TWM560674U - Management system of parking site - Google Patents

Management system of parking site Download PDF

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Publication number
TWM560674U
TWM560674U TW107200244U TW107200244U TWM560674U TW M560674 U TWM560674 U TW M560674U TW 107200244 U TW107200244 U TW 107200244U TW 107200244 U TW107200244 U TW 107200244U TW M560674 U TWM560674 U TW M560674U
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Taiwan
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vehicle
access control
database
parking lot
parking
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TW107200244U
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Chinese (zh)
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李振輝
李文宏
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宏頂科技股份有限公司
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Priority to TW107200244U priority Critical patent/TWM560674U/en
Publication of TWM560674U publication Critical patent/TWM560674U/en

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Abstract

The disclosure is related to a management system of a parking site. A vehicle access control system disposed at a site requiring controlling access for vehicles is provided. While a vehicle sensing unit detects a vehicle entering a lane, an identification signal reading unit is activated to read ID of the vehicle using a reader for identifying the vehicle. In the meantime, a license-plate recognition technology can also be used to assist identifying the vehicle. The system then utilizes a management host to query a whitelist, an occupation record of parking spaces, or a parking schedule in a database. A display screen disposed at a lane entrance is used to display a query result or more messages about the driver. The system performs access control based on the query results.

Description

停車場管理系統 Parking management system

揭露書公開一種停車管理系統,特別是指通過短距離無線通訊技術與顯示介面有效管理停車場進出車輛的停車場管理系統。 The disclosure discloses a parking management system, in particular, a parking lot management system that effectively manages parking lots in and out of a vehicle through short-range wireless communication technology and a display interface.

在現有設置於社區、學校、辦公大樓等需要管制車輛進出的場所的停車場管理技術中,若配置有管理員或保全員,會以核對身份的方式管制進出車輛,常見方式是登記車輛車牌號碼與對應的駕駛身份,經核對成功,即控制閘門開啟放行。另有方式是對各車輛或駕駛核發管制卡片,如採用射頻標籤(RFID)的卡片或特定裝置(如閘門遙控器),進入車輛需要掃描管制卡片或是讀取無線訊號以核對其中識別碼(ID),經電腦比對後為白名單(whitelist)後,即開啟閘門放行。 In the existing parking lot management technology installed in communities, schools, office buildings and other places where the control of vehicles is required to enter and exit, if an administrator or a security guard is deployed, the entry and exit of the vehicle will be controlled by means of checking the identity. The common method is to register the vehicle license plate number and The corresponding driving identity is checked successfully, that is, the control gate is opened and released. Another way is to issue control cards for each vehicle or driver, such as cards using radio frequency tags (RFID) or specific devices (such as gate remotes). When entering the vehicle, you need to scan the control card or read the wireless signal to check the identification code ( ID), after the computer is compared to the whitelist (whitelist), the gate is opened.

更有習知技術採用車輛車牌辨識系統,此類技術可為無人管理或是人員為輔助管理的方式,先建立車牌白名單,或是加上黑名單,當有車輛接近閘門,即開啟照相機拍攝車牌,辨識車牌字母與號碼後,比對白名單或黑名單,確認為白名單身份後即可放行。 More conventional techniques use a vehicle license plate recognition system. Such technology can be used for unmanned management or personnel-assisted management. First, a license plate white list is created, or a blacklist is added. When a vehicle approaches the gate, the camera is turned on. After the license plate is identified, the license plate letters and numbers are recognized, and the whitelist or blacklist is compared, and the whitelist identity is confirmed and released.

然而,習知技術仍存在著困擾。以保全員作為車輛進出管制的方式為例,容易產生人員疏失與臨時離開崗位的居家安全問題;若以使用遙控器作為管制車輛進出的方式為例,可能發生遙 控器遺失、被竊取,以及臨時停車佔用的問題;若以無人管理車輛進出的較為科技化的方式來說,可能有駕駛鑽漏洞而產生的問題,例如違規車輛尾隨白名單車輛穿過閘門。如此可知,現有停車場管理系統仍有許多管理上缺失與不夠完善之處。 However, conventional techniques still have problems. Taking the security guard as the way of vehicle access control, it is easy to cause personal problems caused by personnel loss and temporary departure. If the remote control is used as a way to control vehicle access, it may happen. The controller is lost, stolen, and temporarily occupied; in the more technical way of unmanned vehicles entering and exiting, there may be problems arising from driving drill holes, such as illegal vehicles following the whitelisted vehicles passing through the gate. As can be seen, the existing parking lot management system still has many management defects and lack of perfection.

揭露書公開一種停車場管理系統,停車場管理系統的實施例之一是應用一種短距離無線通訊技術識別進入管制場所的各式車輛,並使用一顯示屏幕,讓車輛駕駛可以通過顯示屏幕得到系統查詢資料庫的結果,通過此停車場管理系統能有效管理停車場進出車輛。 The disclosure discloses a parking lot management system. One of the embodiments of the parking lot management system is to apply a short-range wireless communication technology to identify various vehicles entering the control place, and use a display screen to enable the vehicle to drive through the display screen to obtain system query data. As a result of the library, the parking lot management system can effectively manage the parking lot in and out of the vehicle.

根據實施例之一,停車場管理系統主要電路系統為一車輛進出管制系統,設於車輛管制場所的停車場入口,於偵測到進入車道的一車輛時,查詢一資料庫所記載的白名單以及佔位記錄,根據查詢結果判斷車輛是否可進入車輛管制場所。 According to one embodiment, the main circuit system of the parking lot management system is a vehicle access control system, which is located at the entrance of the parking lot of the vehicle control place. When detecting a vehicle entering the lane, the white list and the account recorded in a database are inquired. The bit record determines whether the vehicle can enter the vehicle control place based on the result of the inquiry.

車輛進出管制系統中的電路元件主要包括一識別訊號讀取單元,連接識別碼讀取器,用以讀取車輛或車輛駕駛所持裝置的一識別訊號;一顯示單元,連接一顯示屏幕,用以顯示查詢資料庫的查詢結果;一車輛感知單元,可以連接一地面感知裝置,經感知車輛進入車道,即觸發識別碼讀取器運作以識別該車輛;以及一閘門控制單元,能根據車輛進出管制系統判斷車輛是否允許進入車輛管制場所的結果,以通過一驅動器控制一進出管制裝置管制車輛進出。 The circuit component in the vehicle access control system mainly comprises an identification signal reading unit, which is connected to the identification code reader for reading an identification signal of the device held by the vehicle or the vehicle; and a display unit connected to a display screen for Displaying a query result of the query database; a vehicle sensing unit may be connected to a ground sensing device, and the sensing vehicle enters the lane, that is, triggering the identification code reader to operate to identify the vehicle; and a gate control unit capable of controlling the vehicle according to the vehicle The system determines whether the vehicle is allowed to enter the vehicle control location to control the entry and exit of the vehicle through a drive to control vehicle access.

其中特別的是查詢結果產生的多種訊息包括查詢白名單的結果、查詢佔位記錄的結果、判斷是否進入錯誤車道的結果、車輛或車輛駕駛列於白名單但不允許放行的理由、個人化訊息、停車時間訊息以及警示訊息,顯示屏幕即根據查詢結果顯示多種訊息的其中之一或其任意組合。 In particular, the various messages generated by the query result include the results of querying the whitelist, the results of querying the placeholder records, the result of determining whether to enter the wrong lane, the reason why the vehicle or vehicle is listed on the whitelist but not allowed to be released, and the personalized message. , parking time message and warning message, the display screen displays one of the various messages or any combination thereof according to the query result.

在一實施例中,車輛進出管制系統更包括一車牌識別單元,其中連接車牌照相機,用以輔助識別碼讀取器讀取識別訊號。 In an embodiment, the vehicle access control system further includes a license plate recognition unit, wherein the license plate camera is connected to assist the identification code reader to read the identification signal.

