KR101368299B1 - vegetables cultivation device for use of home - Google Patents

vegetables cultivation device for use of home Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101368299B1
KR101368299B1 KR1020120034844A KR20120034844A KR101368299B1 KR 101368299 B1 KR101368299 B1 KR 101368299B1 KR 1020120034844 A KR1020120034844 A KR 1020120034844A KR 20120034844 A KR20120034844 A KR 20120034844A KR 101368299 B1 KR101368299 B1 KR 101368299B1
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
lighting plate
pot
vegetable cultivation
cultivation device
flower pot
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KR1020120034844A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20130112453A (en
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문지혜
이재욱
정순진
이상미
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대한민국
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Abstract

By using artificial light to eliminate the symptoms of vegetables and white LED suitable for inducing red expression of red vegetables, there is disclosed a home vegetable cultivation device provided to easily improve the product value of vegetables grown at home.

Description

[0001] The present invention relates to a vegetable cultivation apparatus,

The present invention relates to a home vegetable cultivation apparatus, and more particularly, to a home vegetable cultivation apparatus that is easy to improve the product value of vegetables grown at home.

Recently, organic vegetables have been popularized, and more and more households are using vegetables and growing them directly.

And when growing vegetables at home, they often use verandas or windows that are easily sunlit.

However, even in the case of a veranda or a window, there is a limit to secure sufficient amount of sunshine required for vegetable cultivation. In this case, artificial light is used instead of natural light.

As the artificial light, LEDs (Light Emitting Diodes), which have a long lifespan and low power consumption, are widely used. Among them, red LEDs having high photosynthetic efficiency or blue LEDs capable of expressing red color of vegetables are mainly used.

However, in the case of red light, photosynthetic efficiency is high, but it is easy to cause the growth of vegetables, and in many cases, the red product of vegetables such as red lettuce is suppressed to reduce the product value of vegetables. In addition, in the case of blue light, unlike the red light, the red color of the vegetable is possible, but it is not suitable for obtaining a healthy vegetable due to its low growth, and is disadvantageous in yield.

Therefore, until recently, most households have not grown vegetables that have high commodity value as their desire for growing vegetables.

In order to make up for the shortcomings of artificial light, it is also possible to consider increasing the amount of natural light.However, in this case, you need to move the pots to cultivate vegetables to the point where the sun shines well. It is difficult to quickly replace it with an artificial light environment, making it difficult to grow vegetables.

The present invention is to solve this problem, it is an object of the present invention to provide a household vegetable cultivation device that is easy to improve the product value of vegetables grown at home.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide a home vegetable cultivation device that is easy to appropriately apply artificial light and natural light according to the amount of sunlight in the room.

In order to achieve the above object, the home vegetable cultivation apparatus according to the present invention includes a flower pot provided for planting vegetables, and an LED stand provided exclusively for white light to irradiate white light toward the planted vegetables with a plurality of white LEDs. Characterized in that it is provided integrally.

The LED stand includes a lighting plate on which the plurality of white LEDs are installed, the flower pot is provided in a tubular shape open to the top, the lighting plate is characterized in that the height adjustment is provided directly on the pot. .

The LED stand further includes a mounting base for mounting the illumination plate, and the mounting base is provided so as to be able to expand and contract in a vertical direction.

The LED stand includes a lighting plate on which the plurality of white LEDs are installed, and the flower pot is provided in a tubular shape open upward, and the lighting plate is provided to be rotatable directly above the flower pot.

The LED stand further includes a mounting base for mounting the illumination plate, and the illumination plate is rotatably connected to the mounting base in a vertical direction.

The plant further comprises a body for supporting the lower portion of the pot so that the pot is detachably stacked on the top, the mounting stand is fixed to the body to be placed in the state adjacent to the pot outside the pot side wall, the lighting plate is the It is characterized in that the hinge is coupled to the top of the mounting to be in parallel with the mounting in a state rotated directly above the mounting.

The LED stand further includes a mounting base for mounting the illumination plate, and the illumination plate is rotatably connected to the mounting base in a horizontal direction.

The plant further comprises a body for supporting the lower portion of the pot so that the pot is detachably stacked on the top, the mounting bracket is fixed to the body so as to be placed in the state adjacent to the pot outside the side wall of the pot, the lighting plate is one side It is characterized in that the hinge is coupled to the mounting through the end.

