TW202043593A - Transport method for construction materials - Google Patents

Transport method for construction materials Download PDF

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TW202043593A
TW202043593A TW108118769A TW108118769A TW202043593A TW 202043593 A TW202043593 A TW 202043593A TW 108118769 A TW108118769 A TW 108118769A TW 108118769 A TW108118769 A TW 108118769A TW 202043593 A TW202043593 A TW 202043593A
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column
transport
transportation
layer
slab
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TW108118769A
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Chinese (zh)
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TWI723407B (en
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吳昌修
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建國工程股份有限公司
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Abstract

A transport method for construction materials is provided. The transport method comprises: (A) setting up a plurality of two storeys high column structures; (B) setting up a plurality of transport rails among the column structures; (C) using a transport crane to transport materials of beam plate structures by the transport rails; (D) using the materials of beam plate structures to set up a first floor beam plate structure at a first floor level among the column structures, and to assemble formworks for the first floor beam plate structures; and (D) tearing down the transport crane and the transport rails.

Description

建築材料運送方法Construction materials delivery method
本發明係關於一種材料運送方法。具體而言,本發明係關於一種營建施工作業環境之建築材料運送方法。The present invention relates to a material transportation method. Specifically, the present invention relates to a construction material transportation method for a construction work environment.
於營建工程之施工作業進行時,會藉由吊車系統進行建築材料之搬運。設置於建築工地之吊車系統通常獨立於建築結構體外,以高層建築施工為例,塔式起重機為一常見的選擇。塔式起重機又名塔吊,通常固定於建築工地之中心,以便將建築材料搬運至不同位置及高度,於樓層建造前搭建,隨工程進行逐層加高,並於樓層建造結束後拆除運離工地。During the construction work of the construction project, the building materials will be transported by the crane system. The crane system installed on the construction site is usually independent of the building structure. Taking the construction of high-rise buildings as an example, tower cranes are a common choice. Tower cranes, also known as tower cranes, are usually fixed in the center of a construction site to transport building materials to different positions and heights. They are erected before floor construction, heightened layer by layer with the project, and removed and transported away from the construction site after the completion of the floor construction. .
然而獨立於建築結構體外之吊車系統,需耗費額外之時間及人力進行安裝及拆除;欲運輸體積龐大的吊車系統進入及離開建築工地,亦需耗費額外時間及運輸成本。如何利用施工中之建築結構體,與吊車系統進行整合,增加共用構件,減少安裝及拆除步驟,以及降低運輸成本,為本發明所欲解決之課題。However, the crane system independent of the building structure requires additional time and manpower to install and dismantle. To transport the bulky crane system into and out of the construction site, additional time and transportation costs are also required. How to use the building structure under construction to integrate with the crane system, increase shared components, reduce installation and removal steps, and reduce transportation costs, is the subject to be solved by the present invention.
本發明之一目的在於提供一種與建築結構體結合之建築材料運送方法。An object of the present invention is to provide a method for transporting building materials combined with a building structure.
本發明之一實施態樣涉及一種建築材料運送方法。建築材料運送方法包含:(A)架設二層樓高的複數個柱結構;(B)於柱結構間架設複數個運輸軌道;(C)以運輸吊車於運輸軌道上運輸樑板結構材料;(D)以樑板結構材料於柱結構間之第一層位置架設第一層樑板結構,及組裝第一層樑板結構之模板;以及(E)拆除運輸吊車及運輸軌道。One embodiment of the present invention relates to a method for transporting building materials. The method of transporting building materials includes: (A) erecting a two-story building with multiple column structures; (B) erecting multiple transport tracks between the column structures; (C) using a transport crane to transport beam-slab structural materials on the transport track; D) Erect the first layer of beam slab structure with beam slab structure material at the first layer position between the column structures, and assemble the template of the first layer of beam slab structure; and (E) remove the transportation crane and the transportation track.
本發明之一另實施態樣涉及一種建築材料運送方法。建築材料運送方法包含於完成第一層之建造後,於複數個前一層柱結構頂端分別架設複數個接續柱結構;(B)於接續柱結構間架設複數個運輸軌道;(C)以運輸吊車於運輸軌道上運輸標準層樑板結構材料;(D)以樑板結構材料於接續柱結構間之標準層位置架設標準層樑板結構,及組裝標準層樑板結構之模板;(E)拆除運輸吊車及運輸軌道;以及(F)重複步驟(A)~(E)至完成頂層之建造。Another aspect of the present invention relates to a method for transporting building materials. The method of transporting building materials includes, after the completion of the construction of the first floor, a plurality of connecting column structures are respectively erected on the top of the plurality of column structures of the previous layer; (B) a plurality of transportation tracks are erected between the connecting column structures; (C) a transport crane Transport the standard layer beam slab structure material on the transportation track; (D) Use the beam slab structure material to erect the standard layer beam slab structure between the connecting column structures and assemble the template of the standard layer beam slab structure; (E) remove Transport crane and transport track; and (F) Repeat steps (A) ~ (E) to complete the construction of the top layer.
