TW200401318A - Power-supply switch device with detection switch - Google Patents

Power-supply switch device with detection switch Download PDF

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Publication number
TW200401318A
TW200401318A TW092113082A TW92113082A TW200401318A TW 200401318 A TW200401318 A TW 200401318A TW 092113082 A TW092113082 A TW 092113082A TW 92113082 A TW92113082 A TW 92113082A TW 200401318 A TW200401318 A TW 200401318A
Authority
TW
Taiwan
Prior art keywords
sliding
switch
support
storage
movable contact
Prior art date
Application number
TW092113082A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
TW594815B (en
Inventor
Nagano Tomoyasu
Original Assignee
Alps Electric Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2002138917A priority Critical patent/JP4097458B2/en
Application filed by Alps Electric Co Ltd filed Critical Alps Electric Co Ltd
Publication of TW200401318A publication Critical patent/TW200401318A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of TW594815B publication Critical patent/TW594815B/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H13/00Switches having rectilinearly-movable operating part or parts adapted for pushing or pulling in one direction only, e.g. push-button switch
    • H01H13/02Details
    • H01H13/12Movable parts; Contacts mounted thereon
    • H01H13/20Driving mechanisms
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H1/00Contacts
    • H01H1/12Contacts characterised by the manner in which co-operating contacts engage
    • H01H1/14Contacts characterised by the manner in which co-operating contacts engage by abutting
    • H01H1/24Contacts characterised by the manner in which co-operating contacts engage by abutting with resilient mounting
    • H01H1/242Contacts characterised by the manner in which co-operating contacts engage by abutting with resilient mounting the contact forming a part of a coil spring
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H1/00Contacts
    • H01H1/12Contacts characterised by the manner in which co-operating contacts engage
    • H01H1/14Contacts characterised by the manner in which co-operating contacts engage by abutting
    • H01H1/20Bridging contacts
    • H01H1/2025Bridging contacts comprising two-parallel bridges
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H13/00Switches having rectilinearly-movable operating part or parts adapted for pushing or pulling in one direction only, e.g. push-button switch
    • H01H13/02Details
    • H01H13/04Cases; Covers
    • H01H13/06Dustproof, splashproof, drip-proof, waterproof or flameproof casings
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H9/00Details of switching devices, not covered by groups H01H1/00 - H01H7/00
    • H01H9/0066Auxiliary contact devices

Abstract

The present invention provides a switch device which can be downsized, which can improve assembling capability, and which can be watertight. On a bottom wall (1) of a switch device of the present invention, a first fixed terminal (2) with which a first movable contact point (10) can be brought into contact, and a second fixed terminal (3) with which a second movable contact point (12) can be brought into contact are disposed. A housing section (13) of a cover member (14) is divided into first and second housing sections (18, 19) by a dividing wall (1a). The first movable contact point (10) and the first fixed terminal (2) form a first switch section, and the second movable contact point (12) and the second fixed terminal (3) form a second switch section. The first switch section is disposed in the first housing section (18) of the housing section (14), and the second switch section is disposed in the second housing section (19) of the cover member (14), so the switch device can be miniaturized.

Description

200401318 玖、發明說明: 【發明所屬之技術領域】 本發明是關於作為附電器檢測開關的電源開關而使用白、 開關裝置,特別是關於將檢測開關部分和電源開關部/ 納於同一盒内的内置型開關裝置的構造。 刀收 【先前技術】 從前的附檢測開關電源開關的構造, . 疋在電源開關的前 邯或者後部等處使用連接構件連接固定 、 ' q心巳有的檢測開關 形成的外接型開關裝置、和在電源開關的本體盒内裝入 有的檢測開關的開關部分而形成的内置型開關裝置。入已 外接型開Μ裝置的構造為:如前述那樣使用已有的 開關,通過部分變更檢測開關操作部的操作桿的形狀 進行連接於電源開關操作部上的滑動構件的按壓操作^ 按壓操作電源開關操作部時,檢測開關也可同時操: 過連接部而連接。 、 這時’ t源1關部分與檢測開關部分分別收納於各 盒中而獨立形纟’成為在與按壓操作方向平行的直列 上配設的裝置。 並且,内置型開關裝置從已有的檢測開關去除操作样及盒 體邵分而取出開關’只將這個開關部分裝入電源開關盒内: 形成的裝置’通過部分變更電源開關侧的盒及根據需要作為 操=部的滑動構件的形狀,可進行㈣_的切換。 廷時’電源開關部分與檢測開關部分收納於同—盒内, 即使不使用連接構件筌 ,^ 寺’也可進行操作。而且’電源開關 84871 200401318 口P刀與檢測開關部分配設於與按愚择此、丄τ 文後鉍作万向平行的直列方 向上。 但是,對於如前所述的從前的附^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 11檢娜開關的電源開關的 構造來說,在外接型開關裝置中, 馬ί用連接構件等將已 有的檢測開關連接於電源開關的前 、 J叫傻’存在檢測開關部分 安裝部位的強度問題,或者由於外 、外接時的尺寸偏移等原因 而產生的ON檢測位置偏移問題等。並且,還有因零件數量 增加而出現的安裝作業性低下、成本提高的問題。 並且’無論是外接型還是内置型,都將電源開關與檢測 開關安裝在與操作部的按壓操作方向平行的直列方向上, 因而縱向長度尺寸變大,安裝了這種從前的開關裝置的例 如洗衣機等裝置的一側上產生大型化的問題。 【發明内容】 β本發明的目的是為了解決上述先前技術所存在的問題, 獒仏可小型化、裝配性提高、並具防水機能的開關裝置。 壯作為為了解決上述問題的第丨解決方案的本發明的開關 裝置,其特徵在於,具有用配設於下部的底壁遮蔽内部收 納部的殼體構#、和可對收納於收納部内而々足殼體構件向 外哭出的操作部進行按壓操作的滑動構件; 上述底壁具有將收納部分隔成第丨、第2兩個收納部的間 隔壁’·上述滑動構件具有通過按壓操作上逑操作部而可沿 上述間隔壁滑動的支援壁,在夾持這個支援壁的第^收納部 成第1接點支援邓,並在上述第2收納邵侧形成第2接點 支援邵;在上述第丨接點支援部配設第1可動接點,在第2接 84871 200401318 點支援部配設第2可動接點; 上述底壁具有配設於第1收納部側的可與上述第1可動接 點相接的第1固定端子、和配設於第2收納部侧的可與第2可 動接點相接的第2固定端予; 用上述第1可動接點與上述第1固定端子構成第1開關,用 上述第2可動接點與上述第2固定端子構成第2開關;將上述 第1、第2開關配設在與操作部的按壓操作方向垂直的並列 方向上。 作為為了解決上述問題的第2解決方案的本發明的開關 裝置,其特徵在於:由上述滑動構件的上述第丨接點支援部 支援的第1可動接點為板狀矩形,在上述滑動構件的上述支 援壁侧支援一侧 在上述支援壁的對面側形成的壁構件支 援另一侧,並可上下移動。 作為為了解決上述問題的第3解決方案的本發明的開關 裝置,其特徵在於:上述第(固定端子在上述第陳納部側 的底壁上按預定間隔配設成一對,當按壓操作上述滑動構 件時’上述第1可動接點的上述另-倒相接於上述一對第i 固定端子上。 作為為了解決上述問題的第 裝置’其特徵在於:200401318 发明 Description of the invention: [Technical field to which the invention belongs] The present invention relates to the use of white and switching devices as a power switch of a detection switch for an electrical accessory, and more particularly to a detection switch section and a power switch section / contained in the same box. Structure of built-in switchgear. Knife-closing [prior art] The previous structure of a power switch with a detection switch,.. Using a connection member at the front or rear of the power switch to fix it, an external switch device formed by some detection switches, and A built-in switchgear formed by incorporating a switch portion of a detection switch into a body box of a power switch. The structure of the plug-in externally-opened M device is as follows: the existing switch is used, and the shape of the operating lever of the detection switch operating portion is partially changed to perform the pressing operation of the sliding member connected to the power switch operating portion. When the operation part is switched, the detection switch can also operate at the same time: Connect through the connection part. At this time, the 't source 1 off part and the detection switch part are separately housed in each box and are independently formed,' becoming a device arranged in a line parallel to the pressing operation direction. In addition, the built-in switch device removes the operation sample and the box body from the existing detection switch and takes out the switch 'only this switch part is installed in the power switch box: the formed device' partially changes the box on the power switch side and The shape of the sliding member that needs to be used as the operating unit can be switched. The power switch part and the detection switch part are housed in the same box, and can be operated even without using the connecting member 筌, 寺 寺. In addition, the power switch 84871 200401318 port P knife and the detection switch are distributed in an in-line direction parallel to the direction in which the bismuth is pressed. However, as for the structure of the power switch of the former attached ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 11 as described above, in the external type switch device, the existing connection member is used to connect the existing The detection switch is connected to the front of the power switch. J is stupid. There is a strength problem in the installation part of the detection switch, or an ON detection position shift problem caused by external or external dimensional shifts. In addition, there are problems that the mounting workability is low and the cost is increased due to an increase in the number of parts. In addition, the power switch and the detection switch are installed in an in-line direction parallel to the pressing operation direction of the operation part, regardless of whether it is an external type or a built-in type. Therefore, the longitudinal length is increased. Problems such as size increase on one side of the device. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION β The purpose of the present invention is to solve the problems existing in the above-mentioned prior art, and 开关 a switch device that can be miniaturized, improved in assemblability, and has a waterproof function. The switch device of the present invention, which is the first solution to solve the above-mentioned problems, is characterized in that it has a housing structure # which shields the internal storage portion with a bottom wall disposed at the lower portion, and is capable of being stored in the storage portion. The foot casing member is a sliding member that performs a pressing operation on the operating portion that is crying out. The bottom wall has a partition wall that separates the storage portion into the second and second storage portions. The operating unit is a support wall that can slide along the partition wall. The first contact support section is formed in the first storage section holding the support wall, and the second contact support section is formed on the second storage section side. The first movable contact is provided with the first movable contact, and the second movable contact is provided at the second contact 84871 200401318. The bottom wall is provided with the first movable portion disposed on the side of the first receiving portion. The first fixed terminal connected to the contact and the second fixed end disposed on the side of the second accommodating portion and capable of contacting the second movable contact; the first movable contact and the first fixed terminal are configured The first switch uses the above-mentioned second movable contact Said first fixed terminal form a second switch; the above-described first and second switch disposed in parallel with the operation direction perpendicular to the pressing direction of the operation portion. The switch device of the present invention, as a second solution to solve the above problems, is characterized in that the first movable contact supported by the first contact support section of the sliding member is a plate-shaped rectangle, The supporting wall side supporting side supports a wall member formed on the opposite side of the supporting wall to support the other side and can move up and down. The switch device of the present invention, as a third solution to solve the above-mentioned problems, is characterized in that: the first (fixed terminals are arranged in a pair at a predetermined interval on the bottom wall on the side of the first receiving section), When sliding a member, 'the other of the first movable contact is inverted-connected to the pair of i-th fixed terminals. As a first device to solve the above problem', it is characterized by:

