KR101660650B1 - Construction method Integrated construction method Construction method - Google Patents

Construction method Integrated construction method Construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101660650B1
KR101660650B1 KR1020150152143A KR20150152143A KR101660650B1 KR 101660650 B1 KR101660650 B1 KR 101660650B1 KR 1020150152143 A KR1020150152143 A KR 1020150152143A KR 20150152143 A KR20150152143 A KR 20150152143A KR 101660650 B1 KR101660650 B1 KR 101660650B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
column
concrete
foundation
slab
installing
Prior art date
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KR1020150152143A
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Korean (ko)
Inventor
정대영
Original Assignee
주식회사 제이제이코리아
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Priority to KR1020150152143A priority Critical patent/KR101660650B1/en
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Publication of KR101660650B1 publication Critical patent/KR101660650B1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/22Piles
    • E02D5/24Prefabricated piles
    • E02D5/30Prefabricated piles made of concrete or reinforced concrete or made of steel and concrete
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/22Piles
    • E02D5/34Concrete or concrete-like piles cast in position ; Apparatus for making same
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/02Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements
    • E04B1/04Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements the elements consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stone-like material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/20Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stonelike material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/30Columns; Pillars; Struts
    • E04C3/34Columns; Pillars; Struts of concrete other stone-like material, with or without permanent form elements, with or without internal or external reinforcement, e.g. metal coverings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D2250/00Production methods
    • E02D2250/0023Cast, i.e. in situ or in a mold or other formwork

Abstract

More particularly, the present invention relates to a method of constructing a structure integrally with a structure using a polygonal or cylindrical structure including a rectangle formed in advance to meet the specifications of foundation, column, beam, slab, And how it can be constructed.
To this end, the present invention provides a method of installing a reinforcing bar comprising: installing a reinforcing bar for installing a bottom reinforcement, a column foundation reinforcement and a rock bolt; A foundation concrete casting step of placing the foundation concrete so that the rock bolt and the column foundation reinforcement are exposed more than the foundation upper surface of the foundation concrete to be laid; Installing a column structure in which the base rock bolt and the column base plate are coupled and the columnar reinforcing bars connected to the exposed columnar reinforcing bar are positioned inside the column and the holes are formed in the columns and fixed by bolts or reinforcing bars; A step of installing a composite structure for joining with the column structure to form outer edges of beams and slabs of each layer, and installing a slab plate; A reinforcing steel reinforcing bar, a reinforcing steel reinforcing bar, and a slab reinforcing steel reinforcing bar are installed with the slab plate and the composite structure; A finishing step in which concrete is laid on the slab plate and concrete is embedded in the column structure and the composite structure to simultaneously pour the column, the beam and the slab; .

Description

Construction method of integrated structure

More particularly, the present invention relates to a method of constructing a structure integrally by using a structure such as a polygonal or cylindrical shape including a quadrangle previously processed to meet the standard of a construction site or a column or beam. It's about how you can.

Concrete structures designed to repeat the structure and shape of each layer will utilize reinforced concrete composite deck plates or dies so that they can be efficiently constructed in a short period of time.

Especially, the ordinary reinforced concrete structure using the formwork is constructed by installing the formwork, reinforcing the reinforced concrete, pouring the concrete, and working the concrete after curing.

When the conventional formwork method is used, it takes a lot of effort to install and release the formwork, and since the formwork is usually transferred a number of times, the concrete surface finishing condition becomes worse as the number of exclusive use increases. should.

In addition, the formwork is usually made of wood such as plywood, or even if it is hard as a system panel, such as a euro form, the plywood is not used after a certain number of times of using the plywood plate, and the plywood is damaged due to the occurrence of construction waste. This results in damage.

Furthermore, the construction industry is tough, dirty, and dangerous, and the number of skilled workers who want to engage in the construction industry gradually decreases, making it difficult to find skilled workers.

As a result, the number of seniors is rising and the aging of skilled workers continues. In order to cope with the rise of skilled workers and the aging of skilled workers, it is urgently required to develop a method that can reduce work hours. In this social environment, construction methods that can shorten manpower and process time are urgently required .

In order to solve such a problem, Korean Patent Laid-Open Publication No. 10-2005-0122138 discloses a concrete structure for a concrete structure in which a reinforcing bar and an iron mold are integrally formed.