運輸吊車藉由與施工過程中之建築結構體共用構件,得以減少安裝及拆除步驟,以及降低運輸成本。The transportation crane can reduce installation and dismantling steps and reduce transportation costs by sharing components with the building structure in the construction process.
圖1A~1E為根據本發明一實施例所繪示的第一層建築材料運送方法流程示意圖。其第一層之架設流程如下:(A)架設二層樓高的複數個柱結構110,如圖1A所示;(B)於柱結構110間架設複數個運輸軌道400,如圖1B所示;(C)以運輸吊車430於運輸軌道400上運輸樑板結構材料435;(D)以樑板結構材料435於柱結構110間之第一層位置架設第一層樑板結構190,及組裝第一層樑板結構190之模板;以及(E)拆除運輸吊車430及運輸軌道400。在本實施例中,由於第一層建築結構之建造需包含第一層樓板結構,故需架設二層樓高的柱結構,才能進行一層樓板結構之施工作業。圖1A~1E為以4個建築柱結構110做為運輸軌道400的支撐結構之實施例,但不以此為限。於圖1A~1E實施例中,運輸軌道400跨越2個柱結構110之跨距進行運輸;於其他實施例中,運輸軌道400可跨越更多柱結構110之跨距進行運輸,並可依據運輸需求,在更多柱結構110間架設更多運輸軌道400以供運輸吊車430將樑板結構材料435運輸至指定位置。於一較佳實施例中,運輸吊車430藉由兩側之滑軌運行於運輸軌道400。1A to 1E are schematic flowcharts of a method for transporting first-layer building materials according to an embodiment of the present invention. The erection process of the first floor is as follows: (A) erect a two-story building with a plurality of column structures 110, as shown in Figure 1A; (B) erect a plurality of transport rails 400 between the column structures 110, as shown in Figure 1B (C) Use the transport crane 430 to transport the beam slab structure material 435 on the transportation track 400; (D) Use the beam slab structure material 435 to erect the first layer of beam structure 190 between the column structures 110 and assemble The formwork of the first-layer beam slab structure 190; and (E) the transport crane 430 and the transport track 400 are removed. In this embodiment, since the construction of the first-story building structure needs to include the first-story floor structure, a two-story column structure needs to be erected in order to carry out the construction work of the one-story floor structure. FIGS. 1A to 1E are embodiments in which four building column structures 110 are used as the supporting structure of the transportation track 400, but are not limited thereto. In the embodiment of FIGS. 1A to 1E, the transport track 400 is transported across the span of two column structures 110; in other embodiments, the transport track 400 can be transported across the span of more column structures 110, and can be transported according to the transportation It is required to erect more transportation rails 400 between more column structures 110 for the transportation crane 430 to transport the beam-slab structure material 435 to a designated location. In a preferred embodiment, the transport crane 430 runs on the transport track 400 by means of slide rails on both sides.
於進行上述步驟(C)前進一步包含以下流程:(B1)以運輸吊車430於運輸軌道400上運輸柱結構110之其他材料,例如:箍筋、鋼板、混凝土、柱模板…等架設及組裝柱結構110所需之建築材料435;(B2)架設柱結構110之其他材料;以及(B3)組裝柱結構110之模板。運輸吊車430可藉由運輸軌道400運送樑板結構材料、接續柱結構之其他材料、樑板結構材料或其他建築材料435。Before performing the above step (C), the following process is further included: (B1) The transportation crane 430 is used to transport other materials of the column structure 110 on the transportation track 400, such as: stirrups, steel plates, concrete, column templates, etc. to erect and assemble the columns Building materials 435 required for structure 110; (B2) other materials for erecting column structure 110; and (B3) template for assembling column structure 110. The transportation crane 430 can transport the beam and slab structure materials, other materials of the connecting column structure, the beam and slab structure materials, or other building materials 435 through the transportation track 400.
於一實施例中,步驟(A)~(C)以自助運輸車做為柱結構110、運輸軌道400與運輸吊車430之運輸。亦可進行樑板結構材料、接續柱結構之其他材料、樑板結構材料或其他建築材料435之運輸。自助運輸車為於建築工地中進行建築材料運輸之運輸工具,可於建築工地中行進,不需藉助運輸軌道。In one embodiment, in steps (A) to (C), a self-service vehicle is used as the transportation of the column structure 110, the transportation track 400, and the transportation crane 430. It can also be used for transportation of beam and slab structure materials, other materials of continuous column structure, beam and slab structure materials or other building materials 435. Self-service trucks are vehicles for transporting building materials on construction sites. They can travel on construction sites without the need for transportation tracks.
