KR20090053020A - System for manufacturing organic fertilizer with cattle excrement - Google Patents

System for manufacturing organic fertilizer with cattle excrement Download PDF

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KR20090053020A
KR20090053020A KR1020070119630A KR20070119630A KR20090053020A KR 20090053020 A KR20090053020 A KR 20090053020A KR 1020070119630 A KR1020070119630 A KR 1020070119630A KR 20070119630 A KR20070119630 A KR 20070119630A KR 20090053020 A KR20090053020 A KR 20090053020A
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tank
liquid
fermentation
organic fertilizer
manure
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KR100909845B1 (en
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최재명
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오션 스타 주식회사
최재명
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F11/00Other organic fertilisers
    • C05F11/08Organic fertilisers containing added bacterial cultures, mycelia or the like
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/10Addition or removal of substances other than water or air to or from the material during the treatment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/40Treatment of liquids or slurries
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/60Heating or cooling during the treatment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G1/00Mixtures of fertilisers belonging individually to different subclasses of C05
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/10Solid or semi-solid fertilisers, e.g. powders
    • C05G5/12Granules or flakes

Abstract

본 발명은 축산 농가에서 배출되는 축산 분뇨를 이용하여 유기질 비료를 제조하는 시스템에 관한 것으로, 보다 상세하게는 폐기 처분되는 축분을 수거하여 수분과 악취를 줄인 후, 여기에 발효미생물(토착미생물), 수분조절재(쌀겨, 깻묵, 톱밥, 훈탄), 흙(황토 및 황토지장수), 유산균, 바닷물, 쌀뜨물 등을 혼합하고 발효시킴으로서, 작물 재배에 필요한 각종 영양분이 풍부하고 악취가 없는 유지질 비료를 제조할 수 있도록 한 시스템에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a system for producing organic fertilizers using livestock manure discharged from livestock farms, and more specifically, after collecting wastes disposed of in wastes to reduce moisture and odor, fermentation microorganisms (indigenous microorganisms), By mixing and fermenting moisture control materials (rice bran, rice cake, sawdust, huntan), soil (ocher and ocher longevity), lactic acid bacteria, seawater, rice water, etc. It relates to a system that can be manufactured.
축분, 유기질비료, 발효 Stocks, organic fertilizers, fermentation

Description

축분의 유기질 비료화 시스템{System for manufacturing organic fertilizer with cattle excrement}System for manufacturing organic fertilizer with cattle excrement
본 발명은 축산 농가에서 배출되는 축산 분뇨를 이용하여 유기질 비료를 제조하는 시스템에 관한 것으로, 보다 상세하게는 폐기 처분되는 축분을 수거하여 수분과 악취를 줄인 후, 여기에 발효미생물(토착미생물), 수분조절재(쌀겨, 깻묵, 톱밥, 훈탄), 흙(황토 및 황토지장수), 유산균, 바닷물, 쌀뜨물 등을 혼합하고 발효시킴으로서, 작물 재배에 필요한 각종 영양분이 풍부하고 악취가 없는 유지질 비료를 제조할 수 있도록 한 것이다.The present invention relates to a system for producing organic fertilizers using livestock manure discharged from livestock farms, and more specifically, after collecting wastes disposed of in wastes to reduce moisture and odor, fermentation microorganisms (indigenous microorganisms), By mixing and fermenting moisture control materials (rice bran, rice cake, sawdust, huntan), soil (ocher and ocher longevity), lactic acid bacteria, seawater, rice water, etc. It was made to be manufactured.
최근, 생활수준이 높아지면서 육류 소비증가로 인한 축산 사육 두수가 증가하고 이에 따른 분뇨 배출량도 증가하고 있어 환경 오염 문제가 대두 되고 있다.Recently, as the standard of living has increased, the number of livestock raising due to the increase of meat consumption has increased, and the manure emissions have increased accordingly.
