TWI308882B - Structure of a power tool turret mechanism with twin knife discs - Google Patents

Structure of a power tool turret mechanism with twin knife discs Download PDF

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TWI308882B
TWI308882B TW96114702A TW96114702A TWI308882B TW I308882 B TWI308882 B TW I308882B TW 96114702 A TW96114702 A TW 96114702A TW 96114702 A TW96114702 A TW 96114702A TW I308882 B TWI308882 B TW I308882B
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Taiwan
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shaft
power
cutter
clutch
seat
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TW96114702A
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Chinese (zh)
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TW200841984A (en
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Yung Hsiang Lu
Ping Shuo Lin
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Factory Automation Technology
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1308882 九、發明說明: 【發明所屬之技術領域】 本發明係有關於一種雙刀盤動力刀塔座結構,尤指 一種利用單一動力源而可驅動主轴、或傳動動力刀座或 選取内、外刀盤轉動進行選刀作動之使用為首先應用發 明者。 【先前技術】 按,發明人於前申請有一公告第584581號一種雙 刀塔之刀塔座結構,由動力切換裝置分別將動力傳遞至 _ 外齒環或中心轴使内、外刀塔可分別驅動旋轉作選刀之 操作,使之可以作為加工機之加工;其特徵在於: 該動力切換裝置由動力源、旋套、傳動軸及傳動轴 套組成;動力源為伺服馬達,其出力轴固設有一傘齒輪 可與旋套上的傘齒輪嚙合,活動樞設的旋套内套設有傳 動轴及傳動轴套,並分別以嚙合齒與該旋套内孔的嚙合 齒可作嗤合或分開使動力傳至傳動軸或傳動軸套上,再 分別由傳動轴及傳動軸套另端的小齒輪及齒輪之後再 • 與内、外刀塔上固接的外齒環及中心軸上的齒輪作嚙 合,使内、外刀塔可分別作旋轉驅動進行選刀之操作, 其中,傳動軸上固設有一活塞可由管路供應進退動力以 驅動傳動軸及傳動軸套作位移以切換動力之傳遞,以分 別控制内、外刀塔的轉動作選刀的操作。 及另一申請第093116507號一種雙刀盤動力刀塔座 結構,主要係於機座之中心軸一端設有齒座,另一端設 有受動力源及時規皮帶所帶動之傳動部,而中心軸中段 處係套設有連接空壓或油壓動力源而控制可左右位移 5 1308882 之活塞轴套,於活塞轴套上係等距設有活動桿,活動桿 一端對應套固有環套,而於環套處對應頂掣一位於盤座 之内環離合爪處的推桿,且該推桿直接對應於内刀盤中 之動力驅動座結構,該動力驅動座結構由轉軸、樞接 軸、外齒輪座、離合齒環座所構成,其中: 該轉軸一端係設有齒部,該齒部可對應離合齒環座 之齒部而嚅合或分開,而另一端則為接頭;該樞接軸一 端係對應轉轴之接頭而設有卡接部,再於樞接軸對應推 桿處設有一頂撐孔,係供推桿前進頂入樞接軸頂撐孔 内,而可令樞接軸上升位移帶動轉轴齒部上升,而於枢 接軸另一端係設有彈性件;該外齒輪座設有齒座對應中 心軸齒座而相互唾合,而該外齒輪座同時對應套設在轉 轴之外部,且二者間設有一彈性件,另該轉轴可於外齒 輪座内滑動位移及對應轉動;該離合齒環座一端係對應 轉轴齒部而設有齒部,另一端則可對應組設傳動座; 藉此,可使中心軸活塞軸套座動,而令活動桿、推 桿前進、後退,使動力結構之轉軸可嚙合或脫離離合齒 環座,以分別進行更換離合齒環座及令直角動力座之工 具刀鑽孔之動作者。 而該上述二結構之動力源僅為供動力切換裝置於 控制内、外刀塔(盤)的轉動作選刀的驅動,而其主軸上 需有另一動力源來作驅動主軸轉動的動力,所以,於機 台上基本上需要有兩動力源,其缺點如下: 1. 兩動力源之設置,在製作的成本上較高。 2. 兩動力源之設置,較佔空間相對整體之體積變大。 3. 需有切換開關來控制兩馬達先後順序的帶動傳動軸 6 1308882 或中心轴及配合離合器來分別選擇内、外刀塔的轉 動。 4.轴距較短與機台過於接近,僅能正軸向組裝刀具組來 進行加工,若反向組裝會令刀具干預機台,使而刀具 及機台兩者受損。 有鑑於此,本發明人即是鑒於上述刀塔座結構於實 際製作及實施使用上的缺失之處,而加以修正、改良, 同時本著求好之精神及理念,並藉由專業之知識、經驗 的輔助,以及在多方巧思、試驗後,方創設出本發明, 以提供一種雙刀盤動力刀塔座結構,以改善現有技術同 時節省產製成本之費用者。 【發明内容】 爰是,本發明係有關於一種雙刀盤動力刀塔座結 構,主要係於機台組設一主動力源,利用單一主動力源 於經動力組啟動主軸加工或推出刀盤選刀時,經由主動 力源連貫性的傳動構件及活塞離合件來分別驅動A或B 轉軸,讓動力可經由A轉軸做選擇性的傳遞帶動内刀盤 作動選刀,或將動力傳遞經由B轉軸而帶動外刀盤作動 選刀;藉此,以本發明之單一動力的結構即可讓主軸作 動〔主轴之原動作及動力傳輸不變〕或讓内、外刀盤作 選刀作動,其係精簡機台設備同時節省成本花費為首先 應用發明者。 【實施方式】 而為令本發明之技術手段能夠更完整且清楚的揭 露,茲請一併參閱所附圖式及圖號,並詳細說明如下: 首先,請參閱第一圖所示,係本發明一種雙刀盤動 1308882 力刀塔座結構整體平面剖視示意圖,於機台由主動力源 (1)將動力傳遞至動力、纟且(2),經動力組(2)連動主轴(3) 外部之齒環(31)而使動力傳遞至 A轉轴(4),讓A轉軸 (4)之齒座(42)將動力導送至内刀轉轴(5)上之傳動件 (51) ’以傳動件(51)配合活塞離合件(6)而選擇性驅動 内刀轉轴(5)、B轉轴(7)之内、外刀盤來分別驅動旋轉 作k刀操作加工者〔請一併參閱第二圖所示〕;其中: a睛一併參閱第三圖所示,於主軸(3)末端設有一離 二座(32),該離合座(32)可活動位移抵推主軸(3)之齒 %(31)位移者,而於主軸(3)外對應齒環(31)處設有一 外轉座(33) ’而該外轉座(33)係對應與A轉軸⑷末端 之連動件(41)«合’同w轉軸⑷前端設有—齒座(42) 係可嚷合於内刀轉轴⑸外之具前、後时部(511)、 ^512)的傳動件⑸),另,於内刀轉軸⑸前端設有外齒 邻(50),且軸上設有軸套座(52),該軸套座外部具 設有第一、第二齒部(521)、(522),於内刀轉轴(5)末 端設有活塞離合件(6),該活塞離合件(6)可受動力構件 (61)作動位移而推動内刀轉軸(5),以令内刀轉軸(5)之 外齒部(50)與傳動件(51)之前内齒部(511)嚅合或分 離、及軸套座(52)之第一齒部(521)嚆合或分離於傳動 件(51)之後内齒部(512)、及軸套座(52)之第二齒部 (522)嚅合於B轉軸(7)上所設之套環件(71)或機台内所 固設之固定座(8),以分別控制内刀轉軸(5)上之内刀盤 轉動,或控制B轉軸(7)上所設之外齒部(72)與主轴(3) 上外刀軸套(9)餐合而驅動外刀盤作動者〔請一併參閱 第六圖所示〕。 