RU2379340C1 - Production method of flavoured dark beer - Google Patents

Production method of flavoured dark beer Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2379340C1
RU2379340C1 RU2009106006/12A RU2009106006A RU2379340C1 RU 2379340 C1 RU2379340 C1 RU 2379340C1 RU 2009106006/12 A RU2009106006/12 A RU 2009106006/12A RU 2009106006 A RU2009106006 A RU 2009106006A RU 2379340 C1 RU2379340 C1 RU 2379340C1
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
mixture
microwave
jerusalem artichoke
malt
miscella
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Application number
RU2009106006/12A
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Russian (ru)
Inventor
Олег Иванович Квасенков (RU)
Олег Иванович Квасенков
Original Assignee
Олег Иванович Квасенков
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Application filed by Олег Иванович Квасенков filed Critical Олег Иванович Квасенков
Priority to RU2009106006/12A priority Critical patent/RU2379340C1/en
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Publication of RU2379340C1 publication Critical patent/RU2379340C1/en

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Abstract

FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: method involves mixing caraway and hops, extracting the obtained mixture by liquid nitrogen with corresponding miscella separation, cutting, drying in a microwave field at preset process parametres as well as roasting girasol and mixing it with malt, impregnating the obtained mixture with separated miscella with a simultaneous pressure boost, releasing pressure until it equals the atmospheric pressure with simultaneous freezing of the mixture and its cryomilling in the medium of evolved nitrogen, pouring over the mixture with drinking water and saccharifying the mixture to obtain wort; adding brewer's yeast to the wort, performing incipient fermentation, afterfermentation and filtration.
EFFECT: method enables to reduce production process duration and increase foam stability of the target product.

Description

The invention relates to brewing technology.
A known method for the production of flavored dark beer, involving obtaining mash from crushed malt, its saccharification, adding roasted chicory, boiling with hops, cooling, brewing yeast, main fermentation, fermentation of young beer and filtering it (UA 3481 C1, 1994).
The disadvantage of this method is the long duration of the process.
The technical result of the invention is to reduce the duration of the process and increase the resistance of the foam of the target product.
This result is achieved by the fact that in the method for the production of flavored dark beer, which involves preparing wort from malt, roasted unmalted raw materials and hops, introducing brewer's yeast into it, main fermentation, fermentation of the young beer and filtering it, according to the invention, cumin and hops are mixed in the ratio mass of 1:10 and the resulting mixture is extracted with liquid nitrogen with the separation of the corresponding miscella; Jerusalem artichoke is used as unmalted material, which is cut, dried in a microwave field to residual moisture about 20% at a microwave field power that ensures the heating of Jerusalem artichoke to a temperature inside pieces of 80-90 ° C for at least 1 hour and fry, mix Jerusalem artichoke and malt in a ratio by weight of 1: (10-25), soak the resulting the mixture is separated by a mis-chain with a simultaneous increase in pressure, the pressure is released to atmospheric pressure while freezing the mixture, it is subjected to cryo-grinding in the medium of the released nitrogen, it is poured with drinking water and saccharified to produce wort.
The method is implemented as follows.
Caraway seeds and hops are mixed in a weight ratio of 1:10, the resulting mixture is extracted with liquid nitrogen and the miscella is separated according to the known technology (Kasyanov G.I., Kvasenkov O.I., Nematullaev I., Nesterov V.V. Processing of plant materials with liquefied and compressed gases. - M .: AgroNIITEIPP, 1993, pp. 7-15). Through the use of the well-known effect of coextraction (Kasyanov G.I., Kvasenkov O.I.Soextraction // Second All-Russian Scientific and Technical Conference "Progressive environmentally friendly technologies for storage and integrated processing of agricultural products to create food products of increased nutritional and biological value." Abstracts . - Uglich: RASHN, 1996, p.239) the yield of extractives from the mixture is greater than their total yield upon separate extraction of the components.
Jerusalem artichoke is prepared by traditional technology, cut and dried in a microwave field to a residual moisture content of about 20% for at least 1 hour. Moreover, according to well-known dependencies (Gubiev YK Scientific and practical principles of thermotechnological processes of food production in the electromagnetic field of the microwave. Abstract of the dissertation of the Doctor of Technical Sciences - M .: MTIPP, 1990, pp. 7-11) calculate the power microwave fields, allowing to ensure the drying time of Jerusalem artichoke 1 hour and heating to a temperature inside pieces of 80 and 90 ° C. The microwave field power is set greater than or equal to the second value and less than or equal to the smaller of the first and third values of the calculated powers.
Drying in the microwave field at temperatures above 90 ° C leads to premature caramelization of sugars. Drying in the microwave field at temperatures below 80 ° C and a reduction in drying time of less than 1 hour lead to a reduction in the yield of extractives. Since an increase in the drying time automatically leads to an increase in the specific energy consumption, the maximum value of the drying time is determined by the Harrington desirability function for the maximum yield of extractive substances with minimal specific energy consumption.
Then Jerusalem artichoke is fried according to traditional technology (Nakhmedov F.G. Technology of coffee products. - M.: Light and food industry, 1984, p. 58-73).
Fried Jerusalem artichoke and malt are jointly loaded into the drum of a cryomill in a weight ratio of 1: (10-25) and poured to impregnate the separated miscella. The amount of miscella is chosen according to well-known recommendations (Khristyuk A.V. Improving the technology of beer production. - Krasnodar: KNIIHP, 2003, p.133-134). The pressure in the drum automatically rises to a value corresponding to the pressure of saturated nitrogen vapor at the impregnation temperature. Impregnation time is calculated according to the known laws of mass transfer (Kosmodemyansky Yu.V. Processes and apparatuses of food production. A textbook for students of technical schools. - M .: Kolos, 1997, p.135-162). In this case, nitrogen is absorbed and the mixture is saturated with the extractive substances contained in the miscella.
After the impregnation is completed, the pressure in the drum is vented to atmospheric pressure, which ensures evaporation of nitrogen and freezing of the mixture, and then cryo-grinding of the mixture in the medium of nitrogen released is carried out.
The crushed mixture is poured with drinking water and saccharified to produce wort. Moreover, due to the use of gas-liquid miscella, the process of saccharification of the mash is accelerated and the yield of malt extractives into the wort is increased (RU 2318015 C1, 2008).
It should be noted that the implementation of wort hopping at the mashing stage significantly reduces the duration of the preparation of the wort.
The brewer's yeast is introduced into the resulting wort and, using the technology of the closest analogue, the main fermentation, fermentation of the young beer and filtration are successively carried out to obtain the desired product.
When conducting an organoleptic evaluation of the target product in accordance with GOST 3473, it was found that, compared with the product obtained by the closest analogue, the foam resistance is increased by 15-20%, which is probably due to an increase in the content of surfactants in Jerusalem artichoke extract when the described technology for its processing before frying.
Thus, the proposed method allows to reduce the duration of the process and increase the resistance of the foam of the target product.