圖2A~2E為根據本發明一實施例所繪示的標準層建築材料運送方法流程示意圖。其標準層之架設流程如下:(F)於柱結構110頂端分別架設接續柱結構210,如圖2A所示;(G)於接續柱結構210間架設運輸軌道400,如圖2B所示;(H)以運輸吊車430於運輸軌道400上運輸標準層樑板結構材料435,如圖2C所示;(I)以樑板結構材料435於接續柱結構210間之標準層位置架設標準層樑板結構290,及組裝標準層樑板結構290之模板,如圖2D所示;(J)拆除運輸吊車430及運輸軌道400;以及(K)重複步驟(F)~(J)至完成頂層之建造。標準層之施工建立於前一層之基礎上,故僅需架設標準層高度之接續柱結構210,不需如同第一層之施工般,需架設二層樓高的柱結構110。2A to 2E are schematic flowcharts of a method for transporting standard floor building materials according to an embodiment of the present invention. The erection process of the standard layer is as follows: (F) erecting the connecting column structure 210 on the top of the column structure 110, as shown in Fig. 2A; (G) erecting the transportation track 400 between the connecting column structure 210, as shown in Fig. 2B; H) Use the transport crane 430 to transport the standard layer beam slab structure material 435 on the transportation track 400, as shown in Figure 2C; (I) Use the beam plate structure material 435 to erect the standard layer beam slab at the standard layer position between the connecting column structures 210 The structure 290, and the template for assembling the standard layer beam slab structure 290, as shown in Figure 2D; (J) remove the transport crane 430 and the transport track 400; and (K) repeat steps (F) ~ (J) to complete the construction of the top layer . The construction of the standard floor is built on the basis of the previous floor, so only the connecting column structure 210 of standard floor height needs to be erected. It is not necessary to erect the two-story column structure 110 like the construction of the first floor.
於進行上述步驟(H)前進一步包含以下流程:(G1)以運輸吊車430於運輸軌道400上運輸接續柱結構210之其他材料,例如:箍筋、鋼板、混凝土、柱模板…等架設及組裝接續柱結構210所需之建築材料435;(G2)架設接續柱結構210之其他材料;以及(G3)組裝接續柱結構210之模板。Before proceeding to the above step (H), the following process is further included: (G1) The transportation crane 430 is used to transport other materials of the connecting column structure 210 on the transportation track 400, such as: stirrups, steel plates, concrete, column templates, etc., erection and assembly The building materials 435 required for the connecting column structure 210; (G2) other materials for erecting the connecting column structure 210; and (G3) the template for assembling the connecting column structure 210.
於一實施例中,步驟(F)~(H)以自助運輸車做為接續柱結構210、運輸軌道400與運輸吊車430之運輸。亦可進行樑板結構材料、接續柱結構之其他材料、樑板結構材料或其他建築材料435之運輸。In one embodiment, in steps (F) to (H), a self-service vehicle is used as the transportation of the connecting column structure 210, the transportation track 400, and the transportation crane 430. It can also be used for transportation of beam and slab structure materials, other materials of continuous column structure, beam and slab structure materials or other building materials 435.
圖3A~3B為根據本發明一實施例所繪示的第一層角鋼柱組裝示意圖。上述步驟(A)進一步包含以下第一層角鋼柱組裝流程:(A1)放置每一柱結構110’的複數根角鋼120;其中以鏤空鋼板130設置於角鋼120之間,並焊接角鋼120連接鏤空鋼板130之四周以固定角鋼130,如圖3A所示;以及(A2)放置每一柱結構110’之箍筋160,如圖3B所示。於3A~3B所示實施例,柱結構110’主要由角鋼120及鏤空鋼板130構成,以形成外鋼骨架。於一較佳實施例中,角鋼120及鏤空鋼板130間置入鋼筋並進行綁紮,於完成柱結構110’之架設後以混凝土填充。柱結構110’於未進行混凝土澆築前,鏤空鋼板130之中空部分、以及鏤空鋼板130與角鋼120所包圍之空間可容許繫筋通過。鏤空鋼板130為一中間鏤空的鋼板,於一最佳實施例,鏤空部分為可容許鋼筋通過之一圓孔,用於灌漿時容許混凝土通過,以及未進行混凝土澆築前允許鋼筋通過。鏤空鋼板之另一功能在於連接角鋼,以及增加柱結構之結構強度。3A to 3B are schematic diagrams of assembling the first layer of angle steel columns according to an embodiment of the present invention. The above step (A) further includes the following first-layer angle steel column assembly process: (A1) placing a plurality of angle steels 120 of each column structure 110'; wherein a hollow steel plate 130 is arranged between the angle steels 120, and the angle steel 120 is welded to connect the hollow The angle steel 130 is fixed around the steel plate 130, as shown in FIG. 3A; and (A2) the stirrups 160 of each column structure 110' are placed, as shown in FIG. 3B. In the embodiments shown in 3A to 3B, the column structure 110' is mainly composed of angle steel 120 and hollow steel plate 130 to form an outer steel frame. In a preferred embodiment, steel bars are inserted between the angle steel 120 and the hollow steel plate 130 and tied, and filled with concrete after the erection of the column structure 110' is completed. Before concrete pouring of the column structure 110', the hollow part of the hollow steel plate 130 and the space enclosed by the hollow steel plate 130 and the angle steel 120 can allow the tie bars to pass. The hollow steel plate 130 is a steel plate with a hollow in the middle. In a preferred embodiment, the hollow part is a round hole that allows steel bars to pass through, allowing concrete to pass through when used for grouting and allowing steel bars to pass before concrete is poured. Another function of the hollow steel plate is to connect the angle steel and increase the structural strength of the column structure.
