KR20100038767A - Firewood boiler - Google Patents

Firewood boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20100038767A
KR20100038767A KR1020080097856A KR20080097856A KR20100038767A KR 20100038767 A KR20100038767 A KR 20100038767A KR 1020080097856 A KR1020080097856 A KR 1020080097856A KR 20080097856 A KR20080097856 A KR 20080097856A KR 20100038767 A KR20100038767 A KR 20100038767A
Authority
KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
flue
fire
firebox
chamber
water
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020080097856A
Other languages
Korean (ko)
Inventor
이극동
Original Assignee
이극동
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 이극동 filed Critical 이극동
Priority to KR1020080097856A priority Critical patent/KR20100038767A/en
Publication of KR20100038767A publication Critical patent/KR20100038767A/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23BMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTION USING ONLY SOLID FUEL
    • F23B60/00Combustion apparatus in which the fuel burns essentially without moving
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23BMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTION USING ONLY SOLID FUEL
    • F23B80/00Combustion apparatus characterised by means creating a distinct flow path for flue gases or for non-combusted gases given off by the fuel
    • F23B80/04Combustion apparatus characterised by means creating a distinct flow path for flue gases or for non-combusted gases given off by the fuel by means for guiding the flow of flue gases, e.g. baffles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H1/00Water heaters having heat generating means, e.g. boiler, flow- heater, water-storage heater
    • F24H1/22Water heaters other than continuous-flow or water storage heaters, e.g. water-heaters for central heating
    • F24H1/34Water heaters other than continuous-flow or water storage heaters, e.g. water-heaters for central heating with water chamber arranged adjacent to the combustion chamber or chambers, e.g. above or at side
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/0005Details for water heaters
    • F24H9/001Guiding means
    • F24H9/0026Guiding means in combustion gas channels
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/18Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements
    • F24H9/1809Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements for water heaters
    • F24H9/1845Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements for water heaters solid combustible heating means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23BMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTION USING ONLY SOLID FUEL
    • F23B2700/00Combustion apparatus for solid fuel
    • F23B2700/003Combustion apparatus for solid fuel adapted for use in water-tube boilers

Abstract

PURPOSE: A firewood boiler is provided to improve thermal transfer efficiency for transferring inner heat of a flue and a firebox to a water chamber. CONSTITUTION: A firewood boiler(2) comprises a fire chamber(6), a flue(8), a water chamber(16), a first and a second communicating water tube(22,24), and a refractory panel(26). The fire chamber has a fire chamber door(10). The flue is formed in a zigzag shape to an outlet flue part(20). The flue has a cleaning door(12). The water chamber covers the fire wall around the flue and the fire chamber. The first communicating water tube crosses left and right water chamber. The first communicating water tubes divide the fire chamber and the flue. The second communicating water tubes divide the flue in the zigzag shape. The refractory panel is fixed on the first and the second communicating water tube.

Description

Firewood Boiler {FIREWOOD BOILER}

The present invention relates to a boiler, and in particular, to wood and lignite as a firewood raw material, and to improve the wood fired boiler so that the wood vinegar or soot generated during combustion of the wood raw material can be removed in the firebox and the flue.

In recent years, the use of coal fired boilers is increasing due to the increase in the cost of raw materials such as oil and gas, and also often serves as a combined boiler connected with oil or gas boilers.

Existing firewood boilers take a lot of time to burn the firewood, which is a firewood, and raise it to the heating temperature desired by the user.In addition, smoke or soot generated by burning the firewood is stuck to the firebox (combustion chamber) or the flue. The ashes remain in the firebox and must be cleaned.

Various measures have been taken to solve this problem, and one example thereof is Korean Patent No. 10-0813130, "Film Boiler." In Korean Patent No. 10-0813130, "Hwamok Boiler," the internal design structure of the exhaust communication is realized to realize the complete combustion of the exhaust gas, and by improving the exhaust path, it is possible to quickly heat the water in the water tank to achieve high thermal efficiency. It is disclosed to have.

Conventional firewood boilers including the domestic patent as described above is provided with a blister on the wall around the firebox and the year connected to the firebox, so that the heat generated by burning fire in the firebox heat exchanges with the water of the blister, Let it warm up.

However, since the temperature of the water in the blister is naturally lower than the heat of the firebox and the flue, wood vinegar or soot is attached to the fire wall around the firebox and the flue due to the influence of water having a low temperature. In particular, in the vicinity of the year is much lower than the heat of the firebox, more wood liquor and soot will stick to the surrounding fire wall. When the wood vinegar and soot is attached to the fire wall around the firebox and the flue, the efficiency of heat transfer to the water in the blister decreases.

Therefore, the user should clean the wood vinegar and soot accumulated in the firebox or year from time to time and remove the ash on the bottom of the firebox quickly. If the amount of wood vinegar and soot that accumulates on the fire wall around the year can be minimized, the heat transfer efficiency will be higher and the cleaning will be less.

Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide an improved firewood boiler so as to minimize the accumulation of wood vinegar and soot that accumulate in the fire wall around the firebox or flue in implementing firewood boilers.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a firewood boiler having an improved structure for improving heat transfer efficiency for transferring heat in a firebox and flue to a blister and minimizing cleaning of the firebox and flue.

According to the present invention for achieving the above object, in the firewood boiler, the firebox 6 having the firebox door 10 in the main body 4 and the firebox 6 are formed in a zigzag to the outlet communication portion 20 in series. And a blister (16) covering the flue (8) having a cleaning door (12), and a firebox (6) and a surrounding fire wall of the flue (8); 22 are formed so that the firebox 6 and the flue 8 are partitioned, and the second fluctuation pipes 24 are formed to cross the left and right blisters 16 above the first fluctuating pipes 22. 8) is divided into zigzag, and characterized in that the refractory plate body 26 is mounted on the first and second communication water pipes 22 and 24 to be fixed.

The present invention can minimize the accumulation of wood vinegar and soot to be accumulated on the fire wall around the firebox or the year, the heat transfer efficiency to transfer the heat in the firebox and the year to the blister has the advantage to minimize the cleaning of the firebox and year have.

Hereinafter, exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

1 is a perspective view of a firewood boiler according to an embodiment of the present invention, Figure 2 is a side cross-sectional view of Figure 1, Figure 3 is a front sectional view of FIG.

The firewood boiler 2 according to the embodiment of the present invention includes a firebox 6 having a firebox door 10 and a flue 8 having a cleaning door 12 in the main body 4, and the firebox 6 and It is provided with a blister 16 surrounding the surrounding fire wall of the flue (8). The fire chamber 6 is a combustion chamber in which wood wood or lignite is put into combustion and is widely formed in the main body 4, and the flue 8 is connected to the fire chamber 6 and is formed in a zigzag up to the outlet communication portion 20.

In the configuration of the firebox 6 and the flue 8 according to the embodiment of the present invention, a plurality of first communication pipes 22 crossing the left and right blisters 16 are formed and a fireproof plate 26 is placed thereon. Configure to be fixed. In addition, in forming the flue 8 in a zigzag manner, a plurality of second communication pipes 24 that cross the left and right blisters 16 are formed above the first communication water pipe 22, and a fireproof plate 26 is formed thereon. It is put up and fixed.

By forming the first and second communicating water pipes 22 and 24 across the left and right blisters 16, not only the combustion heat generated in the fire chamber 6 is applied to the left and right and rear fire walls, but also the ceiling of the fire chamber 6 is formed. The heat transfer efficiency to the blister 16 is increased by being applied to the first communication water pipe 22 as described above. In addition, the heat that goes to the outlet communication section 20 through the flue 8 connected to the firebox 6 is applied to the left and right and rear fire walls of the flue 8 as well as to the second communication pipe 24 so that the blister 16 The heat transfer efficiency of the part is further increased.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, the refractory plate body 26 mounted on and fixed to the first and second communication water pipes 22 and 24 has a refractory material such as a castor on the outer metal frame 30 as shown in FIG. 4. It is poured and cured and formed the refractory board 32, The metal frame 30 is comprised so that it may be welded and fixed to the 1st, 2nd communicating water pipe 22 in the main body 4, or the metal plate of a fire wall.

In the present invention, the fireproof material is poured into the bottom of the fire chamber 6 to form the fireproof material bottom portion 28.

Refractory material constituting the refractory plate body 26 and the fireproof material bottom portion 28 of the bottom of the fire chamber 6 fixed on the first and second communicating water pipes 22 and 24 is good enough to withstand high temperatures of 1300 ° C. and is durable. And heat resistance. In addition, the radiant heat absorption is strong so that it does not cool well and does not take the internal heat to the outside, the thermal conductivity to the inner blister 16 is very high.

In particular, in the present invention, when firewood is put into the firebox 6 and burned off due to the high heat absorption of the fireproof plate 26 and the fireproof bottom 28, the surrounding fire wall or flue 8 in the firebox 6 is burned. It burns completely without giving room for vinegar and soot to accumulate in the surrounding walls. Therefore, the fire wall around the fire chamber 6 or the fire wall around the flue 8 does not accumulate wood vinegar or soot, thereby increasing the heat transfer efficiency to the blister 16, and furthermore, the fireproof plate 26 and the fireproof floor 26 which are heated up. High heat can further enhance the heat transfer efficiency to the blister 16.

Accordingly, the user can also reduce the cleaning of the year (8) through the cleaning door 12 as compared to the existing and also reduce the re-cleaning accumulated in the firebox (6).

In the drawings, reference numeral "34", which is not described, denotes a heating water outlet, and "36" denotes a heat exchanger for using hot water from the outside, and a heat exchange corrugated pipe 38 is installed inside the heat exchanger 36. "40" is a heating water thermostat, "42" is a pressure escape tube.

