RU101163U1 - Thermoelectric generator - Google Patents

Thermoelectric generator Download PDF

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Publication number
RU101163U1
RU101163U1 RU2010118379/06U RU2010118379U RU101163U1 RU 101163 U1 RU101163 U1 RU 101163U1 RU 2010118379/06 U RU2010118379/06 U RU 2010118379/06U RU 2010118379 U RU2010118379 U RU 2010118379U RU 101163 U1 RU101163 U1 RU 101163U1
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
heating
thermoelectric generator
heat exchanger
cold
hot
Prior art date
Application number
RU2010118379/06U
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Russian (ru)
Inventor
Игорь Викторович Быстров
Юрий Викторович Быстров
Лев Рахимович Галеев
Валерий Васильевич Петаев
Владимир Васильевич Петаев
Original Assignee
Игорь Викторович Быстров
Юрий Викторович Быстров
Лев Рахимович Галеев
Валерий Васильевич Петаев
Владимир Васильевич Петаев
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Application filed by Игорь Викторович Быстров, Юрий Викторович Быстров, Лев Рахимович Галеев, Валерий Васильевич Петаев, Владимир Васильевич Петаев filed Critical Игорь Викторович Быстров
Priority to RU2010118379/06U priority Critical patent/RU101163U1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of RU101163U1 publication Critical patent/RU101163U1/en

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Abstract

 1. Thermoelectric generator, including at least one thermoelectric generating module with electrical leads, the “hot” and “cold” junctions of which are in contact with a “hot” heat exchanger and a “cold” heat exchanger, characterized in that as a “hot” heat exchanger they use a heating device and / or an element of a heating system with a circulating coolant inside and / or a hot water supply system, and a cooling radiator with a circular is used as a “cold” heat exchanger chilled air inside. ! 2. The thermoelectric generator according to claim 1, characterized in that a radiator is used as a heating device of the heating system, consisting of single or multi-channel sections connected to each other. ! 3. The thermoelectric generator according to claim 1, characterized in that water is used as the heat carrier of the heating system. ! 4. The thermoelectric generator according to claim 1, characterized in that steam is used as the heat carrier of the heating system. !5. The thermoelectric generator according to claim 1, characterized in that oil is used as the heat carrier of the heating system. ! 6. The thermoelectric generator according to claim 1, characterized in that as the cooled air circulating inside the "cold" heat exchanger, use air from the outside of the building.

Description

The utility model relates to the field of thermoelectric energy conversion, namely to thermoelectric generators (TEG), and can be used to power residential and industrial buildings as an additional source of electrical energy.

A thermoelectric generator is known, including thermoelectric generating modules with electrical leads, the “hot” and “cold” junctions of which contact respectively the “hot” heat exchanger and the “cold” heat exchanger (www.kryotherm.ru/ru/presentation.html (printout from the site in Appendix 1).

The main disadvantage is the impossibility of using the known device in urban-type apartments, using for heating rooms not stove heating, but water or steam heating appliances. Increased safety requirements require increased specialized knowledge from consumers. In addition, the disadvantage of the known device is its high cost, as well as the limited time of the device (electricity is generated only during the burning of fuel).

The problem to which the claimed utility model is directed is to create a thermoelectric generator using devices and elements of centralized heating systems (mainly water and / or steam as a heat carrier) as well as elements of closed hot water supply systems as a “hot” heat exchanger. Another objective is to expand the functionality of heating devices and elements of centralized heating systems, as well as closed hot water systems.

To solve the problem in a thermoelectric generator, which includes at least one thermoelectric generating module with electrical leads, the “hot” and “cold” junctions of which are in contact with the “hot” heat exchanger and the “cold” heat exchanger, according to the utility model, as a “hot” heat exchanger use a heating device and / or an element of a heating system with a circulating coolant inside and / or a hot water supply system, and use as a “cold” heat exchanger comfort cooling radiator, circulating the chilled air inside.

As a heating device of the heating system, a radiator is used, consisting of single or multi-channel sections connected to each other.

Water is used as the heat carrier of the heating system.

A possible example of the implementation of the device, in which steam is used as the heating medium of the heating system.

A possible example of a device in which oil is used as a heating medium of the heating system.

As the cooled air circulating inside the "cold" heat exchanger, use the air from the outside of the building.

The device is illustrated in the drawing, which shows a thermoelectric generator, General view.