圖4為根據本發明一實施例所繪示角鋼柱與運輸軌道連接示意圖。上述步驟(C)進一步包含:(C1)設置運輸軌道400於鏤空鋼板130上,以進行運輸軌道400之架設,如圖4所示。於一較佳實施例中,運輸軌道400為I型鋼,以底面與鏤空鋼板130相連接,並以螺絲進行鎖固。Fig. 4 is a schematic diagram showing the connection between the angle steel column and the transportation track according to an embodiment of the present invention. The above step (C) further includes: (C1) arranging the transportation track 400 on the hollow steel plate 130 to perform the erection of the transportation track 400, as shown in FIG. 4. In a preferred embodiment, the transportation track 400 is made of I-shaped steel, connected to the hollow steel plate 130 by the bottom surface, and locked with screws.
圖5A~5B為根據本發明一實施例所繪示的標準層角鋼柱組裝示意圖。上述步驟(F)進一步包含以下標準層角鋼柱組裝流程:(F1)放置每一接續柱結構210’的複數根角鋼120;以鏤空鋼板130設置於角鋼120之間,並焊接角鋼120連接鏤空鋼板130之四周以固定角鋼130,如圖5A所示;(F2)放置每一接續柱結構210’之複數個箍筋160,如圖5B所示。於一較佳實施例中,接續柱結構210’之角鋼與柱結構110’之角鋼以角鐵進行接合,並以螺絲進行鎖固。於一較佳實施例中,角鋼120及鏤空鋼板130間置入鋼筋並進行綁紮,再以混凝土填充。柱結構210’於未進行混凝土澆築前,鏤空鋼板130之中空部分、以及鏤空鋼板130與角鋼120所包圍之空間可容許繫筋通過。上述步驟(H)進一步包含:(H1)設置運輸軌道400於鏤空鋼板130上,以進行運輸軌道400之架設。5A to 5B are schematic diagrams illustrating the assembly of standard layer angle steel columns according to an embodiment of the present invention. The above step (F) further includes the following standard-layer angle steel column assembly process: (F1) placing a plurality of angle steels 120 of each connecting column structure 210'; using hollow steel plates 130 to set between the angle steels 120, and welding the angle steel 120 to connect the hollow steel plates The angle steel 130 is fixed around 130, as shown in FIG. 5A; (F2) a plurality of stirrups 160 of each connecting column structure 210' are placed, as shown in FIG. 5B. In a preferred embodiment, the angle steel of the connecting column structure 210' and the angle steel of the column structure 110' are joined by an angle iron and locked with screws. In a preferred embodiment, steel bars are inserted between the angle steel 120 and the hollow steel plate 130 and tied, and then filled with concrete. Before concrete pouring of the column structure 210', the hollow part of the hollow steel plate 130 and the space enclosed by the hollow steel plate 130 and the angle steel 120 can allow the tie bars to pass. The above step (H) further includes: (H1) arranging the transportation track 400 on the hollow steel plate 130 to erect the transportation track 400.
圖6A~6B為根據本發明一實施例所繪示的第一層鋼筋籠柱組裝示意圖。上述步驟(A)進一步包含以下第一層鋼筋籠柱組裝流程:(A1’)放置每一柱結構110”之鋼筋籠170,如圖6A所示;以及(A2’)放置每一柱結構110”之鐵板180,如圖6B所示。鋼筋籠為預先製作之鋼筋結構,至少包含複數個主筋及箍筋,可加強結構強度,以及減少現場組裝之時間。6A to 6B are schematic diagrams of assembling the first-layer steel cage column according to an embodiment of the present invention. The above step (A) further includes the following first-layer steel cage column assembly process: (A1') place the steel cage 170 of each column structure 110", as shown in Figure 6A; and (A2') place each column structure 110 "The iron plate 180, as shown in Figure 6B. The steel cage is a prefabricated steel structure, which contains at least a plurality of main reinforcements and stirrups, which can strengthen the structure and reduce the time of on-site assembly.