The pot further includes a body for supporting the lower portion of the pot so that the pot is detachably stacked on the top, wherein the LED stand includes a light plate on which the plurality of white LEDs are installed, and the pot is a tub shape open to the top It is provided, the lighting plate is installed on the upper portion of the pot through the mounting stand, characterized in that the mounting stand is fixed to the body so as to be placed outside the side wall of the pot.

The LED stand includes a lighting plate on which the plurality of white LEDs are installed, the flower pot is provided in a cylindrical shape open to the top, the lighting plate is located directly above the flower pot, the size of the lighting plate is It is provided according to the size of the opening of the pot, characterized in that the plurality of white LED is evenly disposed on the lower surface of the lighting plate as a whole.

The flower pot further includes a body supporting the lower portion of the flower pot to be detachably stacked on the upper portion, wherein the flower pot and the LED stand are integrally connected through the body, and a wheel for movement is provided at the bottom of the body. .

The white LED is characterized in that the maximum light amount of 300 ~ 350 umolm -2 s - 1 .

As described above, the home vegetable cultivation apparatus according to the present invention can eliminate the overgrowth of vegetables as artificial light and easily improve the product value of vegetables grown at home by dedicating white LEDs suitable for inducing red expression of red vegetables. You can do it.

In particular, vegetables grown in a limited space under the LED stand lighting plate are suppressed by white LEDs dedicated to the lighting plate, so that the height of the vegetables does not grow excessively in an environment in which intercalation growth is induced. There is no risk of deterioration of irradiation efficiency, and the number of leaves of vegetables increases and the size of leaves increases through intercalated growth so that vegetables such as lettuce can be harvested for a longer period with good quality.

In addition, the home vegetable cultivation apparatus according to the present invention is provided so that the structure of the LED stand is provided for white LED only can be applied to the natural light and white light according to the change in the amount of sunshine, such as easy to separate the work of the pot and do not block the natural light. The quality of vegetables grown at home can be improved.

1 is a perspective view illustrating a structure of a domestic vegetable growing apparatus according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view showing the main structure of the home vegetable cultivation apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 3 is a side view showing the structure of the home vegetable cultivation apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, showing a height adjustment operation of the lighting plate.
Figure 4 is a side view showing the structure of the home vegetable cultivation apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, showing a rotation operation of the lighting plate.
Figure 5 is a side view showing the structure of the home vegetable cultivation apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, showing a state that the potted plant is separated into the upper body.
Figure 6 is a bottom view showing the structure of the lighting plate in the home vegetable cultivation apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 7 is a side view showing the structure of a home vegetable cultivation apparatus according to another embodiment of the present invention.

The present invention relates to a home vegetable cultivation device provided to conveniently apply artificial light and natural light according to the amount of sunshine changes, the home vegetable cultivation device is configured to facilitate the product value of vegetables grown at home.

First, the home vegetable cultivation apparatus according to the present invention is dedicated to the white light formed through the white LED as artificial light.

Since white light is easy to prevent the growth of vegetables and induces red expression of red vegetables, the home vegetable cultivation device that is dedicated to the white light as artificial light is advantageous to increase the product value of vegetables grown at home.

In other words, unlike a plant cultivation plant equipped with a precision temperature control facility, a family that cannot control the temperature precisely exhibits the symptom of vegetables growing at a high red light ratio. Summer accelerates even more. On the other hand, in the case of the white LED, even if the room temperature is high, the vegetables do not cause the symptoms of overgrowth, and the white LED is advantageous in the red expression of the red vegetables, unlike the red LED, which makes it difficult to express the red color of vegetables such as red lettuce. do.

In addition, in the case of blue LEDs, red vegetables can be expressed in red, but the growth is less secured compared to the red LEDs. In contrast, white LEDs have advantageous advantages in both induction and growth of red expression.

Tables 1 to 5 below show the comparison of the effects of artificial light used for growing vegetables by color.

Figure 112012026939455-pat00001

Growth and Yield of Red Apron and Lettuce by LED Light Quality

As shown in Table 1, the white LEDs were not different in quantity compared to the red and blue mixed light, and the intercalated liver was shortened.