裝置,其特徵在於: 4解決方案的本發明的開關 •上述第2可動接點將彈簧絲捲繞成線圈 這個捲繞部按預定的開放角度外延形成 問題的第5解決方案的本發明的開關 上述弟2固足端子在上述第2收納部侧 84871 200401318 的上述底壁上按預定間隔配設成一對,當按壓操作滑動構 牛寺如述的一對臂部相接於上述一對第2固定端予上。 作為為了解決上述問題的第6解決方案的本發明的開關 裝置,其特徵在於:上述第1、第2固定端子分別具有可與 上述第1、第2可#*如、 j動接點相接的接點部和從這個接點部向一 側延仲的端予郅,將這個端子部安裝於上述底壁上,使上 逑场予4的A端從上述底壁向外導出。 乍為為了解/夬上述問題的第7解決方案的本發明的開關 裝置,其特欲在於:上述底壁的上述間隔壁形成有可支援 滑動構件沿上述間隔壁滑動的引導部。 作為為了解决上述問題的第8解決方案的本發明的開關 农置特欲在於·在上述滑動構件與上述底壁間配設第j |两,ir解除上述滑動構件的按壓操作時,上述滑動構件 在上述第1盤簧的作用下自動恢復到按壓操作前的初始狀 態。 作為為了解決上述問題的第9解決方案的本發明的開關 裝置、其特彳政在於:上述滑動構件形成具有在與按壓操作 万向平订万向上傾斜的階梯部的滑動面,在上述底壁側配 設可壓接於這個滑動面的板簧,按壓操作上述滑動構件, 通過板簧因階梯部而產生彈性變形,使上述按壓操作的按 壓力發生變化。 作為為了解決上述問題的第1〇解決方案的本發明的開關 裝且,其特徵在於:分體形成上述殼體構件與上逑底壁, 上述殼體構件在上逑收納部的下方㈣,用上述底壁:蔽 84871 200401318 這個開放的收納部的下方,用密封材料密封上述底壁與上 述豉體構件的缝隙而密封上述收納部下方。 作為為了解決上述問題的第u解決方案的本發明的開關 裝置三其特徵在於:上述密封材料對安裝於上述底壁上的 上述第1、第2固定端子周圍也進行塗布。 作為為了解決上述問題的第12解 ^ ^ ^ ^ 鮮夭万木的本發明的開關 動:斂在於·在從上逑殼體構件向外突出的上述滑 動構件的操作邵上配設圓頂形橡 密封上述收納部上方。4私構件,用這個橡膠構件 4為決上述問題的第13解決方案的本發明的開關 农置’其特徵在於··在彈性構 趁牒搂从L 傅忭上配汉驅動棒,通過上述 上:構件上形成的壓入孔而固定於上述滑動構件的操作部 【實施方式】 以下’在圖1至圖8中表示本發明的—種 是本發明中的^ ^ ^圖1 . 私料 万式的開關裝置的立體圖;圖2:是本 發月中的一實施方式的p^i gn典τ盟λα、 、人士, 万式的開關裝置的分解立體圖,·圖3 :是關 工本發明的滑動構件的俯視圖,·圖 Μ ^ ΛΑ X ·〇 Μ 疋關於本發明的滑動 面同.、 圖5:是圖4的仰視圖,·圖6:是圖5的6_6剖 θ ’圖7 .是圖4的右视圖;圖8 ••是 剖面圖。 十放力f ΐ要邯分的 本發明的開關裝置如圖2所示,在 矩形的启辟] 在取下邰配設形狀大致為 ”—,这個底壁由樹脂等絕緣材料構成,可遮蔽後 处的豉體構件13内部收納部14的開放的下面。 84871 200401318 在底壁1的大致中央部位,以預定高度設置將殼體構件13 内部的收納邵14一分為二的間隔壁la。在間隔壁la前後方向 的各端邵相對形成由〕塑槽構成的引導部lb,可用這個引 導部lb引導滑動構件6的滑動。 在間隔壁1 a的中央部附近,在圖示左側設立高度低於間隔 2的橢圓轉狀彈簧支援部lc,S間隔壁la中央處形成預 定覓度尺寸的切口槽1 d。 將金屬板彎折形成的第1、第2固定端子2、3各一對被壓 入底壁1上而與之一體化。 弟1、第2固定端子2、3有從底壁i的上面露出的接點&、 3a,和從個接點部2a、3a向一側折曲成大致l形而向圖示下 方側延伸的端子部2b、3b ’這個端子部孔、补被壓入在底 壁1上形成的壓入孔1£中,端子部21)、31)的前端從底壁丨的背 面向外突出。 在弟1固定端子2的接點2a上’通過分別鉚接或壓入等方式 固定為了確㈣後述的|體板構成的第夏可動接㈣道:雨 的接點構件2c。 τ 严4與第1盤簧5可裝著於底壁1上的棒狀彈簧支援部lc 上。板簧4如圖2所示’由在中央處形成可插通彈 =圓形支援孔4a的基部4b、和使這個基部仆的兩端部;目 十向上折曲的一對臂部物構成,在臂部乜的前端相 内侧圓弧形突出的滑動部4d。 /成向 而且’相對的臂部4c的間隔尺寸在使前 4 4 b側尺寸小的條件下確定。 端滑動部4d侧 比基 84871 -10- 200401318 板簧4可以通過將橢圓形棒狀彈簧支援部丨c插通橢圓形支 援孔4a,在底壁1上預定的位置定位而裝配。 由壓縮盤簧構成的第1盤簧5可裝著於從裝在底壁1上的 板簧4的支援孔4a向上突出的彈簧支援部丨c上。 底壁1可在間隔壁1 a的兩端面形成槽狀引導部1 b上,對由 樹脂等絕緣材料構成的滑動構件6沿間隔壁la向圖示上下方 向滑動進行導向。 用圖3至圖7說明滑動構件6時,滑動構件6如圖4的正面圖 所示’在大致中央的地方形成預定厚度的支援壁6 a,按預定 高度形成從這個支援壁6a的上面向上突出的棒狀操作部6b 。在這個操作部6b上按預定孔徑和深度形成可壓入後述的 驅動棒16的壓入孔6c。 在支援壁6a上’從圖3所示的上下方向的上方側的端面6d 與下方侧的另一端面6e分別突出形成板狀引導部6f,這個引 導部6 f可對底壁1的引導部1 b自如地導向。 在圖4所示的支援壁6a左側形成可支援第1可動接點丨〇的 第1接點支援部7。這個第1接點支援部7形成從支援壁6a的上 部向圖示左侧成屋詹狀延伸的壁構件7 a,成為内部空洞狀態 。第1接點支援部7在形成引導部6f的支援壁6a的各端面6d 、6e上形成可支援後述的第1可動接點丨〇的支援部1 〇b的一對 第1、第2支援突起7b、7 c。 這個第1、第2支援突起7b、7c如圖4所示,通過設置預定 尺寸間隙而形成’在這個間隙部上可支援後述的第1可動接 點10的支援部l〇b。 84871 -11- 200401318 第1接點支援部7在支援壁6a對面側的壁構件以的下方形 成鈎形止動部7d。這個止動部7d從壁構件以的下方内面向支 援壁6 a方向内侧突出而形成。 在構成第1接點支援部7的壁構件7a的頂面上,按預定深度 形成大致為矩形的可支援後逑第2盤簧U的彈簧支援孔7e。 如圖4所示,在支援壁6a的右侧形成可支援後述的第2可動 接點12的第2接點支援部8。 這個第2接點支援邵8形成從支援壁6 a的上部向圖示右側 大致為L形的彈簧支援部8a,在這個彈簧支援部83與支援壁 6a之間形成預定寬度尺寸的引導槽8 b。 在引導槽8b的上部形成與在底壁!的間隔壁u上形成的切 口槽1 d接合而滑動的接合部8C。 在彈簧支援部8a的下侧突出形成可支援由後述扭曲盤簧 構成的第2可動接點12的捲繞部lla的棒狀接點支援部8d。滑 動構件6如圖3所7K,在接點支援部8d的上下形成突出於彈 簧支援部8a的尺寸各不相同的—對彈簧固定部“、8f。 這對各彈簧固定部8e、8f如圖4所示,前端部成鈎狀,可 固定由後述的扭曲盤簧構成的第2可動接點丨2的臂部丨丨b。 在如圖5的俯視圖所示的滑動構件6的下侧,在支援壁&The device is characterized in that: The switch of the present invention of the 4th solution. The switch of the present invention of the fifth solution of the fifth solution, wherein the second movable contact winds a spring wire into a coil, and the winding portion is extended at a predetermined opening angle. Brother 2 fixed foot terminals are arranged as a pair on the bottom wall of the second storage section side 84871 200401318 at a predetermined interval, and when a pair of arms as described in the sliding structure Niu Temple are connected to the pair of second The fixed end is on. The switch device of the present invention, as a sixth solution to solve the above problems, is characterized in that the first and second fixed terminals respectively have contact with the first and second movable contacts. The contact part and the end extending from this contact part to one side are installed, and this terminal part is installed on the said bottom wall, so that the A end of the upper market field 4 is led out from the said bottom wall. The switching device of the present invention, which is a seventh solution to the above problem, is characterized in that the partition wall of the bottom wall is formed with a guide portion capable of supporting a sliding member to slide along the partition wall. The switch farm of the present invention, as an eighth solution to solve the above-mentioned problem, is that the j-th | j is disposed between the sliding member and the bottom wall, and the sliding member is released when the pressing operation of the sliding member is released. The first coil spring automatically returns to the initial state before the pressing operation. The switch device of the present invention as a ninth solution for solving the above-mentioned problems is characterized in that the sliding member is formed with a sliding surface having a stepped portion inclined upwardly with respect to the press-operation universal joint, and on the bottom wall. A leaf spring that can be crimped to this sliding surface is arranged on the side, and the sliding member is pressed and operated. The leaf spring is elastically deformed by the stepped portion, so that the pressing force of the pressing operation is changed. The switchgear according to the present invention as the tenth solution for solving the above-mentioned problems is characterized in that the housing member and the bottom wall of the upper case are formed separately, and the case member is located below the upper case storage portion and used The bottom wall: The lower part of the open storage part 84871 200401318 is covered, and the gap between the bottom wall and the carcass member is sealed with a sealing material to seal the lower part of the storage part. A switchgear device 3 according to the present invention as a u-th solution to solve the above problems is characterized in that the sealing material is also applied to the periphery of the first and second fixed terminals mounted on the bottom wall. As the twelfth solution in order to solve the above problems, ^ ^ ^ ^ The switch of the present invention of the 夭 Fresh wood: Converge in the operation of the above-mentioned sliding member protruding outward from the upper case member is provided with a dome shape The rubber is sealed above the storage portion. The private member, using the rubber member 4 as the thirteenth solution to the above-mentioned problem, the switch farm of the present invention is characterized in that the elastic structure is equipped with a Han driving rod from L Fu 忭, through the above : Pressing hole formed in the member and fixed to the operating part of the sliding member [Embodiment] The following 'shows the present invention in Figures 1 to 8-a kind of the present invention ^ ^ ^ Figure 1. A perspective view of a switching device of the type; Figure 2: is an exploded perspective view of the switching device of the Wan type switching device according to an embodiment of the present invention; Figure 3: is related to the present invention The plan view of the sliding member is the same as that of the sliding surface of the present invention. Figure 5 is a bottom view of Figure 4; Figure 6 is a 6_6 section θ of Figure 5; Figure 4 is a right side view; Figure 8 is a cross-sectional view. The switchgear of the present invention which requires ten points of force f is shown in Fig. 2. In the opening of the rectangle, the shape of the arrangement is roughly "". This bottom wall is made of an insulating material such as resin. The open lower surface of the accommodating portion 14 inside the carcass member 13 at the rear is shielded. 