KR101536095B1 - Grassland management system using drone - Google Patents

Grassland management system using drone Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101536095B1
KR101536095B1 KR1020150006816A KR20150006816A KR101536095B1 KR 101536095 B1 KR101536095 B1 KR 101536095B1 KR 1020150006816 A KR1020150006816 A KR 1020150006816A KR 20150006816 A KR20150006816 A KR 20150006816A KR 101536095 B1 KR101536095 B1 KR 101536095B1
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South Korea
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unit
data
control
pasture
livestock
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KR1020150006816A
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Korean (ko)
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정념
김기일
김민석
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농업회사법인 주식회사 에이치알제주
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q50/00Systems or methods specially adapted for specific business sectors, e.g. utilities or tourism
    • G06Q50/02Agriculture; Fishing; Mining
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64CAEROPLANES; HELICOPTERS
    • B64C29/00Aircraft capable of landing or taking-off vertically
    • B64C29/02Aircraft capable of landing or taking-off vertically having its flight directional axis vertical when grounded

Abstract

The present invention relates to a grazing pasture operation and management method of a hilly district eco-livestock production using a drone and a system thereof. The grazing type grassland management system of the hilly district eco-livestock production using the drone according to the present invention includes a photographing unit (140), the drone (100) which transmits the photographed pasture measurement data and location data, a relay (200) which communicates the control signal of the drone (100), the pasture measurement data, the location data, a control center (300) which receives and manages the pasture measurement data and the location data and controls the collection of information and a flight path, a data server (400) which stores the pasture measurement data and the location data, and an analyzing device (500) which products the growth state of a grassland according to the position.

Description

{Grassland management system using drone}, a non -

The present invention can easily grasp and manage the growth state of grass, which is used for raising livestock such as sheep, by using a unmanned air vehicle such as a drone, and can grasp the distribution state and disease state of livestock, And ICT, to enable the grazing type habitat ecological livestock production, and to a grazing type horticultural farm management and management system using the unmanned aerial vehicle in the mountain habitat.

Techniques have been developed to minimize the use of manpower in order to reduce production costs in raising livestock such as horses, sheep, cattle, and pigs.

As a related art, "Remote Rearing Method Through the Internet" (Korean Patent Registration No. 10-0357250, Patent Document 1), a camera is installed on a farm, a valve for supplying water, food, and medicine is installed, To supply water, food, and medicine to livestock remotely.

The above-described Patent Document 1 has a merit that a camera, a sensor or the like is installed inside a barn to grasp the state of being at a remote place by using Internet communication, and supplies feed, water, and medicine at a remote place, .

However, recently, many cattle raised in a narrow space such as a barn has been suffering from diseases such as mad cow disease, foot-and-mouth disease, avian influenza, and the fact that feeds containing antibiotics are supplied, As a result, the preference for livestock breeding is gradually increasing compared to breeding livestock.

In addition to the difficulty in grasping the position of livestock, difficulties in grasping and managing water supply facilities, and rising production costs due to increased use of manpower to manage the livestock, , It is difficult to cope with rapid changes in natural environment such as abnormal high temperature, low temperature, rainfall, snowfall, etc. Therefore, economical efficiency is low and manpower is required.

In an effort to improve such grazing breeding, "Ubiquitous-based grazing system" (Korean Patent Registration No. 10-1219178, Patent Document 2) discloses a technology for remotely controlling and managing livestock and ranch dogs have.

The above-mentioned Patent Document 2 facilitates the management of grazing livestock by attaching a dispatcher to the livestock, attaching a terminal for receiving video and sound signals to the ranch dog to monitor them, and receiving a command.

The system as in Patent Document 2 can manage the state of the livestock with the image through the ranch dog, but the image condition is poor due to the vibration due to the movement of the ranch dog, so that it is hard to understand it.

In addition, there is a problem that the distribution of the whole livestock can not be accurately grasped even when the grazing livestock is located outside the range where the ranch shoulder can be observed.

In addition, the image of the ranch can not grasp the state of the grazing pasture and can not control facilities such as the water tank remotely.

In particular, it is very important to grasp and manage the state of grass because it is a food supply source for livestock in grazing, but it is difficult to grasp the growth state of whole grass by the same method as in Patent Document 2, It becomes difficult.

In the technology related to grasping the state of the grassland, the "image mounting field survey system and method thereof" (Korean Patent Registration No. 10-0814720, Patent Document 3) related to the management of the forest, To make forest management easier by making field surveys using images and comparing the results with those of existing forests.

