TWI439648B - Bathroom dryer - Google Patents

Bathroom dryer Download PDF

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Publication number
TWI439648B
TWI439648B TW100128647A TW100128647A TWI439648B TW I439648 B TWI439648 B TW I439648B TW 100128647 A TW100128647 A TW 100128647A TW 100128647 A TW100128647 A TW 100128647A TW I439648 B TWI439648 B TW I439648B
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Taiwan
Prior art keywords
air
circulation
bathroom
ventilation
air passage
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TW100128647A
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Chinese (zh)
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TW201239288A (en
Inventor
Toshiaki Hayashi
Osamu Miyazaki
Ichiro Motoki
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Mitsubishi Electric Corp
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Priority to PCT/JP2011/057045 priority Critical patent/WO2012127663A1/en
Application filed by Mitsubishi Electric Corp filed Critical Mitsubishi Electric Corp
Publication of TW201239288A publication Critical patent/TW201239288A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of TWI439648B publication Critical patent/TWI439648B/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F7/00Ventilation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F7/00Ventilation
    • F24F2007/001Ventilation with exhausting air ducts
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2221/00Details or features not otherwise provided for
    • F24F2221/14Details or features not otherwise provided for mounted on the ceiling
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2221/00Details or features not otherwise provided for
    • F24F2221/34Heater, e.g. gas burner, electric air heater

Description

浴室乾燥機Bathroom dryer
本發明係有關於設置於浴室的天花板,並對浴室進行換氣、乾燥及暖房的浴室乾燥機。The present invention relates to a bathroom dryer that is installed in a ceiling of a bathroom and that ventilates, dries, and warms the bathroom.
以往,關於對浴室之空氣進行換氣、乾燥及暖房的浴室乾燥機,進行很多提案。浴室乾燥機設置於浴室的天花板或側壁上部,其浴室側係為了提高創意性及安全性而以面板覆蓋。在面板與浴室乾燥機本體之間的間隙,浴室的濕氣易滯留,並易發霉。因此,關於抑制面板裡的霉,亦進行各種提案。又,作為空氣吹出口之周邊的霉對策,雖然需要改善周邊空氣的循環,但是關於這種空氣吹出口之空氣循環的改善,亦提議幾種。In the past, there have been many proposals for bathroom dryers that ventilate, dry, and warm the air in the bathroom. The bathroom dryer is placed on the ceiling or side wall of the bathroom, and the bathroom side is covered by a panel for creativity and safety. In the gap between the panel and the bathroom dryer body, the moisture of the bathroom is easy to stay and is prone to mildew. Therefore, various proposals have been made regarding suppression of mildew in the panel. Further, as a countermeasure against mildew around the air outlet, it is necessary to improve the circulation of the surrounding air, but several improvements have been made regarding the improvement of the air circulation of the air outlet.
多室用之浴室乾燥機具有對浴室進行換氣、乾燥及暖房之功能、與對別室進行換氣的功能之2種功能,在使各個功能獨立地動作的情況,需要至少2條風路。因此,多室用之浴室乾燥機比僅浴室之一室用的浴室乾燥機大型,而設置施工性、維修性差。關於多室用之浴室乾燥機,亦為了改善設置施工性、維修性,進行各種提議。The multi-chamber bathroom dryer has two functions of ventilating, drying, and warming the bathroom, and functions of ventilating the other chamber. When each function is operated independently, at least two air passages are required. Therefore, the bathroom dryer for a multi-room is larger than the bathroom dryer for one of the bathrooms, and the installation workability and the maintainability are poor. Regarding the bathroom dryer for multi-room use, various proposals have been made to improve the workability and maintainability.
例如,在專利文獻1所提議的浴室用換氣暖房機係作成具有位於與本體開口相向之位置的下面,並在以從該下面側比下面外周框更內側向天花板突出並塞住該下面與天花板面之間的方式形成四角框形的百葉窗框設置吸入口,自該吸入口吸入浴室內空氣。藉由設置該吸入口,作成空氣不會滯留於在百葉窗框與天花板之間所形成的空間,而且利用氣流使百葉窗框的內部空間變成乾燥,而可抑制發霉。又,藉由從百葉窗框的吸入口吸入空氣,而向浴室中央部所吹出之空氣成為碰到地面後沿著浴室壁面上昇,再沿著天花板流動,被吸入口所吸入之循環流,而改善浴室空氣的循環。For example, the ventilating room heater for a bathroom proposed in Patent Document 1 is formed to have a lower surface located at a position facing the opening of the body, and protrudes from the lower side to the outer side of the outer peripheral frame and plugs the lower surface. The manner between the ceiling surfaces forms a square frame-shaped louver frame provided with a suction port from which air is taken in the bathroom. By providing the suction port, the air is prevented from staying in the space formed between the louver frame and the ceiling, and the internal space of the louver frame is dried by the air flow, thereby suppressing mold. In addition, when the air is taken in from the suction port of the louver frame, the air blown to the center of the bathroom becomes a circulation flow that rises along the wall surface of the bathroom after hitting the floor and then flows along the ceiling and is sucked by the suction port. The circulation of the bathroom air.
又,在專利文獻2所提議的三溫暖裝置係利用控制裝置使開始運轉時之風扇的風量增加,提高浴室空氣的循環性,使溫度分布均勻化,進行高效率的加濕,而且抑制結露水對吹出口的附著。進而,在設置百葉窗之吹出口的風路側面,設置開口,利用誘導流使風量增加。利用誘導流,吸入吹出口周邊的空氣,促進吹出口周邊之空氣的積極性循環,而且藉風量增加提高性能。Further, the three-warm device proposed in Patent Document 2 uses a control device to increase the air volume of the fan at the start of operation, thereby improving the circulation of the bathroom air, uniformizing the temperature distribution, performing high-efficiency humidification, and suppressing dew condensation water. Attachment to the blowout. Further, an opening is provided on the side surface of the air passage where the air outlet of the louver is provided, and the amount of wind is increased by the induced flow. By using the induced flow, the air around the air outlet is sucked, and the positive circulation of the air around the air outlet is promoted, and the performance is improved by the increase in the amount of air.
又,在專利文獻3所提議的空氣循環裝置係將噴嘴設置於從電動風扇所吹出之空氣通過的配管前端部,並隔著間隙將文氏管設置於噴嘴前端部,藉此,增加風量與改善空調空間的空氣循環。Further, in the air circulation device proposed in Patent Document 3, the nozzle is provided at the tip end portion of the pipe through which the air blown from the electric fan passes, and the venturi is placed at the tip end portion of the nozzle via the gap, thereby increasing the air volume and Improve air circulation in air conditioning space.
專利文獻Patent literature
專利文獻1:專利第4432654號公報Patent Document 1: Patent No. 4432654
專利文獻2:專利第4367047號公報Patent Document 2: Patent No. 4367047
專利文獻3:專利第4293325號公報Patent Document 3: Patent No. 4293325
可是,在專利文獻1所提議的浴室乾燥機,因為僅在方形之百葉窗框之相對向的兩側面開口,所以具有空氣易滯留於接近其他的側面之內部空間的問題。又,在百葉窗框內之吹出口周邊的內部空間,亦配置用以形成吹出口的風路,空氣可能滯留。又,百葉窗下面成為曲面,具有清潔性差的問題。進而,關於浴室整體之空氣的循環性,因為僅百葉窗框之開口面相對向的兩側面,所以具有未開口之側面的周圍之空氣的循環性差的問題。However, the bathroom dryer proposed in Patent Document 1 has a problem that air is liable to stay in the internal space close to the other side surfaces because it is opened only on the opposite side surfaces of the square louver frame. Further, an air passage for forming an air outlet is disposed in the internal space around the air outlet in the louver frame, and air may be retained. Moreover, the underside of the louver is a curved surface, which has a problem of poor cleanability. Further, regarding the circulation of the air in the entire bathroom, since only the side faces of the louver frames are opposed to each other, there is a problem that the circulation of the air around the unopened side faces is poor.