The disclosed invention is characterized in that the concrete structure comprises a first shape steel mold having a cavity inside and having an outer shape of a pillar, a channel shape frame connected to the first shape mold and the connection mold, A steel frame installed so as to be connected to a channel part of the hollow and the second shape steelwork of the first shape steelwork, and a duct part and a connection part of the hollow and the second shape steelwork of the first shape steelwork, And the structure is filled with the steel frame and the column and the beam are continuous.

However, the concrete structure constructed as described above is mainly concerned with the upper plate, and the structure relating to the connection between the foundation and the column is lacking. When the concrete is poured into the hollow formed inside the steel pipe, There is a problem that the bonding force is decreased.

Korea Patent Registration No. 10-0626326 "Concrete Structure"

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention has been made to solve the above-mentioned problems, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a concrete structure of a single or multi-story building by applying a cylindrical or quadrangular structure capable of replacing a formwork, And a method for constructing a structure-integrated structure capable of pouring concrete into a pillar provided with a concrete structure.

Still another object of the present invention is to efficiently perform reinforcing work and concrete pouring work on the foundations and columns.

Another object of the present invention is to make it easier to ensure the concrete pouring workability when the beam and the slab connected to the column are simultaneously poured.

It is still another object of the present invention to provide a method of constructing a structure-integrated structure that allows a structure to be easily combined.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a method of using a standardized material of a structure and preventing the cause of deterioration of quality of concrete by allowing cement, sand and water to escape through a gap between existing wooden form joints, It is possible to eliminate the risk of disassembly.

Other objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description of the present invention when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

According to an aspect of the present invention,

A reinforcing bar installing step of installing a bottom reinforcement, a column foundation reinforcement and a part of a rock bolt;

A step of placing a foundation concrete in which a foundation concrete is laid so that a columnar foundation steel is exposed to a foundation upper surface of the foundation concrete to be laid;

Installing a columnar structure, which is fastened to the rock bolt, so that a columnar bar coupled with the exposed foundation steel is located inside;

A step of installing a composite structure for joining with the column structure to form outer edges of beams and slabs of each layer, and installing a slab plate;

A step of installing a composite steel bar with a composite steel bar by the slab plate and the slab plate;

A finishing step in which concrete is laid on the slab plate so that the column, the slab, and the slab are simultaneously laid with concrete embedded in the column structure and the slab plate;

And a control unit.

In addition, the column structure applied to the present invention is characterized in that the column structure further includes a base plate having an internal hollow, fastened to the lock bolt, and closely adhered to the base concrete.

In addition, the column structure applied to the present invention is characterized by being formed of a polygonal shape including a square shape, and a cylindrical shape.

The composite structure according to the present invention is characterized in that a beam forming panel extending downward and a slab outer plate are integrally formed.

The boehmite panel applied to the present invention is characterized by being formed in a square, U-shaped, and angular shape as viewed in cross section.

The present invention has the effect of drastically reducing the time required for dismantling, arranging, carrying out, material and labor costs after the site transfer, transportation, construction period and curing period of the concrete structure.

In addition, the present invention can integrate concrete and reinforcing bars of pillars and slabs in a simple manner and selectively form column-sized holes in the base plate that is installed under the pillars where the pillars and bases meet and connect the foundation bars to the reinforcing bars in the pillars So that the structural reinforcement can be facilitated, and an effect of performing an elegant finish can be obtained.

FIG. 1 is a view showing a construction procedure of a structure-integrated structure according to the present invention.
2 is a view showing a method of constructing an integral structure according to the present invention.
3 is a perspective view of a column structure applied to the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a view showing a combined state of a foundation and a column structure according to the present invention. FIG.
5 is a view showing a construction state of a column structure and a composite structure applied to the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a view showing a state where concrete is placed in a column structure and a composite structure applied to the present invention. FIG.

Hereinafter, one preferred embodiment according to the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. First, functionally identical or similar portions are given the same reference numerals throughout the drawings.

2 is a perspective view illustrating a method of constructing a structure-integrated structure according to the present invention. FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a column structure applied to the present invention. FIG. FIG. 5 is a view showing a construction state of a column structure and a composite structure applied to the present invention, and FIG. 6 is a view showing a column structure and a column structure applied to the column structure according to the present invention. And the concrete is poured into the composite structure.

First, the method of constructing a structure-integrated structure according to an embodiment of the present invention can grasp the construction process as a whole through FIG. 1, and each configuration can be grasped through FIG. 2 to FIG.

The present invention is not limited to the utilization of the illustrated model.