따라서 이를 해결하고자, 축사에서 배출된 분뇨를 발효시켜 유기질 비료로 자원화하는 여러가지 방법이 개발되고 있으나, 종래의 발효건조방법 및 발효장치는 사용하기에 상당한 문제점이 있었다.Therefore, in order to solve this problem, various methods of fermenting manure discharged from the barn and recycling them into organic fertilizers have been developed, but conventional fermentation drying methods and fermentation apparatuses have significant problems in use.
즉 종래의 발효장치는 열전달이 불량하여 발효조의 내부까지 고르게 열을 전달하지 못하였고, 또한 전달된 열에 의하여 발효조 본체의 내측면에 발효시키고자 하는 처리물이 달라붙어 점착됨으로서 건조가 잘 안되는 단점이 있었다.In other words, the conventional fermentation apparatus has poor heat transfer, so that the heat cannot be evenly transferred to the inside of the fermentation tank, and furthermore, the process to be fermented to the inner surface of the fermenter body is adhered to and adhered to the inner surface of the fermenter body. there was.
또한 열전달이 제대로 이루어지지 않아 연료의 낭비가 심하였고, 건조 공정에 가해지는 온도가 고온이므로 원료에 첨가되는 미생물이 사멸되어 배양되지 못하므로 미생물에 의한 발효효과를 기대할 수 없었다.In addition, the heat was not properly transferred, the waste of fuel was severe, and because the temperature applied to the drying process is a high temperature, the microorganisms added to the raw material was killed and could not be cultured, so the fermentation effect by the microorganism could not be expected.
또한 발효조에서 발생하는 악취 및 응축수를 효과적으로 정화할 수 없어 배출시 환경을 오염시키는 등 전체적으로 상당한 문제점이 있었다.In addition, there is a significant problem as a whole, such as polluting the environment during discharge can not be effectively purified odor and condensate generated in the fermenter.
본 발명과 그 시스템은 다르지만 목적이 유사한 기술로는 실용신안등륵 제189104호(축산분뇨의 유기질 비료화 시스템), 특허 제237461호(분뇨 및 축산폐수의 비료화 처리방법), 특허 제291855호(가축분뇨를 이용한 액체비료 제조 시스템), 특허 제479836호(축산분뇨의 비료화 처리장치 및 그 방법)이 있다.Although the present invention and its system are different, but similar in purpose, such as Utility Model No. 189104 (Organic fertilizer system for livestock manure), Patent No. 237461 (Method for treating fertilizer and livestock wastewater), Patent No. 291855 (livestock) Liquid fertilizer production system using manure), and Patent No. 479836 (fertilizer treatment apparatus and method of livestock manure).
축산 농가에서 발생 되는 축분을 수거하여 수분과 악취를 줄인 후, 여기에 발효미생물(토착미생물), 수분조절재(쌀겨, 깻묵, 톱밥, 훈탄), 흙(황토 및 황토지장수), 유산균, 바닷물, 쌀뜨물 등을 혼합하고 발효시킴으로서, 작물 재배에 필요한 유기질 비료를 제조하고자 하는 것이다.After collecting livestock from livestock farms to reduce moisture and odors, fermented microorganisms (indigenous microorganisms), moisture control materials (rice bran, salt, sawdust, huntan), soil (ocher and loess longevity), lactic acid bacteria, seawater, By mixing and fermenting rice water and the like, it is intended to produce the organic fertilizer required for crop cultivation.
