KR101731014B1 - Culture equipment with function of automaic feeding for sea cucumber - Google Patents

Culture equipment with function of automaic feeding for sea cucumber Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101731014B1
KR101731014B1 KR1020150057858A KR20150057858A KR101731014B1 KR 101731014 B1 KR101731014 B1 KR 101731014B1 KR 1020150057858 A KR1020150057858 A KR 1020150057858A KR 20150057858 A KR20150057858 A KR 20150057858A KR 101731014 B1 KR101731014 B1 KR 101731014B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
sea cucumber
feed
feeding
sea
plane
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KR1020150057858A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20160126599A (en
Inventor
조성환
박상균
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주식회사 연안생태기술연구소
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Priority to KR1020150057858A priority Critical patent/KR101731014B1/en
Publication of KR20160126599A publication Critical patent/KR20160126599A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/70Artificial fishing banks or reefs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/046Artificial reefs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The present invention relates to a sea cucumber fish having a feeding function capable of feeding food using algae or an internal wave and providing a habitat in which sea cucumbers can hide from predators, A sea cucumber forming unit having a multi-layer structure in which a plurality of grooves are formed; And a feeding unit installed above the sea cucumber-containing unit so as to supply the sea cucumber feed to the flat surface of the sea cucumber-containing unit using algae or water.

Description

{CULTURE EQUIPMENT WITH FUNCTION OF AUTOMATIC FEEDING FOR SEA CUCUMBER}

The present invention relates to a sea cucumber reptile, and more particularly to a sea cucumber which provides a habitat for sea cucumbers capable of hiding from predators and is capable of supplying food by using algae or underwater waves, The present invention relates to a sea cucumber fish having a feeding function that provides a structure capable of staying for a predetermined time to be supplied to sea cucumbers.

In general, sea cucumber is a generic term for sea cucumbers belonging to the echinoderms of the echinoderms. It is named for its similarity to ginseng. Although it is mostly male and female, it is difficult to distinguish it from its appearance. However, if the water temperature exceeds 17 ℃, stop eating, and when the water temperature is over 25 ℃ (夏眠) is done.

These sea cucumbers use tentacles to put sandy muds under the sea in their mouths to eat small creatures in sandy mud and discharge sand and feces to the outside. Therefore, the sea cucumber culture has mainly been carried out by the festival style method in the sea area where the coastal festival facility is possible or the development of the tidal flat like the west coast.

Due to the recent rapid economic growth in China, the demand for sea cucumbers is rapidly increasing.

In particular, red sea gins inhabited in rocky areas of Jeju Island and the South Sea are called "sea ginseng", which is higher in value than other sea cucumbers and is recognized as a high value added form.

Although festive celestial culture is easy to manage, it is mainly used for general sea cucumber cultivation. However, red sea ginseng is intended to increase resources by discharging in the form of ginseng in some areas, but the increase effect is still insignificant.

Therefore, there is a great demand for the development of cultivation methods capable of increasing production while intensively managing red sea ginseng of a certain size.

On the other hand, general aquatic life culture methods are divided into sea surface type, middle layer type and low layer type.

Spongy culture is a method of fish cultivation using seaweed, seaweed, kelp, cage, etc., and middle-layer culture is a method of hanging spore lines attached with spores at regular intervals to ropes or wires. It is a method of hunger and sheltering with a spatula. On the other hand, since low-level aquaculture is a method of spraying spore on the sea floor and allowing it to naturally grow in a natural environment, the sea cucumber is cultured in a low-rise style method.

In the past, the sea cucumber larvae were mainly used for providing shelter, and in China, the stone composition by dialysis was mainly used. In the case of domestic, the block cucumber or concrete using the synthetic resin or corn starch was used to bend or uneven the sea cucumber And hiding.

However, these sea turtles are difficult to serve as stable hiding places for sea cucumbers such as small burrows and buried in sand, and it is difficult to form various sea cucumbers due to frequent movements of sand or positional changes.

