RU2384887C2 - System for monitoring compliance with road traffic rules - Google Patents

System for monitoring compliance with road traffic rules Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2384887C2
RU2384887C2 RU2007121927/11A RU2007121927A RU2384887C2 RU 2384887 C2 RU2384887 C2 RU 2384887C2 RU 2007121927/11 A RU2007121927/11 A RU 2007121927/11A RU 2007121927 A RU2007121927 A RU 2007121927A RU 2384887 C2 RU2384887 C2 RU 2384887C2
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vehicle
information
antenna
control
controller
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RU2007121927/11A
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Russian (ru)
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RU2007121927A (en
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Сергей Николаевич Кононов (RU)
Сергей Николаевич Кононов
Дмитрий Сергеевич Кононов (RU)
Дмитрий Сергеевич Кононов
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Сергей Николаевич Кононов
Дмитрий Сергеевич Кононов
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Abstract

FIELD: physics; control.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to road traffic monitoring and control. Proposed system enables monitoring compliance with road traffic rules, specifically speed of vehicles, railway crossing rules, controlled road intersections and pedestrian crossing requiring road signs. The system has a signalling device placed on the control point and an actuating device mounted on the vehicle. The signalling device includes a first controller connected to a discrete signal input unit and a transmitting device containing series-connected frequency synthesiser, transmitter, power amplifier, antenna filter and an interface for connecting an external antenna. The actuating device includes a second controller connected to an analogue and discrete signal input unit, a relay-controlled output unit, an LCD monitor, an external memory unit and a transceiver with a built-in antenna. The signalling and actuating devices exchange information on the controlled parametre over a radio link set up using spectrum spreading with pseudorandom frequency hopping and time-division channelling. Information is transmitted in a defined sequence on the level of controller service signals with spatial division of signals.
EFFECT: system is characterised by high operational efficiency.
1 dwg

Description

The proposed device relates to the field of road safety and can be used to monitor compliance with traffic rules (SDA).

The system is a set of software and hardware designed to monitor compliance with traffic rules, as well as to alert drivers of vehicles (TS) with a voice message with a graphic display on the monitor of all permanent or temporary signs installed on the road, restrictions introduced or canceled by these signs.

Further, any traffic rule or traffic sign requirement will be referred to as a “parameter”.

Known systems for monitoring compliance with traffic rules by vehicles (see GB 2055469, 03/04/1981, US 4987541, 01/21/1999, RU 2116208, 07/27/1998). All these systems provide for the processing of information at a single stationary point, which reduces the efficiency of information processing.

