200932976 九、發明說明： 【發明所屬之技術領域】 本發明關於一種用於製造根據申請專利範圍第丨項前 各所述的針織布的方法。本發明同時關於一種用於執行根 據本發明的方法的裝置。 【先前技術】 ❹ Ο 在過去，有多種直接從短纖維或粗紗製造針織布的方 案。這樣，紡紗的傳統中間階段是紗線的形成，將其捲繞 到線軸上且可能重覆捲繞。該針織布可被生產而具有明顯 更大的經濟價值。 。 例如’文獻US-A-3,877,254 S出將短纖維傳送到針織 機的針上。該裝置以圓編針織機為例作為描述的基礎。該 短纖維由毛刷排列成一圈，由一具有釣子的輪提取，再^ 达給將短纖維製成針織布的圓編針織機。該網格中的 =織布具有必要的強度。同時也說明了紗線的 也可被編織進去。 織區^ W〇 2004-079068描述了一種圓編針織機’其編 織-由短纖維的粗紗代替精製的紗線來供紗料。在併條系 統中’該粗紗被延伸到預期的紗數，並傳送到如補強 :=條的織針上。如…中所述二 個或更多滾筒，其具有雙皮圈和一對運鍋 大型：現有技術中的用於纺紗的環錠式精紡機。對於 大型的圓編針織機具有更大尺寸的圓柱，例如，可設置48 6 200932976 個或96個編織區，其提出將一旋流喷嘴設於該併條機和 該編織區之間，其中將一假撚提供給該拉拔的纖維棉條。 此類型的臨時加固紗具有足夠的強度以被傳送更長的距 離另方面，該假撚應該在到達編織區的過程中被鬆開， 以便讓該纖維由織針被合併為針織布時大致彼此平行，如 此紗線的無撚度使針織布感覺很柔軟。 由於加工的粗紗明顯比完全的細紗便宜，所以對從拉 ΟBACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing a knitted fabric according to the foregoing of the claims. The invention also relates to an apparatus for performing the method according to the invention. [Prior Art] ❹ Ο In the past, there were various proposals for making knitted fabrics directly from short fibers or rovings. Thus, the traditional intermediate stage of spinning is the formation of the yarn, which is wound onto a bobbin and possibly rewinded. The knitted fabric can be produced with significantly greater economic value. . For example, the document US-A-3,877,254 S delivers staple fibers to the needle of a knitting machine. The device takes a circular knitting machine as an example for the description. The short fibers are arranged in a circle by a brush, and are extracted by a wheel having a fisherman, and then fed to a circular knitting machine which is made of a short fiber into a knitted fabric. The = weave in this grid has the necessary strength. It also shows that the yarn can also be woven into it. The weaving area ^ W〇 2004-079068 describes a circular knitting machine 'which is woven--a short yarn roving instead of a refined yarn for the yarn. In the drawdown system, the roving is extended to the desired number of yarns and transferred to a needle such as a reinforcing:= strip. Two or more rollers as described in the following, having a double apron and a pair of large drums: a prior art ring spinning machine for spinning. For a large circular knitting machine with a larger size cylinder, for example, 48 6 200932976 or 96 knitting zones can be provided, which proposes to provide a swirling nozzle between the draw frame and the weaving zone, wherein A false twist is provided to the drawn fiber tampon. This type of temporary reinforcing yarn has sufficient strength to be conveyed for a longer distance. On the other hand, the false twist should be loosened during the process of reaching the weaving area so that the fibers are roughly combined with each other when the knitting needles are combined into a knitted fabric. Parallel, the flawlessness of the yarn makes the knitted fabric feel very soft. Since the processed roving is significantly cheaper than the full spun yarn, it is pulled from the Ο
伸的粗沙中製成的纖維棉條的直接加工具有高商業利潤。 然而，該臨時補強的缺點是，該通過假撚聚合到一起的纖 維棉條不會總被可靠地從該延伸系統的出口傳送到織針而 沒有中斷的現象。在纖維棉條中短暫停頓可能反復發生。 k一通㊉不會造成針織加工的停止，由於該纖維棉條 傳送速度·-達$’j 2GG米/秒或以上—該線程監控甚至不會被 觸動；此外，其他的纖維棉條立即找到其到達織針 在纖維棉條的供給過程中的瞬斷，導致了位於 徑向或轴向的孔洞。然而’該些孔洞意味著該 全不合格的。 W疋70 【發明内容】 因此，本發明的目的是提供—種克服 造針織布的方法和裝置中的缺點的方法。形成 裝置允許從粗紗中製造出無故障的 具有直接使用粗紗的成本優勢。該針織布具有舒適感、 此任務是藉由一種描述於申請專利範圍第i項中的特 7 200932976 :部顯示的用於從粗紗中製造針織布的方法來實 務也通過一種描述於獨立裝置主 特徵部分的特徵顯示的相關裝置來實現。本〗：圍： 他有利的實施例都是不同的相關方二 的申凊專利範圍的標的β 褒置 本發明目的在提供—種用於製造針織布的方法The direct processing of the fiber tampon made in the coarse sand has a high commercial profit. However, this temporary reinforcement has the disadvantage that the fiber slivers which are brought together by false twisting are not always reliably transferred from the exit of the extension system to the needle without interruption. Short pauses in fiber slivers may occur repeatedly. K-Ten 10 will not cause the knitting process to stop, because the fiber tampon transfer speed - up to $'j 2GG m / sec or more - the thread monitoring will not even be touched; in addition, other fiber tampon immediately found it The arrival of the needle in the supply of the fiber tampon results in a radial or axial hole. However, the holes mean that they are all unqualified. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a method of overcoming the disadvantages of the method and apparatus for making a knitted fabric. The forming device allows for a trouble-free manufacture of the roving with the cost advantage of using the roving directly. The knitted fabric has a comfortable feeling, and the task is to use a method for manufacturing a knitted fabric from a roving, which is described in the section of the patent application, item i 200932976: The feature of the feature portion is displayed by a related device. This article: Wai: his advantageous embodiments are different related parties. The scope of the patent application of the scope of the beta is set to provide a method for manufacturing knitted fabrics.
❹ 系==條在—前述的被提供於每個針織機的織針的延伸 统引U拔到預期的細度。每個纖維棉條在從 :到該織針的路徑上被持久地補強。該持續 = 條可在該織針處被發現。 &纖維棉 由於该纖維棉條在從該延伸系統到達織針的路徑 斷=補ΐ ’所以完全克服了纖維供應到織針過程中的瞬 。。Μ於會造成被觀測到中斷的該假撼可以很快的被 汗，一持續補強的纖維棉條也可被運送更長的距 補強县穩rfe· Μ Λ 檨疋的，且可在織針處的纖維棉條中被驗證。該持 續=強也可在製造的針織布中被驗證。該持續補強與有效 的、V撚不同，但足以給予該纖維棉條足夠的強度。這樣， 對於製造的針織布的柔軟感影響不大。 ^本發明再—最佳實施方法中，該持續補強的纖維棉條 藉”衣該纖維棉條的中心纏繞纖維來達到，其中該纖維大 致疋無撚的且被排列成彼此平行。該纖維棉條中心的戴面 積來看纖維佔的比重較大。胃包圍的纖維被捲繞於該中心 的圓周，且彼此重疊、互連。這樣，傳輸的纖維棉條達到 了適度的穩固’無需同時形成一有效的紗線（例如在環錠 8 200932976 式精紡機中形成的一樣）。 為了加©，該纖維棉條藉由一氣動操作的纺 氣纺絲嘴）有效的從一延伸系統傳送到一鱗針之路徑。: 形成穩定的狀態但卻可以傳輸，纖維棉條包括—環維 的：心，藉由調整纺絲嘴的相關操作參數（例如旋渴氣流 的谷量，速度和程度）而能令該纖維棉條相互間大致呈平 行。該操作參數取決於使用纖維的類型和預期的加固程 f，可能由技術專家根據簡單的實驗系列補充的經 疋。 由於空間的原因，例如當使用圓編針織機時，如果很 多粗紗在-延伸系統中被拉伸到一預期的細度且大致彼此 平行’該空間是有利的。來自延伸系統的纖維棉條被” ==挨著的纺絲嘴’每個紡絲嘴被分配到一個相關的 在一最佳的實施例中，為了維修，該纺絲嘴被設置於 一由壓縮空氣的公共源供給的延伸系統中。例如，如果— 紡絲嘴連接於一特定延伸系統上需要維修或更換時，在另 :個延伸系統上的紡絲嘴就不會被影響，就如壓縮空氣會 二别供給到各個延伸系統的彼此獨立的紡絲嘴而不受影 曰认誠Γ所有的紡絲嘴也可能由—中心壓縮空氣系統來 供、°，每個紡絲嘴或一組紡絲嘴仍可能被個別地斷開， 但不妨害對於其他紡絲嘴的壓縮线的供給。❹ = = = - The extension of the aforementioned knitting needles provided for each knitting machine is drawn to the desired fineness. Each fiber tampon is permanently reinforced in the path from : to the needle. This continuation = strip can be found at the needle. &fiber cotton completely overcomes the moment when the fiber is supplied to the knitting needle because the fiber tampon reaches the path from the extension system to the knitting needle. . The false sputum that causes the interruption to be observed can be quickly sweated, and a continuously reinforced fiber tampon can also be transported for a longer distance to reinforce the county's stable rfe· Μ Λ ,, and can be used in knitting needles. The fiber tampon in the area was verified. This continuation = strong can also be verified in the manufactured knitted fabric. This continuous reinforcement is different from the effective, V捻, but sufficient to give the fiber tampon sufficient strength. Thus, the soft feeling of the manufactured knitted fabric is not greatly affected. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the continuously reinforced fiber tampon is achieved by entanglement of the fibers in the center of the fiber tampon, wherein the fibers are substantially ruthless and aligned parallel to each other. At the center of the strip, the fiber accounts for a large proportion. The fibers surrounded by the stomach are wound around the circumference of the center and overlap and interconnect with each other. Thus, the transmitted fiber tampon achieves moderate stability. An effective yarn (for example, formed in Ring 8 200932976 spinning machine). For the addition of ©, the fiber tampon is effectively transferred from an extension system to a pneumatically operated spinning nozzle. The path of the scale needle: a stable state but can be transmitted, the fiber tampon includes - a ring-shaped: heart, by adjusting the relevant operating parameters of the spinning nozzle (such as the amount, speed and extent of the thirsty airflow) The tampon can be made substantially parallel to each other. The operating parameters depend on the type of fiber used and the expected reinforcement process f, which may be supplemented by a technologist based on a simple experimental series. For space reasons, such as when using a circular knitting machine, if a lot of rovings are stretched into a desired fineness in an extension system and are substantially parallel to each other, the space is advantageous. The fiber tampon from the extension system is ===Spinning Spinners' Each