RU2612754C1 - Mobile system for unmanned aerial monitoring - Google Patents

Mobile system for unmanned aerial monitoring Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2612754C1
RU2612754C1 RU2015154287A RU2015154287A RU2612754C1 RU 2612754 C1 RU2612754 C1 RU 2612754C1 RU 2015154287 A RU2015154287 A RU 2015154287A RU 2015154287 A RU2015154287 A RU 2015154287A RU 2612754 C1 RU2612754 C1 RU 2612754C1
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Russia
Prior art keywords
unmanned aerial
aircraft
ground control
mobile
aerial vehicles
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RU2015154287A
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Russian (ru)
Inventor
Владимир Борисович Мошков
Виктория Валерьевна Федченко
Юрий Евгеньевич Мишин
Вячеслав Андреевич Егоров
Владимир Анатольевич Агамалян
Владислав Викторович Венедиктов
Original Assignee
Российская Федерация, от имени которой выступает Министерство Российской Федерации по делам гражданской обороны, чрезвычайным ситуациям и ликвидации последствий стихийных бедствий
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Priority to RU2015154287A priority Critical patent/RU2612754C1/en
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Publication of RU2612754C1 publication Critical patent/RU2612754C1/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62CFIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62C3/00Fire prevention, containment or extinguishing specially adapted for particular objects or places
    • A62C3/02Fire prevention, containment or extinguishing specially adapted for particular objects or places for area conflagrations, e.g. forest fires, subterranean fires
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64CAEROPLANES; HELICOPTERS
    • B64C39/00Aircraft not otherwise provided for
    • B64C39/02Aircraft not otherwise provided for characterised by special use
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01WMETEOROLOGY
    • G01W1/00Meteorology
    • G01W1/02Instruments for indicating weather conditions by measuring two or more variables, e.g. humidity, pressure, temperature, cloud cover, wind speed
    • G01W1/04Instruments for indicating weather conditions by measuring two or more variables, e.g. humidity, pressure, temperature, cloud cover, wind speed giving only separate indications of the variables measured

Abstract

FIELD: physics, navigation.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aerial monitoring using unmanned aerial vehicles and can be used to detect natural and manmade emergency situations and elimination of consequences thereof. The mobile system is an all-terrain vehicle (1), equipped with special-purpose rescue equipment: a short (2) and medium (3) range airplane-type unmanned aerial vehicle, a helicopter-type small unmanned aerial vehicle (4), equipped with a set of detachable target load modules (5), a ground control station (6), a video terminal (7), radio communication means (8), a portable self-contained weather station (9), a set of life support means (10), elastic and mechanical launch devices (11) for airplane-type unmanned aerial vehicles, as well as storage batteries for unmanned aerial vehicles and other onboard and ground equipment for providing a radio telemetric communication system. Coordinates of areas of emergency situations are determined by a satellite navigation system (12). General management is carried out from a rescue operations (13) management headquarters.
EFFECT: invention prolongs and increases the range of monitoring an area of an emergency situation, and wider field of use of the system.
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Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The invention relates to the field of air monitoring with the use of unmanned aerial vehicles and can be used to detect an emergency (emergency) of a natural and man-made nature and to eliminate its consequences, namely for remote aerial reconnaissance operations of natural disaster areas, fire conditions in forests and determination of the boundaries of fires, blockages, ice conditions on seas and rivers, flood areas, search for injured, injured air crews and ships, monitoring of transportation lines, oil and gas pipelines, heating mains, power lines in emergency situations, assessment of radiation and chemical conditions, organization of stable communication in hard-to-reach areas of natural disasters in day and night conditions.

State of the art

Early detection of emergency situations and real-time monitoring of the situation are considered a necessary condition for the timely adoption of adequate measures to eliminate its consequences.

Recently, the relevance of promptly obtaining a reliable assessment of the condition of an object exposed to emergency situations through the use of mobile systems based on unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), as the safest and most reliable source of information, capable of quickly transmitting information to monitoring authorities of potentially dangerous territories, has been growing. and zones of industrial facilities for the adoption of prompt and adequate measures in the event of a threat of C, to carry out tasks associated with the risk to the life of crews and the possible loss of expensive manned aircraft.

