PT105014A - Block for construction of partial walls and their application process - Google Patents

Block for construction of partial walls and their application process Download PDF

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Publication number
PT105014A
PT105014A PT10501410A PT10501410A PT105014A PT 105014 A PT105014 A PT 105014A PT 10501410 A PT10501410 A PT 10501410A PT 10501410 A PT10501410 A PT 10501410A PT 105014 A PT105014 A PT 105014A
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PT
Portugal
Prior art keywords
block
construction
halves
horizontal
female
Prior art date
Application number
PT10501410A
Other languages
Portuguese (pt)
Inventor
Said Jalali
Aires Fernando Fernandes Leite Camoes Azevedo
Graca De Fatima Moreira De Vasconcelos
Paulo Jorge Figueira De Almeida Urbano De Mendonca
Rute Maria Goncalves Eires
Paulo Jose Brandao Barbosa Lourenco
Ricardo Filipe Mesquita Da Silva Mateus
Maria Manuela De Oliveira Guedes De Almeida
Luis Braganca
Paulo Guilherme De Sousa Falcao Estrada
Jose Teves Vieira
Paulo Jorge Tavares Almirante
Glendon Roy Burgess
Jose Manuel Martins De Carvalho
Original Assignee
Univ Do Minho
Biosafe Ind De Reciclagens S A
Sofalca Sociedade Central De Produtos De Cortica Lda
Pegop En Electrica S A
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Univ Do Minho, Biosafe Ind De Reciclagens S A, Sofalca Sociedade Central De Produtos De Cortica Lda, Pegop En Electrica S A filed Critical Univ Do Minho
Priority to PT10501410A priority Critical patent/PT105014A/en
Publication of PT105014A publication Critical patent/PT105014A/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • E04B2/16Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position
    • E04B2/18Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position by interlocking of projections or inserts with indentations, e.g. of tongues, grooves, dovetails
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0202Details of connections
    • E04B2002/0204Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections
    • E04B2002/0206Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections of rectangular shape

Abstract

The present invention consists of a shape block and innovative geometry for partition walls, without structural function, and is suitable for walls with a resistive function. THE WALLS MAY BE USED FOR NEW CONSTRUCTION OR AS A SOLUTION FOR REHABILITATION, THE BLOCK MAY BE MANUFACTURED WITH COMPOSITE PLASTIC MATERIAL, BLACK CORK RUBBER AND TEXTILE FIBERS. THE BLOCK MIGHT ALSO BE MADE WITH OTHER MATERIALS, AS FOR EXAMPLE LIGHT CONCRETE (WITH EXPANDED CLAY OR OTHER MATERIAL LIGHT, INCLUDING BLACK CORK), SINCE IT COMES WITH A WEIGHT THAT POSSIBLE THE EASY HANDLING ON THE WORK AND WITH RESISTANCE ASSOCIATED WITH ITS NON-STRUCTURAL FUNCTION. IN THIS REQUEST A BLOCK OF RECTANGULAR FORM AND CONSTITUTED FOR TWO METHODS, WHICH JOINED BY ARGAMASSA OR PREFERENTIALLY BY A RESILIENT MATERIAL, FORM THE FINAL BLOCK WITH VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL DRILLING, IN ORDER TO POSSIBLE THE CONSTRUCTION BY PHASES AND THE EFFICIENT INTEGRATION OF THE INFRASTRUCTURES.