However, since grazing grass is generally removed with trees, it is impossible to grasp the state of grass by using only the snow.

In addition, in the case of grassland grazing livestock, the state of the grassland continuously changes as the livestock migrate while eating the grass. Especially, if the livestock graze the grass intensively in only one region, then the grassland will not grow Therefore, the degree and direction of the change must be grasped close to real-time, and it is difficult to apply a technique of producing a clinical image using known images.

On the other hand, unmanned aerial vehicles which have conventionally been used for military reconnaissance have been used for various purposes.

For example, a control system of an unmanned aerial vehicle is disclosed in the "unmanned aerial vehicle control system and method" (Korean Patent Registration No. 10-1286376, Patent Document 4).

Patent Document 4 discloses that a plurality of users can independently control the control device and the photographing device constituting the unmanned aerial vehicle, respectively.

Although control technology of unmanned aerial vehicle has recently been developed as shown in Patent Document 4, there have been no cases developed for the purpose of managing grazing grasses.

It is difficult to grasp the position and state of livestock in grazing pasture and it is difficult to grasp the growth environment of grassland efficiently and it is difficult to efficiently manage the grazing pasture and it is difficult to grasp facility management such as water supply equipment. It is not only inefficient but also difficult to manage due to environmental factors such as temperature or weather environment.

KR 10-0357250 (2002.10.05) KR 10-1219178 (December 31, 2012) KR 10-0814720 (Mar. 12, 2008) KR 10-1286376 (2013.07.09)

The present invention relates to a grazing type pasture management and management system for a mountainous eco-stock livestock using a unmanned aerial vehicle of the present invention for solving the problems caused by the conventional techniques as described above, To the manager to facilitate the setting of the moving direction of the livestock during the breeding of the livestock, thereby ultimately raising the productivity of the livestock.

In addition to providing data on the growth state of the grass, it is possible to provide a management route to the livestock in comparison with the distribution and moving state of the livestock, thereby enabling an automated grass management.

In addition, the total number of livestock and the change in body temperature of the livestock using the infrared camera can be grasped so that the livestock can be easily managed by grasping and reporting abnormalities of livestock and livestock.

That is, the present invention can effectively grasp the growth environment of grassland, location distribution and condition of livestock, and the state of the facility, and minimizes the required manpower, and minimizes environment variables such as temperature and weather change, I want to be able to graze effectively.

In addition, we will utilize telecommunication equipments such as the Internet of things so that the management of facilities such as water supply facility and livestock disease management can be performed in a comprehensive manner beyond the grasping of grassland state, ultimately realizing unmanned smart farm.

In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, the grazing type pasture management and management system using the unmanned aerial vehicle of the present invention can photograph the facilities such as grassland and fence and can distinguish according to the growth state of the grassland, And a flight information unit 120 for detecting position information while navigating the route so as to automatically fly the specified route over the grass land to unmanned places to photograph the grass land, An unmanned object (100) for transmitting the photographed pasture observation data and position data; A repeater 200 communicating with the unmanned air vehicle 100 to communicate control signals of the unmanned air vehicle 100, pasture observation data and position data; A controller 300 connected to the repeater 200 to receive and manage pasture observation data and position data photographed by the unmanned air vehicle 100 and to control the collection of flight paths and information; A data server 400 connected to the control station 300 and storing pastoral observation data and location data; And an analyzer 500 for calculating the growth state of grassland by location using the pasture observation data and location data stored in the data server 400.

The pasture observation data may include a state of grassland, a moving state of livestock, a state of damage to a facility such as a fence or a water supply facility, and the like.

In the above-described configuration, the UAV 100 may include a communication unit 160 for communicating with the control station 300 and transmitting / receiving control signals, pasture observation data, and position data; A control unit (110) connected to the communication unit (160), controlling the designated route flight, controlling and monitoring the photographing of the photographing unit and the detection of position data; A photographing unit 140 photographing the growth state of the grass and the state of the facility under the control of the control unit 110; A flight information unit 120 for detecting position information while operating the route through the control of the control unit 110; And a flight propulsion unit 150 for outputting the flight power of the UAV 100 under the control of the controller 110. [

In addition, the flight information unit 120 includes a fiber-wound portion 121 for detecting the position of the unmanned air vehicle 100 under the control of the control unit 110 by using the GPS information; An orientation sensor 122 for detecting a direction in which the unmanned object 100 travels under the control of the controller 110; An altitude sensor unit 123 for detecting an altitude at which the unmanned air vehicle 100 is flying under the control of the controller 110; A gyro sensor unit 124 for detecting a direction in which the unmanned air vehicle 100 travels under the control of the controller 110; And a speed sensor 125 for detecting the speed at which the unmanned air vehicle 100 travels under the control of the controller 110. [

The analysis apparatus 500 is characterized in that a livestock distribution calculation unit 520 for calculating the distribution state of livestock using the pasture observation data stored in the data server 400 is provided.