To date, a number of technical solutions have been proposed designed to perform the tasks of air monitoring and diagnostics of various objects, assessing the state of the environment (application for invention No. 2010153533, 2013120691, 2007139704, 2013117869, 2012141404, 2004103678, 2008147602 and others).

There is a known method and a set of means for detecting an emergency and liquidating its consequences according to the patent of the Russian Federation No. 2350368 dated 04/27/2008, including means for observing the area of an emergency, including in the optical and / or infrared range, as well as means for determining coordinates and means of transmission by radio channel for communication of observation data and coordinates, remote piloting means by an unmanned aerial vehicle, radio communication means for controlling on-board monitoring means of an unmanned aerial vehicle device and receiving data on emergency situations and coordinates, altitude and speed of its flight, as well as mobile means of emergency response.

This system requires significant costs both in its deployment and in operation. In addition, the proposed technical solution did not implement the equipment of an unmanned aerial vehicle with equipment for radiation and chemical reconnaissance and control, the use of which is important in the case of emergencies of a radiation nature, including those caused by threats of unauthorized use of radiation sources.

The closest in essence to the proposed technical solution, in terms of the number and content of functional similar features, is an automated unmanned complex for environmental monitoring (Application for an invention, Russia, No. 20133110917, IPC G01W 1/04, 09/20/2014).

The specified complex consists of a small-sized unmanned aerial vehicle of a helicopter type, including a power plant, an automatic control system with an on-board systems control unit, an automatic remote control system for the aircraft’s flight and operation of its systems, and equipped with payload equipment transmitting real-time streaming information, mobile ground control station for the aircraft, summer radio telemetry system the apparatus and its mobile ground control point, consisting of airborne and ground equipment.

As a payload, a digital camera, a digital video camera, a thermal imaging camera, a radiometer dosimeter measuring gamma radiation with a gamma radiation dose rate measuring range of 0.03-300.0 μSv / h with a maximum limit of the main relative error of ± 20% are used, a methane detector with a maximum relative error of ± 10% in the range of 100-10000 ppm-m, a gas analyzer that provides simultaneous quantitative determination of the concentration of the main polluting gases in atmospheric air, as well as a dust meter, provide s definition dust concentration RM 1, 2,5, 10 with a maximum error of ± 5%.

The proposed technical solution uses a wide range of target load for environmental monitoring purposes, including the implementation of the identification and assessment of radiation and chemical parameters. However, the prototype includes a small-sized unmanned aerial vehicle of a helicopter type, having a small radius and duration of use in direct visibility in comparison with the claimed sample. In addition, the protection of communication channels and control from interference, the possibility of using the complex in difficult weather conditions, have not been implemented.

The disadvantages of the known unmanned complex narrow the scope of its application.

Disclosure of invention

The technical problem solved by the invention is to increase the duration and range of monitoring the situation in the emergency zone, as well as expanding the scope of the complex.

The problem is solved due to the fact that the mobile complex of unmanned aerial monitoring, containing, in accordance with the closest analogue, a small-sized unmanned aerial vehicle of a helicopter type, equipped with payload equipment that transmits real-time streaming information, a digital camera, a digital video camera, a thermal imaging camera , radiometer-dosimeter, gas analyzer, mobile ground control station for the aircraft, radio-telemetric bidirectional communication system of the flying vehicle and its mobile ground control station, consisting of airborne and ground equipment, is supplemented by two unmanned aerial vehicles of small and medium range, elastic and mechanical launching devices for unmanned aerial vehicles of the aircraft type, batteries for unmanned aerial vehicles, portable autonomous weather station, a set of life support equipment, as well as radio communications and a portable video terminal for receiving The transmission of video and telemetry data from the emergency area from an unmanned aerial vehicle to the vehicle crew includes, as a payload, a gyrostabilized optical-electronic system equipped with video and thermal imaging cameras, a module for alerting the public and a radio signal relay module, and as mobile ground control station for an aircraft - a ground control station, which is an automated workstation of a portable autonomous and complements, arranged on the chassis of a sports utility vehicle.