Also, since the feeding of sea cucumbers is not smooth, the initial survival rate of sea cucumber is low and mass production is impossible.

BACKGROUND ART [0002] Conventionally, a fishing reel or a shellfish using a reinforcing concrete or a steel frame as a main material is specifically known in "fish reef (Korean Patent Laid-open Publication No. 10-2014-0018642) ".

However, when the feeding was not smooth, the initial survival rate of sea cucumber declined and the problem of mass production was not solved.

KR 10-2014-0018642 A (2014. 02. 13.)

Disclosure of Invention Technical Problem [8] Accordingly, the present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a habitat in which sea cucumbers can hid from predators, The present invention is directed to providing a sea cucumber reptile having a function.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, a sea cucumber forming unit having a multi-layered structure in which a plurality of groves are formed so that a sea cucumber having a food feeding function can live in the sea cucumber; And a feeding unit installed above the sea cucumber-containing unit so as to supply the sea cucumber feed to the flat surface of the sea cucumber-containing unit using algae or water.

The food supply unit may further include a buoy installed on a plane of the food supply unit so as to be able to provide buoyancy to the food supply unit, the buoy being fixed to the sea cucumber type unit via a rope.

Wherein the sea cucumber forming unit comprises: an upper structure having a first feed feeding groove in which a sea cucumber feed is received so as to prevent loss of the sea cucumber feed falling from the feeding unit to the algae; A lower structure in which the upper structure is stacked on top so that the sea cucumber can be inhabited; And a plurality of coupling anchors, one end of which is fixed to the bottom of the upper structure and the other end of which is fixed to the plane of the lower structure to fix the upper structure to the upper part of the lower structure.

The upper structure may include a plurality of first moving holes so that the sea cucumber feed and the sea cucumber in the first feed feeding groove can be moved to the lower structure.

The lower structure includes a second feeding groove formed in the plane of the lower structure so that the celadon feed introduced through the first moving hole can be received and a plurality of forming grooves formed radially so that the sea celia can live on the bottom surface desirable.

The lower structure may have a second moving hole formed at the center thereof so as to connect the second feed feed groove and the food grove.

It is preferable that a plurality of natural stones are fixed to the upper structure and a plurality of feeding preventing grooves are formed on the side of the lower structure to prevent the rising of the breakfast animal.

Wherein the food supply unit comprises: an annular tubular body having both ends open; An upper cover provided on a plane of the body; And a lower cover having a plurality of feed holes formed therein and coupled to the bottom of the body so as to supply the sea cucumber feed housed in the body to the sea cucumber culture unit.

Wherein the lower lid has a plurality of food feed holes formed in a radial shape, and the food feed unit includes a plurality of vanes radially coupled to be rotatable in a plane of the lower lid, And a food control plate provided to the food processing unit.

The upper lid is provided with one or more heavy objects on its plane so as to pressurize the sea cucumber contained in the body, and is coupled with the lower lid through a spring.

The present invention can achieve the following various effects owing to the technical structure described above.

It is possible to improve the initial survival rate of sea cucumber and prevent the decrease in productivity due to lack of food, thereby improving the economic efficiency as well as the aquaculture efficiency.

In addition, it provides a habitat for protecting sea cucumbers from predators, while feeding food inside the habitat periodically using algae or underwater waves, facilitating feeding activities of sea cucumbers and enhancing aquaculture efficiency .

1 is a perspective view showing a sea cucumber fishing reed having a feeding function according to an embodiment of the present invention,
FIG. 2 is a view showing a sea cucumber forming unit composed of upper and lower structures according to an embodiment of the present invention,
3 is a view for explaining an upper structure according to an embodiment of the present invention,
4 is a view for explaining a substructure according to an embodiment of the present invention,
5 is an exploded perspective view of a feeding unit according to an embodiment of the present invention,
FIG. 6 is a view showing a combination of a feeding unit according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. However, the present invention is not limited to the embodiments. For reference, the same numbers in this description refer to substantially the same elements and can be described with reference to the contents described in the other drawings under these rules, and the contents which are judged to be obvious to the person skilled in the art or repeated can be omitted.