又,在專利文獻2所記載的三溫暖裝置,因為利用控制裝置控制風扇,使風量增加,所以噪音變大的問題。又,在利用誘導流者,在吹出口的框中有風扇之吸入口之側的側面,因為發生空氣的短路,所以無法設置開口,而具有無法改善該側面的周圍之空氣的循環性及所得之誘導流少的問題。Further, in the three-warm device described in Patent Document 2, since the fan is controlled by the control device, the amount of wind is increased, so that the noise is increased. Further, in the case where the inductive flow is used, the side surface on the side of the suction port of the fan in the frame of the air outlet is short-circuited by the air, so that the opening cannot be provided, and the circulation of the air around the side surface cannot be improved. The problem of less induced flow.
專利文獻3所記載的空氣循環裝置係為了產生誘導流而設置噴嘴,而在空氣吹出部需要設置噴嘴所需的大空間。又,具有因設置噴嘴而耗費增加的問題。The air circulation device described in Patent Document 3 is provided with a nozzle for generating an induced flow, and a large space required for providing a nozzle is required in the air blowing portion. Moreover, there is a problem that the cost is increased due to the provision of the nozzle.
本發明係鑑於上述之問題點而開發者,其目的在於得到一種浴室乾燥機,該浴室乾燥機係可抑制在創意面板的背側與循環單元之底板所產生的霉,且小型,能以低噪音使吹出風量增加,而可提高浴室空氣的循環性,改善浴室地面的溫度分布,並改善乾燥不均。The present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and an object thereof is to provide a bathroom dryer capable of suppressing mildew generated on the back side of a creative panel and a bottom plate of a circulation unit, and being small and capable of being low. The noise increases the amount of air blown, which improves the circulation of the bathroom air, improves the temperature distribution of the bathroom floor, and improves uneven drying.
為了解決上述的課題並達成目的,本發明之特徵為包括:循環單元,係由外殼與底板所形成,朝下設置循環吸入口及吹出導格子板,並朝上設置換氣連接口,在內部具有配置循環風扇、開閉該換氣連接口之風擋及加熱部的循環風路,並設置於浴室的天花板;換氣單元,係具有設置排氣口的換氣風路,並與該循環單元的換氣連接口連接;創意面板,係以在該天花板及循環單元的下側外緣部之間具有間隙並覆蓋該循環單元之下面的方式配置外緣部;及誘導流開口,係設置於配置該加熱部之循環風路的下游側與該吹出導格子板之間,並向該吹出格子板內誘導周圍的空氣。In order to solve the above problems and achieve the object, the present invention is characterized in that the present invention comprises a circulation unit formed by a casing and a bottom plate, a circulation suction port facing downward and a guide lattice plate being blown downward, and a ventilation connection port is provided upward, and is internally provided. The utility model further comprises a circulation air passage which is provided with a circulation fan, a windshield and a heating part which opens and closes the ventilation connection port, and is disposed on a ceiling of the bathroom; the ventilation unit has a ventilation air passage provided with an exhaust port, and is connected with the circulation unit a ventilation port connection; the creative panel is provided with a gap between the ceiling and the lower outer edge portion of the circulation unit and covering the lower surface of the circulation unit; and the induced flow opening is disposed in the configuration The downstream side of the circulation air passage of the heating portion and the blowing guide lattice plate induce the surrounding air into the blown lattice plate.
因為本發明的浴室乾燥機隔著間隙以創意面板覆蓋包含浴室空氣的循環吸入口之循環單元的下面,所以從循環吸入口吸入創意面板的背側之間隙空間的空氣,而減少創意面板的背側之空氣的滯留。又,利用吸入氣流,使創意面板的背側及循環單元的底板變成乾燥,而可抑制發霉。又,利用往吹出導格子所誘導的誘導流,吹出格子板的周邊亦促進空氣的循環,而可抑制發霉。Since the bathroom dryer of the present invention covers the underside of the circulation unit including the circulating suction port of the bathroom air with a gap between the gaps through the gap, the air in the gap space of the back side of the creative panel is sucked from the circulation suction port, and the back of the creative panel is reduced. The retention of air on the side. Further, the suction airflow is used to dry the back side of the creative panel and the bottom plate of the circulation unit, thereby suppressing mold. Further, by using the induced flow induced by blowing out the guide lattice, the periphery of the grid plate is blown to promote circulation of air, and mold resistance can be suppressed.
又,因為從創意面板的外緣部全周吸入浴室空氣,所以浴室空氣的循環性佳,利用誘導流以低噪音使吹出風量增加,而改善浴室的地面溫度分布與浴室的乾燥不均。Further, since the bathroom air is taken in from the outer edge portion of the creative panel, the air circulation of the bathroom is excellent, and the amount of air blown is increased by the induced flow with low noise, and the floor temperature distribution of the bathroom and the drying unevenness of the bathroom are improved.
實施形態的浴室乾燥機具有換氣、乾燥、涼風、風乾燥及暖房之5種運轉模式,並可利用遙控控制器切換運轉模式。又,在多室用之浴室乾燥機,可與上述的運轉同時進行與浴室不同之別室的換氣。The bathroom dryer of the embodiment has five operation modes of ventilation, drying, cool air, air drying, and warm room, and can be switched by the remote controller. Further, in a bathroom dryer for a multi-chamber, it is possible to perform air exchange in a different room from the bathroom at the same time as the above-described operation.
在換氣運轉,在一室用之浴室乾燥機的情況,使循環風扇運轉,而向外部排出浴室的空氣。在多室用之浴室乾燥機的情況,使換氣風扇運轉,而向外部排出浴室與別室之雙方的空氣。In the ventilation operation, in the case of a bathroom dryer for one room, the circulation fan is operated, and the air of the bathroom is discharged to the outside. In the case of a bathroom dryer for a multi-chamber, the ventilation fan is operated, and the air of both the bathroom and the other room is discharged to the outside.
在乾燥運轉,利用風擋將使循環風扇運轉時從浴室所吸入之空氣分流至循環側與換氣側,再以加熱部將分流至循環側的空氣加熱後向浴室進行暖風送風,同時向外部排出分流至換氣側之浴室的空氣,進行浴室內的乾燥。此時,以循環風量比換氣風量更多的方式調整風擋的開口大小。在多室用之浴室乾燥機的情況,使換氣風扇運轉,而向外出排出浴室與別室之雙方的空氣。In the dry operation, the air blown from the bathroom when the circulating fan is operated is branched to the circulation side and the ventilation side by the windshield, and the air branched to the circulation side is heated by the heating portion, and the air is blown to the bathroom while being heated to the outside. The air that is branched to the bathroom on the ventilation side is discharged to dry the bathroom. At this time, the opening size of the windshield is adjusted in such a manner that the circulating air volume is more than the ventilation air volume. In the case of a multi-chamber bathroom dryer, the ventilation fan is operated to discharge air from both the bathroom and the other chambers.
在涼風運轉,利用風擋將使循環風扇運轉時從浴室所吸入之空氣分流至循環側與換氣側,再將分流至循環側的空氣送至浴室內,同時向外部排出分流至換氣側之浴室的空氣,進行排熱。在涼風運轉,不利用加熱部加熱,而循環空氣在仍然常溫下被送往浴室內。此時,以循環風量比換氣風量更多的方式調整風擋的開口大小。在多室用之浴室乾燥機的情況,使換氣風扇運轉,而向外出排出浴室與別室之雙方的空氣。In the cool air operation, the windshield is used to divert the air sucked from the bathroom when the circulating fan is running to the circulation side and the ventilation side, and then the air branched to the circulation side is sent to the bathroom, and is discharged to the outside to the ventilation side. The air in the bathroom is exhausted. In the cool air, it is not heated by the heating part, and the circulating air is sent to the bathroom at room temperature. At this time, the opening size of the windshield is adjusted in such a manner that the circulating air volume is more than the ventilation air volume. In the case of a multi-chamber bathroom dryer, the ventilation fan is operated to discharge air from both the bathroom and the other chambers.
