KR101173368B1 - Automatic police enforcement system and method of illegal stopping and parking vehicles - Google Patents

Automatic police enforcement system and method of illegal stopping and parking vehicles Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101173368B1
KR101173368B1 KR1020100048272A KR20100048272A KR101173368B1 KR 101173368 B1 KR101173368 B1 KR 101173368B1 KR 1020100048272 A KR1020100048272 A KR 1020100048272A KR 20100048272 A KR20100048272 A KR 20100048272A KR 101173368 B1 KR101173368 B1 KR 101173368B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
vehicle
area
control
image
parking
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KR1020100048272A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20110128685A (en
Inventor
김진영
김한철
이충혁
장진엽
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삼성에스디에스 주식회사
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Priority to KR1020100048272A priority Critical patent/KR101173368B1/en
Publication of KR20110128685A publication Critical patent/KR20110128685A/en
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Publication of KR101173368B1 publication Critical patent/KR101173368B1/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/01Detecting movement of traffic to be counted or controlled
    • G08G1/04Detecting movement of traffic to be counted or controlled using optical or ultrasonic detectors
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K9/00Methods or arrangements for reading or recognising printed or written characters or for recognising patterns, e.g. fingerprints
    • G06K9/20Image acquisition
    • G06K9/32Aligning or centering of the image pick-up or image-field
    • G06K9/3233Determination of region of interest
    • G06K9/325Detection of text region in scene imagery, real life image or Web pages, e.g. licenses plates, captions on TV images
    • G06K9/3258Scene text, e.g. street name
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/01Detecting movement of traffic to be counted or controlled
    • G08G1/017Detecting movement of traffic to be counted or controlled identifying vehicles
    • G08G1/0175Detecting movement of traffic to be counted or controlled identifying vehicles by photographing vehicles, e.g. when violating traffic rules
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K2209/00Indexing scheme relating to methods or arrangements for reading or recognising printed or written characters or for recognising patterns, e.g. fingerprints
    • G06K2209/15Detection and recognition of car license plates
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K2209/00Indexing scheme relating to methods or arrangements for reading or recognising printed or written characters or for recognising patterns, e.g. fingerprints
    • G06K2209/23Detecting or categorising vehicles

Abstract

According to the present invention, an unmanned flying unit moves unmannedly, an image sensing unit obtaining an image of a vehicle parked in an enforcement area, and a flying movement unit controls the moving unit to move to a predetermined enforcement area, and controls an image of the vehicle parked in the enforcement area. And a controller for controlling the image sensor to acquire. As a result, in a region where only a specific vehicle is allowed, such as a wide range of parking enforcement areas or a resident-priority parking area, it is possible to easily and efficiently control a vehicle in violation of a parking lot, and to reduce manpower and cost for the parking control.

Description

AUTOMATIC POLICE ENFORCEMENT SYSTEM AND METHOD OF ILLEGAL STOPPING AND PARKING VEHICLES}

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a parking control system and a method thereof, and more particularly, by using an unmanned flying device to collect information about illegal parking vehicles, thereby making it easier and more efficient to control the stopping vehicle in a wide area. The present invention relates to a parking control system and a method for reducing the manpower and cost for the parking control.

Unauthorized parking or parking of another person's parking area or parking a vehicle on a road where parking or stopping is not permitted shall be subject to the public interest and orderly maintenance.

There are two types of crackdowns on illegal parked vehicles: one is the artificial crackdown by illegal parking crackers and the other is a remote crackdown using surveillance cameras.

An artificial illegal parking control is conducted by police officers, such as the police, who directly detects a violation of a vehicle and takes photographs of evidence. In this artificial control method, due to the limitation of manpower, it is impossible to monitor a large area in a limited time, and there are problems such as a fair dispute between the driver and the monitoring personnel.

The crackdown on illegal parking by surveillance cameras is carried out by installing a camera capable of remote monitoring and control in the surveillance area, and thus detecting illegal parking vehicles in the traffic management center. However, since surveillance cameras have a limited shooting area, it is difficult to identify a vehicle when an illegally parked vehicle is out of the shooting area or is covered by another vehicle. There is a problem that is impossible.