8 1308882 請再一併參閱第四圖所示,本發明之動作示意圖 (一),當使用操作時,首先’於機台主軸 導入 流體,讓主軸(3)外部外之活塞組(3〇)推動主軸(3)外壁 轴套⑽1),而因外壁軸套⑽)與刀盤固設所以刀盤相 對會受推力而頂出,當刀盤頂出的當時,其因主轴(3) 、、且裝於外壁軸套(301)内’所以刀盤移動*主軸⑶亦隨 之移動;續主轴(3)位移時會令尾端之離合座(32)會一 起連動,離合座(32)的前進而將齒環(31)頂推與外轉座 ⑽内齒(331)廢合,而在離合座(32)對應主軸⑶之内 部具設有-彈性組(35),該彈性組(35)讓離合座(32)所 頂推之齒環(31)在嚷合外轉座(33)内齒(331)時,令齒 與齒間具有彈性度,主要為防止齒部受損及位移不完全 的彈性伸縮調和〔請一併參閱第五圖所示〕,所以,於 離合座(32)旁側係設有镇測元件(34),利削貞測元件 (34)來對離合座(32)頂推位移之準確位置的偵測,當離 合座(32)之推進不完全,即齒環(31)與外轉座(33)之内 齒(331)未相互嚙合時,令偵測元件(34)在未接收到訊 號而產生停機訊號讓機台停止運作,以防止不當加工及 危險γ因該主動力源(1)為飼服馬達,故在此動作狀態 下,當活塞組(30)推動主軸(3)之外壁軸套(3〇1)時, 該動力源已停止不動,即讓流體頂推離合座使齒環 (31)嚅合外轉座(33)内齒(331)〕。 續之’請再一併參閱第五、六圖所示,該外轉座(33) 讓齒環(31)帶動之後’係將動力傳輸給相鄰之A轉軸(4) 末端上的連動件(41),當A轉軸(4)被帶動時,該A轉 軸(4)前端上之齒座(42)也一同被帶動,此時,係藉由a 9 1308882 轉軸⑷之錢⑽將動力傳輪給套設在機台 軸(5)間之傳動件(51) ’該傳動件(51)之外齒邙、二= 齒座(42)相互屬合而被帶動,當傳動件。(513)與 轉軸⑸未受活塞離合件⑹頂推 轉:= 其:二齒部_:二:==))轉:後 相對使B轉軸⑺轉動,_,當B轉軸⑺轉動:合, 卜藉齒:外(72)則與主_上之外刀“ 作動: 〔此處之外刀盤的作動方式 ==,,第_07號已心^ ' ★,即已完成外刀盤的選擇動作t& 一併參閱第七圖所示〕。 评勒作〔明 請一併參閱第八圖所示,當選擇内刀盤時,係在主 動力源⑴將動力輪出之後,經上述之動力板⑵連動齒 %(31) ’齒架(31)帶動外轉座(33),及外轉座⑽連動 A轉轴⑷之連動件’同時使A轉軸⑷上之齒座(42)帶 動内刀轉軸⑸上的傳動件(51),當傳動件(51)轉動 時’其内刀轉軸⑸末端所環設之活塞離合件(6)受動力 構件(61)〔可為流體、液壓、油壓結構〕作動,而於該 活塞離合件(6)作動時,係可設有偵測元件(62)對應感 測頂推位移是否確實,當活塞離合件頂推内刀轉軸 (5)與軸套座(52)前進位移,係令軸套座(52)之第一齒 部(521)脫離傳動件(51)之後内齒部(512),而軸套座 (52)之第—齒部(522)則對應嚅合於機台上所固設之固 10 1308882 定座(8),使其軸套座⑽停止轉動及同時被固定,如 ^軸套座⑽將無法再傳動B轉轴⑺,以致外刀盤 疋處於靜止不動的狀態;續之,在内刀轉軸(5)被 =之ί,其前端轴上之外齒部⑽係對應與傳動件 (51)之刖内齒部(511)嚅合,讓傳動件 給内刀轉軸(5)而選擇内刀盤作動 ^ ^遞 所示〕。 F勒〔印一併參閱第九圖 :發明之雙刀盤動力刀塔座結構, 述之内、外刀盤的選擇帶動,依據 後位移作㈣作選擇性_力輸=4(6)的刚 外刀盤的選擇之外,其本發?月=單而除了可進行内、 刀盤;軸(3)動力傳輸或讓内、外 也就是於機台中僅設置有單一刀:早二刀盤的驅動’ 盤〕,利用主動力源⑴驅動主軸(3)後内刀 -,内刀盤或外刀盤〕轉動义。再續而帶動單 外刀二ί:第:圖所示,該本發明除了針對上述内、 盤在進行機台上加長整體之轴距,令外刀 加工刀具n/,其對應正軸向的反向處亦可設有 受機台本二ή/于反向加工,如此,於該側加工時亦不會 兄本體所干預限制,係增加可加卫的刀 或尺實施例或圖式並非限定本發明之結構樣態 化或修錦2所屬技術領域中具有通常知識者之適當變 ^由,皆應視為不脫離本發明之專利範疇。 於一般t述可知,本發明之組成與使用實施說明相較 有結構,我們可以知道雙刀盤動力刀塔座結 11 1308882 構,具有下列幾項優點,如下: 1. 本發明一種雙刀盤動力刀塔座結構,利用單一主動力 源即可分別控制選擇内、外刀盤來作動,於機台上不 佔空間,可同時精簡整體結構之創作設計。 2. 本發明一種雙刀盤動力刀塔座結構,利用單一主動力 源即可分別控制選擇内、外刀盤來作動,於製作過程 係節省馬達成本的花費,極符合經濟效益。 3. 本發明一種雙刀盤動力刀塔座結構,利用單一動力源 驅動再配合活塞離合件來作内、外刀盤選擇性的作 B 動,無須如現有技術需使用切換開關來控制雙動力源 及配合離合器的驅動,達到精簡及降低成本的效果。 4. 本發明一種雙刀盤動力刀塔座結構,除可作内、外刀 盤選擇性的作動之外,亦可利用主動力源作單一刀盤 的驅動加工者。 5. 本發明一種雙刀盤動力刀塔座結構,於機台上加長整 體之軸距,令外刀盤在進行選刀加工時,其對應正軸 向的反向處亦可設有加工刀具可進行反向加工,如 • 此,於該侧加工時亦不會受機台本體所干預限制,達 到增加刀具組選擇者。 綜上所述,本發明實施例確能達到所預期之使用功 效,又其所揭露之具體構造,不僅未曾見諸於同類產品 中,亦未曾公開於申請前,誠已完全符合專利法之規定 與要求,爰依法提出發明專利之申請,懇請惠予審查, 並賜准專利,則實感德便。 12 1308882 【圖式簡單說明 第一圖 本發明整體剖視示意圖 第二圖 本發明侧視示意圖 第三圖 本發明局部剖視示意圖 第四圖 本發明動作示意圖(一) 第五圖 本發明動作局部放大示意圖 第六圖 本發明動作示意圖(二) 第七圖 本發明動作局部放大示意圖 第八圖 本發明動作示意圖(三) 第九圖 本發明動作局部放大示意圖 【元件符號簡單說明】 <本發明> (1) 主動力源 (2) 動力組 (3) 主轴 (30) 活塞組 (301) 外壁轴套 (31) 齒環 (32) 離合座 (33) 外轉座 (331) 内齒 (34) 偵測元件 (35) 彈性組 (4) A轉轴 (41) 連動件 (42) 齒座 (5) 内刀轉轴 (50) 外齒部 (51) 傳動件 (511) 前内齒部 (512) 後内齒部 (513) 外齒部 (52) 軸套座 (521) 第一齒部 (522) 第二齒部 (6) 活塞離合件 (61) 動力構件 (62) 偵測元件 (7) B轉軸 (71) 套環件 13 1308882 (72) 外齒部 (9) 外刀轴套 (8) 固定座1308882 IX. Description of the Invention: [Technical Field] The present invention relates to a double-cutter power turret structure, in particular to a single power source that can drive a main shaft, or a power-driven tool holder or select internal and external The use of the cutter wheel for the selection of the knife is first applied to the inventor. [Prior Art] According to the inventor's previous application, there is a turret tower structure of a double turret, which is transmitted by the power switching device to the outer ring or the central shaft so that the inner and outer turrets can respectively The driving rotation is used as the processing of the selecting knife, so that it can be processed as a processing machine; the power switching device is composed of a power source, a rotary sleeve, a transmission shaft and a transmission sleeve; the power source is a servo motor, and the output shaft is solid. a bevel gear can be meshed with the bevel gear on the rotary sleeve, and the movable pivot sleeve is provided with a transmission shaft and a transmission sleeve, and the meshing