spinning nozzle is assigned to an associated one. In a preferred embodiment, the spinning nozzle is placed in an extension provided by a common source of compressed air for maintenance. In the system. For example, if the spinning nozzle is attached to a specific extension system and needs to be repaired or replaced, the spinning nozzle on the other extension system will not be affected, just as compressed air will be supplied to each extension system. Spinning nozzles that are independent of one another and are not affected by the acknowledgment. All spinning nozzles may also be supplied by a central compressed air system. °, each spinning nozzle or a group of spinning nozzles may still be individually disconnected. , but does not hinder the supply of compression lines for other spinning nozzles.
果來自該紡絲嘴的出口的空氣被導入位於該紡 和該織針之間㈣管中是有益的。同時，該導管用於導I 200932976 該持續補強的纖維棉條到該織針。該氣流通過該導管支持 該纖維棉條的傳送。 一種根據本發明的製造針織布的裝置包括-具有織針 2針織機’其具有至少—個用於將一供給的纖維棉條加工 成針織布的編織區，和一在該編織區之前的延伸系統，其 將一粗紗拉拔成-具有預期細度的纖維棉條。該裝置位於 〇 Ο 該延伸系統和該織針之間將持續對來自延伸系統的且的纖 維棉條補強。 在本發明的又-最佳實施例中，該用於纖維棉條的持 續補強的裝置為氣動操作的紡絲嘴（空氣纺絲嘴）。此類 氣動紡絲嘴或空氣紡絲嘴是公知的且可從現有技術中 獲得。 由於空間的原因，兩個或更多粗紗可在一延伸系統中 Γ行地拉伸。在本發明的實施例中，每位延伸系統的相 應的兩個或更多纺絲嘴之中心距離在8醜至3Gmm之間。 間間隔，該纖維棉條通過—延伸系統傳送到該纺絲 嘴而無需改變它們的方向。 八該紡絲嘴與一延伸系統被有利地連接到一魔縮空氣的 2共f。這樣’該獨立的纺絲嘴或—組紡絲嘴可被獨立操 ^個紡絲嘴或 '組紡絲嘴對於㈣縮S氣系統的依賴 不會影響I縮空氣對於其他延伸系統的供應。 在本發明進一步的實施例中，用於該持續補強的纖維 ^條的導管位於該纺絲嘴和該織針之間，同時適合接收來 該紡絲嘴的出口的空氣。特別當該傳送距離报長時，該 200932976 導管保證了該持續補強的纖維棉條可被安全地和連續地傳 送到織針。它們也適合帶走來自該紡絲嘴的壓縮空氣。這 樣二氣中包含的纖維和隨之產生的針織機的污染是可以 避免的。 〇 你一很糠本發明的進一步的特別有利的實施例中，該 紡絲嘴之前的延伸系統具有拉伸元件和相關的驅動發動 機，該系統的軸與-底盤成90。，且其縱向邊端被連接於 該底盤。例如，該延伸系統可被當作—具有入口和出口輕 一I::缸併條機來操作。該驅動輥對的軸連接該底盤於 一縱向邊端且與該底盤成約 動㈣該拉伸％件和該相關驅 且易於保持的砝槿。慢點且允弁-非常緊湊 獨立穿置甘統的明顯益處是設置其為-苟立裝置’其可被安裝和 成困難。因此，兮私“ 小貧對臨近的延伸系統造 U此該針織機的停機時間會报短。 本發明的進一步的古兴 系統和該針織機的* 變化在該具有纺紗裝置的延伸 和傳送襄置做為積Γ之間結合了線庫和傳輪裝置。該線庫 機同步作動，且納是接供“从操作’並與該該針織 另-實施例中；持續補強的纖維棉條。在 式來操作，通常：根：和傳送系統則做為庫存喂紗器的形 量的材料。存儲針織機的需要來供給其所需量數 作。也可為以式喂 延㈣統的驅動同步操 器或存儲式喂紗 ’其可選擇性的料積極式喂紗 榀彳、> f #作0這樣，可潠摆丨V 4 土 式）或間斷方式來 選擇Μ連續方式（積 供V線’例如為了在平滑針織布（單 11 200932976 面）或提花針織布之間改變。該針織機和該延伸系統的驅 動可完全地彼此斷開用於該編織/穿線連接加工。這樣，當 該針織機是固定的時，該持續補強的纖維棉條可首先通過 *亥延伸系統或該紡絲嘴被旋轉。它們可能手動地通過該喂 紗器被供給於該針織機的絲導件。此後該針織機被啟動。 根據本發明的裝置可為任一類型和大小的針織機。用 於如本發明所述圓編針織機之紡絲嘴和獨立延伸系統將更 ◎ 有義。喂紗器組合對於圓編針織機是特別有利的，這樣該 中系”先位於距該針筒很遠的距離，因此可相應地設置於 大的圓周的周圍。這對於空間關係是有利的。 【實施方式】 圖1所不為本發明的用於直接從拉伸粗紗製造針織布 的奘罢AA甘丄 且 原理。根據一顯示的實施例’該裝置包括— 、針筒3的圓編針織機丨，例如在其上活動地設有μ ❹ 或96個針4’特別是舌針型式。當然，該裝置丄也可能 平板針織機來代替圓編針織機。例如，該針4直接將一 ^Y送人到編織區之中，該紗可例如來自—圓桶之併條 、或是來自錠翼紗管5域翼粗 在該粗紗Y進入到位於私域〇 ^ 〇 又 針織機丨在-延=之織針4的位置處。該圓編 一 系統6之後，在其在該粗紗γ被拉拔為 J期細度的纖維棉條。為了看的清楚的理由，在圖i中 個單 、、先6。如本發明所述的一些實施例每 、延伸系統有各自的編織區。然而，也可以由一個 12 200932976 公用的延伸系統為兩個或更多的編織區提供拉伸的纖維棉 條。那樣’互相平行的兩條粗紗Y在該延伸系統中被同時 拉拔到一預期細度。 在該延伸系統6和該織針4之間設置一裝置11，其置 於此之目的在令由該延伸系統6拉出之纖維棉條γ被持續 補強。該用於穩定加固該纖維棉條γ的裝置11最好為一 氣動式紡絲嘴。此類型的紡絲嘴也涉及一空氣紡絲嘴，例 如從文獻EP-A-1 518 949或EP-A-1 826 299中可知。一紡 ® 絲嘴1 1被提供給每個來自一延伸系統6的纖維棉條γ。可 將兩個或更多的紡絲嘴丨i用到同一個延伸系統6。 該紡絲嘴1 1連接上一延伸系統6，最好被連接於一共 同的壓縮二氣來源。這樣，該單一的紡絲嘴1 1或一組紡 絲嘴可被獨立操作。-紡絲嘴或一組紡絲嘴對於該壓縮空 氣系統的依賴不會影響壓縮空氣對於其他延伸系統的$ 給。 ^ 錄不·目紡絲嘴 ❹ …《丨與、，供怖條γ可被直接 供給到一編織區2,在此其通過該織針3被加工成針織布。 該纖維棉冑Y㈣續補強可在該織# 4處和加1的 上顯現出f在另-實施例中，可能有—位於該紡絲嘴 和^織針4之間的導管㈣於持久地補強纖維棉條γ 導管同時接收來自該紡絲嘴u的出口 # ♦寸信…π祕 士 的工氧。特別是 田料錢離很長時，該導管確保了該持續補強的= 條可安全且不間斷的到達該織針4。另外，其” 、、棉 該紡絲嘴1 1的應媳介Λ 、▲战.^ 、可帶走來自 嘴"的廢縮工…樣’空氣中含有的纖維和隨 13 200932976 之產生的針織機的污染是可以避免的。 〜圖2顯示了在該紡絲嘴内的持續補強的纖維棉 不思圖。該纖維棉條具有一中心c ,其中詨、的 =是無撚捻且彼此平行的狀態。由於在該紡絲嘴 流動’該朝向外面的纖維在該纖維棉條的中：軋、 起來。這些捲繞在外面的纖維T環繞該纖維棉條Y二:繞 C圍:=的尺寸占該纖維很大的比重。該包圍的纖維： 〇圍為於遠中心C的圓周，且彼此重養、交錯。這樣，傳輪 的纖維棉條Y達到了適度的穩固，且無需同時形成環 錠式精紡機中要有效的紡紗。 顯示在圖3中延伸系統6為用於拉伸粗紡紗 (slubbmg )的三針筒併條機。該粗紡紗為一已經具有— 定撚度的粗紗Y。這樣，粗紡紗可被捲繞於粗紗管上，其 可間早的安裝於-針織機（特別是圓編針織機）的線轴架 上。粗紡紗的足夠強度使其傳送相對長的距離是沒有問題 ◎ 的。為了儘可能將粗紡紗Y拉伸到一預定細紗的程度，其 包含的撚度為了必須在進入到主要拉伸區之前將其拉伸到 足夠細的程度，而要在該併條機的初步拉伸區被鬆開。在 二針筒併條機6中’該初步拉伸區從該入口夾送輥對了延 伸到該用於雙皮圈8的皮圈輥。該初步拉伸由每對輥的不 同的圓周速度產生’該圓周速度最好在1 2到1.4的範圍 内。該主要拉伸區從該雙皮圈8延伸到該出口夾送輥對9。 該粗纺紗在該主要拉伸區中以25到50之間的係數被拉 拔。 200932976 在圖3中可見，該整個延伸裝置6係一整組構造並置 於一底座60上，該每個夾送輥對都具有上輥7ι，η或“ 和下針筒72，82或92。該夾送輥對7的下針筒72、82或 92’該雙皮圏8的皮圈輥和該出口夾送輥對9被裝在軸上 而該軸則被固定於該底座60的一端，並且向外伸出沒有 固定。該上入口輥71和上皮圈輥81安裝時有軸承分別裝 在安裝板78上，該安裝板藉由一張力彈* 75被連接於底 座60。該張力彈簧75在一從該底座6〇到一設於安裝板上 © 的推力點77的支撐軸承中延伸，且通過具有—設於該底 座60上樞轴的夾緊凸輪76來載入。該彈簧迫使上入口輥 71和上皮圏輥81分別抵住該下入口針管72或該下皮圈針 管81。該最初的夾緊力可因此通過該加緊凸輪被調整。該 上出口輥9丨在支架96上具有軸承，其可以該底座6〇自 由移動。該支架96由一板形彈簧93施力，該彈簧一端被 固定與該底座60的一個突起物95上。