RU2654401C2 - Appliance for cutting food into slices, sticks, cubes or strings - Google Patents

Appliance for cutting food into slices, sticks, cubes or strings Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2654401C2
RU2654401C2 RU2015127758A RU2015127758A RU2654401C2 RU 2654401 C2 RU2654401 C2 RU 2654401C2 RU 2015127758 A RU2015127758 A RU 2015127758A RU 2015127758 A RU2015127758 A RU 2015127758A RU 2654401 C2 RU2654401 C2 RU 2654401C2
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Russia
Prior art keywords
cutting
cutting tool
tool
movable
main
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RU2015127758A
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Russian (ru)
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RU2015127758A (en
Inventor
Себастьен ВОЛАТЬЕ
Режи СИПРЕС
Паскаль ПЕДРИКО
Венсан ВАЛЛИНО
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Себ С.А.
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Family has litigation
Priority to FR1262573 priority Critical
Priority to FR1262573A priority patent/FR2999901B1/en
Application filed by Себ С.А. filed Critical Себ С.А.
Priority to PCT/FR2013/053181 priority patent/WO2014096711A1/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=47902215&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=RU2654401(C2) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D3/00Cutting work characterised by the nature of the cut made; Apparatus therefor
    • B26D3/18Cutting work characterised by the nature of the cut made; Apparatus therefor to obtain cubes or the like
    • B26D3/20Cutting work characterised by the nature of the cut made; Apparatus therefor to obtain cubes or the like using reciprocating knives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D1/00Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor
    • B26D1/0006Cutting members therefor
    • B26D2001/0053Cutting members therefor having a special cutting edge section or blade section
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/06Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form
    • B26D7/065Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form by the cutter itself because of its form

Abstract

FIELD: cutting.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an appliance for cutting food, which includes frame (1), chute (5) for feeding in food, and cutting tool (10) that is mobile in an alternating movement. According to the invention, the appliance includes stationary complementary cutting tool (11) which faces chute (5); mobile cutting tool (10) is arranged between chute (5) and stationary complementary cutting tool (11) and includes at least: main cutting edge (28) moving alternately in working direction (F1) and in return direction (F2), and a pressing shoe that extends from main cutting edge (28) is located on the side of complementary cutting tool (11) and has a bevel inclined from main cutting edge (28) in the direction opposite to working direction (F1).
EFFECT: improved convenience, ease and safety of using the device.
39 cl, 13 dwg

Description

The present invention relates to hand-held or mechanized type kitchen cutting appliances, also known as “mandolins”, and used for cutting food products, in particular slices or threads, by alternately moving the cutting tool.
US Pat. No. 5,445,332 proposes a linear cutting kitchen apparatus having a frame defining a cutting portion that is stationary relative to this frame. The device also includes a chute for introducing products to be cut, which is inseparably connected with the frame and is located under the cutting section, being stationary relative to this cutting section and elongated in the Δ direction. Finally, the device is equipped with a cutting tool that is movable relative to the frame at the cutting site. This movable cutting tool moves with the help of mechanized control means, making an alternating movement in the cutting plane, essentially normal relative to the direction of the length of the groove. Such a kitchen linear cutting device makes it possible to cut products into slices or their grater with the formation of a thin filamentous straw. However, this device is not able to cut products into cubes or sticks, which is necessary, for example, when cooking “julienne” soup or vegetable maseduana.
Thus, there is a need for a kitchen appliance of the “mandolin” type, with the help of which it would be possible to cut into cubes or sticks during one operation, without the need for additional cutting after using the indicated appliance.
To solve this problem, a device for cutting food products is proposed, containing:
- a frame limiting the cutting area,
- a chute for introducing products to be cut, permanently connected to the frame and located above the cutting area,
- a cutting tool movable relative to the frame at least in the cutting area and made with the possibility of making alternating motion in the cutting plane.
In accordance with the invention, the device is characterized in that:
- it includes an additional cutting tool that is fixedly mounted relative to the frame, is located under the trough, is located on the opposite side of the specified trough relative to the movable cutting tool and contains at least one cutting member located in the cutting area opposite the trough and having at least one cutting edge facing the gutter,
- a movable cutting tool is located between the trough and the stationary additional cutting tool and contains at least:
- the main cutting edge located in the cutting plane and made with the possibility of alternating movement in the working direction and in the opposite direction,
- a pressure pad, which extends from the main cutting edge, is located on the side of the additional cutting tool and has a bevel running obliquely from the main cutting edge in the opposite direction to the working direction.
The combination of a movable cutting tool and a stationary additional cutting tool allows, simply by moving the cutting tool, to cut food into cubes or sticks, which was not possible using known cutting devices. Indeed, the advantage of the proposed device is that the main cutting edge of the cutting tool allows you to cut a piece of the product introduced into the chute, while the pressure pad presses this piece against the stationary additional cutting tool as the cutting tool moves, with the piece divided into sticks or cubes .
In accordance with the invention, the alternating movement of the movable cutting tool can be either linear or partially circular. In one of the preferred embodiments of the invention, the movement of the movable cutting tool is a rectilinear translational movement between:
- the resting position, in which the main cutting edge is in front of the cutting area with respect to the working direction,
- and an extended position in which the main cutting edge is located beyond the cutting area with respect to the working direction.
