TWI669684B - Method for establishing database of a parking site and a management system thereof - Google Patents

Method for establishing database of a parking site and a management system thereof Download PDF

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TWI669684B
TWI669684B TW107100525A TW107100525A TWI669684B TW I669684 B TWI669684 B TW I669684B TW 107100525 A TW107100525 A TW 107100525A TW 107100525 A TW107100525 A TW 107100525A TW I669684 B TWI669684 B TW I669684B
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vehicle
database
license plate
identification code
parking
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TW107100525A
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Chinese (zh)
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TW201931315A (en
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李振輝
李文宏
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宏頂科技股份有限公司
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Abstract

一種停車場資料庫建立方法與停車場管理系統,應用於一停車場,方法可用在停車場的舊系統升級為新系統的需求,使得舊系統可以快速建制具備無線識別碼的資料,讓停車場可以從一般車牌辨識轉換為無線識別碼的辨識技術。方法包括,當有車輛進入停車場車道時,可以啟動車牌辨識子系統,以識別車輛的車牌號碼,並啟動無線碼識別子系統,讀取車輛的一識別碼,於是,可在資料庫中自動建立車輛車牌對應車輛的識別碼的一筆資料。 A parking lot database establishing method and a parking lot management system are applied to a parking lot. The method can be used to upgrade the old system of the parking lot to the requirement of the new system, so that the old system can quickly establish the data with the wireless identification code, so that the parking lot can be identified from the general license plate. An identification technique that converts to a wireless identification code. The method includes, when a vehicle enters the parking lot lane, the license plate recognition subsystem can be activated to identify the license plate number of the vehicle, and activate the wireless code recognition subsystem to read an identification code of the vehicle, so that the vehicle can be automatically established in the database. The license plate corresponds to a piece of information of the vehicle's identification code.

Description

停車場資料庫建立方法與停車場管理系統 Parking garage database establishment method and parking lot management system

揭露書公開一種停車場系統,特別是指當新系統導入舊系統時的一種資料庫建立方法以及相關管理系統。 The disclosure discloses a parking lot system, in particular, a database establishing method and related management system when a new system is introduced into an old system.

在現有設置於社區、學校、辦公大樓等需要管制車輛進出的場所的停車場管理技術中,若配置有管理員或保全員,會以核對身份的方式管制進出車輛,常見方式是登記車輛車牌號碼與對應的駕駛身份,經核對成功,即控制閘門開啟放行。另有方式是對各車輛或駕駛核發管制卡片,如採用射頻標籤(RFID)的卡片或特定裝置(如閘門遙控器),進入車輛需要掃描管制卡片或是讀取無線訊號以核對其中識別碼(ID),經電腦比對後為白名單(whitelist)後,即開啟閘門放行。 In the existing parking lot management technology installed in communities, schools, office buildings and other places where the control of vehicles is required to enter and exit, if an administrator or a security guard is deployed, the entry and exit of the vehicle will be controlled by means of checking the identity. The common method is to register the vehicle license plate number and The corresponding driving identity is checked successfully, that is, the control gate is opened and released. Another way is to issue control cards for each vehicle or driver, such as cards using radio frequency tags (RFID) or specific devices (such as gate remotes). When entering the vehicle, you need to scan the control card or read the wireless signal to check the identification code ( ID), after the computer is compared to the whitelist (whitelist), the gate is opened.

更有習知技術採用車輛車牌辨識系統,此類技術可為無人管理或是人員為輔助管理的方式,先建立車牌白名單,或是加上黑名單,當有車輛接近閘門,即開啟照相機拍攝車牌,辨識車牌字母與號碼後,比對白名單或黑名單,確認為白名單身份後即可放行。 More conventional techniques use a vehicle license plate recognition system. Such technology can be used for unmanned management or personnel-assisted management. First, a license plate white list is created, or a blacklist is added. When a vehicle approaches the gate, the camera is turned on. After the license plate is identified, the license plate letters and numbers are recognized, and the whitelist or blacklist is compared, and the whitelist identity is confirmed and released.

然而,若現有停車場要採用新的系統,常見對於已經載有管理系統的停車場想要導入新系統的時,有導入困難的問題,因為新系統要使用舊有系統的資料有資料轉換的困難;或是想要導入 新系統,若直接用新系統取代舊有系統,但直接拋棄舊系統的方式除了因為要重新建置資料而耗費時間外,亦可能會導致過渡時期管理出現漏洞或是駕駛適應的問題。 However, if the existing parking lot is to adopt a new system, it is common to introduce a new system when the parking lot that already has the management system has a problem of difficulty in importing, because the new system has difficulty in converting data using the old system data; Or want to import In the new system, if the old system is directly replaced by the new system, the way to directly abandon the old system may be caused by loopholes in the transition management or driving adaptation, in addition to the time spent on re-establishing the data.

揭露書公開一種停車場資料庫建立方法與停車場管理系統,其主要目的之一是能快速建立或更新停車場資料庫,除了新建停車場資料庫的應用外,更適用已經具備舊有停車場系統的停車場。 The disclosure discloses a parking garage database establishment method and a parking lot management system. One of the main purposes of the disclosure is to quickly establish or update a parking garage database. In addition to the application of the new parking garage database, the parking lot already having the old parking system is more suitable.

根據實施例,應用於一停車場的停車場資料庫建立方法的主要步驟包括,啟動一車牌辨識子系統,以識別進入停車場的車道的車輛的車牌號碼,並啟動一無線碼識別子系統,以讀取車輛的識別碼,於是,能在資料庫中自動建立車輛車牌對應車輛的識別碼的一筆資料。 According to an embodiment, the main steps of the parking garage database establishing method applied to a parking lot include: initiating a license plate recognition subsystem to identify a license plate number of a vehicle entering a lane of the parking lot, and initiating a wireless code recognition subsystem to read the vehicle The identification code, so that a piece of information of the identification code of the vehicle license plate corresponding to the vehicle can be automatically established in the database.

其中,若應用在已經運行有車主與車牌關聯資料的舊系統中,於識別得到車輛的車牌號碼時,可經查詢資料庫後,在資料庫中自動加入對應車輛的車牌號碼的識別碼,如此,可以讓停車場從舊系統轉換到使用無線識別碼的新系統。 Wherein, if the application is in an old system in which the owner-and license-related information has been run, when the license plate number of the vehicle is identified, the identification code of the license plate number corresponding to the vehicle may be automatically added to the database after querying the database, It allows the parking lot to be converted from the old system to a new system using wireless identification codes.

同時,系統仍然運作,當辨識車輛的車牌號碼時,查詢資料庫之一白名單,若車輛並未列於白名單,拒絕放行。 At the same time, the system is still operating. When identifying the license plate number of the vehicle, a white list of the database is queried. If the vehicle is not listed in the white list, the release is refused.

在相關停車場管理系統的實施例中,系統包括有一資料庫,其中記載多位車主與各車主之一或多部車輛的車牌號碼,並記載一白名單以及一佔位記錄;包括有一車輛進出管制系統,設於一車輛管制場所,當偵測到進入車道的車輛時,車輛進出管制系統經查詢資料庫所記載的白名單以及佔位記錄後,可以判斷車輛是否可進入車輛管制場所。 In an embodiment of the related parking management system, the system includes a database in which the license plate numbers of one or more vehicles of each vehicle owner and each vehicle owner are recorded, and a white list and a place record are recorded; including a vehicle access control The system is located in a vehicle control place. When a vehicle entering the lane is detected, the vehicle entry and exit control system can determine whether the vehicle can enter the vehicle control place after checking the white list and the occupancy record recorded in the database.

車輛進出管制系統即包括有一車牌辨識子系統,以車牌照相機拍攝車輛的車牌,辨識車輛的車牌號碼;以及一無線碼識別子系統,以識別碼讀取器讀取車輛的識別碼,於是,可在資料庫自 動建立車輛車牌對應車輛的識別碼的一筆資料。 The vehicle access control system includes a license plate recognition subsystem that photographs the license plate of the vehicle with the license plate camera to identify the license plate number of the vehicle, and a wireless code recognition subsystem that reads the identification code of the vehicle with the identification code reader, so that Database from A data of the vehicle license plate corresponding to the identification code of the vehicle is dynamically established.