The closest in technical essence to the claimed technical solution is the AUTOMATED VEHICLE OPERATION CONTROL SYSTEM AND VEHICLE PARAMETER RECORDER (RU 62726 U, G08G 1/01, 2007.04.27), which consists of a base station, mobile units, and a central dispatcher the first and second transceiver devices are installed on the base station, connected by their outputs on the I / O port bus with the corresponding inputs of the base station microcontroller, which is connected to with an output through the corresponding input-output port from the first PC connected via the input-output bus with the input of the workstations of the base station, each mobile unit has a sensor unit and a vehicle parameter recorder, consisting of an information processing unit, which is connected to its input with the output of the sensor unit, the central control center contains a third transceiver device, the output of which is connected via the corresponding bus of the input-output port to a second PC connected to without an appropriate I / O port bus with automated workstations of the central control center, while it additionally contains a GPS / GLONASS navigation system, a weight and dimensional control point, a vehicle traffic control point, integration into a single automated system is carried out by the corresponding communication channels: navigation channel communications - the mobile unit and the spacecraft of the GPS / GLONASS system are combined, the long-distance communication channel - the mobile unit and the base are combined station, communication channel - the base station and the central control center are combined, short-range communication channel - the mobile unit and the vehicle traffic control point are combined, as well as the mobile unit and the weight and dimensional control station, and the weight and overall control station contains a fourth transceiver device, the third PC, the first block of video surveillance and registration, connected via an appropriate I / O bus to the input of a third PC, configured to make an ID by its commands the typification of the vehicle that violated the weight or dimensional characteristics, the weight control unit and the dimensional control unit, made with the possibility of determining the actual weight and overall dimensions of the transported cargo, connected by their outputs via the corresponding input / output bus with the input of a third PC made with the ability to analyze and to distinguish from the information received from the mobile unit the signs of the route that are recorded in its registrar of vehicle parameters following violations of weight and overall characteristics in the territory controlled by the point of weight and overall control, to issue control signals to the first video surveillance and registration unit to search from the general stream of vehicles for the mobile unit that allowed the violation of weight and size characteristics recorded in its registrar of traffic parameters, and also on the basis of the bulk measurements performed at rest and the movement and time of the measurement, determine the date and time of violations according to reloading the transported cargo and its overall dimensions, determine the damage caused to the roadway, maintain and organize an electronic archive of data of mobile units that have passed the weight and overall control, set the fare, issue a cash register receipt, calculate fines if the allowable weight and overall parameters are exceeded, and also automatically draw up acts for violations committed by the haulier, and after monitoring, transmit via the short-range communication channel through the fourth transmission the output device connected to its output via the corresponding input-output bus with the input of the third PC, the actual data on the detected violations and penalties for them in the vehicle parameter recorder, the third PC is connected via the input-output bus to the input of the workstation executed by with the ability to display effective information for monitoring the weight and overall parameters of vehicles, the vehicle traffic control station contains a fifth transceiver a triad, a second video surveillance and registration unit, a fourth personal computer, the second video surveillance and control unit being configured to, on the instructions of the fourth personal computer, identify a vehicle that has violated traffic rules on the driving route and is connected to its output via the corresponding input / output bus with an input the fourth PC, made with the ability to analyze and extract from the received information from the mobile unit recorded in its registrar transport parameters with signs of traffic violations on the route in the territory controlled by this vehicle traffic control point, issue control signals to the second video surveillance and registration unit for searching from the general stream of vehicles that mobile unit that committed a violation of traffic rules, recorded in its registrar of vehicle parameters, as well as record the date, travel time, violations of the rules of the road ia, maintain and organize an electronic archive of data of vehicles that have passed control at a given traffic control point for this section of the route, calculate the amount of the penalty for violations of the rules of the road, automatically draw up acts of violations of the rules of the road by the driver of the vehicle, transmit a short-range communication channel through a fifth transceiver connected to its output via an appropriate I / O bus with an input a fourth personal computer, data on detected violations and penalties for them to the vehicle parameter recorder, the fourth personal computer is connected via an I / O bus to the input of an automated workstation of a vehicle traffic control point, and this automated workstation is configured to display effective information monitoring the observance of traffic rules by vehicles; in addition, the base station microcontroller is configured to generate mobile unit tuning and polling commands and determine the coordinates of the mobile unit from information received from the vehicle parameter recorder, and the first base station PC is configured to calculate the operational and technical parameters of the mobile unit, determine the actual route using the GPS / GLONASS navigation system and display information on the results of the operation of a mobile unit on workstations of the base station; the second PC of the central control center is made with the ability to summarize and analyze the information of the microcontroller of the base station obtained using the second transceiver of the communication channel of the base station and the third transceiver of the central control center according to the boundary values of the monitored parameters of the vehicle parameter recorder, fix the coordinates of the mobile unit and the allowed driver violation of the rules of transportation of goods and traffic and provide this information to the automated workstation of the central control room; vehicle parameters recorder, configured to calculate, fix and store navigation parameters obtained on the basis of information from global navigation information on the navigation link on the location of the mobile unit along the route and control information on the technical and operational parameters of the mobile unit, comparing it with the available restrictions on the route section, determination of the fact of violation of the rules for the carriage of goods and traffic, adaptation of the stored information on the formats and protocols of exchange in the local area network, control of its transmission through the respective transceivers of the transceiver unit of the vehicle parameter recorder to the microcontroller of the base station and the point of weight and overall control, as well as to the point of control of vehicle traffic; the navigation communication channel is organized by the receiver of the navigation signals of the transceiver unit of the vehicle parameter recorder; the long-distance communication channel is organized by the first transceiver device of the base station and the long-range transceiver device of the transceiver unit of the vehicle parameter recorder; the communication channel is organized by means of the second and third transceiver devices; the short-range communication channel is organized by means of the short-range transceiver of the transceiver unit of the vehicle parameter recorder and the fourth transceiver of the weight and overall control point; in addition, by means of the short-range transceiver of the transceiver unit of the vehicle parameter recorder and the fifth transceiver of the vehicle control station.