圖7為根據本發明一實施例所繪示鋼筋籠柱與運輸軌道連接示意圖。上述步驟(C)進一步包含:(C1’)設置運輸軌道於鐵板180上,以進行運輸軌道400之架設,如圖7所示。於一較佳實施例中,運輸軌道400為I型鋼,以底面與鐵板180相連接,並以螺絲進行鎖固。Fig. 7 is a schematic diagram illustrating the connection between a steel cage column and a transportation track according to an embodiment of the present invention. The above step (C) further includes: (C1') setting the transportation track on the iron plate 180 to erect the transportation track 400, as shown in FIG. 7. In a preferred embodiment, the transportation track 400 is made of I-shaped steel, connected to the iron plate 180 by the bottom surface, and locked with screws.
圖8A~8B為根據本發明一實施例所繪示鋼筋籠柱與鐵板連接示意圖。於圖8A~8B之實施例中,鐵板180由複數層鐵板180組成,以加強其結構強度;柱結構110”由複數個柱主筋175環繞四周以構成柱結構110”之骨架,再以至少一鋼筋籠加強結構。於一較佳實施例中,柱主筋175包含位於柱結構110”四角之複數個角柱主筋176,角柱主筋176貫穿複數層鐵板180,並藉由鐵板180上方之上螺絲185與鐵板180下方之下螺絲186進行鎖固。於一較佳實施例中,於完成柱結構110”之架設後以混凝土填充。8A to 8B are schematic diagrams illustrating the connection between the steel cage column and the iron plate according to an embodiment of the present invention. In the embodiment of Figures 8A-8B, the iron plate 180 is composed of multiple layers of iron plates 180 to enhance its structural strength; the column structure 110" is surrounded by a plurality of column main bars 175 to form the framework of the column structure 110", and At least one steel cage strengthens the structure. In a preferred embodiment, the column main ribs 175 include a plurality of corner column main ribs 176 located at the four corners of the column structure 110". The corner column main ribs 176 penetrate through the plurality of layers of iron plates 180, and are driven by screws 185 and iron plates 180 above the iron plate 180. The lower screw 186 is used for locking. In a preferred embodiment, concrete is filled after the erection of the column structure 110" is completed.
圖9A~9B為根據本發明一實施例所繪示的標準層鋼筋籠柱組裝示意圖。上述步驟(F)進一步包含以下鋼筋籠柱組裝流程:(F1’)放置每一接續柱結構210”之鋼筋籠170,如圖9A所示;以及(F2’)放置每一接續柱結構210”之鐵板180,如圖9B所示。於圖9A~9B之實施例中,接續柱結構210”由複數個柱主筋175環繞四周以構成接續柱結構210”之骨架,再以至少一鋼筋籠170加強結構。於一較佳實施例中,柱主筋175包含位於接續柱結構210”四角之複數個角柱主筋176。於一較佳實施例中,接續柱結構210”之柱主筋176與柱結構110”之柱主筋176以鋼筋續接器進行續接。於另一實施例中,接續柱結構210”之柱主筋176與柱結構110”之柱主筋176以重疊搭接方式進行續接。上述步驟(H)進一步包含:(H1’)設置運輸軌道400於鐵板180上,以進行運輸軌道400之架設。9A to 9B are schematic diagrams illustrating the assembly of standard-layer steel cage columns according to an embodiment of the present invention. The above step (F) further includes the following steel cage column assembly process: (F1') place the steel cage 170 of each connecting column structure 210", as shown in FIG. 9A; and (F2') place each connecting column structure 210" The iron plate 180 is shown in Figure 9B. In the embodiment of FIGS. 9A-9B, the connecting column structure 210" is surrounded by a plurality of column main bars 175 to form the skeleton of the connecting column structure 210", and at least one steel cage 170 is used to strengthen the structure. In a preferred embodiment, the column main ribs 175 include a plurality of corner column main ribs 176 located at the four corners of the connecting column structure 210". In a preferred embodiment, the column main ribs 176 of the connecting column structure 210" and the columns of the column structure 110" The main bars 176 are spliced by rebar splicers. In another embodiment, the column main bars 176 of the splicing column structure 210" and the column main bars 176 of the column structure 110" are spliced in an overlapping manner. The above step (H) It further includes: (H1') arranging the transportation track 400 on the iron plate 180 for erecting the transportation track 400.
