SU1093257A3 - Wall - Google Patents

Wall Download PDF

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Publication number
SU1093257A3
SU1093257A3 SU813339344A SU3339344A SU1093257A3 SU 1093257 A3 SU1093257 A3 SU 1093257A3 SU 813339344 A SU813339344 A SU 813339344A SU 3339344 A SU3339344 A SU 3339344A SU 1093257 A3 SU1093257 A3 SU 1093257A3
Authority
SU
USSR - Soviet Union
Prior art keywords
block
pin
hole
blocks
parallel
Prior art date
Application number
SU813339344A
Other languages
Russian (ru)
Inventor
Монтанелли Мишель
Original Assignee
Кибрик Систем С.Р.Л. (Фирма)
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to IT68715/80A priority Critical patent/IT1129828B/en
Application filed by Кибрик Систем С.Р.Л. (Фирма) filed Critical Кибрик Систем С.Р.Л. (Фирма)
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of SU1093257A3 publication Critical patent/SU1093257A3/en

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/42Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities
    • E04B2/44Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position; Spacers for cavity walls
    • E04B2/46Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position; Spacers for cavity walls by interlocking of projections or inserts with indentations, e.g. of tongues, grooves, dovetails
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0202Details of connections
    • E04B2002/0243Separate connectors or inserts, e.g. pegs, pins or keys
    • E04B2002/0245Pegs or pins

Abstract

The invention relates to a building construction system using a series of rectangular blocks (1) which can be laid in superimposed horizontal courses and are formed in such a way as to define, in this condition, a network of intercommunicating vertical and horizontal channels intended to be filled with cast concrete. The system further includes block-positioning pins (14) which can be inserted into corresponding holes (13) formed in each block (1). Each of these holes (13) has an oval-shaped cross-section with its major axis lying parallel to the longitudinal axis of the block so that each block (1) can be displaced slightly in a direction parallel to its longitudinal axis with respect to the positioning pins (14) inserted in the holes (13) of the block.

