller that connects the identification code reader and the display screen to control an entry-exit control device through a driver to restrict or release the vehicle according to the result of the system determining whether the vehicle enters the vehicle control place.

停車場管理系統更包括一管理主機,維護資料庫,並連結車輛進出管制系統,以產生顯示於顯示屏幕的訊息,並提供維護資料庫的一使用者介面。根據實施例之一,此管理主機包括軟體或 硬體共同實現的一查詢模組,能根據車輛進出管制系統提供車輛的識別訊息查詢資料庫;一顯示控制模組,能根據查詢資料庫的結果產生顯示於顯示屏幕的訊息;一警示模組,能根據查詢資料庫的結果,並判斷車輛的狀態,並據此產生警示訊息;一通訊模組,用以與車輛進出管制系統進行雙向通訊;以及一管理模組,用以提供使用者介面,讓管理者可以藉著管理主機設定車輛進出管制系統。 The parking lot management system further includes a management host, a maintenance database, and a vehicle access control system connected to generate a message displayed on a display screen, and provides a user interface for the maintenance database. According to one of the embodiments, the management host includes software or A query module implemented by the hardware, which can query the database based on the vehicle identification information provided by the vehicle access control system; a display control module, which can generate the messages displayed on the display screen based on the results of the query database; a warning module Based on the results of querying the database and judging the state of the vehicle, and generating warning messages accordingly; a communication module for two-way communication with the vehicle access control system; and a management module for providing a user interface , So that managers can set the vehicle access control system through the management host.

揭露書所揭示的車輛進出管制方法係基於上述停車場管理系統的步驟流程,流程包括當以特定手段感應到車輛進入車道,此時啟動識別碼讀取器,以讀取車輛的識別訊號,有必要時,可以啟動車牌照相機,以輔助拍攝車輛的一車牌,並辨識車牌,之後即以顯示屏幕顯示根據識別訊號或車牌而查詢資料庫的結果,並同時判斷是否放行車輛,若不放行車輛,以顯示屏幕顯示不放行理由;若放行車輛,以顯示屏幕顯示與車輛關聯的其他訊息。 The vehicle access control method disclosed in the disclosure is based on the steps of the above-mentioned parking lot management system. The process includes when the vehicle is sensed to enter the lane by specific means, at this time, an identification code reader is activated to read the vehicle's identification signal. It is necessary to You can activate the license plate camera to assist in capturing a license plate of the vehicle and identify the license plate. After that, the result of querying the database based on the identification signal or license plate is displayed on the display screen, and at the same time, whether to release the vehicle or not. The display screen displays the reason for not releasing; if the vehicle is released, the display screen displays other messages associated with the vehicle.

為了能更進一步瞭解本發明為達成既定目的所採取之技術、方法及功效,請參閱以下有關本發明之詳細說明、圖式,相信本發明之目的、特徵與特點,當可由此得以深入且具體之瞭解,然而所附圖式僅提供參考與說明用,並非用來對本發明加以限制者。 In order to further understand the technology, methods and effects adopted by the present invention to achieve the intended purpose, please refer to the following detailed description and drawings of the present invention. It is believed that the purpose, features and characteristics of the present invention can be deepened and specific It is understood, however, the drawings are provided for reference and description only, and are not intended to limit the present invention.

10‧‧‧管理主機 10‧‧‧ Management Host

12‧‧‧資料庫 12‧‧‧Database

15‧‧‧車輛進出管制系統 15‧‧‧vehicle access control system

100‧‧‧車輛 100‧‧‧ Vehicle

16‧‧‧識別碼讀取器 16‧‧‧Identification Code Reader

17‧‧‧車牌照相機 17‧‧‧ license plate camera

13‧‧‧顯示屏幕 13‧‧‧display screen

14‧‧‧進出控制器 14‧‧‧Access controller

18‧‧‧進出管制裝置 18‧‧‧ access control device

19‧‧‧地面感知裝置 19‧‧‧ ground sensing device

101‧‧‧識別標籤 101‧‧‧Identification tags

103‧‧‧查詢模組 103‧‧‧Query module

104‧‧‧顯示控制模組 104‧‧‧Display Control Module

105‧‧‧警示模組 105‧‧‧Warning module

106‧‧‧通訊模組 106‧‧‧Communication Module

107‧‧‧管理模組 107‧‧‧Management Module

151‧‧‧控制單元 151‧‧‧Control unit

153‧‧‧顯示單元 153‧‧‧display unit

152‧‧‧車輛感知單元 152‧‧‧Vehicle sensing unit

155‧‧‧識別訊號讀取單元 155‧‧‧Identification signal reading unit

157‧‧‧車牌識別單元 157‧‧‧License plate recognition unit

159‧‧‧閘門控制單元 159‧‧‧Gate control unit

158‧‧‧通訊單元 158‧‧‧communication unit

121‧‧‧白名單 121‧‧‧Whitelist

122‧‧‧佔位記錄 122‧‧‧Placeholder records

123‧‧‧停車時間表 123‧‧‧Parking Schedule

401,402,403,404,405,406‧‧‧車位 401,402,403,404,405,406‧‧‧Parking spaces

411,412,413,414,415,416,417,418,419‧‧‧車主 411,412,413,414,415,416,417,418,419‧‧‧

步驟S301~S315‧‧‧車輛進出管制流程之一 Steps S301 ~ S315‧‧‧One of the vehicle access control procedures

步驟S501~S511‧‧‧車輛進出管制流程之二 Steps S501 ~ S511‧‧‧ Vehicle Access Control Process 2

步驟S601~S615‧‧‧車輛進出管制流程之三 Steps S601 ~ S615‧‧‧ Vehicle Access Control Process 3

步驟S701~S707‧‧‧車輛進出管制流程之四 Steps S701 ~ S707‧‧‧Vehicle access control flow 4

圖1顯示停車場管理系統的實施例示意圖;圖2顯示停車場管理系統的電腦系統架構示意圖;圖3顯示流程描述停車場管理系統中車輛進出管制方法實施例步驟之一;圖4示意顯示停車場管理系統所維護的白名單情境示意圖;圖5顯示流程描述停車場管理系統中車輛進出管制方法實施例步驟之二; 圖6顯示流程描述停車場管理系統中車輛進出管制方法實施例步驟之三;圖7顯示流程描述停車場管理系統中車輛進出管制方法實施例步驟之四。 Figure 1 shows a schematic diagram of an embodiment of a parking lot management system; Figure 2 shows a schematic diagram of the computer system architecture of a parking lot management system; Figure 3 shows a flow describing one of the steps of an embodiment of a method for controlling vehicle access in a parking lot management system; Figure 4 schematically shows a parking lot management system. Schematic diagram of the maintained white list scenario; FIG. 5 shows a flowchart describing the second step of the method for controlling vehicle access in a parking lot management system; FIG. 6 shows a flowchart describing the third step of the method for controlling the vehicle access in the parking lot management system; FIG. 7 shows a flowchart describing the fourth step of the method for controlling the vehicle access in the parking lot management system.