當通過上述地面感知裝置感知車輛進入車道時,可以同時或不同時觸發識別碼讀取器或車牌照相機運作以識別車輛。 When the ground sensing device senses that the vehicle enters the lane, the identification code reader or the license plate camera may be activated at the same time or at different times to identify the vehicle.

在另一實施例中,停車場管理系統更包括一管理主機,設有所述的資料庫,管理主機以一通訊協定與車輛進出管制系統通訊,車輛進出管制系統包括執行通訊協定的通訊單元。當車輛進出管制系統偵測到車輛進入車道時,以此通訊協定連接管理主機,將識別訊號傳送給管理主機,使得管理主機根據識別訊號查詢資料庫,產生查詢結果,並產生顯示於顯示屏幕的訊息。 In another embodiment, the parking lot management system further includes a management host, and the database is provided. The management host communicates with the vehicle access control system by a communication protocol, and the vehicle access control system includes a communication unit that executes the communication protocol. When the vehicle access control system detects that the vehicle enters the lane, the communication host is connected to the management host by the communication protocol, and the identification signal is transmitted to the management host, so that the management host queries the database according to the identification signal, generates a query result, and generates a display on the display screen. message.

根據管理主機的一實施例,其中包括以軟體與硬體搭配實現的查詢模組,能根據車輛進出管制系統提供車輛或車輛駕駛的識別訊息,查詢資料庫;顯示控制模組能根據查詢資料庫的結果,產生顯示於顯示屏幕的訊息;警示模組能根據車輛或車輛駕駛的狀態產生警示訊息;通訊模組用以與車輛進出管制系統進行雙向通訊;以及一管理模組,能通過使用者介面提供管理者通過管理主機設定車輛進出管制系統。 According to an embodiment of the management host, the query module implemented by the combination of the software and the hardware can provide the identification information of the vehicle or the vehicle driving according to the vehicle access control system, and query the database; the display control module can be based on the query database. As a result, a message displayed on the display screen is generated; the warning module can generate a warning message according to the state of the vehicle or the driving of the vehicle; the communication module is used for two-way communication with the vehicle access control system; and a management module can pass the user The interface provides the administrator to set the vehicle access control system through the management host.

為了能更進一步瞭解本創作為達成既定目的所採取之技術、方法及功效,請參閱以下有關本創作之詳細說明、圖式,相信本創作之目的、特徵與特點,當可由此得以深入且具體之瞭解,然而所附圖式僅提供參考與說明用,並非用來對本創作加以限制者。 In order to further understand the techniques, methods and effects of this creation in order to achieve the intended purpose, please refer to the following detailed descriptions and diagrams of this creation. I believe that the purpose, characteristics and characteristics of this creation can be deepened and specific. It is understood that the drawings are only for the purpose of illustration and description and are not intended to limit the invention.

10‧‧‧管理主機 10‧‧‧Management host

12‧‧‧資料庫 12‧‧‧Database

15‧‧‧車輛進出管制系統 15‧‧‧Vehicle access control system

100‧‧‧車輛 100‧‧‧ Vehicles

16‧‧‧識別碼讀取器 16‧‧‧ID reader

17‧‧‧車牌照相機 17‧‧‧ License Plate Camera

13‧‧‧顯示屏幕 13‧‧‧ display screen

14‧‧‧進出控制器 14‧‧‧Incoming and outgoing controller

18‧‧‧進出管制裝置 18‧‧‧In and out control devices

19‧‧‧地面感知裝置 19‧‧‧Ground sensing device

101‧‧‧識別標籤 101‧‧‧ identification label

103‧‧‧查詢模組 103‧‧‧Query Module

104‧‧‧顯示控制模組 104‧‧‧Display Control Module

105‧‧‧警示模組 105‧‧‧Warning module

106‧‧‧通訊模組 106‧‧‧Communication module

107‧‧‧管理模組 107‧‧‧Management module

151‧‧‧控制單元 151‧‧‧Control unit

153‧‧‧顯示單元 153‧‧‧Display unit

152‧‧‧車輛感知單元 152‧‧‧Vehicle sensing unit

155‧‧‧識別訊號讀取單元 155‧‧‧identification signal reading unit

157‧‧‧車牌識別單元 157‧‧‧ License Plate Recognition Unit

159‧‧‧閘門控制單元 159‧‧‧gate control unit

158‧‧‧通訊單元 158‧‧‧Communication unit

121‧‧‧白名單 121‧‧‧White List

122‧‧‧佔位記錄 122‧‧‧Place Record

123‧‧‧停車時間表 123‧‧‧Parking schedule

401,402,403,404,405,406‧‧‧車位 401, 402, 403, 404, 405, 406‧‧ ‧ parking spaces

411,412,413,414,415,416,417,418,419‧‧‧車主 411,412,413,414,415,416,417,418,419‧‧‧Car owners

步驟S301~S315‧‧‧車輛進出管制流程之一 Step S301~S315‧‧‧One of the vehicle access control procedures

步驟S501~S511‧‧‧車輛進出管制流程之二 Step S501~S511‧‧‧ Vehicle Entry and Exit Control Process 2

步驟S601~S615‧‧‧車輛進出管制流程之三 Step S601~S615‧‧‧ Vehicle Entry and Exit Control Process III

步驟S701~S707‧‧‧車輛進出管制流程之四 Step S701~S707‧‧‧ Vehicle Entry Control Process IV

圖1顯示停車場管理系統的實施例示意圖;圖2顯示停車場管理系統的電腦系統架構示意圖;圖3顯示流程描述停車場管理系統中車輛進出管制方法實施例步驟之一; 圖4示意顯示停車場管理系統所維護的白名單情境示意圖;圖5顯示流程描述停車場管理系統中車輛進出管制方法實施例步驟之二;圖6顯示流程描述停車場管理系統中車輛進出管制方法實施例步驟之三;圖7顯示流程描述停車場管理系統中車輛進出管制方法實施例步驟之四。 1 shows a schematic diagram of an embodiment of a parking lot management system; FIG. 2 shows a schematic diagram of a computer system architecture of a parking lot management system; and FIG. 3 shows a flow chart describing one of the steps of an embodiment of a vehicle access control method in a parking lot management system; 4 is a schematic diagram showing a whitelist situation maintained by the parking lot management system; FIG. 5 is a second step of the embodiment of the vehicle entrance and exit control method in the parking lot management system; FIG. 6 is a flow chart showing the steps of the vehicle entrance and exit control method in the parking lot management system. Third, FIG. 7 shows a fourth step of the embodiment of the vehicle access control method in the parking lot management system.

揭露書公開一種停車場管理系統,以及系統所實現的車輛進出管制方法,其中實施例之一是在需要車輛管制的場所進出口附近應用了短距離無線通訊技術與顯示介面,藉此達到有效管理停車場進出車輛的目的。 The disclosure discloses a parking lot management system and a vehicle access control method implemented by the system, wherein one of the embodiments is to apply short-range wireless communication technology and a display interface in the vicinity of the entrance and exit of a place where vehicle control is required, thereby effectively managing the parking lot. The purpose of entering and leaving the vehicle.

圖1顯示停車場管理系統的實施例示意圖。 Figure 1 shows a schematic diagram of an embodiment of a parking lot management system.