為了能更進一步瞭解本發明為達成既定目的所採取之技術、方法及功效,請參閱以下有關本發明之詳細說明、圖式,相信本發明之目的、特徵與特點,當可由此得以深入且具體之瞭解,然而所附圖式僅提供參考與說明用,並非用來對本發明加以限制者。 In order to further understand the technology, method and effect of the present invention in order to achieve the intended purpose, reference should be made to the detailed description and drawings of the present invention. The drawings are to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive

10‧‧‧管理主機 10‧‧‧Management host

12‧‧‧資料庫 12‧‧‧Database

15‧‧‧車輛進出管制系統 15‧‧‧Vehicle access control system

100‧‧‧車輛 100‧‧‧ Vehicles

16‧‧‧識別碼讀取器 16‧‧‧ID reader

17‧‧‧車牌照相機 17‧‧‧ License Plate Camera

13‧‧‧顯示屏幕 13‧‧‧ display screen

14‧‧‧進出控制器 14‧‧‧Incoming and outgoing controller

18‧‧‧進出管制裝置 18‧‧‧In and out control devices

19‧‧‧地面感知裝置 19‧‧‧Ground sensing device

101‧‧‧識別標籤 101‧‧‧ identification label

103‧‧‧查詢模組 103‧‧‧Query Module

104‧‧‧顯示控制模組 104‧‧‧Display Control Module

105‧‧‧警示模組 105‧‧‧Warning module

106‧‧‧通訊模組 106‧‧‧Communication module

107‧‧‧管理模組 107‧‧‧Management module

151‧‧‧控制單元 151‧‧‧Control unit

153‧‧‧顯示單元 153‧‧‧Display unit

152‧‧‧車輛感知單元 152‧‧‧Vehicle sensing unit

155‧‧‧識別訊號讀取單元 155‧‧‧identification signal reading unit

157‧‧‧車牌識別單元 157‧‧‧ License Plate Recognition Unit

159‧‧‧閘門控制單元 159‧‧‧gate control unit

158‧‧‧通訊單元 158‧‧‧Communication unit

121‧‧‧白名單 121‧‧‧White List

122‧‧‧佔位記錄 122‧‧‧Place Record

123‧‧‧停車時間表 123‧‧‧Parking schedule

30‧‧‧資料庫索引查表 30‧‧‧Database Index Lookup Table

301‧‧‧編號 301‧‧‧ number

303‧‧‧車主 303‧‧‧Car owners

305‧‧‧車號 305‧‧‧Car number

307‧‧‧識別碼 307‧‧‧ID

701,702,703,704,705,706‧‧‧車位 701, 702, 703, 704, 705, 706 ‧ ‧ parking spaces

711,712,713,714,715,716,717,718,719‧‧‧車主 711,712,713,714,715,716,717,718,719‧‧‧Car owners

步驟S401~S411‧‧‧停車場資料庫建立流程之一 Step S401~S411‧‧‧One of the establishment procedures of the parking lot database

步驟S501~S521‧‧‧停車場資料庫建立流程之二 Step S501~S521‧‧‧The second part of the parking lot database establishment process

步驟S601~S615‧‧‧車輛進出管制流程之一 Step S601~S615‧‧‧One of the vehicle access control procedures

步驟S801~S811‧‧‧車輛進出管制流程之二 Step S801~S811‧‧‧ Vehicle Entry and Exit Control Process 2

圖1顯示停車場管理系統的實施例示意圖;圖2顯示停車場管理系統的電腦系統架構示意圖;圖3顯示停車場管理系統中資料庫索引查表的實施例示意圖;圖4顯示停車場資料庫建立方法的實施例流程之一;圖5顯示停車場資料庫建立方法的實施例流程之二;圖6顯示流程描述停車場管理系統中車輛進出管制實施例步驟之一;圖7示意顯示停車場管理系統所維護的白名單情境示意圖;圖8顯示流程描述停車場管理系統中車輛進出管制實施例步驟之二。 1 is a schematic diagram showing an embodiment of a parking lot management system; FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram showing a computer system architecture of a parking lot management system; FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram showing an embodiment of a database library indexing table in a parking lot management system; One of the example processes; FIG. 5 shows the second embodiment of the parking lot database establishing method; FIG. 6 shows one of the steps of the vehicle entry and exit control embodiment in the parking lot management system; FIG. 7 shows the white list maintained by the parking lot management system. Schematic diagram of the situation; Figure 8 shows the second step of the embodiment of the vehicle access control in the parking lot management system.

揭露書公開一種停車場資料庫建立方法,以及相關停車場管理系統,其中實施例之一是在需要車輛管制的場所進出口附近應用了短距離無線通訊技術,通過此方法可以便利地將新系統導入已經具備舊有停車場系統的停車場管理中,達到資料庫建立(包括更新)的目的。 The disclosure discloses a parking garage database establishing method and a related parking lot management system, wherein one of the embodiments is to apply short-range wireless communication technology near the entrance and exit of a place where vehicle control is required, by which the new system can be conveniently introduced into the existing system. In the parking lot management with the old parking system, the purpose of database establishment (including updating) is achieved.

首先,先揭示適用此方法與系統的停車場,如圖1顯示停車場管理系統的實施例示意圖。 First, a parking lot to which the method and system are applied will be disclosed. FIG. 1 shows a schematic diagram of an embodiment of a parking lot management system.

示意圖顯示一個設於車輛管制場所的停車場進出口的車輛進 出管制系統15,車輛進出管制系統15通過軟體與硬體的配合實現一車牌辨識子系統與一無線碼識別子系統。其中,通過識別碼讀取器16讀取進入車道的車輛100(或其駕駛所持的卡片)的識別訊號,實施例可以採用射頻標籤讀取器,而車輛100的識別訊號可以為讀取設置在車輛100上的識別標籤101產生。實施例亦可採用其他短距離無線通訊技術的讀取器與標籤。識別碼讀取器16或可讀取由駕駛手中的識別卡片與裝置上的識別標籤所產生的識別訊號。識別標籤101例如射頻識別標籤(RFID tag),當系統讀取到車輛100(或駕駛首上的識別卡片或裝置)的識別訊號,即查詢資料庫12所記載的一白名單以及一佔位記錄,判斷車輛100(或駕駛)是否可進入車輛管制場所。 The schematic shows a vehicle entering and exiting the parking lot at the vehicle control site. Out of the control system 15, the vehicle access control system 15 implements a license plate recognition subsystem and a wireless code recognition subsystem through the cooperation of the software and the hardware. Wherein, the identification code reader 16 reads the identification signal of the vehicle 100 entering the lane (or the card held by the driver), and the embodiment may use a radio frequency tag reader, and the identification signal of the vehicle 100 may be set for reading. An identification tag 101 on the vehicle 100 is generated. Embodiments may also use other short-range wireless communication technology readers and tags. The identification code reader 16 can either read the identification signal generated by the identification card in the driver's hand and the identification tag on the device. The identification tag 101, such as a radio frequency identification tag (RFID tag), when the system reads the identification signal of the vehicle 100 (or the identification card or device on the driving head), that is, a white list and a place record recorded in the query database 12. It is determined whether the vehicle 100 (or driving) can enter the vehicle control place.

根據實施例之一,除了車輛進出管制系統15可以為獨立運作的停車場管理系統以外,比對用的資料庫12可設於後台,與管理主機10連結,管理主機10連結車輛進出管制系統15,功能是產生顯示於提供車輛100駕駛觀看的顯示屏幕13的訊息,並提供維護資料庫12的一使用者介面。 According to one of the embodiments, in addition to the vehicle access control system 15 being an independently operated parking lot management system, the comparison database 12 can be disposed in the background, coupled to the management host 10, and the management host 10 is coupled to the vehicle access control system 15, The function is to generate a message displayed on display screen 13 that provides driving view of vehicle 100 and to provide a user interface for maintenance database 12.