The technical problem to be achieved by the present invention is to easily and efficiently crack down on violations of vehicles in a wide range of parking control areas, as well as areas where only specific vehicles are allowed, and to reduce manpower and costs for parking control. It is to provide a parking control system and method.

Parking stop control system according to the present invention, the flight moving unit flying unmanned; An image sensor for acquiring an image of a vehicle parked in the enforcement area; And a controller configured to control the image sensor to control the flight moving unit to move to a predetermined enforcement area and acquire an image of a vehicle parked in the enforcement area.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, a method for controlling a parking stop may include: moving and moving to a predetermined control area by a parking control system that is flying unmannedly; Photographing the intermittent area; Determining whether an image of the vehicle exists in the captured image of the enforcement area; And if the image of the vehicle exists, photographing the control image of the vehicle.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, a method for controlling a parking stop may include: moving and moving to a predetermined control area by a parking stop control system flying unmannedly; A regional pre-screening step of determining in advance whether the crackdown area is a parking stop area or a priority parking area; Determining whether a vehicle exists in the crackdown area; If it is determined that the vehicle stop is prohibited in the area pre-determination step, acquiring control information about the vehicle if the vehicle exists in the control area; And when it is determined that the vehicle is in the intervening area first, if the vehicle exists in the intervening area, the vehicle determines whether the vehicle is allowed in the intermittent area. It includes; only obtaining the enforcement information.

The parking control method according to the present invention includes the steps of: checking whether a vehicle exists in a predetermined control area by the parking control system; Determining whether the vehicle is able to stop in the crackdown area when the vehicle exists in the crackdown area; And obtaining enforcement information about the vehicle existing in the enforcement area when the stop is not possible as a result of the determination.

According to the parking enforcement system and the method according to the present invention, it is possible to easily and efficiently control the vehicle offending in a wide range of parking enforcement areas or areas where only certain vehicles are allowed (for example, occupant-first parking zone) As a result, it can reduce manpower and costs for parking control.

1 is a block diagram of a parking control system according to an embodiment of the present invention,
2 is a flowchart of a parking control method according to an embodiment of the present invention;
3 is a flowchart of a parking control method according to an embodiment of the present invention;
4 is a view for explaining a parking control system according to an embodiment of the present invention,
5 is a view for explaining a parking regulation system according to an embodiment of the present invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The above and other objects, features, and advantages of the present invention will become more readily apparent from the following description of preferred embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings. However, the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described herein but may be embodied in other forms. Rather, the embodiments disclosed herein are provided so that the disclosure can be thorough and complete, and will fully convey the scope of the invention to those skilled in the art. In this specification, when an element is referred to as being on another element, it may be directly formed on another element, or a third element may be interposed therebetween. Although the terms first, second, etc. have been used in various embodiments of the present disclosure to describe various components, these components should not be limited by these terms. These terms have only been used to distinguish one component from another. The embodiments described and exemplified herein also include their complementary embodiments. In addition, in the drawings, the size of the components may be exaggerated or reduced for an effective description of the technical content.

The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the invention. In the present specification, the singular form includes plural forms unless otherwise specified in the specification. The terms "comprises" and / or "comprising" used in the specification do not exclude the presence or addition of one or more other elements.

Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings. In describing the specific embodiments below, various specific details are set forth in order to explain the invention more specifically and to help understand. However, those skilled in the art can understand that the present invention can be used without these various specific details. In some cases, it is mentioned in advance that parts of the invention which are commonly known in the description of the invention and which are not highly related to the invention are not described in order to prevent confusion in explaining the invention without cause.

On the other hand, in the present specification, "no parking zone" means "an area where no vehicles can park and / or stop", and "parking area" means "only a specific vehicle is parked and / or "Area that can stop" and "area where all vehicles can park and / or stop".