teeth and the meshing teeth of the inner sleeve of the sleeve can be respectively matched or Separate the power to the drive shaft or drive bushing, and then the pinion and gear of the drive shaft and the other end of the drive bushing respectively. • The external gear ring fixed on the inner and outer turrets and the gear on the central shaft. Engagement, so that the inner and outer turrets can be separately driven by rotation to perform the knife selection operation. Among them, a piston is fixed on the transmission shaft, and the forward and reverse power can be supplied by the pipeline to drive the transmission shaft and the transmission sleeve to shift to switch the power. Transmitting, to the other control points, operation of the pivoting operation tool selection outer turrets. And another application No. 093116507, a double-cutter power turret structure, mainly provided with a toothed seat at one end of a central shaft of the machine base, and a transmission part driven by a power source and a timely belt at the other end, and the central axis The middle section is provided with a piston sleeve connected to the air pressure or hydraulic power source to control the left and right displacement 5 1308882. The piston sleeve is equidistantly provided with a movable rod, and one end of the movable rod corresponds to the inner sleeve of the sleeve, and The collar is corresponding to a top rod located at the inner ring of the disc holder, and the push rod directly corresponds to the power driving seat structure in the inner cutter disc, and the power driving seat structure is composed of a rotating shaft, a pivoting shaft and an outer shaft. The gear base and the clutch ring seat are configured, wherein: one end of the rotating shaft is provided with a tooth portion, the tooth portion can be coupled or separated according to the tooth portion of the clutch ring ring seat, and the other end is a joint; the pivot shaft One end is provided with a joint portion corresponding to the joint of the rotating shaft, and a supporting hole is arranged at the corresponding push rod of the pivoting shaft for pushing the push rod forward into the pivoting hole of the pivoting shaft, and the pivoting shaft can be made The rising displacement drives the gear shaft to rise, while the pivot shaft The end gear is provided with an elastic member; the outer gear seat is provided with a toothed seat corresponding to the central shaft toothed seat and is mutually salivated, and the outer gear seat is correspondingly sleeved outside the rotating shaft, and an elastic member is disposed between the two The rotating shaft can be slidably displaced and correspondingly rotated in the external gear base; one end of the clutch gear ring seat is provided with a tooth portion corresponding to the tooth portion of the rotating shaft, and the other end can be correspondingly configured with a gear base; thereby, the central shaft can be configured The piston sleeve is moved, and the movable rod and the push rod are advanced and retracted, so that the rotating shaft of the power structure can be engaged or disengaged from the clutch ring seat to respectively replace the clutch ring seat and the tool knife for the right angle power seat. The author. The power source of the above two structures is only the driving of the power switching device for controlling the rotation of the inner and outer turrets (discs), and another power source is required on the main shaft for driving the spindle to rotate. Therefore, there are basically two power sources on the machine. The disadvantages are as follows: 1. The setting of the two power sources is higher in the cost of production. 