The novelty of the invention lies in the creation of a modern mobile unmanned aerial monitoring system, which is able to provide an assessment of the situation in the emergency zone of increased duration and range by the simultaneous use of three unmanned aerial vehicles of different types and range with improved flight and strength characteristics, while expanding the capabilities of the complex during rescue operations in emergency situations of natural and man-made Ktera.

The claimed solution is characterized by high noise immunity of communication and control radio channels with pseudo-random tuning of the operating frequency, which reduces the risk of damage or loss of UAVs, especially in adverse weather conditions and limited visibility conditions.

The implementation of various tasks to prevent and eliminate emergencies through the use of the complex is also achieved by using a single multifunctional set of interchangeable target loads.

The use of a gyrostabilized optoelectronic system as a payload, which has a small weight and dimensions, allows not only to increase the quality of the video and thermal image transmitted from the UAV, but also to ensure reliable retention of a given angle, regardless of the position of the equipment in space, which is achieved using a two-axis gyroscope system, matched with two brushless motors, and a movable mechanical system.

The tasks of alerting the population affected by emergencies are effectively accomplished using modules for alerting the public and relaying radio signals.

To monitor the radiation and chemical situation in emergency situations, the module of the target load also includes a module (gas analyzer) for quantitative determination of the concentration of the main polluting gases in atmospheric air and a module (radiometer-dosimeter) measuring gamma radiation with a gamma radiation dose rate measuring range of 0.001 μSv / h, based on silicon sensors.

The present invention is implemented on the basis of a modular construction principle, is located on the transport base of a terrain vehicle, which ensures its autonomy and reduces the time required for its deployment.

Brief Description of the Drawings

The invention is further illustrated by the drawings.

In FIG. 1 shows a side view of a mobile complex of unmanned aerial monitoring designed to prevent and eliminate the consequences of emergencies, and in FIG. 2 - rear view of the complex.

In FIG. Figure 3 shows the use of a mobile complex of unmanned aerial monitoring during emergency rescue operations and the interaction of the main elements of the complex.

The implementation of the invention

The mobile unmanned aerial monitoring system, designed to prevent and mitigate the consequences of emergencies, in a static state is an off-road vehicle 1, equipped with specialized emergency and rescue equipment: unmanned aerial vehicles of small type 2 and medium 3 radius, small-sized unmanned aerial vehicle type 4, equipped with a set of interchangeable modules of the target load 5, ground control station 6, video terminal 7, radio communications 8, portable stand-alone weather station 9, life support equipment 10, flexible and mechanical launching devices 11 for unmanned aerial vehicles, as well as batteries for unmanned aerial vehicles and other airborne and ground equipment for providing radio telemetry communication systems.

During the rescue operation, the observation of the emergency areas through the claimed complex is carried out using three unmanned aerial vehicles of various types, which are controlled from a mobile control station 6 installed on a cross-country vehicle 1.

To detect and assess the situation of emergency situations, to alert the population located in the emergency zone, replaceable target load modules for various purposes 5 are used, located on board each UAV. The coordinates of the emergency areas are determined using the satellite navigation system 12. The results of emergency monitoring, video and telemetry information, data on the presence of radiation background and gases in the air are transmitted from the UAV in real time to station 6 or, in case of autonomous use of station 6, - the crew of the vehicle directly from the UAV and / or through station 6 with display on the video terminal 7 for planning or taking appropriate actions to eliminate the consequences of emergencies. General management is carried out from headquarters 13 for managing the rescue operation.

Thus, the proposed mobile unmanned aerial monitoring system, in comparison with the prototype and other technical solutions of a similar purpose, will allow expanding the capabilities of conducting comprehensive monitoring of the situation and actions in the emergency zone and fulfill the tasks of aerial photographic, television, thermal imaging control (in daytime and at night), radiation and chemical reconnaissance, as well as the organization of noise-immune communications and control in hard-to-reach s disaster areas, including in adverse weather conditions and low visibility.

