TWI353525B - Apparatus, system, and method for autonomic contro - Google Patents

Apparatus, system, and method for autonomic contro Download PDF

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Publication number
TWI353525B
TWI353525B TW93134677A TW93134677A TWI353525B TW I353525 B TWI353525 B TW I353525B TW 93134677 A TW93134677 A TW 93134677A TW 93134677 A TW93134677 A TW 93134677A TW I353525 B TWI353525 B TW I353525B
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Taiwan
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system
client
grid
resource
module
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TW93134677A
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Chinese (zh)
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TW200532473A (en
Inventor
Joseph John Fatula Jr
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Ibm
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Priority to US10/735,938 priority Critical patent/US8332483B2/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F9/00Arrangements for program control, e.g. control units
    • G06F9/06Arrangements for program control, e.g. control units using stored programs, i.e. using an internal store of processing equipment to receive or retain programs
    • G06F9/46Multiprogramming arrangements
    • G06F9/50Allocation of resources, e.g. of the central processing unit [CPU]
    • G06F9/5061Partitioning or combining of resources
    • G06F9/5072Grid computing

Description

1353525 IX. Description of the Invention: [Technical Field of the Invention] The present invention relates to grid computing (gridCC) mputing, and more particularly to autonomic control of performance resources in a grid computing system. [Prior Art] Grid computing is a relatively new technology for calculating needles. Many current grid computing systems are designed to allow multiple interconnected computers, or node ones

Wmcuientai) Idle (10) processor time. In addition, grid computing systems can be used throughout the system. In this way, for example, the data can be stored in a virtual form, for example, in a backup form, and the jade node virtually stores a large amount of data. The sharing of multiple nodes in the system is stored remotely in the system, and the grid computing system is designed and implemented. The performance resources available for the network computing system are... The main problem is the riding source management. Management sources are very important to the system. Example

4 The old M/04137TW-two-grid-transport system can obtain many different storage and memory 'processing resources' from many nodes. However, these performance resources must be in an organized and productive way in the Akasaki grid system. Traditional grid systems generally provide a stimulus-response environment in which jobs (〇perati〇ns) and orders are simply executed in response to a given stimulus. For example, if a u-grid application requires a certain level of processor power or a particular amount of storage space, then simply allocate this amount of processor power or storage space for execution of the grid application. This type of stimulus-response environment, regardless of the dynamic nature of distributed operations, many of the performance resources in a decentralized operation can be dynamically allocated, reclaimed, reserved (spoken & ) and others. Because in this way, grid operations must be relatively simple to fit a simple stimulus-response environment. Therefore, there is a need for devices, greens, and methods that contribute to the autonomous control of performance resources on a preferred grid computing system. Advantageously, such a device, system, and method overcomes the current limitations of grid flipping and grid computing systems.

4 IBM/04137TW 1353525 [Description of the Invention] The present invention has evolved in response to the current state of the art, and in particular in response to the art, the problems and needs that are currently not fully addressed by grid computing systems are available: A device, system and method for autonomously managing grid system resources on a grid computing system, overcoming the shortcomings discussed above in many or all of the art. A device for autonomously managing grid system resources on a grid computing system, with logic units including a plurality of modules' necessary steps for functionally executing autonomous government grid system resources on a grid computing system. The modules in the embodiment include a global monitoring module, an overall policy (ρ〇1々) module, a general regulation module, and a total retention (reseryati〇n) module. , a general termination module, an overall arbitration (arbitrati〇n) module, and an overall set profile module. One of the systems of the present invention also provides for autonomous management of grid system resources on a grid computing system. The system can be implemented in a regional network, a wide area network, a combination of regional and wide area networks, one or more wireless networks, an internet based grid computing network, or any Other numbers of grid computing environments. In particular, in one embodiment, the system includes an overall self-management device

4IBM/04137TW ¢353525, a local (local) autonomous management device, a policy module, and an adjustment module. The system may further include a subscription manager to manage a subscription subscription for each client connected to the grid computing system. It also proposes a client for autonomously managing grid system resources on a grid computing system. In one embodiment, the client has a logic unit that includes a plurality of modules for functionally executing the steps necessary to autonomously control a grid system resource on a grid computing system. The modules in the embodiment include a client monitoring module, a client policy module, a guest notification module, a client configuration module, a client recycling module, and a guest. An initiati〇n module, a guest termination module, and a guest profile module. One method of the present invention is also proposed for autonomously managing grid system resources on a grid computing system. The method of the disclosed embodiments essentially comprises the steps required to perform the above-described functions with respect to the operations of the built-in and system. In one embodiment, the method includes monitoring one of a trigger event of the grid computing system; accessing one of a plurality of system policies; responding to a recognized (recognized) trigger event based on one of a plurality of system policies Resources. In one embodiment, a plurality of mothers of the Orthodox Orthodox one correspond to a job control parameter of a system resource of the grid computing system. In addition, the trigger event can be a start trigger event, an adjustment trigger event, or a predictive trigger event.