The disadvantages of this system are the same as those of the above technical solutions.

The objective of the invention is to increase efficiency in terms of reliability of the results, expanding the list of controlled road signs and paragraphs of traffic rules, mobility and ease of operation of the system.

For this purpose, a system for monitoring compliance with traffic rules, in particular, the vehicle’s high-speed mode, the rules for driving through railway crossings, regulated intersections and pedestrian crossings, and the requirements of road signs, is proposed, which contains a signaling device located at the place of control and an actuating device placed on the vehicle exchanged between information on a radio line organized using spread spectrum technology with pseudo-random frequency hopping and time division of channels fishing.

The signal device includes a first controller connected to a transmitting device, which contains a series-connected frequency synthesizer, a transmitter, a power amplifier, an antenna filter and an interface for connecting an external antenna, as well as with a discrete signal input unit.

The actuator includes a second controller connected to the transceiver with a built-in antenna, an external memory unit, a liquid crystal monitor, as well as an analog and discrete signal input unit and with a relay output unit.

Signal devices are capable of transmitting information about a controlled parameter using controllers' service signals, in a certain sequence, with spatial diversity of signals, and also with the ability to connect to traffic control devices through discrete signal input blocks for collaboration.

Actuators are configured to receive information about the controlled parameter from signaling devices in a specific sequence, to fix the committed violations of the monitored parameters in the external memory unit, audio and video information of the vehicle driver about the committed violations, introduced and canceled restrictions, established road signs through terminal devices connected via controller interfaces, as well as control of signal devices of the vehicle through the block of relay outputs.

The executive device analyzes the information received from the signal devices and from the vehicle speed sensor received through the input unit of analog and discrete signals, detects violations of the controlled parameters in time and physical quantity and stores the information in the external memory unit.

Further, information about the monitored parameter exchanged between the signal and actuator will be referred to as the “parameter code”.

The drawing shows a structural electrical diagram of a traffic control system.

The traffic control system contains a signal device 1 located at the control place and an actuator 11 located on the vehicle 10, while the signal device 1 comprises a first controller 3 connected to a transmitting device 4, including a transmitter 5, a frequency synthesizer 6, a power amplifier 7, an antenna filter 8 and an interface for connecting an external antenna 9, as well as with a discrete signal input unit 2, the actuator comprises a second controller 15 connected to an external memory unit 16 and a transceiver with Structures antenna 17, as well as the input unit of analogue and digital signals 12, relay output unit 13 and the liquid crystal monitor 14.

Known circuits are used in the signal device 1 and actuator 11. The controllers 3 and 15 used in the signal and actuating devices are identical in composition and capabilities.

A radio link for the exchange of information between the signal device 1 and the actuator 11 is organized using the well-known technology of spreading the spectrum with pseudo-random frequency hopping and time division of channels.

The operating frequency band is divided into a certain number of channels. For call, request, answer and call procedures, “N” frequency channels are used.

Each channel is divided into time intervals of a certain duration, with each time interval corresponding to a specific channel. The time intervals are numbered according to the clock of the alarm device. The transmitter in each time interval uses only one channel.

