RU56916U1 - Waterproof building system - Google Patents

Waterproof building system Download PDF

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Publication number
RU56916U1
RU56916U1 RU2006116522/22U RU2006116522U RU56916U1 RU 56916 U1 RU56916 U1 RU 56916U1 RU 2006116522/22 U RU2006116522/22 U RU 2006116522/22U RU 2006116522 U RU2006116522 U RU 2006116522U RU 56916 U1 RU56916 U1 RU 56916U1
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
building
drainpipe
drainage
roof
outside
Prior art date
Application number
RU2006116522/22U
Other languages
Russian (ru)
Inventor
Виктор Петрович Протасов
Иван Михайлович Дегтярев
Нина Михайловна Вавуло
Original Assignee
Виктор Петрович Протасов
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by Виктор Петрович Протасов filed Critical Виктор Петрович Протасов
Priority to RU2006116522/22U priority Critical patent/RU56916U1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of RU56916U1 publication Critical patent/RU56916U1/en

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Abstract

The drainage system of the building, including a drainpipe from a roof-mounted drain funnel and drainpipe links, moreover, according to a utility model, the drainage funnel and drainpipe links are installed with the possibility of heating by the internal heat of the building, while the link directly adjacent to the drainage funnel is partially located inside the building , and the section of the drainpipe located outside the building is insulated. 11 s. P. f-ly, 6 ill.

Description

This utility model relates to the field of construction and repair of buildings and structures for various purposes, namely, devices designed to improve the functioning of drainage systems, in particular, to prevent icing.
Known gutter system of the building, including a gutter from a roof mounted funnel and links of the gutter (1).
This gutter system is mounted on the roof having, in comparison with traditional roofs, the following advantages:
- Such a roof does not have horizontal lying folded joints, that is, there is no danger of leaks through open folds, especially in the winter period of operation;
- There is no metal corrosion at the junction of the wall trough with the ordinary roof, starting as a result of moisture entering the open folds, which ultimately prolongs the potential service life of the roofing material;
- Excludes time-consuming operations for the manufacture of a wall gutter;
- Excludes the operation of connecting the seam of the wall chute with the ordinary roof and smearing the joints with sealant, lining the ends of the comb seams;
- Reduces the time of work with the roof open. Wall gutters can be formed after all the roof elements are installed.
As a result of attaching the lower clamp of the ordinary roof to the crate in the immediate vicinity (0.05 m - 0.1 m) from the bend of the gutter, the average strength of the gutter fastening increases by an average of two when exposed to wind and power loads. Meanwhile, with the traditional method of attaching the wall trough, laying the clamps in the recumbent folds connecting the trough patterns to each other is not provided. When installing the wall chute from the ordinary roof, the additional fastening of the chutes to the base holds it even if the rivets of the side of the wall chute are detached from the hook.
Since wall grooves are formed in the presence of dumped double folds, the sides of the wall groove have additional stiffening ribs and are less susceptible to changes in the initial configuration in case of sliding ice masses.
The maintainability of wall gutters from an ordinary roof does not deteriorate compared to the traditional method, since there is always the possibility of replacing them with traditional gutters without dismantling the roof.
This device is applicable for the manufacture of all types of folded roofs from metal roofing sheets, while the height of the sides of the gutters can be varied. The problem of the presence of horizontal recumbent folds, as one of the bottlenecks in the reliability of the roof, is being solved, increasing the manufacturability of work, and, as a result, the quality of work.
However, this roof, with all its advantages, has the inherent disadvantage of all roofs, consisting in the possibility of icing.
Let us explain this in more detail.
The water collected by the wall or mounted gutters is discharged through a tray to a water intake funnel, from there it enters the links of the drainpipe, equipped with knees, if necessary, and then, via a mark, to the street (1). Each water intake funnel can be installed with the lower part in the elbow of the drainpipe, and the upper part is attached to the cornice with a soft annealed wire or to the chute tray with rivets (2).
The device described in the source (1) is adopted as a prototype of the claimed device, since it is closest to it in terms of the combination of common essential features and the achieved technical result.