該上出口輥“僅 設於該支架96上，在克服板形彈簧9S的張力可很容易地 Ο 從該下出口棍92將該上出口輥91來拉出來。 如圖所示，一粗紗導件10設於該延伸裝置6的入口並 在該入口夾送輥對7之前《該入口夾送輥對7的上輥71， 81和它們的具有雙皮圈8的皮圈輥通過該拉伸裝置75、 76、77、79被彈黃載入且抵住每個相關的下針筒72、 該上出口輥91通過固定在該底盤6〇上板形彈簧93來拉 伸，且抵住該下出口針筒92。該下針筒72、82、92藉由 驅動馬達62、63來驅動；這些也連接於該底座6〇並延伸 15 200932976 、63 *好是通過頻率轉換來控制的同步 :二Π針筒的驅動機構（傳動齒輪、驅動輪、齒形帶) 於該底座60的後部且通過一蓋子“來防止被污染。 圖3中的震置基本上與習知的環旋式精纺機的三針筒 或多針筒併條機是不同的1而在這些情況下，該央送棍 和兩=相鄰編織區的該併條機的下針筒被設置在同一轴 ❹ Ο 匕們通常至少在其端部被夾緊且也總在軸中心被支 撐二本發明提出了完全獨立的延伸裝£ 6，其拉伸元件僅 固定於一端，且被懸臂樑的方式設於底座00上。與習知 的併條機形成不同’其中該上出口輥通過彈簧擠壓來抵住 -連續的下針筒，在此的每個延伸裝置都具有其各自的輸 出夾送輥對。該相鄰的延伸系統的配置因此不再位於同一 線的下針筒的周圍。相反，每個延伸裝置作為一個個體來 操作，其不依賴於該相鄰的延伸裝置。 該夹送輥對7, 8, 9和該相配合的驅動馬達62, 63的 軸與該底座的角度約為90。，並連接在該底座60垂直邊上。 該拉伸元件和該相關驅動馬達的浮動配置具有設計上的優 點而令其為一非常簡潔且易於保養的結構。該延伸系統的 明顯益處是設置其為一獨立裝置，其可被安裝和移動且不 會對附近的延伸系統造成困難。因此，該針織機的停機時 間會很短。此種獨立裝置在它們可以與相鄰元件成一角度 安裝時會對於圓編針織機特別有益。此令所有的圓編針織 機的編織區都可被供送抽拉粗紗。 圖4中數字1為整個圓編針織機，其具有一線庫和傳 16 200932976 2裝置.此類型的線庫和傳送裝置刚 中，相同元件且有如圖tr為同義詞。在圖4 機！依次連接1針行3 <的參考編號。該圓編針織 個織針4,特別β舌斜 其中活動設置有48個或96 粗紗γ η: 織針4被持續供給持續拉伸的 ""二粗紗可以是例如來自於被置於該圓編針織機 1的紗牟卜ill鲜ΛΑ Μ从， Χ @、鄉句*，纖機 :“ 3、併條機粗紗或來自粗紗管5的粗紡紗。 〇 棉條^ 以粗、ν γ被拉伸到一預設細度的纖維 棉條且在妨絲嘴11中被持續加強。 該線庫和傳送裝置100作為該拉拔和 的纖維棉條Υ的中門左 攻的得送 0中間存儲。在該編織/穿線連接加工過程 I線庫和傳送裝置_、該圓編針織機丨和該延伸系 、、、、6的驅動可彼此完全地或部分地斷開操作。這允許二 ::中的纖維棉條γ首先由該延伸系統’隨後由紡絲嘴η 生’無需開始該圓編針織機i和’或喂紗器的操作。該 ❹形成的可傳送的纖維棉條被傳送到該喂紗器⑽，從此其 被傳送到該圓編針織機i。只有當該持續補強的纖維棉條 y被置士於該圓編針織機i的絲導件13中，該機器才開始啟 動。攻包括將該圓編針織機和該延伸系統6的驅動與 紗器的驅動結合。入口切斷裝i 101或出口切斷装置m 位於汉紗器100之前和之後，監控該纖維棉條Y的中斷， 且當斷線時切斷該圓編針織機1和該延伸系統6 ^ 卜該喂紗器100可作為存儲式喂紗器來操作。例如，一 旋轉線滾筒具有一第一圓周部分和一第二圓周部分，該第 17 200932976 ❹ 一圓周部分連接於一皮帶形式的傳送帶，該第二圓周部分 脫離於該傳送帶。如果該纖維棉條位於該第—圓周部分和 該傳送帶之間’其將被強制地和連續地供給到該針織機的 針，以相應於該線滾筒或該傳送帶（積極式喂炒器）的圓 周速度的速度。另一方面，如果該纖維棉條位於該第二圓 周部分，其僅當其需要且通過該針織機（間斷式喂紗器） 將拉伸提供給其時才會被傳送。此類型的存儲式喂紗器（包 括改進的）可從DE 41 16 497 A1中得知。位於該延伸系 統6和其後的紡絲嘴u之間的存儲式喂紗器ι〇〇的配置 產生了該可傳送的強纖維棉條γ，因此該針織機i可選擇 地破永久的（積極地）或間斷的被供給，例如為了在平滑 針織布產品（單面）或提花針織布之間改變。 【圖式簡單說明】 ^本發明進一步的優點、特徵和變化可在以上實施例的 ❹ 描述中看到，該附圖未按照規定比例，顯示為： 圖1為根據本發明原理的示意圖； 圖2為一持續補強的纖維棉條； 圖3為—具有模組結構的延伸系統；且 圖4為一具有一綜合的線庫和傳送裝置的裝置示意 【主要元件符號說明】 1針織機 18 200932976 2編織區 3針筒 4織針 5粗紗管 6延伸系統 7入口夾送輥對 8雙皮圈 9出口夾送輥對 Ο 1 0粗紗導件 11紡絲嘴 12導管 1 3絲導件 60底座 62，63驅動發動機 64蓋子 71，91上輥 ❹ 72，92下針筒 75張力彈簧 76夾緊凸輪 77推力點 78安裝板 79拉伸裝置 81上皮圈輥 82下針筒 19 200932976 93板形彈簧 95突起 100線庫和傳送裝置 1 0 1入口切斷裝置 102出口切斷裝置It is advantageous that air from the outlet of the spinning nozzle is introduced into the tube between the spinning and the knitting needle. At the same time, the catheter is used to guide I 200932976 the continuous reinforcing fiber tampon to the needle. The gas stream supports the delivery of the fiber tampon through the conduit. An apparatus for manufacturing a knitted fabric according to the present invention comprises - a knitting machine having a knitting needle 2 having at least one woven region for processing a supplied fiber tampon into a knitted fabric, and an extension before the woven region A system that pulls a roving into a fiber tampon having the desired fineness. The device is located between the extension system and the needle and will continue to reinforce the fiber sliver from the extension system. In a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the means for sustaining the fiber tampon is a pneumatically operated spinning nozzle (air spinning nozzle). Such pneumatic spinning nozzles or air spinning nozzles are well known and available from the prior art. For reasons of space, two or more rovings can be stretched in an extended manner. In an embodiment of the invention, the center distance of the respective two or more spinning nozzles of each extension system is between 8 ugs and 3 Gmm. At intervals, the fiber tampon is transferred to the spinning nozzle through an extension system without changing their orientation. Eight of the spinning nozzles and an extension system are advantageously connected to a confining air. Thus, the independent spinning nozzle or group of spinning nozzles can be independently operated by a spinning nozzle or a 'group of spinning nozzles' dependence on the (d) S gas system without affecting the supply of air to other extension systems. In a further embodiment of the invention, a conduit for the continuously reinforcing fiber strip is located between the spinning nozzle and the needle and is adapted to receive air from the outlet of the spinning nozzle. In particular, when the delivery distance is reported, the 200932976 catheter ensures that the continuously reinforced fiber tampon can be safely and continuously delivered to the needle. They are also suitable for carrying away compressed air from the spinning nozzle. The contamination of the fibers contained in such a second gas and the resulting knitting machine can be avoided. 