1 is a perspective view showing a sea cucumber fishing reed having a feeding function according to an embodiment of the present invention;

As shown in FIG. 1, the sea cucumber fish having a feeding function according to an embodiment of the present invention includes a sea cucumber forming unit 100 formed with a plurality of forming grooves 122 for allowing sea cucumbers to form therein, And a feeding unit 200 positioned above the sea cucumber forming unit 100 so as to feed the food into the unit 100.

At this time, the sea cucumber fish having the feeding function according to an embodiment of the present invention may provide buoyancy to the food feeding unit 200 so that the food feeding unit 200 can be positioned above the sea cucumber forming unit 100 And a buoy 300 that is connected to the network.

Accordingly, the food supply unit 200 floated in the water by the buoy 300 can supply the sea cucumber feedstock contained in the food supply unit 200 to the sea cucumber forming unit 100 as the food supply unit 200 is shaken by the algae and underwater waves. have.

FIG. 2 is a diagram showing a sea cucumber forming unit configured with upper and lower structures according to an embodiment of the present invention.

2, the sea cucumber forming unit 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention includes a plurality of upper structures 110 stacked on a lower structure 120 at a predetermined interval to form a multi-layer structure, And a plurality of coupling anchors 130 coupling the upper structure 110 and the lower structure 120 together.

It is preferable that the upper structure 110 is provided with a first feed feeding groove 111 in which the sea cucumber feed supplied from the feeding unit 200 is received. Accordingly, it is possible to reduce the cost of the sea cucumber cultivation by minimizing the loss of the sea cucumber feed supplied from the food supply unit 200 by being washed away into birds and the like.

The lower structure 120 is spaced apart from the upper structure 110 by a predetermined distance so as to form a space in which the sea cucumbers can live. One end of each of the anchors 130 is fixedly coupled to the bottom of the upper structure 110 And the other end is fixedly coupled to the plane of the lower structure 120 so that the upper structure 110 and the lower structure 120 are spaced apart from each other by a predetermined distance.

3 is a view for explaining a superstructure according to an embodiment of the present invention.

3, the upper structure 110 according to an embodiment of the present invention is preferably dropped from the food supply unit 200 by alga or water in the water and is accommodated in the first feed groove 111 It is preferable that a plurality of first moving holes 112 are formed so as to move the sea cucumber feed into a space where the sea cucumber is inhabited or to allow the sea cucumber to move into the first feed feeding grooves 111 in the direction of the lower structure 120 Do.

Thus, by providing a movement line of the sea cucumber and the sea cucumber feed, it is possible to facilitate the feeding activity while minimizing the exposure of the sea cucumber to the predator, thereby facilitating the culture of the sea cucumber and improving the productivity.

Also, the upper structure 110 preferably has natural stones 113 of various sizes attached to its surface. Thus, organic matter suspended in water that can be a food of sea cucumbers is adhered to the natural stone (113) by the vortices of algae and seawater, so that organic matter introduced from nature can be used as food for sea cucumber, There is an effect that can be done.

The upper structure 110 may be coupled to the food supply unit 200 via a rope or the like, and may be provided with a plurality of rope rings to which the rope is fixed in a plane thereof so that installation and maintenance can be facilitated.

4 is a view for explaining a substructure according to an embodiment of the present invention.

As shown in FIG. 4, the lower structure 120 according to an embodiment of the present invention has a second feed feeding groove 121 formed in its plane. Accordingly, it is possible to minimize the loss of the sea cucumber feedstuff that has flowed through the first moving hole 112 to be washed away into birds and the like, thereby reducing the cost of preparing sea cucumber.

Further, it is preferable that a plurality of forming grooves 122 are formed on the bottom surface of the lower structure 120. The reason for this is that it is possible to form a multi-layered habitat in which sea cucumbers can be inhabited, thereby enabling large-scale cultivation of sea cucumbers.