The signal device 1 transmits in even time intervals, starting from zero. Actuators 11 must always “listen” at even time intervals, since they never know when they can be accessed.

The transmitter of the signaling device performs K frequency tunings per unit time. The frequency tuning order is determined by a sequence having a very large period length. The choice of sequence is carried out according to the own clock and the electronic address of the controller of the signaling device.

The receiver of the actuator in standby mode performs tuning according to “N” frequencies, remaining at each for the time necessary for tuning the signal device to “N / 2” frequencies. For example, when using 10 frequencies, the receiver is on one frequency for 5 time intervals, then tunes to another frequency, while if the receiver was on the frequency of the first half of the range, then it will be tuned to the frequency of the second half of the range. When a request is received from a signaling device, the actuating device carries out temporary synchronization, and then its receiver is reconstructed synchronously with the transmitter during the entire time that it is in the zone of operation of the signaling device.

The general format of packets used in a radio channel consists of three parts: an access code, a header, and useful information.

Asynchronous packets are used, without establishing a connection.

Access codes are service signals of communication controllers and are used for notification and exchange of service information.

Three access codes are used.

 The request access code is used to detect actuator modules within the range of the signal device.

 The parameter code contains a sign of the controlled parameter.

 The restriction removal code contains the corresponding attribute.

The traffic control system operates as follows:

The TS executive device is constantly in the standby mode of the request, tuning in frequencies according to the established algorithm.

At the monitoring site, alarm devices are installed. The antenna diagram of one signaling device is directed towards the movement of vehicles, and the antenna diagram of another signaling device is directed along the movement of vehicles of the same direction.

Signaling devices transmit the “request access code” and “parameter code”, while information through the “request access code” and “parameter code” is transmitted through an antenna directed towards the movement of vehicles, and only “parameter code” information is transmitted through the other antenna .

The TS executive device analyzes the received information from signaling devices of a given direction and, if the received “parameter code” coincides with the “parameter code” in the memory of the executive device, a violation of the monitored parameter is recorded.

Use cases

1. Speed control

Signaling devices are installed at the level of the speed limit sign (designated start of the settlement) and at the place where the action of the speed limit sign ends (at the exit of the settlement).

The signal devices installed at the speed limit sign transmit the “request access code” and “parameter code”, the signal devices installed at the end of the speed limit action transmit the “request access code” and “restriction removal code”.

When approaching the speed limit sign, the vehicle enters the coverage area of the first signaling device. The signal device in even slots cycles through the “request access code” and “parameter code”. The TS executive device in the first even slot receives the “request access code”, performs the time synchronization procedure, and enters the call waiting state. In the next even slot, the actuator receives a “parameter code”.

Continuing movement, the actuator moves into the coverage area of another signaling device and receives a “parameter code”. The executive device analyzes the received information, compares it with the code stored in the controller’s internal memory and, if the codes match, activates the vehicle speed control program, notifying the driver of the restriction introduced by voice message, as well as graphic information on the monitor.

If the permissible speed is exceeded, the vehicle driver receives a warning signal, then, if the driver has not reduced the speed to the allowed value, after a set time the executive device records the time and nature of the violation, puts the vehicle’s signaling devices in a special mode.

Monitoring of the speed mode continues throughout the vehicle’s movement in the controlled area (in the locality), and it is possible to record each speeding as a separate violation.

At the end of the monitored section (at the exit from the settlement), the executive device receives a “restriction removal code” and turns off the speed control program. The driver receives a voice message about the abolition of the restriction with the display of information on the monitor.

2. Control of passage of regulated intersections of roads, pedestrian crossings and level crossings

Signal devices are installed together with traffic lights (semaphores) and are connected to them through input blocks of discrete signals.

When the traffic light switches from “enable” to “warning” signal, the first signaling device starts transmitting “request access code” and “parameter code” according to the algorithm considered earlier.

When the traffic light switches from a “warning” to a “prohibitory” signal, the second signaling device starts transmitting a “parameter code”.