2. The setting of the two power sources becomes larger than the space occupied by the space. 3. A switch is required to control the two motors to drive the drive shaft 6 1308882 or the center shaft and the clutch to select the rotation of the inner and outer turrets respectively. 4. The short wheelbase is too close to the machine table. Only the tool set can be assembled axially for machining. If the reverse assembly will cause the tool to interfere with the machine, both the tool and the machine will be damaged. In view of the above, the present inventors have corrected and improved the above-mentioned turret structure in the actual production and implementation, and at the same time, in the spirit and philosophy of seeking a good, and with professional knowledge, With the aid of experience, and after many ingenuity and experimentation, the present invention has been developed to provide a double-cutter power turret structure to improve the prior art while saving the cost of production costs. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a double-cutter power turret structure, mainly for setting up a main power source in a machine, and using a single main power source to start a spindle machining or a cutter head through a power group. When the knife is selected, the A or B rotating shaft is respectively driven by the coherent transmission member and the piston clutch of the main power source, so that the power can be selectively transmitted through the A-axis to drive the internal cutter to select the knife, or the power transmission is transmitted through B. Rotating the shaft to drive the outer cutter to actuate the cutter; thereby, the single-powered structure of the present invention can make the spindle move (the original motion and power transmission of the spindle remain unchanged) or allow the inner and outer cutters to operate as a knife. It is the first to apply the inventor to streamline the machine equipment while saving costs. [Embodiment] In order to make the technical means of the present invention more complete and clear, please refer to the drawings and drawings, and explain in detail as follows: First, please refer to the first figure, Invented a double-cutter disk 1308882 force knife tower structure overall plane sectional view, the machine is transmitted by the main power source (1) to the power, 纟 and (2), through the power group (2) linkage spindle (3 The external ring gear (31) transmits power to the A-axis (4), allowing the gear (42) of the A-axis (4) to transmit power to the transmission member on the inner-tool shaft (5) (51) ) 'With the transmission member (51) and the piston clutch (6), the inner and outer cutters of the inner cutter shaft (5) and the B-rotor shaft (7) are selectively driven to rotate and perform the k-knife operation. Please refer to the second figure]; where: a eye together with the third figure, there is a two-seat (32) at the end of the main shaft (3), the clutch seat (32) can be moved by displacement The tooth (%) of the main shaft (3) is displaced, and an outer rotating seat (33) is provided at the corresponding outer ring (31) of the main shaft (3), and the outer rotating seat (33) is corresponding to the A rotating. (4) The end of the linkage (41) «合' with the front end of the w-axis (4) - the adapter (42) can be fitted to the front and rear parts (511), ^ 512 outside the inner cutter shaft (5) The transmission member (5)) is further provided with an external tooth adjacent (50) at the front end of the inner cutter shaft (5), and a shaft sleeve seat (52) is disposed on the shaft, and the sleeve housing has external first and second tooth portions ( 521), (522), a piston clutch member (6) is