4 Old M/04137TW 1353525 This method may also include retaining system resources for a grid system job, - the grid system job termination source - reservation, according to - arbitration policy arbitration conflict (conflicting grid system operations, and storage one System resource profile. In a real yoke example, the system resource profile identification (identi) is configured to a guest resource of the grid system. One embodiment of the present invention advantageously allows dynamic configuration of performance resources from a host in a grid computing environment. Moreover, another embodiment of the present invention advantageously allows the 'client' to self-configure and recover performance resources in a grid computing system. Further embodiments advantageously enable the overall autonomous management device to autonomously retain configured performance resources to specific grid applications and jobs. The features, advantages, or similar expressions referred to throughout this specification and + meaning that all of the features and advantages that may be achieved by the present invention should be made at or in itb. Rather, the expression of these features and advantages is to be understood as meaning that one of the features, advantages, or characteristics of the present invention is included in at least the embodiments of the present invention. Thus, the discussion of features, advantages, and similar expressions throughout the specification may be referred to, but not necessarily, to the same embodiments.

4IBM/04137TW -10- In addition, the features, advantages and features of the invention are combined in any suitable manner with - or more embodiments. Those skilled in the art will recognize that the invention can be implemented as a no--implementation-money-like ship point. In the examples, it will be recognized that there are additional features and advantages in certain embodiments that may not be present in all embodiments of the invention. These features and advantages of the present invention will become more fully apparent from the following description and appended claims. [Embodiment] Many of the functional units described in this specification have been labeled as modules to more particularly emphasize their implementation independence. For example, a module can be implemented as a hard circuit 'containing a custom ultra-large integrated circuit (VLSI) or a closed array, and the existing material is like a logic chip, a transistor, or other separate components. A module can also be implemented in a programmable hardware device such as a field programmable gate array, programmable array logic, a programmable device or the like. Modules can also be implemented as software 'for different types of processors. The executable code - the group of known identities may, for example, comprise computer instructions - or more entities or blocks, which may for example be organized into - objects, programs, or functions. _, one knows

4IBM/04137TW -11 - Executables of ex-modules (exeeutables) Μ Entity is intertwined, and different instructions can be stored in different locations, logically combined, including this module and module Achieve the intended purpose. Indeed, the 'executable code' module can be a single_instruction, or many instructions, and can even be spread over several eode segments, solitary programs, and across several memory devices. Similarly, 'work in the text (4) can be identified and not in the form of a module towel' and can be implemented in any suitable form, and the domain is in any suitable type of data structure. This operation can be collected into a single-please group, or Dispersed in different locations, contained in different storage locations, in different memory devices, and can exist, at least in part, as electronic signals on a system or network. In addition, the module can also be implemented as a combination of a soft body and one or more hardware devices. For example, the remainder can be implemented as a combination of storage-memory hard-to-software executable code. The step-by-step method can be used to make a combination of - and II on the group work data. Further, the step--module can be used as a combination of electronic signals transmitted through the transmission circuit. References to "an embodiment", "an embodiment", or the like, as used throughout this specification, mean that the particular features, structures, or characteristics described in connection with this embodiment are

4IBM/04137TW -12- 1353525 is included in at least an embodiment of the present invention. Thus, appearances of the phrase "in one embodiment", "the embodiment", and <RTIgt; </ RTI> <RTIgt; </ RTI> <RTIgt; </ RTI> <RTIgt; </ RTI> <RTIgt; The features, structures or characteristics of the invention may be combined in any suitable manner in the embodiment or embodiments. The following instructions provide a number of specific details, such as programs, software modules, user selection, network transactions (netw〇rk φ transaction), database queries, database structures, databases, hardware modules, hardware Examples of circuits, hardware chips, and the like, are fully understood to provide one of the embodiments of the invention. However, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the invention may be practiced without one or more specific details, or by other methods, components, materials, and the like. In other instances, well-known structures, materials, or operations have not been shown or described in detail to avoid obscuring aspects of the invention. Figure 1 depicts a grid system 100 including a grid server 丨 02 connected to a plurality of clients 104-110, or nodes, via a communication channel 112. The exemplary grid system 100 is similar to a regional network, and in one embodiment, the communication channel 112 can be an Ethernet communication channel, a wireless communication channel, or other equal communication channel. Similarly, communication channel Π2 can include one of a combination of different types of communication channels. Although the depicted green grid system 1〇〇 contains a grid server 1〇2 and four