當車輛進出管制系統15通過查詢資料庫12的方式判斷是否可允許車輛100進入時,查詢結果可以顯示於顯示屏幕13上,顯示屏幕13的實施方式可以設於進出口的任意可以被駕駛看到的位置,顯示屏幕13用以顯示查詢資料庫12的結果,查詢結果產生的多種訊息可以各種方式顯示在顯示屏幕13上,內容包括查詢白名單的結果,告知車輛100的駕駛該車輛100是否列於白名單內,另一實施例更可維護一個黑名單,作為警示的依據。 When the vehicle access control system 15 determines whether the vehicle 100 can be allowed to enter by querying the database 12, the query result may be displayed on the display screen 13. The implementation of the display screen 13 may be set at any of the import and export to be seen by driving. The location of the display screen 13 is used to display the results of the query database 12. The various messages generated by the query result can be displayed on the display screen 13 in various manners, including the result of querying the whitelist, and informing the vehicle 100 whether to drive the vehicle 100. In the white list, another embodiment can maintain a blacklist as a basis for warning.

顯示內容包括查詢佔位記錄的結果,當車輛進出管制系統15的記錄顯示某車輛100登記的車位已經被其他也是被允許的車輛佔用,同樣記載於資料庫12中,經查詢後,即便後來進入的車輛100列於白名單內,但其車位被佔用,將顯示於顯示屏幕13上告知無法進入的訊息。相關實施例將於圖4描述。 The display content includes the result of querying the placeholder record. When the record of the vehicle entry and exit control system 15 indicates that the parking space registered by the vehicle 100 has been occupied by other vehicles that are also permitted, it is also recorded in the database 12, after inquiry, even if it is later entered. The vehicle 100 is listed in the white list, but its parking space is occupied and will be displayed on the display screen 13 to inform the inaccessible message. A related embodiment will be described in FIG.

顯示內容包括判斷是否進入錯誤車道的結果,若車輛管制場所的停車場設有不同車種的車道,如小型車、大型車、機車等,分別設計有不同的進入車道,車輛進出管制系統15可以根據不同車道上被驅動讀取識別訊號的識別碼讀取器16提供的資訊,比對資料庫12中記載登記車輛100的車種,判斷是否有走錯車道的事件,這個查詢結果也將顯示在顯示屏幕13上,若為錯誤車輛,將告知離開。值得一提的是,系統在車種的判斷上,可以配合影像辨識技術來辨識車種。 The display content includes the result of judging whether or not the wrong lane is entered. If the parking lot of the vehicle control location is provided with lanes of different vehicle types, such as a small car, a large car, a locomotive, etc., different entry lanes are respectively designed, and the vehicle access control system 15 can be based on different lanes. The information provided by the identification code reader 16 driven to read the identification signal compares the vehicle type of the registered vehicle 100 in the database 12 to determine whether there is an event of a wrong lane, and the result of the inquiry will also be displayed on the display screen 13 On, if it is a wrong vehicle, it will tell you to leave. It is worth mentioning that the system can identify the vehicle type with the image recognition technology in the judgment of the vehicle type.

顯示內容包括即便車輛100已經列於白名單內但仍不允許放行的理由,理由可以是上述實施例中車輛100登記的車位被佔用,或是超過可以停車的時間限制,或是車輛100有不良記錄而被停權,或是車輛100車主有其他違規事項,都可在此動作中被提醒或解決。 The display content includes the reason why the vehicle 100 is not allowed to be released even if the vehicle 100 is already listed in the white list. The reason may be that the parking space registered by the vehicle 100 in the above embodiment is occupied, or exceeds the time limit for parking, or the vehicle 100 is defective. If the record is suspended, or if the owner of the vehicle 100 has other violations, it can be reminded or resolved in this action.

若以社區停車場或公司大樓的停車場為例,顯示內容可以為一個人化訊息,這個個人化訊息包括關聯車輛100或其駕駛的訊息,也是經過查詢資料庫12得出,可能是通知駕駛的繳費(停車費用)訊息、違規事項、管理室中保管了駕駛的包裹、信件等通知訊息。 For example, in the community parking lot or the parking lot of the company building, the display content may be a personalized message. The personalized message includes the associated vehicle 100 or the driving information thereof, and is also obtained through the inquiry database 12, which may be a notification of the driving payment ( Parking fees) Messages, violations, and notifications such as packages, letters, etc. that are kept in the management room.

顯示內容可以是停車時間訊息,車輛進出管制系統15可以提供設定(如通過管理主機10)每台車輛100的停車時間限制,讓停車場車位更充分被利用。當車輛100進入車道,經讀取識別訊號後查詢資料庫12中的一停車時間表,系統通過停車時間表中記載的各車輛可以停車的時間訊息,以規範各車輛100允許進入車輛管制場所的時間。經查詢後,可以將是否逾時、停車剩餘時間等資訊顯示在顯示屏幕13上。 The display content may be a parking time message, and the vehicle access control system 15 may provide settings (e.g., by managing the host 10) the parking time limit of each vehicle 100 to allow the parking space to be fully utilized. When the vehicle 100 enters the lane, after reading the identification signal, a parking schedule in the database 12 is queried, and the system passes the time information that each vehicle can be parked in the parking schedule to regulate the permission of each vehicle 100 to enter the vehicle control location. time. After the inquiry, information such as timeout, remaining time of parking, and the like can be displayed on the display screen 13.

顯示內容可以是一警示訊息,當通過,或是查詢資料庫12後,可以得到車輛100或駕駛的相關狀態,例如當識別碼讀取器16讀取進入車道的車輛100的識別訊號時,若有讀取不到的問 題,可能是識別標籤101掉落或損毀,或是被鎖住(鎖卡),或是車輛100列於黑名單,可以警示訊息顯示給車輛100駕駛或是現場人員參考。 The display content may be a warning message. When passed, or after querying the database 12, the relevant state of the vehicle 100 or driving may be obtained, for example, when the identification code reader 16 reads the identification signal of the vehicle 100 entering the lane, There is a question that cannot be read The problem may be that the identification tag 101 is dropped or damaged, or locked (locked), or the vehicle 100 is blacklisted, and the warning message may be displayed to the vehicle 100 for driving or for reference by the field personnel.

顯示屏幕13可根據查詢結果顯示以上描述的多種訊息的其中之一或其任意組合。 The display screen 13 can display one of the various messages described above or any combination thereof according to the result of the query.

在一實施例中,若車輛進出管制系統15無法通過識別碼讀取器16讀取到車輛100的識別訊號時,車輛進出管制系統15更可設置有一車牌照相機17,用以輔助識別碼讀取器16讀不到識別訊號的問題,通過拍攝車輛100的車牌以識別車輛100,可以根據車牌辨識結果查詢資料庫12。 In an embodiment, if the vehicle access control system 15 cannot read the identification signal of the vehicle 100 through the identification code reader 16, the vehicle access control system 15 may further be provided with a license plate camera 17 for assisting the identification code reading. The device 16 cannot read the problem of the identification signal. By photographing the license plate of the vehicle 100 to identify the vehicle 100, the database 12 can be queried based on the license plate recognition result.

根據實施例之一,當偵測到有進入車道的車輛100,其中感知車輛進入車道的偵測手段可以如圖示在車道上設有地面感知裝置19,以感應線圈或是壓力感知器的方式判斷有車輛進入;但也不排除其他偵測方式,例如採用紅外線光線遮斷方式、影像偵測方式等。當判斷有車輛100進入車道,可以接著觸發上述實施例描述的識別碼讀取器16或是車牌照相機17,始執行識別車輛100、查詢資料庫12、顯示查詢結果等步驟。 According to one of the embodiments, when the vehicle 100 entering the lane is detected, the detecting means for sensing the vehicle entering the lane may be provided with the ground sensing device 19 on the lane as shown, in the manner of an induction coil or a pressure sensor. It is judged that there is a vehicle entering; however, other detection methods are not excluded, such as infrared light interception mode and image detection mode. When it is determined that the vehicle 100 enters the lane, the identification code reader 16 or the license plate camera 17 described in the above embodiment may be triggered to perform the steps of recognizing the vehicle 100, querying the database 12, displaying the query result, and the like.