A disadvantage of the known device is that the water intake funnel essentially hangs on the eaves of the roof of the building, which is not reliable and dangerous for people passing under the building. In addition, such a construction, as noted earlier, allows ice caps to form inside the elements of the drainage system of the building (water intake funnel, links, trays, mark) and ice on the roof in the autumn - winter - spring period, when the air temperature during the day can vary from plus to minus values.
As a result of the formation of ice plugs in the intake funnels and drainpipes, the water that accumulates in the mouths of the water chutes drains from the edges of the roof roofs, bypassing the ice-filled intake funnels and drainpipes. The resulting icing and icicles pose a great danger to pedestrians, and the gutters quickly fail. In addition, during frosts during thaws, there is a constant internal icing of the drainpipes and water intake funnels until they are completely frozen, which leads to deformation of the drains, a break
drainpipes and water intake funnels from pendants, to get wet and damage the walls of buildings from water sprayed from downpipes.
The traditional way of dealing with the icing of gutters and the formation of icicles on the edges of the roofs consists in mechanically manually breaking ice and cleaning the roofs of snow with a crowbar and shovel. Carrying out these works is unsafe, associated with high costs, and also leads to damage to roofs and drains (3).
Various anti-icing systems have been proposed, in particular, by applying a hydrophobic anti-icing coating to the roof surface, which reduces the adhesion of the formed ice to the surface of the drainage device, which contributes to the delamination and sliding of the ice layer when it reaches a thickness of 35 mm (4), or based on heating elements of drainage systems of buildings using electric current (5), (6), (7), (8). However, these technical solutions are unsafe for pedestrians passing near the building, require significant costs for their construction, operation and repair, are not characterized by increased reliability, since the water intake funnel in the known devices hangs on the roof eaves of the building, which is not reliable and dangerous for those passing under building people. It should also be noted that the measures listed are related to operational means, i.e.
to funds that are used on already erected buildings and structures.
In particular, the disadvantages of devices for preventing the formation of ice in gutter systems of roofs of buildings based on heating elements of gutter systems of buildings using electric current include the following:
- the consumption of a significant amount of electric energy for heating the drainage device, which increases the cost of operating the building as a whole;
- low resistance of used heaters to aggressive environmental influences;
- increased measures of electrical safety of people during the operation of roofs;
- the availability of automation control electric heaters, which increases the cost of the device as a whole, its repair and maintenance;
- the complexity of maintenance and technical repair, including, if necessary, cleaning from dirt and rust, painting, repair of other damage.
The technical task of the utility model, to the solution of which it is aimed, is to create a drainage system of the building, which is simultaneously characterized by both increased reliability and
preventing its icing with the formation of ice plugs. In addition, the objective of the utility model is to reduce the cost of the device, repair and operation of the drainage system of the building.
At the same time, an example of the implementation of the utility model is given on the most advanced roof currently described in the source (1), taken as a prototype.
As a result, it becomes possible to produce the roof of the building that best meets modern requirements for its quality and longevity.
The problem is solved in that in the drainage system of the building, including a drainpipe from a roof-mounted intake funnel and links of the drainpipe, according to a utility model, the intake funnel and the links of the drainpipe are installed with the possibility of heating by the internal heat of the building, while directly adjacent to the intake funnel the part of the drainpipe is partially located inside the building, and the section of the drainpipe located outside the building is insulated.
This set of common essential features is applicable for any use of the claimed utility model.
The proposed device is characterized by increased reliability, since it does not have hanging funnels hanging on the roof cornice and
suspended gutters, as well as the fact that it does not icy and does not form ice plugs in it, as a result of which the cost of the device, repair and operation of the gutter system of the building is reduced.
In addition, with regard to the device, the applicant considers it necessary to highlight the following development and / or refinement of its essential features related to particular cases of implementation or use.
As noted above, to solve this problem, it is necessary that the water intake funnel and drainpipe links are installed with the possibility of heating by the internal heat of the building. Specifically, their location depends on various reasons, in particular, on the roof structure. For example, if the roof has an attic, it is advisable to partially position the drainpipe link directly adjacent to the water intake funnel inside the attic so that it passes through the cornice.
As for the water intake funnel, it is preferable that it is located in the plane of the roof of the roof, without going beyond the line of the outer perimeter of the wall of the building, since in this case it is effectively ensured by the heat of this building.