4IBM/04137TW Client 1〇4-110' Grid System, System 1〇〇 can contain different network configurations with fewer or more clients 104, or other server configurations ^ One combination. In the step-by-step embodiment, the grid system 1GG may also include a subscription processor (not shown) as described with reference to FIG. In one embodiment, the grid server 102 can serve as a subscription manager for the grid system 100 at the same time. In an embodiment, grid system 100 is provided for execution-mesh applications. - Grid Application - A collection of work items that are achieved - a specific goal. For example, the Grid application can determine very complex mathematical calculations, including weather forecasting, stock market development, etc... Grid programs can also handle large-scale multimedia jobs. 3 f Instances can be A large number of data execution = shell material preparation f / J operation. Each of these solutions, the Execution-Grid application may require the cooperation of several nodes 1G4_11G in the Grid System 1GG. A grid should be divided into a single unit of the workpiece red. Several artifacts of a grid application can be executed simultaneously (c〇nc_tly), continuously (five), or co-dependently on different nodes 1〇4〇 one or more sections 104 110 Each—a level of performance resources will be configured for the grid system to execute the grid application. These performance resources available to the client 1〇4·11〇 can include processor performance (capabmiy), processor performance

4IBM/04137TW -14, 1353525 (capacity), storage capacity, memory capacity, and other similar sources of poverty. In an embodiment, a client 1 〇 七 将 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 The parent k 104-110 can be used as a source (s〇urce) client or as a resource client depending on the role of the client in a special grid application. For example, the client 104-110 launches the grid application, and the client 1〇4-11〇 acts as a source client. The other is that the guest 赖 〇 〇 局 局 局 杂 贝 贝 — — — — — — 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端 远端In the case of the job, it is difficult for the source client to back up the data—or more resources on the client, and the resource client is configured for such a backup grid—some available age to the grid system. In the first embodiment, in addition to the network 100 as the server 102, the grid server 102 can also be used as a client on the grid system 100 to enable the grid application in the system. And make regional performance resources available to grid system 100. ~ Figure-Riding-Grid System Another Embodiment 200 is similar to some of the grid system 100 of Figure 1. This exemplary grid system 200 operates on the Internet

In 4IBM/04137TW -15 1353525, this exemplary overall autonomic manager 300 is used to assist in the autonomous control of performance resources on the grid system 100. In one embodiment, the overall autonomic manager 3 includes a central processing unit (CPU) 302, a regional storage device 304, a user interface 306, a network interface 308, a memory 310, and An overall autonomous management device 312. The central processing unit 〇2 is in the overall autonomic manager 300, typically for performing work. In one embodiment, the user interface 306 allows a user to interact with the overall autonomic manager 3, including inputting data and commands from a user and communicating output data to the user. In one embodiment, the network interface 308 is provided to facilitate network communication of the overall autonomous manager 300 on the communication channel 112 of the mesh network. In the embodiment, the area memory 310 is used to store some data and metadata slots that can be used with the autonomous control of the grid performance resources. Further, in the embodiment, "these" and the element (4) are difficult - all of which can be copied in the area storage means 304. In a further embodiment, all or all of the data and metadata files may be exclusively used in the area storage device 304, rather than in the memory 310. Similarly, these data and metadata files can be stored in combination with one of the area memory 310 and the storage unit 。4. In another embodiment, the data and the metadata slot - or all of the scattered storage towels that can be stored on the grid system 1 〇 0. The description of the miscellaneous notes refers to "counties", and the present invention is rationalized.

4IBM/04137TW -17- is implemented in a manner substantially the same as using other electronic memory and storage structures. Reference to a data file or a metadata file is understood to mean equally such other electronic memory and storage structures. In particular, memory 310 can store a system resource profile 314, one or more system prediction policies 316, one or more system conditioning policies 318, one or more system termination policies 32, and one or more Multi-system arbitration policy 321,. In one embodiment, system resource profile 314 is used to store one or more parameters indicating that a particular performance resource is being used or configured for the grid system. In one embodiment, the system prediction policy 316 is used to define one or more prediction trigger events and to indicate which action response the overall autonomic manager 3GG is to take - the predicted prediction trigger event. Similarly, in one embodiment, the system adjustment policy 318 is used to define one or more adjustment trigger events and to indicate which action the overall processor is to take in response to an identified event. Similarly, in an embodiment, The system termination policy 320 is for definition - or more termination trigger events and indicates which action the overall autonomic manager 300 is to take in response to an identified termination trigger event. Additionally, in one embodiment, the system arbitration policy is for milk storage - or more Arbitration policy, which refers to the action taken by the overall autonomic manager - the identified conflict.

4IBM/04137TW -18· 1353525—The triggering event may include any of the actions of the above policies 316, 318, 320, 321 . For example, a trigger event may include a change in the data stream, a change in time, a scheduled time, a grid job, a client job, an automatic job, a manual job, and a user. Requires, or changes or combinations of these and other types of clients, grids, users, and other monitored actions. In one embodiment, the overall autonomous management device 312 is provided to assist in the autonomous control of performance resources on the grid system. The exemplary autonomous management device 312 includes an overall monitoring module 322, an overall policy module 324, and an overall adjustment module 326. In one embodiment, the overall monitoring module 322 is used to monitor one of the triggering events of the grid system, which is defined by the system prediction, adjustment, or termination policies 316, 318, 32A. In one embodiment, the overall policy module 324 is for allowing a user to access and predict, adjust, or terminate policies 316, 318, 320. In one embodiment, the overall adjustment module 312 is operative to respond to an identified trigger event in accordance with the system prediction, adjustment, or termination policy 316, 318, 320', autonomously D performance resources on the grid system 1GG. The overall adjustment module 326 is depicted