示意圖顯示一個設於車輛管制場所的停車場進出口的車輛進出管制系統15,車輛進出管制系統15通過軟體與硬體的配合,通過識別碼讀取器16讀取進入車道的車輛100(或其駕駛所持的卡片)的識別訊號,實施例可以採用射頻標籤讀取器,而車輛100的識別訊號可以為讀取設置在車輛100上的識別標籤101產生。實施例亦可採用其他短距離無線通訊技術的讀取器與標籤。識別碼讀取器16或可讀取由駕駛手中的識別卡片與裝置上的識別標籤所產生的識別訊號。識別標籤101例如射頻識別標籤(RFID tag),當系統讀取到車輛100(或駕駛首上的識別卡片或裝置)的識別訊號,即查詢資料庫12所記載的一白名單以及一佔位記錄,判斷車輛100(或駕駛)是否可進入車輛管制場所。 The schematic diagram shows a vehicle access control system 15 provided at the entrance and exit of a parking lot at a vehicle control location. The vehicle access control system 15 reads the vehicle 100 entering the lane through the identification code reader 16 by cooperation of the software and the hardware (or its driving) The identification signal of the card held, the embodiment may employ a radio frequency tag reader, and the identification signal of the vehicle 100 may be generated by reading the identification tag 101 disposed on the vehicle 100. Embodiments may also use other short-range wireless communication technology readers and tags. The identification code reader 16 can either read the identification signal generated by the identification card in the driver's hand and the identification tag on the device. The identification tag 101, such as a radio frequency identification tag (RFID tag), when the system reads the identification signal of the vehicle 100 (or the identification card or device on the driving head), that is, a white list and a place record recorded in the query database 12. It is determined whether the vehicle 100 (or driving) can enter the vehicle control place.

根據實施例之一,除了車輛進出管制系統15可以為獨立運作的停車場管理系統以外,比對用的資料庫12可設於後台,與管理主機10連結,彼此可以特定通訊協定執行通訊,管理主機10連 結車輛進出管制系統15,功能是產生顯示於提供車輛100駕駛觀看的顯示屏幕13的訊息,並提供維護資料庫12的一使用者介面。在一實施例中,管理主機10與車輛進出管制系統15可以為分別的兩個裝置,亦可為整合於一的單一系統。 According to one of the embodiments, in addition to the vehicle access control system 15 being an independently operated parking lot management system, the comparison database 12 can be set in the background, connected to the management host 10, and can perform communication with each other in a specific communication protocol, and manage the host. 10 companies The vehicle entry and exit control system 15 functions to generate a message displayed on the display screen 13 that provides the vehicle 100 for driving and to provide a user interface for the maintenance database 12. In an embodiment, the management host 10 and the vehicle access control system 15 may be two separate devices, or may be a single system integrated in one.

當車輛進出管制系統15通過查詢資料庫12的方式判斷是否可允許車輛100進入時,查詢結果可以顯示於顯示屏幕13上,顯示屏幕13的實施方式可以設於進出口的任意可以被駕駛看到的位置,顯示屏幕13用以顯示查詢資料庫12的結果,查詢結果產生的多種訊息可以各種方式顯示在顯示屏幕13上,內容包括查詢白名單的結果,告知車輛100的駕駛該車輛100是否列於白名單內,另一實施例更可維護一個黑名單,作為警示的依據。 When the vehicle access control system 15 determines whether the vehicle 100 can be allowed to enter by querying the database 12, the query result may be displayed on the display screen 13. The implementation of the display screen 13 may be set at any of the import and export to be seen by driving. The location of the display screen 13 is used to display the results of the query database 12. The various messages generated by the query result can be displayed on the display screen 13 in various manners, including the result of querying the whitelist, and informing the vehicle 100 whether to drive the vehicle 100. In the white list, another embodiment can maintain a blacklist as a basis for warning.

顯示內容包括查詢佔位記錄的結果,當車輛進出管制系統15的記錄顯示某車輛100登記的車位已經被其他也是被允許的車輛佔用,同樣記載於資料庫12中,經查詢後,即便後來進入的車輛100列於白名單內,但其車位被佔用,將顯示於顯示屏幕13上告知無法進入的訊息。相關實施例將於圖4描述。 The display content includes the result of querying the placeholder record. When the record of the vehicle entry and exit control system 15 indicates that the parking space registered by the vehicle 100 has been occupied by other vehicles that are also permitted, it is also recorded in the database 12, after inquiry, even if it is later entered. The vehicle 100 is listed in the white list, but its parking space is occupied and will be displayed on the display screen 13 to inform the inaccessible message. A related embodiment will be described in FIG.

顯示內容包括判斷是否進入錯誤車道的結果,若車輛管制場所的停車場設有不同車種的車道,如小型車、大型車、機車等,分別設計有不同的進入車道,車輛進出管制系統15可以根據不同車道上被驅動讀取識別訊號的識別碼讀取器16提供的資訊,比對資料庫12中記載登記車輛100的車種,判斷是否有走錯車道的事件,這個查詢結果也將顯示在顯示屏幕13上,若為錯誤車輛,將告知離開。值得一提的是,系統在車種的判斷上,可以配合影像辨識技術來辨識車種。 The display content includes the result of judging whether or not the wrong lane is entered. If the parking lot of the vehicle control location is provided with lanes of different vehicle types, such as a small car, a large car, a locomotive, etc., different entry lanes are respectively designed, and the vehicle access control system 15 can be based on different lanes. The information provided by the identification code reader 16 driven to read the identification signal compares the vehicle type of the registered vehicle 100 in the database 12 to determine whether there is an event of a wrong lane, and the result of the inquiry will also be displayed on the display screen 13 On, if it is a wrong vehicle, it will tell you to leave. It is worth mentioning that the system can identify the vehicle type with the image recognition technology in the judgment of the vehicle type.

顯示內容包括即便車輛100已經列於白名單內但仍不允許放行的理由,理由可以是上述實施例中車輛100登記的車位被佔用,或是超過可以停車的時間限制,或是車輛100有不良記錄而被停權,或是車輛100車主有其他違規事項,都可在此動作中被提醒 或解決。 The display content includes the reason why the vehicle 100 is not allowed to be released even if the vehicle 100 is already listed in the white list. The reason may be that the parking space registered by the vehicle 100 in the above embodiment is occupied, or exceeds the time limit for parking, or the vehicle 100 is defective. If the record is suspended, or if the owner of the vehicle 100 has other violations, it can be reminded in this action. Or solve it.

若以社區停車場或公司大樓的停車場為例,顯示內容可以為一個人化訊息,這個個人化訊息包括關聯車輛100或其駕駛的訊息,也是經過查詢資料庫12得出,可能是通知駕駛的繳費(停車費用)訊息、違規事項、管理室中保管了駕駛的包裹、信件等通知訊息。 For example, in the community parking lot or the parking lot of the company building, the display content may be a personalized message. The personalized message includes the associated vehicle 100 or the driving information thereof, and is also obtained through the inquiry database 12, which may be a notification of the driving payment ( Parking fees) Messages, violations, and notifications such as packages, letters, etc. that are kept in the management room.

顯示內容可以是停車時間訊息,車輛進出管制系統15可以提供設定(如通過管理主機10)每台車輛100的停車時間限制,讓停車場車位更充分被利用。當車輛100進入車道,經讀取識別訊號後查詢資料庫12中的一停車時間表,系統通過停車時間表中記載的各車輛可以停車的時間訊息,以規範各車輛100允許進入車輛管制場所的時間。經查詢後,可以將是否逾時、停車剩餘時間等資訊顯示在顯示屏幕13上。 The display content may be a parking time message, and the vehicle access control system 15 may provide settings (e.g., by managing the host 10) the parking time limit of each vehicle 100 to allow the parking space to be fully utilized. When the vehicle 100 enters the lane, after reading the identification signal, a parking schedule in the database 12 is queried, and the system passes the time information that each vehicle can be parked in the parking schedule to regulate the permission of each vehicle 100 to enter the vehicle control location. time. After the inquiry, information such as timeout, remaining time of parking, and the like can be displayed on the display screen 13.