The design of the water intake funnel with the possibility of heating with the internal heat of the building can be different. Applicant has developed
their many options. For example, a water intake funnel can be made of a composite from a recess of a sheet of an ordinary roof with a through hole supported on a recess mounted on the roof of a more rigid base with a through hole coaxial to it (in particular, made of a steel sheet with a thickness of 2-3 mm), and directly adjacent to a drainage funnel, a link of a drainpipe passes through the aforementioned openings and is fixed at one end to the recess of the sheet of the ordinary roof, and the other end leaves the building to the outside with the possibility of attaching to it located Ruzhi building downpipe section. However, there may be other designs.
The applicant has also developed many insulation designs. For example, the insulation can directly contact a portion of the drainpipe located outside the building. However, it is preferable that between the portion of the drainpipe located outside the building and the insulation there would be a gap divided along the length of the transverse insulation walls into separate cavities. In this case, in addition to insulation, the function of thermal insulation will be additionally carried out by air located in closed cavities between the drainage sections
pipes, insulation and transverse heat-insulating partitions.
With this design, the air rising through the drainpipe will heat up as it approaches the water intake funnel, preventing the formation of ice. At the same time, to ensure effective prevention of ice formation, it is advisable that the insulation be capable of providing a temperature difference of at least 10 ° C between the temperature outside it and the temperature of the drainpipe section covered by it located outside the building.
The section of the drainpipe located outside the building can be insulated with various heaters. It is desirable that the insulation is a hydrophobic insulation, that is, water-repellent insulation material. Various materials can be used as insulation, for example, block polystyrene, extruded polystyrene, foam glass, etc.
Air heating will increase even more if rods of heat-conducting material, for example, metal, are placed in the building, one end part of which is installed with the possibility of heating by the internal heat of the building, and the opposite end
the parts will be located with the possibility of contact with the drainpipe section located outside the building.
The utility model is illustrated in the drawing.
Figure 1 shows the roof of the roof, a view in plan;
In Fig.2 is a section aa of Fig.1 of a variant of the claimed device, according to which a link of a drainpipe directly adjacent to the water intake funnel is partially located inside the building, "passing" the attic (details of fastening the drainpipe and insulation to the building wall are not shown) (reduced );
Figure 3 shows a section BB-2 of a variant of the claimed device, according to which a link of a drainpipe directly adjacent to the water intake funnel is partially located inside the building, "passing" the attic (enlarged);
Figure 4 shows the basis (axonometry);
Figure 5 shows a section aa of figure 1 of another embodiment of the claimed device, according to which the link directly to the water intake funnel is partially located inside the building, outside the attic (details of fastening the drain pipe and insulation to the wall of the building are not shown) (reduced) ;
Figure 6 shows a section BB-5 of a variant of the claimed device, according to which a link of a drainpipe directly adjacent to the water intake funnel is partially located inside the building, outside the attic (enlarged).
Note: since for both variants of the claimed utility model, the images of the roof of the roof in the plan view shown in Fig. 1 are the same, then in order to reduce the number of drawings, Figure 1 is an image of the plan view of the roof of the roof for both one option and the other. Section A-A is shown separately for one embodiment in FIG. 2 (according to which the link of the drain pipe directly adjacent to the water intake funnel is partially located inside the building, “passing” the attic) and for another variant in FIG. 5 (according to which it is directly adjacent to the water intake a funnel a part of the drainpipe is partially located inside the building, outside the attic.
The drainage system 1 of building 2 includes a drainpipe 3 from a roof-mounted intake funnel 5 and links 6 of the drainpipe (FIG. 1 and FIG. 2). The water intake funnel 5 and links 6 of the drainpipe 3 are installed with the possibility of heating by the internal heat of the building. In this case, directly adjacent to the water intake funnel, link 7 of the drainpipe 3 is partially
located inside building 2, and located outside of building 2, section 8 of the drainpipe 3 is insulated with insulation 9 (FIG. 2 and FIG. 5).