The thermoelectric generator comprises thermoelectric generating modules 1 of industrial manufacture with electrical leads 2. The thermoelectric generating module 1 includes a hot junction plate 3 in contact with a hot heat exchanger 4 and a cold junction plate 5 in contact with a cold heat exchanger 6. As a "hot" heat exchanger 4, a centralized heating system device is used, for example, a heating radiator with a coolant circulating inside, which is used, for example , Hot water. Also, as a "hot" heat exchanger 4, elements of a hot water supply system can be used, as well as heating devices of a heating system in which steam or oil is a heat carrier. A “cold” heat exchanger 6 is made, for example, in the form of an aluminum cooling radiator with air 7 circulating inside, coming from the outside of the building (during the heating season, it is cooled air) through the lower tube 8, passing through the outer wall 9 of the building and connected to the lower the pipe 10 of the cooling radiator 6 by means of a flexible hose 11. The upper pipe 12 of the cooling radiator 6 is connected through a flexible hose 13 to the exhaust pipe 14 passing through the outer wall 9 of the building 7. Outside air circulation 7 inside the "cold" heat exchanger 6 is carried out naturally. To increase the flow rate of outdoor air 7 in the duct of the cooling radiator 6 by 10 ÷ 15%, the upper exhaust pipe 14 is connected via a flexible copper lead 15 to the heating radiator 4. Rigid fixing of the heating radiator 4, thermoelectric generating modules 1 and cooling radiator 6 is carried out by means of clamp ties 16. The space between the heating radiator 4 and the cooling radiator 6 is filled with heat-insulating material, for example, polyurethane foam 17. I generate electrical terminals 2 of the thermoelectric of the connecting modules 1 by means of a soldering of wires are connected in a block diagram and feed consumers through a plug connector 18 installed in a place convenient for the consumer, for example, on a wall of a room.

The power of thermoelectricity generated varies by the number of thermoelectric generating modules 1 installed on the sections of the heating radiator 6 or the number of such sections assembled into a battery, and is regulated by the manufacturer with a lower limit of usable power of 5 W and a voltage of 3 V, which is associated with the level of illumination when using LEDs with incandescent lamp 100 watts.

If desired, the value of standard voltages and the type of current are regulated by the customer and are carried out by means of structural electrical connections of the thermoelectric generator:

- on voltage standardization: thermoelectric generator → AC converter → voltage multiplier up to 6; 9; 12; 24 ... Volt.

- by type of current: thermoelectric generator → 220 V AC inverter.

When the thermoelectric generator is operating, the heating radiator 4 heats the plate 3 of the “hot” junction of the thermoelectric generating module 1, and the cooling radiator 6 cools the plate 5 of the “cold” junction of the thermoelectric generating module 1. As a result of the temperature difference ΔT = (40-65) ° С, the difference voltages (thermo-EMF), that is, the conversion of thermal energy into electrical energy occurs.

The use of heating system devices, such as cast-iron heating radiators, as a “hot” heat exchanger allows the inventive device to be used throughout the entire heating season. The use of elements of a hot water supply system as a "hot" heat exchanger allows the inventive device to be used during the cold season.

The inventive device can be used for energy supply of engineering systems of residential and industrial buildings: for powering LED lighting equipment, for lighting rooms in apartments and rural houses, stairwells in porches, etc., as well as for reliable power supply of low-voltage household appliances:

- to charge the batteries of mobile phones, digital cameras;

- to listen to the radio, use a DVD player, laptop, etc.

Compared with the prototype of the inventive device has the following advantages.

The inventive device extends the functionality of existing heating systems and hot water systems.

The inventive device can be installed in any room with a centralized heating system or hot water supply.

The device is convenient to install, safe and reliable in operation, do not require special maintenance.

In the cold season, the inventive device is constantly in working condition and does not depend on the furnace furnace process, which is short-term.

In addition, the inventive device has a long service life, stable in operation, gives a stable voltage, is not afraid of short circuit and idle mode.

The use of the inventive device throughout the heating season gives complete independence from distribution electric networks in the minimum necessary lighting for residential, domestic and industrial premises, significantly reduces the load on distribution electric networks and provides significant energy savings in the cold season.

Claims (6)

1. Thermoelectric generator, including at least one thermoelectric generating module with electrical leads, the “hot” and “cold” junctions of which are in contact with a “hot” heat exchanger and a “cold” heat exchanger, characterized in that as a “hot” heat exchanger they use a heating device and / or an element of a heating system with a circulating coolant inside and / or a hot water supply system, and a cooling radiator with a circular is used as a “cold” heat exchanger chilled air inside.
2. The thermoelectric generator according to claim 1, characterized in that a radiator is used as a heating device of the heating system, consisting of single or multi-channel sections connected to each other.
3. The thermoelectric generator according to claim 1, characterized in that water is used as the heat carrier of the heating system.
4. The thermoelectric generator according to claim 1, characterized in that steam is used as the heat carrier of the heating system.
5. The thermoelectric generator according to claim 1, characterized in that oil is used as the heat carrier of the heating system.
6. The thermoelectric generator according to claim 1, characterized in that as the cooled air circulating inside the "cold" heat exchanger, use air from the outside of the building.
Figure 00000001
RU2010118379/06U 2010-05-06 2010-05-06 Thermoelectric generator RU101163U1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2010118379/06U RU101163U1 (en) 2010-05-06 2010-05-06 Thermoelectric generator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2010118379/06U RU101163U1 (en) 2010-05-06 2010-05-06 Thermoelectric generator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
RU101163U1 true RU101163U1 (en) 2011-01-10