In addition, the analysis apparatus 500 is characterized in that a health state check unit 534 for checking the health state of livestock using the pasture observation data stored in the data server 400 is provided.

In addition, the analyzing apparatus 500 is further provided with a movement path calculating unit 535 for calculating a path through which the livestock should move using the calculated growth state data of the grass and the distribution state data of the livestock.

The analysis apparatus 500 may further include a correction unit that corrects the growth state of the grass produced using the altitude data calculated by the altitude sensor unit 123 of the flight information unit 120 so as to be a data value on the same altitude, And a processing unit 540 are provided.

Meanwhile, the grassland is provided with a facility management unit including a control valve, a water level sensor and a communication unit for supplying and supplying medicines. The analysis unit 500 uses the facility management unit and the communication unit to transmit the water level information through the water level sensor And a facility management control unit 570 for controlling the operation of the control valve after reception.

A method for operating and managing a grazing type pasture of a mountainous eco-stock livestock using the unmanned aerial vehicle according to the present invention is a method for operating a grazing type pasture, A preparation step of preparing an unmanned air vehicle (100) having a navigation information unit (140) and a flight information unit (120) for detecting position information while navigating an airway; Photographing grassland by flying the unmanned air vehicle (100) to form pasture observation data for each location; And providing the photographed data and the position data for each photographing data to the user or the manager.

The method further includes analyzing the pasture observation data and classifying the state of the pasture land according to the location in numerical values to provide the user or the manager with the annual pasture of the domestic herd.

Further, the method further includes the step of analyzing the pasture observation data to calculate a route or a distribution route of the livestock on the entire grassland and providing it to a user or an administrator.

The method may further include calculating a route to move the livestock using the movement path or distribution of the livestock and the state data of the grass, and providing the path to the user or the administrator.

According to the present invention, it is possible to improve the productivity of livestock breeding by facilitating the setting of the moving direction of the livestock when the grazing livestock is raised by imaging the grass using the unmanned air vehicle such as a drone, do.

In addition, it is possible to provide a management route of a livestock in comparison with the distribution and moving state of a livestock, rather than simply providing data on the growth state of the grassland, thereby enabling automated grassland management.

In addition, the total number of livestock and the change in body temperature of the livestock using the infrared camera can be grasped, so that it is possible to easily manage the livestock by identifying and providing the livestock departure, abnormality signs of the livestock and intrusion of the external livestock.

That is, the present invention can effectively grasp the growth environment of grassland, the position, distribution and condition of the livestock, and the state of the facility with the unmanned aerial vehicle, thereby minimizing the required manpower, and minimizing environmental variables such as temperature and weather change, It is possible to effectively graze the crop.

In addition, communication facilities such as the Internet of things can be actively utilized to manage facility facilities such as water supply facilities and fences, and livestock disease management in a comprehensive manner beyond the grasping of grassland status, ultimately realizing an unmanned smart farm.

1 is a schematic view showing a grazing type pasture management and management system of mountainous ecological livestock using the unmanned aerial vehicle of the present invention.
2 is a diagram showing another configuration of the pasture management and management system of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a schematic view showing an unmanned aerial vehicle and a repeater according to the present invention. FIG.
4 is a block diagram showing an analyzing apparatus and an analyzing station in the present invention;
5 is a configuration view showing a facility management unit and an analysis apparatus in the present invention.
6 is a flowchart showing an example of a navigation method based on an unmanned aerial vehicle in the present invention.

Hereinafter, the grazing type pasture management and management system of the mountainous ecological animal husbandry using the unmanned aerial vehicle of the present invention will be described in detail.

In describing the detailed configuration of the present invention, a description of a well-known technical content which is not directly related to the present invention will be omitted.

The management system of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. 1. The management system includes the unmanned aerial vehicle 100, the repeater 200, the control station 300, the data server 400, and the analysis device 500.

The unmanned aerial vehicle (100) includes a photographing unit (140) for photographing facilities such as grassland and fence and forming pasture observation data which can be distinguished according to the growth state of the grassland and can check the condition of the facility, A flight information unit 120 for detecting information is provided to automatically photograph the grassland by automatically flying over the specified route over the grassland and transmit the photographed pasture observation data and the position data.