上述識別車輛100的各功能模組連接一進出控制器14,電性連結識別碼讀取器16、車牌照相機17與顯示屏幕13。當車輛進出管制系統15完成車輛識別與訊息顯示後,進出控制器14(包括驅動器)根據車輛進出管制系統15判斷車輛10是否進入車輛管制場所的結果通過驅動器(未示於此圖)控制進出管制裝置18,如柵欄或其他具有管制車輛100進入的措施,或可包括控制各種燈號、聲響、語音等的方式提示駕駛目前的狀態。若車輛100為允許進入該車輛管制場所,控制進出管制裝置18開啟;反之,即維持(關閉)進出管制裝置18在阻擋車輛100進入的狀態。 Each function module of the above-described identification vehicle 100 is connected to an access controller 14, electrically connecting the identification code reader 16, the license plate camera 17, and the display screen 13. After the vehicle access control system 15 completes the vehicle identification and message display, the entry and exit controller 14 (including the driver) controls the entry and exit control by the driver (not shown in the figure) based on the result of the vehicle entry and exit control system 15 determining whether the vehicle 10 enters the vehicle control location. The device 18, such as a fence or other measure that controls the entry of the vehicle 100, may include prompting the driving of the current state in a manner that controls various lights, sounds, voices, and the like. If the vehicle 100 is allowed to enter the vehicle control location, the control access control device 18 is turned on; otherwise, the access control device 18 is maintained (closed) in a state in which the vehicle 100 is blocked from entering.

圖2顯示停車場管理系統的電腦系統架構示意圖,停車場管理系統可包括設於管理後台的管理主機10以及設於停車場進出入 口的車輛進出管制系統15。 2 shows a schematic diagram of a computer system architecture of a parking lot management system. The parking lot management system may include a management host 10 located in the management background and a parking lot located in the parking lot. The vehicle access control system 15 of the mouth.

設於停車場出入口的車輛進出管制系統15為硬體電路與軟體的組合,電路中設有控制單元151,用以控制車輛進出管制系統15中各電路單元的運作;設有車輛感知單元152,可以紅外線、地面感知裝置(感應線圈)、影像感知等方式實現感知進入車輛的功能;設有顯示單元153,用以驅動前端顯示屏幕顯示內容,顯示內容一般可由管理主機10根據查詢資料庫12的結果提供;設有識別訊號讀取單元155,實現一無線碼識別子系統,包括一射頻標籤讀取器,設於可以讀取車輛上識別標籤的位置;系統除了提供一種識別訊號讀取的方案外,更可設有車牌識別單元157,實現一車牌辨識子系統,可以作為輔助識別車輛的用途,在識別訊號讀取單元155失效,或是讀取不到識別訊號時,啟動車牌識別單元157,驅動前台的車牌照相機執行車牌拍攝與辨識;設有閘門控制單元159,此為控制閘門啟閉的驅動電路;車輛進出管制系統15設有通訊單元158,可以為一網路通訊電路,目的之一是與管理主機10通訊。 The vehicle access control system 15 provided at the entrance and exit of the parking lot is a combination of a hardware circuit and a software. The circuit is provided with a control unit 151 for controlling the operation of each circuit unit in the vehicle access control system 15; and a vehicle sensing unit 152 is provided. Infrared, ground sensing device (inductive coil), image sensing, etc. realize the function of sensing the entering of the vehicle; and the display unit 153 is configured to drive the display content of the front end display screen, and the display content is generally obtained by the management host 10 according to the result of the query database 12 Provided; an identification signal reading unit 155 is implemented to implement a wireless code recognition subsystem, including a radio frequency tag reader, which is disposed at a position where the identification tag of the vehicle can be read; the system provides a solution for identifying the signal reading, Further, a license plate recognition unit 157 can be provided to implement a license plate recognition subsystem, which can be used as an auxiliary identification vehicle. When the identification signal reading unit 155 fails or the identification signal is not read, the license plate recognition unit 157 is activated to drive. The license plate camera at the front desk performs license plate photographing and identification; and has a gate control unit 159, which The driving circuit for controlling the opening and closing of the gate; the vehicle access control system 15 is provided with a communication unit 158, which can be a network communication circuit, and one of the purposes is to communicate with the management host 10.

管理主機10可為一電腦系統,由軟體與硬體組成,連結資料庫12以及車輛進出管制系統15,管理主機10用以產生顯示於在停車場進出口的顯示屏幕的訊息,並提供維護資料庫12的使用者介面,使用者介面例如一個網頁化的管理介面,提供管理員、用戶、公司單位等人員可以遠端維護其中的白名單,包括編輯資料庫。 The management host 10 can be a computer system composed of software and hardware, and is connected to the database 12 and the vehicle access control system 15. The management host 10 generates a message displayed on the display screen of the entrance and exit of the parking lot, and provides a maintenance database. The user interface of the user interface, such as a web-based management interface, provides administrators, users, company units, and the like to remotely maintain the whitelist, including editing the database.

根據其功能,管理主機10設有一查詢模組103,可以根據車輛進出管制系統15提供車輛的識別訊息查詢資料庫12;設有一顯示控制模組104,根據查詢資料庫12的結果,產生顯示於顯示屏幕的訊息,顯示訊息可以根據顯示屏幕的尺寸、解析度編排,以各樣的方式顯示給車輛駕駛查看;設有一警示模組105,根據查詢資料庫12的結果,以及判斷車輛(或駕駛)的狀態,在符合特定 條件下可以產生警示訊息,警示訊息可以聲響、燈光、顯示內容等方式表示;設有一通訊模組106,用以與車輛進出管制系統15進行雙向通訊,並可包括提供網路連線,提供管理者、用戶來存取其中資訊、維護資料庫12,另可通過網際網路連線外部系統,如保全系統、報警系統等,達到安全性的目的。 According to its function, the management host 10 is provided with an inquiry module 103, which can provide the vehicle identification information query database 12 according to the vehicle access control system 15; and a display control module 104 is provided to display the result according to the query database 12 Displaying the message of the screen, the display message can be arranged according to the size and resolution of the display screen, and displayed to the driving view of the vehicle in various ways; a warning module 105 is provided, according to the result of querying the database 12, and determining the vehicle (or driving) State of compliance A warning message may be generated under the condition that the warning message may be represented by sound, light, display content, etc.; a communication module 106 is provided for two-way communication with the vehicle access control system 15, and may include providing network connection and providing management Users and users can access the information, maintain the database 12, and connect to external systems through the Internet, such as security systems, alarm systems, etc., to achieve security purposes.

管理主機10設有一管理模組107,用以提供上述的使用者介面,如網頁介面,或是行動裝置上的管理介面等,提供管理者通過管理主機10設定車輛進出管制系統15的相關參數。在另一實施例中,可以通過通訊模組106連線一雲端系統,雲端系統可以服務多個停車管制場所的停車場管理系統,雲端系統可讓伺服器端人員可以通過雲端系統設定各終端停車場管理系統。 The management host 10 is provided with a management module 107 for providing the above-mentioned user interface, such as a web interface, or a management interface on the mobile device, etc., and provides the administrator with the relevant parameters for setting the vehicle access control system 15 through the management host 10. In another embodiment, the cloud system can be connected through the communication module 106. The cloud system can serve the parking management system of multiple parking control places. The cloud system allows the server personnel to set the parking management of each terminal through the cloud system. system.

接著,根據揭露書提出的建立(包括更新)停車場資料庫的方法中,實施例可以是建立如圖3所示資料庫索引查表示意圖。也就是說,在一般需要管制車輛進出的場所中,通常已經具備有一般停車場必要的資訊,如圖中資料庫索引查表30中的編號301、車主303與車號305,其中編號301與車主303也可以其他可以識別與查詢的索引取代,而車號305則是舊有系統經常的必備資料,並據此建立白名單、黑名單或是忽略名單等。 Then, according to the method for establishing (including updating) the parking lot database proposed by the disclosure, the embodiment may be to establish a database index table as shown in FIG. That is to say, in the place where the general control of the vehicle is required to enter and exit, the information necessary for the general parking lot is usually already provided, as shown in the database index table 30, number 301, the owner 303 and the car number 305, wherein the number 301 and the owner 303 can also be replaced by other indexes that can be identified and queried, while car number 305 is a must-have item for the old system, and whitelists, blacklists, or ignore lists are established accordingly.