揭露書公開一種停車場管理系統,以及系統所實現的車輛進出管制方法,其中實施例之一是在需要車輛管制的場所進出口附近應用了短距離無線通訊技術與顯示介面,藉此達到有效管理停車場進出車輛的目的。 The disclosure discloses a parking lot management system and a method for controlling vehicle entry and exit implemented by the system. One of the embodiments is to apply short-range wireless communication technology and a display interface near the entrance and exit of a place requiring vehicle control, thereby achieving effective management of the parking lot. Purpose of getting in and out of the vehicle.

圖1顯示停車場管理系統的實施例示意圖。 FIG. 1 shows a schematic diagram of an embodiment of a parking lot management system.

示意圖顯示一個設於車輛管制場所的停車場進出口的車輛進出管制系統15,車輛進出管制系統15通過軟體與硬體的配合,通過識別碼讀取器16讀取進入車道的車輛100(或其駕駛所持的卡片)的識別訊號,實施例可以採用射頻標籤讀取器,而車輛100的識別訊號可以為讀取設置在車輛100上的識別標籤101產生。實施例亦可採用其他短距離無線通訊技術的讀取器與標籤。識別碼讀取器16或可讀取由駕駛手中的識別卡片與裝置上的識別標籤所產生的識別訊號。識別標籤101例如射頻識別標籤(RFID tag),當系統讀取到車輛100(或駕駛首上的識別卡片或裝置)的識別訊號,即查詢資料庫12所記載的一白名單以及一佔位記錄,判斷車輛100(或駕駛)是否可進入車輛管制場所。 The diagram shows a vehicle access control system 15 at the entrance of a parking lot at a vehicle control place. The vehicle access control system 15 reads the vehicle 100 (or its driver) entering the lane through the cooperation of software and hardware through the identification code reader 16 In the embodiment, the identification signal of the card) may be a radio frequency tag reader, and the identification signal of the vehicle 100 may be generated for reading the identification tag 101 provided on the vehicle 100. The embodiment can also adopt readers and tags of other short-range wireless communication technologies. The identification code reader 16 may read an identification signal generated by an identification card on the driver and an identification tag on the device. The identification tag 101 is, for example, a radio frequency identification tag (RFID tag). When the system reads the identification signal of the vehicle 100 (or the identification card or device on the driver's head), it queries a white list and a placeholder record recorded in the database 12. , Determine whether the vehicle 100 (or driving) can enter the vehicle control place.

根據實施例之一,除了車輛進出管制系統15可以為獨立運作的停車場管理系統以外,比對用的資料庫12可設於後台,與管理主機10連結,彼此可以特定通訊協定執行通訊,管理主機10連結車輛進出管制系統15,功能是產生顯示於提供車輛100駕駛觀看的顯示屏幕13的訊息,並提供維護資料庫12的一使用者介面。在一實施例中,管理主機10與車輛進出管制系統15可以為分別 的兩個裝置,亦可為整合於一的單一系統。 According to one of the embodiments, in addition to the vehicle access control system 15 which can be an independent parking lot management system, the comparison database 12 can be set in the background and connected to the management host 10, and can perform communication with each other through a specific communication protocol to manage the host. 10 is connected to the vehicle access control system 15 and has a function of generating a message displayed on a display screen 13 for providing driving driving of the vehicle 100 and providing a user interface of the maintenance database 12. In one embodiment, the management host 10 and the vehicle access control system 15 may be separate The two devices can also be a single system integrated in one.

當車輛進出管制系統15通過查詢資料庫12的方式判斷是否可允許車輛100進入時,查詢結果可以顯示於顯示屏幕13上,顯示屏幕13的實施方式可以設於進出口的任意可以被駕駛看到的位置,顯示屏幕13用以顯示查詢資料庫12的結果,查詢結果產生的多種訊息可以各種方式顯示在顯示屏幕13上,內容包括查詢白名單的結果,告知車輛100的駕駛該車輛100是否列於白名單內,另一實施例更可維護一個黑名單,作為警示的依據。 When the vehicle access control system 15 determines whether the vehicle 100 is allowed to enter by querying the database 12, the query result can be displayed on the display screen 13, and the embodiment of the display screen 13 can be set at the entrance and exit and can be seen by the driver. The display screen 13 is used to display the result of querying the database 12. Various information generated by the query result can be displayed on the display screen 13 in various ways. The content includes the result of querying the white list to inform the vehicle 100 whether the vehicle 100 is driven. In the white list, another embodiment may further maintain a black list as a basis for warning.

顯示內容包括查詢佔位記錄的結果,當車輛進出管制系統15的記錄顯示某車輛100登記的車位已經被其他也是被允許的車輛佔用,同樣記載於資料庫12中,經查詢後,即便後來進入的車輛100列於白名單內,但其車位被佔用,將顯示於顯示屏幕13上告知無法進入的訊息。相關實施例將於圖4描述。 The displayed content includes the result of querying the placeholder record. When the record of the vehicle access control system 15 shows that the parking space registered by a certain vehicle 100 has been occupied by other vehicles that are also permitted, it is also recorded in the database 12. After the inquiry, even after entering The vehicle 100 is listed in the white list, but its parking space is occupied, and it will be displayed on the display screen 13 to inform the inaccessible message. A related embodiment will be described in FIG. 4.

顯示內容包括判斷是否進入錯誤車道的結果,若車輛管制場所的停車場設有不同車種的車道,如小型車、大型車、機車等,分別設計有不同的進入車道,車輛進出管制系統15可以根據不同車道上被驅動讀取識別訊號的識別碼讀取器16提供的資訊,比對資料庫12中記載登記車輛100的車種,判斷是否有走錯車道的事件,這個查詢結果也將顯示在顯示屏幕13上,若為錯誤車輛,將告知離開。值得一提的是,系統在車種的判斷上,可以配合影像辨識技術來辨識車種。 The displayed content includes the result of judging whether to enter the wrong lane. If the parking lot of the vehicle control place has different lanes, such as small cars, large cars, locomotives, etc., different entry lanes are designed. The vehicle access control system 15 can be based on different lanes. The information provided by the identification code reader 16 that is driven to read the identification signal is compared with the vehicle type of the registered vehicle 100 recorded in the database 12 to determine whether there has been a wrong lane incident. This query result will also be displayed on the display screen 13 If it is the wrong vehicle, you will be notified to leave. It is worth mentioning that the system can identify the car type with the image recognition technology in the judgment of the car type.

顯示內容包括即便車輛100已經列於白名單內但仍不允許放行的理由,理由可以是上述實施例中車輛100登記的車位被佔用,或是超過可以停車的時間限制,或是車輛100有不良記錄而被停權,或是車輛100車主有其他違規事項,都可在此動作中被提醒或解決。 The displayed content includes the reason that the vehicle 100 is not allowed to be released even though it is already on the white list. The reason may be that the parking space registered by the vehicle 100 in the above embodiment is occupied, or the time limit for parking can be exceeded, or the vehicle 100 is defective. Recorded and suspended, or other violations of the vehicle 100 owner can be reminded or resolved in this action.