84871 200401318 A partition wall la which divides the accommodating portion 14 inside the casing member 13 into two is arranged at a predetermined height at a substantially central portion of the bottom wall 1. A guide portion 1b made of a plastic groove is formed at each end of the partition wall 1a in the front-rear direction, and this guide portion 1b can be used to guide the sliding of the sliding member 6. Near the center of the partition 1a, it is set up on the left side of the figure. The elliptical rotary spring support portion lc, S having a height lower than the interval 2 forms a notch groove 1 d of a predetermined size at the center of the partition wall 1a. Each of the first, second fixed terminals 2, 3 formed by bending a metal plate is formed. It is pressed and integrated with the bottom wall 1. The first and second fixed terminals 2, 3 have contacts &, 3a exposed from the upper surface of the bottom wall i, and contact points 2a, 3a toward One terminal portion 2b, 3b 'which is bent into a substantially l-shape on one side and extends downward in the figure In the sub-hole and the press-fit hole 1 £ formed in the bottom wall 1, the front ends of the terminal portions 21) and 31) protrude outward from the back of the bottom wall. 1. The contact point of the fixed terminal 2 is fixed to the brother 1. 2a 'is fixed by means of riveting or press-fitting, respectively, so as to ensure that the Xia Xia movable contact made of the body plate described later: the contact member 2c of the rain. Τ Yan 4 and the first coil spring 5 can be mounted on the bottom On the rod-shaped spring support portion lc on the wall 1. As shown in FIG. 2, the plate spring 4 is formed by a base 4b at the center of which a pluggable bullet = circular support hole 4a is formed, and both ends of the base are made of this base; The pair of arms are bent upwards in the head, and the sliding part 4d projects in an arc shape on the inner side of the front end of the arm 乜. / The direction of the distance between the opposing arms 4c is on the front 4 4 b side. It is determined under the condition of small size. The end sliding part 4d and the side 84841 -10- 200401318 can be used for the leaf spring 4 by inserting the oval rod spring support portion 丨 c into the oval support hole 4a to a predetermined position on the bottom wall 1. The first coil spring 5 composed of a compression coil spring can be mounted on a spring support protruding upward from the support hole 4 a of the leaf spring 4 mounted on the bottom wall 1. The bottom wall 1 can be formed with groove-shaped guides 1 b on both end surfaces of the partition wall 1 a to guide a sliding member 6 made of an insulating material such as resin along the partition wall la in the vertical direction shown in the figure. When the sliding member 6 is described with reference to FIGS. 3 to 7, as shown in the front view of FIG. 4, a supporting wall 6 a having a predetermined thickness is formed at a substantially central position, and the supporting wall 6 a is formed upward from the supporting wall 6 a at a predetermined height. A protruding rod-shaped operating portion 6b. A pressing hole 6c into which a driving rod 16 which will be described later is press-fitted is formed in this operating portion 6b at a predetermined hole diameter and depth. The supporting wall 6a is' from above in the up-down direction shown in Fig. 3 The end surface 6d on the side and the other end surface 6e on the lower side protrude to form a plate-shaped guide portion 6f, and this guide portion 6f can freely guide the guide portion 1b of the bottom wall 1. A first contact support portion 7 is formed on the left side of the support wall 6a shown in FIG. 4 and can support the first movable contact. This first contact support portion 7 forms a wall member 7 a extending from the upper portion of the support wall 6 a to the left side of the house in the figure, and becomes a hollow state inside. The first contact support portion 7 forms a pair of first and second supports of a support portion 10b which can support a first movable contact described later on each end faces 6d and 6e of the support wall 6a forming the guide portion 6f. The protrusions 7b, 7c. As shown in Fig. 4, these first and second supporting protrusions 7b and 7c are formed by providing a gap of a predetermined size. A supporting portion 10b that can support a first movable contact 10 described later is provided in this gap portion. 84871 -11- 200401318 The first contact support portion 7 forms a hook-shaped stopper portion 7d in the lower square of the wall member on the side opposite to the support wall 6a. This stopper portion 7d is formed to protrude from the lower inside of the wall member toward the inside of the supporting wall 6a. On the top surface of the wall member 7a constituting the first contact support portion 7, a substantially rectangular spring support hole 7e capable of supporting the second coil spring U is formed at a predetermined depth. As shown in Fig. 4, a second contact support portion 8 is formed on the right side of the support wall 6a and can support a second movable contact 12 described later. This second contact support Shao 8 forms a spring support portion 8a which is substantially L-shaped from the upper part of the support wall 6a to the right side in the figure, and a guide groove 8 having a predetermined width is formed between the spring support portion 83 and the support wall 6a. b. It is formed in the upper part of the guide groove 8b and in the bottom wall! The notch groove 1d formed in the partition wall u is engaged and slides at the joint portion 8C. A bar-shaped contact support portion 8d that protrudes below the spring support portion 8a is formed to support the winding portion 11a of the second movable contact 12 constituted by a torsion coil spring described later. The sliding member 6 is shown in FIG. 7K, and the contact support portion 8d is formed above and below the contact support portion 8a with different sizes protruding from the spring support portion 8a—for the spring fixing portions “, 8f. The pair of spring fixing portions 8e, 8f are shown in FIG. As shown in FIG. 4, the front end portion is hook-shaped, and the arm portion 2 of the second movable contact 丨 2 composed of a torsion coil spring described later can be fixed. On the lower side of the sliding member 6 shown in the plan view of FIG. 5, In support wall &