以上所述完成第一層之建造後進行標準層之建造至完成頂層之建造的建築材料運送方法為本發明之第一實施例。本發明之第二實施例與第一實施例之差異在於,第二實施例已完成第一層之建造,僅關注於第一層建造之後續流程。請參照圖2A~8B及其所對應之段落內容,在此不予贅述。The above-mentioned method of transporting building materials from the construction of the standard floor after the construction of the first floor to the construction of the top floor is the first embodiment of the present invention. The difference between the second embodiment of the present invention and the first embodiment is that the second embodiment has completed the construction of the first layer and only focuses on the subsequent processes of the first layer construction. Please refer to Figures 2A to 8B and their corresponding paragraphs, which will not be repeated here.
經由本發明提供之建築材料運送方法,於建築樓層施工過程中,運輸吊車可重複架設於第一層柱結構及每一標準層接續柱結構上,藉由與建築結構體共用構件,運輸吊車得以減少安裝及拆除步驟,以及降低進入與離開工地之運輸成本。Through the construction material transportation method provided by the present invention, the transportation crane can be repeatedly erected on the first-story column structure and the connecting column structure of each standard floor during the construction of the building floor. By sharing components with the building structure, the transportation crane can be Reduce installation and removal steps, and reduce transportation costs for entering and leaving the site.
110、110’、110”:柱結構 120:角鋼 130:鏤空鋼板 160:箍筋 170:鋼筋籠 175:柱主筋 176:角柱主筋 180:鐵板 185:上螺絲 186:下螺絲 190:第一層樑板結構 210、210’、210”:接續柱結構 290:標準層樑板結構 400:運輸軌道 430:運輸吊車 435:建築材料110, 110’, 110”: column structure 120: Angle steel 130: hollow steel plate 160: Stirrups 170: steel cage 175: Column main reinforcement 176: Corner column main reinforcement 180: iron plate 185: Screw 186: Screw 190: The first layer of beam-slab structure 210, 210’, 210”: connecting column structure 290: Standard layer beam slab structure 400: Transport track 430: Transport Crane 435: Building Materials
本發明所附圖式說明如下: 圖1A~1E為根據本發明一實施例所繪示的第一層建築材料運送方法流程示意圖; 圖2A~2E為根據本發明一實施例所繪示的標準層建築材料運送方法流程示意圖; 圖3A~3B為根據本發明一實施例所繪示的第一層角鋼柱組裝示意圖; 圖4為根據本發明一實施例所繪示角鋼柱與運輸軌道連接示意圖; 圖5A~5B為根據本發明一實施例所繪示的標準層角鋼柱組裝示意圖; 圖6A~6B為根據本發明一實施例所繪示的第一層鋼筋籠柱組裝示意圖; 圖7為根據本發明一實施例所繪示鋼筋籠柱與運輸軌道連接示意圖; 圖8A~8B為根據本發明一實施例所繪示鋼筋籠柱與鐵板連接示意圖;以及 圖9A~9B為根據本發明一實施例所繪示的標準層鋼筋籠柱組裝示意圖。The drawings of the present invention are described as follows: 1A to 1E are schematic flowcharts of a method for transporting first-story building materials according to an embodiment of the present invention; 2A to 2E are schematic diagrams of a method for transporting standard floor building materials according to an embodiment of the present invention; 3A to 3B are schematic diagrams of assembling the first layer of angle steel columns according to an embodiment of the present invention; 4 is a schematic diagram of the connection between the angle steel column and the transportation track according to an embodiment of the present invention; 5A to 5B are schematic diagrams illustrating the assembly of standard layer angle steel columns according to an embodiment of the present invention; 6A to 6B are schematic diagrams of assembling the first-layer steel cage column according to an embodiment of the present invention; Fig. 7 is a schematic diagram showing the connection between a steel cage column and a transportation track according to an embodiment of the present invention; 8A to 8B are schematic diagrams illustrating the connection between a steel cage column and an iron plate according to an embodiment of the present invention; and 9A-9B are schematic diagrams illustrating the assembly of standard-layer steel cage columns according to an embodiment of the present invention.
110:柱結構 110: Column structure
190:第一層樑板結構 190: The first layer of beam-slab structure
210:接續柱結構 210: connecting column structure
290:標準層樑板結構 290: Standard layer beam slab structure
400:運輸軌道 400: Transport track
430:運輸吊車 430: Transport Crane
435:建築材料 435: Building Materials

Claims (15)

  1. 一種建築材料運送方法,包含: (A)架設二層樓高的複數個柱結構; (B)於該些柱結構間架設複數個運輸軌道; (C)以一運輸吊車於該些運輸軌道上運輸一樑板結構材料; (D)以該樑板結構材料於該些柱結構間之一第一層位置架設一第一層樑板結構,及組裝該些第一層樑板結構之模板;以及 (E)拆除該運輸吊車及該些運輸軌道。A method for transporting building materials, including: (A) Erect a two-story building with multiple columns; (B) Erect a plurality of transportation tracks between the column structures; (C) Use a transport crane to transport a beam and slab structure material on the transport tracks; (D) using the beam-slab structure material to erect a first-layer beam-slab structure at a first-level position between the column structures, and assemble the formwork of the first-layer beam-slab structures; and (E) Remove the transport crane and the transport tracks.