〇 As far as a further particularly advantageous embodiment of the invention is concerned, the extension system before the spinning nozzle has a tensile element and an associated drive engine, the shaft of which is 90-to the chassis. And its longitudinal end is connected to the chassis. For example, the extension system can be operated as having an inlet and outlet light I:: cylinder draw frame. The shaft of the pair of drive rollers connects the chassis to a longitudinal end and is in engagement with the chassis (4) the stretched member and the associated drive that is easily retained. Slow and Allowable - Very Compact The obvious benefit of a stand-alone Gansu is to set it up as a "stand-up device" which can be installed and made difficult. Therefore, the smuggling "small poverty to the adjacent extension system makes the knitting machine's downtime short. The further geek system of the present invention and the knitting machine * change in the extension and transmission of the spinning device The line is combined with the line library and the transfer device as the stacking unit. The line library machine is operated synchronously, and the nano is connected to the "from operation" and the knitting is further used in the embodiment; the continuous reinforcing fiber tampon . In the operation, usually: the root: and the conveyor system is used as the material of the stock feeder. The need to store the knitting machine is to supply the required amount. It can also be used to drive the synchronous or four-segment drive synchronous machine or the storage type of yarn. Its optional material positive feeding yarn, > f #为0, can be placed in V 4 soil type) Or intermittently to select the Μ continuous mode (the supply of V lines 'for example, for changing between a smooth knitted fabric (single 11 200932976 face) or a jacquard knitted fabric. The knitting machine and the drive of the extension system can be completely disconnected from each other. The weaving/threading process is processed. Thus, when the knitting machine is stationary, the continuously reinforced fiber tampon may first be rotated through the *Hair extension system or the spinning nozzle. They may pass the yarn feeder manually. a wire guide supplied to the knitting machine. The knitting machine is thereafter activated. The device according to the invention may be a knitting machine of any type and size. For the spinning nozzle of the circular knitting machine according to the invention and The independent extension system will be more versatile. The yarn feeder combination is particularly advantageous for circular knitting machines, so that the middle system is located at a great distance from the cylinder and can therefore be placed around a large circumference accordingly. This is for spatial relations [Embodiment] FIG. 1 is not the principle of the present invention for manufacturing a knitted fabric directly from a stretch roving and the principle. According to a display embodiment, the device includes - a syringe 3 The circular knitting machine 丨 is, for example, provided with μ ❹ or 96 needles 4', in particular a stylus type, on the movable side. Of course, the device 丄 may also be a flat knitting machine instead of a circular knitting machine. For example, the needle 4 directly send a ^Y to the weaving area, the yarn can be, for example, from the draw-down of the drum, or from the wing of the spindle tube 5, the wing is thicker in the roving Y and enters the private area. The knitting machine is at the position of the knitting needle 4 of the extension = 4. After the knitting of the system 6, the fiber tampon in which the roving γ is drawn into the J-stage fineness. For the sake of clarity, In the figures i, the first 6. In some embodiments of the invention, the extension system has its own weaving