Description

constituted by pre-drillings for the passage of infrastructures.
In still more preferred embodiment, the partition wall construction block comprises polymeric parts for interconnecting the two halves.
In another preferred embodiment the partition wall construction block has insulation applied between the two halves of the block.
In another preferred embodiment the partition wall construction block may be fabricated from gypsum composite material, black regrowth of cork and textile fibers or light concrete (with expanded clay or other light material, including regranulated black cork).
In yet another preferred embodiment the partition wall construction block may be comprised of composite material resulting from the combination of materials considered as by-products of the tire recycling industry, the cork industry and thermoelectric power plants.
In another preferred embodiment, the partition wall building block may be L-shaped without recesses and without the core (2) composed of concave and convex shapes (3).
In another preferred embodiment, the partition wall construction block has a connection between the L-shaped block and a block of usual shape effected through a metal plate with a " female " (8) at one end containing bores in the contacting part with the structural member to effect the attachment through screws.
In the present invention there is further described the method of applying the partition wall construction block comprising the steps of: a) placing and seating one half of the block so that the smooth portion consists of the outer surface of the wall up to a height considered feasible in relation to the installation of the installations using a polymer mortar or plaster adhesive applied to the horizontal joints in the concave parts (3); b) placing the infrastructure; c) placing and setting the second half of the block, connecting it to the first half through the application of a bonding material, which may be the laying material placed in the horizontal joints.
In another preferred embodiment of the process described above for the application of the partition wall construction block, the interconnection of the blocks is effected by polymeric auxiliary pieces.
General Description of the Invention The present invention consists of a block of shape and innovative geometry for partition walls, without structural function, and adaptable to walls with resistant function. The walls may be used for new construction or as a solution for rehabilitation, the block being made of gypsum composite material, regranulated black cork and textile fibers. The block may also be made of other materials, such as lightweight concrete (with expanded clay or other light material, including black regrowth of cork), provided that it is compatible with a weight that allows for easy handling on site and with resistances associated with its construction. non-structural function. Whatever the material used, the solution developed should always appeal to the sustainability of the final solution. The geometry of the wall construction system is based on the following objectives: (1) obtaining a light block leading to a higher working yield; (2) simplification of the construction technology in order to perform the wall only as simple assembly of fitting parts; (3) facility to incorporate facilities (electrical, communications, water), which generally requires the opening of rotors, in order to reduce material waste and (4) improve acoustic behavior between contiguous buildings. The proposed invention may be used in association with another structural masonry system provided that the location of the premises is concentrated on the non-resistive partition walls. Although in this specific case of non-structural walls, the opening of slabs does not have structural implications, it clearly has influence in the waste of material, being considered a non rational solution of accommodation of the electrical installations. 10
As a solution, there is a block of rectangular shape and constituted by two halves (Figure 1a and Figure 1b), which are joined by mortar or preferably by a resilient material, form the final block with vertical and horizontal drilling, in order to phase-out and the efficient integration of infrastructures. By integration is meant the provision of space needed to install the infrastructure using the least waste of material possible when installing. The dimensions adopted for each half of the block were conditioned by the maximum weight considered reasonable for the proper handling on site and to obtain an adequate profitability of work in order to lead to an economically viable solution. In order to have a block with a total weight not exceeding 16 kg, it was decided to propose a width of 600mm, a height of 300mm and a total thickness of 140mm (connection of two halves of 70mm). It should be noted that weight is an important feature in terms of ergonomics and can condition the profitability of work, there being a clear trend of reducing the weight of materials to handle in construction. Since the construction of the walls is done in phases, by means of the staggered laying of each half of the block, making a wall cloth, the weight of the workman can be manipulated by 8 kg. These dimensions can be varied depending on the material used and in function of the metric of 150mm, being possible to obtain blocks from 450mmx300mmxl40mm up to 600mmx600mmxl40mm.
Each half of the block consists of an association of two parts with distinct shapes: an outer part of rectangular shape 11 with constant thickness (Figure 1a) and an inner part of variable thickness and constituted by concave and convex curvilinear shapes (3) whose purpose is to define the vertical and horizontal drilling for accommodation of the infrastructures (Figure 1b). The concave parts (3) are also intended to strengthen the connection between the two halves and give the block a monolithic behavior. In addition to the concave discs, the connection between the two halves of the block is made in the perimeter of the inner part (4) consisting of a continuous edge (Figure 1b). The connection between the two halves must be carried out through the plaster mortar used for laying the blocks or alternatively by a polymer mortar which guarantees adequate compressive strength of the block and block masonry. Auxiliaries (see Figure 2) can be used to facilitate the connection between cloths during the construction of the wall, contributing to the stabilization of the wall during construction. The block has bevelled male-female grooves (7, 8) throughout the perimeter, being continuous in the vertical joint and discontinuous in the horizontal joint. The horizontal discontinuity is justified by the intention of passing the infrastructures. This type of fitting is intended to facilitate