在風乾燥運轉,利用風擋將使循環風扇運轉時從浴室所吸入之空氣分流至循環側與換氣側,再將分流至循環側的空氣送至浴室內,同時向外部排出分流至換氣側之浴室的空氣,進行浴室的乾燥。此時,以換氣風量比循環風量更多的方式調整風擋的開口大小。在多室用之浴室乾燥機的情況,使換氣風扇運轉,而向外出排出浴室與別室之雙方的空氣。風乾燥運轉與乾燥運轉相異,不使用溫風,而以送風與換氣進行浴室的乾燥。雖然乾燥時間比一般的乾燥運轉長,但是節能。In the air drying operation, the windshield is used to divert the air sucked from the bathroom to the circulation side and the ventilation side when the circulating fan is operated, and then the air branched to the circulation side is sent to the bathroom while discharging to the outside to the ventilation side. The air in the bathroom is used to dry the bathroom. At this time, the opening size of the windshield is adjusted in such a manner that the amount of ventilation air is larger than the amount of circulating air. In the case of a multi-chamber bathroom dryer, the ventilation fan is operated to discharge air from both the bathroom and the other chambers. The air drying operation is different from the drying operation, and the bathroom is dried by air supply and ventilation without using warm air. Although the drying time is longer than the normal drying operation, it is energy-saving.
在暖房運轉,利用風擋使循環風扇運轉時從浴室所吸入之空氣向循環側流動,並以加熱部加熱後向浴室內送風,而進行暖房。雖然在一室用之浴室乾燥機的情況,在暖房時換氣功能停止,但是在多室用之浴室乾燥機的情況,若換氣風扇運轉,別室可進行換氣。In the greenhouse operation, the air sucked from the bathroom when the circulating fan is operated flows to the circulation side by the windshield, and is heated by the heating unit, and then air is blown into the bathroom to perform warm room. In the case of a bathroom dryer for one room, the ventilation function is stopped during the warm room, but in the case of a bathroom dryer for a multi-chamber, if the ventilation fan is operated, the other room can be ventilated.
為了以上述之5種運轉模式運轉,需要在循環風路內形成4條風路,並作成根據作為風擋之轉動式風擋的轉動(擺動)位置形成各風路。關於在各運轉模式之轉動式風擋的轉動位置、風路形成,將在實施形態的說明中說明細節。In order to operate in the above five operation modes, it is necessary to form four air passages in the circulation air passage, and to form the respective air passages in accordance with the rotational (oscillating) position of the rotary windshield as the windshield. The details of the rotational position of the rotary windshield in each operation mode and the formation of the air passage will be described in the description of the embodiment.
以下,根據圖面詳細說明本發明之浴室乾燥機的實施形態。此外,不是利用本實施形態限定本發明。Hereinafter, embodiments of the bathroom dryer of the present invention will be described in detail based on the drawings. Further, the present invention is not limited by the embodiment.
第1實施形態First embodiment
第1圖係表示本發明之浴室乾燥機之第1實施形態的剖面圖,第2圖係表示將風擋的轉動位置設為換氣位置時之循環風路之下游側的剖面圖,第3圖係表示將風擋的轉動位置設為乾燥、涼風位置時之循環風路之下游側的剖面圖,第4圖係表示將風擋的轉動位置設為風乾燥位置時之循環風路之下游側的剖面圖,第5圖係表示將風擋的轉動位置設為暖房位置時之循環風路之下游側的剖面圖,第6圖係第1實施形態之吹出導格子板的立體圖,第7圖係表示第1實施形態之風擋之驅動部的剖面圖,第8圖係表示第1實施形態之浴室乾燥機的風路之空氣的流動的剖面圖,第9圖係表示第1實施形態之浴室乾燥機的吹出導格子板之周圍的空氣之流動的剖面圖。1 is a cross-sectional view showing a first embodiment of a bathroom dryer according to the present invention, and FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view showing a downstream side of a circulation air passage when a rotational position of a windshield is a ventilation position, and FIG. The cross-sectional view of the downstream side of the circulation air passage when the rotational position of the windshield is set to the dry and cool air position, and the fourth section shows the cross section of the downstream side of the circulation air passage when the rotational position of the windshield is the air-drying position. Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view showing the downstream side of the circulation air passage when the rotational position of the windshield is the warm room position, and Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the blown guide lattice plate of the first embodiment, and Fig. 7 is a view showing the Fig. 8 is a cross-sectional view showing the flow of air in the air passage of the bathroom dryer according to the first embodiment, and Fig. 9 is a sectional view showing the flow of the air in the bathroom dryer according to the first embodiment. A cross-sectional view of the flow of air blowing around the guide grid.
如第1圖所示,第1實施形態的浴室乾燥機91係在所形成的外殼16A內具有:循環風路2a,係用以進行浴室的換氣、乾燥及暖房;及換氣風路2b,係形成於用以進行浴室之換氣的排氣管連接構件22。作為換氣單元的排氣管連接構件22係與循環風路2a的換氣連接口9連接。As shown in Fig. 1, the bathroom dryer 91 of the first embodiment has a circulation air passage 2a for ventilating, drying, and warming the bathroom, and a ventilation air passage 2b in the formed casing 16A. It is formed in an exhaust pipe connecting member 22 for performing air exchange in a bathroom. The exhaust pipe connecting member 22 as a ventilation unit is connected to the ventilation connecting port 9 of the circulation air passage 2a.
循環風路2a係由外殼16A與循環孔口(底板)17所形成,並朝下設置浴室空氣的循環吸入口4及循環吹出口(吹出導格子板)8,並在下游側朝上設置換氣連接口9,利用馬達M1所驅動的循環風扇5配置於內部上游側,轉動式風擋6及加熱部7配置於內部下游側。將包括循環風扇5、轉動式風擋6及加熱部7的循環風路2a稱為循環單元91A。The circulation air passage 2a is formed by the outer casing 16A and the circulation orifice (bottom plate) 17, and is disposed with the circulating air suction port 4 of the bathroom air and the circulation air outlet (blowing guide grid) 8 facing downward, and is disposed on the downstream side upward. The gas connection port 9 is disposed on the inner upstream side by the circulation fan 5 driven by the motor M1, and the rotary windshield 6 and the heating unit 7 are disposed on the inner downstream side. The circulation air passage 2a including the circulation fan 5, the rotary damper 6, and the heating portion 7 is referred to as a circulation unit 91A.
作為換氣單元的排氣管連接構件22係以排氣方向成為側方(第1圖的右方向)的方式形成換氣風路2b,在橫向,排氣口21開口。若將排氣管與排氣口21連接,則可進行沿室的換氣。The exhaust pipe connecting member 22 as the ventilating means forms the ventilating air passage 2b such that the exhaust direction becomes the side (the right direction in FIG. 1), and the exhaust port 21 opens in the lateral direction. When the exhaust pipe is connected to the exhaust port 21, ventilation along the chamber can be performed.
濾除空氣中之灰塵的過濾器20配置於循環吸入口4的上游側。以創意面板14覆蓋浴室乾燥機91的下側。控制部15及電源連接部(未圖示)配置於馬達M1的上側。在控制部15,經由通信線連接遙控控制器(未圖示),遙控控制器對控制部15輸出運轉指令。The filter 20 that filters out dust in the air is disposed on the upstream side of the circulation suction port 4. The lower side of the bathroom dryer 91 is covered with a creative panel 14. The control unit 15 and the power supply connection unit (not shown) are disposed on the upper side of the motor M1. The control unit 15 is connected to a remote controller (not shown) via a communication line, and the remote controller outputs an operation command to the control unit 15.