When the vehicle’s actuator receives a “warning” traffic signal, it receives a “request access code”, performs a time synchronization procedure, switches to call waiting mode and receives a “parameter code”.

When the vehicle moves to a “prohibitory” traffic signal, the executive device receives a “parameter code” in the coverage area of another signal device, analyzes the received information, compares it with the code stored in the controller’s internal memory, and when the codes match, it records the time and nature of the violation, puts the vehicle’s lighting fixtures in a special mode, notifies the driver of the violation by voice message with information displayed on the monitor.

When the traffic light switches from the “warning” signal to the “enabling” signaling devices, they stop working.

For railway crossings, the difference between the algorithm is that the signal devices begin to work on transmission when the "inhibitory" semaphore signal is turned on.

3. Monitoring compliance with the requirements of marks

A feature of the algorithm is that the signaling devices constantly transmit a “request access code” and a “parameter code”. The first signaling device constantly transmits a “request access code” and “parameter code” with a set cycle; other signaling devices constantly transmit only a “parameter code” as previously discussed.

For signs prohibiting stopping and parking, the difference is that after receiving the “request access code” and “parameter code”, the actuator activates the vehicle speed control program and, when the speed drops to zero, after a set interval of time, it records a violation. At the end of the restriction section, a signal device is installed that transmits a “restriction removal code”.

4. The technical means of the system make it possible to alert drivers of vehicles of all signs installed on the road, both permanent and temporary, as well as dangerous conditions on road sections (heavy fog, ice, snow drifts, etc.).

An approximate list of traffic rules, compliance with which can be monitored

1. Directions of crossroads and pedestrian crossings regulated by traffic lights.

2. Directions for level crossings.

3. Speed limits in settlements, in residential areas, in domestic territories, on sections of highways and roads.

4. The maximum speed determined by the technical characteristics of vehicles.

5. The speed indicated on the “Speed limit” identification mark mounted on the vehicle.

6. Requirement of priority signs:

- “No stopping is prohibited”

7. Requirements of prohibition signs:

- "No entry"

- "Movement Prohibition"

- “The movement of motor vehicles is prohibited”

- “No trucks allowed”

- “No motorcycle traffic”

- “Tractors are prohibited”

- “Danger”

- “Turning to the right (left) is prohibited”

- "Maximum speed limit"

- “Stop prohibited”

- "No parking"

- “Parking is prohibited on odd (even) numbers”

8. Requirements of prescriptive signs:

- “Go straight”

- “Move to the right”

- “Move to the left”

- “Move straight or right”

- “Move straight or left”

- “Move right or left”

- "Minimum speed limit"

- "Bike Lane"

- "Footpath"

9. Signs of special requirements:

- “One-way road”

- “Parking Restricted Area”

- “Zone with maximum speed limit”

- "Pedestrian zone"

The proposed system will improve the efficiency of traffic control authorities, not only reduce the number of traffic violations, but also prevent them.

The list of items in the drawing

1. The signal device.

2. Block input discrete signals.

3. The controller.

4. Transmitting device.

5. The transmitter.

6. Frequency synthesizer.

7. Power amplifier.

8. Antenna filter.

9. Interface for connecting an external antenna.

10. The vehicle.

11. Executive device.

12. Block input analog and discrete signals.

13. Block relay outputs.

14. The liquid crystal monitor.

15. The controller.

16. The block of external memory.

17. Transceiver with built-in antenna.

Claims (1)