The plurality of grooves 122 are formed radially with respect to the center of the bottom surface and are formed at the center of the second feed grooves 121 and the respective grooves 122, And a second moving hole 123 penetrating through the first through hole 122 is formed.

Thus, by providing the sea cucumber and the sea cucumber feed movement line between the second feed feed groove 121 and the plurality of the forming grooves 122, the feeding activity can be easily performed while minimizing the exposure of the sea cucumber to the predator, It has an effect of facilitating the style and improving the productivity.

In addition, it is preferable that the lower structure 120 according to the embodiment of the present invention has a plurality of feeding preventing grooves 124 formed on the side thereof so as to prevent breakfast animals and other predators such as sea urchins from climbing.

This is because the sea animals such as sea urchins and sea turtles are prevented from consuming the sea cucumber feeds supplied to the sea cucumber forming unit 100, thereby minimizing the cost of the sea cucumber culturing, and preventing the predators from crawling into the sea cucumber habitat, The survival rate can be improved.

FIG. 5 is an exploded perspective view of a feeding unit according to an embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 5 is a view showing a combination of a feeding unit according to an embodiment of the present invention.

5 and 5, the feeding unit 200 according to an embodiment of the present invention includes a body 210 having an inner space formed therein for receiving the cetacean feed and having open ends, a body 210 A plurality of food supply holes 231 are formed in the body 210 so as to supply the sea cucumber housed in the body 210 to the first food feed grooves 111 located below the top cover 220, And a lower cover 230 coupled to the bottom of the body 210. [

The upper lid 220 is installed so as to be able to move up and down along the inner circumferential surface of the body 210 so as to press down the sea cucumber feed housed in the body 210 according to the amount of the sea cucumber contained in the body 210, It is preferred that one or more of the heavy objects 221 are coupled to the plane.

As the crotch feed housed in the body 210 is consumed, the upper lid 220 moves downward along the inner circumferential surface of the body to press the crotch feed contained in the body 210, so that the crotch feed is constantly fed Feeding the feed water into the first feed feed groove 111 through the ball.

The food supply unit 200 according to an embodiment of the present invention may further include a spring 250 that mediates between the upper cover 220 and the lower cover 230, It is preferable that the lower cover 230 is coupled to the center of the bottom surface of the upper cover 220 and the other end is coupled to the center of the plane of the lower cover 230.

Accordingly, it is possible to press the sea cucumber feed housed in the body 210 with the same force based on the cross-section of the body 210, and to control the pressing force so that the sea cucumber feed, Can be adjusted.

Preferably, the lower cover 230 according to an embodiment of the present invention includes a plurality of food supply holes 231 formed radially with respect to the center thereof, and the food supply unit 200 according to an embodiment of the present invention, And a food control plate 240 rotatably installed in a plane of the lower lid 230 so as to control the degree of opening and closing of the respective food feed holes 231.

A plurality of wings 241 corresponding to the number of food feed holes 231 formed in the lower cover 230 are radially coupled to the food control plate 240. Each of the wings 241 is connected to each food feed hole 231). Thus, the degree of opening and closing of the food supply hole 231 can be adjusted.

On the other hand, a coupling ring corresponding to the rope loop coupled to the upper structure 110 may be attached to the outer circumference of the body 210 when the upper structure 110 is coupled to the upper structure 110 via the rope.

Although the present invention has been described with reference to the preferred embodiments thereof, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and variations can be made in the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the following claims. It can be understood that

100: Sea cucumber forming unit 110: Upper structure
111: first feed feed groove 112: first feed hole
113: natural stone 120: substructure
121: second feed feed groove 122:
123: second moving ball 124: feeding preventing groove
130: Coupling anchor 200: Feed supply unit
210: Body 220: Top cover
221: Heavy material 230: Lower cover
231: Feeding ball 240: Feeding plate
241: wing 250: spring
300: Buoy

Claims (10)