換氣連接口9設置於外殼16A的頂板,空氣從循環風路2a通過換氣連接口9後向換氣風路2b流動。循環風路2a由外殼16A及循環孔口(底板)17所形成,並形成為循環吸入口4及換氣連接口9向下開口的箱形。換氣連接口9係在轉動式風擋6打開時,與換氣風路2b連通。用以使馬達M1之轉軸穿過的軸通孔(未圖示)設置於外殼16A。又,用以插入保持加熱部7及轉動式風擋6之保持構件的插入口設置於外殼16A的側板。The ventilation connection port 9 is provided in the ceiling of the casing 16A, and air flows from the circulation air passage 2a through the ventilation connection port 9 to the ventilation air passage 2b. The circulation air passage 2a is formed by the outer casing 16A and the circulation orifice (bottom plate) 17, and is formed in a box shape in which the circulation suction port 4 and the ventilation connection port 9 are opened downward. The ventilation connecting port 9 is in communication with the ventilation air passage 2b when the rotary windshield 6 is opened. A shaft through hole (not shown) through which the rotating shaft of the motor M1 passes is provided in the outer casing 16A. Further, an insertion opening for inserting the holding members holding the heating portion 7 and the rotary windshield 6 is provided on the side plate of the outer casing 16A.
循環風扇5是單吸入式的離心式風扇,以與循環吸入口4相對向的方式配置於循環風路2a的上游側。從循環風扇5所吹出的空氣利用轉動式風擋6,分流至從加熱部7往循環吹出口8流動之循環風路2a的下游側、與通過換氣連接口9的換氣風路2b。馬達M1設置於循環風路2a的上側。The circulation fan 5 is a single-suction type centrifugal fan, and is disposed on the upstream side of the circulation air passage 2a so as to face the circulation suction port 4. The air blown from the circulation fan 5 is branched to the downstream side of the circulation air passage 2a flowing from the heating unit 7 to the circulation air outlet 8 and the ventilation air passage 2b passing through the ventilation connection port 9 by the rotary windshield 6. The motor M1 is disposed on the upper side of the circulation air passage 2a.
加熱部7例如隔著間隔配置複數個發熱體,或將複數個散熱片設置於發熱體,將風路形成於發熱體或散熱片的周圍,並由作成使空氣向該風路通過而散熱的電熱器、或將電絕緣體及導熱體配置於周圍的發熱體收容於金屬管中的電熱器等所構成。The heating unit 7 is provided with a plurality of heat generating bodies, for example, at intervals, or a plurality of heat radiating fins are provided in the heat generating body, and the air passage is formed around the heat generating body or the heat radiating fin, and is configured to allow air to pass through the air passage to dissipate heat. An electric heater or an electric heater in which an electric insulator and a heat conductor are disposed in a surrounding heat generating body are housed in a metal pipe.
加熱部7配置於循環風路2a的最下游。為了抑制加熱部7的過加熱,可使用PTC(Positive Temperature Coefficient:正溫係數)加熱器。因為PTC加熱器係將到達既定溫度(居禮溫度)時電阻值急速上昇的PTC元件用作發熱體,所以具有自我溫度控制功能,安全性優異,而且不需要溫度控制,是低耗費。The heating unit 7 is disposed at the most downstream of the circulation air passage 2a. In order to suppress overheating of the heating unit 7, a PTC (Positive Temperature Coefficient) heater can be used. Since the PTC element is used as a heating element when the PTC heater reaches a predetermined temperature (the temperature of the ritual temperature), it has a self-temperature control function, is excellent in safety, and does not require temperature control, and is low in cost.
循環吹出口(吹出導格子板)8如第6圖所示,成為矩形之縮管(縮小)的風路(風路面積愈往下游側愈減少的風路)。藉由使風路框之長邊側的側板彎曲,而使風路面積縮小。吹出導格子板8係隔著間隙配置於配置加熱部7之循環風路2a的下游側,並使縮小之前的風路面積比配置加熱部7之循環風路2a之下游側的風路面積更大。As shown in Fig. 6, the circulation air outlet (blowing guide grid) 8 is a rectangular duct (reduced) air passage (the air passage area is reduced toward the downstream side). The air passage area is reduced by bending the side plates on the long side of the air passage frame. The blown guide grid plate 8 is disposed on the downstream side of the circulation air passage 2a where the heating unit 7 is disposed with a gap therebetween, and the air passage area before the reduction is made larger than the air passage area on the downstream side of the circulation air passage 2a where the heating unit 7 is disposed. Big.
循環風路2a之下游側與吹出導格子板8之間的間隙成為向吹出導格子板8內誘導吹出導格子板8之周圍的空氣的誘導流開口31。誘導流開口31係垂直於循環風路2a之下游側的空氣吹出方向。使吹出導格子板8的風路面積比循環風路2a之下游側的風路面積更大,並使誘導流開口31垂直於循環風路2a之下游側的空氣吹出方向,藉此,不設置噴嘴,就可高效率地產生誘導流。The gap between the downstream side of the circulation air passage 2a and the blowing guide grid plate 8 serves as an induced flow opening 31 for inducing the air around the guide grid plate 8 to be blown out of the guide grid plate 8. The induced flow opening 31 is perpendicular to the air blowing direction on the downstream side of the circulation air path 2a. The air passage area of the downstream side of the circulation air passage 2a is made larger than the air passage area on the downstream side of the circulation air passage 2a, and the induced flow opening 31 is perpendicular to the air blowing direction on the downstream side of the circulation air passage 2a, thereby not being provided. With the nozzle, the induced flow can be efficiently generated.
進而,吹出導格子板8具有並列配置的翼板,可使吹出空氣朝向固定的方向。此外,亦可將轉軸設置於翼板,並利用調整手段調整方向,而調整風向。Further, the blow-out guide grid 8 has wings arranged in parallel so that the blown air can be directed in a fixed direction. In addition, the rotating shaft can also be placed on the wing plate, and the direction can be adjusted by adjusting the direction to adjust the wind direction.
轉動式風擋6配置於循環風路2a的循環風扇5與加熱部7之間之換氣連接口9的下側,並形成為前端部及基端部平而中間部彎曲的板狀。如第7圖所示,轉動式風擋6繞設置於基端部的風擋轉軸23轉動。扇形齒輪24固定於轉動式風擋6的風擋轉軸23及側部,藉由使扇形齒輪24轉動,而可使轉動式風擋6轉動。The rotary damper 6 is disposed on the lower side of the ventilating connection port 9 between the circulation fan 5 and the heating unit 7 of the circulation air passage 2a, and is formed in a plate shape in which the front end portion and the base end portion are flat and the intermediate portion is curved. As shown in Fig. 7, the rotary windshield 6 is rotated about the windshield rotation shaft 23 provided at the base end portion. The sector gear 24 is fixed to the windshield shaft 23 and the side portion of the rotary windshield 6, and the rotary windshield 6 can be rotated by rotating the sector gear 24.
轉動式風擋6係利用由扇形齒輪24與小齒輪25所組合的減速機驅動。利用例如如步進馬達的驅動手段使小齒輪25轉動,再經由扇形齒輪24,使轉動式風擋6轉動、定位,並構成循環風路2a及/或換氣風路2b的一部分。The rotary windshield 6 is driven by a speed reducer combined with a sector gear 24 and a pinion gear 25. The pinion gear 25 is rotated by, for example, a driving means such as a stepping motor, and the rotary windshield 6 is rotated and positioned via the sector gear 24, and a part of the circulation air passage 2a and/or the ventilation air passage 2b is formed.
轉動式風擋6在順時針方向,可轉動至與外殼16A的頂板接觸而關閉換氣連接口9的位置,又,在反時針方向,可轉動至與循環孔口(底板)17接觸而關閉循環風路2a的下游側,並使循環風路2a的上游側與換氣連接口9連通的位置,而具有可轉動之角度範圍(約30°)。The rotary windshield 6 is rotatable in a clockwise direction to be in contact with the top plate of the outer casing 16A to close the position of the ventilation connection port 9, and, in the counterclockwise direction, is rotatable to contact the circulation orifice (base plate) 17 to close the cycle. The downstream side of the air passage 2a and the upstream side of the circulation air passage 2a communicate with the ventilation connecting port 9 to have a rotatable angular range (about 30°).