4IBM/04137TW -19· includes an overall reservation module 328, an overall termination module 330, an overall arbitration module 332, and an overall profile module 334. In one embodiment, the overall reservation module 328 is used to reserve the grid system 1 for a performance resource for a particular grid application or grid system operation. In one embodiment, a similar manner, the overall termination module 330, terminates the retention of performance resources of a particular grid application. In this manner, the overall autonomic management device 312 can dispatch and unconfigure certain configured performance resources on the grid system 1 for execution of a particular grid application or artifact. In the embodiment, the overall arbitration module 332 is used for arbitration application of grid application requirements and conflicting performance assignments. For example, the overall secondary group 332 may temporarily suspend the assignment or execution assigned to one of the currently used ones of the resources. In the advanced embodiment, the overall arbitration module is available for arbitrating conflicting grid system operations and regional client operations. For example, it is possible that a client 104-110 can reclaim a performance resource that was previously assigned to the grid system for use. In this barrier, it may be necessary to re-execute the mesh of the towel, or to assign an alternate performance resource to complete the placed grid job.

In the example only, the overall slave module can be used to manage the system resource setting 4BM/04137TW -20· file 314. In one embodiment, the overall profile module 334 can track the available performance resources throughout the grid system 100. In a further embodiment, the overall profile module 334 can also track the use of available performance resources on the grid system 100. In addition, the overall set slot module 334 can be used to synchronize the system resource setting slot 314 with a similar profile on one or more of the clients 104-110. Figure 4 depicts an embodiment 400 of a client that can operate as a source client or a resource guest in a grid system. The overall autonomic manager 300' client 400 of FIG. 3 includes a central processing unit 402, a regional storage device 404, a user interface 406, a network interface 408, and a memory 410. The exemplary client 400 also includes an area autonomous management device 412. The central processing unit 402, user interface 406, and network interface 408 of the guest 400 are substantially similar to the central processing unit 302, user interface 306, and network interface 308 of the overall autonomic manager 300. In one embodiment, the memory 410 is operable to store a client resource profile 414, one or more client prediction policies 416, one or more client activation policies 418, one or more client policy policies 420, and One or more client termination policies 422. The guest resource profile 414 can be similar to the system resource profile 314 of the overall autonomous manager 300. However, the client resource profile 414 is for storage one or

4IBM/04137TW -21 - 1353525 More parameters indicating that the client 400 is used for the specific performance resources of the grid system. For example, the client can use a grid application for bandwidth, storage, memory, processor cycles, on/off devices, and the like. The client prediction policy 416, the guest adjustment policy 420, and the client termination policy 422 can be similar to the system prediction policy 316, the system adjustment policy 318, and the system termination policy 322, respectively, on the overall autonomic manager 300. For example, the client prediction policy 416 can include a policy to require the overall autonomous management device 312 to expect a grid application from one of the requesting clients 400 to retain grid performance resources. However, as far as the client performance resources of the grid system 100 are concerned, these client tables 416, 420, 422 are unique to the guest 400. For example, the client adjustment policy 420 can include policies that adjust the configuration of the client φ performance resources based on the amount of grid work originating from the client 400. In one embodiment, if the guest 4 starts a large number of grid system operations, the client 400 configures additional performance resources to the grid system 100 in accordance with a guest adjustment policy 420. In one embodiment, the client launch policy 416 includes a policy indication to respond to a given start trigger event 'what the client 400 is to take. For example, the client

4IBM/04137TW -22- 1353525 Policy 416 may include policies that are adjusted when a grid application is launched. For example, the &amp;&apos; end-of-end policy 416 may indicate that the grid application is initiated only after a working period, during a lunch period, when each end processor is idle for a particular time, and the like. In one embodiment, the exemplary zone autonomous management device 412 is available to assist in the autonomous control of the source on the grid system 100. The continuous area autonomous management device 4 丨 2 includes a client monitoring module 424, a client policy module 426, a guest notification module 428, and a client adjustment module 43A. In the real red case, the 'client monitoring module 424 is used to monitor the client 4 to determine whether there is a client-side prediction, start, rev, or termination policy 416., 418, 420, 422. In an embodiment, the client policy module 426 is for allowing a user to access and define client prediction, launch, adjustment, or termination policies. 118, #420, 422. - In the embodiment, the 'client notification module 428 is used to notify the overall autonomic manager 300 about the activity on the client 400', such as the modification of the client f source set 414, the start of the grid program, the grid should Bribery termination section. In the Palladium Palladium case, the guest adjustment module 430 is responsive to an identified trigger event&apos; and based on the client prediction, activation, adjustment, or termination policy 4i6, 418, -23- 1