Claims (1)

  1. A method for the production of flavored dark beer, involving the preparation of must from malt, roasted unmalted raw materials and hops, introducing brewer's yeast into it, the main fermentation, fermentation of the young beer and its filtering, characterized in that caraway and hops are mixed in a ratio by weight of 1:10 and extract the resulting mixture with liquid nitrogen with separation of the corresponding miscella; Jerusalem artichoke is used as unmalted raw material, which is cut, dried in the microwave field to a residual moisture content of about 20% at a microwave field power of sintering warmed up Jerusalem artichoke to a temperature inside pieces of 80-90 ° C for at least 1 hour and fry, mix Jerusalem artichoke and malt in a weight ratio of 1: (10-25), impregnate the resulting mixture with separated miscella with a simultaneous increase in pressure, relieve pressure to atmospheric with simultaneous freezing of the mixture, it is subjected to cryo-grinding in the medium of nitrogen released, poured with drinking water and saccharified to produce wort.
RU2009106006/12A 2009-02-24 2009-02-24 Production method of flavoured dark beer RU2379340C1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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RU2009106006/12A RU2379340C1 (en) 2009-02-24 2009-02-24 Production method of flavoured dark beer

Publications (1)

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RU2379340C1 true RU2379340C1 (en) 2010-01-20

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2591488C1 (en) * 2015-09-03 2016-07-20 Олег Иванович Квасенков Method for producing bread kvass
RU2591486C1 (en) * 2015-09-03 2016-07-20 Олег Иванович Квасенков Method for producing bread kvass
RU2591487C1 (en) * 2015-09-03 2016-07-20 Олег Иванович Квасенков Method for producing bread kvass
RU2591517C1 (en) * 2015-09-17 2016-07-20 Олег Иванович Квасенков Method for producing bread kvass
RU2591507C1 (en) * 2015-09-11 2016-07-20 Олег Иванович Квасенков Method for producing bread kvass
RU2591493C1 (en) * 2015-09-07 2016-07-20 Олег Иванович Квасенков Method for producing bread kvass

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2591488C1 (en) * 2015-09-03 2016-07-20 Олег Иванович Квасенков Method for producing bread kvass
RU2591486C1 (en) * 2015-09-03 2016-07-20 Олег Иванович Квасенков Method for producing bread kvass
RU2591487C1 (en) * 2015-09-03 2016-07-20 Олег Иванович Квасенков Method for producing bread kvass
RU2591493C1 (en) * 2015-09-07 2016-07-20 Олег Иванович Квасенков Method for producing bread kvass
RU2591507C1 (en) * 2015-09-11 2016-07-20 Олег Иванович Квасенков Method for producing bread kvass
RU2591517C1 (en) * 2015-09-17 2016-07-20 Олег Иванович Квасенков Method for producing bread kvass

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