轉動式風擋6的轉動定位係利用定位控制進行,該定位控制係使轉動式風擋6朝向順時針方向或反時針方向轉動可轉動角度範圍以上,使其轉動至轉動停止之第5圖或第2圖所示的位置,而決定起點後,使轉動式風擋6轉動至第3圖或第4圖所示之使循環風路2a的上游側與循環風路2a的下游側及換氣連接口9之雙方連通的位置。The rotational positioning of the rotary windshield 6 is performed by a positioning control that rotates the rotary windshield 6 in a clockwise or counterclockwise direction over a range of rotatable angles to rotate it to a fifth or second rotation stop. After the starting point is determined, the rotary windshield 6 is rotated to the upstream side of the circulation air passage 2a and the downstream side of the circulation air passage 2a and the ventilation connection port 9 as shown in Fig. 3 or Fig. 4 The location where both sides are connected.
創意面板14係以覆蓋外殼16A之浴室內露出部的方式安裝於外殼16A或天花板。創意面板14平坦地形成,並隔著間隙安裝於頂面及循環單元91A的下側外緣部、與創意面板14之外周向上側壁之間,並從在創意面板14全周的間隙吸入浴室空氣。藉由將創意面板14形成平板狀,而易清掃創意面板之表面。The creative panel 14 is attached to the outer casing 16A or the ceiling so as to cover the exposed portion of the bathroom of the outer casing 16A. The creative panel 14 is formed flat and is attached to the top surface and the lower outer edge portion of the circulation unit 91A via the gap, and the outer circumferential side wall of the creative panel 14, and draws in the bathroom air from the gap in the entire circumference of the creative panel 14. . The surface of the creative panel can be easily cleaned by forming the creative panel 14 into a flat shape.
控制部15包括儲存既定控制程式的記憶元件,並因應於從遙控控制器所輸入之運轉指令,分別個別地控制循環風扇5、加熱部7及轉動式風擋6,使浴室乾燥機91進行換氣運轉、乾燥運轉等。The control unit 15 includes a memory element that stores a predetermined control program, and individually controls the circulation fan 5, the heating unit 7, and the rotary windshield 6 in response to an operation command input from the remote controller, and causes the bathroom dryer 91 to ventilate. Operation, drying operation, etc.
如以上之說明所示,第1實施形態的浴室乾燥機91係利用設置於基端部的風擋轉軸23單側支撐轉動式風擋6,並使轉動角度變小,藉此,可抑制循環風路2a的高度,而可使浴室乾燥機91小型化、輕量化。又,可在轉動角度範圍的中間位置定位、保持,而可調整循環風量與換氣風量。As described above, the bathroom dryer 91 of the first embodiment supports the rotary windshield 6 on one side by the windshield rotation shaft 23 provided at the proximal end portion, and the rotation angle is reduced, whereby the circulation air passage can be suppressed. The height of 2a allows the bathroom dryer 91 to be reduced in size and weight. Moreover, the circulating air volume and the ventilation air volume can be adjusted by being positioned and held in the middle of the rotation angle range.
其次,參照第2圖至第5圖,說明第1實施形態之浴室乾燥機91的換氣運轉、乾燥運轉、涼風運轉、風乾燥運轉及暖房運轉。如第2圖所示,在換氣運轉,轉動式風擋6的前端朝向反時針方向擺動至與循環孔口(底板)17接觸的位置並定位,塞住循環風路2a的加熱部7側(下游側),經由換氣連接口9,往換氣風路2b連接循環風路2a。Next, the ventilation operation, the drying operation, the cool air operation, the air drying operation, and the warm room operation of the bathroom dryer 91 according to the first embodiment will be described with reference to Figs. 2 to 5 . As shown in Fig. 2, in the ventilating operation, the tip end of the rotary damper 6 swings in a counterclockwise direction to a position in contact with the circulation orifice (base plate) 17, and is positioned to block the heating portion 7 side of the circulation air passage 2a ( On the downstream side, the circulation air passage 2a is connected to the ventilation air passage 2b via the ventilation connection port 9.
設置浴室乾燥機91之浴室的空氣通過循環吸入口4並在循環風路2a內流動,再從排氣口21向外部排氣,而進行浴室的換氣。The air in the bathroom in which the bathroom dryer 91 is installed passes through the circulation suction port 4, flows through the circulation air passage 2a, and is exhausted from the exhaust port 21 to the outside, thereby ventilating the bathroom.
在乾燥運轉,如第3圖所示,轉動式風擋6的前端與外殼16A的頂板及循環孔口(底板)17都未接觸,並定位於從外殼16A之頂板與循環孔口(底板)17的中間位置接近外殼16A之頂板的位置。因此,空氣可從換氣連接口9往換氣風路2b、配置加熱部7之循環風路2a的下游側之雙方的風路流入。同時,加熱部7被通電。In the drying operation, as shown in Fig. 3, the front end of the rotary windshield 6 is not in contact with the top plate of the outer casing 16A and the circulation orifice (base plate) 17, and is positioned at the top plate and the circulation orifice (bottom plate) from the outer casing 16A. The intermediate position is close to the position of the top plate of the outer casing 16A. Therefore, the air can flow from the ventilation connection port 9 to the ventilation air passage 2b and the air passages on the downstream side of the circulation air passage 2a where the heating unit 7 is disposed. At the same time, the heating unit 7 is energized.
在乾燥運轉,從循環風扇5所吹出並向循環風路2a流入的浴室空氣通過加熱部7後,從循環吹出口8向浴室內吹出,而且一部分通過換氣連接口9後向換氣風路2b流入,再從排氣口21向外部排氣。在乾燥運轉,一面向浴室內吹出暖風一面進行換氣,而可使浴室或衣類變成乾燥,可使浴室乾燥機91作用為暖風乾燥機。In the drying operation, the bathroom air that has been blown from the circulation fan 5 and flows into the circulation air passage 2a passes through the heating unit 7, and is then blown out from the circulation air outlet 8 into the bathroom, and a part of the air is connected to the ventilation air passage through the ventilation connection port 9 2b flows in, and is exhausted from the exhaust port 21 to the outside. In the dry operation, the air is blown to the bathroom while the air is blown, and the bathroom or the clothes can be made dry, and the bathroom dryer 91 can be used as a warm air dryer.
在涼風運轉,如第3圖所示,轉動式風擋6的前端亦與外殼16A之頂板及循環孔口(底板)17都未接觸,並定位於從外殼16A之頂板與循環孔口(底板)17的中間位置接近外殼16A之頂板的位置。結果,空氣可從換氣連接口9往換氣風路2b、配置加熱部7之循環風路2a的下游之雙方的風路流入。同時,循環風扇5開始運轉,與乾燥運轉相異,加熱部7未被通電。In the cool air operation, as shown in Fig. 3, the front end of the rotary windshield 6 is also not in contact with the top plate of the outer casing 16A and the circulation orifice (base plate) 17, and is positioned at the top plate and the circulation orifice (base plate) from the outer casing 16A. The intermediate position of 17 is near the position of the top plate of the outer casing 16A. As a result, air can flow from the ventilation connection port 9 to the air passages of the ventilation air passage 2b and the downstream of the circulation air passage 2a where the heating unit 7 is disposed. At the same time, the circulation fan 5 starts to operate, and unlike the drying operation, the heating unit 7 is not energized.
在涼風運轉,從循環風扇5所吹出並向循環風路2a流入的浴室空氣從循環吹出口8向浴室內吹出,而且一部分從換氣連接口9向換氣風路2b流入,再從排氣口21向外部排氣。在涼風運轉,一面向浴室內送風一面進行換氣,而可進行浴室的排熱。In the cool air operation, the bathroom air that is blown from the circulation fan 5 and flows into the circulation air passage 2a is blown out from the circulation air outlet 8 into the bathroom, and a part of the air is blown from the ventilation connection port 9 to the ventilation air passage 2b, and then exhausted. The port 21 is vented to the outside. In the cool air operation, one side of the bathroom is ventilated while the air is being supplied, and the heat of the bathroom can be exhausted.