zone. However, it is also possible to have two or more weaving zones by a 12 200932976 common extension system. A stretched fiber tampon is provided. The two rovings Y that are parallel to each other are in the extension The system is simultaneously pulled to an expected fineness. A device 11 is provided between the extension system 6 and the knitting needle 4, which is placed for the purpose of causing the fiber tampon γ pulled by the extension system 6 to be The device 11 for stabilizing the tampon γ is preferably a pneumatic spinning nozzle. This type of spinning nozzle also relates to an air spinning nozzle, for example from the document EP-A-1 518 949 It is known from EP-A-1 826 299. A spinning® nozzle 1 1 is supplied to each of the fiber slivers γ from an extension system 6. Two or more spinning nozzles can be used in the same An extension system 6. The spinning nozzle 1 1 is connected to an upper extension system 6, preferably connected to a common source of compressed gas. Thus, the single spinning nozzle 1 1 or a group of spinning nozzles can be independently operating. - The dependence of the spinning nozzle or a group of spinning nozzles on the compressed air system does not affect the compression of the compressed air for other extension systems. ^ Recording No. Spinning Mouth 丨 ... "丨和,, 供 γ γ can be directly supplied to a weaving zone 2, where it is processed into a knitted fabric by the knitting needle 3. The fiber quilt Y (four) continuation reinforcement can be seen at the weave #4 and the addition of 1 in another embodiment, there may be - a conduit (four) between the spinning nozzle and the needle 4 for permanent The reinforcing fiber tampon γ duct receives the outlet from the spinning nozzle u at the same time. In particular, when the field money is long, the duct ensures that the continuous reinforcement = bar can reach the needle 4 safely and without interruption. In addition, the ", cotton, the spinning nozzle 1 1 媳 、 ▲ ▲ ▲ ^ ^ 、 、 、 、 可 可 可 可 可 可 可 可 可 可 可 可 可 可 可 可 可 可 可 可 可 可 可 可 样 样 样 样 样 样 样 样 样 样 样 样 空气 空气Contamination of the knitting machine can be avoided. ~ Figure 2 shows the continuous reinforcement of the fiber cotton in the spinning nozzle. The fiber tampon has a center c, where 詨, = is flawless and each other Parallel state. Due to the flow in the spinning nozzle, the outwardly facing fibers are rolled in the fiber tampon. These wound outer fibers T surround the fiber tampon Y: around C:= The size of the fiber accounts for a large proportion. The surrounding fibers: the circumference of the circumference is at the center of the far center C, and are re-cultured and staggered with each other. Thus, the fiber tampon Y of the transmission wheel is moderately stable, and it is not necessary to simultaneously Forming an effective spinning in a ring-type spinning machine. The extension system 6 shown in Fig. 3 is a three-cylinder draw frame for stretching a roving (slubbmg). The roving is one that has The roving Y of the twist. In this way, the roving can be wound on the roving tube, which can be early On the bobbin of the knitting machine (especially the circular knitting machine), the sufficient strength of the spun yarn makes it possible to convey a relatively long distance. In order to stretch the roving Y to a predetermined position as much as possible. The degree of spun yarn, which contains the twist so that it must be stretched to a sufficiently fine extent before entering the main stretch zone, and is to be loosened in the initial stretch zone of the draw frame. In the machine 6, the preliminary stretching zone extends from the inlet pinch roller to the apron roller for the double apron 8. The preliminary stretching is produced by the different peripheral speeds of each pair of rollers. Preferably, it is in the range of 12 to 1.4. The main stretch zone extends from the double apron 8 to the pair of exit pinch rolls 9. The spun yarn is subjected to a coefficient of between 25 and 50 in the main stretch zone. As can be seen in Figure 3, the entire extension 6 is of a complete set and placed on a base 60, each of which has an upper roller 7i, η or "and a lower syringe 72, 82 Or 92. The lower needle cylinder 72, 