In accordance with one feature of the invention, the thickness of the pressure pad measured between the cutting plane and the end of the inclined surface opposite the main cutting edge is greater than or equal to 4 mm. This size of the pressure pad allows you to cut vegetables into sticks or cubes with sizes suitable for cooking, for example, julienne soup.
In accordance with another feature of the invention, in the continuation of the bevel, the pressure pad has a protrusion substantially parallel to the cutting plane. This protrusion allows you to reliably press the product to be cut to the stationary additional cutting tool.
In accordance with another feature of the invention, the movable cutting tool has a second main cutting edge substantially parallel to the cutting plane and positioned so as to work in the opposite direction, said second main cutting edge being connected to a second pressure pad. The presence of the second main cutting edge allows cutting on two phases of variable motion, which allows to increase the cutting speed of the proposed device.
In accordance with one embodiment of the invention, the stationary auxiliary cutting tool comprises a first group of cutting bodies substantially parallel to each other and forming an angle with the direction of movement of the movable cutting tool. Such cutting bodies contribute to the retention of the cut product by the main cutting edge. In accordance with one preferred embodiment, which is not, however, strictly required, the cutting bodies of the first group are substantially perpendicular to the direction of movement of the movable cutting tool.
According to one modification of this embodiment, the stationary additional cutting tool has a second group of other cutting bodies substantially parallel to each other, the first group of cutting bodies and the second group of other cutting bodies forming a cutting grid. In accordance with one preferred embodiment, which is not, however, strictly required, the cutting organs of the second group are substantially perpendicular to the cutting organs of the first group. Thus, a cutting grid suitable for the manufacture of cubes is formed.
In accordance with one feature of the invention, the movable cutting tool comprises at least one auxiliary cutting insert that is substantially perpendicular to the main cutting edge and substantially parallel to the direction of the groove. This embodiment of the movable cutting tool allows you to cut into sticks of that piece of product cut off by the main cutting edge.
In accordance with another feature of the invention, the stationary additional cutting tool comprises a product stop that extends across the cutting plane and is substantially opposite the main cutting edge. The presence of such a restrictive stop prevents the piece of the product cut off by the first cutting edge from following the movement of the cutting tool under the force exerted by the pressure pad.
In accordance with one of the modifications of this feature, the emphasis is made with the possibility of movement between the working position, in which the emphasis is opposite the main cutting edge, and the retracted position, in which the emphasis is removed below the cutting plane. In this modification, the emphasis can be removed while passing the pressure pad, so that the main cutting edge of the movable cutting tool can move beyond this emphasis.
Within the framework of this modification, it is possible to ensure that the stop is in the retracted position by elastic return means.
In accordance with one of the features of the invention, a stationary additional cutting tool and a movable cutting tool are connected to each other by means of a sliding connection, providing direction of the movable cutting tool when it makes variable movements.
In accordance with one of the modifications of this feature, the stationary additional cutting tool and the movable cutting tool are inseparably connected to each other and form a node mounted on the frame in a removable manner. Therefore, a movable cutting tool cannot be mounted on a frame without a stationary additional cutting tool.
According to one embodiment of the invention, the food cutting apparatus is provided with manually operated manipulating means by the user. Such handling means may include, for example, a handle integrated with the movable cutting tool.
In accordance with another embodiment of the invention, the food cutting apparatus is provided with mechanized manipulating means comprising a drive member complementary to the connecting member of the movable cutting tool. In this case, mechanized manipulating means can be located, in particular, in the frame or in the lid. Mechanized manipulating means may also comprise a motor unit independent of the frame and cover.
In accordance with one of the modifications of this embodiment, the device comprises means for identifying a stationary additional cutting tool, and mechanized manipulating means are configured to change its operating speed depending on the identification of the additional cutting tool. Thus, the presence of such means of identification allows, for example, to realize a high cutting speed in the absence of a stationary additional cutting tool and a low cutting speed in the presence of a stationary additional cutting tool.
According to another embodiment of the invention, a food cutting apparatus is associated with mechanized manipulating means comprising a motor unit independent of the frame and the lid. As a result, the product cutting device forms a device used with this motor unit.
The invention also relates to a device for cutting food products with interchangeable tools, providing cutting into cubes or sticks during one operation without the need to perform additional cutting at the end of use of the specified device, as well as interchangeable tools for such a device for cutting products.
These tasks are also achieved using the node of the device for cutting food products having at least one of the above characteristics, formed by a movable cutting tool and a stationary additional cutting tool, and:
- a stationary additional cutting tool and a movable cutting tool are connected to each other by means of a sliding connection, providing the direction of the movable cutting tool when it makes variable movements,
- a stationary additional cutting tool is provided with at least one cutting body having at least one cutting edge,
- movable cutting tool contains at least:
- the main cutting edge located in the cutting plane and made with the possibility of alternating movement in the working direction and in the opposite direction,
- one clamping block, which moves away from the main cutting edge, is located on the side of the additional cutting tool and has a bevel going obliquely from the main cutting edge in the opposite direction to the working direction, to press the cut piece to the cutting organ or organs of the additional cutting tool.
It is advisable if the stationary additional cutting tool and the movable cutting tool are inseparably connected with each other. As a result, a movable cutting tool cannot be installed on a device for cutting products without a stationary additional cutting tool.
It is also advisable that the thickness of the pressure pad, measured between the cutting plane and the end of the inclined surface, opposite with respect to the main cutting edge, be greater than or equal to 4 mm This size of the pressure pad allows you to cut vegetables into sticks or cubes with sizes suitable for cooking, for example, julienne soup.