在風乾燥運轉,如第4圖所示,轉動式風擋6的前端亦與外殼16A之頂板及循環孔口(底板)17都未接觸,並定位於從外殼16A之頂板與循環孔口(底板)17的中間位置接近循環孔口(底板)17側的位置。因此,空氣可從換氣連接口9往換氣風路2b、配置加熱部7之循環風路2a的下游之雙方的風路流入。同時,循環風扇5開始運轉,與乾燥運轉相異,加熱部7未被通電。In the wind drying operation, as shown in Fig. 4, the front end of the rotary windshield 6 is also not in contact with the top plate of the outer casing 16A and the circulation orifice (base plate) 17, and is positioned from the top plate of the outer casing 16A and the circulation orifice (the bottom plate). The intermediate position of 17 is close to the position of the circulation orifice (bottom plate) 17 side. Therefore, air can flow from the ventilation connecting port 9 to the air passages of the ventilation air passage 2b and the downstream of the circulation air passage 2a where the heating unit 7 is disposed. At the same time, the circulation fan 5 starts to operate, and unlike the drying operation, the heating unit 7 is not energized.
在風乾燥運轉,從循環風扇5向循環風路2a所流入的浴室內空氣通過加熱部7,再從循環吹出口8向浴室內吹出,而且一部分從換氣連接口9向換氣風路2b流入,再從排氣口21向外部排氣。在風乾燥運轉,與乾燥運轉相異,因為加熱部7未被通電,所以在依然是浴室內空氣溫度下,向浴室內吹出空氣。向浴室送出常溫的風,而且進行換氣,而使浴室或衣類變成乾燥。風乾燥運轉係雖然乾燥速度比乾燥運轉慢,但是因為加熱部7未被通電,所以能以小的耗電力進行浴室內的乾燥。In the air drying operation, the air in the bathroom that has flowed from the circulation fan 5 to the circulation air passage 2a passes through the heating unit 7, and is blown out from the circulation outlet 8 into the bathroom, and a part of the air is connected from the ventilation connection port 9 to the ventilation air passage 2b. It flows in and is exhausted from the exhaust port 21 to the outside. In the air drying operation, unlike the drying operation, since the heating unit 7 is not energized, air is blown into the bathroom while still being in the air temperature in the bathroom. The room temperature is sent to the bathroom, and the air is ventilated to make the bathroom or clothing dry. In the air drying operation, although the drying speed is slower than the drying operation, since the heating unit 7 is not energized, the drying in the bathroom can be performed with a small power consumption.
在暖房運轉,如第5圖所示,使轉動式風擋6轉動至與外殼16A之頂板接觸的位置,而塞住換氣連接口9,空氣可僅向與循環吹出口8連續之循環風路2a的下游流入。同時,循環風扇5開始運轉,加熱部7被通電。In the greenhouse operation, as shown in Fig. 5, the rotary windshield 6 is rotated to a position in contact with the top plate of the outer casing 16A, and the ventilation connection port 9 is plugged, and the air can only flow to the circulation air passage continuous with the circulation air outlet 8. The downstream of 2a flows in. At the same time, the circulation fan 5 starts to operate, and the heating unit 7 is energized.
在暖房運轉,從循環風扇5所吹出並向循環風路2a流入的浴室空氣通過加熱部7後,向浴室內吹出。通過加熱部7的空氣被加熱後,作為暖風向浴室內吹出,可進行浴室內的暖房。In the greenhouse operation, the bathroom air that has been blown from the circulation fan 5 and flows into the circulation air passage 2a passes through the heating unit 7, and is then blown out into the bathroom. After the air passing through the heating unit 7 is heated, it is blown out into the bathroom as warm air, and a warm room in the bathroom can be performed.
其次,說明第1實施形態之浴室乾燥機91之吸入空氣的流動。如第1圖及第8圖所示,創意面板14係在天花板及循環單元91A的下側外緣部之間具有間隙30,並配置成覆蓋循環單元91A的下面,浴室的空氣被循環風扇5吸入,再從間隙30,向創意面板14與循環孔口(底板)17之間的間隙空間33流入。向間隙空間33所流入之浴室的空氣係從循環吸入口4被循環風扇5吸入後,向循環風路2a內吹出,再根據在各運轉模式之轉動式風擋6的轉動位置,向循環風路2a的下游及/或換氣風路2b流入。間隙30係設置於創意面板14的全周,而可從全周吸入浴室的空氣。因此,利用風的流動使創意面板14的背面及底板17變成乾燥,而可防止創意面板14的背面及底板17發霉。Next, the flow of the intake air of the bathroom dryer 91 of the first embodiment will be described. As shown in FIGS. 1 and 8, the creative panel 14 has a gap 30 between the ceiling and the lower outer edge portion of the circulation unit 91A, and is disposed to cover the lower surface of the circulation unit 91A, and the air of the bathroom is circulated by the fan 5. After the suction, the gap 30 flows into the gap space 33 between the creative panel 14 and the circulation orifice (bottom plate) 17. The air in the bathroom that has flowed into the gap space 33 is sucked by the circulation fan 5 from the circulation suction port 4, and then blown into the circulation air passage 2a, and then flows to the circulation air passage according to the rotational position of the rotary windshield 6 in each operation mode. The downstream of 2a and/or the ventilation air passage 2b flows in. The gap 30 is provided over the entire circumference of the creative panel 14, and the air of the bathroom can be taken in from the entire circumference. Therefore, the back surface of the creative panel 14 and the bottom plate 17 are dried by the flow of the wind, and the back surface of the creative panel 14 and the bottom plate 17 are prevented from being moldy.
其次,參照第9圖,說明乾燥運轉時、涼風運轉時、風乾燥運轉時及暖房運轉時的誘導流。從循環風扇5所吹出之空氣在通過加熱部7時提高速度後,通過吹出導格子板8,向浴室內送風。此時所產生之誘導流係從間隙30被吸入後,向創意面板14與循環孔口(底板)17之間的間隙空間33流入,再從誘導流開口31向吹出導格子板8的風路內流入,與通過加熱部7的空氣一起向浴室內送風。Next, referring to Fig. 9, the induced flow during the drying operation, the cool air operation, the air drying operation, and the warm room operation will be described. The air blown from the circulation fan 5 is increased in speed when passing through the heating unit 7, and then blown out of the guide grid 8 to blow air into the bathroom. The induced flow system generated at this time is sucked from the gap 30, flows into the gap space 33 between the creative panel 14 and the circulation orifice (floor) 17, and then blows the air passage from the induced flow opening 31 toward the guide grid plate 8. The inside flows into the bathroom together with the air passing through the heating unit 7.
又,因為將把間隙空間33分開成循環吸入口4側與吹出導格子板8側的隔板32設置於循環孔口(底板)17,所以空氣不會從吹出導格子板8的誘導流開口31向循環吸入口4側流動,而可高效率地向吹出導格子板8內吸入誘導流。藉由產生誘導流,因為風向吹出導格子板8的周圍流動,所以可抑制創意面板14的背面之吹出導格子板8的周圍發霉。Further, since the gap 32 is divided into the circulation suction port 4 side and the partition plate 32 on the side of the blow guide grid 8 is provided in the circulation orifice (bottom plate) 17, the air does not open from the induced flow opening of the guide grid plate 8. 31 flows toward the circulation suction port 4 side, and the induced flow can be efficiently sucked into the outlet guide plate 8. By generating the induced flow, since the wind blows out around the guide grid 8, it is possible to suppress moldiness around the blown guide grid 8 on the back surface of the creative panel 14.
又,因為利用誘導流增加對浴室的送風量,所以改善暖房運轉時之浴室的地面溫度分布。又,由於風量增加,亦改善乾燥、風乾燥運轉時之浴室內的乾燥不均。又,因為創意面板14係在與天花板之間的全周具有間隙30,所以天花板之空氣的循環佳,而天花板面的乾燥性高。Further, since the amount of air blown to the bathroom is increased by the induced flow, the floor temperature distribution of the bathroom during the operation of the warm room is improved. Moreover, since the air volume is increased, the drying unevenness in the bathroom during the drying and air drying operation is also improved. Further, since the creative panel 14 has the gap 30 around the entire circumference of the ceiling, the circulation of the air of the ceiling is good, and the drying property of the ceiling surface is high.