The old M/04137TW P53525 2' comes from the performance resource of the main ground adjustment client. The illustrated green client switch 430 includes a guest configuration module 432, a guest recovery module _, a guest startup module 436, a guest termination mode button, and a module 440. # • Page dead example 414 414, _ Na toilet group 432 is provided for the configuration of the client resource - the secret resource to the grid system (10). As mentioned above, the guest performance poor source can be any performance resource that the guest 400 can make the grid system work available, including the storage secret, the customer sense width, the guest stability drive, the guest support, and the guest memory. In the embodiment, in a similar manner, the client recycling module manages the storage performance resource for one of the grid systems. Recycling a guest-side performance resource makes the grid system and system unavailable. Thus, the overall autonomic management device 312 cannot be retained via the overall reservation module 328 - the reclaimed guest performance resources, sources. As such, the regional autonomic management split 412 can configure and reclaim performance on the grid system, such as when the guest does not use such performance resources. In one example, the guest launch module 436 is configured to initiate a grid application on the grid system (8) in response to a start trigger event and in accordance with the guest launch policy 418'. Similarly, in one embodiment, the client termination module 438 terminates the client 4 to launch a grid application in response to a termination trigger event and in accordance with the client termination policy 422.

4IBM/04137TW • 24-- In one embodiment, the guest profile module 440 is available to manage the guest resource profile 414. In one embodiment, the guest profile module 440 can track the configured guest performance resources. In a further embodiment, the client profile module 440 can also track the use of configured guest performance resources. In addition, the client profile module 44 is operable to synchronize the client resource profile 414 with the system resource profile 314 on the overall autonomous manager 300. The schematic flow diagrams below are generally referred to as logic flow diagrams. Thus, the depicted order and labeled steps are indicative of one embodiment of the present. Other steps and procedures that are equivalent in function, logic or effect are conceivable. In addition, the format and symbology used are provided to explain the logical steps of the program and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the program. Similarly, although various types of arrows and types of lines may be used in the flowcharts, they are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the corresponding program. Indeed, certain arrows or other links will only be used to indicate the logical flow of the program. By way of example, an arrow may indicate a waiting or monitoring period for an unspecified duration between enumerated steps of the depicted program. Figure 5 depicts an embodiment 5 of an autonomous boot method that can be used by the regional autonomous management device 412 on the guest 400. Illustrating the autonomous start method 5 〇〇 Start 502 monitors 504 at the guest 400 - initiates a trigger event. In an embodiment,

4IBM/04137TW -25-1353525 The client 400 uses the guest monitoring mode 424 to monitor a start trigger event. In one embodiment, the 'start trigger event' is defined by one of the client launch policies 418. The autonomous boot method 500 continues 506 to monitor 504 - the trigger event is initiated until the client 400 recognizes a defined alert event. The client 400 then launches the appropriate grid application, as indicated by the guest launch policy 418. In one embodiment, the guest 400 uses the guest launch module 436 to launch the grid application φ and notify the overall autonomic manager 3 via the client notification module 428. The client 400 then executes the grid application on the grid system (8) until the grid application completes 514. The depicted autonomous boot method 5 then ends 516. Figure 6 depicts an embodiment 6 of an autonomous adjustment method that may be used by the overall autonomous management device 312 on the overall autonomous official 300 or the regional autonomous management device 412 on the client. The exemplary self-regulating method _ starts 6〇2 in the same manner as the above-described autonomous starting method φ method 500. In fact, in one embodiment, the autonomous adjustment method 600 starts the 610 grid application in the same steps 6〇4, 6〇6, 6〇8 as the autonomous startup method 5〇〇. However, when the grid application job executes 612 on the grid system 1 and before the grid application completes 614, the autonomous adjustment method 6 monitors the grid system

4 Old M/04137TW • 26- P53525, · First 100 one of the trigger events. In one embodiment, the client 4 (8) can use the guest monitoring module 424 to monitor an adjustment trigger event. In a further embodiment, the overall autonomic manager 300 can use the overall monitoring module 322 to monitor an adjustment trigger event. In one embodiment, the adjustment trigger event is defined by the client adjustment policy 42. Alternatively, the adjustment trigger event can be defined by one of the system adjustment policies 318. If an adjustment trigger event is not recognized 618, the grid application continues to execute normally. However, if the identification trigger event is identified 618, the autonomous adjustment method 6 adjusts the 62〇 performance resource according to the corresponding guest adjustment policy 42 or the system adjustment policy 318. - Implementing the self-study method _ can reserve additional performance resources for the grid application, or adjust the 620 performance resources by terminating the existing performance resource reservation. Alternatively, the autonomous adjustment method can be used to adjust 620 performance resources by configuring or reclaiming guest performance resources, or even terminating the grid application through the client termination module 438. Grid system 100, continue to execute the grid application, undergoes autonomous adjustment by invoked (invoked), the Lang grid application is not completely hacked by the client ~ stomach self-care $ 3 〇〇 termination ' or until the grid application is completed 614 . The depicted autonomous adjustment method 6〇〇 then ends 622.