탱크로리를 통해 액체 상태로 반입되는 돈분이 지하에 설치된 콘크리트 저수조인 유입조정조와 유량조정조에 저장되는 공정;A step of storing the pig meal brought into the liquid state through the tank lorry in an inflow control tank and a flow control tank, which are concrete storage tanks installed underground;
저장된 돈분이 자연 침강이나 화학적 응집제에 의해 상부에는 액체, 하부에는 고형물로 분리되며, 미생물을 분사하여 악취를 제거하는 공정;The stored pig meal is separated into a liquid at the top and a solid at the bottom by natural sedimentation or a chemical flocculant, and sprays microorganisms to remove odors;
유량조정조 상부에 형성된 액체는 펌프를 이용하여 액비 탱크로 이송되고 하부에 형성된 고형물은 펌프를 이용하여 분뇨혼합탱크로 이송되는 공정:The liquid formed at the top of the flow adjusting tank is transferred to the liquid fertilization tank using a pump and the solid formed at the bottom is transferred to the manure mixing tank using the pump:
상기 분뇨혼합탱크 내측에서 돈분 고형물과, 별도로 마련된 수분조절재(쌀겨, 깻묵, 톱밥, 훈탄), 흙(황토 및 황토지장수), 우분, 계분, 미생물 배양액을 혼합하되, 필요에 따라서는 액비탱크에 저장된 돈분 액체를 첨가시켜 수분을 60% 정도로 맞추는 공정;Inside the manure mixing tank, the pig flour solid, and a separate moisture control material (rice bran, salt, sawdust, huntan), soil (ocher and loess longevity), milk powder, chicken flour, microbial culture medium, if necessary, but in a liquid tank Adding stored pig flour liquid to adjust moisture to about 60%;
펌프를 이용하여 상기 혼합탱크에 저장된 혼합분뇨를 발효조에 넣고, 분쇄, 교반, 살균, 진공, 발효, 건조 등의 과정을 발효조 내에서 한꺼번에 행하여 상기 혼합분뇨가 유기질 비료로 변환되는 공정;Putting mixed manure stored in the mixing tank into a fermentation tank using a pump and converting the mixed manure into organic fertilizer by carrying out processes such as grinding, stirring, sterilization, vacuum, fermentation, and drying at once in a fermentation tank;
발효조 내측에서 분말 상태로 배출된 유기질 비료 처리물을 콘베어를 이용하여 포장 라인으로 이송하되, 중간에 냉각라인을 통과시켜 유기질 비료 처리물의 온도를 냉각시키는 공정;Transferring the organic fertilizer processed product discharged in powder form from the inside of the fermenter to a packaging line using a conveyor, and cooling the temperature of the organic fertilizer processed by passing a cooling line in the middle;
상기 분말 형태로 이송되는 처리물을 펠렛 라인을 통과시켜 알갱이 형태로 제조하고, 이를 최종적으로 계량하고 포장하는 단계; 로 이루어지는 축분의 유기질 비료화 시스템이다.Passing the processed material in the form of powder through a pellet line to produce granules, and finally weighing and packing the processed material; It is an organic fertilizer system of constituents consisting of.
축산 농가에서 발생되는 축분을 유기질 비료로 자원화 함으로서 환경오염을 방지토록 한 것으로, 축분의 반입부터 유기질 비료로 제조되기까지의 공정이 일괄적이면서도 유기적으로 연결시킴으로써 그 효과를 배가시켰다.The use of organic fertilizers as a source of livestock farms prevents environmental pollution. The process from the import of livestock to the production of organic fertilizers has been doubled, and the effects have been doubled.
특히, 본 발명의 주요 장치라 할 수 있는 발효통에 있어, 종래에는 열교환기가 외부에 설치되어 있었으나, 본 발명에서는 발효통 내측에 설치토록 함으로서 열효율을 좋게 하였으며, 또한 배관을 통해 뜨거운 스팀이 이동함으로서 발생하는 화상의 위험성을 방지토록 하였다.In particular, in the fermentation vessel which can be said to be the main device of the present invention, the heat exchanger was conventionally installed on the outside, but in the present invention, the thermal efficiency is improved by being installed inside the fermentation vessel, and also generated by moving the hot steam through the pipe. To prevent the risk of burns.
또한, 종래에는 발효통을 원통형으로 제작함으로써 크기에 제약이 따랐으나, 본 발명에서는 이중 자켓 반원형으로 제작함으로써 크기 제약이 없어지고, 제작비용의 절감을 가져오도록 하였다.In addition, in the prior art, the size of the fermentation canister is manufactured by the cylindrical shape, but the size of the present invention is eliminated by the double-jacket semi-circular shape, thereby reducing the production cost.