構件7 a的頂面近旁。 宁的彈&支援孔6 g。這個彈 一直到第1接點支援部7的壁The top surface of the member 7 a is near. Ning Bomb & support hole 6 g. This bullet goes to the wall of the first contact support section 7.

上下,按 板簧收納部9。 84871 -12- 200401318 、,這個板簧收納部9如圖7所示,在下侧按預定尺寸形成相 對的第1滑動面9a,在上側形成比第i滑動面%的寬度尺寸寬 的相對的第2滑動面9b,輪第!滑動面9a與第2滑動面外的 階梯部9 c傾斜形成。 而且,如圖7所示,當在板簧收納部9中收納點劃線所示 的板簧4的臂部4c時,板簧4的各滑動部4d、4d壓接於第工滑 動面9a上。在這種狀態下,當按壓操作滑動構件6而使之下 降時,滑動部4d在階梯部氕上上升,板簧4產生彈性變形。 這時,按壓滑動構件的操作力發生變化,在這種搡作力變 化的過程中’操作者可感到敲擊(cHck)聲。 在滑動構件6的第丨接點支援部7上,可支援平板狀大致成 長方形的第1可動接點丨0。這個第!可動接點丨〇由金屬板等 導電性構件構成’如圖2所示’具有平坦狀大致成長方形的 基部l〇a,形成一對從這個基部1〇a的縱向兩端部向一侧突出 的舌片狀支點部1 Ob。 而且,各支點部10b、10b可在滑動構件6的第!、第2支援 突起7 b、7c之間進行支援。 第1可動接點10在基部10a的大致中央處形成圓形預定深 度的彈簧承力部l〇c。在一對支點部10b近旁的基部l〇a處向 圖示下方侧形成圓形接點部][0d。 在形成支點部10b相反侧的基部10a的另一侧的1〇e,可支 挺滑動構件6的止動部7 d。 圖2所示壓縮盤簧構成的第2盤簧11位於第1可動接點1〇的 彈簧承力部l〇c處,這個第2盤簧U的上端部支援於在滑動構 84871 -13- 200401318 件6的壁構件7 a的頂面上形成的彈簧支援孔7 e,而對第1可動 接點1 0向下彈性施力。 這樣被第2盤簧11施力的第1可動接點1 〇,其支點部1⑽支 援於第1、第2支援突起7 b、7c之間,與支點部1 〇b相反侧的 基邵1 〇a的另一侧的1 0e被鈎形止動部7d支援,被保持在滑動 構件6上。 而且,用第1可動接點1〇及一對第丨固定端子2構成電源開 關的第1開關部,當按壓操作滑動構件6而使之下降時,第^ 可動接點10的一對接點部1〇d、1〇d接於第J固定端子2的各 接點構件2 c、2 c上。 因此’一對第1固定端子2、2通g 第1開關部成為ON狀態。 在滑動構件6的第2接點支援部8上 2通過第1可動接點1〇而導通 ,支援由扭曲盤簣構成 2可動接點12。這個第2可動接點12如圖2所示,有將由Press the leaf spring storage section 9 up and down. 84871 -12- 200401318. As shown in FIG. 7, the leaf spring housing portion 9 has a first sliding surface 9a opposite to each other in a predetermined size on the lower side, and an opposite first sliding surface 9a having a width larger than the width of the i-th sliding surface by 9% on the upper side. 2 sliding surface 9b, round first! The sliding surface 9a is formed obliquely with the stepped portion 9c outside the second sliding surface. Further, as shown in FIG. 7, when the arm portion 4 c of the leaf spring 4 indicated by the chain line is housed in the leaf spring accommodating portion 9, each sliding portion 4 d and 4 d of the leaf spring 4 is crimped to the first sliding surface 9 a. on. In this state, when the sliding member 6 is pressed and lowered, the sliding portion 4d rises on the stepped portion ,, and the leaf spring 4 is elastically deformed. At this time, the operating force for pressing the sliding member changes, and the operator may feel a clap sound (cHck) during the change of the operating force. The first contact support portion 7 of the sliding member 6 can support the first movable contact 0 in a flat plate shape and a substantially rectangular shape. This first! The movable contact is composed of a conductive member such as a metal plate. As shown in FIG. 2, the base has a flattened and substantially rectangular base portion 10a, and forms a pair of protrusions from one longitudinal end portion of the base portion 10a to one side. Tongue-like fulcrum 1 Ob. Moreover, each of the fulcrum portions 10b and 10b may be positioned at the first position of the sliding member 6! The second support is provided between the protrusions 7b and 7c. The first movable contact 10 has a spring bearing portion 10c having a circular predetermined depth at approximately the center of the base portion 10a. A circular contact portion is formed at the base portion 10a near the pair of fulcrum portions 10b toward the lower side in the figure] [0d. The stopper portion 7d of the sliding member 6 can be supported at 10e on the other side of the base portion 10a on the opposite side of the fulcrum portion 10b. The second coil spring 11 composed of the compression coil spring shown in FIG. 2 is located at the spring bearing portion 10c of the first movable contact 10, and the upper end portion of the second coil spring U is supported in the sliding mechanism 84871 -13- 200401318 The spring supporting hole 7 e formed on the top surface of the wall member 7 a of the member 6 elastically biases the first movable contact 10 downward. In this way, the fulcrum portion 1 of the first movable contact 1 10 urged by the second coil spring 11 is supported between the first and second support protrusions 7 b and 7c, and the base 1 on the opposite side of the fulcrum portion 10 b. 10e on the other side of 〇a is supported by the hook-shaped stopper 7d, and is held on the sliding member 6. In addition, the first movable contact 10 and a pair of first fixed terminals 2 constitute a first switch section of the power switch. When the sliding member 6 is pressed and lowered, the pair of contact sections of the first movable contact 10 10d and 10d are connected to the contact members 2c and 2c of the J-th fixed terminal 2. Therefore, the 'first pair of first fixed terminals 2 and 2 are turned on. The second contact support portion 8 of the sliding member 6 is electrically connected by the first movable contact 10, and supports two movable contacts 12 composed of a twisted disk. This second movable contact 12 is shown in Figure 2.