第2實施形態Second embodiment
第10圖係表示本發明之浴室乾燥機之第2實施形態的剖面圖,第11圖係表示第2實施形態之浴室乾燥機的上視圖。如第10圖所示,第2實施形態的浴室乾燥機92與第1實施形態之浴室乾燥機91的相異處係使用換氣單元92B,替代排氣管連接構件22,並具有別室換氣功能。循環單元91A與換氣單元92B係可分離。因為循環單元91A及創意面板14係已在第1實施形態的浴室乾燥機91說明,所以省略說明。Fig. 10 is a cross-sectional view showing a second embodiment of the bathroom dryer of the present invention, and Fig. 11 is a top view showing the bathroom dryer according to the second embodiment. As shown in Fig. 10, in the difference between the bathroom dryer 92 of the second embodiment and the bathroom dryer 91 of the first embodiment, the ventilating unit 92B is used instead of the exhaust pipe connecting member 22, and the other chamber is ventilated. Features. The circulation unit 91A and the ventilation unit 92B are separable. Since the circulation unit 91A and the creative panel 14 have been described in the bathroom dryer 91 of the first embodiment, the description thereof is omitted.
換氣單元92B具有外殼16B,換氣風路2b形成於外殼16B內。換氣風路2b係在上游側朝下設置浴室吸入口12a,並在下游側在橫向設置排氣口13,在內部配置利用馬達M2所驅動之換氣風扇(離心式風扇)11。又,在換氣風扇11的上游側,配置設置了換氣吸入口10的換氣孔口18。浴室吸入口12a與換氣孔口18之間的空間成為換氣室12。在換氣室12,別室吸入口12b開口。The ventilation unit 92B has a casing 16B, and the ventilation air passage 2b is formed in the casing 16B. The ventilation air passage 2b is provided with the bathtub suction port 12a facing downward on the upstream side, and the exhaust port 13 is provided on the downstream side in the lateral direction, and a ventilation fan (centrifugal fan) 11 driven by the motor M2 is disposed inside. Further, on the upstream side of the ventilation fan 11, a ventilation hole 18 in which the ventilation inlet 10 is provided is disposed. The space between the bathroom suction port 12a and the ventilation port 18 becomes the ventilating chamber 12. In the ventilating chamber 12, the chamber suction port 12b is open.
第2實施形態的浴室乾燥機92可與第1實施形態的浴室乾燥機91一樣地進行換氣運轉、乾燥運轉、風乾燥運轉、暖房運轉及涼風運轉。在換氣運轉、乾燥運轉、涼風運轉及風乾燥運轉,循環風路2a與換氣風路2b連接,而且換氣風扇11開始運轉。結果,設置浴室乾燥機92之浴室的空氣通過循環吸入口4後,在循環風路2a內流動,並利用轉動式風擋6往換氣連接口9引導,通過換氣風路2b的浴室吸入口12a後,往換氣室12被吸入,又,浴室以外之別室的空氣亦從別室吸入口12b往換氣室12被吸入,浴室空氣與別室空氣係從換氣吸入口10被換氣風扇11吸入,再從排氣口13排氣,因此,浴室及別室進行換氣。The bathroom dryer 92 of the second embodiment can perform the ventilation operation, the drying operation, the air drying operation, the warm room operation, and the cool air operation in the same manner as the bathroom dryer 91 of the first embodiment. In the ventilation operation, the drying operation, the cool air operation, and the air drying operation, the circulation air passage 2a is connected to the ventilation air passage 2b, and the ventilation fan 11 starts to operate. As a result, the air of the bathroom in which the bathroom dryer 92 is installed passes through the circulation suction port 4, flows through the circulation air passage 2a, and is guided to the ventilation connection port 9 by the rotary windshield 6, and passes through the bathroom suction port of the ventilation air passage 2b. After 12a, the air is sucked into the ventilating chamber 12, and the air in the other chambers other than the bathroom is also sucked from the other chamber suction port 12b to the ventilating chamber 12, and the bathroom air and the other room air are ventilated by the ventilating fan 11 from the ventilating inlet 10. After inhalation, the air is exhausted from the exhaust port 13, so that the bathroom and the other room are ventilated.
其次,參照第10圖及第11圖,說明浴室乾燥機92的多室換氣功能。如第11圖所示,複數個(3個)別室吸入口12b設置於換氣風路2b。將來自洗臉處、廁所等之別室的排氣用管與各個別室吸入口12b連接,若使換氣風扇11動作,則可進行別室的換氣。未使用的連接口可封閉,並可任意選擇進行換氣的室數。Next, the multi-chamber ventilation function of the bathroom dryer 92 will be described with reference to Figs. 10 and 11 . As shown in Fig. 11, a plurality of (three) other chamber suction ports 12b are provided in the ventilation air passage 2b. The exhaust pipe from the other parts of the washing place, the toilet, and the like is connected to the respective room suction ports 12b, and when the ventilation fan 11 is operated, the air in the other room can be ventilated. Unused connectors can be closed and the number of rooms for ventilation can be arbitrarily selected.
使換氣連接口9與換氣室12的浴室吸入口12a連通,而且配置於排氣口13的下方,係為了在使循環風扇5與換氣風扇11同時運轉而從循環風路2a向換氣風路2b送風的乾燥運轉、風乾燥運轉及涼風運轉,防止空氣向別室吸入口12b倒流。為了確實防止空氣向別室吸入口12b倒流,亦可將防逆流風擋設置於別室吸入口12b。又,以換氣風扇11的吸入風量比循環風扇5向換氣風路2b所送入之風量更大的方式進行兩風扇的風量控制。The ventilation connection port 9 is communicated with the bathroom suction port 12a of the ventilating chamber 12, and is disposed below the exhaust port 13 in order to change the circulation fan 5 and the ventilation fan 11 from the circulation air passage 2a. The air-cooling path 2b is subjected to a dry operation of the air supply, a wind drying operation, and a cool air operation to prevent the air from flowing back to the other chamber suction port 12b. In order to prevent the air from flowing back to the other chamber suction port 12b, the backflow prevention damper may be provided in the other chamber suction port 12b. Moreover, the air volume control of the two fans is performed such that the intake air volume of the ventilation fan 11 is larger than the air volume that the circulation fan 5 sends to the ventilation air passage 2b.
從換氣管通過別室吸入口12b後向換氣室12所流入的別室空氣通過換氣吸入口10後,被換氣風扇11吸入,並向外部排氣。在浴室乾燥機92停止時,如第5圖所示,只要使轉動式風擋6位於塞住換氣連接口9的位置,就可僅使別室進行換氣。The air that has flowed into the ventilation chamber 12 from the ventilation duct through the chamber suction port 12b passes through the ventilation inlet 10, is sucked by the ventilation fan 11, and is exhausted to the outside. When the bathroom dryer 92 is stopped, as shown in Fig. 5, as long as the rotary damper 6 is placed at the position where the ventilating port 9 is plugged, only the other chambers can be ventilated.
【工業上之可應用性】[Industrial Applicability]
如以上所示,本發明的浴室乾燥機係對作為進行浴室之換氣、乾燥及暖房之家庭用或業務用的浴室乾燥機有用。As described above, the bathroom dryer of the present invention is useful as a bathroom dryer for home use or business for ventilation, drying, and warming of bathrooms.