A method for constructing a structure-integrated structure according to an embodiment of the present invention includes a reinforcing bar installation step (S100) for installing a part of a bottom reinforcing bar (10), a column foundation reinforcing bar (20) and a lock bolt (30) ; A base concrete casting step (S200) in which the column reinforcing portion (40) is laid so that the columnar foundation steel (20) is exposed from the foundation upper surface of the foundation concrete to be laid; An installation step S300 of installing the column structure 60 such that the rock bolt 30 and the base plate 32 of the column are fastened and the columnar reinforcing bar 50 joined to the exposed foundation reinforcing bar 20 is located inside ); A step (S400) of installing a composite structure for joining with the column structure 60 to form outer edges of the beams 70 and slabs 80 of the respective layers and installing the slab plate 90; A composite reinforcing bar installing step S500 in which a composite reinforcing bar 110 is installed on the slab plate 90 and the slab plate 100; A finishing step S600 in which concrete is laid on the slab plate 90 and embedded in the column structure 60 and concrete is buried in the slab plate 90 so that the column, the beam 70 and the slab 80 are simultaneously poured; ; ≪ / RTI >

First, a reinforcing bar installing step S100 for installing a part of the bottom reinforcing bars 10, the column foundation reinforcing bars 20, and the lock bolts 30 is a step for installing the components constituting the foundation of the building.

Generally, it is general to install foundation concrete only after installing a bottom reinforcing bar 10 and a column foundation reinforcing bar 20. However, in the present invention, a rock bolt 30 is installed higher than the upper surface of a foundation concrete, 60, respectively.

In order to reinforce the column, the base plate 32 described later can minimize the boundary at the time of foundation casting and pillar finishing casting, and can effectively compensate the force acting on the columnar bar and is effective in preventing cracks and the like.

In addition, the present invention has the advantage that the size of the existing reinforced concrete column can be designed to be smaller because the reinforcing steel reinforces the bending stress (tensile stress) of the pillar plates used for the formwork.

In addition, it can be expanded when the column is reinforced due to design changes in connection with the column structure 60 applied to the present invention, and the concrete connection between the foundation and the column is further strengthened.

A foundation concrete pouring step S200 in which the pillar foundation reinforcement 20 is exposed from the foundation upper surface of the base concrete to be installed in the state as described above and the rock bolts 30 are installed to connect the pillars to the pillar, .

In this case, the foundation is formed through the foundation concrete pouring step (S200). At the same time, the column reinforcing structure (42) can be installed by installing the base plate (32) on the column to reinforce the connection between the foundation and the column.

The column reinforcing structure 42 has a structure in which the interior of the column reinforcing structure 42 is hollow and the base column reinforcing bars 20 enter the interior thereof and the base column reinforcing bars 20 and the column reinforcing bars 50 are successively installed. And is coupled with the lock bolt (30) to reinforce the connection between the column and the base, thereby preventing shaking.

Next, after the column reinforcing structure 42 is removed after curing the foundation concrete, the column bolts 30 and the base plate 32 are fastened together and the column reinforcing bars 50 joined to or connected to the exposed foundation reinforcing bars 20, (S300) in which the columnar structure 60 is installed so that the columnar structure 60 is positioned inside the columnar structure.

The column structure 60 functions as a mold for forming the column, and when the concrete is poured into the column structure 60, it is combined with the existing columnar bar 50, thereby forming a column after curing.

At this time, the steel plate and the concrete inside the column structure 60 may be detached due to foreign substances because of the foreign substance. Therefore, the column structure 60 is pierced and fixed with bolts or reinforcing bars to integrate the steel plate and the concrete.

For this purpose, the column structure 60 according to the present invention has a hollow interior, is fastened to the rock bolts 30, and is integrally formed with a base plate 32 which is in close contact with the foundation concrete.

The base plate 32 is in close contact with the upper surface of the foundation concrete, and the entire column structure 60 is installed in a structure perpendicular to the upper surface of the foundation concrete.

The column structure 60 can be formed into a polygonal or cylindrical shape including a square, which can visually attain the shape of various columns and can be designed in consideration of the arrangement of the columns.

In addition, the column structure 60 is installed so as to vertically extend upwardly to correspond to the respective storeys, and the beam 70 and the slab 80 are installed thereon.

Subsequently, the present invention relates to a composite structure 100 installation step (S400) for installing the slab plate 90 by forming the outlines of the beams 70 and slabs 80 of the respective layers by being combined with the column structures 60, ).

The composite structure 100 according to the present invention is to integrally install the column, the beam 70 and the slab 80, thereby performing a single integrated process as contemplated by the present invention.