Claims (1)

  1. A mobile unmanned aerial monitoring complex containing a small helicopter-type unmanned aerial vehicle equipped with payload equipment transmitting real-time information, a digital camera, a digital video camera, a thermal imaging camera, a radiometer-dosimeter, a gas analyzer, a mobile ground control unit for an aircraft, and radio telemetry bidirectional communication system of an aircraft and its mobile ground control station, consisting of more commercial and ground equipment, characterized in that it is supplemented by two unmanned aerial vehicles of small and medium range, elastic and mechanical launching devices for unmanned aerial vehicles of the aircraft, a portable autonomous weather station, a set of life support equipment, as well as radio communications and a portable video terminal for receiving and transmitting video and telemetric data from the emergency area from an unmanned aerial vehicle to the trans crew The tailor’s tool includes a gyrostabilized optoelectronic system equipped with video and thermal imaging cameras, a module for alerting the public, and a radio signal relay module as a payload, and a ground control station, which is a portable workstation, as a mobile ground control station for an aircraft autonomous performance, located on the chassis of a cross-country vehicle.
RU2015154287A 2015-12-17 2015-12-17 Mobile system for unmanned aerial monitoring RU2612754C1 (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109245818A (en) * 2018-09-28 2019-01-18 西安直升机有限公司 Helicopter communication platform system is commanded in early warning
RU2683806C1 (en) * 2018-02-20 2019-04-02 Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение "Арктический и Антарктический научно-исследовательский институт" (ФГБУ "ААНИИ") Universal modular-block system for monitoring ice cover state
RU2694528C1 (en) * 2018-11-07 2019-07-16 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью (ООО) "Кардиовид" Search and rescue method
RU2703998C1 (en) * 2019-03-26 2019-10-23 Акционерное общество "Научно-производственный центр Тверских военных пенсионеров" (АО "НПЦ ТВП") Signal-interference complex

Citations (4)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6364026B1 (en) * 1998-04-01 2002-04-02 Irving Doshay Robotic fire protection system
RU2013110917A (en) * 2013-03-12 2014-09-20 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования "Национальный минерально-сырьевой университет "Горный" Automated unmanned complex for environmental monitoring
WO2015021159A1 (en) * 2013-08-09 2015-02-12 Trope Winston System and method for implementing an airborne telecommunication network using an unmanned aerial vehicle
US9158304B2 (en) * 2013-11-10 2015-10-13 Google Inc. Methods and systems for alerting and aiding an emergency situation

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6364026B1 (en) * 1998-04-01 2002-04-02 Irving Doshay Robotic fire protection system
RU2013110917A (en) * 2013-03-12 2014-09-20 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования "Национальный минерально-сырьевой университет "Горный" Automated unmanned complex for environmental monitoring
WO2015021159A1 (en) * 2013-08-09 2015-02-12 Trope Winston System and method for implementing an airborne telecommunication network using an unmanned aerial vehicle
US9158304B2 (en) * 2013-11-10 2015-10-13 Google Inc. Methods and systems for alerting and aiding an emergency situation

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2683806C1 (en) * 2018-02-20 2019-04-02 Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение "Арктический и Антарктический научно-исследовательский институт" (ФГБУ "ААНИИ") Universal modular-block system for monitoring ice cover state
CN109245818A (en) * 2018-09-28 2019-01-18 西安直升机有限公司 Helicopter communication platform system is commanded in early warning
RU2694528C1 (en) * 2018-11-07 2019-07-16 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью (ООО) "Кардиовид" Search and rescue method
RU2703998C1 (en) * 2019-03-26 2019-10-23 Акционерное общество "Научно-производственный центр Тверских военных пенсионеров" (АО "НПЦ ТВП") Signal-interference complex

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MM4A The patent is invalid due to non-payment of fees

Effective date: 20171218

NF4A Reinstatement of patent

Effective date: 20190917