In addition, it is advisable that in the continuation of the bevel, the pressure pad has a protrusion essentially parallel to the cutting plane. This protrusion allows you to reliably press the product to be cut to the stationary additional cutting tool.
It is also advisable that the movable cutting tool had a second main cutting edge, essentially parallel to the cutting plane and located so as to work in the opposite direction, and the specified second main cutting edge is connected with the second clamping block. The presence of the second main cutting edge allows you to perform cutting on two phases of variable motion, which increases the overall cutting speed in the present invention.
It is also advisable that the stationary additional cutting tool contains a first group of cutting bodies essentially parallel to each other and forming an angle with the direction of movement of the movable cutting tool. Such cutting bodies will contribute to the retention of the cut product by the main cutting edge. In accordance with one preferred embodiment, which is not, however, strictly required, the cutting bodies of the first group are substantially perpendicular to the direction of movement of the movable cutting tool.
It is also advisable that the stationary additional cutting tool had a second group of other cutting bodies essentially parallel to each other, while the first group of cutting bodies and the second group of other cutting bodies form a cutting grid. In accordance with one preferred embodiment, which is not, however, strictly required, the cutting organs of the second group are substantially perpendicular to the cutting organs of the first group. This forms a cutting grid suitable for the manufacture of cubes.
It is also advisable that the movable cutting tool contains at least one auxiliary cutting insert, essentially perpendicular to the main cutting edge and essentially parallel to the direction of extension of the groove. This embodiment of the movable cutting tool allows you to cut into sticks a piece of product cut off by the main cutting edge.
It is also advisable that the stationary additional cutting tool contains a restrictive stop for the product, extending across the cutting plane and located essentially opposite the main cutting edge. The presence of such a pressure stop does not allow a piece of product cut off by the first cutting edge to not follow the movements of the cutting tool under the action of the pressure exerted by the pressure block.
In this case, it is advisable to make a stop with the possibility of moving between the working position, in which the stop is opposite the main cutting edge, and the retracted position, in which this stop is removed below the cutting plane. In this modification, the emphasis can be removed while passing the pressure pad, so that the main cutting edge of the movable cutting tool can move beyond this emphasis.
It is advisable to provide the ability to bring the emphasis in the designated position by elastic return means.
It is clear that various variations and modifications of the invention can be combined in various combinations to the extent that they are compatible or not contradict each other.
Additionally, the description that is given below with reference to the drawings illustrating one of the many embodiments of the invention discloses other features of the proposed device for cutting, as well as various embodiments of interchangeable cutting tools applicable in this device.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a cutting apparatus according to the invention.
FIG. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of the device of FIG. one.
FIG. 3 is a perspective view similar to that of FIG. 1, which illustrates a cutting apparatus with a cover removed.
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a cutting tool and an additional cutting tool forming the assembly of the proposed cutting device.
FIG. 5 is a longitudinal sectional view of a cutting tool and an additional cutting tool of FIG. four.
FIG. 6 is a schematic view illustrating the principle of working together with a cutting tool and an additional cutting tool.
FIG. 7, 8 are views similar to those of FIG. 4, 5 and illustrating one of the modifications of the cutting tool and the additional cutting tool.
FIG. 9 is a view similar to that of FIG. 5 and illustrating another embodiment of a cutting tool and an additional cutting tool.
FIG. 10 is a partial perspective view illustrating one embodiment of a cutting tool.
FIG. 11, 12 are perspective views of cutting tools useful in a cutting device according to the invention.
FIG. 13 illustrates one embodiment of a cutting tool insert.
It should be borne in mind that in the drawings, structural and / or functional elements common to different modifications may have the same numerical designations.
The food cutting apparatus according to the invention shown in FIG. 1-3, contains a frame 1 formed in this example by a body 2, which is mounted on the base, and a head part 3, cantilever protruding beyond the body 2 and limiting, on the side of the body 2, the cutting section 4. Thus, the cutting section 4 is in a position higher relative to the base on which the frame 1 rests, which makes it possible to install a container under the cutting section 4 for collecting products cut by means of cutting tools placed in the indicated cutting section 4, as will be explained later. In the example considered here, the body surface 2f facing toward the cutting portion 4 is concave so as to be combined with the rounded shape of the bowl, salad bowl or plate, for proper installation under the cutting portion 4.
The proposed device for cutting also contains a groove 5 for input to be cut products, which is inextricably connected with the frame 1 and is located above the section 4 of the cutting. In the example considered here, the chute 5 is integrated in a removable cover 6, which closes the head part 3 so as to block access through the upper part to the cutting section 4 and to the cutting tools contained therein. The groove 5 has a substantially vertical extent in the Δ direction. The groove 5 is stationary relative to the cutting section 4, and the cutting section 4 itself is stationary relative to the frame 1.
To enable cutting products introduced into the groove 5, the proposed device is equipped with a cutting tool 10 and an additional cutting tool 11, which in this example are removable. In this case, the cutting tool 10 is movable in the cutting section 4, and the additional cutting tool 11 is fixedly fixed relative to the frame 1 and is located on the cutting section 4 under the groove 5 so that the cutting tool 10 moves between the groove 5 and the additional cutting tool 11. In the considered In this case, the cutting tool can make a rectilinear movement in the direction D, essentially perpendicular to the direction Δ of the length of the groove 5.