,從這個 部12b 、 12b 〇 α而向外直線延伸形成兩個臂, From the part 12b, 12b 〇 α to extend straight out to form two arms

因此,一對第2固定端子3、3 ^ —對第2固定端子3上。 3通過第2可動接點12而導通 S4S71 -14- 200401318 第2開關部成為〇N狀態。 上方的殼體構件13。這個 ,同時用頂壁13b覆蓋上部 空洞狀收納部14。 ,在其下方的開放部分可 在底壁1的上方配設覆蓋底壁i 殼體構件13用外周壁13a圍住四周 ’在内部形成收納滑動構件6等的 這個收納部14,下方為開放式 嵌合底壁1。 殼體構件13在上部的頂壁13b中央處形成用於安裝後述 橡膠構件15的圓紙形槽13c,在這個槽部nc的外周上按預定 厚度、預定高度突出形成壁狀鉚接部13d。 在圓弧形槽13c的内侧,按預定孔徑形成滑動構件6的操作 部6b可插通的通孔丨3e。 在頂壁13b的槽部13c上,如圖2所示,配設内部為空洞的 圓頂狀橡膠構件1 5。這個圓頂狀橡膠構件丨5由圓頂狀外周 壁15a和在這個外周壁15a下部的外周部形成預定厚度的凸 緣1 5b構成。在圓頂狀外周壁〗5a的頂部形成可壓入驅動棒工6 的壓入通孔15c。 這樣的橡膠構件1 5在使凸緣丨5b位於槽部丨3c的狀態下,通 過將鉚接邵13d倒入内侧進行鉚接而與殼體構件13 一體化。 驅動棒16由圓盤狀操作部分16a和可壓入橡膠構件丨5的壓 入孔15c及滑動構件6的壓入孔6(:中的棒狀壓入部i6b構成, 形狀為彗星之彗髮(coma)狀。 這樣構成的本發明的開關裝置的裝配,首先將第1、第2 固足端子2、3的各端子部分以、3b壓入底壁1中。然後將板 84871 -15- 200401318 簧4插通而裝入底壁!的彈簧支援部分^上,同時將第!盤菁$ 插通而裝入板簧4的基部4b中。 在滑動構件6在第1接點支援部7支援第丨可動接點1〇的同 時’將第2盤簧11的兩端部裝入第j可動接點ι〇的彈菁承力部.· 1 〇 c與滑動構件6的彈簧支援孔7 e中。 這樣一來,第1可動接點10以位於幻、第2支援突起7c、 7d間的支點部分⑽作為支點,在止動部分7d支援另-侧10e 而裝入滑動構件6中。 將由扭曲盤簧構成的第2可動接㈣裝入滑動構件6的第· 2接點支援部8中。 這樣裝入了第1、第2可動接點!〇、12的滑動構件6,在使 從支援壁6a的兩端面6(1、6e突出的引導部“與底壁!上的引 導部汕嵌合的狀態下’從上方蓋上已鉚接了橡膠構件15的 殼體構件13,通過將底壁1壓人殼體構件13的下方開放部分 上,而使底壁1暫時固定於殼體構件13上。 於是,滑動構件6的操作部分的從殼體構件13的通孔13e 向上突出,位於橡膠構件15的目頂狀外周壁⑸内部。 φ 然後’通過將驅動棒16的壓入部⑽壓入橡膠構件ΐ5的壓 入孔1 5 c和滑動構件6土 傅仵6的壓入孔6〇中,而密封殼體構件13内部 的收納部14的上方。 Q而可防止水等液體從殼體構件1 3的上方侵入收納部 分1 4。 • 二通過由環氧樹脂等黏結劑構成的密封材料j 7 密封底壁1的外周部與殼體構件13的外周壁以及第!、第2固 84871 -16- 200401318 定端子2、3與底壁1的壓入孔if的各處缝隙,而密封内部收 納部14的下方侧,可防止水等液體從底壁!侧侵入。 這樣裝配的本發明的開關裝置,内部收納部14如圖8所示 ’被用底壁1的間隔壁1 a分隔為兩個而在圖示左侧形成第1 收納部1 8,在圖示右側形成第2收納部1 9。 而且’在第1收納部1 8形成支援第1可動接點10的第1開關 部’在第2收納部19形成支援第2可動接點12的第2開關部。 這樣構成的本發明的開關裝置的操作如圖8所示,滑動構 件6位於上方,從第!、第2開關為關(〇FF)的初期狀態,當 操作者向下方按壓驅動棒16而使滑動構件6下降時,位於滑 動構件6的第1滑動面9a上的板簧4的滑動部4(1在板簧收納部 分9的傾斜階梯部9c滑動,加在驅動棒16上的按壓力增大, 再向下方按壓滑動構件6,滑動部4d位於第2滑動面9b上。 這時,按壓滑動構件6的操作力急劇變小,進行按壓操作滑 動構件6的操作者可感到敲擊感。 在感到這種敲擊感的同時,第!可動接點1〇的接點部i〇d 接於第1固定端子2的接點構件2c、2ci,一對第1固定端子之 、2通過第i可動接點1〇導通,第關為開(〇n)狀態。 並且,同時從第2可動接點12的的捲繞部! 2a延伸的一對 臂部12b、12b接於第2固定端子3的接點構件“、“上,一 對第2固足端子3、3通過第2可動接點12導通,第2開關為 ON狀態。 時,在電源開關的第!開關側通電的電壓,例如是ι〇〇 伏等高電壓’即使開關變成〇N狀態時產生弧光,也因p 84871 -17- 200401318 收納部1 8、第2收納部丨9之間用間隔壁丨a遮蔽而不會發生孤 光飛入第2收納部1 9中的問題。因而不會產生第2開關部接 點不良等問題。 當從這個第1、第2開關部ON狀態解除驅動棒1 6的按壓時 ’滑動構件6被第1盤簧5向上方推壓而自動恢復到圖8所示 的初期狀態,第1、第2開關部為OFF狀態。 化樣的本發明的開關裝置,在用間隔壁1 a分開的第1收納 邛1 8内配設第!開關,在第2收納部丨9内配設第2開關。 由於將第1、第2開關部分配設於與操作部6b的按壓方向 垂直的並列方向上,所以可縮小縱向尺寸。 由於本發明的開關裝置能用滑動構件6支援第i、第2可動 接點10、12 ’所以可減少零件數量。 發明效果 如以上說明,由於本發明的開關裝置將第丨、第2開關配 汉於與操作部的按壓方向垂直的並列方向上,因而可縮小 結構尺寸,提供小型開關裝置。 並且,第1可動接點為板狀矩形,在滑動構件的支援壁侧 支援一万侧,用支援壁相對側形成的壁構件支援另—侧, 並可上下運動,因而第1可動接點接於第丨固定端子後,也 可使滑動構件滑動,可將滑動構件的行程作為整個行程。 一第1固定端子在第1收納部倒的底壁上按預定間隔配設成 ,當按壓操作滑動構件時,第丨可動接點的另—側可接 於-對固定端子上,所以可用一對第i固定端子和—個第1 可動接點構成第旧關部分,可提供構造簡單、零件數量少 84871 200401318 的開關裝置。 第2可動接點有將彈簧絲捲繞成線圈狀的捲繞部,由從這 個捲繞邵按預定開放角度外延形成一對臂部的扭曲彈簧構 成’所以一對臂部接於第2固定端子後,也可使滑動構件滑 動’可將滑動構件的行程作為整個行程。 第2固疋端子在第2收納部侧的底壁上按預定間隔配設成 一對,當按壓操作滑動構件時,一對臂部接於第2固定端子 上所以可用—對第2固定端予和一個由扭曲盤簧構成的第 2可動接點構成第2開關部分,可提供構造簡單、零件數量 少的開關裝置。 第1、第2固定端子分別有可接觸第丨、第2可動接點的接 點°卩和彳疋這個接點邵向一倒延伸的端予部,將這個端予部 女裝於底壁上而使端子部的前端從底壁導出外部,所以可 用焊錫等將這個從底壁向外導出的端子部安裝在裝置侧的 基板上,可提供在裝置侧安裝容易的開關裝置。 底壁的間隔壁形成可支援滑動構件沿間隔壁滑動的引導 部可使⑺動構件平穩滑動,可提供操作性良好的開關裝 置。 在滑動構件與底壁之間配設第丨盤簧,當解除滑動構件的 按壓操作時,滑動構件在第丨盤簧的作用下自動恢復到按凤 操作前的初期狀態,所以可進—步提供操作性4好的 裝置。 滑動構件形成具有在與按恩操作方向平行方向上傾斜的 階梯部的滑動面,將可壓接於這個滑動面的板簧配設於底 84871 -19- 200401318 壁侧,按壓操作滑動構件時,板簧通過階梯部而產生變形 ,按壓的按壓力產生變化,所以可通過按壓力的變化而感 到敲擊感,提供操作性良好的開關裝置。 另體,分別形成殼體構件與底壁,殼體構件收納部下方 開放’用底壁遮蓋這個開放的收納部下方,用密封材料密 封底壁與殼體構件間的缝隙而密封收納部下方,因而可防 止水等液體從底壁侧侵入。 、山封材料對文裝於底壁上的第丨、第2固定端子的周圍也 塗布1因而具有可確保在底壁側防水的構造。 在從殼體構件向外突出的滑動構件的操作部上配設圓頂 狀橡膠構件,用这個檢狀&、 橡如構件密封收納部的上方,因而還 可從殼體構件的μ 士 p L _ 万止水寺液體的侵入,提供具有確實 防水構造的開關裝置。 在彈性構件上配設驅動拔 λ ^ ^ _ 動棒’通過在橡膠構件上形成的壓 入礼而將這個驅動棒 ..^ β動構件的操作部,因而可通 過按壓杈作驅動棒,使滑 的開關裝置。 力構件滑動,可提供操作性良好 【圖式簡單說明】 圖ϊ是本發明中的一會 s 2 . 万式的開關裝置的立體圖; 圖2疋本發明中的一實 圄3 α μ山 、万式的開關裝置的分解立體圖; 圖3疋關於本發明的滑動構 圖4是關於本發明的 俯視圖, β勒耩件的 圖5是圖4的仰視圖; 正視圖, 圖6疋圖5的6 — 6剖面圖; 84871 -2〇. 200401318 圖7是圖4的右視圖; 圖8是本發明中重要部分的剖面圖。 【圖式代表符號說明】 1 底壁 la 間隔壁 lb 引導部 1 c 彈簧支援部 2 第1固定端子 3 第2固定端子 4 板黃 4c 臂部 4d 滑動部 5 第1盤簧 6 滑動構件 6a 支援壁 6b 操作部 7 第1接點支援部 7a 壁構件 7b 第1支援突起 7c 第2支援突起 7d 止動部 Ί Q 彈簧支援孔 8 第2接點支援部 9 板簀收納部分 84871 -21 - 200401318 9a 第1滑動面 9b 第2滑動面 9c 階梯部 10 第1可動接點 10a 基部 10b 支點部 10c 彈簧承力部 11 第2盤簧 12 第2可動接點 12a 捲繞部 12b 臂部 13 殼體構件 13b 頂壁 13d 鉚接部 14 收納部 15 橡膠構件 15a 外周壁 15b 凸緣 16 驅動棒 16a 圓盤狀操作部分 17 密封材料 18 第1收納部 19 第2收納部Therefore, a pair of the second fixed terminals 3 and 3 ^ are placed on the second fixed terminal 3. 3 Conducted by the second movable contact 12. S4S71 -14- 200401318 The second switch unit is turned on. Upper housing member 13. At this time, the upper hollow storage portion 14 is covered with the top wall 13b. The open portion below it can be arranged above the bottom wall 1 to cover the bottom wall i. The housing member 13 surrounds the periphery with the outer peripheral wall 13a. Fit bottom wall 1. The casing member 13 has a circular paper-shaped groove 13c for mounting the rubber member 15 described later at the center of the upper wall 13b of the upper portion, and a wall-shaped riveted portion 13d is formed on the outer periphery of this groove portion nc by a predetermined thickness and a predetermined height. Inside the arc-shaped groove 13c, a through hole 3e through which the operating portion 6b of the sliding member 6 can be inserted is formed with a predetermined hole diameter. As shown in Fig. 2, a groove portion 13c of the top wall 13b is provided with a dome-shaped rubber member 15 having a hollow inside. This dome-shaped rubber member 5 is composed of a dome-shaped outer peripheral wall 15a and a flange 15b having a predetermined thickness at the outer peripheral portion of the lower portion of the outer peripheral wall 15a. On the top of the dome-shaped outer peripheral wall 5a, a press-in through hole 15c that can press-fit the driving rod worker 6 is formed. Such a rubber member 15 is integrated with the case member 13 by pouring the riveting member 13d into the inside and performing riveting with the flanges 5b located at the groove portions 3c. The driving rod 16 is composed of a disc-shaped operating portion 16a, a press-fitting hole 15c capable of press-fitting the rubber member 5 and a press-fitting hole 6 () of the sliding member 6, and the shape is a comet of a comet ( In the assembly of the switch device of the present invention thus