the laying on site, increasing the efficiency of the construction process. The development of the wall construction system leads to the need to create special parts in order to respond to all current constructional demands in the construction of walls. In the case of partition walls, they must be disconnected from the structure at the contact edge with the top and base slabs in order to avoid transfer of vertical loads through the slabs. However, the walls are to be connected to the side members in such a way as to guarantee resistance to off-plane actions in the case of dynamic horizontal loads (earthquakes) and impact actions. This connection requires the creation of special parts to ensure connection to the lateral structural elements, such as the pillars. In addition to the connecting metal parts, different types of auxiliary blocks were also defined that allow an efficient assembly of the walls, avoiding adaptations in work and contributing to the rigor of execution and significant decrease of material wastes. Method of construction: The present constructive process consists of three phases, namely: (1) laying and laying of the first facing (half of the block) up to a height that is considered feasible in relation to the installation of the installations. The laying is done with a laying material, which may be a mortar or plaster adhesive applied to the horizontal joints and additionally auxiliary pieces with the geometry indicated in Figure 2 can be placed to facilitate the stabilization of the walls during construction of the 2nd wall facing. The use of dry joint for vertical joints is foreseen, taking advantage of the existence of continuous male-female joints; (2) placement of infrastructures; (3) laying and laying of the second facing and attachment to the first facing by applying a bonding material, which may be the laying material placed in the horizontal joints and additionally through the polymeric auxiliary pieces (Figure 2).
Brief description of the figures
Figure 1 - Detail of the geometry of the block in which (a) corresponds to the outer face of the block and (b) the inner face of the block in which the reference numerals indicate: 1 - rectangular block outer plate; 2 - nucleus constituted by the association of the concave and convex forms; 3 - details of the concave and convex parts; 4 - connection perimeter between the two halves of the block; 5 - male discontinuous fittings on the horizontal edge; 6 - pre-drilling for the passage of the installations.
Figure 2 - Auxiliary part in polymeric material to improve the phase construction process.
Figure 3 - Whole block consisting of the assembly of the two halves.
Figure 4 - Detail of the geometry of the perimeter of the blocks (a) horizontal edges of the block (half block plan); (b) vertical edges (side elevation of half of the block) where reference numerals indicate: 5 - horizontal discontinuous notches on the horizontal edge; 6 - pre-drilling for installation of the installations; 14 7 - male fittings "; 8 - "female" fittings ".
Figure 5 - Fitting solutions. Detail of male / female fit.
Figure 6 - Appearance of half of the block resulting from the association of the pressed plate and shaped part in which the reference numerals indicate: 9 - pressed plate; 10 - molded core.
Figure 7 - Shape and geometry of half block (halves)
Figure 8 - Shape and geometry of the corner block
Figure 9 - Connection between corner block and the current block. Geometry of metallic profile of corner reinforcement and its application in which the reference numbers indicate: 11 - detail of the connection through sheet metal.
Figure 10 - Connection of the wall to a structural element through metal sheets. Geometry of reinforcing metal profile close to abutment and its application where reference numbers indicate: 12 - detail of the connection; 13 - drilling in the contact part of the sheet with the vertical structural element; 14 - detail of the part of the female plate of the plate in contact with the block. 15
Detailed description of the invention
A more detailed description of the invention will be presented in this section. The block is rectangular in shape and consists of two halves (with the same shape and geometry) (Figure 1a and Figure 1b) and which together form the final block with vertical and horizontal drilling (Figure 2), in order to enable the construction in phases and the efficient integration of infrastructures. The inner face has a geometry composed of a 20 mm thick perimeter (Fig. 1b) and a core 2 consisting of a set of concave and convex corrugated surfaces 3 alternating with a 150mm grid (Fig. 1b). The size of the above-mentioned grid has been defined based on the usual diameters of the electrical and hydraulic installations and is intended to enable them to be properly placed. The indicated perimeter (4) was defined from the definition of the geometry and dimensions of the core (2) of the inner part of the block. The geometry formed by convex surfaces (3) on the inner face of each half of the block thus form channels for infrastructures installation, with a modular and flexible design, allowing the change of plots and overlapping plumbing, when necessary. The shape and geometry of the concave and convex surfaces (3) of the inner part of the block is determined by the diameter, radius of curvature and layout of the infrastructures to be integrated. The block also has a clearance, so that, in case of intersection of plumbing lines, it is possible to overlap pipes. The continuous perimeter (4) has the purpose of connecting the two halves of the block, assuring the monolithic operation of the block and ensuring the stability between blocks, while the core (2) allows to lighten the part in a process similar to the drilling. The connection of the two halves of the block can be accomplished by the additional application of plaster mortar or polymer mortar (which functions as a resilient element) in the concave (disc-shaped) parts to ensure stability of the block and walls for their weight vertical loads transmitted by the slabs. In addition, polymeric connecting pieces between the two halves may be placed as shown in Figure 2 so as to reinforce the connection and facilitate the constructional process in phases, ensuring greater stability during the construction of the second wall cloth. The contact surfaces between the blocks at the level of the vertical and horizontal joints are constituted by male-female fittings (7, 8) (m / f) and pre-drilling for infrastructures (6). The placement of male-female fittings is intended to facilitate wall mounting by increasing rigidity in the alignment of the blocks and reducing the amount of laying mortar. It is envisaged that at least at the level of the vertical joints there are situations where no connecting material is placed, the