As shown in more detail in FIG. 4, 5, the additional cutting tool 11 has a body 12 having a substantially parallelepiped shape. In this example, on the body section 12, which should be located on the cutting section 4 opposite the groove 5, there is a first group of cutting bodies parallel to each other 13. Each cutting body 13 extends in a plane that, on the one hand, is substantially parallel to the direction Δ of the length of the groove and, on the other hand, is almost perpendicular to the direction D of movement of the cutting tool 10. Thus, the cutting bodies 13 form an angle with the direction of movement of the movable cutting tool 10. In addition, each cutting organ n 13 has a cutting edge 14 upward in the direction of trough 5.
The cutting tool 10 comprises a body 22 provided with two side grooves 23 for interacting with two longitudinal tongues 24 located on the body 12 of the additional cutting tool 11 so that the cutting tool 10 and the additional cutting tool 11 are connected to each other by means of a sliding connection for guiding the cutting tool 10 when he makes variable movements. In this case, the cutting tool 10 and the additional cutting tool 11 must be permanently connected to each other and form the corresponding node, removably mounted on the frame 1.
A plate 25 is placed on the body 22, located in front of the solid part 26 of the body 22 and behind the cutting window 27 bounded by the body 22. The plate 25 contains a main cutting edge 28 located in the cutting plane C. In this case, the cutting plane C is substantially normal to Δ along the length of the groove 5.
The cutting tool 10 is also provided with a clamping block 29, which extends from the main cutting edge 28 and is located on the side of the additional cutting tool 11. The clamping block 29 has a bevel 30, which is inclined from the main cutting edge 28 to the inside of the cutting tool 10 and in the direction opposite to the working direction shown by arrow F1. In this example, the bevel 30 continues with a protrusion 31, which is essentially parallel to the cutting plane C. In this example, the pressure pad 29 is made with a thickness h sufficient to occupy
Figure 00000001
a portion of the space between the additional cutting tool 11 and the lower end of the chute 5. The thickness h measured between the cutting plane and the end of the bevel 30 opposite the main cutting edge 28 is preferably greater than or equal to 4 mm.
The food cutting device comprises means 36 for manipulating the movable cutting tool 10. The manipulating means 36 are designed to provide alternating rectilinear translational movement of the cutting tool 10 in the working direction shown by arrow F1 and in the opposite direction shown by arrow F2.
The body 22 of the cutting tool 10 contains, in its rear part, an organ 35 for connecting with the manipulating means 36. In this case, the cutting tool 10 is moved between:
- resting position R indicated in FIG. 2 by a solid line in which the main cutting edge 28 is in front of the cutting portion 4 with respect to the working direction shown by arrow F1,
- and the extended position E indicated in FIG. 2 by a dash-dot line in which the main cutting edge 28 is located beyond the cutting portion 4 with respect to the working direction shown by arrow F1.
Thus, the mobility of the cutting tool 10 relative to the frame 1 at least in the cutting section 4 is ensured, with a variable movement being made in the cutting plane C.
In this example, the manipulating means 36 are integrated into the frame 1. The manipulating means 36 are mechanically driven and include a driving member 37 complementary to the connecting member 35 of the cutting tool 10. Thus, in this case, the driving member 37 of the manipulating means 36 is formed by a finger, designed to enter the complementary hole of the connecting member 35 of the cutting tool 10. In addition, the manipulating means 36 include an electric motor 38, the output shaft 43 of which about actuates the transfer system 40, designed so as to provide an alternating rectilinear movement of drive element 37.
Turning on and off the electric motor 38 is carried out with the help of a button 60 located under the removable cover 6. Button 60 is designed to actuate the rod 61 to control the switch located under the cover 6 when it is installed in place. The rod 61 is located in the hole 62 of the head part 3, flush with the upper surface of the head part 3. The dimensions of the hole 62 are small enough to prevent the finger 61 from manipulating the rod 61. In the case where the hole 62 is a cylindrical body of revolution, its diameter is preferably less than 1 cm. The diameter of the hole 62 may be, for example, 6.5 mm. Therefore, if the rod 61 is flush mounted and taking into account the dimensions of the hole 62, this rod 61 cannot be actuated to control the operation of the electric motor 38 without first properly installing the cover 6 on the head part 3. Thereby, the risk of injury when driving is reduced cutting tool 10 when the cover 6 is not in place.
The functioning of the above-described proposed device for cutting food products is as follows.
First, the assembly formed by the cutting tool 10 and the additional cutting tool 11 is placed in the head part 3 of the frame 1, as shown in FIG. 3. Then, a cover 6 is mounted on the head part 3 so as to prevent access through the upper part of the device to the cutting tool 10, the additional cutting tool 11, and also to the cutting section 4. If the cover 6 is installed properly, then pressing the button 60 starts the motor 38 and, consequently, drives the cutting tool 10. In accordance with one preferred embodiment of the invention, which, however, is not strictly necessary, in order to increase the reliability of the device, the button 60 should be kept pressed to ensure the continuous operation of the motor 38, while any release of this button 60 will stop the motor 38.
The products to be cut are introduced into the groove 5 and advanced using the pusher 70. As an example, in FIG. 6 schematically illustrates the joint operation of the cutting tool 10 and the additional cutting tool 11 in the process of cutting potatoes.