4IBM/04137TW -27- 1353525 FIG. 7 depicts an embodiment 700 of an autonomous prediction method that may be used by the overall autonomous management device 312 on the overall autonomous manager 300 or the regional autonomous bureaucracy 412 on the client. In one embodiment, the autonomous prediction method 7 is invoked after a network application is launched. In a further embodiment, the autonomous prediction method 700 can be invoked prior to identifying 508, 608 - initiating a triggering event, as described with reference to Figures 5 and 6. The exemplary autonomous prediction method 700 begins with a monitoring of 7〇4 a prediction trigger event. In one embodiment, the guest 400 can use the guest monitoring module 424 to monitor for a triggering event. In an advanced embodiment, the overall autonomic manager 3 can use the overall monitoring mode, group 322 to monitor a predicted triggering event. - In an embodiment, the predicted triggering event is defined by one of the client prediction policies 416. Alternatively, the predicted triggering event can be defined by one of the system prediction policies 316. The autonomous prediction method 700 continues to monitor a predicted trigger event until the client 400 recognizes a defined predicted trigger event. The client tears down to adjust the performance of the claws or the grid system, as indicated by the prediction policy 416 or the system prediction policy 316, respectively. In the embodiment, the self-test method 7(8) is used to adjust the 710 performance resource by simply resolving the existing performance #source reservation. Another way is

4IBM/04137TW 1353525 The primary prediction method 700 can adjust or reserve 710 performance resources via the guest configuration module 432 and the guest recovery module 434' to configure or recycle the guest performance resources, respectively. In addition, the client 400 can notify the overall autonomous manager 3 of the performance poor source configuration and the client resource profile 4丨4 via the client notification module 428. The depicted autonomous prediction method 700 then ends. As an example of the scooping method 500, 600, 700, the overall autonomic manager can monitor the performance of the grid on the leak. When monitoring the performance of the grid, the overall adjustment module 326 can adjust the system adjustment policy 318 to increase the amount of performance resources allocated to the grid/program if the overall performance begins to slow down. For example, a movie studio can perform a show rendering of a mosquito expiration date. On the face of the deadline, the squad of the industry may decide to increase the available guest performance resources of the grid system. In one embodiment, the application of the f-grid application increases the performance resources of the network (four) and other clients on the brain. Thus, the adjustment policy 318 defines the response to the request of the source. In addition, the overall autonomous management device is used to delete the client and the 4GG management grid application. In an embodiment, the requirements for increasing the performance resources can be autonomously generated according to the definition of the planning restriction and the deadline. .

4 Old M/04137TW • 29· 1353525 In another embodiment, a high-order adjustment policy 318 can be defined to change the performance resources available to the grid system just before the guest based on the overall performance of the grid system. For example, using the same performance example above, an adjustment policy 318 may allow the guest 4GG to dynamically reclaim the guest performance resources, provided that the show grid application does not currently use the configured guest performance resources. Similarly, when they are required to perform additional performance cans, they can be reconfigured to the show grid application. This is an example of a dynamic adjustment policy 318. Many other autonomous predictive, initiating, regulating, terminating, and arbitration policies can be used in a variety of grid systems 100 and application environments. For example, the policy can be defined - on/off control. In another embodiment, the policy may define a proportional control. That is, if demand increases or decreases, resources can be configured or recycled according to demand. In another embodiment, the required step-change, time delay (delay) or phase policy. For example, the degree of suitability or resource availability and configuration can be tailored to a certain period of time. Regarding forecasting policies, the overall autonomic manager can collect and use history or other information to predict - specific load, resource availability, resource allocation, etc.

4IBM/04137TW -30· Time can change. For example, the area processing load on the client can adversely affect the performance resource availability on the grid system at some point in the mother's day. The 1 test policy allows the overall autonomous manager and the client to raise the expectation of a typical poor source. The geodetic grid should be miscellaneous and secret. This can include delaying the grid or making the tank lie less effective. Detailed forecasting, initiation, adjustment, termination, and arbitration policies are not limited to any specific policies, control algorithms, and so on. In the example, the policy change in the overall autonomic manager 300 or the client 400 can be linked to the subscripticm manager 212. In one embodiment, the subscription manager 212 can adjust the fee based on changes in service. In another embodiment, the subscription official 212 can avoid specific or overall changes in the policy. For example, a company may have used a grid system to touch and choose to contribute a certain level of performance resources. The fees charged to the company can be fixed to the upper and/or lower limit (thresh〇ld) of the grid application requirements and the level of performance resources contributed, corresponding to specific financial or other business criteria. In a further embodiment, the subscription official 2 can block possible changes in one or more policies based on these limits. Further to the subscription ruler 212, in an embodiment, the subscription manager 212