탱크로리를 통해 액체 상태로 반입되는 돈분이 지하에 설치된 콘크리트 저수조인 유입조정조와 유량조정조에 저장되는 공정;A step of storing the pig meal brought into the liquid state through the tank lorry in an inflow control tank and a flow control tank, which are concrete storage tanks installed underground;
저장된 돈분이 자연 침강이나 화학적 응집제에 의해 상부에는 액체, 하부에는 고형물로 분리되며, 미생물을 분사하여 악취를 제거하는 공정;The stored pig meal is separated into a liquid at the top and a solid at the bottom by natural sedimentation or a chemical flocculant, and sprays microorganisms to remove odors;
유량조정조 상부에 형성된 액체는 펌프를 이용하여 액비 탱크로 이송되고 하부에 형성된 고형물은 펌프를 이용하여 분뇨혼합탱크로 이송되는 공정:The liquid formed at the top of the flow adjusting tank is transferred to the liquid fertilization tank using a pump and the solid formed at the bottom is transferred to the manure mixing tank using the pump:
상기 분뇨혼합탱크 내측에서 돈분 고형물과, 별도로 마련된 수분조절재(쌀겨, 깻묵, 톱밥, 훈탄), 흙(황토 및 황토지장수), 우분, 계분, 미생물 배양액을 혼합하되, 필요에 따라서는 액비탱크에 저장된 돈분 액체를 첨가시켜 수분을 60% 정도로 맞추는 공정;Inside the manure mixing tank, the pig flour solid, and a separate moisture control material (rice bran, salt, sawdust, huntan), soil (ocher and loess longevity), milk powder, chicken flour, microbial culture medium, if necessary, but in a liquid tank Adding stored pig flour liquid to adjust moisture to about 60%;
펌프를 이용하여 상기 혼합탱크에 저장된 혼합분뇨를 발효조에 넣고, 분쇄, 교반, 살균, 진공, 발효, 건조 등의 과정을 발효조 내에서 한꺼번에 행하여 상기 혼합분뇨가 유기질 비료로 변환되는 공정;Putting mixed manure stored in the mixing tank into a fermentation tank using a pump and converting the mixed manure into organic fertilizer by carrying out processes such as grinding, stirring, sterilization, vacuum, fermentation, and drying at once in a fermentation tank;
발효조 내측에서 분말 상태로 배출된 유기질 비료 처리물을 콘베어를 이용하여 포장 라인으로 이송하되, 중간에 냉각라인을 통과시켜 유기질 비료 처리물의 온도를 냉각시키는 공정;Transferring the organic fertilizer processed product discharged in powder form from the inside of the fermenter to a packaging line using a conveyor, and cooling the temperature of the organic fertilizer processed by passing a cooling line in the middle;
상기 분말 형태로 이송되는 처리물을 펠렛 라인을 통과시켜 알갱이 형태로 제조하고, 이를 최종적으로 계량하고 포장하는 단계; 로 이루어지는 축분의 유기질 비료화 시스템이다Passing the processed material in the form of powder through a pellet line to produce granules, and finally weighing and packing the processed material; It is an organic fertilizer system of constituents
이하 본 발명을 공정별로 보다 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다.Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in more detail by process.
먼저 축산 농가에서 수거해온 돈분은 탱크로리를 통해 액체 상태로 반입되며, 반입된 돈분은 급수구를 통해 지하에 설치된 콘크리트 저수조에 저장된다.First, the money collected from the livestock farms is brought into the liquid state through the tank lorry, and the imported money is stored in the concrete reservoir installed underground through the water supply port.
우분과 계분은 밀폐된 트레일러를 통해 고형물 형태로 반입되어 콘크리트 구조물로된 저장조에 저장된다.The manure and manure are brought in solid form via a sealed trailer and stored in a concrete structure reservoir.