The unmanned aerial vehicle 100 is wired or wirelessly connected to the unmanned aerial vehicle 300 through the repeater 200 and is automatically or manually input and then travels along the loaded designated route, SYSTEM) position information, flight direction information, altitude information, direction information by a three-axis gyro, flight information including velocity information by a three-axis sensor, and data photographed through a photographing unit, Or after provisional storage.

3, the unmanned air vehicle 100 includes a control unit 110, a photographing unit 140, a flight information unit 120, and a flight propulsion unit 150. The unmanned air vehicle 100 includes a communication unit 160, (200).

The communication unit 160 communicates with the control station 300 and transmits and receives control signals, pasture observation data, and position data.

Specifically, a signal transmitted / received between the wireless air vehicle 100 and the control station 300 may be wirelessly transmitted to a mobile phone terminal or the like.

As an example of the configuration of the communication unit 160, an unillustrated mobile communication unit connected to various wireless networks such as a mobile communication network and wirelessly transmitting and receiving a control signal and observed signals, and a mobile communication unit for amplifying and transmitting signals transmitted / And an unillustrated radio unit for wirelessly connecting and communicating with the radio frequency coordinator at a corresponding dedicated frequency.

At this time, a functional unit for transmitting / receiving multimedia signals by a method of the latest wireless network technology such as 3G, WiBro and LTE may be included.

The control unit 110 connects to the communication unit 160, controls the designated route flight, and controls and monitors the photographing of the photographing unit and the detection of position data.

Specifically, the control unit 150 analyzes the route information recorded in the memory unit 130 and controls the flight promoting unit 150 so that the user can fly along the predetermined route, while controlling the photographing unit 140 and the flight information unit 120, To capture and detect necessary information.

The photographing unit 140 may be configured by a camera that photographs the growth state of grass under the control of the control unit 110. [

More preferably, it is composed of an infrared camera mounted on a drones or a UAV so that it can be expressed in different shades or colors depending on the growth state of the grass.

Especially, in case of the infrared camera, when the livestock is located in the grass, the color of the livestock can be grasped by displaying a different color from the grass according to the body temperature of the livestock.

At this time, the photographing unit 140 may be provided with a filter device for blocking incident light as required, and may also be a device capable of photographing photographed data, both moving images and photographs.

The pasture observation data formed by photographing is applied to the control unit 110 and the control unit 110 records the data in the allocated area of the memory unit 130 and controls the communication unit 160 to transmit the data to the control station 300 in real time .

The flight information section 120 detects the position information while operating the route by the control of the control section 110. [

For example, the control unit 110 controls the control unit 110 to control the position of the unmanned air vehicle 100 according to the geofust information. The control unit 110 controls the orientation of the unmanned air vehicle 100 An altitude sensor section 123 for detecting an altitude at which the unmanned air vehicle 100 is flying under the control of the control section 110 and a control section 110 for controlling the unmanned air vehicle 100 A gyro sensor unit 124 for detecting a direction in which the unmanned air vehicle 100 travels and a speed sensor unit 125 for detecting a speed at which the unmanned air vehicle 100 is flying under the control of the control unit 110.

In addition, the flight information unit 120 may further include a proximity sensor unit 126 for detecting the position of a horizontal or vertical obstacle during flight.

The proximity sensor unit 126 may be a laser sensor, but is not limited thereto.

If the proximity sensor unit 126 recognizes that the obstacle is present on the flight orbit, the information is transmitted to the control unit 110 and changed to a temporary route stored in the memory unit 130 in real time, ) To switch directions.

Alternatively, the notification may be notified to the operator through the communication unit 160, and the route may be changed through the radio controller 170.

Referring to FIG. 2, the radio controller 170 may receive the set data of the control station 300 and automatically adjust to take-off, charge, and landing.

Alternatively, the manager may manually take-off and land the vehicle without being under the control of the control station 300.

Alternatively, an obstacle generation signal generated through the proximity sensor unit 126 may be transmitted to the control station 300, and the control unit may control the flight control unit 340 of the control station 300 to switch the direction and fly .

The flight information unit 120 having such a configuration detects the information on the route through which the unmanned air vehicle 100 travels and applies the same to the control unit 110. The control unit 110 records the information in the allocated area of the memory unit 130, (160) and sends it to the control station (300) in real time.

The flight propulsion unit 150 outputs the flight power of the unmanned air vehicle 100 under the control of the control unit 110. The flight propulsion unit 150 generates the propulsion force by the control, and adjusts the flight direction and the like.