connection between the blocks being only carried through the fittings. The horizontal edge fittings are discontinuous in the width of the block in order to promote a more rigorous laying, essential to ensure the vertical alignment of the space for the infrastructures (see Figure 1a and Figure 4a). The geometry of the male-female grooves (7, 8) of the horizontal joint consists of a trapezoidal section shape with rounded tops (Figure 1, Figure 4b and Figure 5). The m / f grooves (7, 8) have a height of 13 mm, a length of 80 mm and a thickness of 20 mm at the base, increasing to 15 mm at the top. These dimensions were defined based on the geometric proportions of each half of the block so as to provide adequate seating of the blocks, facilitate mold mold block demoulding, and avoid mitered edges to eliminate or reduce possible damage during shipment of the blocks. The upright edges also have male-female inserts (7, 8) and pre-perforations (6). However, unlike the horizontal edges, the m / f (7, 8) edges of the vertical edges are continuous along the height of the block, functioning as guides in the wall mounting and as a stabilizer. The trapezoidal shape and geometry of the m / f (7, 8) groove of the vertical edges is equal to that of the horizontal edge grooves and the length is equal to the height of the block (Figure 4a).
Since the system is intended to be used in non-structural partition walls, the block may consist of composite material resulting from the combination of materials considered as by-products of the tire recycling industry (textile fibers), cork industry (black cork regrowth) and of thermoelectric power plants (gypsum resulting from desulphurisation), for use in the construction of partition walls. The composite material will result from the combination in different percentages of gypsum (FGD) or normal gypsum of construction, black regrowth of cork and textile fibers, in order to be able to obtain a material suitable for use in blocks for non-structural purposes. If the gypsum-based composite material is used, the block may result from a molding process or from a mixed pressing and molding process. In the first possibility the block will be integrally molded with the composite material. In the second situation, the block results from the attachment of a pressed gypsum board having a thickness of 12 to 15 mm to a core of molded composite material (10) that takes the internal shape constituted by an association of concave and convex shapes (3) of according to the previously described (Figure 6). It is envisaged that in both solutions the outer surface will be completely flat and therefore offer a practically finished finish. However, in cases where it is necessary, the surface is to be finished with a plaster mortar. The mixed block with pressed board 9 and molded core 10 has a uniaxial compression strength range of 1.5 to 2.5 MPa, while the molded block has a strength range of 1.3 to 1, 7 to 14 days. These values are compatible with the intended use in non-structural partitions or walls and are comparable to the values of non-structural masonry blocks on the market. After being demolded, the blocks can be cured at room temperature or in an oven at a temperature between 30 ° and 40 °. The constructive process, which is simple, is closely related to the initial objective of introducing efficient infrastructures. Thus, it is required to install a wall as a guide for wall installation, the laying of half the wall (seating one half of the block) taking advantage of the fitting solution and the use of a joint grout horizontally, to the level where the installation of the infrastructures is appropriate. After installation of the infrastructures, the second wall cloth is laid and connected to the first cloth already laid through a mortar in the perimeter (4) and in the concave area and through the auxiliary part shown in Figure 2. A The remaining height of the wall can be constructed by simultaneous seating and connecting the two halves of the block. The wall solution may have different applications. The new wall solution consists of the application of the block consisting of two halves making a total wall thickness of 140mm in the case of partition walls. Between the two block halves insulation can be applied to allow better acoustic and / or thermal performance. The wall rehabilitation solution consists of the application of only half of the block placed with the inner face against the wall to be rehabilitated. The thickness of this solution is 70mm, also allowing the integration of infrastructures.
The different auxiliary pieces required for the construction of the wall have the following characteristics: 1. The half block consisting of the adaptation of the original block, reducing the width to half, making the measurements 300mm wide, 300mm high and 70mm deep ( Figure 6). The half block is intended to avoid cutting of the entire block 20 so as to enable starting or stopping the laying of a course if the traditional apparatus is used (masonry to be assembled in " counter-spinning "). In cases where the metric of the blocks is not respected and the back piece needs to have less than 300mm, this part allows a lot of waste reduction compared to the whole block. 2. The corner block consists of the adaptation of an entire block and a half block, in a corner situation (Figure 7). It is a "L" piece, which for reasons of compatibility and rationalization was designed without recesses and without the core (2) composed of concave and convex shapes (3). The non-insertion of inserts allows one-piece compatibility with all possible combinations (male-female). It allows, on the other hand, to take advantage of the corners to, in a situation of auction, to correct imperfections or failures in the metric of the system. This ensures that the edge of the corner, fragile by nature, comes out reinforced and with quality of execution. The connection of this special block to the block must be made by means of a metal plate (9) fixed with screws in order to guarantee continuity of the wall (Figure 8). 3. In order to contribute to the structural safety of the system, especially when the walls are subjected to seismic action, a metal plate, predictably executed in galvanized steel, has been developed (Figure 9). This piece is 100mm long, 50mm wide, about 1mm to 2mm thick, with a "female" type fitting " (8) at one end containing bores in the contacting part with the structural member to effect the attachment through screws. This plate will be used to connect the corner block to the structural confinement elements, namely reinforced concrete frames and steel frames (Figure 9). The plate should be bent to ensure its shape in " L ". Both pieces will be applied in the area of the joint between blocks, being fixed by screws.
Lisbon, March 16, 2011 22