2a...循環風路2a. . . Circulation wind path
2b...換氣風路2b. . . Ventilation wind road
4...循環吸入口4. . . Circulating suction
5...循環風扇5. . . Circulating fan
6...轉動式風擋6. . . Rotary windshield
7...加熱部7. . . Heating department
8...循環吹出口(吹出導格子板)8. . . Circulating outlet (blowing guide grid)
9...換氣連接口9. . . Ventilation connection
10...換氣吸入口10. . . Ventilation inlet
11...換氣風扇11. . . Ventilation fan
12...換氣室12. . . Ventilation room
12a...浴室吸入口12a. . . Bathroom sink
12b...別室吸入口12b. . . Room suction
13...排氣口13. . . exhaust vent
14...創意面板14. . . Creative panel
15...控制部15. . . Control department
16A、16B...外殼16A, 16B. . . shell
17...循環孔口(底板)17. . . Circulating orifice (floor)
18...換氣孔口18. . . Ventilation opening
20...過濾器20. . . filter
21...排氣口twenty one. . . exhaust vent
22...排氣管連接構件(換氣單元)twenty two. . . Exhaust pipe connecting member (ventilating unit)
23...風擋轉軸twenty three. . . Windshield shaft
24...扇形齒輪twenty four. . . Sector gear
25...小齒輪25. . . gear
30...間隙30. . . gap
31...誘導流開口31. . . Induced flow opening
32...隔板32. . . Partition
33...間隙空間33. . . Clearance space
M1、M2...馬達M1, M2. . . motor
91、92...浴室乾燥機91, 92. . . Bathroom dryer
91A...循環單元91A. . . Circulating unit
92B...換氣單元92B. . . Ventilation unit
第1圖係表示本發明之浴室乾燥機之第1實施形態的剖面圖。Fig. 1 is a cross-sectional view showing a first embodiment of the bathroom dryer of the present invention.
第2圖係表示將風擋的轉動位置設為換氣位置時之循環風路之下游側的剖面圖。Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view showing the downstream side of the circulation air passage when the rotational position of the windshield is set to the ventilation position.
第3圖係表示將風擋的轉動位置設為乾燥、涼風位置時之循環風路之下游側的剖面圖。Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view showing the downstream side of the circulation air passage when the rotational position of the windshield is set to a dry or cool air position.
第4圖係表示將風擋的轉動位置設為風乾燥位置時之循環風路之下游側的剖面圖。Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view showing the downstream side of the circulation air passage when the rotational position of the windshield is set to the air drying position.
第5圖係表示將風擋的轉動位置設為暖房位置時之循環風路之下游側的剖面圖。Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view showing the downstream side of the circulation air passage when the rotational position of the windshield is set to the warm room position.
第6圖係第1實施形態之吹出導格子板的立體圖。Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the blown guide lattice plate of the first embodiment.
第7圖係表示第1實施形態之風擋之驅動部的剖面圖。Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view showing a driving portion of the windshield of the first embodiment.
第8圖係表示第1實施形態之浴室乾燥機的風路之空氣的流動的剖面圖。Fig. 8 is a cross-sectional view showing the flow of air in the air passage of the bathroom dryer of the first embodiment.
第9圖係表示第1實施形態之浴室乾燥機的吹出導格子板之周圍的空氣之流動的剖面圖。Fig. 9 is a cross-sectional view showing the flow of air around the blowing guide lattice plate of the bathroom dryer of the first embodiment.
第10圖係表示本發明之浴室乾燥機之第2實施形態的剖面圖。Figure 10 is a cross-sectional view showing a second embodiment of the bathroom dryer of the present invention.
第11圖係表示第2實施形態之浴室乾燥機的上視圖。Fig. 11 is a top view showing the bathroom dryer of the second embodiment.
2a...循環風路2a. . . Circulation wind path
2b...換氣風路2b. . . Ventilation wind road
4...循環吸入口4. . . Circulating suction
5...循環風扇5. . . Circulating fan
6...轉動式風擋6. . . Rotary windshield
7...加熱部7. . . Heating department
8...循環吹出口8. . . Circulating outlet
9...換氣連接口9. . . Ventilation connection
14...創意面板14. . . Creative panel
15...控制部15. . . Control department
16A...外殼16A. . . shell
17...循環孔口17. . . Circulating orifice
20...過濾器20. . . filter
21...排氣口twenty one. . . exhaust vent
22...排氣管連接構件twenty two. . . Exhaust pipe connecting member
30...間隙30. . . gap
31...誘導流開口31. . . Induced flow opening
32...隔板32. . . Partition
33...間隙空間33. . . Clearance space
91...浴室乾燥機91. . . Bathroom dryer
91A...循環單元91A. . . Circulating unit
M1...馬達M1. . . motor

Claims (5)

  1. 一種浴室乾燥機,其特徵在於包括:循環單元,係由外殼與底板所形成,朝下設置循環吸入口及吹出導格子板,並朝上設置換氣連接口,在內部具有配置循環風扇、開閉該換氣連接口之轉動式風擋及加熱部的循環風路,並設置於浴室的天花板;換氣單元,係具有設置排氣口的換氣風路,並與該循環單元的換氣連接口連接;創意面板,係以在該天花板及循環單元的下側外緣部之間具有間隙並覆蓋該循環單元之下面的方式配置外緣部;及誘導流開口,係設置於配置該加熱部之循環風路的下游側與該吹出導格子板之間,並向該吹出格子板內誘導周圍的空氣;其中將把該循環單元的底板與該創意面板之間的空間分開成該循環吸入口側與吹出導格子板側的隔板設置於該底板。 A bathroom dryer characterized by comprising: a circulation unit formed by a casing and a bottom plate, a circulation suction port facing downward and a guide grid plate being blown downward, and a ventilation connection port is arranged upward, and a circulation fan is arranged inside, and is opened and closed The rotary windshield of the ventilation connection port and the circulation air passage of the heating part are disposed on the ceiling of the bathroom; the ventilation unit has a ventilation air passage provided with an exhaust port, and a ventilation connection port of the circulation unit Connecting the creative panel to arrange the outer edge portion so as to have a gap between the lower outer edge portion of the ceiling and the circulation unit and covering the lower surface of the circulation unit; and to induce the flow opening to be disposed in the heating portion Between the downstream side of the circulation air passage and the blown guide grid plate, and inducing ambient air into the blown grid plate; wherein the space between the bottom plate of the circulation unit and the creative panel is separated into the circulation suction port side A partition plate on the side of the blowout guide plate is provided on the bottom plate.
  2. 如申請專利範圍第1項之浴室乾燥機,其中該吹出導格子板係風路面積比配置該循環風路的加熱部之下游側的風路面積更大,而且愈往下游側風路面積愈減少。 The bathroom dryer according to claim 1, wherein the air passage area of the blown guide grid is larger than the air passage area on the downstream side of the heating portion where the circulation air passage is disposed, and the wind passage area is further toward the downstream side. cut back.
  3. 如申請專利範圍第1項之浴室乾燥機,其中該誘導流開口係朝向與該循環風路之下游側的空氣吹出方向垂直的方向。 The bathroom dryer according to claim 1, wherein the induced flow opening is directed in a direction perpendicular to a direction in which the air is blown downstream of the circulation air passage.
  4. 如申請專利範圍第1項之浴室乾燥機,其中該創意 面板係形成平板形。 Such as the bathroom dryer of claim 1 of the patent scope, wherein the idea The panel is formed into a flat plate shape.
  5. 如申請專利範圍第1項之浴室乾燥機,其中在該換氣單元的換氣風路,設置從浴室以外之別室吸入空氣之複數個別室吸入口,並將換氣風扇配置於內部。 The bathroom dryer according to claim 1, wherein in the ventilation air passage of the ventilation unit, a plurality of individual chamber suction ports for taking in air from a chamber other than the bathroom are provided, and the ventilation fan is disposed inside.
TW100128647A 2011-03-23 2011-08-11 Bathroom dryer TWI439648B (en)

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TWI439648B true TWI439648B (en) 2014-06-01

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JP6691664B2 (en) * 2016-03-29 2020-05-13 Toto株式会社 Bathroom ventilation dryer
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CN103261803A (en) 2013-08-21
HK1186515A1 (en) 2014-03-14
WO2012127663A1 (en) 2012-09-27
TW201239288A (en) 2012-10-01
JP5460921B2 (en) 2014-04-02
JPWO2012127663A1 (en) 2014-07-24

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