When the lower end of the potato enters the cutting section 4, it abuts against the cutting organs 13 of the additional cutting tool 11. During movement in the working direction shown by arrow F1, the main cutting edge of the cutting tool 10 cuts off that part of the potato that is on the cutting section 4 between an additional cutting tool 11 and a cutting plane C. As the cutting tool 10 advances, the cut piece is pressed by a bevel 30 to the cutting organs 13 of the additional cutting tool 11, as a result of which the cut piece is again cut in a direction parallel to the length direction Δ and, thus, is divided into sticks located between the cutting bodies 13. Then chopped sticks thus pushed out the next pass of the cutting tool 10.
It should be noted that the protrusion 31 of the pressure pad 29 helps to ensure the perfect entry of the sticks between the cutting bodies 13.
Moreover, in order to prevent the cut piece from moving the cutting tool 10, the additional cutting tool 11 is preferably provided with a stop 71 extending across the cutting plane C and substantially opposite the main cutting edge 28. In the example considered here, the stop 71 can move between the operating position T shown in FIG. 5 by a solid line and a retracted position A shown in FIG. 5 by a dash-dotted line in which the abutment 71 is retracted below the cutting plane C. In this case, the abutment 71 is brought into working position T by elastic return means 72 of the type, for example, by a coil spring. Thus, the emphasis 71 can automatically move to the retracted position A under the action of the pressure exerted by the bevel 30 of the pressure pad 29.
From the foregoing, it follows that the device according to the invention, equipped with a movable cutting tool 10 and a stationary additional cutting tool 11, allows for cutting the product into sticks in one pass.
According to an exemplary embodiment of the additional cutting tool 11 described with reference to FIG. 4-5, this additional cutting tool 11 contains only one group of cutting bodies 13. However, according to the invention, the additional cutting tool 11 may also contain a second group of other cutting bodies 73, as shown in FIG. 7-8. These other cutting bodies 73 forming said second group are parallel to each other and to the direction D of movement of the cutting tool 10. In addition, each other cutting body 73 is located in a plane substantially parallel to the direction Δ of the length of the groove 5. Moreover, the first group of cutting bodies 13 and the second group of other cutting bodies 73 form a cutting grid 17 for cutting products into cubes or small sticks.
In FIG. 9 illustrates another embodiment of a cutting tool 10 and an additional cutting tool 11.
According to this embodiment, the cutting tool 10 comprises a second main cutting edge 75 substantially parallel to the cutting plane C and positioned so that it works in the opposite direction shown by arrow F2. The second main cutting edge 75 is also connected to the second clamping block 76, which contains another bevel 77 having a slope in the direction opposite to the inclination of the bevel 30 of the clamping block 29 connected with the first main cutting edge 28.
According to the same embodiment, the additional cutting tool 11 comprises a second stop 78, which, like the stop 71, can be moved from the operating position T to the retracted position A. This second stop 78 can be made the same as the stop 71.
In FIG. 10 shows another embodiment of a cutting tool 10, in accordance with which this tool is provided with at least one, and in the example considered here, four auxiliary cutting inserts 80, which are perpendicular to the main cutting edge 28 and essentially parallel to the direction Δ of the length of the groove 5. This design of the cutting tool allows it to cut into sticks.
Of course, within the scope of the attached claims, various other modifications can be made to the design of the device as well as the cutting tool 10 and the additional cutting tool 11.
In addition, the proposed device is not necessary to use with a movable cutting tool 10 and a stationary additional cutting tool 11. Indeed, the device for cutting products according to the invention can be used with only one movable cutting tool. So, in particular, in FIG. 11 shows a movable cutting tool 10 ′, which even one can be used to make thin slices, and in FIG. 12 is a 10 '' movable cutting tool that can be used to rub products. It should be noted that when only one movable cutting tool 10 'is used; 10 '', the frequency of its variable movements can be higher than in the case of using a movable cutting tool 10 in combination with a stationary additional cutting tool 11. To coordinate the speed of the electric motor 38 with the tool used, the device can be equipped with means 90 for identifying an additional cutting tool 11, for which you can choose any suitable design. Such identification means 90 may include, for example, a magnet 91 integrated into the stationary auxiliary cutting tool, and a magnetic sensor 92 integrated into the head part 3. As a magnetic sensor 92, for example, a magnetic reed switch (English name "reed" switch "), connected to the power supply circuit of the electric motor 38. When there is an additional cutting tool 11, the magnetic sensor 92 is closed, so that the electric motor 38 receives power from the circuit 93 with the resulting" low "soon sti rotation. If the additional cutting tool 11 is not installed, then the magnetic sensor 92 is open, as a result of which the electric motor 38 receives power from the circuit 94, which provides a "high" speed of rotation, which is greater than "low". Thus, the mechanized manipulating means 36 are made so that their operating speed can be changed depending on the identification of the additional cutting tool 11.
As an alternative or addition, it can be envisaged that the means 90 for identifying the stationary auxiliary cutting tool 11 can be used to prevent the mechanized manipulating means 36 from working in the absence of an additional cutting tool 11. In this case, the stationary additional cutting tool 11 is not necessarily permanently connected to the movable cutting tool 10.
Alternatively or additionally, it can be provided that the frame 1 and / or the movable cutting tool 10 are designed to prevent the connecting member 35 of the movable cutting tool 10 from connecting to the drive member 37 of the mechanized manipulating means 36 in the absence of a stationary additional cutting tool 11.