若以社區停車場或公司大樓的停車場為例,顯示內容可以為一個人化訊息,這個個人化訊息包括關聯車輛100或其駕駛的訊 息,也是經過查詢資料庫12得出,可能是通知駕駛的繳費(停車費用)訊息、違規事項、管理室中保管了駕駛的包裹、信件等通知訊息。 If a community parking lot or a company building parking lot is taken as an example, the display content may be a personalized message, and this personalized message includes information related to the vehicle 100 or its driving. The information is also obtained through querying the database 12. It may be the notification information of the driver's payment (parking fee), violations, and the parcels and letters in the management office.

顯示內容可以是停車時間訊息,車輛進出管制系統15可以提供設定(如通過管理主機10)每台車輛100的停車時間限制,讓停車場車位更充分被利用。當車輛100進入車道,經讀取識別訊號後查詢資料庫12中的一停車時間表,系統通過停車時間表中記載的各車輛可以停車的時間訊息,以規範各車輛100允許進入車輛管制場所的時間。經查詢後,可以將是否逾時、停車剩餘時間等資訊顯示在顯示屏幕13上。 The displayed content may be a parking time message, and the vehicle access control system 15 may provide a setting (for example, by managing the host computer 10) a parking time limit for each vehicle 100, so that the parking space is more fully utilized. When the vehicle 100 enters the lane, a parking timetable in the database 12 is queried after the identification signal is read. The system uses the time information of each vehicle recorded in the parking timetable to regulate the vehicle 100 allowed to enter the vehicle control place. time. After inquiry, information such as whether it is overtime or the time remaining for parking can be displayed on the display screen 13.

顯示內容可以是一警示訊息,當通過,或是查詢資料庫12後,可以得到車輛100或駕駛的相關狀態,例如當識別碼讀取器16讀取進入車道的車輛100的識別訊號時,若有讀取不到的問題,可能是識別標籤101掉落或損毀,或是被鎖住(鎖卡),或是車輛100列於黑名單,可以警示訊息顯示給車輛100駕駛或是現場人員參考。 The displayed content may be a warning message. When the information is passed, or after querying the database 12, the relevant status of the vehicle 100 or the driving can be obtained. For example, when the identification code reader 16 reads the identification signal of the vehicle 100 entering the lane, if There is a problem that it cannot be read. It may be that the identification tag 101 is dropped or damaged, or it is locked (locked), or the vehicle 100 is listed on the blacklist. The warning message can be displayed to the vehicle 100 for driving or to be referenced by field personnel. .

顯示屏幕13可根據查詢結果顯示以上描述的多種訊息的其中之一或其任意組合。 The display screen 13 may display one of the various messages described above or any combination thereof according to the query result.

在一實施例中,若車輛進出管制系統15無法通過識別碼讀取器16讀取到車輛100的識別訊號時,車輛進出管制系統15更可設置有一車牌照相機17,用以輔助識別碼讀取器16讀不到識別訊號的問題,通過拍攝車輛100的車牌以識別車輛100,可以根據車牌辨識結果查詢資料庫12。 In an embodiment, if the vehicle access control system 15 cannot read the identification signal of the vehicle 100 through the identification code reader 16, the vehicle access control system 15 may further be provided with a license plate camera 17 to assist the identification code reading. The device 16 cannot read the identification signal. By photographing the license plate of the vehicle 100 to identify the vehicle 100, the database 12 can be queried according to the license plate recognition result.

根據實施例之一,當偵測到有進入車道的車輛100,其中感知車輛進入車道的偵測手段可以如圖示在車道上設有地面感知裝置19,以感應線圈或是壓力感知器的方式判斷有車輛進入;但也不排除其他偵測方式,例如採用紅外線光線遮斷方式、影像偵測方式等。當判斷有車輛100進入車道,可以同時或不同時觸發上述 實施例描述的識別碼讀取器16或是車牌照相機17,始執行識別車輛100、查詢資料庫12、顯示查詢結果等步驟。 According to one of the embodiments, when a vehicle 100 entering the lane is detected, the detection means for detecting the vehicle entering the lane may be provided with a ground sensing device 19 on the lane as shown in the figure, in the form of an induction coil or a pressure sensor. It is determined that a vehicle is entering; but other detection methods are not excluded, such as using infrared light blocking method, image detection method, and the like. When it is determined that a vehicle 100 enters the lane, the above may be triggered at the same time or at different times. The identification code reader 16 or the license plate camera 17 described in the embodiment starts to perform the steps of identifying the vehicle 100, querying the database 12, and displaying the query result.

上述識別車輛100的各功能模組連接一進出控制器14,電性連結識別碼讀取器16、車牌照相機17與顯示屏幕13。當車輛進出管制系統15完成車輛識別與訊息顯示後,進出控制器14(包括驅動器)根據車輛進出管制系統15判斷車輛10是否進入車輛管制場所的結果通過驅動器(未示於此圖)控制進出管制裝置18,如柵欄或其他具有管制車輛100進入的措施,或可包括控制各種燈號、聲響、語音等的方式提示駕駛目前的狀態。若車輛100為允許進入該車輛管制場所,控制進出管制裝置18開啟;反之,即維持(關閉)進出管制裝置18在阻擋車輛100進入的狀態。 Each of the functional modules identifying the vehicle 100 is connected to an access controller 14, and is electrically connected to an identification code reader 16, a license plate camera 17, and a display screen 13. After the vehicle entry and exit control system 15 completes the vehicle identification and message display, the entry and exit controller 14 (including the driver) determines whether the vehicle 10 enters the vehicle control place according to the vehicle entry and exit control system 15 and controls the entry and exit control through the driver (not shown in this figure). The device 18, such as a fence or other means for controlling the entry of the vehicle 100, may include ways of controlling various lights, sounds, voices, etc. to prompt the current state of driving. If the vehicle 100 is allowed to enter the vehicle control place, the access control device 18 is turned on; otherwise, the state of the access control device 18 is maintained (closed) in blocking the vehicle 100 from entering.

圖2顯示停車場管理系統的電腦系統架構示意圖,停車場管理系統可包括設於管理後台的管理主機10以及設於停車場進出入口的車輛進出管制系統15。 FIG. 2 shows a schematic diagram of the computer system architecture of a parking lot management system. The parking lot management system may include a management host 10 provided at the management background and a vehicle access control system 15 provided at the entrance and exit of the parking lot.