While the present invention has been described in connection with what is presently considered to be practical exemplary embodiments, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the disclosed embodiments. Therefore, the scope of the present invention should not be defined by the described embodiments, but should be determined by the equivalent of claims and claims.

The present invention can be used in a coal fired boiler and lignite boiler.

1 is a firewood boiler perspective view according to an embodiment of the present invention,

2 is a side cross-sectional view of FIG.

3 is a front sectional view of FIG. 1;

4 is a perspective view of a fireproof plate.

 <Explanation of symbols for the main parts of the drawings>

(2)-firewood boiler (4)-main body

(6)-firebox (8)-year

(10)-fire door (12)-cleaning door

(16)-blister (20)-outlet communication

(22) (24)-First and second communication pipes (26)-Refractory plate

(30)-metal frame (32)-fireproof plate

Claims (2)

  1. In a firewood boiler,
    The fire chamber 6 having the fire door 10 in the main body 4, the flue 8 formed with the cleaning door 12 in a zigzag form to the outlet communication part 20 in series with the fire chamber 6, and the fire chamber ( 6) and blisters 16 surrounding the surrounding fire wall of the year 8, the first communication water pipes 22 are formed to cross the left and right blister 16 so that the fire chamber 6 and the year 8 are partitioned. The second communication water pipes 24 are formed to cross the blisters 16 on the left and right sides of the first communication water pipes 22, and the flue 8 is divided into zigzag, and the first and second communication water are formed. Firewood boiler, characterized in that the water pipes (22) and (24) on the refractory plate 26 is configured to be fixed.
  2. According to claim 1, wherein the refractory plate 26 is configured to have a metal frame 30 on the periphery of the pour-posited refractory plate 32, the metal frame 30 is configured to be welded and fixed to the body (4). A firewood boiler characterized by.
KR1020080097856A 2008-10-06 2008-10-06 Firewood boiler KR20100038767A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020080097856A KR20100038767A (en) 2008-10-06 2008-10-06 Firewood boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020080097856A KR20100038767A (en) 2008-10-06 2008-10-06 Firewood boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
KR20100038767A true KR20100038767A (en) 2010-04-15

Family

ID=42215428

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
KR1020080097856A KR20100038767A (en) 2008-10-06 2008-10-06 Firewood boiler

Country Status (1)

Country Link
KR (1) KR20100038767A (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101397435B1 (en) * 2014-01-23 2014-05-20 김칠기 Wood boiler using a pronciple of ondol
KR20150123445A (en) * 2014-04-25 2015-11-04 천승민 Stove with a hot water generation
CN106705093A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-24 广西芮芽科技有限公司 Heat supply equipment with good heat supply effect
CN106765057A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-31 广西芮芽科技有限公司 Using the heating system of biomass combustion
CN106801993A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-06-06 广西芮芽科技有限公司 Biomass combustion gasification heating installation
CN106838883A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-06-13 广西芮芽科技有限公司 The no-pollution heat supplying device of non-exhaust emission
CN106838992A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-06-13 广西芮芽科技有限公司 Biomass combustion energy-saving and emission-reduction heating system
CN107062203A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-08-18 广西芮芽科技有限公司 High-efficiency biomass burning furnace heating system
CN107062202A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-08-18 广西芮芽科技有限公司 The high heating plant of heat utilization rate

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101397435B1 (en) * 2014-01-23 2014-05-20 김칠기 Wood boiler using a pronciple of ondol
KR20150123445A (en) * 2014-04-25 2015-11-04 천승민 Stove with a hot water generation
CN106838992A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-06-13 广西芮芽科技有限公司 Biomass combustion energy-saving and emission-reduction heating system
CN106765057A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-31 广西芮芽科技有限公司 Using the heating system of biomass combustion
CN106801993A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-06-06 广西芮芽科技有限公司 Biomass combustion gasification heating installation
CN106838883A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-06-13 广西芮芽科技有限公司 The no-pollution heat supplying device of non-exhaust emission
CN106705093A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-24 广西芮芽科技有限公司 Heat supply equipment with good heat supply effect
CN107062203A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-08-18 广西芮芽科技有限公司 High-efficiency biomass burning furnace heating system
CN107062202A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-08-18 广西芮芽科技有限公司 The high heating plant of heat utilization rate
CN106705093B (en) * 2016-12-23 2018-10-09 杭州悦山科技有限公司 The good heating equipment of heating effect
CN106838992B (en) * 2016-12-23 2018-12-11 绍兴市亿跃智能科技有限公司 Biomass combustion energy-saving and emission-reduction heating system
CN106765057B (en) * 2016-12-23 2018-12-11 绍兴市亿跃智能科技有限公司 Utilize the heating system of biomass combustion
CN106801993B (en) * 2016-12-23 2019-07-05 山东合一环保科技有限公司 Biomass combustion gasification heating installation

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E601 Decision to refuse application