Figure 112012026939455-pat00002

Red Coloration of Red Apron Lettuce According to LED Quality

[Photo 1]

Figure 112012026939455-pat00003

As shown in Table 2 and photograph 1, the red lettuce has a high + a value indicating red in natural light and blue light when viewed with Hunter's a value. The lower the value of a, the more green. It is a leaf photograph of red lettuce. It shows red in natural light, white light, and blue light, and red in green light and green light.

Figure 112012026939455-pat00004

Growth and Yield of Leafy Vegetables by LED Light Quality

As shown in Table 3, the white LED shows no or higher char as compared to the red and blue LED mixed light.

[Graph 1] Number of Red Pepper Flower by LED Light Quality

Figure 112012026939455-pat00005

[Graph 2] Number of Red Pepper Fruits According to LED Light Quality

Figure 112012026939455-pat00006

As shown in Graph 1 and Graph 2, the white LED is found to be the most effective in the development of flowers and fruits.

On the other hand, in the summer when the respiratory volume is high, it is possible to secure a sufficient yield by irradiating high light. Most of the LEDs used for home vegetable cultivation until recently have a maximum light quantity of 150 umolm -2 s -1 or less. There is a problem that the growth is significantly reduced. Therefore, in order to prevent this, the white LED dedicated in the home vegetable cultivation apparatus according to the present invention is to use the maximum amount of light is more than the existing LED, the maximum of the white LED in consideration of the increase in energy efficiency and the number of vegetables It is preferable to carry out the light quantity in the range of 300-350 umolm - 2s- 1 .

[Graph 3] Growth of Lettuce According to Light Intensity and Light Irradiation Time in Summer

Figure 112012026939455-pat00007

As shown in the above graph 3, it can be seen that the quantity of light increased by twice the amount of light from 300 umolm -2 s - 1 to 200 umolm -2 s -1 . Table 6 shows the results of experiments while growing lettuce without temperature control from June 22 to August 4 in the apartment.

In this way, the home vegetable cultivation apparatus according to the present invention dedicated to the white LED has a convenient configuration to properly apply the white LED and natural light to further improve the quality of vegetables grown at home.

Hereinafter, with reference to the accompanying drawings, the structure of the vegetable cultivation apparatus for home according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail.

As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 6, home vegetable cultivation apparatus 1 according to the present embodiment is a pot 10 provided in a tubular shape open to the top to plant vegetables, and a plurality of white LED (21a) It is provided with an LED stand 20 provided exclusively for white light so as to irradiate the white light toward the vegetable planted in the pot 10 with a bay.

The flower pot 10 and the LED stand 20 are integrated with each other through a body 30 provided to support the bottom of the flower pot 10, the body 30 to the water tank 40 for supplying water to the flower pot (10) Is slidably mounted in a drawer manner. Therefore, the home vegetable cultivation device 1 forms a body through the body 30 to the pot 10 and the LED stand 20 as well as the water tank 40 for water supply.

In consideration of the mobility of the vegetable cultivation device (1), the movement wheel 50 is installed at the bottom of the body 30, accordingly, the vegetable cultivation device (1) is a point where the sun shines well according to the sunshine time to use natural light It becomes easy to move to.

A plurality of deep penetration holes 11 are formed in the bottom of the pot 10 so that the vegetable can be cultivated in a hydroponic manner without the need to supply water frequently to the pots 10, 60 are installed. The other end of the wick 60 is embedded in the body 10 so that the wick 60 is wetted with the water of the water tank 40 30) into the inner water tank (40).

Therefore, the water in the water tank 40 is supplied into the soil a through the wick 60 for a long period of time, and the hydroponic cultivation method using the wick 60 improves the vegetable growing efficiency in the home .

The LED stand 20 is a lighting plate 21 with a plurality of white LEDs 21a installed, and a lower end is fixed to the body 30 for installation of the lighting plate 21, and a mounting table to which the lighting plate 21 is connected to the top. (22) is provided.

The lighting plate 21 is formed in the size of the opening of the flower pot 10, the plurality of white LEDs 21a are evenly disposed on the lighting plate 21 as a whole, the lighting plate 21 is driven white LED 21a. It is disposed directly above the pot 10 so as to irradiate the white light uniformly to the pot 10 while reducing the amount of electricity consumed according to.