Accordingly, when the proximity sensor unit 126 transmits the position of the obstacle along with the travel through the input route, it adjusts the flight direction accordingly.

The memory unit 130 records, updates, and manages route information, past observation data, and position data to be flown by the UAV 100 under the control of the controller 110 in the allocated areas.

The repeater 200 communicates with the unmanned air vehicle 100 and communicates the control signal of the unmanned air vehicle 100 with the pasture observation data and the position data.

For example, it may be a radio network, and may be operated through a base station having a certain radius of service area or a cell or a base station antenna or an antenna facility, which is composed of various known mobile communication networks such as cellular and WiBro.

The control unit 300 is connected to the repeater 200 to receive and manage the pasture observation data and the location data captured by the unmanned air vehicle 100, and controls the collection of the flight route and information.

More specifically, as shown in FIG. 4, a first communication unit 320 for connecting to the repeater 200 is provided, and a flight control unit 340 for remotely controlling automatic and manual flight of the UAV 100 is provided The control unit 310 receives and monitors the pasture observation data and position data formed by the unmanned air vehicle 100 in real time and records and updates the data in the data server 400 at predetermined time intervals, May be provided in real time to a connected user or a livestock stockpile using a public network such as a wired and wireless communication means and a web server.

In this case, the unmanned air vehicle 100 may be equipped with a separate station for supplying power or fuel and inputting a route. However, as shown in the figure, the control unit 300 may be configured as a charging station type, So that power supply charging and data transmission can be performed.

The data server 400 is connected to the control station 300 to store pasture observation data and location data.

The data server 400 records and manages the pasture observation data and the position data observed and observed by the unmanned aerial vehicle 100 under the control of the control station 300, Lt; / RTI >

At this time, data formed in the flight information unit 120 may be stored in the data server 400.

The analysis apparatus 500 calculates the growth state of grassland by location using the pasture observation data and the location data stored in the data server 400.

4, the analyzer 500 receives the data stored in the data server 400 and processes the data in association with the data server 400 in response to the control unit 510. FIG.

The control unit 510 is electrically connected to the data calculation unit 530, the data storage unit 520, the correction processing unit 540, the output unit 550, and the communication unit 560.

The data calculation unit 530 includes a paddy-stale state calculation unit 531 for calculating a paddy-growing state, a paddy-field distribution calculation unit 532 for calculating the distribution of livestock in grassland, a total livestock amount A health state checking unit 534 for checking the health state of the livestock, a movement path calculating unit 535 for calculating the moving path of the livestock, and a fence state checking unit 536).

In addition, the data storage unit 520 includes a papermak state storage unit 521 for storing the papermakon growth state data so that the data processed and formed by each calculation unit can be stored, a papermakage distribution storage unit A health state storage unit 524 for storing health state data of livestock, a movement route storage unit 525 for storing livestock movement route data, And a fence state storage unit 526 for storing the state of the fence.

The pasture state calculation unit 531 may be configured to compare the pasture observation data provided from the data server 400 with the color of each step stored in the comparison data storage unit (not shown), and to store the pasted data in a similar color.

At this time, the papermaking state data, which is the calculated grade data, may be stored in the papermaking state calculating unit 531 under the control of the control unit 510. [

Likewise, the livestock distribution calculating unit 532 also compares the livestock location data due to the color difference on the pasture observation data with the area data that is obtained by dividing the pasture stored in the unshown comparison data storing unit, And the data can be stored in the livestock distribution storage unit 522.

The total amount of poultry calculating unit 533 calculates the total amount data in the pile by counting each point represented by the difference in color on the pasture observation data and is also stored in the total poultry storage unit 523 under the control of the control unit 510 .

The health status checking unit 534 stores the reference hue at the time of body temperature in the comparison data storage unit and then compares the hue at the reference body temperature with the image of each livestock in the health state checking unit 534 to determine whether the temperature is high or low And may be stored in the health state checking unit 534.

At this time, a communication chip having a unique number is inserted in each livestock, a transmission chip such as RFID and Bluetooth is installed, and reception equipment is installed in the unmanned air vehicle 100 so that the individual temperature status of each livestock can be confirmed, The animal health status check may also be performed.

The movement path calculating unit 535 calculates the path through which the livestock should move by receiving the data stored in the papermillation storage unit 521 and the livestock distribution storage unit 522, It is possible to move in accordance with the direction calculated by the movement path calculating section 535 to perform stable grass management.