如此,當此類具有舊資料的停車場系統需要升級或更新到其他停車場管理系統時,通常需要在新系統重新建立資料。舉例來說,若導入採用短距離無線通訊技術的停車場管理系統,管理人或系統廠商需要拿著無線訊號掃描器去逐一掃描各車輛上的識別標籤,如RFID標籤,或是車主手上的識別卡片標籤;或可在先行建立識別卡片標籤資料後才發給車主。 As such, when such a parking system with old data needs to be upgraded or updated to other parking management systems, it is often necessary to re-establish the data in the new system. For example, if a parking lot management system using short-range wireless communication technology is introduced, the administrator or system manufacturer needs to carry a wireless signal scanner to scan the identification tags on each vehicle one by one, such as an RFID tag, or the identification on the owner's hand. Card label; or can be sent to the owner after the identification card label data is created first.

不同於以上方式,停車場資料庫建立方法可以如圖4或圖5所述流程實施例建立(包括更新)停車場資料庫,可以在資料庫索引查表30中的編號301、車主303與車號305之後,快速建立另一索引欄位:識別碼307,識別碼307在一實施例中可以為射頻 識別碼。 Different from the above manner, the parking garage database establishing method may establish (including update) the parking lot database according to the process embodiment as shown in FIG. 4 or FIG. 5, and may be number 301, the owner 303 and the car number 305 in the database index lookup table 30. Thereafter, another index field is quickly established: an identification code 307, which in one embodiment may be a radio frequency Identifier.

然而,欲在停車場管理系統中建制一個包括車主、車牌號碼、識別碼的資料庫,在一實施例中,如圖4所示停車場資料庫建立方法的實施例流程。 However, in order to construct a database including the owner, the license plate number, and the identification code in the parking lot management system, in an embodiment, the flow of the embodiment of the parking lot database establishing method is as shown in FIG.

流程一開始,如步驟S401,停車場管理系統中的車輛進出管制系統可以通過偵測手段偵測到有車輛進入車道,此時,如步驟S403,才觸發啟動車牌辨識子系統,通過一車牌照相機拍攝車輛的車牌,以識別車輛的車牌號碼。車牌辨識子系統可以採用影像辨識技術,先得到進入車道的車輛的車牌位置,再以影像辨識技術得到車牌英文與數字,如步驟S405。 At the beginning of the process, in step S401, the vehicle access control system in the parking lot management system can detect that a vehicle enters the lane by detecting means. At this time, in step S403, the activation of the license plate recognition subsystem is triggered, and the vehicle is photographed by a license plate camera. The license plate of the vehicle to identify the license plate number of the vehicle. The license plate recognition subsystem can adopt image recognition technology to first obtain the license plate position of the vehicle entering the lane, and then obtain the license plate English and numbers by image recognition technology, as in step S405.

同時,如步驟S407,可以啟動無線碼識別子系統,以一識別碼讀取器讀取車輛的識別碼,如步驟S409。識別碼如以上實施例所述,可以為自車輛上射頻標籤所讀取的無線識別碼,如此,如步驟S411,能於資料庫自動建立車輛車牌對應車輛的識別碼的一筆資料。反覆以上步驟,可以成功建立車主、車牌與識別碼的資料庫。 Meanwhile, in step S407, the wireless code recognition subsystem may be activated to read the identification code of the vehicle with an identification code reader, as by step S409. As described in the above embodiment, the identification code may be a wireless identification code read from the radio frequency tag on the vehicle. Thus, in step S411, a piece of data of the identification code of the vehicle corresponding to the vehicle license plate can be automatically established in the database. Repeat the above steps to successfully establish a database of owners, license plates and identification codes.

在一實施例中,上述車牌辨識子系統與無線碼識別子系統可以為全時運作,也可以一般處於休眠省電狀態,一旦偵測到有車輛進入才被觸發啟動。 In an embodiment, the license plate recognition subsystem and the wireless code recognition subsystem may operate in a full-time manner, or may be generally in a sleep power-saving state, and are triggered to be started upon detection of a vehicle entering.

除了新建車主、車牌與識別碼的資料庫外,方法可適用導入新系統的停車場管理系統。當所述停車場管理系統欲導入一已經具備車主與車牌號碼的資料庫的舊系統時,將可以圖5所示停車場資料庫建立方法的實施例流程快速建立具備車主、車牌號碼與識別碼的資料庫。實施例如下。 In addition to the new database of owners, license plates and identification codes, the method can be applied to the parking system management system of the new system. When the parking lot management system wants to import an old system that already has a database of the owner and the license plate number, the flow of the owner, the license plate number and the identification code can be quickly established by the embodiment of the parking lot database establishing method shown in FIG. Library. The implementation is as follows.

開始如步驟S501,系統偵測車輛進入車道,如步驟S503,啟動車牌辨識子系統,再如步驟S505,以影像辨識技術辨識車牌;如步驟S507,啟動無線碼識別子系統,於步驟S509中,可以讀取器讀取車輛識別碼。 Beginning in step S501, the system detects that the vehicle enters the lane. In step S503, the license plate recognition subsystem is activated. Then, in step S505, the license plate is identified by the image recognition technology. In step S507, the wireless code recognition subsystem is started. In step S509, The reader reads the vehicle identification code.

特別是,當資料庫已經記載車主與車主之一或多部車輛的車牌號碼時,在步驟S511中,系統可以所辨識得到的車牌號碼查詢資料庫,如步驟S513,系統判斷車輛是否列於白名單?若並未列於白名單內(否),如步驟S515,系統將拒絕該車輛進入,可以通過訊息提示駕駛駛離停車場,或是發出警示。此時,系統具有自動更新資料庫的功能,可以將識別為非白名單的車牌號碼或是識別碼列於資料庫的一黑名單或一忽略名單中。 In particular, when the database has recorded the license plate number of one or more vehicles of the owner and the owner, in step S511, the system can query the database of the license plate number identified, and in step S513, the system determines whether the vehicle is listed in white. List? If it is not listed in the white list (No), in step S515, the system will refuse to enter the vehicle, and the driver may be prompted to drive away from the parking lot or issue a warning. At this time, the system has a function of automatically updating the database, and the license plate number or the identification code recognized as a non-white list can be listed in a blacklist or an ignore list of the database.

若辨識得到的車牌號碼列於白名單內(是),如步驟S517,系統判斷是否為新增資料?若否,表示系統資料庫已經記錄此車輛的車牌號碼與識別碼,即如步驟S521,放行車輛進入;若判斷資料庫中缺少此車輛的識別碼,執行步驟S519,仍可在識別車輛的車牌號碼時,於資料庫中加入對應車輛的車牌號碼的識別碼。 If the identified license plate number is listed in the white list (Yes), in step S517, the system determines whether it is new information. If not, it indicates that the license plate number and the identification code of the vehicle have been recorded in the system database, that is, in step S521, the vehicle is released; if it is determined that the identification code of the vehicle is missing in the database, step S519 is performed, and the license plate of the vehicle can still be identified. When the number is used, the identification code of the license plate number corresponding to the vehicle is added to the database.

在一實施例中,停車場管理系統可以提供車輛車主更新資料庫的機制,當系統同時辨識車牌號碼以及讀取識別碼,若資料庫已經記載對應車輛的車牌號碼的一識別碼,但卻不同於當下讀取的另一識別碼,表示可能相關識別標籤更新,系統將提示車輛的駕駛,詢問是否更新該筆資料。車主可以在之後通過管理主機更新資料庫,或是當下與系統確認更新,系統將自動更新資料庫中對應車牌號碼的識別碼。 In an embodiment, the parking lot management system may provide a mechanism for the vehicle owner to update the database. When the system recognizes the license plate number and reads the identification code at the same time, if the database has recorded an identification code corresponding to the license plate number of the vehicle, but is different from Another identification code read now indicates that the relevant identification tag is updated, and the system will prompt the driving of the vehicle to ask whether to update the data. The owner can update the database through the management host later, or confirm the update with the system at present, the system will automatically update the identification code of the corresponding license plate number in the database.

以上所述系統可指車輛進出管制系統,或是通過停車場管理系統中的管理主機執行停車場資料庫建立方法。 The system described above may refer to a vehicle access control system or a parking garage database establishment method through a management host in a parking lot management system.

當完成資料庫建置,如圖6所示的實施例流程圖,即可運行停車場管理系統中車輛進出管制步驟。 When the database construction is completed, as shown in the flowchart of the embodiment shown in FIG. 6, the vehicle access control step in the parking lot management system can be operated.