constituted, first, the terminal portions of the first and second fixed terminals 2 and 3 are pressed into the bottom wall 1 by 3b. Then, the plate 84871 -15- 200401318 The spring 4 is inserted into the spring support part ^ of the bottom wall, and at the same time, the first! Disc Jing $ is inserted into the base 4b of the leaf spring 4. The slide member 6 is supported by the first contact support 7 At the same time as the movable contact 10, 'install both ends of the second coil spring 11 into the elastic bearing part of the j-th movable contact ι. · 1 〇c and the spring support hole 7 of the sliding member 6 e In this way, the first movable contact 10 is inserted into the sliding member 6 with the fulcrum portion ⑽ located between the second and second support protrusions 7c and 7d as the fulcrum, and supports the other side 10e at the stopper portion 7d. The second movable contact constituted by a twisted coil spring is inserted into the second contact support portion 8 of the sliding member 6. In this way, the first and second movable contacts are inserted! The sliding member 6 covers the case where the rubber member 15 has been riveted from above, with the guide portions protruding from both end surfaces 6 (1, 6e of the support wall 6a and the guide portions on the bottom wall! The body member 13 presses the bottom wall 1 against the open portion below the case member 13, thereby temporarily fixing the bottom wall 1 to the case member 13. Thus, the operating portion of the sliding member 6 is removed from the case member 13. The through hole 13e protrudes upward and is located inside the ceiling-shaped outer wall ⑸ of the rubber member 15. Then, φ 'is pressed into the press-in hole 1 5 c of the rubber member 和 5 and the sliding member 6 by the press-in portion ⑽ of the driving rod 16 6 is pressed into the hole 60 and seals the upper portion of the storage portion 14 inside the casing member 13. Q prevents liquid such as water from entering the storage portion 14 from above the casing member 13. The second passage is made of epoxy A sealing material made of an adhesive such as resin j 7 seals the outer peripheral portion of the bottom wall 1 and the outer peripheral wall of the housing member 13 and the first, second fixed 84871 -16- 200401318 press-fit holes for the fixed terminals 2, 3 and the bottom wall 1 If there are gaps in the if, the lower side of the internal storage portion 14 is sealed to prevent liquid such as water from the bottom The wall! Side intrusion. In the switch device of the present invention thus assembled, as shown in FIG. 8, the internal storage portion 14 is divided into two by the partition wall 1 a of the bottom wall 1 and a first storage portion 1 is formed on the left side of the drawing. 8. A second storage portion 19 is formed on the right side of the drawing. Furthermore, a “first switch portion supporting the first movable contact 10 is formed in the first storage portion 18” and a second movable contact is formed in the second storage portion 19. The second switch unit of 12. The operation of the switch device of the present invention thus constituted is shown in Fig. 8. The sliding member 6 is positioned above, and from the initial state when the second switch and the second switch are off (0FF), the operator When the sliding member 6 is lowered by pressing the driving rod 16 downward, the sliding portion 4 of the leaf spring 4 located on the first sliding surface 9a of the sliding member 6 (1 slides on the inclined step portion 9c of the leaf spring accommodating portion 9 and is added to the driving The pressing force on the rod 16 is increased, and the sliding member 6 is further pressed downward, and the sliding portion 4d is located on the second sliding surface 9b. At this time, the operating force for pressing the sliding member 6 suddenly decreases, and the operator who performs the pressing operation can feel the knocking feeling. While feeling this percussion, No.! The contact part iod of the movable contact 10 is connected to the contact members 2c and 2ci of the first fixed terminal 2. One of the pair of the first fixed terminals 2 and 2 is turned on through the i-th movable contact 10, and the first is closed. (On) status. And from the winding part of the second movable contact 12 at the same time! A pair of extended arm portions 12b, 12b connected to the contact member "," of the second fixed terminal 3 is connected to the pair of second fixed foot terminals 3, 3 through the second movable contact 12, and the second switch is turned on. status. At the time of the power switch! The voltage applied to the switch side is, for example, a high voltage such as ι 00 volts. Even if an arc occurs when the switch is turned on, it is p 84871 -17- 200401318. A partition wall is used between the storage section 1 and the second storage section 丨 9.丨 a is shielded without the problem of solitary light flying into the second storage portion 19. Therefore, problems such as poor contact of the second switch section do not occur. When the pressing of the driving rod 16 is released from the ON state of the first and second switch sections, the 'sliding member 6 is pushed upward by the first coil spring 5 and automatically returns to the initial state shown in FIG. 8. 