Description

2. The wall according to claim 1, characterized by an imaginary cylinder coaxially with the fact that the radial ribs with the pin and having a diameter are directed tangentially relative to the diameter of the pin body.
1093257
The invention relates to construction, in particular to walls made of blocks laid in rows.
The known block is made of blocks, each of which has upper and lower surfaces and two end surfaces, a central through hole, symmetric about the middle plane, two depressions formed in the end face of the 10th block, and the upper and lower surfaces have depressions in which the connecting pins are located, and the block has vertical and horizontal channels for filling with concrete 113.
The disadvantage of this construction is the complexity of the wall of blocks.
The closest technical solution to the present invention is a wall comprising rectangular blocks arranged in rows with a central through hole located symmetrically with respect to the mid-plane of the 25 block, parallel to the end surfaces, and recesses in the end surfaces of the block. and the upper surface of the block is made with edge longitudinal projections, grooves in the form of two semi-channels adjacent to the projections, and central projections, each of which has a hole located in these are the installation pins, which refer to the 35 annular flange in the middle, entering the adjacent openings of the adjacent blocks 2.
However, this technical solution is characterized by the complexity of the technology of wall erection and the insufficient accuracy of fixing the blocks.
The purpose of the invention is to simplify and improve the accuracy of wall construction.
This goal is achieved by the fact that, in the wall, the rectangular building blocks are laid in rows with a central through hole located symmetrically with respect to the mid-plane of the block, parallel to the end surfaces, and recesses in the end surfaces of the block. the surface of the block is made with edge longitudinal protrusions, notches in the form of two semi-channels, adjacent to the protrusions, and central protrusions, each of which has a hole with installation holes located in them and pins having an annular flange in the middle, adjacent to the adjacent holes of adjacent blocks, each hole for mounting pins has a cross section of an oval shape, the main axis of which is parallel to the longitudinal axis of the block, and each mounting pin is made with a number of radial ribs whose height decreases towards its ends, making the radial ribs tangentially relative to an imaginary cylinder coaxially with the pin and having a diameter smaller than the diameter of the pin body.
FIG. 1 shows a rectangular building block; in fig. 2 - building block, plan view; in fig. 3 shows section A-A in FIG. 2 with mounting pins; in fig. 4 - wall laying, plan view; in fig. 5 is a section BB in FIG. four; in fig. 6 installation pin, general view; in fig. 7 - set pin, top view.
The rectangular building block 1 has a 4 front face 2, a bottom face 3, two end surfaces 4 and two side faces 5. The top face 2 and the bottom face 3 of unit 1 have the same configuration. The face surfaces 4 are also similar to each other.
The block 1 has a central opening 6 which extends from the upper front surface 2 to the lower front surface 3. The central opening 6 is defined by four flat surfaces that are perpendicular to each other, and rectangularly arranged in a plane parallel to the upper and lower front surfaces of the block 1, wherein the cross section of the central opening 6 is symmetrical with respect to the median plane parallel to the end surfaces 4 of block 1. The end surfaces 4 of the block have two notches 7, each being identical of the two halves, into which f the central opening 6 is divided by a median plane. The lateral side 5 of the block 1, facing the outside of the wall, has a flat surface 8, which is made for aesthetic purposes. The upper front surface 2 and the lower front surface 3 have a pair of flat parallel surfaces 9 located at a distance from each other and extended along the central opening .6 and notches 7. In addition, each surface 2 and 3 has a longitudinal recess 10 located between two flat parallel surfaces 9. The notch 10 includes two half-channels 11, spaced from each other and adjacent to the flat surfaces 9. The central plane 12 is located between the two half-channels 11. Two holes 13, The passage through the block from the upper front surface 2 to the lower front surface 3 is open in the plane 12 of the recess 10. The axis of each hole 13 is perpendicular to the planes 2 and 3 and is located midway between the central hole 6 and the corresponding notch 7. The hole 13 are intended to receive locating pins 14. Each locating pin 14 consists of a tubular body 15 provided with a middle annular flange 16 and a number of ribs 17 directed tangentially relative to an imaginary cylinder coaxially with pin 14, and and The diameter is smaller than the diameter of the tubular body 15. Each pin 14 has edges, the upper part of which decreases towards the ends of the tubular body 15. The installation studs 14 allow you to create a wall from rectangular blocks by simply and quickly aligning the blocks in horizontal rows, the Wall is made as follows. The blocks are stacked dry so that the face sides. 4 of each block was located in accordance with the median plane of the underlying block. As soon as the horizontal row of blocks is ready, the dowel pins 14 are inserted into the top of the holes of the 13 blocks. The middle ring flange 16 of each installation. .. pin 14 rests on the flat part 12 of the corresponding block. Each hole 13 has a cross section of oval shape with a main axis directed parallel to the longitudinal axis of the block. Therefore, as soon as the block is placed on the dowel pins protruding from the downstream blocks, it can be slightly shifted in a direction parallel to its longitudinal axis. This makes it possible to compensate for any deviations in block sizes within tolerance when installing a horizontal row of blocks. The ribs 17 on each locating pin facilitate the insertion of the pin into the corresponding hole. Input effective when turning the pin counterclockwise. Once the rectangular block is installed in the aligned horizontal row, aperture 6, recesses 7 and recesses of 10 different blocks form a network of vertical and horizontal channels designed to be filled with liquid concrete in order to form a reinforced structure capable of holding different blocks in the mounting position. Each horizontal channel is defined by recesses 10, which, facing each other, form two horizontal channels of circular cross-section, connected by a central flat part. These channels can be used for laying electrical wires or can contain reinforcing rods in structures that are resistant to earthquakes. The use of this block design will simplify the technology of wall erection with a simultaneous increase in accuracy,
1093257
The 17-pin pins make it easy to compensate for the deviation of the corresponding holes, nor the size of the blocks, while their sectional cross-section allows production within the limits of acceptable blocks to mix and so.
$ t

Claims (2)