在系統運作時,如步驟S601,當感應到車輛進入車道時,若車道不只一個,可以根據感知車輛進入的感知器位置判斷車道,於是,如步驟S603,系統將啟動對應車道的車輛識別訊號讀取器,如步驟S605,以讀取識別訊號,這時,讀取的結果可以如步驟S615所示,顯示在顯示屏幕上,提供車輛駕駛讀取結果相關的訊息, 包括可以放行或不能放行;實施例,可同時執行步驟S607,啟動車牌照相機拍攝車牌,以輔助拍攝車牌與辨識車牌的方式進行車輛識別與確認,同樣地,辨識結果可以顯示在顯示屏幕上(步驟S615)。接著,根據讀取到的車輛識別訊號或是車牌資訊,如步驟S609,以軟體手段查詢資料庫,主要是對照白名單,並可比對佔位記錄、停車時間表等,再如步驟S611,系統能夠判斷是否放行車輛? When the system is operating, as in step S601, when the vehicle is sensed to enter the lane, if there is more than one lane, the lane can be determined according to the position of the sensor that senses the vehicle entering. Then, in step S603, the system will start the vehicle identification signal of the corresponding lane. In step S605, the identifier is read, and the result of the reading may be displayed on the display screen as shown in step S615 to provide a message related to the driving result of the vehicle driving. In the embodiment, step S607 may be simultaneously performed to start the license plate camera to capture the license plate, to assist in capturing the license plate and recognizing the license plate, and the vehicle identification and confirmation may be performed. Similarly, the identification result may be displayed on the display screen (steps) S615). Then, according to the read vehicle identification signal or the license plate information, in step S609, the database is inquired by software means, mainly by comparing the white list, and the occupancy record, the parking schedule, etc. are compared, and the system is further as step S611. Can you tell if you are releasing the vehicle?

若車輛並非允許進入的車輛,如未列於白名單內,或是車位已有其他被允許進入的車輛佔位,系統通過顯示屏幕顯示不允許進入的相關訊息(步驟S615);反之,若車輛被允許進入,即如步驟S613,放行車輛,相關訊息亦可顯示在顯示屏幕上。 If the vehicle is not allowed to enter the vehicle, if it is not listed in the white list, or the vehicle has other vehicles that are allowed to enter, the system displays the related information that is not allowed to enter through the display screen (step S615); It is allowed to enter, that is, as in step S613, the vehicle is released, and related information can also be displayed on the display screen.

如上述實施例,以顯示屏幕顯示根據識別訊號或車牌而查詢資料庫的結果,查詢結果產生的多種訊息包括查詢白名單的結果、查詢佔位記錄的結果、判斷是否進入錯誤車道的結果、車輛或駕駛列於白名單但不允許放行的理由、個人化訊息、停車時間訊息以及警示訊息,顯示屏幕即根據管理主機的指令,將查詢結果顯示出來,可為上述多種訊息的其中之一或其任意組合。 In the above embodiment, the display screen displays the result of querying the database according to the identification signal or the license plate, and the plurality of messages generated by the query result include the result of querying the white list, the result of querying the place record, the result of determining whether to enter the wrong lane, and the vehicle. Or driving the reasons listed on the white list but not allowed to release, personalized messages, parking time messages, and warning messages. The display screen displays the results of the query according to the instructions of the management host, which can be one of the above various messages or random combination.

揭露書所提出的停車場管理系統與相關方法適用於一部車輛對應的一個車位、或一部車輛的車位可以登記給多人停車,或如一家人有多人擁有車輛,但車位有限,少於車輛數目的各種情況下,系統更支援設定每部車可以停車的時間限制,都可通過白名單、佔位記錄與停車時間表等方式進行管理,提供更有彈性與有效率的停車場管理方案。圖7示意顯示停車場管理系統所維護的白名單情境示意圖。 The parking lot management system and related methods proposed in the disclosure are applicable to one parking space corresponding to one vehicle, or the parking space of one vehicle can be registered for parking for multiple people, or if a family has multiple people owning the vehicle, but the parking space is limited, less than In various situations of the number of vehicles, the system also supports setting the time limit for each car to be parked. It can be managed through whitelists, occupancy records and parking schedules to provide a more flexible and efficient parking management solution. Figure 7 is a schematic diagram showing a whitelist scenario maintained by the parking lot management system.

此例顯示系統提供一資料庫12,其中至少記載了提供用戶或管理員設定的白名單121,記錄可允許進入停車場的車輛(車牌號碼、識別碼);佔位記錄122即時記錄了每個車輛與車位的現狀;停車時間表123提供用戶設定每台車輛或是車主/駕駛可以進出的 時間限制。如此,通過資料庫12可以管理如圖所列舉的幾種狀況,但系統實施例並不限制在此實施例上。 The example display system provides a database 12 in which at least a white list 121 provided by a user or an administrator is provided, and a vehicle (a license plate number, an identification code) that allows access to the parking lot is recorded; the occupancy record 122 records each vehicle in real time. With the status quo of the parking space; the parking schedule 123 provides the user to set each vehicle or the owner/driver can enter and exit time limit. As such, several conditions as exemplified in the figure can be managed by the database 12, but the system embodiment is not limited to this embodiment.

舉例來說,資料庫12以白名單121記錄了車主711,712,713,714,715,716,717,718與719。最單純的情況如車位704僅登記讓一車主(或車輛)718所停,此為專屬車輛。在另一情況是,以佔位記錄122記錄車位701與702可以讓車主(或車輛)711,712與713所停用,當車位701與702的數量少於登記的車輛數目,資料庫12將通過佔位記錄122管理,佔位記錄122隨時更新,當車位已經被停滿,即便有列於白名單121中的車輛進入,根據佔位記錄122,系統仍不允許該車輛進入。 For example, database 12 records owners 711, 712, 713, 714, 715, 716, 717, 718, and 719 in white list 121. The simplest case, such as parking space 704, is only registered for a vehicle owner (or vehicle) 718 to stop, which is a proprietary vehicle. In another case, recording the parking spaces 701 and 702 in the occupancy record 122 may deactivate the vehicle owners (or vehicles) 711, 712 and 713. When the number of parking spaces 701 and 702 is less than the number of registered vehicles, the database 12 will pass through The bit record 122 is managed, and the place record 122 is updated at any time. When the parking space has been stopped, even if the vehicle listed in the white list 121 enters, according to the occupancy record 122, the system does not allow the vehicle to enter.

如圖所示,車位703登記可由多車主(或車輛)714,715,716與717所停,可以通過佔位記錄122記載現狀外,更可以停車時間表123管理各個車輛或駕駛的時間限制。舉例來說,若車位703被一個公司所有,其中公司成員有多位可停在車位703,但佔位記錄若已經記載有其中之一人停車,系統將拒絕其他人進入;或是,車主(或車輛)714,715,716與717分別有不同的上班時間,可以通過停車時間表123記錄車主(或車輛)714,715,716與717有不同允許進入的時間與離場時間,系統將根據停車時間表123管制車主(或車輛)714,715,716與717進出。 As shown, the parking space 703 registration can be stopped by the plurality of vehicle owners (or vehicles) 714, 715, 716 and 717. The occupancy record 122 can be used to record the current status, and the parking schedule 123 can be used to manage the time limit of each vehicle or driving. For example, if the parking space 703 is owned by a company, many of the company members can park in the parking space 703, but if one of the parking records has been recorded, the system will refuse to enter other people; or, the owner (or Vehicles 714, 715, 716 and 717 have different working hours respectively, and the vehicle owner (or vehicle) 714, 715, 716 and 717 can be recorded through the parking schedule 123 to have different allowable entry time and departure time, and the system will control the owner (or vehicle according to the parking schedule 123). ) 714, 715, 716 and 717 in and out.

再舉一例,車主(或車輛)719擁有停入車位705與706的資格,若車主719擁有多部車可停,系統同樣可以通過佔位記錄122記錄停車狀況,若此車主719記錄已經超過車位數量的停車記錄,即便車主719列為白名單內,系統仍不會允許車輛再進入。 As another example, the owner (or vehicle) 719 has the qualification to park in the parking spaces 705 and 706. If the owner 719 has multiple cars to stop, the system can also record the parking status through the occupancy record 122, if the owner 719 records have exceeded the parking space. The number of parking records, even if the owner 719 is listed as a white list, the system will not allow the vehicle to re-enter.