設於停車場出入口的車輛進出管制系統15為硬體電路與軟體的組合,電路中設有控制單元151,用以控制車輛進出管制系統15中各電路單元的運作;設有車輛感知單元152,可以連接紅外線、地面感知裝置(感應線圈)、影像感知裝置等設備,以實現感知進入車輛的功能;設有顯示單元153,連接顯示屏幕,用以驅動前端顯示屏幕顯示內容,顯示內容一般可由管理主機10根據查詢資料庫12的結果提供;設有識別訊號讀取單元155,連接一識別碼讀取器,此如一種射頻標籤讀取器,設於可以讀取車輛上識別標籤的位置;系統除了提供一種識別訊號讀取的方案外,更可設有車牌識別單元157,可以作為輔助識別車輛的用途,在識別訊號讀取單元155失效,或是讀取不到識別訊號時,啟動車牌識別單元157,驅動前台的車牌照相機執行車牌拍攝與辨識;設有閘門控制單元159,此為控制閘門啟閉的驅動電路;車輛進出管制系統15設有通訊單元158,執行特定通訊協定,可以為一網路通訊電 路,目的之一是與管理主機10通訊。 The vehicle access control system 15 provided at the entrance and exit of the parking lot is a combination of hardware circuit and software. A control unit 151 is provided in the circuit to control the operation of each circuit unit in the vehicle access control system 15. A vehicle sensing unit 152 is provided. Connect infrared, ground sensing device (induction coil), image sensing device and other equipment to realize the function of entering the vehicle; a display unit 153 is connected to the display screen to drive the front-end display screen to display the content, which can generally be displayed by the management host 10 Provided according to the result of querying database 12. It is provided with an identification signal reading unit 155 connected to an identification code reader, such as a radio frequency tag reader, located at a position where the identification tag on the vehicle can be read. In addition to providing a solution for reading the identification signal, a license plate recognition unit 157 can be provided to assist in identifying the vehicle. When the identification signal reading unit 155 fails or the identification signal cannot be read, the license plate recognition unit is activated. 157. The license plate camera at the front desk is driven to perform license plate shooting and recognition. A gate control unit 159 is provided. This is the driving circuit that controls the opening and closing of the gate. The vehicle access control system 15 is provided with a communication unit 158 that implements a specific communication protocol and can be a network communication network. One of the purposes is to communicate with the management host 10.

管理主機10可為一電腦系統,由軟體與硬體組成,連結資料庫12以及車輛進出管制系統15,管理主機10用以產生顯示於在停車場進出口的顯示屏幕的訊息,並提供維護資料庫12的使用者介面,使用者介面例如一個網頁化的管理介面,提供管理員、用戶、公司單位等人員可以遠端維護其中的白名單,包括編輯資料庫。 The management host 10 may be a computer system, consisting of software and hardware, connected to a database 12 and a vehicle access control system 15. The management host 10 is used to generate information displayed on a display screen at the entrance and exit of the parking lot, and to provide a maintenance database. 12 user interface. The user interface, such as a web-based management interface, provides administrators, users, companies, and other personnel to remotely maintain whitelists, including editing databases.

根據其功能,管理主機10設有一查詢模組103,當車輛進出管制系統偵測到車輛進入車道時,車輛進出管制系統15以通訊協定連接管理主機10,將識別訊號傳送給管理主機10,使得管理主機10可以根據車輛進出管制系統15提供車輛的識別訊息查詢資料庫12,產生查詢結果;設有一顯示控制模組104,根據查詢資料庫12的結果,產生顯示於顯示屏幕的訊息,顯示訊息可以根據顯示屏幕的尺寸、解析度編排,以各樣的方式顯示給車輛駕駛查看;設有一警示模組105,根據查詢資料庫12的結果,以及判斷車輛(或駕駛)的狀態,在符合特定條件下可以產生警示訊息,警示訊息可以聲響、燈光、顯示內容等方式表示;設有一通訊模組106,用以與車輛進出管制系統15進行雙向通訊,並可包括提供網路連線,提供管理者、用戶來存取其中資訊、維護資料庫12,另可通過網際網路連線外部系統,如保全系統、報警系統等,達到安全性的目的。 According to its function, the management host 10 is provided with an inquiry module 103. When the vehicle access control system detects that the vehicle enters the lane, the vehicle access control system 15 connects the management host 10 with a communication protocol, and transmits an identification signal to the management host 10, so that The management host 10 may query the database 12 according to the vehicle identification information provided by the vehicle access control system 15 to generate a query result. A display control module 104 is provided to generate a message displayed on the display screen according to the result of the query database 12 and display the message. It can be arranged according to the size and resolution of the display screen and displayed to the driver of the vehicle in various ways. A warning module 105 is provided to judge the status of the vehicle (or driving) based on the results of querying the database 12 and determine the status of the vehicle (or driving). A warning message can be generated under conditions, and the warning message can be indicated by sound, light, display content, etc .; a communication module 106 is provided for two-way communication with the vehicle access control system 15 and can include providing network connection and providing management Users, users to access the information, maintain the database12, and also via the Internet Line external systems such as security systems, alarm systems, etc., to achieve the purpose of security.

管理主機10設有一管理模組107,用以提供上述的使用者介面,如網頁介面,或是行動裝置上的管理介面等,提供管理者通過管理主機10設定車輛進出管制系統15的相關參數。在另一實施例中,可以通過通訊模組106連線一雲端系統,雲端系統可以服務多個停車管制場所的停車場管理系統,雲端系統可讓伺服器端人員可以通過雲端系統設定各終端停車場管理系統。 The management host 10 is provided with a management module 107 for providing the above-mentioned user interface, such as a web interface or a management interface on a mobile device, etc., and providing a manager to set the relevant parameters of the vehicle access control system 15 through the management host 10. In another embodiment, a cloud system can be connected through the communication module 106. The cloud system can serve the parking lot management system of multiple parking control places. The cloud system allows server-side personnel to set each terminal's parking lot management through the cloud system system.

圖3接著顯示停車場管理系統中車輛進出管制方法實施例的 步驟流程圖。 FIG. 3 next shows an embodiment of a method for controlling vehicle access in a parking lot management system. Steps flowchart.

在系統運作時,如步驟S301,當感應到車輛進入車道時,若車道不只一個,可以根據感知車輛進入的感知器位置判斷車道,於是,如步驟S303,系統將啟動對應車道的車輛識別訊號讀取器,如步驟S305,以讀取識別訊號,這時,讀取的結果可以如步驟S315所示,顯示在顯示屏幕上,提供車輛駕駛讀取結果相關的訊息,包括可以放行或不能放行;實施例,可同時執行步驟S307,啟動車牌照相機拍攝車牌,以輔助拍攝車牌與辨識車牌的方式進行車輛識別與確認,同樣地,辨識結果可以顯示在顯示屏幕上(步驟S315)。接著,根據讀取到的車輛識別訊號或是車牌資訊,如步驟S309,以軟體手段查詢資料庫,主要是對照白名單,並可比對佔位記錄、停車時間表等,再如步驟S311,系統能夠判斷是否放行車輛? When the system is operating, as in step S301, when it is sensed that a vehicle is entering a lane, if there is more than one lane, the lane can be judged based on the position of the sensor that senses the vehicle entering. Therefore, in step S303, the system will start reading the vehicle identification signal corresponding to the lane. The fetcher, such as step S305, reads the identification signal. At this time, the read result can be displayed on the display screen as shown in step S315, providing information related to the reading result of the driving of the vehicle, including whether it can be released or not; For example, step S307 can be executed at the same time to activate the license plate camera to capture the license plate, and to recognize and confirm the vehicle by assisting in capturing the license plate and recognizing the license plate. Similarly, the recognition result can be displayed on the display screen (step S315). Then, according to the read vehicle identification signal or license plate information, as in step S309, the database is queried by software means, mainly against the white list, and the placeholder records, parking schedules, etc. can be compared. Then, in step S311, the system Can you tell if the vehicle is released?