Note: to simplify the description, the applicant will first consider in detail one variant of the claimed device, according to which the link of the drain pipe 3 directly adjacent to the intake funnel 5 is partially located inside the building 2, “passing” the attic 10 (Fig. 2 and Fig. 3). After the description of this option is completed, another option will be described, according to which the link directly adjacent to the water intake funnel is partially located inside the building, outside the attic 10 (Fig. 5 and Fig. 6).
As noted above, the water intake funnel 5 and the drain pipe links are installed with the possibility of heating with the internal heat of building 2, while the link directly adjacent to the water intake funnel is partially located inside the building, and the section of the drain pipe located outside the building is insulated.
This can be achieved by various design solutions.
For example, it is preferable that the link of the drainpipe 3 directly adjacent to the intake funnel 5 is partially located inside the attic 10, passing through the cornice (see figure 2).
Another example. To provide the possibility of heating with the internal heat of building 2, the intake funnel 5 can be located in the plane of the roof of the roof 4, without going beyond the line of the outer perimeter of the wall of the building 2. In general, the intake funnel can be located otherwise, for example, being in the plane of the roof of the roof line of the outer perimeter of the attic. The main thing is that it is heated by the heat of the building, and this will happen, provided that the water intake funnel 5 is moved to the plane of the roof, and does not hang outside the roof on a cold cornice, as in the prototype.
The design of the water intake funnel 5 may have numerous specific design options. For example, as shown in FIG. 2, the water intake funnel 5 includes a recess 11 of the sheet 12 of the ordinary roof 13 with a through hole 14, supported on a base 15 mounted on the roof 4 with a through hole 16 aligned thereto.
Directly adjacent to the intake funnel 5, the link 7 of the drain pipe 3 passes through the aforementioned holes 14 and 16 and is attached to the recess 11 of the sheet 12 of the ordinary roof 13 with one end 17, and the other end 18 leaves the building 2 outside with the possibility of attaching to it an area located outside the building 8 downspout 3.
As a result of this design, the links 6 of the drainpipe 3 are installed with the possibility of heating by the internal heat of the building, namely, the link 7 of the drainpipe 3 directly adjacent to the intake funnel 5 is partially located inside the building 2 (passes through the cornice and does not hang on the ledge outside the building, as in the prototype (1), and the section 8 of the drainpipe 3 located outside the building 2 is also not directly affected by the ambient temperature, since it is insulated with a heater 9 along with the end 18 of the link 7 protruding from the building Eastern tube 3.
Let us consider in more detail the design of the section 8 of the drainpipe 3 located outside the building 2. This section 8 consists of the links 6 of the drainpipe 3. In addition, this section contains other commonly used elements: knees, inter-knee links, mark, etc. (not shown in the figures, since they are commonly used, are selected in the course of conventional engineering design and do not constitute the essence of a utility model). The links 6 are hung on the wall with the help of clamps (grips) 19. The bent ends of the clamps (stag) 20 are connected with a wire 21, tightly twisted with pliers. You can also use clamps with bolts and nuts. The pin 22 of the clamp 19 is fixed in the wall 23 of the building 2 not
with the help of wooden corks, hammered into the made nests in the wall, and with the help of rods 24 (monolithic) placed in the wall of the building from heat-conducting material, for example, metal. The end parts 25 of the rods 24 are installed with the possibility of heating with the internal heat of the building, and the opposite end parts 26 are located with the possibility of contact with the section of the drainpipe located outside the building through the clamp 19. In other words, the pin 22 of the clamp 19 has a special design containing placed (monolithic) in rods 24 of a heat-conducting material, for example, metal, to the wall of a building. As a result of this design, it is possible to heat the section 8 of the drainpipe 3 located outside the building with internal heat. The drainpipe 3 is mounted by sequential assembly of links 6 and link 7 in the usual manner, for example, from the bottom up. This is described in detail in source (2) on p. 373-376.
The insulation 9 may have a different design, for example, consist of separate sections 26 of the insulation. These sections 26 of the insulation can either directly cover sections located outside the building 2 section 8 of the drainpipe 3 or cover them with a gap 27, as shown in figure 2 and figure 3. The gap 27 between located outside the building section 8 of the drainpipe and
insulation 9 can be divided along the length of the transverse heat-insulating partitions 28 into separate cavities 29. The air in them in confined spaces will help maintain heat in the design of the drainpipe. Separate sections 26 of the insulation 9 are securely attached to the wall 23 of the building, for example, by means of female clamps 30 and pins 31 fixed in plugs installed in sockets made in the wall with jumpers or an electric drill (not shown in the figures, since it is well known, for example, from source (2) p. 373-376).