  2. 如請求項1所述之方法,進行步驟(C)前進一步包含: (B1)以該運輸吊車於該些運輸軌道上運輸該些柱結構之其他材料; (B2)架設該些柱結構之其他材料;以及 (B3)組裝該些柱結構之模板。The method described in claim 1, before performing step (C), further includes: (B1) Use the transport crane to transport other materials of the column structures on the transport tracks; (B2) Other materials for erecting these column structures; and (B3) Assemble the template of these column structures.
  3. 如請求項1所述之方法,其中: 以一自助運輸車進行步驟(A)~(C)之複數個柱結構、複數個運輸軌道與該運輸吊車之運輸。The method described in claim 1, wherein: Use a self-service vehicle to transport the multiple column structures, multiple transportation tracks, and the transportation crane in steps (A) ~ (C).
  4. 如請求項1所述之方法,進一步包含: (F)於該些柱結構頂端分別架設複數個接續柱結構; (G)於該些接續柱結構間架設該些運輸軌道; (H)以該運輸吊車於該些運輸軌道上運輸一標準層樑板結構材料; (I)以該樑板結構材料於該些接續柱結構間之一標準層位置架設一標準層樑板結構,及組裝該些標準層樑板結構之模板; (J)拆除該運輸吊車及該些運輸軌道;以及 (K)重複步驟(F)~(J)至完成頂層之建造。The method described in claim 1, further comprising: (F) A plurality of connecting column structures are respectively erected on the tops of the column structures; (G) Erect the transportation tracks between the connecting column structures; (H) Use the transport crane to transport a standard layer beam slab structure material on the transport tracks; (I) Use the beam-slab structure material to erect a standard-layer beam-slab structure at a standard layer position between the connecting column structures, and assemble the template of the standard-layer beam-slab structure; (J) Dismantle the transportation crane and the transportation tracks; and (K) Repeat steps (F)~(J) to complete the construction of the top layer.
  5. 如請求項4所述之方法,進行步驟(H)前進一步包含: (G1)以該運輸吊車於該些運輸軌道上運輸該些接續柱結構之其他材料; (G2)架設該些接續柱結構之其他材料;以及 (G3)組裝該些接續柱結構之模板。The method according to claim 4, before performing step (H), further includes: (G1) Use the transport crane to transport other materials of the connecting column structure on the transport tracks; (G2) Other materials for erecting the connecting column structure; and (G3) Assemble the template of the connecting column structure.
  6. 如請求項4所述之方法,其中: 以一自助運輸車進行步驟(F)~(H)之複數個接續柱結構、複數個運輸軌道與該運輸吊車之運輸。The method described in claim 4, wherein: Use a self-service vehicle to transport the multiple connecting column structures, multiple transportation tracks, and the transportation crane in steps (F) ~ (H).
  7. 如請求項1所述之方法,其中: 該步驟(A)進一步包含: (A1)放置每一柱結構的複數根角鋼;其中 以一鏤空鋼板設置於該些角鋼之間,並焊接該些角鋼連接該鏤空鋼板之四周以固定該些角鋼; (A2)放置每一柱結構之複數個箍筋;以及 該步驟(C)進一步包含: (C1)設置該些運輸軌道於該鏤空鋼板上。The method described in claim 1, wherein: This step (A) further includes: (A1) Place plural angles of each column structure; among them A hollow steel plate is arranged between the angle steels, and the angle steels are welded to connect the circumference of the hollow steel plate to fix the angle steels; (A2) Place multiple stirrups for each column structure; and This step (C) further includes: (C1) Set the transportation rails on the hollow steel plate.
  8. 如請求項4所述之方法,其中: 該步驟(F)進一步包含: (F1)放置每一接續柱結構的複數根角鋼;其中: 以一鏤空鋼板設置於該些角鋼之間,並焊接該些角鋼連接該鏤空鋼板之四周以固定該些角鋼; (F2)放置每一接續柱結構之複數個箍筋;以及 該步驟(H)進一步包含: (H1)設置該些運輸軌道於該鏤空鋼板上。The method described in claim 4, wherein: This step (F) further includes: (F1) Place a plurality of angle steels for each connecting column structure; among them: A hollow steel plate is arranged between the angle steels, and the angle steels are welded to connect the circumference of the hollow steel plate to fix the angle steels; (F2) Place multiple stirrups of each connecting column structure; and This step (H) further includes: (H1) Set the transportation rails on the hollow steel plate.