Claims (13)

  1. A partition wall building block, characterized in that it comprises two halves with the same geometry, each half having a core (2) of variable thickness consisting of alternating concave and convex curvilinear shapes (3), male-female fittings ( 7, 8) bevelled and circular perforations for passing infrastructures and an outer part of rectangular shape that presents constant thickness.
  2. A block according to claim 1, characterized in that the joint between the two halves is effected by the application of plaster mortar and / or polymer mortar on the perimeter of the inner part (4) consisting of a continuous edge, thus forming the block with vertical and horizontal drilling.
  3. Block according to the preceding claims, characterized in that the male-female grooves (7, 8) have a trapezoidal section and the peripheral points are rounded.
  4. Block according to the preceding claims, characterized in that the male-female grooves (7, 8) which are on the vertical edge are continuous and those on the horizontal edge are discontinuous.
  5. A block according to the previous claims, characterized in that the contact surfaces between the blocks at the level of the vertical and horizontal joints are for passage of prior claims, polymeric parts for prior claims, insulation between the two constituted by pre- hurricanes structures.
  6. A block according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that it comprises interconnection of the two halves.
  7. A block according to the characterized in that half of the block is applied.
  8. A block according to the preceding claims, characterized in that it is made of gypsum composite material, black regrowth of cork and textile fibers or lightweight concrete (with expanded clay or other light material, also regranulated black cork).
  9. A block according to the preceding claims, characterized in that it is composed of composite material resulting from the combination of materials considered as by-products of the tire recycling industry, the cork industry and thermoelectric power stations.
  10. A block according to the preceding claims, characterized in that it is L-shaped without recesses and without the core (2) composed of concave and convex shapes (3).
  11. A block according to the preceding claim, characterized in that the connection between this L-shaped block and a block of usual shape is effected through a metal plate with a " female " (8) at one end containing bores in the contacting part with the structural member to effect the attachment through screws.
  12. A method of applying the block comprising the following steps: a) placing and seating one half of the block so that the smooth part consists of the outer surface of the wall up to a height considered feasible in relation to the placement of the facilities making use of a polymer mortar or plaster adhesive applied to the horizontal joints in the concave parts (3); b) placing the infrastructure; c) placing and setting the second half of the block, connecting it to the first half through the application of a bonding material, which may be the laying material placed in the horizontal joints.
  13. A method according to the preceding claim, characterized in that the interconnection of the blocks is carried out by polymeric auxiliary parts. Lisbon, July 21, 2011 3
PT10501410A 2010-03-16 2010-03-16 Block for construction of partial walls and their application process PT105014A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PT10501410A PT105014A (en) 2010-03-16 2010-03-16 Block for construction of partial walls and their application process