To ensure the effective operation of the device, it is desirable that the insulation 9 be made with the possibility of providing a temperature difference of at least 10 ° C between the temperature outside it and the temperature of the portion 8 of the drainpipe 3 covered by it located outside the building 2. This can be achieved, in particular, by selection insulation material, its thickness, density, etc. and checked by heat engineering calculation. As a heater, various building materials can be used, for example, block or extruded polystyrene foam, foam glass, etc. The insulation may have a different color. For example, it can be selected to match the color of the exterior wall of the building and is included in the facade elements.
The cross section of the sections of the drainpipe 3 can be of any shape, including in the form of a circle, square or rectangle.
Such is the design as a whole of a variant of the claimed device, according to which the link directly adjacent to the water intake funnel is partially located inside the building, “passing” the attic.
Let us consider in detail the process of erecting this variant of the claimed gutter system using the example of a building with a metal roof, described in the prototype (1), from which individual design features, as well as the method of its erection, will be more clear.
First, on the rafters, they fix the crate with or without prozory. In the place over which the roof 32 of the eaves overhang 33 will be located, the crate is installed without clarity, forming a cornice flooring.
These operations are widely known, described in detail in the prototype (1) and are not the subject of a utility model. Therefore, they are not described in detail. Then install the roof 32 of the eaves 33. For this, first prepare the picture of the eaves in the workshop. On the cornice flooring, which is part of the eaves overhang, they are interconnected, for example, by double folds with a joint sealant, and on the bottom side the connected cornice paintings
overhangs are put on crutches, and on top they are fixed to the crate with the help of roofing nails. This operation, as described, previously widely known, described in detail in the prototype (1) and is not the subject of a utility model. Therefore, it is not described in detail.
Then, in the place where it is necessary to arrange a water intake funnel in the roof 32 of the eaves 33 form a through hole 34. After that, make a through hole 35 in the eaves and in the eaves 33. Mount the base 15 on the roof, placing its through hole 16 coaxially with the through hole 35 in the eaves and in the eaves 33. For mounting the base 15 on the roof, special support points can be arranged to which the base 15 is attached. The base 15 resembles a trough with a through hole in the middle part. It is made of relatively thick steel, for example, with a thickness of 2 or 3 mm, and therefore is a relatively rigid structure, on which a recess 11 of a sheet 12 of an ordinary roof can be placed (see below). After mounting the base 15, the laying of ordinary roof paintings begins. First, lay the sheet 12 of the ordinary roof, applied directly to the base 15, and then continue to lay the sheets of the ordinary roof on both sides of this sheet 12. The details of this process are described in the prototype. For the claimed utility model, it is important that after laying
the sheet 12 of the ordinary roof in it is beaten with a mallet with a notch 11 and a through hole 14 is made in it, coaxial with the through hole 16 in the base 15. This is facilitated by the stiffness of the base 15 made of relatively thick steel sheets. In the General case, the recess 11 in the sheet 12 of the ordinary roof can be made in advance, for example, in the shop before climbing to the roof of the building. As a result of this operation, we have a laid sheet 12 of the ordinary roof with a recess 11 located in the base 15 (this assembly forms a water intake funnel 5). On both sides of the sheet 12 lay other sheets 13 of the ordinary roof. After this, you can proceed to the formation of the wall groove 36, which is described in detail in the prototype (1). At the same time, work is underway on the erection of the drainage system of the building. To do this, through the through hole 14 in the recess 11, the through hole 16 in the base 15 and the through hole 34 in the roof 32 of the eaves 33, thread the end of the link 7 directly adjacent to the water intake funnel 5. Then this link is lowered into the through hole 35 in the ledge 33 so so that the other end 18 of this link comes out from the cornice 33. The flange 37 of link 7 is connected to the water inlet funnel 5. Numerous connection options are possible here. For example, the flange 37 can be attached using nails 38, punched to the wooden elements of the roof with punching sheet 12 of the ordinary roof and base 15. For
tightness between the sheet 12 of the ordinary roof and the base 15 around the through holes can be laid ring rubber gasket.