Alternatively, it can be provided that the movable cutting tool 10 and the additional cutting tool 11 are not necessarily removable from the frame 1.
Furthermore, although in accordance with the embodiment described with reference to FIG. 1, 2, the electric motor 38 is integrated into the body 2, constantly fitted to the cutting head 3, within the framework of the invention, it is also possible to integrate this electric motor 38 into the cover 6 or integrate the electric motor 38 into a casing removably mounted on a device for cutting products, in particular on a frame 1 or on the cover 6.
Alternatively, the manipulating means 36 may not be used with a mechanical drive. Thus, the manipulating means may include, for example, a handle integrated in the movable cutting tool. You can also provide a connection between the device for cutting products with mechanized manipulating means containing a motor unit independent of the frame and cover, while the device for cutting products will be a device used in conjunction with this motor unit.
The main cutting edge 28 of the insert 25 extends preferably in a plane such as a cutting plane C, which allows, in particular, cutting into cubes or sticks, depending on which additional cutting tool 11 is used. If necessary, the main cutting edge 28 can be sharpened.
However, the main cutting edge 28 is not necessarily straightforward. The main cutting edge 28 may have a leading edge, in particular grooved and / or with micro notches, to facilitate the cutting of food products without using a sharp main cutting edge 28. In accordance with the embodiment of FIG. 13, the main cutting edge 28 of the insert 25 has undulations 28 ′ and micro notches 28 ″. 28 'undulations allow you to set your preferred 28' '' attack zones, which facilitate the initial stage of cutting products. The length of each undulation 28 'can be, for example, from 4 mm to 2 cm. As for the microtubes 28' ', they define additional attack zones. In accordance with one preferred embodiment, the main cutting edge 28 may have from 5 to 20, for example 10, micro notches 28 ″ per centimeter. These techniques make it possible to achieve good cutting performance when using the cutting tool 10, while reducing the risk of injury to the user when handling the cutting tool 10 and / or with an additional cutting tool 11.
Alternatively, only one movable cutting tool 10 ′ may be used to produce the small pieces of FIG. 11, which can be provided with a insert 25 containing a main cutting edge with undulations 28 ′ and / or micro-notches 28 ″.
The present invention is not limited to the embodiment described above and its various variations, encompassing a wide variety of modifications within the scope of the presented claims.

Claims (68)

1. A food cutting apparatus comprising:
- a frame (1) bounding the cutting section (4),
- a chute (5) for introducing the products to be cut, permanently connected to the frame (1) and located above the cutting section (4),
- a cutting tool (10) movable relative to the frame (1) at least in the cutting section (4) and configured to make alternating movement in the cutting plane (C),
characterized in that:
- it contains an additional cutting tool (11) mounted under the chute (5) motionless relative to the frame (1), placed on the opposite side of the specified chute (5) relative to the movable cutting tool (10) and containing at least one cutting body (13) located on the cutting section (4) opposite the trough (5) and having at least one cutting edge (14) facing the trough (5),
- a movable cutting tool (10) is located between the groove (5) and the stationary additional cutting tool (11) and contains at least:
- the main cutting edge (28) located in the cutting plane (C) and configured to alternately move in the working direction (F1) and in the opposite direction (F2),
- a pressure pad (29) extending from the main cutting edge (28), located on the side of the additional cutting tool (11) and having a bevel (30), going obliquely from the main cutting edge (28) in the opposite direction to the working direction (F1 ), wherein
- a stationary additional cutting tool (11) and a movable cutting tool (10) are connected to each other by means of a sliding connection that ensures the direction of the movable cutting tool (10) when it makes variable movements.
2. The device according to p. 1, characterized in that the movement of the movable cutting tool (10) is a rectilinear translational movement between:
- resting position (R), in which the main cutting edge (28) is in front of the cutting section (4) with respect to the working direction (F1),
- and extended position (E), in which the main cutting edge (28) is located beyond the cutting section (4) with respect to the working direction (F1).
3. The device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the thickness (h) of the pressure pad (29), measured between the cutting plane (C) and the end of the inclined surface opposite the main cutting edge (28), is greater than or equal to 4 mm.
4. The device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that in the continuation of the bevel (30), the pressure pad (29) has a protrusion (31) parallel to the cutting plane (C).
5. The device according to p. 1 or 2, characterized in that the movable cutting tool (10) has a second main cutting edge (75), which is parallel to the cutting plane (C) and is arranged to operate in the opposite direction, said second main the cutting edge (75) is connected with the second clamping block (76).
6. The device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the stationary additional cutting tool (11) contains a first group of cutting bodies (13) that are parallel to each other and form an angle with the direction of movement of the movable cutting tool (10).
7. The device according to p. 6, characterized in that the stationary additional cutting tool (11) contains a second group of other cutting organs (73) that are parallel to each other, the first group of cutting organs (13) and the second group of other cutting organs (73 ) form a cutting grid (17).
8. The device according to any one of paragraphs. 1, 2, 7, characterized in that the movable cutting tool (10) contains at least one auxiliary cutting insert (80), which is perpendicular to the main cutting edge (28) and parallel to the direction of extension of the groove (5).
9. The device according to any one of paragraphs. 1, 2, 7, characterized in that the stationary additional cutting tool (11) contains a limit stop (71) for the product, extending across the cutting plane (C) and opposite the main cutting edge (28).