The composite structure 100 for this purpose is formed integrally with a slab outer plate 104 and a beam forming panel 102 extending downward.

The beam forming panel 102 may be formed in a rectangular, U-shaped, or quadrangular shape when viewed from the end to form the beam 70, and the slab outer plate 104 may be formed using a concrete overflow And the slab 80 is formed outside.

 The composite structure 100 is installed so as to penetrate through one side of the column structure 60 and is inserted into the column when the concrete is pushed through the column structure 60 penetrating. And finally the beam 70 is formed.

The column structure 60 has a composite reinforcing through groove 62 formed at the upper portion of the column structure 60 where the composite structure 100 is installed and the column structure 60 is connected to the column structure 60 through the composite reinforcing through- Concrete to be pushed is moved.

Particularly, a slab plate 90 is installed on the upper part of the beam forming panel 104 and a beam slab fixing reinforcing bar 110 for reinforcing the slab 80 on the slab plate 90 is installed.

 The present invention is characterized in that the concrete is laid on the slab plate 90 and the concrete is buried in the column structure 60 and the slab plate 90 to pour the columns, the beam 70, and the slab 80 at the same time (S600).

Through the finishing step (S600), the column, the beam 70, and the slab 80 are integrally formed, and a perfect construction is achieved structurally through various reinforcement rods.

The present invention may be embodied in many other forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. Therefore, the above-described embodiments are merely examples in all respects, and should not be construed restrictively. The scope of the present invention is indicated by the appended claims, and the present invention is not restricted by the specification. Modifications and variations falling within the scope of the appended claims all fall within the scope of the present invention.

10: Foundation Reinforcement 20: Column Foundation Reinforcement
30: Lock bolt 32: Base plate
40: column reinforcing portion 50: column reinforcing bar
60: column structure 70: beam
80: slab 90: slab plate
100: Slab plate 110: Beam, slab settlement steel

Claims (6)

A reinforcing bar installing step of installing a bottom reinforcement, a column foundation reinforcement and a part of a rock bolt;
A step of placing a foundation concrete in which a foundation concrete is laid so that a columnar foundation steel is exposed to a foundation upper surface of the foundation concrete to be laid;
A base plate coupled with the rock bolt and having a hollow interior and a base plate adhered to the base concrete such that a columnar bar coupled with the exposed foundation steel is positioned inside the base plate, In order to increase the coupling force between the column structure and the concrete, a hole is formed in the column structure to fix it in the column with bolts or reinforcing bars to integrate the concrete and the column structure, A step of installing a column structure on the upper portion of the column structure to form a composite steel through groove to facilitate movement of the concrete;
A step of installing a composite structure which is combined with the column structure to form outer sides of the beams and slabs of the respective layers, and a composite structure integrally formed with the bottom panel and the slab outer panel to provide a slab plate;
A step of installing a composite steel bar with a composite steel bar by the slab plate and the slab plate;
A finishing step in which concrete is laid on the slab plate so that the column, the slab, and the slab are simultaneously laid with the column structure and the slab plate embedded in the concrete;
Wherein the method comprises the steps of:
delete The method according to claim 1,
Wherein the column structure is formed of a polygonal shape including a square shape and a cylindrical shape.
delete The method according to claim 1,
Wherein the reinforcement panel is formed of a rectangular, U-shaped or square pipe when viewed from a cross section, and reinforced with the structure.
delete
KR1020150152143A 2015-10-30 2015-10-30 Construction method Integrated construction method Construction method KR101660650B1 (en)

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KR1020150152143A KR101660650B1 (en) 2015-10-30 2015-10-30 Construction method Integrated construction method Construction method

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Publications (1)

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH10219829A (en) * 1997-02-07 1998-08-18 Shimizu Corp Execution method for steel frame-reinforced concrete structure
KR20050122138A (en) * 2004-06-23 2005-12-28 (유)선일건설 Concrete structure
JP2007009427A (en) * 2005-06-28 2007-01-18 Architect Design Taurus:Kk Construction method of reinforced concrete building

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH10219829A (en) * 1997-02-07 1998-08-18 Shimizu Corp Execution method for steel frame-reinforced concrete structure
KR20050122138A (en) * 2004-06-23 2005-12-28 (유)선일건설 Concrete structure
KR100626326B1 (en) 2004-06-23 2006-09-20 (유)선일건설 concrete structure
JP2007009427A (en) * 2005-06-28 2007-01-18 Architect Design Taurus:Kk Construction method of reinforced concrete building

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