若車輛並非允許進入的車輛,如未列於白名單內,或是車位已有其他被允許進入的車輛佔位,系統通過顯示屏幕顯示不允許進入的相關訊息(步驟S315);反之,若車輛被允許進入,即如步驟S313,放行車輛,相關訊息亦可顯示在顯示屏幕上。 If the vehicle is not a permitted vehicle, if it is not listed in the white list, or if the parking space already has other vehicles permitted to enter, the system displays a related message that the vehicle is not allowed to enter (step S315); otherwise, if the vehicle Entry is permitted, that is, if the vehicle is released in step S313, related information may also be displayed on the display screen.

如上述實施例,以顯示屏幕顯示根據識別訊號或車牌而查詢資料庫的結果,查詢結果產生的多種訊息包括查詢白名單的結果、查詢佔位記錄的結果、判斷是否進入錯誤車道的結果、車輛或駕駛列於白名單但不允許放行的理由、個人化訊息、停車時間訊息以及警示訊息,顯示屏幕即根據管理主機的指令,將查詢結果顯示出來,可為上述多種訊息的其中之一或其任意組合。 As in the above embodiment, the results of querying the database according to the identification signal or the license plate are displayed on the display screen. The various messages generated by the query result include the result of querying the white list, the result of querying the placeholder record, the result of judging whether to enter the wrong lane, the vehicle, etc. Or the driver is listed on the white list but is not allowed to release, personalized information, parking time information, and warning information. The display screen displays the query results according to the instructions of the management host, which can be one of the above-mentioned messages or one of them. random combination.

揭露書所提出的停車場管理系統與相關方法適用於一部車輛對應的一個車位、或一部車輛的車位可以登記給多人停車,或如一家人有多人擁有車輛,但車位有限,少於車輛數目的各種情況下,系統更支援設定每部車可以停車的時間限制,都可通過白名單、佔位記錄與停車時間表等方式進行管理,提供更有彈性與有 效率的停車場管理方案。圖4示意顯示停車場管理系統所維護的白名單情境示意圖。 The parking lot management system and related methods proposed in the disclosure are applicable to a parking space corresponding to a vehicle, or a parking space of a vehicle can be registered for multiple people to park, or if a family has multiple people owning the vehicle, but the parking space is limited, less than Under various circumstances of the number of vehicles, the system also supports setting a time limit for each vehicle that can be parked. It can be managed through whitelists, placeholder records and parking schedules, providing more flexibility and flexibility. Efficient parking management program. FIG. 4 schematically illustrates a white list scenario maintained by a parking lot management system.

此例顯示系統提供一資料庫12,其中至少記載了提供用戶或管理員設定的白名單121,記錄可允許進入停車場的車輛;佔位記錄122即時記錄了每個車輛與車位的現狀;停車時間表123提供用戶設定每台車輛或是車主/駕駛可以進出的時間限制。如此,通過資料庫12可以管理如圖所列舉的幾種狀況,但系統實施例並不限制在此實施例上。 In this example, the display system provides a database 12, which at least records the white list 121 provided by the user or the administrator, which records the vehicles allowed to enter the parking lot; the occupancy record 122 instantly records the current status of each vehicle and parking space; the parking time Table 123 provides the user to set the time limit for each vehicle or owner / driving. In this way, the database 12 can manage several situations as listed, but the system embodiment is not limited to this embodiment.

舉例來說,資料庫12以白名單121記錄了車主411,412,413,414,415,416,417,418與419。最單純的情況如車位404僅登記讓一車主(或車輛)418所停,此為專屬車輛。在另一情況是,以佔位記錄122記錄車位401與402可以讓車主(或車輛)411,412與413所停用,當車位401與402的數量少於登記的車輛數目,資料庫12將通過佔位記錄122管理,佔位記錄122隨時更新,當車位已經被停滿,即便有列於白名單121中的車輛進入,根據佔位記錄122,系統仍不允許該車輛進入。 For example, database 12 records car owners 411,412,413,414,415,416,417,418, and 419 as whitelist 121. In the simplest case, if only parking space 404 is registered for one owner (or vehicle) 418, this is an exclusive vehicle. In another case, recording the parking spaces 401 and 402 with the occupancy record 122 can deactivate the owner (or vehicle) 411, 412, and 413. When the number of parking spaces 401 and 402 is less than the number of registered vehicles, the database 12 will pass the occupation The position record 122 is managed. The position record 122 is updated at any time. When the parking space is full, even if a vehicle listed in the white list 121 enters, according to the position record 122, the system still does not allow the vehicle to enter.

如圖所示,車位403登記可由多車主(或車輛)414,415,416與417所停,可以通過佔位記錄122記載現狀外,更可以停車時間表123管理各個車輛或駕駛的時間限制。舉例來說,若車位403被一個公司所有,其中公司成員有多位可停在車位403,但佔位記錄若已經記載有其中之一人停車,系統將拒絕其他人進入;或是,車主(或車輛)414,415,416與417分別有不同的上班時間,可以通過停車時間表123記錄車主(或車輛)414,415,416與417有不同允許進入的時間與離場時間,系統將根據停車時間表123管制車主(或車輛)414,415,416與417進出。 As shown in the figure, the parking space 403 registration can be parked by multiple owners (or vehicles) 414, 415, 416, and 417. In addition to recording the current situation through the occupancy record 122, the parking schedule 123 can also be used to manage the time limit of each vehicle or driving. For example, if parking space 403 is owned by a company, and multiple members of the company can park in parking space 403, but if the placeholder record already records that one of them is parked, the system will refuse others to enter; or, the car owner (or Vehicles) 414, 415, 416, and 417 have different working hours. You can record the owner (or vehicle) through the parking schedule 123. 414, 415, 416, and 417 have different allowed entry and departure times. The system will control the owner (or vehicle) according to the parking schedule 123 414, 415, 416 and 417 in and out.

再舉一例,車主(或車輛)419擁有停入車位405與406的資格,若車主419擁有多部車可停,系統同樣可以通過佔位記錄122記錄停車狀況,若此車主419記錄已經超過車位數量的停車記錄, 即便車主419列為白名單內,系統仍不會允許車輛再進入。 For another example, the owner (or vehicle) 419 has the qualification to park in parking spaces 405 and 406. If the owner 419 has multiple cars to park, the system can also record the parking situation through the placeholder record 122. If the owner 419 record has exceeded the parking space Number of parking records, Even if the owner 419 is whitelisted, the system will not allow the vehicle to enter again.