disposed at an end of the inner cutter shaft (5), and the piston clutch member (6) is movably displaced by the power member (61) to push the inner cutter shaft (5). The inner tooth portion (51) of the inner cutter shaft (5) is coupled with or separated from the inner tooth portion (511) of the transmission member (51), and the first tooth portion (521) of the sleeve seat (52) is engaged. Or after the transmission member (51), the inner tooth portion (512) and the second tooth portion (522) of the sleeve seat (52) are coupled to the collar member (71) provided on the B shaft (7) or a fixed seat (8) fixed in the machine to respectively control the inner cutter wheel rotation on the inner cutter shaft (5), or to control the outer tooth portion (72) and the main shaft (3) provided on the B rotating shaft (7) ) The outer cutter bushing (9) is used for the meal and drives the outer cutter. (Please refer to the sixth figure.) Show]. 8 1308882 Please refer to the fourth figure again. The schematic diagram of the operation of the present invention (1), when using the operation, firstly introduce the fluid into the spindle of the machine, and let the piston group outside the main shaft (3) (3〇) Push the main shaft (3) outer wall bushing (10) 1), and because the outer wall bushing (10) is fixed with the cutter head, the cutter head will be pushed out by the thrust. When the cutter head is ejected, it is due to the main shaft (3), And installed in the outer wall bushing (301) 'so the cutter head movement * the main shaft (3) also moves; the continued spindle (3) displacement will make the tail clutch seat (32) will be linked together, the clutch seat (32) The tooth ring (31) is pushed forward to be disengaged from the inner rotation seat (331) of the outer rotation seat (10), and the elastic shaft (35) is disposed inside the corresponding main shaft (3) of the clutch seat (32), and the elastic group (35) The tooth ring (31) pushed by the clutch seat (32) is adapted to the internal teeth (331) of the outer rotation seat (33) to provide elasticity between the teeth and the teeth, mainly to prevent tooth damage and displacement. Incomplete elastic expansion and contraction (please refer to the fifth figure), so there is a seismic measuring component (34) on the side of the clutch seat (32). (34) to detect the exact position of the thrust displacement of the clutch seat (32), when the advancement of the clutch seat (32) is incomplete, that is, the internal teeth (331) of the ring gear (31) and the outer rotating seat (33) When they are not engaged with each other, the detecting component (34) generates a stop signal without receiving a signal to stop the machine from operating, so as to prevent improper processing and danger γ. Since the main power source (1) is a feeding motor, here In the action state, when the piston group (30) pushes the outer wall bushing (3〇1) of the main shaft (3), the power source has stopped moving, that is, the fluid pushes the clutch seat to make the ring gear (31) twist and rotate. Seat (33) (331). Continued 'Please refer to the fifth and sixth figures together. After the outer ring (33) is driven by the ring gear (31), the power is transmitted to the connecting piece on the end of the adjacent A-axis (4). (41) When the A-axis (4) is driven, the tooth holder (42) on the front end of the A-axis (4) is also driven together. At this time, the power is transmitted by the money (10) of the shaft of the a 9 1308882 (4). The wheel is provided with a transmission member (51) disposed between the machine shafts (5). The outer teeth of the transmission member (51) and the two tooth holders (42) are coupled to each other to be driven. (513) and the