82 or 92' of the pinch roller pair 7 is attached to the shaft by the apron roller of the double skin 8 and the pair of outlet pinch rollers 9 and the shaft is fixed to one end of the base 60 And it does not stick out. The upper inlet roller 71 and the upper apron roller 81 are mounted with bearings mounted on a mounting plate 78, which is attached to the base 60 by a force bomb * 75. The tension spring 75 extends in a support bearing from the base 6 to a thrust point 77 provided on the mounting plate © and is loaded by a clamping cam 76 having a pivot disposed on the base 60. The spring forces the upper inlet roller 71 and the upper skin roller 81 against the lower inlet needle 72 or the lower apron needle 81, respectively. This initial clamping force can thus be adjusted by the clamping cam. The upper exit roller 9 has a bearing on the bracket 96 which is free to move by the base 6〇. The bracket 96 is biased by a plate spring 93 which is fixed at one end to a projection 95 of the base 60. The upper exit roller is "only disposed on the bracket 96. The upper outlet roller 91 can be easily pulled out from the lower outlet roller 92 against the tension of the leaf spring 9S. As shown, a roving guide The piece 10 is disposed at the entrance of the extension device 6 and before the inlet pinch roller pair 7 "the upper rollers 71, 81 of the inlet pinch roller pair 7 and their apron rolls having the double aprons 8 pass the stretching The devices 75, 76, 77, 79 are loaded by the yellowing and against each associated lower needle cylinder 72, the upper outlet roller 91 is stretched by a plate spring 93 fixed to the chassis 6 and against the Lower outlet cylinder 92. The lower cylinders 72, 82, 92 are driven by drive motors 62, 63; these are also connected to the base 6 and extend 15 200932976, 63 * preferably synchronized by frequency conversion: The drive mechanism (transmission gear, drive wheel, toothed belt) of the second syringe is at the rear of the base 60 and passes through a cover to prevent contamination. The shock in Figure 3 is substantially different from the conventional three-cylinder or multi-cylinder draw frame of a cyclonic spinning machine. In these cases, the central feeding stick and two = adjacent knitting zones The lower needle barrel of the draw frame is placed on the same shaft Ο 匕 We are usually clamped at least at its ends and are always supported at the center of the shaft. The present invention proposes a completely independent extension. The extension element is only fixed at one end and is disposed on the base 00 by means of a cantilever beam. Unlike the conventional draw frame, the upper exit roller is pressed against the continuous lower needle barrel by a spring, each of which has its respective output pinch roller pair. The configuration of the adjacent extension system is therefore no longer located around the lower barrel of the same line. Instead, each extension device operates as an individual that does not rely on the adjacent extension device. The pinch roller pairs 7, 8, 9 and the mating drive motors 62, 63 have an angle of about 90 to the base. And connected to the vertical side of the base 60. The tensioning element and the floating configuration of the associated drive motor have design advantages that make it a very compact and easy to maintain structure. A significant benefit of the extension system is that it is provided as a stand-alone device that can be installed and moved without causing difficulties to nearby extension systems. Therefore, the downtime of the knitting machine will be short. Such stand-alone devices are particularly advantageous for circular knitting machines when they can be mounted at an angle to adjacent components. This allows all of the knitting zones of the circular knitting machine to be supplied with the drawn roving. The numeral 1 in Fig. 4 is the entire circular knitting machine, which has a line library and a transmission device. This type of line library and transmission device are just the same elements and have the same meaning as in the figure tr. In Figure 4 machine! Connect the reference number of 1 stitch line 3 < in turn. The circular knitting knitting needle 4, in particular the beta tongue obliquely, wherein the movement is provided with 48 or 96 rovings γ η: the knitting needle 4 is continuously supplied to the continuous stretching "" two rovings can be, for example, from being placed The knitting yarn of the circular knitting machine 1 is Μ Μ from, Χ @, 乡句*, 纤: "3, draw frame roving or roving from roving tube 5. 