  1. A system for monitoring compliance with traffic rules, in particular, vehicle speed limits, railway crossing rules, regulated intersections and pedestrian crossings, traffic sign requirements, containing a signaling device located at the place of control and an actuating device placed on the vehicle exchanging with each other by information on a radio line organized using pseudo-random hopping spread spectrum technology frequency and time division of channels, while the signal device includes a first controller connected to a transmitting device, which contains a series-connected frequency synthesizer, transmitter, power amplifier, antenna filter and interface for connecting an external antenna, as well as with a discrete signal input unit, an executive the device includes a second controller connected to the transceiver with a built-in antenna, an external memory unit, a liquid crystal monitor, as well as an analog and digital input unit scrambled signals and with a block of relay outputs, signaling devices are configured to transmit information about the monitored parameter using control signals of the controllers, in a specific sequence, with spatial diversity of signals, actuators are configured to receive information about the monitored parameter from signaling devices in a specific sequence, fixing committed violations of controlled parameters in the external memory unit, informing the driver of the trans Tailor means of irregularities entered and cancels the restrictions imposed by road signs.
RU2007121927/11A 2007-06-14 2007-06-14 System for monitoring compliance with road traffic rules RU2384887C2 (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2444793C1 (en) * 2010-10-21 2012-03-10 Открытое акционерное общество "Авангард" Method monitoring compliance with road traffic rules
RU2474879C2 (en) * 2010-10-15 2013-02-10 Открытое акционерное общество "Таганрогский научно-исследовательский институт связи" (ОАО "ТНИИС") Method for controlling operation of vehicles
RU2580597C2 (en) * 2014-05-13 2016-04-10 Федеральное государственное казенное военное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования "Военная академия материально-технического обеспечения имени генерала армии А.В. Хрулёва" System for enforcing road traffic rules
RU2682153C2 (en) * 2014-12-01 2019-03-14 Юн Чо ЛИ System for determining vehicle's movement in wrong direction
RU2682151C1 (en) * 2015-07-21 2019-03-14 Ниссан Мотор Ко., Лтд. Device for determination of environment, motion assistance equipment and method for determination of environment
RU2682095C1 (en) * 2015-07-21 2019-03-14 Ниссан Мотор Ко., Лтд. Device for determination of environment, motion assistance equipment and method for determination of environment
RU2682112C1 (en) * 2015-07-21 2019-03-14 Ниссан Мотор Ко., Лтд. Driving planning device, motion assistance equipment and driving planning method
RU2682092C1 (en) * 2015-07-21 2019-03-14 Ниссан Мотор Ко., Лтд. Driving planning device, motion assistance equipment and driving planning method
RU2700301C2 (en) * 2015-07-21 2019-09-16 Ниссан Мотор Ко., Лтд. Device for determining environment, equipment for facilitating movement and method for determining environment

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2474879C2 (en) * 2010-10-15 2013-02-10 Открытое акционерное общество "Таганрогский научно-исследовательский институт связи" (ОАО "ТНИИС") Method for controlling operation of vehicles
RU2444793C1 (en) * 2010-10-21 2012-03-10 Открытое акционерное общество "Авангард" Method monitoring compliance with road traffic rules
RU2580597C2 (en) * 2014-05-13 2016-04-10 Федеральное государственное казенное военное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования "Военная академия материально-технического обеспечения имени генерала армии А.В. Хрулёва" System for enforcing road traffic rules
RU2682153C2 (en) * 2014-12-01 2019-03-14 Юн Чо ЛИ System for determining vehicle's movement in wrong direction
RU2682151C1 (en) * 2015-07-21 2019-03-14 Ниссан Мотор Ко., Лтд. Device for determination of environment, motion assistance equipment and method for determination of environment
RU2682095C1 (en) * 2015-07-21 2019-03-14 Ниссан Мотор Ко., Лтд. Device for determination of environment, motion assistance equipment and method for determination of environment
RU2682112C1 (en) * 2015-07-21 2019-03-14 Ниссан Мотор Ко., Лтд. Driving planning device, motion assistance equipment and driving planning method
RU2682092C1 (en) * 2015-07-21 2019-03-14 Ниссан Мотор Ко., Лтд. Driving planning device, motion assistance equipment and driving planning method
RU2700301C2 (en) * 2015-07-21 2019-09-16 Ниссан Мотор Ко., Лтд. Device for determining environment, equipment for facilitating movement and method for determining environment

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Effective date: 20120615