The white LED 21a is installed on the lighting plate 21 through the substrate 21c installed on the lower surface of the lighting plate 21, and the white LED 21a is operated on the upper surface of the lighting plate 21 such as the amount of light. An operation button 21b is provided.

And when the installation stand 20 is installed in the pot 10, since the shadow of the mounting stand 20 is formed in the pot 10 is difficult to irradiate the natural light evenly selected on the pot 10, the mounting stand ( 20 is installed to be placed in the state adjacent to the flower pot 10 outside the side wall of the pot 10, the lower end of the mounting table 20 is fixed to the fixing portion 31 protruding outward to the side wall of the body (30).

On the other hand, the lighting plate 21 installed directly above the flower pot 10 to increase the irradiation efficiency of the white light may cause the natural light to cover the natural light, in order to prevent the lighting plate 21 in the present embodiment ) Is provided to enable height adjustment directly above the flower pot (10).

The mounting base 22 includes a lower mounting base 22a and an upper mounting base 22b slidably coupled to a lower portion of the lower mounting base 22a to adjust the height of the illumination base 21. The illumination base 21 Is connected to the upper mounting base 22b and its height is adjusted through the sliding operation of the upper mounting base 22b with respect to the lower mounting base 22a.

Therefore, the vegetable growing apparatus 1 can effectively prevent natural light irradiated to the flowerpot 10 from being covered by the illumination plate 21 by adjusting the height of the illumination plate 21 positioned right above the flowerpot 10 .

The vegetable growing apparatus 1 provided with the height adjustable height of the illuminating plate 21 gradually increases the height of the illuminating plate 21 during the growing process of the vegetables so that the growth of the vegetables is interfered with by the illuminating plate 21 There is no worry.

The illumination plate 21 is rotated to the mounting table 22 so as not to block the natural light irradiated by the pollen 10 without the extension of the mounting table 22, . ≪ / RTI >

In this embodiment, the illumination plate 21 is hinged to the upper end of the mounting table 22 so as to be rotatable in the horizontal direction through one end thereof, so that the illumination plate 21, which is provided directly above the pollen 10, So that the posture can be switched so as not to block the natural light emitted to the pollen 10.

The plant cultivation apparatus 1 in which the pots 10 are stacked so as to be detachable on the upper part of the body 30 can easily remove only the pots 10 and can easily move them to the window, The vegetable growing apparatus 1 installed so as to be rotatable can easily change the position of the illumination plate 21 positioned just above the pollen 10 in the process of separating the pollen 10, It is possible to effectively prevent interference by the illumination plate 21. [ The handle 12 is formed to protrude from both sides of the open part of the pot 10 so that the pot 10 can be easily lifted during the movement of the pot 10.

As shown in FIG. 7 showing the structure of the home vegetable cultivation apparatus 2 according to another embodiment of the present invention, the lighting plate 21 'is connected to the mounting table 22' so as to be rotatable in the vertical direction. 21 '), the natural light is not obscured, or the effect of making the separation of the pot 10 alone can be easily exerted.

In this case, the lighting plate 21 'is mounted on the mounting table 22' in parallel with the mounting stand 22 'in a state in which the flower pot 10 is rotated directly above the mounting stand 22' so that the flower pot 10 may not be caught during the separation of the flower pot 10. 22 ') is hinged to the top.

1: Household vegetable growing apparatus 10: Flower pot
20: LED stand 21: illuminated plate
21a: white LED 22: mounting bracket
30: Body 40:
50: mobile wheel 60: wick

Claims (12)