A sea cucumber forming unit having a multi-layered structure in which a plurality of grooves are formed so that the sea cucumber can live therein; And
And a food supply unit installed above the sea cucumber type unit for supplying the sea cucumber feed to the flat surface of the sea cucumber-containing unit using algae or underwater waves,
Wherein the food supply unit comprises: an annular tubular body having both ends open; An upper cover provided on a plane of the body; And a lower cover coupled to a bottom surface of the body so as to supply a feed of the sea cucumber stored in the body to the sea cucumber forming unit, wherein the upper cover includes a sea cucumber Characterized in that at least one heavy object is provided on the plane so as to pressurize the feed and is coupled to the lower cover via a spring.
The method according to claim 1,
Wherein the food supply unit further comprises a buoy installed on a plane of the food supply unit so as to be able to provide buoyancy to the food supply unit fixed to the sea cucumber type unit via a rope.
The method according to claim 1,
The sea-
An upper structure having a first feeding groove in which a sea cucumber feed is received in a plane so as to prevent the cucumber feed falling from the feeding unit from being lost to algae;
A lower structure in which the upper structure is stacked on top so that the sea cucumber can be inhabited; And
And a plurality of coupling anchors, one end of which is fixed to the bottom of the upper structure and the other end of which is fixed to the plane of the lower structure so as to fix the upper structure to the upper part of the lower structure.
The method of claim 3,
Wherein the upper structure is formed with a plurality of first moving holes so that the sea cucumber feed and the sea cucumber in the first feed feeding groove can be moved to the lower structure.
The method of claim 4,
The substructure may comprise:
Wherein a second feeding groove is formed in a plane of the first feeding hole and a plurality of forming grooves are formed in a radial shape so that the sea cucumber can be accommodated in the bottom of the first feeding hole, A sea cucumber fly having a feeding function.
The method of claim 5,
The substructure may comprise:
And a second moving hole is formed in the center of the second feeding hole so as to connect the second feeding feed groove and the hatching groove.
The method of claim 3,
Wherein a plurality of natural stones are fixed to the upper structure and a plurality of feeding preventing grooves are formed on a side surface of the lower structure to prevent the rising of the breakfast animal.
delete The method according to claim 1,
Wherein the lower cover includes a plurality of feed holes formed radially,
The food supply unit includes:
And a food control plate rotatably installed on a plane of the lower cover so that a plurality of vanes are radially coupled to open and close each of the food feed holes. .
delete
KR1020150057858A 2015-04-24 2015-04-24 Culture equipment with function of automaic feeding for sea cucumber KR101731014B1 (en)

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KR101731014B1 true KR101731014B1 (en) 2017-04-27

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR102005017B1 (en) 2019-01-23 2019-07-30 강신중 An artificial reef for sea cucumber
KR102005020B1 (en) 2019-01-23 2019-07-31 김진호 A fish reef for abalone

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR102050218B1 (en) * 2017-12-26 2019-12-02 이영선 Artificial reefs for sea creatures
CN109220770B (en) * 2018-11-15 2021-01-05 鲁东大学 Macro-seaweed proliferation device and method for sea cucumber resource maintenance
CN111183940A (en) * 2020-03-17 2020-05-22 山东省海洋资源与环境研究院 Artificial fish reef for fishery culture

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR200204959Y1 (en) * 2000-05-22 2000-12-01 김청호 Artefact nest
JP2007151512A (en) * 2005-12-08 2007-06-21 Maruichi Kensetsu Kk Artificial fish reef

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20140018642A (en) 2012-08-03 2014-02-13 주재욱 Artificially reef

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR200204959Y1 (en) * 2000-05-22 2000-12-01 김청호 Artefact nest
JP2007151512A (en) * 2005-12-08 2007-06-21 Maruichi Kensetsu Kk Artificial fish reef

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR102005017B1 (en) 2019-01-23 2019-07-30 강신중 An artificial reef for sea cucumber
KR102005020B1 (en) 2019-01-23 2019-07-31 김진호 A fish reef for abalone

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