rotating shaft (5) are not pushed by the piston clutch (6): =: it: two teeth _: two: ==)) turn: after the B axis (7) is rotated, _, when the B axis (7) rotates: Bu borrowing teeth: outside (72) and the main _ on the outer knife "actuation: [where the outside of the cutter operation ==,, the number _07 has been heart ^ ' ★, that is, the outer cutter Select the action t& see also the seventh figure.) Review the work (please refer to the eighth picture as shown in the figure, when the inner cutter is selected, after the main power source (1) turns the power out, after the above Power board (2) interlocking teeth % (31) 'The carrier (31) drives the outer rotating seat (33), and the outer rotating seat (10) interlocks the linking member of the A rotating shaft (4) while simultaneously making the adapter (42) on the A rotating shaft (4) Driving the transmission member (51) on the inner cutter shaft (5), when the transmission member (51) rotates, the piston clutch member (6) of the inner cutter shaft (5) is surrounded by the power member (61) (which can be fluid and hydraulic) The hydraulic structure is actuated, and when the piston clutch (6) is actuated, the detecting element (62) can be provided to sense whether the thrust displacement is correct, and when the piston clutch pushes the inner cutter shaft (5) With bushing seat (52 The forward displacement is such that the first tooth portion (521) of the sleeve seat (52) is disengaged from the inner tooth portion (512) after the transmission member (51), and the first tooth portion (522) of the sleeve housing (52) is Corresponding to the fixing of the solid 10 1308882 seat (8) fixed on the machine, the sleeve seat (10) stops rotating and is fixed at the same time. If the shaft sleeve (10) will not be able to drive the B shaft (7), so that The cutter head is in a stationary state; continued, the inner cutter shaft (5) is depressed, and the outer tooth portion (10) on the front end shaft corresponds to the inner tooth portion (511) of the transmission member (51). In the same way, let the transmission member give the inner cutter shaft (5) and select the inner cutter disc to act as ^^.] F Le [Printing together with the ninth diagram: the invention of the double-cutter power turret structure, described The selection of the outer cutter head is driven by the rear displacement (4) for the selection of the outer outer cutter disc of the selective_force transmission=4(6), and the present invention is only for the single and the inner cutter. The shaft (3) power transmission or internal and external is only a single knife in the machine: the drive 'disk> of the second cutter, the main power source (1) drives the main shaft (3), the inner cutter - the inner cutter Or outer cutter Continuing to drive the single outer knife two: In the figure: the present invention, in addition to the above-mentioned inner and inner discs on the machine platform to lengthen the overall wheelbase, so that the outer knife processing tool n /, its corresponding positive The axial reversal can also be provided with the machine table 2/in the reverse machining, so that the machining of the side will not interfere with the intervention of the body, and the addition of the knife or rule embodiment or figure can be added. The present invention is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, and it should be understood that the scope of the invention is not departing from the scope of the invention. Compared with the implementation of the description, we can know the structure of the double-cutter power turret seat 11 1308882, which has the following advantages, as follows: 1. The double-cutter power turret structure of the present invention utilizes a single main power The source can control the selection of the inner and outer cutterheads separately, and does not occupy space on the machine platform, and can simultaneously simplify the creation design of the overall structure. 