顯示內容可以是一警示訊息,當通過,或是查詢資料庫12後,可以得到車輛100或駕駛的相關狀態,例如當識別碼讀取器16讀取進入車道的車輛100的識別訊號時,若有讀取不到的問題,可能是識別標籤101掉落或損毀,或是被鎖住(鎖卡),或是車輛100列於黑名單,可以警示訊息顯示給車輛100駕駛或是現場人員參考。 The display content may be a warning message. When passed, or after querying the database 12, the relevant state of the vehicle 100 or driving may be obtained, for example, when the identification code reader 16 reads the identification signal of the vehicle 100 entering the lane, There is a problem that cannot be read. It may be that the identification tag 101 is dropped or damaged, or is locked (locked), or the vehicle 100 is blacklisted, and the warning message can be displayed to the vehicle 100 for driving or for reference by the field personnel. .

顯示屏幕13可根據查詢結果顯示以上描述的多種訊息的其中之一或其任意組合。 The display screen 13 can display one of the various messages described above or any combination thereof according to the result of the query.

在一實施例中,若車輛進出管制系統15無法通過識別碼讀取器16讀取到車輛100的識別訊號時,車輛進出管制系統15更可設置有一車牌照相機17,用以輔助識別碼讀取器16讀不到識別訊號的問題,通過拍攝車輛100的車牌以識別車輛100,可以根據車牌辨識結果查詢資料庫12。 In an embodiment, if the vehicle access control system 15 cannot read the identification signal of the vehicle 100 through the identification code reader 16, the vehicle access control system 15 may further be provided with a license plate camera 17 for assisting the identification code reading. The device 16 cannot read the problem of the identification signal. By photographing the license plate of the vehicle 100 to identify the vehicle 100, the database 12 can be queried based on the license plate recognition result.

根據實施例之一,當偵測到有進入車道的車輛100,其中感知車輛進入車道的偵測手段可以如圖示在車道上設有地面感知裝置 19,以感應線圈或是壓力感知器的方式判斷有車輛進入;但也不排除其他偵測方式,例如採用紅外線光線遮斷方式、影像偵測方式等。當判斷有車輛100進入車道,可以同時或不同時觸發上述實施例描述的識別碼讀取器16或是車牌照相機17,始執行識別車輛100、查詢資料庫12、顯示查詢結果等步驟。 According to one of the embodiments, when the vehicle 100 entering the lane is detected, the detecting means for sensing the vehicle entering the lane may be provided with a ground sensing device on the lane as illustrated. 19. The vehicle is determined by means of an induction coil or a pressure sensor; however, other detection methods, such as infrared light interception and image detection, are not excluded. When it is determined that the vehicle 100 enters the lane, the identification code reader 16 or the license plate camera 17 described in the above embodiment may be triggered simultaneously or not, and the steps of identifying the vehicle 100, querying the database 12, displaying the query result, and the like may be performed.

上述識別車輛100的各功能模組連接一進出控制器14,電性連結識別碼讀取器16、車牌照相機17與顯示屏幕13。當車輛進出管制系統15完成車輛識別與訊息顯示後,進出控制器14(包括驅動器)根據車輛進出管制系統15判斷車輛10是否進入車輛管制場所的結果通過驅動器(未示於此圖)控制進出管制裝置18,如柵欄或其他具有管制車輛100進入的措施,或可包括控制各種燈號、聲響、語音等的方式提示駕駛目前的狀態。若車輛100為允許進入該車輛管制場所,控制進出管制裝置18開啟;反之,即維持(關閉)進出管制裝置18在阻擋車輛100進入的狀態。 Each function module of the above-described identification vehicle 100 is connected to an access controller 14, electrically connecting the identification code reader 16, the license plate camera 17, and the display screen 13. After the vehicle access control system 15 completes the vehicle identification and message display, the entry and exit controller 14 (including the driver) controls the entry and exit control by the driver (not shown in the figure) based on the result of the vehicle entry and exit control system 15 determining whether the vehicle 10 enters the vehicle control location. The device 18, such as a fence or other measure that controls the entry of the vehicle 100, may include prompting the driving of the current state in a manner that controls various lights, sounds, voices, and the like. If the vehicle 100 is allowed to enter the vehicle control location, the control access control device 18 is turned on; otherwise, the access control device 18 is maintained (closed) in a state in which the vehicle 100 is blocked from entering.

圖2顯示停車場管理系統的電腦系統架構示意圖,停車場管理系統可包括設於管理後台的管理主機10以及設於停車場進出入口的車輛進出管制系統15。 2 shows a schematic diagram of a computer system architecture of a parking lot management system. The parking lot management system may include a management host 10 disposed in the management background and a vehicle access control system 15 installed at the entrance and exit of the parking lot.

設於停車場出入口的車輛進出管制系統15為硬體電路與軟體的組合,電路中設有控制單元151,用以控制車輛進出管制系統15中各電路單元的運作;設有車輛感知單元152,可以連接紅外線、地面感知裝置(感應線圈)、影像感知裝置等設備,以實現感知進入車輛的功能;設有顯示單元153,連接顯示屏幕,用以驅動前端顯示屏幕顯示內容,顯示內容一般可由管理主機10根據查詢資料庫12的結果提供;設有識別訊號讀取單元155,連接一識別碼讀取器,此如一種射頻標籤讀取器,設於可以讀取車輛上識別標籤的位置;系統除了提供一種識別訊號讀取的方案外,更可設有車牌識別單元157,可以作為輔助識別車輛的用途,在識別訊號讀取單元155失效,或是讀取不到識別訊號時,啟動車牌識別單 元157,驅動前台的車牌照相機執行車牌拍攝與辨識;設有閘門控制單元159,此為控制閘門啟閉的驅動電路;車輛進出管制系統15設有通訊單元158,執行特定通訊協定,可以為一網路通訊電路,目的之一是與管理主機10通訊。 The vehicle access control system 15 provided at the entrance and exit of the parking lot is a combination of a hardware circuit and a software. The circuit is provided with a control unit 151 for controlling the operation of each circuit unit in the vehicle access control system 15; and a vehicle sensing unit 152 is provided. Connecting an infrared ray, a ground sensing device (inductive coil), an image sensing device, and the like to realize a function of sensing the entering of the vehicle; and providing a display unit 153 connected to the display screen for driving the display content of the front end display screen, the display content generally being managed by the management host 10 is provided according to the result of the query database 12; an identification signal reading unit 155 is provided, and an identification code reader is connected, such as a radio frequency tag reader, which is located at a position where the identification tag on the vehicle can be read; In addition to the solution for recognizing the signal reading, a license plate recognition unit 157 may be further provided, which can be used as an auxiliary identification vehicle. When the identification signal reading unit 155 fails or the identification signal is not read, the license plate identification sheet is activated. Element 157, driving the license plate camera of the foreground to perform license plate photographing and identification; and providing a gate control unit 159, which is a drive circuit for controlling the opening and closing of the gate; the vehicle access control system 15 is provided with a communication unit 158 for executing a specific communication protocol, which may be one One of the purposes of the network communication circuit is to communicate with the management host 10.

管理主機10可為一電腦系統,由軟體與硬體組成,連結資料庫12以及車輛進出管制系統15,管理主機10用以產生顯示於在停車場進出口的顯示屏幕的訊息,並提供維護資料庫12的使用者介面,使用者介面例如一個網頁化的管理介面,提供管理員、用戶、公司單位等人員可以遠端維護其中的白名單,包括編輯資料庫。 The management host 10 can be a computer system composed of software and hardware, and is connected to the database 12 and the vehicle access control system 15. The management host 10 generates a message displayed on the display screen of the entrance and exit of the parking lot, and provides a maintenance database. The user interface of the user interface, such as a web-based management interface, provides administrators, users, company units, and the like to remotely maintain the whitelist, including editing the database.