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PT10501410A PT105014A (en) 2010-03-16 2010-03-16 Block for construction of partial walls and their application process
EP20110755772 EP2549027A2 (en) 2010-03-16 2011-03-16 Partition building block and method of use
PCT/IB2011/051105 WO2011114301A2 (en) 2010-03-16 2011-03-16 Partition building block and method of use

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
PT105014A true PT105014A (en) 2011-09-16

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PT10501410A PT105014A (en) 2010-03-16 2010-03-16 Block for construction of partial walls and their application process

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EP (1) EP2549027A2 (en)
PT (1) PT105014A (en)
WO (1) WO2011114301A2 (en)

Cited By (2)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
PT106412A (en) * 2012-06-28 2013-12-30 Univ Do Minho Adaptable panel divisions system and construction method
CN106245819A (en) * 2016-09-26 2016-12-21 陈静 Cellular steel case concrete walls plate module and preparation method thereof and body of wall

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
PT109348B (en) * 2016-04-22 2020-09-25 Universidade De Aveiro MODULAR CONSTRUCTION BLOCKS AND SYSTEM

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US738643A (en) * 1902-08-18 1903-09-08 Benjamin F Van Camp Building-block.
US1981324A (en) 1933-03-23 1934-11-20 Elrey G Peterson Interlocking partition block
FR2219633A5 (en) 1973-02-23 1974-09-20 Sopreba
DE2626859A1 (en) * 1976-06-16 1977-12-29 Paulus Masonry brick for accommodating pipes and cables - has groove pattern in one face for making straight or staggered courses
DE3832498C2 (en) * 1988-09-24 1993-07-01 Alfred 8752 Moembris De Pistner
DE29515577U1 (en) * 1995-09-29 1996-02-01 Kalksandsteinwerke Birkenmeier Masonry stone / kit
ES2170612B2 (en) 1999-09-14 2003-09-16 Univ Madrid Politecnica Plaster lighted with cork and its application in panels for construction.
ES1058793Y (en) 2004-04-16 2005-06-01 Fernandez Jose Moreno Macizo block of plaster paste or escayola, machihembrado and bezeled, for the construction of interior board and molds for manufacturing.
DE202004007217U1 (en) * 2004-05-06 2005-01-05 Kralj, Peter Building brick, has recesses forming horizontal or vertical channels, and holes for insertion of device boxes, e.g. for receiving light switches or plug sockets
CN201176660Y (en) 2008-03-27 2009-01-07 彭代汉 Light gypsum hollow partition building block
CN201343815Y (en) 2009-01-19 2009-11-11 成都市旭普装饰材料厂 Gypsum block
ES2324456B1 (en) * 2009-02-03 2010-03-12 Rafael Garcia Quesada PRESSED CERAMIC BRICK PREPARED FOR LOCATION OF INSTALLATIONS WITHOUT OPENING OF ROZAS.

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
PT106412A (en) * 2012-06-28 2013-12-30 Univ Do Minho Adaptable panel divisions system and construction method
CN106245819A (en) * 2016-09-26 2016-12-21 陈静 Cellular steel case concrete walls plate module and preparation method thereof and body of wall
CN106245819B (en) * 2016-09-26 2018-06-29 陈静 Cellular steel case concrete walls plate module and preparation method thereof and wall

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Publication number Publication date
WO2011114301A3 (en) 2012-01-12
WO2011114301A2 (en) 2011-09-22
EP2549027A2 (en) 2013-01-23

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