After that, the remaining sections of the drainpipe and insulation can be mounted. This installation process is obvious. Installation of sections is widely known (see, for example, source (2), does not relate to the essence of the utility model and, therefore, is not considered.
The work of the drainage system of the building.
Suppose that as a result of the flow of solar heat, the snow began to melt and the water flowing through the wall trench 36 flows to the water intake funnel 5. Since the water intake funnel 5 is in the roof plane with the possibility of heating with the building’s internal heat, it has a temperature above 0 ° C and water it does not freeze. After that, water flows from the intake funnel 5 to the link 7 of the drainpipe 3 located inside the building 2 directly adjacent to the intake funnel 5. This link 7 is also mounted with the possibility of heating by the internal heat of the building. Its temperature is also above 0 ° C and the water in it does not freeze. Next, the water flows into the section 8 of the drainpipe 3 located outside the building, which is insulated with insulation 9. From there, the water flows into the street. To prevent freezing of water in this part of the drainage system, it is desirable that the insulation be made with
the possibility of providing a temperature difference of at least 10 ° C between the temperature outside it and the temperature below it. Due to the rods 24, the clamps 19 are heated with heat from inside the building, and through the clamps, the section 8 of the drainpipe is also heated. The insulation 9, as well as the air in the cavities 29, contribute to the preservation of heat and maintaining a temperature difference of at least 10 ° C between the temperature outside the insulation and the temperature of the drainpipe section covered by it located outside the building. This prevents freezing of water in the drainpipe.
An ice plug in the drain funnel and downpipe does not form.
Thus, due to the fact that the water intake funnel and the drainpipe have heating, ice does not form in either the water intake funnel or the drainpipe. Water generated on the roof freely leaves the roof through a warm drain.
Such is the construction of a variant of the claimed device, according to which the link of the drainpipe 3 directly adjacent to the water intake funnel 5 is partially located inside the building 2, "passing" the attic 10 (Fig.2 and Fig.3).
Now consider another option, according to which the link directly adjacent to the water intake funnel is partially located inside the building, outside the attic 10 (Fig. 5 and Fig. 6).
In this embodiment, the drainage system 1 of building 2 includes a drainpipe 3 from a roof funnel 5 mounted on the roof 4 and links 6 of the drainpipe (FIG. 1, FIG. 5, FIG. 6). The water intake funnel 5 and links 6 of the drainpipe 3 are installed with the possibility of heating by the internal heat of the building. In this case, the link 7 of the drain pipe 3 directly adjacent to the intake funnel 5 is partially located inside the building 2, and the portion 8 of the drain pipe 3 located outside the building 2 is insulated with a heater 9 (Fig. 5 and Fig. 6).
As noted above, the water intake funnel 5 and the drain pipe links are installed with the possibility of heating with the internal heat of building 2, while the link directly adjacent to the water intake funnel is partially located inside the building outside the attic, and the section of the drain pipe located outside the building is insulated.
This can be achieved by various design solutions.
Consider them in this embodiment. As shown in figure 5 directly adjacent to the intake funnel 5 link 7
a drainpipe 3 is partially located inside building 2, passing through a cornice 39, bypassing the attic.
To ensure that the internal heat of building 2 of the intake funnel 5 can be heated, it is transferred to the roof plane, and does not hang outside the roof on a cold cornice, as in the prototype.
As shown in figure 5, the water intake funnel 5 includes a recess 11 of the sheet 12 of the ordinary roof 13 with a through hole 14, supported on a base 15 mounted on the roof 4 with a through hole 16 aligned thereto.
Directly adjacent to the intake funnel 5, the link 7 of the drainpipe 3 passes through the aforementioned holes 14 and 16 and is attached at one end to the recess 11 of the sheet 12 of the ordinary roof 13, and the other end leaves the building 2 outside with the possibility of attaching a drainage section 8 located outside the building to it pipes 3.