상기 콘크리트 저수조는 유입조정조와 유량조정조로 구별되는 바, 유입조정조는 반입된 돈분이 최초 저장되는 부분이다.The concrete reservoir tank is divided into an inflow adjustment tank and a flow adjustment tank, the inflow adjustment tank is the portion where the imported money is initially stored.
유량조정조는 유입조정조와 함께 사용되는 저수조로서, 반입된 돈분이 자연 침강 효과로 상부에는 액체, 하부에는 고형물로 분리된다.The flow regulating tank is a water tank used together with the inflow regulating tank, and the imported pig meal is separated into a liquid at the top and a solid at the bottom due to the natural sedimentation effect.
한편, 돈분을 액체 및 고형물로 분리함에 있어 화학적 응집제를 사용하면 보다 효과적으로 분리할 수가 있으며, 또한 미생물을 상부에서 분사시킴으로써 악취를 제거하게 된다.On the other hand, when separating the pig flour into liquids and solids, using a chemical flocculant can be more effectively separated, and also by removing the odor by spraying the microorganism from the top.
다음으로 유입조정조와 유량조정조의 상부에 있는 액체는 펌프설비를 이용하여 액체비료를 만드는 탱크(액비탱크)에 이송되거나, 혹은 본 시스템에서 사용되는 혼합탱크에 보내 수분 조절용 액체로 사용하기도 한다.Next, the liquid at the top of the inflow control tank and the flow control tank is transferred to a tank (liquid fertilizer tank) for making a liquid fertilizer using a pumping facility, or sent to a mixing tank used in the system for use as a liquid for controlling moisture.
한편, 유입조정조 및 유량조정조의 하부에 있는 고형물은 펌프설비를 이용하여 혼합탱크로 이송되는바, 이송시 파쇄기를 통과시켜 돈분 반입 단계에서 생길 수 있는 돌, 콘크리트와 같은 각종 잔재물을 파쇄시키게 된다.On the other hand, the solids in the lower portion of the inflow adjustment tank and the flow adjustment tank is transferred to the mixing tank by using the pump equipment, the crusher during the transfer to break the various residues, such as stones, concrete that can occur in the step of loading money.
다음으로 혼합탱크에 이송된 돈분 고형물에는 콘크리트 구조물에 일시 저장된 우분과 계분 및 각종 첨가물이 첨가되어 혼합된다.Next, the dung flour, which is transferred to the mixing tank, is mixed with the added powdered milk powder, flour and various additives temporarily stored in the concrete structure.
즉 별도로 마련된 우분과 계분 등 수분이 없는 가축분뇨와, 쌀겨, 깻묵, 톱밥, 훈탄과 같은 수분조절재와, 각종 미생물 및 효소, 미네랄 등이 포함되어 있는 황토와 발효의 효과를 극대화시키기 위하여 미생물 배양액 등이 혼합되어 진다.In other words, microbial cultures for maximizing the effect of livestock manure, such as manure and chicken meal, which are prepared separately, moisture control materials such as rice bran, rice cake, sawdust and huntan, and ocher and fermentation containing various microorganisms, enzymes and minerals. Etc. are mixed.
상기에 있어, 필요에 따라서는 액비탱크에 저장된 돈분 액체를 첨가시켜 수분을 60% 정도로 맞추는 공정도 함께 이루어진다.In the above, if necessary, the step of adjusting the moisture to about 60% by adding the pig liquid stored in the liquid tank.
다음으로 혼합탱크에서 혼합된 처리물은 정량펌프를 이용하여 발효조에 공급되고, 상기 발효조 내에서는 분쇄, 교반, 살균, 진공, 발효, 건조 등의 과정이 한꺼번에 행하여짐으로써 상기 혼합 처리물은 유기질 비료로 제조되어 진다.Next, the mixed material mixed in the mixing tank is supplied to the fermentation tank using a metering pump, and the mixed processed material is organic fertilizer because the processes such as grinding, stirring, sterilization, vacuum, fermentation and drying are performed all at once in the fermenting tank. It is manufactured by.