The information calculated by the movement path calculation unit 535 may be stored in the movement path storage unit 525 under the control of the control unit 510. [

Information on the status of the fans collected in the fancy status checking unit 536 may be stored in the fancy status storage unit 526 under the control of the control unit 510. [

In addition, each data calculated and stored in the analyzing apparatus 500 can be processed through an output unit 550 such as a monitor and a printer, and can be processed through a communication unit 560 to a mobile communication terminal, a smart pad or the like Be provided to livestock breeding states or administrators.

In the above-described configuration, the unmanned aerial vehicle 100 is operated at the same altitude on the grassy ground so that images photographed by an infrared camera can be maintained by a certain standard, but altitude changes may occur due to obstacles and the like.

In this case, the color of the photographed image may be displayed differently depending on the altitude, and thus a problem may arise.

In order to prevent such a problem, the analysis apparatus 500 may be configured to correct the growth state of the grass, which is calculated using the altitude data calculated by the altitude sensor unit 123 of the flight information unit 120, And the correction processing unit 540 for processing may be provided.

For example, when the average photographing altitude is 20m, when the altitude is increased per m, when the brightness of the photographed image is lowered, the data for the correction is stored based on the reference photographing altitude The data storage unit is connected to the correction processing unit 540. The correction processing unit 540 calculates the difference from the reference image pickup height in accordance with the altitude signal received from the altitude sensor unit 123, After the correction process is performed by comparison, the final growth state of the grass can be calculated.

In the above-described configuration, the communication unit 560 of the analyzer 500 may have an alarm function so that it can be managed or informed to the owner when an abnormal symptom occurs.

According to the present invention configured as described above, it becomes possible to grasp remotely the state of the facilities such as the growth state of the grass, the distribution of the livestock on the grassland, the total amount of the livestock, It is possible to automatically set the route on which the livestock should move.

That is, it is possible not only to grasp the growth state of the grass but also to check the state of the livestock.

It can be used more aggressively to grasp the supply status of water and chemicals in addition to the feeding pool, and to control the supply of water and chemicals from a remote place.

Specifically, the facility management unit 600 includes at least one water supply facility 610 and a medicine supply facility 620, and the water supply facility 610 is provided with a water supply control system And a communication unit 613 for enabling Internet communication of ICT, IoT, and RFID methods, and a medicine supply facility (not shown) 620 also includes a chemical control valve 621, a chemical level sensor 622 and a communication unit 623. The analysis apparatus 500 is provided with a facility management control unit 570 and is controlled by the facility management control unit 570 And may be configured to control opening and closing of each of the valves based on information provided from each sensor.

In particular, it is also very important to prevent cattle from escaping from the outside or from entering the cattle from outside while maintaining the pasture by grazing.

In addition, it is also necessary to prevent the phenomenon that the livestock of each herd are mixed with each other when breeding the grass by dividing the livestock according to the type of the livestock by punching the grassland in various communities or by classifying the livestock according to the growth condition.

Also, it is necessary to prevent the phenomenon that the facilities are damaged due to aging or natural disasters in the state where the livestock protection facility is installed, and the damage of the livestock such as sheep by receiving the facilities such as the pans.

For this, it is also good to monitor the pans installed in the grassland.

As a method of monitoring the fence status, a sensor capable of checking whether a breakage has occurred can be installed in the entire fence, and the facility management unit 600 includes a sensor 630 including a sensor or a sensor as shown in FIG. 5, And communicates with the analysis apparatus 500 so that notification and control can be performed.

In the facility management unit 600, the communication method may utilize Internet communication as shown in the figure, but the present invention is not limited thereto, and communication may be performed using the repeater 200.

Alternatively, the photographing range of the photographing unit 140 can be photographed up to the pans without a separate sensor or a sensor, and mapping and comparison of continuously photographed fence observing data can be performed to detect the occurrence of an abnormality and generate a warning.

To this end, the analysis apparatus 500 is further provided with a fence status checking unit 536 for mapping and comparing the continuously captured observation data of the pasture, and a fancy status storage unit 526 for storing the analysis data It will be possible.

In the above-described configuration, the analyzing apparatus 500 analyzes not only the growth state of the grass but also the state of the distribution of the livestock on the grassland and the state of the facilities such as the livestock protection facilities such as the fence and the water supply facilities, It will be a smart farm system.

Hereinafter, an example of a method of managing grassland for livestock raising using the unmanned aerial vehicle according to the present invention will be described with reference to FIG.

When the unmanned aerial vehicle 300 is operated by the control station 300 in the designated route (S210), the route information to be observed by flying is selected and the selected route information is input to the unmanned air vehicle 100 (S220 ).