As a result of this design, the links 6 of the drainpipe 3 are installed with the possibility of heating by the internal heat of the building, namely, the link 7 of the drainpipe 3 directly adjacent to the intake funnel 5 is partially located inside the building 2 (passes through the cornice and does not hang on the ledge outside the building, as in prototype (1), and located outside the building 2 plot 8
the drainpipe 3 is also not directly affected by the ambient temperature, since it is insulated with a heater 9 along with the end 18 of the link 7 of the drainpipe 3 protruding from the building.
Let us consider in more detail the design of the section 8 of the drainpipe 3 located outside the building 2. As noted earlier, this section 8 consists of the links 6 of the drainpipe 3. In addition, this section contains other commonly used elements: knees, inter-knee links, mark, etc. (not shown in the figures, since they are commonly used, are selected in the course of conventional engineering design and do not constitute the essence of a utility model). The links 6 are hung on the wall with the help of clamps (grips) 19. The bent ends of the clamps (stag) 20 are connected with a wire 21, tightly twisted with pliers. You can also use clamps with bolts and nuts. The pin 22 of the clamp 19 is fixed in the wall 23 of the building 2 not with wooden corks, hammered into the made nests in the wall, but with the help of rods 24 made (monolithic) in the wall of the building from a heat-conducting material, for example, metal. The end parts 25 of the rods 24 are installed with the possibility of heating by the internal heat of the building, and the opposite end parts are located with the possibility of
contact with a section of the drainpipe located outside the building through the clamp 19. In other words, the pin 22 of the clamp 19 has a special design containing rods 24 made (monolithic) in the wall of the building from a heat-conducting material, for example, metal. As a result of this design, it is possible to heat the section 8 of the drainpipe 3 located outside the building with internal heat. The drainpipe 3 is mounted by sequential assembly of links 6 and link 7 in the usual manner, for example, from the bottom up. This is described in detail in source (2) on p. 373-376.
The insulation 9 directly covers the sections of the drainage pipe section 8 located outside the building 2 3; the insulation 9 itself is securely attached to the wall 23 of the building, for example, by means of female clamps 30 and pins 31 fixed in plugs installed in sockets made in the wall with jumpers or an electric drill ( not shown in the figures, since it is well known, for example, from the source (2) p. 373-376).
As for the previously described variant of the claimed utility model, to ensure the effective operation of the device, it is desirable that the insulation 9 be made with the possibility of providing a temperature difference of at least 10 ° C between the temperature outside it and
the temperature of the portion 8 of the drainpipe 3 covered by it located outside the building 2. This can be achieved, in particular, by selecting the insulation material, its thickness, density, etc. and checked by heat engineering calculation. As a heater, various building materials can be used, for example, block or extruded polystyrene foam, foam glass, etc. The insulation may have a different color. For example, it can be selected to match the color of the exterior wall of the building and is included in the facade elements. One of the important features of the insulation is that it is desirable to perform it from a hydrophobic (water-repellent) material.
The cross section of the sections of the drainpipe 3 can be of any shape, including in the form of a circle, square or rectangle.
Such is the design as a whole of a variant of the claimed device, according to which the link directly adjacent to the water intake funnel is partially located inside the building, outside the attic.
The process of erecting this version of the claimed drainage system is obvious and therefore not considered.
In addition to the described two variants of the claimed utility model, the applicant has developed its other numerous options, depending on the construction of the building, roof, and also taking into account other
numerous features of various buildings, structures, as well as requirements for them.
In essence, the technical solution according to the claimed utility model allows one to switch from an external freezing gutter to an internal non-freezing gutter.
Thus, the claimed drainage system eliminates the need for electrical heating. It does not freeze, does not fall off the pendants due to the gravity of the ice and does not deform, i.e. its virtually maintenance-free and trouble-free operation is ensured.
The cost of installation of the proposed device is relatively small.
The practical implementation of the drainage system is not in doubt, as it is based on the use of well-known construction technologies.
It should be noted that, since the gutters 36 are located far from the edge of the roof slope, the technical solution according to the invention patent No. 2273706 can be used effectively with the claimed technical solution, where there is no danger of wedging joints of the roofing sheets with water.
An important advantage of the utility model is that it can be implemented using technological equipment already used in construction and repair.