상기 발효조는 이중 자켓 반원형으로 구성된 것으로, 원료투입구와 원료배출구를 가지며, 발효조 내부에는 원료를 교반하고 혼합할 때 사용되는 임펠라가 형성된 샤프트가 축회전 가능하도록 설치되어 있다.The fermentation tank is composed of a double-jacket semi-circular type, has a raw material inlet and a raw material outlet, and the shaft formed with the impeller used when stirring and mixing the raw material is installed in the fermentation tank so as to be rotatable.
또한 발효조 내부의 원료가 최적의 상태로 발효, 건조되기 위해서는 바람직한 온도 유지가 필수적인바 이를 위한 열 에너지가 스팀형태로 공급될 수 있도록 스팀 투입구가 형성되어 있다.In addition, in order for the raw material inside the fermentation tank to be fermented and dried in an optimal state, it is essential to maintain a desirable temperature, and a steam inlet is formed so that thermal energy can be supplied in the form of steam.
또한 발효조 일측에는 원료의 처리 형태를 수시로 확인할 수 있도록 하기 위하여 투명한 재질로 제작된 관찰구가 형성되어 있으며, 기계 유지 보수의 편의성을 위해 비상구가 설치되어 있다.In addition, one side of the fermenter is formed with a viewing port made of a transparent material in order to check the processing form of the raw material from time to time, the emergency exit is installed for the convenience of machine maintenance.
한편, 발효조 내부는 보일러에서 공급된 열에 의하여 수증기가 발생하는 바, 상기 수증기는 발효조 내부의 혼합물을 처리하는 과정에서 발생하는 것이므로 악취를 포함하고 있다.On the other hand, the inside of the fermenter is steam generated by the heat supplied from the boiler, because the steam is generated in the process of processing the mixture in the fermenter contains a bad smell.
그러나, 상기 악취를 포함한 수증기는 발효조 내측 상부에 설치된 열교환기에 의하여 액체로 변환되면서 악취는 저감되며, 여기서 발생한 액체는 세퍼레이터를 거쳐 불순물이 걸러지고 다시 진공펌프로 흡입되어 사용된다.However, the water vapor containing the odor is converted into a liquid by a heat exchanger installed in the upper portion of the fermentation tank to reduce the odor, and the liquid generated here is filtered through the separator and used by being sucked back into the vacuum pump.
다음으로, 발효조 내측에서 발효, 건조된 혼합 처리물은 유기질 비료로 변환되어 분말상태로 배출되고, 이는 콘베어를 통하여 포장 라인으로 이송하되, 이송중인 처리물은 발효조 내측에서 바로 나온 것이기 때문에 온도가 높아(50∼60℃ 정도) 포장시 결로가 발생할 수 있으므로 냉각라인을 통과시켜 냉각시키는 공정을 행하게 된다.Next, the mixed fermented and dried fermentation inside the fermenter is converted into organic fertilizer and discharged in powder form, which is transported to the packaging line through a conveyor, but the temperature is high because the processed product is directly from the inside of the fermenter. (50 ~ 60 ℃) Condensation may occur during packaging, so the cooling process is performed through a cooling line.
이어서 펠렛라인을 통과시켜 분말 상태의 처리물을 알갱이 형태로 만든 후, 최종적으로 포장을 함으로서 모든 공정을 마치게 된다.Subsequently, the pelletized product is passed through the pellets into granules, and finally, the packaging is completed.
한편, 필요 공정상 설명은 생략하였으나, 싸이로가 형성되어 있어 각 공정간에 완충역할을 하게 되며, 쿨링타워가 형성되어 있어 열교환기에서 나오는 물을 냉각시키게 된다.On the other hand, the description of the necessary process is omitted, but the cyclo is formed to play a buffer role between each process, the cooling tower is formed to cool the water from the heat exchanger.