2 The switch section is OFF. The switch device of the present invention in a modified form is provided with a first housing 邛 1 8 separated by a partition wall 1 a! The switch is provided with a second switch in the second storage section 9. Since the first and second switch sections are distributed in a parallel direction perpendicular to the pressing direction of the operation section 6b, the vertical size can be reduced. Since the switch device of the present invention can support the i and second movable contacts 10, 12 'by the sliding member 6, the number of parts can be reduced. ADVANTAGEOUS EFFECTS OF THE INVENTION As described above, since the first and second switches of the present invention are arranged in a side-by-side direction perpendicular to the pressing direction of the operating portion, the size of the structure can be reduced and a small-sized switch device can be provided. In addition, the first movable contact is a rectangular plate, supporting 10,000 sides on the supporting wall side of the sliding member, and supporting the other side with a wall member formed on the opposite side of the supporting wall, and can move up and down. Therefore, the first movable contact is connected After the terminal is fixed, the sliding member can also be slid, and the stroke of the sliding member can be taken as the entire stroke. A first fixed terminal is arranged at a predetermined interval on the bottom wall of the first accommodating portion. When the sliding member is pressed, the other side of the first movable contact can be connected to the pair of fixed terminals, so one can be used. The i-th fixed terminal and the first movable contact constitute the first closed part, and can provide a switch device with a simple structure and a small number of parts 84871 200401318. The second movable contact has a winding portion that winds the spring wire into a coil shape, and is composed of a torsion spring that forms a pair of arm portions from this winding frame at a predetermined opening angle. Therefore, the pair of arm portions is connected to the second fixed portion. After the terminal, the sliding member can also be slid. The stroke of the sliding member can be taken as the entire stroke. The second fixed terminal is arranged as a pair on the bottom wall on the side of the second storage portion at a predetermined interval. When the sliding member is pressed and operated, the pair of arm portions is connected to the second fixed terminal, so it is available—for the second fixed end The second switch part is formed by a second movable contact made of a twisted coil spring, and a switch device with a simple structure and a small number of parts can be provided. The first and second fixed terminals respectively have a contact point that can contact the first and second movable contacts ° 卩 and 彳 疋. This contact point extends to the bottom, and this end portion is placed on the bottom wall. Since the front end of the terminal part is led out from the bottom wall, the terminal part led out from the bottom wall can be mounted on the device-side substrate with solder or the like, and a switch device that can be easily installed on the device side can be provided. The partition wall on the bottom wall forms a guide portion that supports the sliding member sliding along the partition wall, which enables the sliding member to smoothly slide, and provides a switch device with good operability. A first coil spring is arranged between the sliding member and the bottom wall. When the pressing operation of the sliding member is released, the sliding member is automatically restored to the initial state before the pressing operation by the first coil spring. Provide 4 devices with good operability. The sliding member forms a sliding surface having a stepped portion inclined in a direction parallel to the direction of operation according to the operation. The leaf spring that can be crimped to this sliding surface is arranged on the bottom 84871 -19- 200401318. When the sliding member is pressed and operated, The leaf spring is deformed by the stepped portion, and the pressing force to be pressed is changed. Therefore, the knocking feeling can be felt by the change of the pressing force, and a switch device with good operability can be provided. In another body, a housing member and a bottom wall are respectively formed, and the lower part of the housing member storage portion is opened. The bottom of the open storage portion is covered with a bottom wall, and the gap between the bottom wall and the housing member is sealed with a sealing material to seal the lower storage portion. This prevents liquids such as water from entering the bottom wall. The seal material is also applied to the periphery of the first and second fixed terminals mounted on the bottom wall, and has a structure that can ensure waterproofing on the bottom wall side. A dome-shaped rubber member is arranged on the operating portion of the sliding member protruding outward from the case member, and the upper part of the storage portion is sealed with this specimen & rubber member. p L _ Wanshui Temple's invasion of liquids provides a switchgear with a reliable waterproof structure. A driving rod λ ^ ^ _ moving rod is provided on the elastic member to drive the driving rod through a pressing-in ceremony formed on the rubber member .. ^ β The operating portion of the moving member can be pressed as a driving rod, so that Sliding switch gear. The force member slides, which can provide good operability. [Simplified illustration of the figure] Figure ϊ is a perspective view of the s 2 10,000-type switch device in the present invention; Figure 2 一 1 圄 3 α μ 山, An exploded perspective view of a Wan-type switching device; Fig. 3 is a sliding view of the present invention; Fig. 4 is a top view of the present invention; Fig. 5 of a β-lock member is a bottom view of Fig. 4; — 6 sectional view; 84871-20.200401318 Figure 7 is a right side view of Figure 4; Figure 8 is a sectional view of an important part of the present invention. [Illustration of representative symbols in the figure] 1 bottom wall la partition wall lb guide 1 c spring support 2 first fixed terminal 3 second fixed terminal 4 plate yellow 4c arm 4d sliding portion 5 first coil spring 6 sliding member 6a support Wall 6b Operating part 7 1st contact support 7a Wall member 7b 1st support projection 7c 2nd support projection 7d Stopper Q Spring support hole 8 2nd contact support 9 Plate holder receiving section 84871 -21-200401318 9a 1st sliding surface 9b 2nd sliding surface 9c stepped portion 10 first movable contact 10a base 10b fulcrum portion 10c spring bearing portion 11 second coil spring 12 second movable contact 12a winding portion 12b arm portion 13 housing Member 13b Top wall 13d Riveted portion 14 Receiving portion 15 Rubber member 15a Outer peripheral wall 15b Flange 16 Drive rod 16a Disk-shaped operating portion 17 Sealing material 18 First receiving portion 19 Second receiving portion