At the same time, an example of the implementation of the utility model is shown on the currently most advanced roof described in the patent for invention No. 2273706, where, as noted above, there is no danger of wedging joints of the roof sheets with water (see source (1), taken as a prototype) .
As a result, it becomes possible to produce the roof of the building that best meets modern requirements for its quality and longevity.
In addition to the given variants of the utility model, other modifications are possible.
All of them are covered by the utility model given below by the applicant.
Sources of information taken into account:
1. Patent of the Russian Federation for the invention No. 2273706, class. E 04 D 3/00, published in April 2006 (prototype);
2. V. B. Belevich. Roofing. Third Edition, Moscow, Higher School, 2000, p. 345-349;
3. Patent of the Russian Federation No. 2158809, Cl. E 04 D 13/064, published. 2000;
4. V.M.Shub, A.V. Panyushkin. Removing ice from the roof in a magazine: Housing and utilities. No. 1, 1976, p.23-24;
5. Copyright certificate of the USSR No. 750013, cl. E 04 4D 13/02, published July 23, 80;
6. The magazine "Modern Roofs". Overview of technological capabilities and materials. No. 1, 2000, from 145-150;
7. Magazine "Building season", No. 5, 02/15/2001, p.32-33;
8. N.N. Khrenkov. Cable heating systems and their use in construction. Magazine "Building Materials". N 11, 1995, pp. 15-17.

Claims (12)

1. The drainage system of the building, including a drainpipe from a roof-mounted drainage funnel and drainpipe links, characterized in that the drainage funnel and drainpipe links are installed with the possibility of heating by the internal heat of the building, while the drainpipe link directly adjacent to the drainage funnel is partially located inside the building, and the section of the drainpipe located outside the building is insulated.
2. The drainage system of the building according to claim 1, characterized in that the link of the drain pipe directly adjacent to the intake funnel is partially located inside the attic, passing through the cornice.
3. The drainage system of the building according to claim 1, characterized in that the water intake funnel is located in the plane of the roof of the roof, without leaving the line of the outer perimeter of the wall of the building.
4. The drainage system of the building according to claim 1, characterized in that the intake funnel includes a recess of the sheet of the ordinary roof with a through hole, supported on a roof mounted base with a through hole coaxial to it, and a link of the drain pipe directly adjacent to the intake funnel passes through said openings and with one end attached to the recess of the sheet of the ordinary roof, and the other end leaves the building outside with the possibility of attaching to it located outside the building section of the drainpipe.
5. The drainage system of the building according to claim 1, characterized in that there is a gap between the portion of the drainpipe located outside the building and the insulation, divided by the length of the transverse insulation walls into separate cavities.
6. The drainage system of the building according to claim 1, characterized in that the insulation is made with the possibility of providing a temperature difference of at least 10 ° C between the temperature outside it and the temperature of the portion of the drainpipe covered by it located outside the building.
7. The drainage system of the building according to claim 1, characterized in that the portion of the drainpipe located outside the building is insulated with a hydrophobic heater.
8. The drainage system of the building according to claim 1, characterized in that the portion of the drainpipe located outside the building is insulated with a heater, which is a block polystyrene foam.
9. The drainage system of the building according to claim 1, characterized in that the portion of the drainpipe located outside the building is insulated with an insulator, which is extruded polystyrene foam.
10. The drainage system of the building according to claim 1, characterized in that the portion of the drainpipe located outside the building is insulated with a heater, which is foam glass.
11. The drainage system of the building according to claim 1, characterized in that the building contains rods of heat-conducting material, one end part of which is installed with the possibility of heating by the internal heat of the building, and the opposite end parts are located with the possibility of contact with the section of the drain pipe located outside the building.
12. The drainage system of the building according to claim 11, characterized in that metal is used as the heat-conducting material.
Figure 00000001
RU2006116522/22U 2006-05-15 2006-05-15 Waterproof building system RU56916U1 (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2481443C1 (en) * 2011-09-19 2013-05-10 Александр Михайлович Шестопалов Building with pitched roof having device for prevention of formation of icicles, ice crust and snow cornices on roof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2481443C1 (en) * 2011-09-19 2013-05-10 Александр Михайлович Шестопалов Building with pitched roof having device for prevention of formation of icicles, ice crust and snow cornices on roof

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