〇 cotton strip ^ in thick, ν The γ is stretched to a predetermined fineness of the fiber tampon and is continuously reinforced in the squeezing nozzle 11. The wire library and the conveying device 100 are sent as the left door of the drawing and the fiber tampon 0 intermediate storage. In the knitting/threading process, the I-line library and the transport device, the circular knitting machine, and the drive of the extension, ,, 6, can be completely or partially disconnected from each other. This allows The fiber tampon γ in the second:: is firstly produced by the extension system 'subsequently from the spinning nozzle' without starting the operation of the circular knitting machine i and 'or the yarn feeder. The woven tampon formed by the crepe Is transferred to the yarn feeder (10), from which it is transferred to the circular knitting machine i. Only when the continuous reinforcing fiber tampon y The machine is started in the wire guide 13 of the circular knitting machine i, and the machine starts to start. The attack involves combining the drive of the circular knitting machine and the extension system 6 with the driving of the yarn feeder. The 101 or the outlet cutting device m is located before and after the yarn feeder 100, and monitors the interruption of the fiber tampon Y, and cuts the circular knitting machine 1 and the extension system 6 when the thread is broken. It can be operated as a storage feeder. For example, a rotating wire drum has a first circumferential portion and a second circumferential portion, and the 17th 200932976 ❹ a circumferential portion is coupled to a belt in the form of a belt, the second circumferential portion Detach from the conveyor belt. If the fiber tampon is located between the first circumferential portion and the conveyor belt, it will be forcibly and continuously fed to the needle of the knitting machine to correspond to the wire drum or the conveyor belt (active The speed of the peripheral speed of the feeder. On the other hand, if the fiber tampon is located in the second circumferential portion, it is provided to the stretcher only when it is needed and by the knitting machine (intermittent feeder) Will be transmitted A storage feeder of this type (including a modification) is known from DE 41 16 497 A1. The configuration of the storage feeder ι between the extension system 6 and the subsequent spinning nozzle u The transportable strong fiber tampon γ is produced, so that the knitting machine i can optionally be permanently (positively) or intermittently supplied, for example between smooth knitted fabric products (single-sided) or jacquard knitted fabric BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS [Brief Description of the Drawings] Further advantages, features and variations of the present invention will be apparent from the description of the above embodiments, which are not shown in the drawings. FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram in accordance with the principles of the invention. Figure 2 is a continuous reinforcing fiber tampon; Figure 3 is an extension system with a modular structure; and Figure 4 is a schematic diagram of a device with a comprehensive line library and conveyor [main component symbol description] 1 knitting machine 18 200932976 2 weaving area 3 syringe 4 knitting needle 5 roving tube 6 extension system 7 inlet pinch roller pair 8 double apron 9 outlet pinch roller pair Ο 1 0 roving guide 11 spinning nozzle 12 catheter 1 3 wire guide 60 base 62, 63 drive engine 64 cover 71,91 upper roller ❹ 72,92 lower syringe 75 tension spring 76 clamping cam 77 thrust point 78 mounting plate 79 stretching device 81 upper apron roller 82 lower needle cylinder 19 200932976 93 plate spring 95 protrusion 100 line library and transmission Device 1 0 1 inlet cutting device 102 outlet cutting device