10. The device according to claim 9, characterized in that the limit stop (71) for the product is arranged to move from the operating position (T), in which the limit stop (71) for the product is opposite the main cutting edge (28), in the allotted position (A), in which the limit stop (71) for the product is removed below the cutting plane (C).
11. The device according to p. 10, characterized in that it is equipped with elastic return means (72), providing the ability to bring the limit stop (71) for the product in the designated position.
12. The device according to any one of paragraphs. 1, 2, 7, 10, 11, characterized in that the stationary additional cutting tool (11) and the movable cutting tool (10) are inseparably connected to each other and form a cutting unit mounted on the frame (1) in a removable manner.
13. The device according to any one of paragraphs. 1, 2, 7, 10, 11, characterized in that it is equipped with mechanized manipulating means (36) containing a drive member (37), complementary to the connecting body (35) of the movable cutting tool (10).
14. The device according to p. 13, characterized in that it is equipped with means (90) for identifying the additional cutting tool (11), while the mechanized manipulating means (36) are made with the ability to change their operating speed depending on the identification of the additional cutting tool (11) )
15. The cutting unit of the device for cutting food products according to any one of paragraphs. 1-14, formed by a movable cutting tool (10) and a stationary additional cutting tool (11), and:
- a stationary additional cutting tool (11) and a movable cutting tool (10) are connected to each other by means of a sliding connection, providing the direction of the movable cutting tool (10) when it makes variable movements,
- stationary additional cutting tool (11) contains at least one cutting body (13) having at least one cutting edge (14),
- movable cutting tool (10) contains at least:
- the main cutting edge (28) located in the cutting plane (C) and configured to alternately move in the working direction (F1) and in the opposite direction (F2),
- a pressure pad (29) extending from the main cutting edge (28), located on the side of the additional cutting tool (11) and having a bevel (30), going obliquely from the main cutting edge (28) in the opposite direction to the working direction (F1 )
16. The cutting unit according to claim 15, characterized in that the stationary additional cutting tool (11) and the movable cutting tool (10) are inseparably connected to each other.
17. The cutting unit according to claim 15 or 16, characterized in that the thickness (h) of the pressure pad (29), measured between the cutting plane (C) and the end of the inclined surface opposite the main cutting edge (28), is greater than or equal to 4 mm .
18. The cutting unit according to claim 15 or 16, characterized in that in the continuation of the bevel (30), the pressure pad (29) has a protrusion (31) parallel to the cutting plane (C).
19. The cutting unit according to claim 15 or 16, characterized in that the movable cutting tool (10) has a second main cutting edge (75) parallel to the cutting plane (C) and arranged to provide reverse operation, said second main the cutting edge (75) is connected with the second clamping block (76).
20. The cutting unit according to claim 15 or 16, characterized in that the stationary additional cutting tool (11) contains a first group of cutting bodies (13) that are parallel to each other and form an angle with the direction of movement of the movable cutting tool (10).
21. The cutting unit according to claim 20, characterized in that the stationary additional cutting tool (11) contains a second group of other cutting bodies (73) that are parallel to each other, the first group of cutting bodies (13) and the second group of other cutting bodies ( 73) form a cutting grid (17).
22. The cutting unit according to any one of paragraphs. 15, 16, 21, characterized in that the movable cutting tool (10) contains at least one auxiliary cutting insert (80), which is perpendicular to the main cutting edge (28) and parallel to the direction of extension of the groove (5).
23. The cutting unit according to any one of paragraphs. 15, 16, 21, characterized in that the stationary additional cutting tool (11) contains a limit stop (71) for the product extending across the cutting plane (C) and located opposite the main cutting edge (28).
24. The cutting unit according to claim 23, characterized in that the limit stop (71) for the product is arranged to move from the operating position (T), in which the limit stop (71) for the product is opposite the main cutting edge (28), a retracted position (A) in which the limit stop (71) for the product is removed below the cutting plane (C).
25. The cutting unit according to p. 24, characterized in that it is equipped with elastic return means (72), ensuring bringing the limit stop (71) for the product in the designated position.
26. A food cutting apparatus comprising:
- a frame (1) bounding the cutting section (4),
- a chute (5) for introducing the products to be cut, permanently connected to the frame (1) and located above the cutting section (4),
- a cutting tool (10) movable relative to the frame (1) at least in the cutting section (4) and configured to make alternating movement in the cutting plane (C),
characterized in that:
- it contains an additional cutting tool (11) mounted under the chute (5) motionless relative to the frame (1), placed on the opposite side of the specified chute (5) relative to the movable cutting tool (10) and containing at least one cutting body (13) located on the cutting section (4) opposite the trough (5) and having at least one cutting edge (14) facing the trough (5),
- a movable cutting tool (10) is located between the groove (5) and the stationary additional cutting tool (11) and contains at least:
- the main cutting edge (28) located in the cutting plane (C) and configured to alternately move in the working direction (F1) and in the opposite direction (F2),
- a pressure pad (29) extending from the main cutting edge (28), located on the side of the additional cutting tool (11) and having a bevel (30), going obliquely from the main cutting edge (28) in the opposite direction to the working direction (F1 ),
- stationary additional cutting tool (11) contains a limit stop (71) for the product, extending across the cutting plane (C) and opposite the main cutting edge (28),
- the limit stop (71) for the product is movable from the working position (T), in which the limit stop (71) for the product is opposite the main cutting edge (28), in the retracted position (A), in which the limit stop (71 ) for the product removed below the cutting plane (C);
- the limit stop (71) for the product contains a shelf extending under the cutting plane (C).