  9. 如請求項1所述之方法,其中: 該步驟(A)進一步包含: (A1’)放置每一柱結構之一鋼筋籠; (A2’)放置每一柱結構之一鐵板;以及 該步驟(C)進一步包含: (C1’)設置該些運輸軌道於該鐵板上。The method described in claim 1, wherein: This step (A) further includes: (A1’) Place a steel cage for each column structure; (A2’) Place one iron plate of each column structure; and This step (C) further includes: (C1') Set the transportation tracks on the iron plate.
  10. 如請求項4所述之方法,其中: 該步驟(F)進一步包含: (F1’)放置每一接續柱結構之一鋼筋籠; (F2’)放置每一接續柱結構之一鐵板;以及 該步驟(H)進一步包含: (H1’)設置該些運輸軌道於該鐵板上。The method described in claim 4, wherein: This step (F) further includes: (F1’) Place one of the reinforcement cages of each connecting column structure; (F2’) Place one iron plate of each connecting column structure; and This step (H) further includes: (H1') Set the transportation tracks on the iron plate.
  11. 一種建築材料運送方法,包含: 於完成第一層之建造後, (A)  於複數個前一層柱結構頂端分別架設複數個接續柱結構; (B)於該些接續柱結構間架設複數個運輸軌道; (C)以一運輸吊車於該些運輸軌道上運輸一標準層樑板結構材料; (D)以該樑板結構材料於該些接續柱結構間之一標準層位置架設一標準層樑板結構,及組裝該些標準層樑板結構之模板; (E)拆除該運輸吊車及該些運輸軌道;以及 (F)重複步驟(A)~(E)至完成頂層之建造。A method for transporting building materials, including: After completing the construction of the first floor, (A) A plurality of connecting column structures are respectively erected on the tops of a plurality of column structures of the previous layer; (B) Erect a plurality of transportation tracks between the connecting column structures; (C) A transport crane is used to transport a standard layer beam slab structure material on these transport tracks; (D) Use the beam-slab structure material to erect a standard-layer beam-slab structure at a standard position between the connecting column structures, and assemble the template of the standard-layer beam-slab structure; (E) Dismantle the transportation crane and the transportation tracks; and (F) Repeat steps (A)~(E) to complete the construction of the top layer.
  12. 如請求項11所述之方法,進行步驟(C)前進一步包含: (B1)以該運輸吊車於該些運輸軌道上運輸該些接續柱結構之其他材料; (B2)架設該些接續柱結構之其他材料;以及 (B3)組裝該些接續柱結構之模板。The method according to claim 11, before performing step (C), further includes: (B1) Use the transportation crane to transport other materials of the connecting column structure on the transportation tracks; (B2) Other materials for erecting the connecting column structure; and (B3) Assemble the template of the connecting column structure.
  13. 如請求項11所述之方法,其中: 以一自助運輸車進行步驟(A)~(C)之複數個接續柱結構、複數個運輸軌道與該運輸吊車之運輸。The method described in claim 11, wherein: Use a self-service vehicle to transport the multiple connecting column structures, multiple transportation tracks, and the transportation crane in steps (A) ~ (C).
  14. 如請求項11所述之方法,其中: 該步驟(A)進一步包含: (A1)放置每一接續柱結構的複數根角鋼;其中: 以一鏤空鋼板設置於該些角鋼之間,並焊接該些角鋼連接該鏤空鋼板之四周以固定該些角鋼; (A2)放置每一接續柱結構之複數個箍筋;以及 該步驟(C)進一步包含: (C1)設置該些運輸軌道於該鏤空鋼板上。The method described in claim 11, wherein: This step (A) further includes: (A1) Place a plurality of angle steels for each connecting column structure; among them: A hollow steel plate is arranged between the angle steels, and the angle steels are welded to connect the circumference of the hollow steel plate to fix the angle steels; (A2) Place multiple stirrups for each connecting column structure; and This step (C) further includes: (C1) Set the transportation rails on the hollow steel plate.
  15. 如請求項11所述之方法,其中: 該步驟(A)進一步包含: (A1’)放置每一接續柱結構之一鋼筋籠; (A2’)放置每一接續柱結構之一鐵板;以及 該步驟(C)進一步包含: (C1’)設置該些運輸軌道鎖於該鐵板上。The method described in claim 11, wherein: This step (A) further includes: (A1’) Place one of the reinforcement cages of each connecting column structure; (A2’) Place one iron plate of each connecting column structure; and This step (C) further includes: (C1') The transportation rails are locked on the iron plate.
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