1. WALL, including rectangular building blocks stacked in rows with a central through hole located symmetrically relative to the middle plane of the block, parallel to the end surface
Fie. 1 the surfaces of the block, and the lower and upper surfaces of the block are made with longitudinal longitudinal protrusions, recesses in the form of two half-channels adjacent to the protrusions, and central protrusions, in each of which there is a hole, with mounting pins located in them having an annular flange in the middle included in adjacent openings of adjacent blocks, characterized in that, in order to simplify and improve the accuracy of wall construction, each hole for the mounting pins has an oval cross-section, the main axis otorrhea directed parallel to the longitudinal axis of the block, and each adjusting pin is formed with a number of radial ribs whose height decreases
,. 5 , SU 1093257>
2. Wall pop. 1, characterized in that the radial ribs are directed tangentially relative to an imaginary cylinder coaxial with the pin and having a diameter smaller than the diameter of the body of the pin.
SU813339344A 1980-11-10 1981-10-05 Wall SU1093257A3 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
IT68715/80A IT1129828B (en) 1980-11-10 1980-11-10 Building construction system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
SU1093257A3 true SU1093257A3 (en) 1984-05-15

Family

ID=11310369

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
SU813339344A SU1093257A3 (en) 1980-11-10 1981-10-05 Wall

Country Status (6)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0052082B1 (en)
AT (1) AT10659T (en)
DE (1) DE3167552D1 (en)
IT (1) IT1129828B (en)
SU (1) SU1093257A3 (en)
TR (1) TR21470A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2005035897A1 (en) * 2003-08-22 2005-04-21 Devich Milan Wall fence

Families Citing this family (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3447931A1 (en) * 1984-07-31 1986-06-26 Metten Produktion & Handel Dry-masonry-wall system
DE3428148A1 (en) * 1984-07-31 1986-02-13 Metten Produktion & Handel Dry stone wall system
NL8703076A (en) * 1987-12-18 1989-07-17 Pieter De Jong WOOD CONNECTION.
DD296522A5 (en) * 1989-06-19 1991-12-05 Werner Hilmar,Wb Building system for the construction of high buildings
FR2663064B1 (en) * 1990-06-12 1992-10-02 Francois Michel Method of dry assembly of construction elements.
DE4427791A1 (en) * 1994-08-08 1996-02-15 Markus Lutz Building element of mixt. of cement and clay, etc.
EP0791697A1 (en) * 1996-02-21 1997-08-27 Staboplast Kunststoffertigung GmbH Peg for use in a method of assembling blocks with holes
DE19840774A1 (en) * 1998-09-07 2000-03-09 Bernd Beck Connector to link hollow bricks at their end sides has a main plate or bar with projecting spacers to fit into hollow zones of the bricks and lock them together in rows
CZ304625B6 (en) * 2002-11-28 2014-08-13 Václav Vachuška Assembly of building elements, particularly for erecting walls
FR2862993A1 (en) * 2003-11-28 2005-06-03 Alain Grima Construction procedure for wall or similar uses spacers to align blocks in different courses, filling gaps with sealant afterwards
ITMI20062182A1 (en) * 2006-11-14 2008-05-15 Michele Montanelli Improved interlocking brick
GB2461879A (en) * 2008-07-15 2010-01-20 Borough Recycling Specialists Building block and pin system
US9315992B2 (en) * 2012-02-18 2016-04-19 Geovent LLC Convex structural block for constructing parabolic walls
WO2020132705A1 (en) * 2018-12-20 2020-06-25 Le Thanh Tai Interlocking block and construction method of a wall built from these block

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3479782A (en) * 1967-08-04 1969-11-25 George B Muse Construction block
CA987511A (en) * 1972-10-06 1976-04-20 Norman N. Aylon Masonry block and building panels
CH606679A5 (en) * 1976-07-05 1978-11-15 Baupres Ag Building blocks with perimeter holes
GB1559636A (en) * 1976-07-05 1980-01-23 Baupres Ag Building block
CH610976A5 (en) * 1977-02-24 1979-05-15 Baupres Ag Parallelepipedal construction block

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
1. Патент US 4110949 кл. 5,2-437, опублик. 1978. 2. Патент СССР № 670236, кл. Б 04 С 1/08, 1977 (прототип). *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2005035897A1 (en) * 2003-08-22 2005-04-21 Devich Milan Wall fence

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE3167552D1 (en) 1985-01-17
IT1129828B (en) 1986-06-11
TR21470A (en) 1984-07-01
EP0052082A1 (en) 1982-05-19
EP0052082B1 (en) 1984-12-05
AT10659T (en) 1984-12-15
IT8068715D0 (en) 1980-11-10

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