27. The device according to p. 26, characterized in that it is equipped with elastic return means (72), providing the ability to bring the limit stop (71) for the product in the designated position.
28. The device according to p. 27, characterized in that the elastic return means (72) are located under the shelf.
29. The device according to any one of paragraphs. 26-28, characterized in that the movement of the movable cutting tool (10) is a rectilinear translational movement between:
- resting position (R), in which the main cutting edge (28) is in front of the cutting section (4) with respect to the working direction (F1),
- and extended position (E), in which the main cutting edge (28) is located beyond the cutting section (4) with respect to the working direction (F1).
30. The device according to any one of paragraphs. 26-28, characterized in that the thickness (h) of the pressure pad (29) measured between the cutting plane (C) and the end of the inclined surface opposite the main cutting edge (28) is greater than or equal to 4 mm.
31. The device according to any one of paragraphs. 26-28, characterized in that in the continuation of the bevel (30), the pressure pad (29) has a protrusion (31) parallel to the cutting plane (C).
32. The device according to any one of paragraphs. 26-28, characterized in that the movable cutting tool (10) has a second main cutting edge (75), which is parallel to the cutting plane (C) and is located so as to work in the opposite direction, and the specified second main cutting edge (75) is connected with a second pressure pad (76).
33. The device according to any one of paragraphs. 26-28, characterized in that the stationary additional cutting tool (11) contains the first group of cutting bodies (13), which are parallel to each other and form an angle with the direction of movement of the movable cutting tool (10).
34. The device according to p. 33, characterized in that the stationary additional cutting tool (11) contains a second group of other cutting organs (73) that are parallel to each other, the first group of cutting organs (13) and the second group of other cutting organs (73 ) form a cutting grid (17).
35. The device according to any one of paragraphs. 26-28, characterized in that the movable cutting tool (10) contains at least one auxiliary cutting insert (80), which is perpendicular to the main cutting edge (28) and parallel to the direction of extension of the groove (5).
36. The device according to any one of paragraphs. 26-28, characterized in that the stationary additional cutting tool (11) and the movable cutting tool (10) are connected to each other by means of a sliding connection, providing direction of the movable cutting tool (10) when it makes variable movements.
37. The device according to p. 36, characterized in that the stationary additional cutting tool (11) and the movable cutting tool (10) are inseparably connected to each other and form a cutting unit mounted on the frame (1) in a removable manner.
38. The device according to any one of paragraphs. 26-28, 37, characterized in that it is equipped with mechanized manipulating means (36) containing a drive member (37), complementary to the connecting body (35) of the movable cutting tool (10).
39. The device according to p. 38, characterized in that it is equipped with means (90) for identifying the additional cutting tool (11), while the mechanized manipulating means (36) are configured to change their operating speed depending on the identification of the additional cutting tool (11) )
RU2015127758A 2012-12-21 2013-12-19 Appliance for cutting food into slices, sticks, cubes or strings RU2654401C2 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR1262573 2012-12-21
FR1262573A FR2999901B1 (en) 2012-12-21 2012-12-21 APPARATUS FOR CUTTING FOODS INTO SLICES, STICKS, CUBES OR FILAMENTS
PCT/FR2013/053181 WO2014096711A1 (en) 2012-12-21 2013-12-19 Appliance for cutting food into slices, sticks, cubes or strings

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RU2654401C2 true RU2654401C2 (en) 2018-05-17

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CN (2) CN203831455U (en)
FR (1) FR2999901B1 (en)
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CN108858317A (en) 2018-08-10 2018-11-23 宁波金舜家居用品有限公司 Food cutting device
CN109910097B (en) * 2018-12-05 2020-11-06 宋少琦 Vegetable cutting equipment

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DE20319841U1 (en) * 2003-12-22 2004-03-25 Schmidt, Uwe Device for keeping cheese in position during slicing process, moved by forces of gravity and lifted by motion of blade

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SU1024047A1 (en) * 1981-03-04 1983-06-23 Каспийское Производственно-Техническое Объединение "Касптехрыбпром" Apparatus for cutting food products
US5445332A (en) * 1993-09-02 1995-08-29 Kabushiki Kaisha Izumi Seiki Seisakusho Food processor
DE10060276A1 (en) * 2000-12-05 2002-06-13 Alexanderwerk Ag Food slicer e.g. for cheese includes support element for cutter bar forming steep plane inclined to cutter gate at back of cutter avoiding need for hydraulic drive
DE20319841U1 (en) * 2003-12-22 2004-03-25 Schmidt, Uwe Device for keeping cheese in position during slicing process, moved by forces of gravity and lifted by motion of blade

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CN203831455U (en) 2014-09-17
FR2999901A1 (en) 2014-06-27
EP3034252A1 (en) 2016-06-22
CN103878802B (en) 2017-08-11
FR2999901B1 (en) 2014-12-26
RU2015127758A (en) 2017-01-27
EP3034252B1 (en) 2017-10-18
EP2746003B1 (en) 2016-03-30
WO2014096711A1 (en) 2014-06-26
EP2746003A1 (en) 2014-06-25
CN103878802A (en) 2014-06-25

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