上述通過資料庫12的白名單121、佔位記錄122與停車時間表123的管理方式提供更彈性的停車場管理方案,車位擁有人可以通過管理主機進入系統設定白名單,包括有訪客臨停的狀況,可通過設定白名單121與停車時間表123,配合佔位記錄122進行管理。 The above-mentioned management method of the white list 121, the placeholder record 122 and the parking schedule 123 in the database 12 provides a more flexible parking management scheme. The parking space owner can enter the system to set a white list through the management host, including the status of visitors' temporary parking. , Can be managed by setting the white list 121 and the parking schedule 123 in cooperation with the placeholder record 122.

以下圖5、圖6與圖7分別以流程圖描述揭露書提出的停車場管理系統中車輛進出管制方法的幾個實施例步驟。 In the following FIG. 5, FIG. 6 and FIG. 7, the steps of the method for controlling vehicle access in the parking lot management system proposed by the disclosure are described in flowcharts.

根據圖5所示流程,開始如步驟S501,當系統已經讀取到進入車輛管制場所的車輛或駕駛的識別資料,以此查詢資料庫,並如步驟S503,判斷車輛或車輛駕駛是否在白名單內?若車輛或駕駛並未列於白名單內(否),則如步驟S511,系統將拒絕該車輛進入。 According to the flow shown in FIG. 5, starting at step S501, when the system has read the identification information of the vehicle or driving entering the vehicle control place, it queries the database, and determines whether the vehicle or driving of the vehicle is on the white list in step S503. Inside? If the vehicle or driving is not on the white list (No), then in step S511, the system will refuse the vehicle to enter.

若車輛或駕駛列於白名單內(是),系統繼續執行步驟S505,經查詢資料庫中停車時間表,可判斷車輛(或駕駛)進入的時間是否為可停車時間?若非為可停車時間(否),即如步驟S511,系統將拒絕進入,並可適當顯示相關拒絕理由在顯示屏幕上。 If the vehicle or driver is listed in the white list (Yes), the system continues to execute step S505. After querying the parking schedule in the database, can the vehicle (or driving) enter the parking time? If it is not the parking time (No), that is, as in step S511, the system will refuse to enter, and the relevant reason for rejection may be appropriately displayed on the display screen.

若車輛或駕駛進入時間為可停車時間(是),系統繼續執行步驟S507,根據資料庫中佔位記錄判斷是否車位已滿?若車位已滿(是),如步驟S511,即便車輛或駕駛列於白名單以及為可進入時間,都會被系統拒絕進入,並可以顯示屏幕顯示理由。若車位未滿(否),如步驟S509,系統將放行車輛。 If the vehicle or driving entry time is parking time (Yes), the system proceeds to step S507 to determine whether the parking space is full according to the placeholder record in the database. If the parking space is full (Yes), as in step S511, even if the vehicle or driver is on the white list and it is accessible, the system will refuse to enter and the screen may display the reason. If the parking space is not full (No), the system will release the vehicle in step S509.

在圖6所示流程中,車輛進出管制方法實施例可以根據判斷的車種提供訊息,此實施例適用於多車道且有車種分類的停車場,每個車道有各自對應的識別訊號讀取器,系統可以根據被啟動的識別訊號讀取器得到車道資訊,以及接著對應到讀取到的資料。 In the flow shown in FIG. 6, an embodiment of the method for controlling vehicle entry and exit can provide information according to the determined vehicle type. This embodiment is applicable to a multi-lane parking lot with a classification of vehicles. Each lane has its own corresponding identification signal reader. The system The lane information can be obtained according to the activated identification signal reader, and then corresponding to the read data.

在步驟S601中,系統感應到車輛進入車道,接著如步驟 S603,系統啟動車輛識別訊號讀取器,如步驟S605,以讀取車輛上或駕駛所持裝置的識別訊號,並如步驟S607,根據識別資料查詢資料庫,進而對照資料庫中對應識別資料所登記車輛的車種,如步驟S609,系統判斷出車種,而接著判斷是否符合車道車種?(步驟S611)。 In step S601, the system senses that the vehicle enters the lane, and then proceeds to step S601. S603, the system starts the vehicle identification signal reader, such as step S605, to read the identification signal of the device on the vehicle or the driver, and in step S607, query the database according to the identification data, and then register the corresponding identification data in the database. The vehicle type, as in step S609, the system determines the vehicle type, and then determines whether it conforms to the lane vehicle type? (Step S611).

若車輛不符合進入的車道種類限制(否),則執行步驟S615,系統拒絕該車輛進入,並以顯示屏幕提示訊息,要求改道或是離開。若車輛符合進入該車道的車種(是),系統才如繼續查詢白名單、佔位記錄與停車時間表的後續步驟(步驟S613)。 If the vehicle does not meet the restriction of the type of the entering lane (No), step S615 is executed, the system rejects the vehicle to enter, and displays a prompt message on the screen, requesting to change lanes or leave. If the vehicle matches the type of vehicle entering the lane (Yes), the system continues to query the white list, the placeholder record and the subsequent steps of the parking schedule (step S613).

圖7顯示停車場管理系統在車輛進出管制時提供個人化訊息的流程實施例。 FIG. 7 shows an embodiment of a process for the parking lot management system to provide personalized information when the vehicle enters and exits.

流程從步驟S701開始,經感知車輛進入閘門附近時,系統完成識別車輛或駕駛的步驟,即根據識別資料查詢資料庫白名單。若車輛或駕駛列於白名單內,即表示系統已經識別出該車輛或駕駛,因此可以接續查詢是否有個人訊息?(步驟S703)。 The process starts from step S701. When the vehicle is perceived to be near the gate, the system completes the steps of identifying the vehicle or driving, that is, querying the database white list according to the identification data. If the vehicle or driver is listed in the white list, it means that the system has identified the vehicle or driver, so you can continue to check whether there is a personal message? (Step S703).

若沒有個人訊息(否),即執行步驟S705,系統因為車輛或駕駛符合白名單,或是在上述實施例所描述,通過佔位記錄與停車時間表的查核,即放行車輛。 If there is no personal information (No), step S705 is performed. The system releases the vehicle because the vehicle or the driver meets the white list, or as described in the above embodiment, through the check of the placeholder record and the parking schedule.

若經判斷有個人訊息(是),如步驟S707,系統通過顯示屏幕顯示個人訊息,並接著放行車輛(步驟S705)。 If it is judged that there is a personal message (YES), as in step S707, the system displays the personal message through the display screen, and then releases the vehicle (step S705).

此例所述個人訊息為針對識別出的車輛駕駛的訊息,可以讓相關用戶通過管理主機設定提供某人的個人化訊息;亦可能為系統根據資料庫記載內容自動產生的個人化訊息,例如查詢資料庫後得知車主並未繳交停車管理費,則可以個人化方式提示。 The personal message described in this example is for the identified vehicle driving, which allows the relevant user to provide someone's personalized message through the management host settings; it may also be a personalized message automatically generated by the system based on the content recorded in the database, such as query After learning that the database owner has not paid the parking management fee, he can personalize the reminder.