A method of inputting route information selected by the control station 300 to the unmanned air vehicle 100 may be a wired connection or a wireless connection through a wireless network, do.

The control station 300 controls the automatic guided vehicle 100 to automatically or manually control the automatic guided vehicle 100 to fly along the designated route in step S230 and displays all information detected and detected by the automatic guided vehicle 100 in real- REALTIME), and records or stores the data in the data server 400 to update and manage the data in real time (S240).

As described above, the information recorded and stored in the data server 400 and updated and managed is provided to the administrator or the owner in real time via the web server or the like through the relay 200 in operation S250.

The above-described analysis apparatus 500 analyzes the collected observation data, and numerically classifies the state of the grass by location, and provides the data to the user or the manager.

In addition, the observation data is analyzed to provide a route or a distribution of livestock on the entire grass, and the information is provided to a user or an administrator, and the total amount of livestock, the temperature change state of the livestock, and the state of facilities such as fences are analyzed and provided.

In addition, a path to move the livestock using the movement route or distribution of the livestock and the state data of the grassland is calculated and provided to the user or the manager.

Meanwhile, when the control unit 300 determines that it is necessary to modify the route to be traveled by the unmanned air vehicle 100 through real-time monitoring (S260), the control station 300 may control to input the modified route information remotely. (S270).

If an obstacle is detected by the proximity sensor unit 126, it can be controlled to fly according to the corrected route information.

If the control unit 300 wishes to manually control the return port of the unmanned object 100 at step S280, the control unit 200 manually controls the landing at step S290 so as to land the station at the station (S300) (S290).

When the pasture observation data and the location data are stored in the data server 400, the analysis apparatus 500 calculates the growth state and the facility maintenance state of the grassland by location as described above, .

The present invention can be applied to fields where the growth state of plants such as large rice paddies, fields, and golf courses must be grasped.

100: unmanned aerial vehicle 110:
120: flight information section 121: GPS section
122: orientation sensor unit 123: altitude sensor unit
124: 3-axis gyro sensor unit 125: 3-axis speed sensor unit
126: proximity sensor unit 130: memory unit
140: photographing unit 150: flight propulsion unit
160: communication unit 170: radio control device
200: repeater 300: control station
310: control unit 320: first communication unit
330: Route input unit 340: Flight control unit
350: charger unit 360: second communication unit
400: Data server 500: Analyzer
510: control unit 520: data storage unit
521: Grassland state storage unit 522: Livestock distribution storage unit
523: total animal stock storage unit 524: health state storage unit
525: Travel path storage unit 526: Fancy status storage unit
530: Data calculation unit 531: Grassland status calculation unit
532: Livestock distribution calculation unit 533: Total Livestock Calculation Unit
534: health state checking unit 535: movement path calculating unit
536: Fans state checking unit 540:
550: output unit 560: communication unit
570: facility management control unit 600: facility management unit
610: water supply equipment 611: water supply control valve
612: Water level sensor 613:
620: Chemical supply equipment 621: Chemical supply control valve
622: chemical level sensor 623: communication section
630:

Claims (12)