上述通過資料庫12的白名單121、佔位記錄122與停車時間表123的管理方式提供更彈性的停車場管理方案,車位擁有人可以通過管理主機進入系統設定白名單,包括有訪客臨停的狀況,可通過設定白名單121與停車時間表123,配合佔位記錄122進行管理。 The above-mentioned management method of the white list 121, the place record 122 and the parking schedule 123 of the database 12 provides a more flexible parking management plan, and the parking space owner can enter the system to set a white list through the management host, including the situation where the visitor stops. The management can be performed by setting the white list 121 and the parking schedule 123 in conjunction with the occupancy record 122.

以下圖8以流程圖描述揭露書提出的停車場管理系統中車輛進出管制的實施例步驟。 8 below is a flowchart depicting an embodiment of the vehicle access control in the parking lot management system proposed by the disclosure.

開始如步驟S801,當系統已經讀取到進入車輛管制場所的車輛或駕駛的識別資料,以此查詢資料庫,並如步驟S803,判斷車輛或車輛駕駛是否在白名單內?若車輛或駕駛並未列於白名單內(否),則如步驟S811,系統將拒絕該車輛進入。 Beginning in step S801, when the system has read the identification information of the vehicle or driving entering the vehicle control place, the database is inquired, and in step S803, it is determined whether the vehicle or the vehicle is driving in the white list. If the vehicle or driving is not listed in the white list (No), then in step S811, the system will reject the vehicle entry.

若車輛或駕駛列於白名單內(是),系統繼續執行步驟S805,經查詢資料庫中停車時間表,可判斷車輛(或駕駛)進入的時間是否為可停車時間?若非為可停車時間(否),即如步驟S811,系統將拒絕進入,並可適當顯示相關拒絕理由在顯示屏幕上。 If the vehicle or the driving is listed in the white list (Yes), the system proceeds to step S805. After checking the parking schedule in the database, it can be determined whether the time of entry of the vehicle (or driving) is the parking time. If it is not the parking time (No), as in step S811, the system will refuse entry and may display the relevant rejection reason on the display screen as appropriate.

若車輛或駕駛進入時間為可停車時間(是),系統繼續執行步驟S807,根據資料庫中佔位記錄判斷是否車位已滿?若車位已滿(是),如步驟S811,即便車輛或駕駛列於白名單以及為可進入時間,都會被系統拒絕進入,並可以顯示屏幕顯示理由。若車位未滿(否),如步驟S809,系統將放行車輛。 If the vehicle or driving entry time is the parking time (Yes), the system proceeds to step S807 to determine whether the parking space is full according to the occupancy record in the database. If the parking space is full (Yes), in step S811, even if the vehicle or the driving is listed on the white list and is available for entry, it will be rejected by the system and the reason for the screen display can be displayed. If the parking space is not full (No), in step S809, the system will release the vehicle.

然而,在多樣變化的停車場管理需求中,仍需要解決各種問題,例如管理系統需要根據判斷的車種提供訊息,適用於多車道且有車種分類的停車場,每個車道有各自對應的識別訊號讀取器,系統可以根據被啟動的識別訊號讀取器得到車道資訊,以及接著對應到讀取到的資料。 However, in the various changes in parking lot management requirements, various problems still need to be solved. For example, the management system needs to provide information according to the determined vehicle type, and is applicable to a multi-lane car type classified parking lot, and each lane has its own corresponding identification signal reading. The system can obtain lane information based on the activated identification signal reader, and then corresponding to the read data.

當系統識別出進入車輛,可以根據識別資料查詢資料庫,進而對照資料庫中對應識別資料所登記車輛的車種,系統判斷是否符合車道車種。若車輛不符合進入的車道種類限制,則應該拒絕該車輛進入,並以顯示屏幕提示訊息,要求改道或是離開。 When the system recognizes the entering vehicle, the database can be queried according to the identification data, and then the vehicle type of the vehicle registered with the corresponding identification data in the database is used to determine whether the vehicle conforms to the lane type. If the vehicle does not meet the restricted lane type restrictions, the vehicle should be rejected and a message prompting the route to request a diversion or departure.

停車場管理系統能於車輛進入時提供個人化訊息,也就是當車輛或其駕駛列於白名單內,系統可以接續查詢是否有個人訊息。若經判斷有對應車輛或是駕駛的個人訊息,系統可通過顯示屏幕顯示個人訊息。所述個人化訊息為針對識別出的車輛駕駛的 訊息,可以讓相關用戶通過管理主機設定提供某人的個人化訊息;亦可能為系統根據資料庫記載內容自動產生的個人化訊息,例如查詢資料庫後得知車主並未繳交停車管理費,則可以個人化方式提示。 The parking lot management system can provide personalized information when the vehicle enters, that is, when the vehicle or its driving is listed in the white list, the system can continue to check whether there is a personal message. If it is determined that there is a personal message corresponding to the vehicle or driving, the system can display a personal message through the display screen. The personalized message is for driving the identified vehicle The message allows the relevant user to provide a personalized message for the person through the management host setting. It may also be a personalized message automatically generated by the system based on the contents of the database. For example, after querying the database, the owner is not paid the parking management fee. You can then prompt in a personalized way.

值得一提的是,揭露書公開的停車場管理系統中設有資料庫,其中主要維護一白名單,但在特定實施例中,可加上黑名單,或一忽略名單。 It is worth mentioning that the parking lot management system disclosed in the disclosure has a database in which a white list is mainly maintained, but in a specific embodiment, a blacklist may be added, or a list may be ignored.

根據以上實施例,可知,停車場管理系統更適用於多種車主與車位的關係下,包括一車(人)多位、多車(人)多位等情況,而原則是,即便車輛或駕駛通過白名單查核,仍在有空位的情況下才會放行車輛。 According to the above embodiment, it can be seen that the parking lot management system is more suitable for the relationship between multiple owners and parking spaces, including multiple vehicles (persons), multiple vehicles (persons), etc., and the principle is that even if the vehicle or driving through white The list is checked and the vehicle will still be released if there is space available.

另在一實施例中,由於系統可以採用射頻技術執行停車場管理,但是射頻技術可能會因為讀取範圍過大產生判讀的問題,例如,若停車場包括兩個(或以上)進出入車道,若不同車道上的識別碼讀取器都讀取到相同識別訊號,可以通過其他感知器(如地面感知裝置)輔助判斷,以免錯誤。在另一實施例中,若停車場的進入車道與出去車道為鄰近車道,同樣地,不同車道的識別碼讀取器都可能讀到同一車輛或駕駛的識別訊號,此時,除了仍可以通過其他感知器輔助判斷,更可以根據讀取訊息的前後時間判斷何者為先,何者為後,根據停車場的設計仍可以判斷車輛的進出狀態。 In another embodiment, since the system can implement parking lot management using radio frequency technology, the radio frequency technology may cause the interpretation problem because the reading range is too large, for example, if the parking lot includes two (or more) access lanes, if different lanes The identification code readers on the above all read the same identification signal, and can be assisted by other sensors (such as ground sensing devices) to avoid errors. In another embodiment, if the entry lane and the exit lane of the parking lot are adjacent lanes, the identification code readers of different lanes may read the identification signal of the same vehicle or driving. In this case, other than The sensor assists the judgment, and can judge which is the first according to the time before and after reading the message, and which is the latter, according to the design of the parking lot, the entry and exit state of the vehicle can still be judged.

是以,透過本揭露書提出的停車場資料庫建立方法與停車場管理系統,實施例主要是提供快速建立停車場資料庫的方法,而且特別適用於已經具備舊有車主與車牌號碼基本資料的舊系統中,可以通過此方法轉換為適用無線識別技術的新系統。而以上揭露的管理系統與資料庫建立方法,在等效的情況下,亦可以適用於船舶進出港口、飛行器進入管制區等環境中。 Therefore, the parking lot database establishment method and the parking lot management system proposed by the present disclosure mainly provide a method for quickly establishing a parking lot database, and are particularly suitable for an old system that already has the basic information of the old owner and the license plate number. This method can be converted to a new system for wireless identification technology. The above-mentioned management system and database establishment method can also be applied to the environment where ships enter and leave ports and aircraft enter control areas under equivalent circumstances.