根據其功能,管理主機10設有一查詢模組103,當車輛進出管制系統偵測到車輛進入車道時,車輛進出管制系統15以通訊協定連接管理主機10,將識別訊號傳送給管理主機10,使得管理主機10可以根據車輛進出管制系統15提供車輛的識別訊息查詢資料庫12,產生查詢結果;設有一顯示控制模組104,根據查詢資料庫12的結果,產生顯示於顯示屏幕的訊息,顯示訊息可以根據顯示屏幕的尺寸、解析度編排,以各樣的方式顯示給車輛駕駛查看;設有一警示模組105,根據查詢資料庫12的結果,以及判斷車輛(或駕駛)的狀態,在符合特定條件下可以產生警示訊息,警示訊息可以聲響、燈光、顯示內容等方式表示;設有一通訊模組106,用以與車輛進出管制系統15進行雙向通訊,並可包括提供網路連線,提供管理者、用戶來存取其中資訊、維護資料庫12,另可通過網際網路連線外部系統,如保全系統、報警系統等,達到安全性的目的。 According to its function, the management host 10 is provided with an inquiry module 103. When the vehicle access control system detects that the vehicle enters the lane, the vehicle access control system 15 connects the management host 10 with a communication protocol, and transmits the identification signal to the management host 10, so that The management host 10 can provide the vehicle identification information query database 12 according to the vehicle access control system 15 to generate the query result. The display control module 104 is configured to generate a message displayed on the display screen according to the result of the query database 12, and display the message. It can be arranged according to the size and resolution of the display screen, and displayed to the driving view of the vehicle in various ways; a warning module 105 is provided, according to the result of querying the database 12, and judging the state of the vehicle (or driving), in conformity with the specific A warning message may be generated under the condition that the warning message may be represented by sound, light, display content, etc.; a communication module 106 is provided for two-way communication with the vehicle access control system 15, and may include providing network connection and providing management , users to access the information, maintain the database 12, and through the Internet Line external systems such as security systems, alarm systems, etc., to achieve the purpose of security.

管理主機10設有一管理模組107,用以提供上述的使用者介面,如網頁介面,或是行動裝置上的管理介面等,提供管理者通過管理主機10設定車輛進出管制系統15的相關參數。在另一實施例中,可以通過通訊模組106連線一雲端系統,雲端系統可以 服務多個停車管制場所的停車場管理系統,雲端系統可讓伺服器端人員可以通過雲端系統設定各終端停車場管理系統。 The management host 10 is provided with a management module 107 for providing the above-mentioned user interface, such as a web interface, or a management interface on the mobile device, etc., and provides the administrator with the relevant parameters for setting the vehicle access control system 15 through the management host 10. In another embodiment, a cloud system can be connected through the communication module 106, and the cloud system can The parking lot management system serving multiple parking control places, the cloud system allows server personnel to set up each terminal parking management system through the cloud system.

圖3接著顯示停車場管理系統中車輛進出管制方法實施例的步驟流程圖。 Figure 3 is a flow chart showing the steps of the embodiment of the vehicle entrance and exit control method in the parking lot management system.

在系統運作時,如步驟S301,當感應到車輛進入車道時,若車道不只一個,可以根據感知車輛進入的感知器位置判斷車道,於是,如步驟S303,系統將啟動對應車道的車輛識別訊號讀取器,如步驟S305,以讀取識別訊號,這時,讀取的結果可以如步驟S315所示,顯示在顯示屏幕上,提供車輛駕駛讀取結果相關的訊息,包括可以放行或不能放行;實施例,可同時執行步驟S307,啟動車牌照相機拍攝車牌,以輔助拍攝車牌與辨識車牌的方式進行車輛識別與確認,同樣地,辨識結果可以顯示在顯示屏幕上(步驟S315)。接著,根據讀取到的車輛識別訊號或是車牌資訊,如步驟S309,以軟體手段查詢資料庫,主要是對照白名單,並可比對佔位記錄、停車時間表等,再如步驟S311,系統能夠判斷是否放行車輛? When the system is operating, as in step S301, when the vehicle is sensed to enter the lane, if there is more than one lane, the lane can be determined according to the position of the sensor that senses the vehicle entering. Then, in step S303, the system will start the vehicle identification signal of the corresponding lane. In step S305, the identifier is read, and the result of the reading may be displayed on the display screen as shown in step S315 to provide a message related to the driving result of the vehicle, including whether the signal can be released or not released; For example, step S307 may be simultaneously performed to start the license plate camera to capture the license plate, to assist in capturing the license plate and to recognize the license plate, and to perform vehicle identification and confirmation. Similarly, the recognition result may be displayed on the display screen (step S315). Then, according to the read vehicle identification signal or the license plate information, in step S309, the database is inquired by software means, mainly by comparing the white list, and the occupancy record, the parking schedule, etc. are compared, and the system is further as step S311. Can you tell if you are releasing the vehicle?

若車輛並非允許進入的車輛,如未列於白名單內,或是車位已有其他被允許進入的車輛佔位,系統通過顯示屏幕顯示不允許進入的相關訊息(步驟S315);反之,若車輛被允許進入,即如步驟S313,放行車輛,相關訊息亦可顯示在顯示屏幕上。 If the vehicle is not allowed to enter the vehicle, if it is not listed in the white list, or the vehicle has other vehicles that are allowed to enter, the system displays the related information that is not allowed to enter through the display screen (step S315); It is allowed to enter, that is, as in step S313, the vehicle is released, and related information can also be displayed on the display screen.

如上述實施例,以顯示屏幕顯示根據識別訊號或車牌而查詢資料庫的結果,查詢結果產生的多種訊息包括查詢白名單的結果、查詢佔位記錄的結果、判斷是否進入錯誤車道的結果、車輛或駕駛列於白名單但不允許放行的理由、個人化訊息、停車時間訊息以及警示訊息,顯示屏幕即根據管理主機的指令,將查詢結果顯示出來,可為上述多種訊息的其中之一或其任意組合。 In the above embodiment, the display screen displays the result of querying the database according to the identification signal or the license plate, and the plurality of messages generated by the query result include the result of querying the white list, the result of querying the place record, the result of determining whether to enter the wrong lane, and the vehicle. Or driving the reasons listed on the white list but not allowed to release, personalized messages, parking time messages, and warning messages. The display screen displays the results of the query according to the instructions of the management host, which can be one of the above various messages or random combination.

揭露書所提出的停車場管理系統與相關方法適用於一部車輛對應的一個車位、或一部車輛的車位可以登記給多人停車,或如 一家人有多人擁有車輛,但車位有限,少於車輛數目的各種情況下,系統更支援設定每部車可以停車的時間限制,都可通過白名單、佔位記錄與停車時間表等方式進行管理,提供更有彈性與有效率的停車場管理方案。圖4示意顯示停車場管理系統所維護的白名單情境示意圖。 The parking lot management system and related method proposed in the disclosure book are applicable to one parking space corresponding to one vehicle, or the parking space of one vehicle can be registered for parking for multiple people, or as There are many people in the family who own the vehicle, but the parking space is limited. In less than the number of vehicles, the system also supports setting the time limit for parking each car. It can be done through whitelists, occupancy records and parking schedules. Management, providing a more flexible and efficient parking management solution. Figure 4 is a schematic diagram showing the whitelist scenario maintained by the parking lot management system.

此例顯示系統提供一資料庫12,其中至少記載了提供用戶或管理員設定的白名單121,記錄可允許進入停車場的車輛;佔位記錄122即時記錄了每個車輛與車位的現狀;停車時間表123提供用戶設定每台車輛或是車主/駕駛可以進出的時間限制。如此,通過資料庫12可以管理如圖所列舉的幾種狀況,但系統實施例並不限制在此實施例上。 The example display system provides a database 12 in which at least a white list 121 provided by the user or administrator is provided to record the vehicles that are allowed to enter the parking lot; the occupancy record 122 records the current status of each vehicle and the parking space; Table 123 provides a time limit for the user to set each vehicle or owner/driver to enter and exit. As such, several conditions as exemplified in the figure can be managed by the database 12, but the system embodiment is not limited to this embodiment.