  1. A photographing unit 140 for photographing grassland to form pasture observation data that can be distinguished according to the growth state of the grassland and a flight information unit 120 for detecting position information while navigating the route, (100) for photographing grassland and automatically transmitting the photographed pasture observation data and position data;
    A repeater 200 communicating with the unmanned air vehicle 100 to communicate control signals of the unmanned air vehicle 100, pasture observation data and position data;
    A controller 300 connected to the repeater 200 to receive and manage pasture observation data and position data photographed by the unmanned air vehicle 100 and to control the collection of flight paths and information;
    A data server 400 connected to the control station 300 and storing pastoral observation data and location data;
    And an analysis device 500 for calculating the growth state of grassland by location using the pasture observation data and location data stored in the data server 400,
    The unmanned aerial vehicle (100)
    A communication unit 160 for establishing communication with the control station 300 and transmitting / receiving control signals, pasture observation data, and position data;
    A control unit (110) connected to the communication unit (160), controlling the designated route flight, controlling and monitoring the photographing of the photographing unit and the detection of position data;
    A photographing unit 140 photographing the growth state of grass under the control of the control unit 110;
    A flight information unit 120 for detecting position information while operating the route through the control of the control unit 110;
    And a flight propulsion unit 150 for outputting the flight power of the UAV 100 under the control of the controller 110,
    The flight information section 120,
    A dust unit 121 for detecting the position of the unmanned air vehicle 100 by the control of the control unit 110 according to the information on the gypsum track;
    An orientation sensor 122 for detecting a direction in which the unmanned object 100 travels under the control of the controller 110;
    An altitude sensor unit 123 for detecting an altitude at which the unmanned air vehicle 100 is flying under the control of the controller 110;
    A gyro sensor unit 124 for detecting a direction in which the unmanned air vehicle 100 travels under the control of the controller 110;
    And a speed sensor unit 125 for detecting the speed at which the unmanned air vehicle 100 travels under the control of the controller 110,
    The analysis apparatus 500 includes a livestock distribution calculation unit 520 for calculating the distribution state of livestock using the pasture observation data stored in the data server 400 and the distribution state data of the pasture, A route calculation unit 535 for calculating a route through which the livestock should be moved by using the altitude sensor unit 123 of the flight information unit 120, And a correction processing unit 540 for correcting the data value to be a data value on the basis of the correction value,
    Wherein the photographing unit (140) includes an infrared camera for grasping the growth state of the grass with shades or color bodies and for grasping the distribution state of the livestock in a color body corresponding to the body temperature of the livestock.
    The management and management system of grazing type pasture in mountain ecosystem using unmanned aerial vehicle.
  2. delete
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  4. delete
  5. The method according to claim 1,
    Wherein the analyzing apparatus (500) comprises a health condition checking unit (534) for checking the health state of livestock using the pasture observation data stored in the data server (400)
    The management and management system of grazing type pasture in mountain ecosystem using unmanned aerial vehicle.
  6. delete
  7. delete
  8. The method according to claim 1,
    The grassland is provided with a facility management unit including a control valve for supplying and supplying water, a water level sensor, and a communication unit.
    Wherein the analysis apparatus 500 includes a facility management control unit 570 for controlling the operation of the control valve after receiving the water level information through the water level sensor using the facility management unit and the communication unit.
    The management and management system of grazing type pasture in mountain ecosystem using unmanned aerial vehicle.
  9. delete
  10. delete
  11. delete
  12. delete
KR1020150006816A 2015-01-14 2015-01-14 Grassland management system using drone KR101536095B1 (en)

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WO2017022994A1 (en) * 2015-07-31 2017-02-09 김늘 Method for providing putting-on-green information
KR101739262B1 (en) * 2015-08-04 2017-05-24 창원대학교 산학협력단 The unmanned air vehicle for castaway tracking
WO2017039077A1 (en) * 2015-09-01 2017-03-09 (주)티엘씨테크놀로지 Mobile base station device for disasters, using drone, and operating method therefor
KR101707114B1 (en) 2015-09-02 2017-02-15 주식회사 한글과컴퓨터 Drone air station system and method for operating drone using the same
KR101729856B1 (en) * 2015-09-30 2017-05-02 강철 Low altitude remote monitoring system combining dedicated communication network and internet of things configuration
CN105427279A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-03-23 中国农业大学 Grassland drought status monitoring system based on and machine vision and Internet of things, grassland drought status monitoring method
KR101644797B1 (en) 2015-11-13 2016-08-02 김세봉 Precise position management system on unmanned aerial vehicle
KR101648680B1 (en) * 2015-11-19 2016-08-16 이화여자대학교 산학협력단 Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
KR101846318B1 (en) * 2015-11-20 2018-05-18 김민용 Object and man management system using unmanned air vehicle
WO2017127188A1 (en) * 2016-01-18 2017-07-27 Dinklage Feed Yards, Inc. Unmanned livestock monitoring system and methods of use
KR101821992B1 (en) * 2016-08-22 2018-03-08 아주대학교 산학협력단 Method and apparatus for computing 3d position of target using unmanned aerial vehicles
KR20180045646A (en) 2016-10-26 2018-05-04 한국항공우주연구원 Non-motorized type flying unit for observation
US10753714B2 (en) 2016-10-26 2020-08-25 Korea Aerospace Research Institute Non-motorized type flying unit for observation
WO2018112272A1 (en) * 2016-12-14 2018-06-21 Herdx, Inc. Livestock management
GB2572304A (en) * 2016-12-14 2019-09-25 Herdx Inc Livestock management
ES2684843A1 (en) * 2017-03-31 2018-10-04 Hemav Technology, S.L. Crop treatment procedure (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
KR20190106419A (en) 2018-03-09 2019-09-18 파스코 (주) Drone with image correction function for managing yard and system for managing yard using the same
KR20200000570A (en) 2018-06-25 2020-01-03 이광윤 Method, apparatus and computer program for crop monitoring

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