2. The double-cutter power turret structure of the present invention can control the selection of the inner and outer cutter heads by a single main power source, and saves the cost of the motor in the production process, which is extremely economical. 3. The utility model relates to a double cutter power turret structure, which is driven by a single power source and cooperates with a piston clutch to selectively move the inner and outer cutters, and does not need to use a switch to control the dual power as in the prior art. The source and the clutch drive are used to reduce the cost and reduce the cost. 4. The double cutter power turret structure of the present invention can be used as a single cutter drive processor in addition to the selective operation of the inner and outer cutter discs. 5. The double-cutter power turret structure of the invention increases the overall wheelbase on the machine table, so that when the outer cutter disc is subjected to the selection of the cutter, the machining tool can also be provided in the opposite direction of the positive axial direction. Reverse machining is possible, such as • This is not subject to the intervention of the machine body when machining on the side, to increase the tool set selection. In summary, the embodiments of the present invention can achieve the expected use efficiency, and the specific structure disclosed therein has not been seen in similar products, nor has it been disclosed before the application, and has completely complied with the provisions of the Patent Law. And the request, the application for the invention of a patent in accordance with the law, please give us a review, and grant a patent, it is really sensible. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a schematic side view of the present invention. FIG. 3 is a side view of the present invention. FIG. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 6 is a schematic view showing the action of the present invention. FIG. 7 is a schematic view showing the action of the present invention. FIG. 8 is a schematic view showing the action of the present invention. > (1) Main power source (2) Power group (3) Main shaft (30) Piston group (301) Outer wall bushing (31) Tooth ring (32) Clutch seat (33) Outer seat (331) Internal teeth ( 34) Detection element (35) Elastic group (4) A shaft (41) Linkage (42) Adapter (5) Inner knife shaft (50) External tooth (51) Transmission (511) Front internal tooth Part (512) Rear internal toothing (513) External toothing (52) Bushing seat (521) First toothing (522) Second toothing (6) Piston clutch (61) Power component (62) Detection Component (7) B Shaft (71) Collar member 13 1308882 (72) External toothing (9) Outer knife bushing (8) Mounting seat

1414

Claims (1)

1308882 十、申請專利範圍: 1. 一種雙刀盤動力刀塔座結構,於機台由主動力源將動 力傳遞至動力組,經動力組連動主軸外部之齒環而使 動力傳遞至A轉轴,讓A轉轴之齒座將動力導送至内 刀轉轴外之傳動件,以傳動件配合活塞離合件而選擇 性驅動内刀轉轴、B轉轴之内、外刀盤來分別驅動旋 轉作選刀操作加工者;其中: 該主軸末端設有一離合座,該離合座可活動位移 抵推主轴位移者,而於主轴外對應齒環處設有一外轉 * 座,而該外轉座係對應與A轉軸末端之連動件嚅合, 同時A轉軸前端設有一齒座係可嚅合於内刀轉軸外之 具前、後内齒部的傳動件,另,於内刀轉軸前端設有 外齒部,且轴上設有轴套座,該軸套座外部具設有第 一、第二齒部,於内刀轉軸末端設有活塞離合件,該 活塞離合件可受動力構件作動位移而推動内刀轉 軸,以令内刀轉軸之外齒部與傳動件之前内齒部嚅合 或分離、及軸套座之第一齒部嚅合或分離於傳動件之 • 後内齒部、及軸套座之第二齒部嚅合於B轉軸上所設 之套環件或機台内所固設之固定座,以分別控制内刀 轉轴上之内刀盤轉動,或控制B轉軸上所設之外齒部 與主轴上外刀軸套嚅合而驅動外刀盤作動者。 2. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述雙刀盤動力刀塔座結構, 其中該離合器旁側設有偵測元件,利用偵測元件來對 離合器頂推位移之準確位置作偵測。 3. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述雙刀盤動力刀塔座結構, 其中該外轉座設有内齒可與齒環嚅合。 