舉例來說,資料庫12以白名單121記錄了車主411,412,413,414,415,416,417,418與419。最單純的情況如車位404僅登記讓一車主(或車輛)418所停,此為專屬車輛。在另一情況是,以佔位記錄122記錄車位401與402可以讓車主(或車輛)411,412與413所停用,當車位401與402的數量少於登記的車輛數目,資料庫12將通過佔位記錄122管理,佔位記錄122隨時更新,當車位已經被停滿,即便有列於白名單121中的車輛進入,根據佔位記錄122,系統仍不允許該車輛進入。 For example, the repository 12 records the owners 411, 412, 413, 414, 415, 416, 417, 418 and 419 in a white list 121. In the simplest case, the parking space 404 is only registered to be stopped by a vehicle owner (or vehicle) 418, which is a dedicated vehicle. In another case, recording the parking spaces 401 and 402 in the occupancy record 122 may deactivate the vehicle owners (or vehicles) 411, 412 and 413. When the number of parking spaces 401 and 402 is less than the number of registered vehicles, the database 12 will pass through The bit record 122 is managed, and the place record 122 is updated at any time. When the parking space has been stopped, even if the vehicle listed in the white list 121 enters, according to the occupancy record 122, the system does not allow the vehicle to enter.

如圖所示,車位403登記可由多車主(或車輛)414,415,416與417所停,可以通過佔位記錄122記載現狀外,更可以停車時間表123管理各個車輛或駕駛的時間限制。舉例來說,若車位403被一個公司所有,其中公司成員有多位可停在車位403,但佔位記錄若已經記載有其中之一人停車,系統將拒絕其他人進入;或是,車主(或車輛)414,415,416與417分別有不同的上班時間,可以通過停車時間表123記錄車主(或車輛)414,415,416與417有不同允許進入的時間與離場時間,系統將根據停車時間表123管制車主(或車輛)414,415,416與417進出。 As shown, the parking space 403 registration can be stopped by the plurality of vehicle owners (or vehicles) 414, 415, 416 and 417. The occupancy record 122 can be used to record the current status, and the parking schedule 123 can be used to manage the time limit of each vehicle or driving. For example, if the parking space 403 is owned by a company, many of the company members can park in the parking space 403, but if one of the parking records has been recorded, the system will refuse to enter other people; or, the owner (or Vehicles 414, 415, 416 and 417 have different working hours respectively, and the vehicle owner (or vehicle) 414, 415, 416 and 417 can be recorded through the parking schedule 123 to have different allowable entry and departure times, and the system will control the owner (or vehicle according to the parking schedule 123). ) 414, 415, 416 and 417 in and out.

再舉一例,車主(或車輛)419擁有停入車位405與406的資格,若車主419擁有多部車可停,系統同樣可以通過佔位記錄122記錄停車狀況,若此車主419記錄已經超過車位數量的停車記錄,即便車主419列為白名單內,系統仍不會允許車輛再進入。 As another example, the owner (or vehicle) 419 has the qualification to park in the parking spaces 405 and 406. If the owner 419 has multiple cars to stop, the system can also record the parking status through the occupancy record 122, if the owner 419 record has exceeded the parking space. The number of parking records, even if the owner 419 is listed as a white list, the system will not allow the vehicle to re-enter.

上述通過資料庫12的白名單121、佔位記錄122與停車時間表123的管理方式提供更彈性的停車場管理方案,車位擁有人可以通過管理主機進入系統設定白名單,包括有訪客臨停的狀況,可通過設定白名單121與停車時間表123,配合佔位記錄122進行管理。 The above-mentioned management method of the white list 121, the place record 122 and the parking schedule 123 of the database 12 provides a more flexible parking management plan, and the parking space owner can enter the system to set a white list through the management host, including the situation where the visitor stops. The management can be performed by setting the white list 121 and the parking schedule 123 in conjunction with the occupancy record 122.

以下圖5、圖6與圖7分別以流程圖描述揭露書提出的停車場管理系統中車輛進出管制方法的幾個實施例步驟。 FIG. 5, FIG. 6, and FIG. 7 respectively illustrate steps of several embodiments of the vehicle entry and exit control method in the parking lot management system proposed by the disclosure.

根據圖5所示流程,開始如步驟S501,當系統已經讀取到進入車輛管制場所的車輛或駕駛的識別資料,以此查詢資料庫,並如步驟S503,判斷車輛或車輛駕駛是否在白名單內?若車輛或駕駛並未列於白名單內(否),則如步驟S511,系統將拒絕該車輛進入。 According to the flow shown in FIG. 5, starting with step S501, when the system has read the identification information of the vehicle or driving entering the vehicle control place, the database is queried, and according to step S503, it is determined whether the vehicle or the vehicle is driving in the white list. Inside? If the vehicle or driving is not listed in the white list (No), then in step S511, the system will reject the vehicle entry.

若車輛或駕駛列於白名單內(是),系統繼續執行步驟S505,經查詢資料庫中停車時間表,可判斷車輛(或駕駛)進入的時間是否為可停車時間?若非為可停車時間(否),即如步驟S511,系統將拒絕進入,並可適當顯示相關拒絕理由在顯示屏幕上。 If the vehicle or the driving is listed in the white list (Yes), the system proceeds to step S505, and by checking the parking schedule in the database, can it be determined whether the time of entry of the vehicle (or driving) is the parking time? If it is not the parking time (No), as in step S511, the system will refuse entry and may display the relevant rejection reason on the display screen as appropriate.

若車輛或駕駛進入時間為可停車時間(是),系統繼續執行步驟S507,根據資料庫中佔位記錄判斷是否車位已滿?若車位已滿(是),如步驟S511,即便車輛或駕駛列於白名單以及為可進入時間,都會被系統拒絕進入,並可以顯示屏幕顯示理由。若車位未滿(否),如步驟S509,系統將放行車輛。 If the vehicle or driving entry time is the parking time (Yes), the system proceeds to step S507 to determine whether the parking space is full according to the occupancy record in the database. If the parking space is full (Yes), in step S511, even if the vehicle or the driving is listed on the white list and is accessible, the system will be rejected by the system and the reason for the screen display may be displayed. If the parking space is not full (No), in step S509, the system will release the vehicle.

在圖6所示流程中,車輛進出管制方法實施例可以根據判斷的車種提供訊息,此實施例適用於多車道且有車種分類的停車場,每個車道有各自對應的識別訊號讀取器,系統可以根據被啟 動的識別訊號讀取器得到車道資訊,以及接著對應到讀取到的資料。 In the flow shown in FIG. 6, the vehicle access control method embodiment can provide a message according to the determined vehicle type. This embodiment is applicable to a multi-lane and car type classified parking lot, and each lane has its own corresponding identification signal reader, and the system Can be opened according to The moving identification signal reader gets the lane information and then corresponds to the read data.

在步驟S601中,系統感應到車輛進入車道,接著如步驟S603,系統啟動車輛識別訊號讀取器,如步驟S605,以讀取車輛上或駕駛所持裝置的識別訊號,並如步驟S607,根據識別資料查詢資料庫,進而對照資料庫中對應識別資料所登記車輛的車種,如步驟S609,系統判斷出車種,而接著判斷是否符合車道車種?(步驟S611)。 In step S601, the system senses that the vehicle enters the lane, and then, in step S603, the system activates the vehicle identification signal reader, as in step S605, to read the identification signal of the device on or in the vehicle, and according to step S607, according to the identification The data query database, and then the vehicle type of the vehicle registered corresponding to the identification data in the database, in step S609, the system determines the vehicle type, and then determines whether it conforms to the lane type. (Step S611).