4IBM/04137TW • 31 - 1353525 is a device for managing the information collected, used or generated during the process of determining user fees. 'Control service level' control service use 'control performance resource contribution, etc., the above service month A grid application, from or to a customer, company, etc. In an embodiment, the subscription manager 212 can serve at least two purposes. First, it can determine the usage fee charged to a user based on the user's use of the grid resources and/or the user's resource for the grid. The second subscription manager 212 can control access to, use, usage, etc. of the grid system and grid resources. The subscription management module 212 can also control the configuration, contribution level, etc. of the guest performance resources to the grid system 100 based on the autonomy policies described herein. In order to customize the subscription of the different client 400 to the grid system 100, the subscription management utility can create and store a client profile, an overall profile, and a guest profile. In an embodiment, the overall profile of the subscription manager 212 may contain information about the configuration and use of the source, such that the particular customer determines the usage fee. In the example, the overall configuration of the $5 is used for all the grid systems, and the performance resources of the system 100 and the client 4 are universal ((4)). In the usual example, the customer setting slot contains the associated overall profile to a specific customer.

Information on 4IBM/04137TW -32- 1353525. The customer profile can aggregate information about a particular customer's information about the customer performance resource configuration and the regional call grid application. The customer profile can be used to determine the overall fee charged to a customer. Similarly, in an embodiment, the customer profile in the subscription manager 212 may contain similar information corresponding to a particular client 400. In the embodiment, the subscription manager 212 is based on the client as a grid application, one of the instant, average, maximum, minimum, planned, reserved, spike, etc. of the grid system. Use more to determine the usage fee. In another embodiment, the subscription manager 212 can track the guest performance resource configuration of a guest 400 to the grid system. The subscription manager 212 can track one or more of the instant, average, maximum, minimum, planned, reserved, spike, etc. of the contribution level. In a further embodiment, the subscription manager 212 tracks one or more of the listed factors in combination. In another embodiment, the subscription manager 212 can monitor and control the execution of an autonomy policy by an overall autonomic manager 300 or client 400. For example, a company can use a grid system 100 for a backup retrieval (re eve) grid application. To reduce costs, the company may decide to contribute performance resources to the grid system 100 from each of the connected clients. If a user decides to reclaim a configured performance tribute for a particular client and reduces its contribution to zero, the subscription manager 212 may change

4IBM/04137TW -33- Change the client terminal and customer profile to determine the appropriate fee. Based on the overall profile of the subscription manager 212, the overall autonomic manager 3 of the grid system can maintain upper and lower limits for performance resource configuration&apos; thereby avoiding such recycling of all configured resources. In another embodiment, the subscription manager 212 can control a client 4 or an overall autonomic manager 300 to request a policy change. The subscription manager Μ) client profile avoids some changes in resource configuration or client-side grid applications. For example, a client profile can have a limit on a customer's billing (biUing) fee. If these rules have been exceeded, the subscription manager 212 can block certain uses of a client terminal. The present invention may be embodied in the spirit of the invention or the nature of the invention. Therefore, the scope of the present invention is indicated by the above-mentioned item _ aforementioned. All changes that fall within the meaning and scope of the claim should be included in its scope. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In order to make the advantages of the present invention easy to understand, a more detailed description of the invention will be briefly described with reference to the specific embodiments illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

4 IBM/04137TW -34- 1353525 The drawings are merely illustrative of typical embodiments of the invention and are therefore not to be considered as limiting the scope of the invention. 1 is a schematic block diagram illustrating one embodiment of a grid system in accordance with the present invention; FIG. 2 is a schematic block diagram illustrating another embodiment of a grid system in accordance with the present invention; 1 is a schematic block diagram illustrating an embodiment of a general autonomous manager in accordance with the present invention; FIG. 4 is a schematic block diagram illustrating an embodiment of a guest terminal in accordance with the present invention; 1 is a schematic flow chart illustrating an embodiment of an autonomous adjustment method according to the present invention, and a schematic flow chart of FIG. 7 exemplifying an autonomous prediction method according to the present invention. An embodiment.

4IBM/04137TW -35- 1353525 [Main component symbol description] 100 grid system 104-110 guest 200 grid system 204 network system 208 client 212 subscription manager 300 overall autonomous manager 304 area storage device 308 network Interface 312 overall autonomous management device 316 system prediction policy 320 system termination policy 322 overall monitoring module 326 overall adjustment module 330 overall termination module 334 overall profile module 400 client 404 region storage device 408 network interface 102 grid servo 112 communication channel 202 internet 206 network system 210 client 302 central processing unit 306 user interface 310 memory 314 system resource configuration file 318 system adjustment policy 321 system arbitration policy 324 overall policy module 328 overall retention module 332 The overall arbitration module 402 central processing unit 406 user interface 410 memory

4IBM/04137TW -36- 1353525 412 regional self-management device 416 client prediction policy 420 client adjustment policy 424 client monitoring module 428 client notification module 432 client configuration module 436 client startup module 440 client setting File module 414 client resource configuration file 418 client activation policy 422 client termination policy 426 client policy module 430 client adjustment module 434 client recovery module 438 client termination module