值得一提的是,揭露書公開的停車場管理系統中設有資料庫,其中主要維護一白名單,但在特定實施例中,可加上黑名單,或一忽略名單。 It is worth mentioning that there is a database in the parking lot management system disclosed in the disclosure, which mainly maintains a white list, but in a specific embodiment, a black list or an ignore list can be added.

根據以上實施例,可知,停車場管理系統更適用於多種車主 與車位的關係下,包括一車(人)多位、多車(人)多位等情況,而原則是,即便車輛或駕駛通過白名單查核,仍在有空位的情況下才會放行車輛。 According to the above embodiments, it can be known that the parking lot management system is more suitable for a variety of vehicle owners The relationship with parking spaces includes one car (person), multiple cars (person), etc., and the principle is that even if the vehicle or driver passes the whitelist check, the vehicle will be released only when there is space.

另在一實施例中,由於系統可以採用射頻技術執行停車場管理,但是射頻技術可能會因為讀取範圍過大產生判讀的問題,例如,若停車場包括兩個(或以上)進出入車道,若不同車道上的識別碼讀取器都讀取到相同識別訊號,可以通過其他感知器(如地面感知裝置)輔助判斷,以免錯誤。在另一實施例中,若停車場的進入車道與出去車道為鄰近車道,同樣地,不同車道的識別碼讀取器都可能讀到同一車輛或駕駛的識別訊號,此時,除了仍可以通過其他感知器輔助判斷,更可以根據讀取訊息的前後時間判斷何者為先,何者為後,根據停車場的設計仍可以判斷車輛的進出狀態。 In another embodiment, because the system can use radio frequency technology to perform parking lot management, the radio frequency technology may cause interpretation problems due to the large reading range. For example, if the parking lot includes two (or more) entry and exit lanes, if there are different lanes The above identification code readers all read the same identification signal, and can be judged by other sensors (such as ground sensing devices) to avoid errors. In another embodiment, if the entry and exit lanes of the parking lot are adjacent lanes, similarly, the identification code readers of different lanes may read the identification signals of the same vehicle or driving. At this time, in addition to other The perceptron assists in judging, and it can also judge which one comes first and which one is last according to the time before and after reading the message. According to the design of the parking lot, the state of the vehicle's entry and exit can still be judged.

舉例來說,在此車輛相鄰的實施態樣中,停車場的進入閘道設有第一射頻標籤讀取器,而出車閘道設有第二射頻標籤讀取器,此第一與第二射頻標籤讀取器設置位置(如距離)為依照停車場車道設計。因此,此停車場管理系統將適應個別停車場的車道設計,將根據第一、第二射頻標籤讀取器的設置位置決定讀取到射頻標籤的一時間門檻。 For example, in this adjacent embodiment of the vehicle, the entrance gate of the parking lot is provided with a first radio frequency tag reader, and the exit gate is provided with a second radio frequency tag reader. The setting position (such as distance) of the two RFID tag readers is designed according to the parking lot lane. Therefore, this parking lot management system will adapt to the lane design of individual parking lots, and will determine a time threshold for reading the radio frequency tag according to the setting positions of the first and second radio frequency tag readers.

若第一射頻標籤讀取器先讀到射頻標籤,第二射頻標籤讀取器在上述時間門檻內亦讀到相同射頻標籤,此時,系統將忽略第二射頻標籤讀取器讀到的資訊。反之亦然。反之,若第一射頻標籤讀取器先讀到射頻標籤,在超過所述時間門檻後才讓第二射頻標籤讀取器讀到第二次,這時將會視為車輛進入又出去的事件。 If the first radio frequency tag reader first reads the radio frequency tag, and the second radio frequency tag reader also reads the same radio frequency tag within the time threshold, the system will ignore the information read by the second radio frequency tag reader. . vice versa. Conversely, if the first radio frequency tag reader first reads the radio frequency tag, and the second radio frequency tag reader is allowed to read the second time after the time threshold is exceeded, then the vehicle will be regarded as an event where the vehicle enters and exits.

另有情況是,若車輛在停車場內,停車場管理系統已經在資料庫中的佔位記錄中更新在停車場內的資訊,但是,一旦系統在外出時故障,可能並未更新到外出的訊息,若該車輛再次進入停車場,可能會發生錯誤的問題,但此停車場管理系統仍可以處理, 例如,當系統在一個時間間隔內重複讀取相同識別訊號時,系統就忽略重複讀取的記錄,可避免錯誤。 Another situation is that if the vehicle is in the parking lot, the parking lot management system has already updated the information in the parking lot in the placeholder record in the database, but once the system fails when going out, it may not be updated to the outgoing message. If the vehicle enters the parking lot again, an error may occur, but this parking lot management system can still handle it. For example, when the system repeatedly reads the same identification signal within a time interval, the system ignores the repeatedly read records to avoid errors.

是以,透過本揭露書提出的停車場管理系統與停車管制方法,實施例採用短距離無線通訊技術達到車輛識別與查詢資料庫的目的,通過資料庫中維護的白名單、佔位記錄與停車時間表管理車輛進出。而以上揭露的管理系統與進出管制方法,在等效的情況下,亦可以適用於船舶進出港口、飛行器進入管制區等環境中。 Therefore, through the parking lot management system and parking control method proposed in this disclosure, the embodiment uses short-range wireless communication technology to achieve the purpose of vehicle identification and query database, and through the white list, placeholder records and parking time maintained in the database The table manages vehicle entry and exit. And the management systems and access control methods disclosed above can also be applied to environments such as ships entering and leaving ports and aircraft entering control areas under equivalent circumstances.

以上所述僅為本發明之較佳可行實施例,凡依本發明申請專利範圍所做之均等變化與修飾,皆應屬本發明之涵蓋範圍。 The above descriptions are only the preferred and feasible embodiments of the present invention, and any equivalent changes and modifications made in accordance with the scope of patent application of the present invention shall fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