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
RU2010118379/06U RU101163U1 (en) 2010-05-06 2010-05-06 Thermoelectric generator

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RU (1) RU101163U1 (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2542608C1 (en) * 2013-08-15 2015-02-20 Федеральное Государственное Бюджетное Образовательное Учреждение Высшего Профессионального Образования "Дагестанский Государственный Технический Университет" (Дгту) Ac voltage converter
RU2542606C1 (en) * 2013-08-13 2015-02-20 Федеральное Государственное Бюджетное Образовательное Учреждение Высшего Профессионального Образования "Дагестанский Государственный Технический Университет" (Дгту) Ac voltage converter
RU2542592C1 (en) * 2013-08-15 2015-02-20 Федеральное Государственное Бюджетное Образовательное Учреждение Высшего Профессионального Образования "Дагестанский Государственный Технический Университет" (Дгту) Ac voltage converter
RU2542616C1 (en) * 2013-08-15 2015-02-20 Федеральное Государственное Бюджетное Образовательное Учреждение Высшего Профессионального Образования "Дагестанский Государственный Технический Университет" (Дгту) Ac voltage converter
RU2542609C1 (en) * 2013-08-15 2015-02-20 Федеральное Государственное Бюджетное Образовательное Учреждение Высшего Профессионального Образования "Дагестанский Государственный Технический Университет" (Дгту) Ac voltage converter
RU2548381C2 (en) * 2013-08-13 2015-04-20 Федеральное Государственное Бюджетное Образовательное Учреждение Высшего Профессионального Образования "Дагестанский Государственный Технический Университет" (Дгту) Ac voltage converter
RU2557363C1 (en) * 2014-01-09 2015-07-20 Федеральное Государственное Бюджетное Образовательное Учреждение Высшего Профессионального Образования "Дагестанский Государственный Технический Университет" (Дгту) Ac voltage rectifier
RU2610819C1 (en) * 2015-12-28 2017-02-15 Елена Анатольевна Ленкова Systems of independent electric supply for units of thermal power plant
RU2630069C1 (en) * 2016-04-11 2017-09-05 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Юго-Западный государственный университет" (ЮЗГУ) Complex electric generating heating device
RU2710210C1 (en) * 2019-06-13 2019-12-25 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Юго-Западный государственный университет" (ЮЗГУ) Electric generating heater

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2542606C1 (en) * 2013-08-13 2015-02-20 Федеральное Государственное Бюджетное Образовательное Учреждение Высшего Профессионального Образования "Дагестанский Государственный Технический Университет" (Дгту) Ac voltage converter
RU2548381C2 (en) * 2013-08-13 2015-04-20 Федеральное Государственное Бюджетное Образовательное Учреждение Высшего Профессионального Образования "Дагестанский Государственный Технический Университет" (Дгту) Ac voltage converter
RU2542608C1 (en) * 2013-08-15 2015-02-20 Федеральное Государственное Бюджетное Образовательное Учреждение Высшего Профессионального Образования "Дагестанский Государственный Технический Университет" (Дгту) Ac voltage converter
RU2542592C1 (en) * 2013-08-15 2015-02-20 Федеральное Государственное Бюджетное Образовательное Учреждение Высшего Профессионального Образования "Дагестанский Государственный Технический Университет" (Дгту) Ac voltage converter
RU2542616C1 (en) * 2013-08-15 2015-02-20 Федеральное Государственное Бюджетное Образовательное Учреждение Высшего Профессионального Образования "Дагестанский Государственный Технический Университет" (Дгту) Ac voltage converter
RU2542609C1 (en) * 2013-08-15 2015-02-20 Федеральное Государственное Бюджетное Образовательное Учреждение Высшего Профессионального Образования "Дагестанский Государственный Технический Университет" (Дгту) Ac voltage converter
RU2557363C1 (en) * 2014-01-09 2015-07-20 Федеральное Государственное Бюджетное Образовательное Учреждение Высшего Профессионального Образования "Дагестанский Государственный Технический Университет" (Дгту) Ac voltage rectifier
RU2610819C1 (en) * 2015-12-28 2017-02-15 Елена Анатольевна Ленкова Systems of independent electric supply for units of thermal power plant
RU2630069C1 (en) * 2016-04-11 2017-09-05 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Юго-Западный государственный университет" (ЮЗГУ) Complex electric generating heating device
RU2710210C1 (en) * 2019-06-13 2019-12-25 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Юго-Западный государственный университет" (ЮЗГУ) Electric generating heater

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MM1K Utility model has become invalid (non-payment of fees)

Effective date: 20120507