4 old M/04137TW -37-

Claims (1)

1353525 X. Patent application scope: Request item 1. 1 autonomy (take _〇 management device for self-management-grid (5)) System resources on the transport system, this device contains. - Monitor (face toi module) One of the triggering events (triggerevent) for monitoring the grid computing system; - a policy (_cy) module for accessing one of a plurality of system policies: - the plurality of system policies corresponding to one of the grid computing systems An operation control parameter of the system resource; and an if module 'for one of the plurality of system policies, shouting an identified (employment) trigger event to autonomously adjust the system resources. The health of claim 1, wherein the trigger event comprises one of an initiation trigger event, an adjustment trigger event, and a prediction trigger event. 3. As described in claim 1. The device control parameter includes a command to adjust the system resources. 4IBM/04137TW • 38- • The device as described in the request, the source code source includes the configuration to the grid computing system - the client At One of the devices described in Item 1, wherein the adjustment module includes a reserved ((10) ervation) module for retention (10) - Grid System * Ρ 6. The cleavage of claim 1, wherein the adjustment module includes a termination module and is reserved for one of the _^_ sources of a grid system. The method of claim 1, wherein the adjustment module includes a - arbitration U-ii module for operating in accordance with the "thief policy" arbitration conflict grid system. For example, the device according to Item 1 of the present invention includes a setting profile group for storage-system resource configuration file, and the system resource profile identification (identification)-dientkn g, the system resources are configured by the client to the grid computing system. 4 Old M/04137TW *39- one of the guest processor performance, a client storage capacity, and a client memory capacity The device of claim 10 further includes a reclamati module for recycling to be a client resource of one system resource. The device according to claim 10 further includes a startup. The module, for returning a trigger event, launching an application. The device of claim 10 further includes a termination module for returning an event that should be triggered to terminate an application. Further included is a profile module for storing a client resource profile, the client resource profile identifying a client resource, the client resource being configured by the client to the grid computing system. Device, wherein the complex The client policy includes a guest end policy, a guest initiation policy, a guest adjustment policy, and a client termination policy, etc. 4IBM/04137TW •41 - 1353525 At least part of the basic _ the autonomous adjustment. The method of °, package 2 -. - Surface autonomic management - system resources on the grid computing system include: monitoring one of the grid computing system trigger events; accessing multiple systems One of the policies, each of the plurality of system policies corresponds to the grid computing system - the system resource - the operation control is first and the system response is adjusted according to one of the plurality of system policies. Triggering the source industry to retain 22. The method described in claim 2, further includes retaining one of the system resources for a grid system job termination. 23· - for self-management - grid system on the grid computing system The resource method includes: 4IBM/04137TW -43· monitoring one of the grid computing system trigger events, the trigger event includes a start trigger event, an adjustment trigger event, and a prediction One of the three events: accessing one of a plurality of system policies, each of the plurality of system policies corresponding to a job control parameter of a system resource of the grid computing system, the job control parameter including a command to adjust The system resource; in response to an identified trigger event, adjusting the system resource according to one of the plurality of system policies, wherein the system resource includes a client processor performance configured to the network computing system, and a guest storage capacity And one of the client memory capacity, etc.; storing a system resource profile, the system resource profile identifies a client resource, and the age carrier finances the ship to the grid computing system. A method for reading a stored memory (including a computer readable code) for performing a self-management-system resource on a grid computing system, comprising: i seeing a trigger event of the grid computing system; accessing reading (10) And the policy---each of the plural policy-to-Hai grid computing system--system resources-operation control parameters; and 4IBM/04137TW-44-1353525 pieces are adjusted according to one of the plural system policies The system resources. Responding to a recognized triggering event 25. The triggering event and a predictive triggering computer as described in claim 24 can read the erroneous media, including a start trigger event, an adjustment trigger event, and an event. One. 26. The computer readable storage medium of claim 24, wherein the method further comprises retaining the system resources for a grid system job. 27. The method as claimed in claim 24, wherein the method further comprises retaining one of the system resources for a grid system job termination. 28. The computer readable storage body as claimed in claim 24, Where the method is more φ includes arbitrating the conflict grid system operation according to an arbitration policy. The computer-readable storage medium of claim 24, wherein the method further comprises a storage-system resource setting floor, the system resource setting slot identifying a client-system resource, wherein the system resource is configured by the client Give the grid computing system. 4IBM/04137TW -45- 1353525 30. - A device for autonomous management - grid system resources on a grid computing system, comprising: - monitoring means for monitoring the grid computing system - triggering events; - access means 'for accessing a plurality of system policies, each of the plurality of system policies corresponding to a job control parameter of a system resource of the grid computing system; and a tuning means for responding according to one of the plurality of system policies 1. The trigger event has been identified and the system resources are adjusted.
4IBM/04137TW -46-
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