84871 -22-84871 -22-

Claims (1)

200401318 拾、申請專利範圍: 1 · 一種開關裝置,其特徵在於: 具有用配設於下部的底壁遮蔽内部收納部的殼體構 件、和可對收納於收納部内而從殼體構件向外突出的操 作部進行按壓操作的滑動構件; 上述底壁具有將收納部分隔成第1、第2兩個收納部的 間隔壁;上述滑動構件具有通過按壓操作上述操作部而 可沿上述間隔壁滑動的支援壁,在夾持這個支援壁的第 1收納部侧形成第1接點支援部,並在上述第2收納部侧 形成第2接點支援部;在上述第1接點支援部配設第1可 動接點’在第2接點支援部配設第2可動接點; 上述底壁具有配設於第1收納部側的可與上述第1可 動接點相接的第1固定端子、和配設於第2收納部側的可 與第2可動接點相接的第2固定端子; 用上述第1可動接點與上述第1固定端子構成第1開關 ,用上述第2可動接點與上述第2固定端子構成第2開關 ’將上述第1、第2開關配設在與操作部的按壓操作方向 垂直的並列方向上。 2. 根據申請專利範圍第1項所述的開關裝置,其中由上述 β動構件的上述第丨接點支援部支援的第1可動接點為 板狀矩形,在上述滑動構件的上述支援壁側支援一侧, #丄地支援壁的對面侧形成的壁構件支援另一倒,並可 上下移動。 3. 根據申請專利範圍第1"員所述的開關裝置,其中上述第i 84871 200401318 固定端子在上述第i收納部侧的底壁上按就間隔配設 成一對,當按壓操作上述滑動構件時,上述第丨可動接 點的上述另一侧相接於上述—對第丨固定端子上。 4.根據申請專利範圍第丨項所述的開關裝置,其中上述第2 可動接點將彈簧絲捲繞成線圈狀的捲繞部,由從這個捲 繞邯按預疋的開放角度外延形成一對臂部的扭曲彈簧 構成。 5根據申請專利範圍第4項所述的開關裝置,其中上逑第2 固定端子在上述第2收納部侧的上述底壁上按預定間隔 配設成一對,當按壓操作滑動構件時,前述的一對臂部 相接於上述一對第2固定端子上。 6.根據申請專利範圍第1項所述的開關裝置,其中上述第i 、第2固定端子分別具有可與上述第丨、第2可動接點相 接的接點邵和從這個接點部向一侧延伸的端子部,將這 個端予部安裝於上述底壁上,使上述端子部的前端從上 述底壁向外導出。 .根據申請專利範圍第1項所述的開關裝置,其中上述底 土的上逑間隔壁形成有可支援滑動構件沿上述間隔壁 滑動的引導部。 8 4 •报據申請專利範圍第1項所述的開關裝置,其中在上述 滑動構件與上述底壁間配設第1盤簧,當解除上述滑動 構件的按壓操作時’上述滑動構件在上述第1盤簧的作 用下自動恢復到按壓搡作前的初始狀態。 9. 相妙 豕申睛專利範圍第1,所述的開關裝置,其中上述滑 84871 200401318 動構件形成具有在與按壓操作方向平行方向上傾、斜的 階梯部的滑動面’在上述底壁側配設可壓接於這個滑動 面的板簧,按壓操作上述滑動構件,通過板簧因階梯邱 而產生彈性變形,使上述按壓操作的按壓力發生變化。 〇根據申請專利範圍第1項所述的開關裝置,其中分體形 ^上述殼體構件與上述底壁,上逑殼體構件在上述收納 部的下方開放,用上逑底壁遮蔽這個開放的收納部的下 万用达、封材料密封上述底壁與上述殼體 密封上述收納部下方。 定隙而 據申請專利範圍第10項所述的開關裝置,其中上逑麥 圍2對安裝於上述底壁上的上述第卜第2固定; W也進行塗布。 Μ 12 圍第1項所述的開關裝置,其中在從上 圓頂形橡勝構^卜哭出的上述滑動構件的操作部上配設 方。,構件,料個橡膠構件密封上述收納部上 13.根據申請專利筋 , 圍罘12項所述的開關裝置,其中在彈性 耩件上配設驅動扶、2、 且卉甲彺5早性 而固定於上述心^過上述橡膠構件上形成的壓入孔 於上述滑動構件的操作部上。 84871200401318 Patent application scope: 1 · A switch device, which is characterized by having a housing member that shields the internal storage portion with a bottom wall disposed at the lower portion, and can be stored in the storage portion and protrude outward from the housing member. A sliding member that performs a pressing operation by an operation portion of the above; the bottom wall has a partition wall that separates the storage portion into first and second storage portions; and the sliding member includes a sliding portion that can slide along the partition wall by pressing the operation portion. A support wall, a first contact support portion is formed on the first storage portion side holding the support wall, and a second contact support portion is formed on the second storage portion side; a first contact support portion is disposed on the first contact support portion. 1 movable contact 'is provided with a second movable contact in the second contact support section; the bottom wall has a first fixed terminal disposed on the side of the first storage section and capable of contacting the first movable contact, and A second fixed terminal disposed on the side of the second storage portion and capable of contacting the second movable contact; the first switch is configured by the first movable contact and the first fixed terminal, and the second movable contact is connected with The second fixed terminal structure Second switch ′ The first and second switches are arranged in a parallel direction perpendicular to the pressing operation direction of the operation section. 2. The switching device according to item 1 of the scope of patent application, wherein the first movable contact supported by the first contact support section of the β moving member is a rectangular plate, and is on the side of the support wall of the sliding member. On the supporting side, the wall member formed on the opposite side of the # 丄 地 supporting wall supports the other side and can move up and down. 3. According to the switching device described in the first patent application range, the i-th 84871 200401318 fixed terminal is arranged on the bottom wall of the i-th storage unit side in a pair at regular intervals. When the sliding member is pressed and operated, At this time, the other side of the first movable contact is connected to the pair of fixed terminals. 4. The switching device according to item 丨 in the scope of the patent application, wherein the second movable contact winds the spring wire into a coil-shaped winding portion, and a pair of extensions are formed from this winding edge at a predetermined opening angle. The arm is made of a torsion spring. 5 The switching device according to item 4 of the scope of patent application, wherein the upper second fixed terminal is arranged in a pair at a predetermined interval on the bottom wall on the side of the second housing section, and when the sliding member is pressed and operated, A pair of arm portions are connected to the pair of second fixed terminals. 6. The switching device according to item 1 of the scope of patent application, wherein the i-th and second fixed terminals respectively have a contact point which can be connected to the above-mentioned first and second movable contacts, and are directed from this contact portion. The terminal portion extending on one side is mounted on the bottom wall so that the front end of the terminal portion is led out from the bottom wall. The switchgear according to item 1 of the patent application scope, wherein the upper partition wall of the subsoil is formed with a guide portion that can support the sliding member to slide along the partition wall. 8 4 • The switch device according to item 1 of the scope of the patent application, wherein a first coil spring is arranged between the sliding member and the bottom wall, and when the pressing operation of the sliding member is released, the sliding member is in the first 1 coil spring automatically returns to the original state before pressing the operation. 9. The switchgear described in the first patent scope of the phase, wherein the sliding member 84871 200401318 forms a sliding surface having a stepped portion inclined and inclined in a direction parallel to the pressing operation direction on the bottom wall side. A plate spring is provided which can be crimped to this sliding surface, and the sliding member is pressed and operated, and the plate spring is elastically deformed by the step, so that the pressing force of the pressing operation is changed. 〇 The switch device according to item 1 of the scope of patent application, wherein the housing member is separated from the bottom wall, and the upper case member is opened below the storage portion, and the open storage is covered by the upper case bottom wall. The lower universal card and the sealing material seal the bottom wall and the casing to seal the lower portion of the storage portion. According to item 10 of the scope of patent application, the switchgear is provided with a fixed gap, in which the upper cymbal ring 2 is fixed to the second and second pieces mounted on the bottom wall; W is also coated. The switch device according to item 1 of M12, wherein a square is provided on an operating portion of the sliding member which is cried out from the upper dome-shaped rubber structure. The component, a rubber component seals the above-mentioned storage portion. 13. According to the patent application, the switch device described in item 12, wherein the elastic member is equipped with a driving support, 2, and Hui Jia 5 The press-fitting hole formed in the center through the rubber member is fixed on the operation portion of the sliding member. 84871
TW092113082A 2002-05-14 2003-05-14 Power-supply switch device with detection switch TW594815B (en)

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KR (1) KR100530721B1 (en)
CN (1) CN1232998C (en)
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EP1662523A1 (en) * 2004-11-26 2006-05-31 Signal Lux MDS S.r.l. Push button switch
KR100707261B1 (en) * 2005-08-22 2007-04-13 최형욱 Water proof micro switch and the method of manufacturing of it
JP5270129B2 (en) * 2007-10-19 2013-08-21 株式会社アルファ Pushbutton switch mounting structure
TWI449069B (en) * 2012-04-24 2014-08-11 Zippy Tech Corp Waterproof micro switch
KR20200080663A (en) 2018-12-27 2020-07-07 현대트랜시스 주식회사 Switch apparatus

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE7418746U (en) * 1974-05-29 1974-09-05 Licentia Gmbh Push button set with mute switch for a radio receiver
US3934104A (en) * 1974-09-23 1976-01-20 Stout Glenn M Push-button switch
FR2413770B1 (en) * 1977-12-30 1981-07-17 Telemecanique Electrique
DE4244707C2 (en) * 1992-10-05 1995-08-24 Barlian Reinhold switch
JP3335280B2 (en) * 1996-09-10 2002-10-15 新晃電機株式会社 Pushbutton switch and pushbutton switch device using the pushbutton switch

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KR100530721B1 (en) 2005-11-23
JP4097458B2 (en) 2008-06-11
EP1363301A1 (en) 2003-11-19
CN1232998C (en) 2005-12-21
CN1461028A (en) 2003-12-10
EP1363301B1 (en) 2007-07-18
DE60314936D1 (en) 2007-08-30
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KR20030088871A (en) 2003-11-20
DE60314936T2 (en) 2008-04-03

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