以上所述僅為本發明之較佳可行實施例,凡依本發明申請專 利範圍所做之均等變化與修飾,皆應屬本發明之涵蓋範圍。 The above description is only a preferred and feasible embodiment of the present invention. Equivalent changes and modifications made by the scope of the invention are intended to be within the scope of the invention.

Claims (7)

一種停車場資料庫建立方法,應用於一停車場,包括:啟動一車牌辨識子系統,識別進入該停車場的一車道的一車輛的車牌號碼;啟動一無線碼識別子系統,讀取該車輛的一識別碼;以及於一資料庫自動建立或更新該車輛車牌對應該車輛的識別碼的一筆資料;其中該資料庫已經記載一車主與該車主之一或多部車輛的車牌號碼,於識別該車輛的車牌號碼時,得到該車輛的識別碼,於該資料庫中加入對應該車輛的車牌號碼的該識別碼;其中,若該資料庫已經記載對應該車輛的車牌號碼的不同於當下讀取的該識別碼的另一識別碼,即透過一顯示屏幕提示該車輛的駕駛,詢問是否更新該筆資料,使該車輛的駕駛透過一使用者介面確認更新後自動更新該資料庫中對應該車輛的車牌號碼的識別碼;其中該資料庫更記載一停車時間表,提供一停車時間訊息,用以規範允許進入該車輛管制場所的各車輛或車輛車主可允許停車的時間表。 A parking garage database establishing method is applied to a parking lot, comprising: starting a license plate recognition subsystem, identifying a license plate number of a vehicle entering a lane of the parking lot; starting a wireless code recognition subsystem, and reading an identification code of the vehicle And automatically establishing or updating a vehicle license plate corresponding to the identification code of the vehicle in a database; wherein the database has recorded the license plate number of one or more vehicles of the owner and the vehicle, in identifying the license plate of the vehicle When the number is obtained, the identification code of the vehicle is obtained, and the identification code corresponding to the license plate number of the vehicle is added to the database; wherein if the database has recorded the identification of the license plate number corresponding to the vehicle different from the current reading Another identification code of the code, that is, prompting the driving of the vehicle through a display screen, asking whether to update the data, so that the driving of the vehicle automatically updates the license plate number of the corresponding vehicle in the database after confirming the update through a user interface. Identification code; wherein the database further records a parking schedule, providing a parking time message for Fan allowed to enter the vehicle owners of each vehicle or a vehicle control sites may allow parking schedule. 如請求項1所述的停車場資料庫建立方法,其中,係於偵測到該車輛進入該車道時,即觸發啟動該車牌辨識子系統,以一車牌照相機拍攝該車輛的車牌,並啟動該無線碼識別子系統,以一識別碼讀取器讀取該車輛的識別碼。 The method for establishing a parking lot database according to claim 1, wherein when the vehicle is detected to enter the lane, the license plate recognition subsystem is triggered to start, the license plate of the vehicle is photographed by a license plate camera, and the wireless device is started. The code recognition subsystem reads the identification code of the vehicle with an identification code reader. 如請求項2所述的停車場資料庫建立方法,其中該車輛的該識別碼為自該車輛上的一射頻識別標籤所讀取的射頻識別碼。 The parking garage database establishing method according to claim 2, wherein the identification code of the vehicle is a radio frequency identification code read from a radio frequency identification tag on the vehicle. 如請求項1至3其中之任一所述的停車場資料庫建立方法,其中,於辨識該車輛的車牌號碼時,即查詢該資料庫之一白名單,若該車輛並未列於該白名單,拒絕放行。 The method for establishing a parking lot database according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein, when identifying the license plate number of the vehicle, querying a white list of the database, if the vehicle is not listed in the white list , refused to let go. 如請求項4所述的停車場資料庫建立方法,其中,若該車輛並未列於該白名單,拒絕放行,並列於該資料庫的一黑名單或一忽略名單。 The parking lot database establishing method according to claim 4, wherein if the vehicle is not listed in the white list, the release is refused and listed in a blacklist or an ignore list of the database. 一種停車場管理系統,包括:一資料庫,記載多位車主與各車主之一或多部車輛的車牌號碼,並記載一白名單以及一佔位記錄;一車輛進出管制系統,設於一車輛管制場所,於偵測到進入一車道的一車輛時,查詢該資料庫所記載的該白名單以及該佔位記錄,判斷該車輛是否可進入該車輛管制場所;其中該車輛進出管制系統包括:一車牌辨識子系統,以一車牌照相機拍攝該車輛的車牌,並辨識該車輛的一車牌號碼;以及一無線碼識別子系統,以一識別碼讀取器讀取該車輛的一識別碼;其中,該車輛進出管制系統中運行一停車場資料庫建立方法,於該車輛進入該車道時,啟動該車牌辨識子系統,識別進入該停車場的該車輛的車牌號碼;啟動該無線碼識別子系統,讀取該車輛的該識別碼;以及於該資料庫自動建立或更新該車輛車牌對應該車輛的識別碼的記錄;其中,若該資料庫已經記載對應該車輛的車牌號碼的不同於當下讀取的該識別碼的另一識別碼,即透過一顯示屏幕提示該車輛的駕駛,詢問是否更新該筆資料,使該車輛的駕駛透過一使用者介面確認更新後自動更新該資料庫中對應該車輛的車牌號碼的識別碼;其中該資料庫更記載一停車時間表,提供一停車時間訊息,用以規範允許進入該車輛管制場所的各車輛或車輛車主可允許停車的時間表。 A parking lot management system includes: a database for recording license plate numbers of one or more vehicles of a plurality of vehicle owners and each vehicle owner, and recording a white list and a place record; a vehicle access control system, located in a vehicle control The location, when detecting a vehicle entering a lane, inquiring the white list recorded in the database and the occupancy record to determine whether the vehicle can enter the vehicle control location; wherein the vehicle access control system comprises: a license plate recognition subsystem that captures a license plate of the vehicle with a license plate camera and identifies a license plate number of the vehicle; and a wireless code recognition subsystem that reads an identification code of the vehicle with an identification code reader; wherein Running a parking garage database in the vehicle access control system, when the vehicle enters the lane, starting the license plate recognition subsystem, identifying the license plate number of the vehicle entering the parking lot; starting the wireless code recognition subsystem, reading the vehicle The identification code; and automatically establishing or updating the vehicle license plate corresponding to the identification code of the vehicle in the database Recording; if the database has recorded another identification code corresponding to the identification code of the current vehicle corresponding to the license plate number of the vehicle, that is, prompting the driving of the vehicle through a display screen, asking whether to update the data, After the driver of the vehicle confirms the update through a user interface, the identification code of the license plate number corresponding to the vehicle in the database is automatically updated; wherein the database further records a parking schedule and provides a parking time message for specification permission. The timetable for parking allowed for each vehicle or vehicle owner entering the vehicle control location. 如請求項6所述的停車場管理系統,其中更包括一管理主機, 連結該資料庫,連結該車輛進出管制系統,該管理主機包括:一查詢模組,根據該車輛進出管制系統提供該車輛或該車輛駕駛的識別訊息,查詢該資料庫;一顯示控制模組,根據查詢該資料庫的結果,產生顯示於該顯示屏幕的訊息;一警示模組,根據查詢該資料庫的結果,以及判斷該車輛或該車輛駕駛的狀態,產生一警示訊息;一通訊模組,用以與該車輛進出管制系統進行雙向通訊;以及一管理模組,用以提供一使用者介面,提供一管理者通過該管理主機設定該車輛進出管制系統。 The parking lot management system of claim 6, further comprising a management host, Linking the database to the vehicle access control system, the management host includes: an inquiry module, providing an identification message of the vehicle or the driving of the vehicle according to the vehicle access control system, querying the database; a display control module, Generating a message displayed on the display screen according to the result of querying the database; a warning module generates a warning message according to the result of querying the database and determining the state of driving of the vehicle or the vehicle; For communicating with the vehicle access control system for two-way communication; and a management module for providing a user interface, and providing an administrator to set the vehicle access control system through the management host.
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