若車輛不符合進入的車道種類限制(否),則執行步驟S615,系統拒絕該車輛進入,並以顯示屏幕提示訊息,要求改道或是離開。若車輛符合進入該車道的車種(是),系統才如繼續查詢白名單、佔位記錄與停車時間表的後續步驟(步驟S613)。 If the vehicle does not meet the entered lane type restriction (No), then step S615 is performed, the system rejects the vehicle entry, and displays a message prompting to divert or leave. If the vehicle complies with the type of vehicle entering the lane (Yes), the system continues to query the white list, the occupancy record, and the subsequent steps of the parking schedule (step S613).

圖7顯示停車場管理系統在車輛進出管制時提供個人化訊息的流程實施例。 Figure 7 shows an embodiment of a process for a parking lot management system to provide personalized messages during vehicle access control.

流程從步驟S701開始,經感知車輛進入閘門附近時,系統完成識別車輛或駕駛的步驟,即根據識別資料查詢資料庫白名單。若車輛或駕駛列於白名單內,即表示系統已經識別出該車輛或駕駛,因此可以接續查詢是否有個人訊息?(步驟S703)。 The process starts from step S701. When the vehicle is detected to enter the vicinity of the gate, the system completes the step of identifying the vehicle or driving, that is, querying the database white list according to the identification data. If the vehicle or driving is listed in the white list, it means that the vehicle has already identified the vehicle or driving, so it is possible to continue to check whether there is a personal message? (Step S703).

若沒有個人訊息(否),即執行步驟S705,系統因為車輛或駕駛符合白名單,或是在上述實施例所描述,通過佔位記錄與停車時間表的查核,即放行車輛。 If there is no personal message (No), step S705 is performed, and the system passes the check of the occupancy record and the parking schedule because the vehicle or the driving is in accordance with the white list, or is described in the above embodiment, that is, the vehicle is released.

若經判斷有個人訊息(是),如步驟S707,系統通過顯示屏幕顯示個人訊息,並接著放行車輛(步驟S705)。 If it is determined that there is a personal message (Yes), in step S707, the system displays the personal message through the display screen, and then releases the vehicle (step S705).

此例所述個人訊息為針對識別出的車輛駕駛的訊息,可以讓相關用戶通過管理主機設定提供某人的個人化訊息;亦可能為系統根據資料庫記載內容自動產生的個人化訊息,例如查詢資料庫後得知車主並未繳交停車管理費,則可以個人化方式提示。 The personal message in this example is a message for the identified vehicle driving, which may enable the relevant user to provide a personalized message of the person through the management host setting; or may be a personalized message automatically generated by the system according to the contents of the database, such as a query. After the database knows that the owner has not paid the parking management fee, it can be prompted in a personalized way.

值得一提的是,揭露書公開的停車場管理系統中設有資料 庫,其中主要維護一白名單,但在特定實施例中,可加上黑名單,或一忽略名單。 It is worth mentioning that there is information in the parking lot management system disclosed in the disclosure. A library in which a whitelist is primarily maintained, but in certain embodiments, a blacklist may be added, or a list may be ignored.

根據以上實施例,可知,停車場管理系統更適用於多種車主與車位的關係下,包括一車(人)多位、多車(人)多位等情況,而原則是,即便車輛或駕駛通過白名單查核,仍在有空位的情況下才會放行車輛。 According to the above embodiment, it can be seen that the parking lot management system is more suitable for the relationship between multiple owners and parking spaces, including multiple vehicles (persons), multiple vehicles (persons), etc., and the principle is that even if the vehicle or driving through white The list is checked and the vehicle will still be released if there is space available.

另在一實施例中,由於系統可以採用射頻技術執行停車場管理,但是射頻技術可能會因為讀取範圍過大產生判讀的問題,例如,若停車場包括兩個(或以上)進出入車道,若不同車道上的識別碼讀取器都讀取到相同識別訊號,可以通過其他感知器(如地面感知裝置)輔助判斷,以免錯誤。在另一實施例中,若停車場的進入車道與出去車道為鄰近車道,同樣地,不同車道的識別碼讀取器都可能讀到同一車輛或駕駛的識別訊號,此時,除了仍可以通過其他感知器輔助判斷,更可以根據讀取訊息的前後時間判斷何者為先,何者為後,根據停車場的設計仍可以判斷車輛的進出狀態。 In another embodiment, since the system can implement parking lot management using radio frequency technology, the radio frequency technology may cause the interpretation problem because the reading range is too large, for example, if the parking lot includes two (or more) access lanes, if different lanes The identification code readers on the above all read the same identification signal, and can be assisted by other sensors (such as ground sensing devices) to avoid errors. In another embodiment, if the entry lane and the exit lane of the parking lot are adjacent lanes, the identification code readers of different lanes may read the identification signal of the same vehicle or driving. In this case, other than The sensor assists the judgment, and can judge which is the first according to the time before and after reading the message, and which is the latter, according to the design of the parking lot, the entry and exit state of the vehicle can still be judged.

舉例來說,在此車輛相鄰的實施態樣中,停車場的進入閘道設有第一射頻標籤讀取器,而出車閘道設有第二射頻標籤讀取器,此第一與第二射頻標籤讀取器設置位置(如距離)為依照停車場車道設計。因此,此停車場管理系統將適應個別停車場的車道設計,將根據第一、第二射頻標籤讀取器的設置位置決定讀取到射頻標籤的一時間門檻。 For example, in an embodiment in which the vehicle is adjacent, the entry barrier of the parking lot is provided with a first radio frequency tag reader, and the exit chute is provided with a second radio frequency tag reader, the first and the first The position of the RFID tag reader (such as the distance) is designed according to the parking lane. Therefore, the parking lot management system will adapt to the lane design of the individual parking lot, and a time threshold for reading the radio frequency tag will be determined according to the set position of the first and second radio frequency tag readers.

若第一射頻標籤讀取器先讀到射頻標籤,第二射頻標籤讀取器在上述時間門檻內亦讀到相同射頻標籤,此時,系統將忽略第二射頻標籤讀取器讀到的資訊。反之亦然。反之,若第一射頻標籤讀取器先讀到射頻標籤,在超過所述時間門檻後才讓第二射頻標籤讀取器讀到第二次,這時將會視為車輛進入又出去的事件。 If the first RF tag reader first reads the RF tag, the second RF tag reader also reads the same RF tag in the time threshold. At this time, the system ignores the information read by the second RF tag reader. . vice versa. Conversely, if the first RF tag reader first reads the RF tag, the second RF tag reader is read a second time after the time threshold is exceeded, and this will be regarded as an event in which the vehicle enters and exits.

另有情況是,若車輛在停車場內,停車場管理系統已經在資 料庫中的佔位記錄中更新在停車場內的資訊,但是,一旦系統在外出時故障,可能並未更新到外出的訊息,若該車輛再次進入停車場,可能會發生錯誤的問題,但此停車場管理系統仍可以處理,例如,當系統在一個時間間隔內重複讀取相同識別訊號時,系統就忽略重複讀取的記錄,可避免錯誤。 In other cases, if the vehicle is in the parking lot, the parking management system is already in use. The information in the parking lot is updated in the placeholder record in the library. However, once the system fails when going out, it may not be updated to the outgoing message. If the vehicle enters the parking lot again, an error may occur, but this parking lot may occur. The management system can still handle the processing. For example, when the system repeatedly reads the same identification signal within a time interval, the system ignores the duplicated records and avoids errors.