15 1308882 4. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述雙刀盤動力刀塔座結構, 其中於離合器對應主轴之内部具設有一彈性組,該彈 性組讓離合器所頂推之齒環在嚅合外轉座時,令齒與 齒間具有彈性度不損壞兩相對應的齒者。 5. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述雙刀盤動力刀塔座結構, 其中於傳動件上設有外齒部與齒座相互嚅合者。 6. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述雙刀盤動力刀塔座結構, 其中動力構件為流體液壓結構者。1308882 X. Patent application scope: 1. A double-cutter power turret structure, the power is transmitted to the power group by the main power source on the machine, and the power is transmitted to the A-axis through the power unit to interlock the gear ring outside the main shaft. The gear holder of the A rotating shaft guides the power to the transmission member outside the inner cutter shaft, and the driving member cooperates with the piston clutch member to selectively drive the inner cutter shaft, the inner shaft and the outer cutter disc of the B shaft to drive separately. Rotating as a knife selection processor; wherein: the end of the spindle is provided with a clutch seat, the clutch seat is movable displacement to push the spindle displacement, and an external rotation seat is provided at the corresponding tooth ring outside the spindle, and the outer rotation seat Corresponding to the linkage of the end of the A-axis, and the front end of the A-axis is provided with a gear holder that can be coupled to the front and rear internal teeth of the inner cutter shaft, and is provided at the front end of the inner cutter shaft. The outer tooth portion is provided with a sleeve seat on the shaft, and the outer sleeve portion is provided with first and second tooth portions, and a piston clutch member is arranged at the end of the inner cutter shaft, and the piston clutch member can be displaced by the power member And push the inner cutter shaft to make the inner cutter shaft The outer tooth portion is coupled with or separated from the inner tooth portion of the transmission member, and the first tooth portion of the sleeve seat is coupled or separated from the rear tooth portion of the transmission member, and the second tooth portion of the sleeve seat is coupled to a collar member provided on the B-axis or a fixed seat fixed in the machine table to respectively control the rotation of the inner cutter head on the inner cutter shaft, or to control the external tooth portion and the outer cutter on the B-axis The sleeve is twisted to drive the outer cutter. 2. For the double-cutter power turret structure described in claim 1, wherein the clutch is provided with a detecting component on the side of the clutch, and the detecting component is used to detect the accurate position of the clutch thrust displacement. 3. The double-cutter power turret structure according to claim 1, wherein the outer rotator is provided with internal teeth that can be coupled with the ring gear. 15 1308882 4. The double-cutter power turret structure according to claim 1, wherein an elastic group is arranged inside the corresponding main shaft of the clutch, and the elastic group allows the clutch to be pushed by the gear ring. When transposing, the elasticity between the teeth and the teeth is not damaged by the corresponding two teeth. 5. The double-cutter power turret structure according to the first aspect of the patent application, wherein the transmission member is provided with an external tooth portion and a tooth holder. 6. The double-cutter power turret structure according to item 1 of the patent application, wherein the power component is a fluid hydraulic structure. 1616
TW96114702A 2007-04-25 2007-04-25 Structure of a power tool turret mechanism with twin knife discs TWI308882B (en)

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