상기에서 살펴본 바와 같이, 본 발명은 폐기 처분되어야 할 축분을 유기질 비료로 자원화한 것이므로 그 경제적 효용 가치가 매우 우수하여 산업상 이용가능성은 충분하다 할 것이다.As described above, the present invention is because the constituents to be disposed of are recycled with organic fertilizers, so the economic utility value thereof is very excellent, and industrial applicability will be sufficient.
도1은 본 발명 시스템의 공정도.1 is a process diagram of the system of the present invention.
도2는 본 발명 시스템의 배치도.2 is a layout view of the present system.
도3A는 본 발명의 요부 구성인 발효조의 개략적인 종단면도Figure 3A is a schematic longitudinal cross-sectional view of a fermenter, which is the principal component of the present invention.
도3B는 본 발명의 요부 구성인 발효조의 개략적인 횡단면도Fig. 3B is a schematic cross sectional view of a fermenter which is a main component of the present invention.

Claims (1)

  1. 탱크로리를 통해 액체 상태로 반입되는 돈분이 지하에 설치된 콘크리트 저수조인 유입조정조와 유량조정조에 저장되는 공정;A step of storing the pig meal brought into the liquid state through the tank lorry in an inflow control tank and a flow control tank, which are concrete storage tanks installed underground;
    저장된 돈분이 자연 침강이나 화학적 응집제에 의해 상부에는 액체, 하부에는 고형물로 분리되며, 미생물을 분사하여 악취를 제거하는 공정;The stored pig meal is separated into a liquid at the top and a solid at the bottom by natural sedimentation or a chemical flocculant, and sprays microorganisms to remove odors;
    유량조정조 상부에 형성된 액체는 펌프를 이용하여 액비 탱크로 이송되고 하부에 형성된 고형물은 펌프를 이용하여 분뇨혼합탱크로 이송되는 공정:The liquid formed at the top of the flow adjusting tank is transferred to the liquid fertilization tank using a pump and the solid formed at the bottom is transferred to the manure mixing tank using the pump:
    상기 분뇨혼합탱크 내측에서 돈분 고형물과, 별도로 마련된 수분조절재(쌀겨, 깻묵, 톱밥, 훈탄), 흙(황토 및 황토지장수), 우분, 계분, 미생물 배양액을 혼합하되, 필요에 따라서는 액비탱크에 저장된 돈분 액체를 첨가시켜 수분을 60% 정도로 맞추는 공정;Inside the manure mixing tank, the pig flour solid, and a separate moisture control material (rice bran, salt, sawdust, huntan), soil (ocher and loess longevity), milk powder, chicken flour, microbial culture medium, if necessary, but in a liquid tank Adding stored pig flour liquid to adjust moisture to about 60%;
    펌프를 이용하여 상기 혼합탱크에 저장된 혼합분뇨를 발효조에 넣고, 분쇄, 교반, 살균, 진공, 발효, 건조 등의 과정을 발효조 내에서 한꺼번에 행하여 상기 혼합분뇨가 유기질 비료로 변환되는 공정;Putting mixed manure stored in the mixing tank into a fermentation tank by using a pump and converting the mixed manure into organic fertilizer by carrying out processes such as grinding, stirring, sterilization, vacuum, fermentation, and drying at once in a fermentation tank;
    발효조 내측에서 분말 상태로 배출된 유기질 비료 처리물을 콘베어를 이용하여 포장 라인으로 이송하되, 중간에 냉각라인을 통과시켜 유기질 비료 처리물의 온도를 냉각시키는 공정;Transferring the organic fertilizer processed product discharged in powder form from the inside of the fermenter to a packaging line using a conveyor, and cooling the temperature of the organic fertilizer processed by passing a cooling line in the middle;
    상기 분말 형태로 이송되는 처리물을 펠렛 라인을 통과시켜 알갱이 형태로 제조하고, 이를 최종적으로 계량하고 포장하는 단계; 로 이루어지는 축분의 유기질 비료화 시스템.Passing the processed material in the form of powder through a pellet line to produce granules, and finally weighing and packing the processed material; Organic fertilizer system of constituents consisting of.
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