Body 30 having an upper opening and an opening formed at one side thereof, and a flower pot 10 which is stacked to be separated on top of the body 30 so as to plant vegetables, and the wick fitting hole 11 is provided to penetrate the bottom. In addition, the wick 60 inserted into the wick fitting hole 11 is slidably mounted to the body 30 in a drawer manner through the opening so that the wick 60 is soaked in the water contained therein, and a plurality of Household vegetable cultivation device having a white LED (21a) is provided with an LED stand 20 provided exclusively for white light so as to irradiate the white light toward the vegetable planted in the pot 10. The method of claim 1,
The LED stand 20 includes a lighting plate 21 on which the plurality of white LEDs 21a are installed,
The flower pot 10 is provided in a cylindrical shape open to the top,
The lighting plate 21 is a household vegetable cultivation device, characterized in that the height is provided to be adjusted directly above the pot (10).
3. The method of claim 2,
The LED stand 20 further includes a mounting table 22 for installation of the lighting plate 21,
The mounting table 22 is home vegetable cultivation device, characterized in that it is provided to be stretchable in the vertical direction.
The method of claim 1,
The LED stand 20 includes a lighting plate 21 on which the plurality of white LEDs 21a are installed,
The flower pot 10 is provided in a cylindrical shape open to the top,
The lighting plate 21 is home vegetable cultivation device, characterized in that provided in the rotatable portion directly above the pot (10).
5. The method of claim 4,
The LED stand 20 further includes a mounting table 22 for installation of the lighting plate 21,
The lighting plate 21 is household vegetable cultivation device, characterized in that rotatably connected to the mounting table 22 in the vertical direction.
6. The method of claim 5,
The mounting table 22 is fixed to the body 30 to be placed in the state adjacent to the flower pot 10 outside the side wall of the flower pot 10,
The lighting plate 21 is household vegetable cultivation device, characterized in that the hinge is coupled to the top of the mounting stand 22 to be in parallel with the mounting stand 22 in a state rotated directly above the mounting stand (22).
5. The method of claim 4,
The LED stand 20 further includes a mounting table 22 for installation of the lighting plate 21,
The lighting plate 21 is home vegetable cultivation device, characterized in that rotatably connected in the horizontal direction to the mounting table (22).
8. The method of claim 7,
The mounting table 22 is fixed to the body 30 to be placed in the state adjacent to the flower pot 10 outside the side wall of the flower pot 10,
The lighting plate 21 is home vegetable cultivation device, characterized in that the hinge is coupled to the mounting table through one side end.
The method of claim 1,
The LED stand 20 includes a lighting plate 21 on which the plurality of white LEDs 21a are installed,
The flower pot 10 is provided in a cylindrical shape open to the top,
The lighting plate 21 is installed directly above the flower pot 10 through the mounting table 22,
The mounting table 22 is home vegetable cultivation device, characterized in that fixed to the body 30 so as to be placed outside the side wall of the pot (10).
The method of claim 1,
The LED stand 20 includes a lighting plate 21 on which the plurality of white LEDs 21a are installed,
The flower pot 10 is provided in a cylindrical shape open to the top,
The lighting plate 21 is located directly above the flower pot 10,
The size of the lighting plate is provided to match the size of the opening of the pot,
The plurality of white LED (21a) is a vegetable cultivation device for home, characterized in that evenly disposed on the lower surface of the lighting plate (21).
The method of claim 1,
The flower pot 10 and the LED stand 10 is integrally connected through the body 30,
Household vegetable cultivation device, characterized in that the wheel (50) is provided at the bottom of the body (30).
The method of claim 1,
The white LED (21a) is a household vegetable cultivation device, characterized in that the maximum amount of light 300 ~ 350 umolm -2 s -1 .
KR1020120034844A 2012-04-04 2012-04-04 vegetables cultivation device for use of home KR101368299B1 (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105724075A (en) * 2016-04-15 2016-07-06 杨淑祥 Movable light compensation lamp for flower plants

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101778745B1 (en) 2014-11-21 2017-09-15 (주)인더텍 Multipurpose circumstance control type smart cultivating device and crop transaction system

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20100001419U (en) * 2008-07-30 2010-02-09 박문화 LED stand
KR20100012973U (en) * 2009-06-22 2010-12-30 장경수 An apparatus for cultivation using LED lamp
KR20110010141A (en) * 2011-01-05 2011-01-31 우희재 Auto aquiculture device available water load of a build method
KR101052415B1 (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-07-29 이매화 Led plant cultivation device

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20100001419U (en) * 2008-07-30 2010-02-09 박문화 LED stand
KR20100012973U (en) * 2009-06-22 2010-12-30 장경수 An apparatus for cultivation using LED lamp
KR101052415B1 (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-07-29 이매화 Led plant cultivation device
KR20110010141A (en) * 2011-01-05 2011-01-31 우희재 Auto aquiculture device available water load of a build method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105724075A (en) * 2016-04-15 2016-07-06 杨淑祥 Movable light compensation lamp for flower plants

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