一種停車場管理系統,包括:一車輛進出管制系統,設於一車輛管制場所,於偵測到進入一車道的一車輛時,查詢一資料庫所記載的一白名單以及一佔位記錄,判斷該車輛是否可進入該車輛管制場所;其中該車輛進出管制系統包括:一識別碼讀取器,用以讀取該車輛或該車輛駕駛所持裝置的一識別訊號;一顯示屏幕,用以顯示查詢該資料庫的結果,該查詢結果產生的多種訊息包括查詢該白名單的結果、查詢該佔位記錄的結果、判斷是否進入錯誤車道的結果、該車輛或該車輛駕駛列於該白名單但不允許放行的理由、一個人化訊息、一停車時間訊息以及一警示訊息,該顯示屏幕即根據該查詢結果顯示該多種訊息的其中之一或其任意組合;以及一進出控制器,電性連結該識別碼讀取器與該顯示屏幕,根據該車輛進出管制系統判斷該車輛是否允許進入該車輛管制場所的結果,通過一驅動器控制一進出管制裝置;以及一管理主機,連結該資料庫,連結該車輛進出管制系統,以產生顯示於該顯示屏幕的訊息,並提供維護該資料庫的一使用者介面;其中該管理主機包括:一查詢模組,根據該車輛進出管制系統提供該車輛或該車輛駕駛的識別訊息,查詢該資料庫;一顯示控制模組,根據查詢該資料庫的結果,產生顯示於該顯示屏幕的訊息;一警示模組,根據查詢該資料庫的結果,以及判斷該車輛或該車輛駕駛的狀態,產生該警示訊息;一通訊模組,用以與該車輛進出管制系統進行雙向通訊;以及一管理模組,用以提供該使用者介面,提供一管理者通過該管理主機設定該車輛進出管制系統。A parking lot management system includes: a vehicle access control system, which is located at a vehicle control place; when a vehicle entering a lane is detected, querying a white list and a placeholder record recorded in a database to determine the Whether the vehicle can enter the vehicle control place; wherein the vehicle access control system includes: an identification code reader for reading an identification signal of the vehicle or a device held by the vehicle driving; a display screen for displaying the query The results of the database, the various information generated by the query result include the result of querying the white list, the result of querying the placeholder record, the result of judging whether to enter the wrong lane, the vehicle or the vehicle driving is listed on the white list but is not allowed The reason for the release, a personalized message, a parking time message, and a warning message, the display screen displays one or any combination of the multiple messages according to the query result; and an access controller electrically connects the identification code The reader and the display screen determine whether the vehicle is allowed to enter the vehicle according to the vehicle access control system As a result of the control place, an access control device is controlled by a driver; and a management host is connected to the database and the vehicle access control system to generate a message displayed on the display screen and provide a use for maintaining the database The management host includes: a query module for providing the vehicle or the driving identification information of the vehicle access control system to query the database; a display control module for querying the database, Generates a message displayed on the display screen; a warning module generates the warning message based on the results of querying the database and judging the vehicle or the driving status of the vehicle; a communication module for controlling access with the vehicle The system performs two-way communication; and a management module for providing the user interface and providing a manager to set the vehicle access control system through the management host. 如請求項1所述的停車場管理系統,其中該資料庫記載一停車時間表,提供該停車時間訊息,用以規範允許進入該車輛管制場所的各車輛或車輛駕駛可允許停車的時間表。The parking lot management system according to claim 1, wherein the database records a parking schedule, and provides the parking time information for regulating each vehicle allowed to enter the vehicle control place or the driving schedule of the vehicle. 如請求項1所述的停車場管理系統,其中該顯示屏幕所顯示關聯該車輛的該個人化訊息為查詢該資料庫後得到關聯該車輛或該駕駛的訊息。The parking lot management system according to claim 1, wherein the personalized information associated with the vehicle displayed on the display screen is a message associated with the vehicle or the driving obtained after querying the database. 如請求項1所述的停車場管理系統,其中該車輛進出管制系統更包括一車牌照相機,用以輔助該識別碼讀取器讀取該識別訊號。The parking lot management system according to claim 1, wherein the vehicle access control system further comprises a license plate camera to assist the identification code reader to read the identification signal. 如請求項4所述的停車場管理系統,其中該車輛進出管制系統更包括一感知該車輛進入該車道的手段,連接該進出控制器,經感知該車輛進入該車道,即觸發該識別碼讀取器或該車牌照相機運作以識別該車輛。The parking lot management system according to claim 4, wherein the vehicle access control system further includes a means for sensing the vehicle entering the lane, connecting the access controller, and sensing the vehicle entering the lane, triggering the identification code reading Or the license plate camera to identify the vehicle. 如請求項1至5其中之一所述的停車場管理系統,其中該識別碼讀取器為一射頻標籤讀取器,用以讀取設置於該車輛上的一識別標籤,或該車輛駕駛所持的識別卡片或裝置。The parking lot management system according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the identification code reader is a radio frequency tag reader for reading an identification tag provided on the vehicle, or held by the driver of the vehicle. Identification card or device. 一種車輛進出管制方法,應用於如請求項1所述的停車場管理系統,該方法包括:感應到一車輛進入一車道;啟動一識別碼讀取器;讀取該車輛或該車輛駕駛的一識別訊號;啟動一車牌照相機,以輔助拍攝該車輛的一車牌,並辨識該車牌;以一顯示屏幕顯示根據該識別訊號或該車牌而查詢一資料庫的結果,其中,該查詢結果產生的多種訊息包括查詢該白名單的結果、查詢該佔位記錄的結果、判斷是否進入錯誤車道的結果、該車輛或該車輛駕駛列於該白名單但不允許放行的理由、一個人化訊息、一停車時間訊息以及一警示訊息,該顯示屏幕即根據該查詢結果顯示該多種訊息的其中之一或其任意組合;以及判斷是否放行該車輛,若不放行該車輛,以該顯示屏幕顯示一不放行理由;若放行該車輛,以該顯示屏幕顯示與該車輛關聯的訊息。A vehicle access control method applied to the parking lot management system according to claim 1, the method includes: sensing a vehicle entering a lane; activating an identification code reader; reading an identification of the vehicle or the driving of the vehicle Signal; activating a license plate camera to assist in capturing a license plate of the vehicle and recognizing the license plate; displaying a result of querying a database based on the recognition signal or the license plate with a display screen, in which a variety of messages generated by the query result Including the result of querying the white list, the result of querying the placeholder record, the result of judging whether to enter the wrong lane, the reason why the vehicle or the vehicle is listed on the white list but is not allowed to be released, a personalized message, a parking time message And a warning message, the display screen displays one or any combination of the plurality of messages according to the query result; and judges whether to release the vehicle; if the vehicle is not released, a display reason is displayed on the display screen; The vehicle is released and a message associated with the vehicle is displayed on the display screen. 如請求項7所述的車輛進出管制方法,其中,於根據該識別訊號或該車牌而查詢該資料庫的步驟中,更包括:判斷該車輛或該車輛駕駛是否在一可停車時間,若該車輛進入時間並非在該可停車時間,即以該顯示屏幕顯示拒絕進入的訊息;若該車輛進入時間為該可停車時間內,即繼續判斷是否車位已滿,若車位已滿,即以該顯示屏幕顯示拒絕進入的訊息;以及若車位未滿,以該顯示屏幕顯示查詢該資料庫得到關聯該車輛或該車輛駕駛的該個人化訊息,並放行該車輛。The method for controlling access to a vehicle according to claim 7, wherein in the step of querying the database based on the identification signal or the license plate, the method further comprises: determining whether the vehicle or the vehicle is driven within a parking time, and if the The vehicle entry time is not within the parking time, that is, the display screen displays the message of refusing to enter; if the vehicle entry time is within the parking time, it continues to determine whether the parking space is full, and if the parking space is full, the display is displayed. The screen displays a message of refusing to enter; and if the parking space is not full, the display screen displays the database to query the database to obtain the personalized message associated with the vehicle or the vehicle driving, and release the vehicle.
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