是以,透過本揭露書提出的停車場管理系統與停車管制方法,實施例採用短距離無線通訊技術達到車輛識別與查詢資料庫的目的,通過資料庫中維護的白名單、佔位記錄與停車時間表管理車輛進出。而以上揭露的管理系統與進出管制方法,在等效的情況下,亦可以適用於船舶進出港口、飛行器進入管制區等環境中。 Therefore, through the parking lot management system and the parking control method proposed by the present disclosure, the embodiment uses short-range wireless communication technology to achieve the purpose of vehicle identification and query database, and maintains white list, place record and parking time in the database. The table manages vehicles in and out. The management system and the entry and exit control method disclosed above can also be applied to the environment where ships enter and leave ports and aircraft enter the control area under equivalent circumstances.

以上所述僅為本創作之較佳可行實施例,凡依本創作申請專利範圍所做之均等變化與修飾,皆應屬本創作之涵蓋範圍。 The above descriptions are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, and all changes and modifications made in accordance with the scope of the patent application of this creation should be covered by this creation.

Claims (10)

一種停車場管理系統,包括:一車輛進出管制系統,設於一車輛管制場所,於偵測到進入一車道的一車輛時,查詢一資料庫所記載的一白名單以及一佔位記錄,判斷該車輛是否可進入該車輛管制場所;其中該車輛進出管制系統包括:一識別訊號讀取單元,連接一識別碼讀取器,用以讀取該車輛或該車輛駕駛所持裝置的一識別訊號;一顯示單元,連接一顯示屏幕,用以顯示查詢該資料庫的一查詢結果,該查詢結果產生的多種訊息包括查詢該白名單的結果、查詢該佔位記錄的結果、判斷是否進入錯誤車道的結果、該車輛或該車輛駕駛列於該白名單但不允許放行的理由、一個人化訊息、一停車時間訊息以及一警示訊息,該顯示屏幕即根據該查詢結果顯示該多種訊息的其中之一或其任意組合;一車輛感知單元,經感知該車輛進入該車道,即觸發該識別碼讀取器運作以識別該車輛;以及一閘門控制單元,根據該車輛進出管制系統判斷該車輛是否允許進入該車輛管制場所的結果,通過一驅動器控制一進出管制裝置。 A parking lot management system includes: a vehicle access control system, located in a vehicle control place, when detecting a vehicle entering a lane, querying a white list and a place record recorded in a database, determining the Whether the vehicle can enter the vehicle control location; wherein the vehicle access control system comprises: an identification signal reading unit connected to an identification code reader for reading an identification signal of the vehicle or the device being driven by the vehicle; The display unit is connected to a display screen for displaying a query result of querying the database. The plurality of messages generated by the query result include querying the result of the white list, querying the result of the placeholder record, and determining whether to enter the wrong lane. The vehicle or the vehicle driving the reason listed on the white list but not allowed to be released, a personalized message, a parking time message and a warning message, the display screen displaying one of the plurality of messages according to the query result or Any combination; a vehicle sensing unit that triggers the identification code reading after sensing that the vehicle enters the lane It is operative to identify the vehicle; and a gate control unit, access control systems based on the vehicle determines whether to allow the vehicle to enter the vehicle control results place by a driver traveling through the control means a control. 如請求項1所述的停車場管理系統,其中該車輛進出管制系統更包括一車牌識別單元,連接一車牌照相機,用以輔助該識別碼讀取器讀取該識別訊號。 The parking lot management system of claim 1, wherein the vehicle access control system further comprises a license plate recognition unit coupled to a license plate camera for assisting the identification code reader in reading the identification signal. 如請求項2所述的停車場管理系統,其中該車輛感知單元包括一地面感知裝置,當以該地面感知裝置感知該車輛進入該車道時,可以同時或不同時觸發該識別碼讀取器或該車牌照相機運作以識別該車輛。 The parking lot management system of claim 2, wherein the vehicle sensing unit comprises a ground sensing device, and when the ground sensing device senses that the vehicle enters the lane, the identification code reader or the same may be triggered simultaneously or not The license plate camera operates to identify the vehicle. 如請求項1所述的停車場管理系統,其中該識別碼讀取器為一 射頻標籤讀取器,用以讀取設置於該車輛上的一識別標籤,或該車輛駕駛所持的識別卡片或裝置。 The parking lot management system according to claim 1, wherein the identification code reader is A radio frequency tag reader for reading an identification tag disposed on the vehicle or an identification card or device held by the vehicle. 如請求項1所述的停車場管理系統,其中,更包括一管理主機,設有該資料庫,該管理主機以一通訊協定與該車輛進出管制系統通訊,該車輛進出管制系統包括執行該通訊協定的一通訊單元。 The parking lot management system according to claim 1, further comprising a management host, wherein the management host communicates with the vehicle access control system by a communication protocol, and the vehicle access control system includes executing the communication protocol. a communication unit. 如請求項5所述的停車場管理系統,其中,當該車輛進出管制系統偵測到該車輛進入該車道時,以該通訊協定連接該管理主機,將該識別訊號傳送給該管理主機,使得該管理主機根據該識別訊號查詢該資料庫,產生該查詢結果,並產生顯示於該顯示屏幕的訊息。 The parking lot management system of claim 5, wherein when the vehicle access control system detects that the vehicle enters the lane, the management host is connected by the communication protocol, and the identification signal is transmitted to the management host, so that the The management host queries the database according to the identification signal, generates the query result, and generates a message displayed on the display screen. 如請求項6所述的停車場管理系統,其中該管理主機提供維護該資料庫的一使用者介面。 The parking lot management system of claim 6, wherein the management host provides a user interface for maintaining the database. 如請求項1至7其中之一所述的停車場管理系統,其中該管理主機包括:一查詢模組,根據該車輛進出管制系統提供該車輛或該車輛駕駛的識別訊息,查詢該資料庫;一顯示控制模組,根據查詢該資料庫的結果,產生顯示於該顯示屏幕的訊息;一警示模組,根據查詢該資料庫的結果,以及判斷該車輛或該車輛駕駛的狀態,產生該警示訊息;一通訊模組,用以與該車輛進出管制系統進行雙向通訊;以及一管理模組,用以提供該使用者介面,提供一管理者通過該管理主機設定該車輛進出管制系統。 The parking lot management system of any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the management host comprises: an inquiry module, the identification information of the vehicle or the driving of the vehicle is provided according to the vehicle access control system, and the database is queried; Displaying a control module to generate a message displayed on the display screen according to the result of querying the database; a warning module generating the warning message according to the result of querying the database and determining the state of the vehicle or the driving of the vehicle a communication module for performing two-way communication with the vehicle access control system; and a management module for providing the user interface, and providing an administrator to set the vehicle access control system through the management host. 如請求項8所述的停車場管理系統,其中該管理主機與該車輛進出管制系統為整合於一的單一系統。 The parking lot management system of claim 8, wherein the management host and the vehicle access control system are a single system integrated into one. 如請求項8所述的停車場管理系統,其中該資料庫記載一停車 時間表,提供該停車時間訊息,用以規範允許進入該車輛管制場所的各車輛或車輛駕駛可允許停車的時間表;顯示屏幕所顯示關聯該車輛的該個人化訊息為查詢該資料庫後得到關聯該車輛或該駕駛的訊息。 The parking lot management system according to claim 8, wherein the database records a parking a schedule for providing a parking time message for each vehicle or vehicle that is allowed to enter the vehicle control location; the personalized message associated with the vehicle displayed on the display screen is obtained by querying the database Associate the vehicle or the driving message.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105717997A (en) * 2014-12-18 2016-06-29 广达电脑股份有限公司 Systems and methods for mounting and dismounting computing components

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105717997A (en) * 2014-12-18 2016-06-29 广达电脑股份有限公司 Systems and methods for mounting and dismounting computing components

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