In addition, in the present specification, "area where only certain vehicles can park and / or stop" is abbreviated as "priority parking area", and "area where all vehicles can park and / or stop" is referred to as "normal parking area". If abbreviated, but it is not necessary to distinguish between them, the term "parking area" will be collectively referred to. "Parking" means parking and / or parking, and "parking" is intended to be used as a concept that includes "stopping" unless it is necessary to distinguish between "stop" and "parking." do.

1 is a block diagram of a parking control system 100 according to the present invention.

The parking control system 100 according to the present invention is capable of unmanned flight by remote control or automatic control, and equipment for speeding on an unmanned vehicle having a size that can be located around a road or a road in which a vehicle moves. It may be configured in the form of mounting. Therefore, the parking control system 100 may be implemented in various forms such as a helicopter, a fixed wing aircraft, a ducted fan, and the like equipped with equipment for parking control on an unmanned aerial vehicle. Do.

The parking control system 100 includes a flight moving unit 140 flying unmannedly, an image sensing unit 120 acquiring an image of a parking vehicle violating control, and driving control information and control standards stored in the parking vehicle violating vehicle. The information storage unit 150, the enforcement information storage unit 155 for storing the enforcement information of the vehicle in violation of the parking stop, the data transmission / reception unit 160 for transmitting the enforcement information, and the information stored in the control information storage unit 150. Accordingly, the control unit 110 moves to the enforcement area to take an image of the parking vehicle through the image sensing unit 120, and transmits the control information through the data transmission / reception unit 160 when the vehicle of the captured image violates the parking regulation. ).

The flight moving unit 140 performs operations for landing, taking off, and flying. According to an embodiment of the present invention, the control unit 110 may control the flight moving unit 140 to perform a takeoff and landing operation, it is possible to fly to the control area. Thus, the flight moving unit 140 may include a mechanical device required for landing, takeoff, and flight and software for operating each device. In addition, the inertial navigation apparatus including a GPS sensor for detecting the position of the flight moving unit 140, an acceleration sensor for attitude control, and a gyro sensor may be further included.

The image sensor 120 photographs the parked vehicle and the license plate of the vehicle. Image sensing unit 120 according to an embodiment of the present invention is a signal processing (for example, extracting the vehicle number from the photographed image, converting the text number from the photographed image) with the camera unit 122 for photographing the parking vehicle violation The image processing unit 124 is included. Meanwhile, according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the image processor 124 may be implemented as a function of another component, for example, the controller 110, other than the image sensor 120.

The camera unit 122 photographs a raid area under the control of the controller 110, and photographs a vehicle image when the vehicle is parked in the rattle area. The camera unit 122 may perform a zoom in function of capturing a close-up image of a parked vehicle under the control of the controller 110.

The image processor 124 converts the image photographed by the camera unit 122 into image data. The converted image data may be stored in the intermittent information storage unit 155 or a temporary memory (not shown) under the control of the controller 110. In addition, the process of storing the intermittent information storage unit 155 may be omitted, and the image data may be configured to be transmitted in real time through the data transmission / reception unit 160. If the image processor 124 has an image recognition function, the image processor 124 may detect whether or not an image of the vehicle exists in the captured image and transmit the detected image to the controller 110. In addition, the image processor 124 may extract the vehicle number text information from the image of the vehicle license plate photographed, and transmit the extracted vehicle number text information to the controller 110. In the description of the present embodiment, the image processing unit 124 processes the image recognition function, but the image recognition function may be configured to be processed by the controller 110 or a separate image processor (not shown). Do.

The control information storage unit 150 stores driving information for driving a function of the parking stop control system 100 and control reference information for controlling a parking stop violating vehicle. The driving information and the control criterion information stored in the storage 150 may be directly input from an administrator or transmitted by wire or / and wireless from a traffic management center or a dedicated management center. In this case, when the driving information and the enforcement reference information are directly input from the administrator, the parking control system 100 may further include a user interface unit (not shown) capable of receiving such information from the administrator.

The driving information stored in the control information storage unit 150 may include an interruption path and a return position of the parking stop system 100. In addition, in the case of storing the interruption time information as the driving information, the parking stop control system 100 may circulate the cracking path a plurality of times during the set crackdown time to crack down on the parking stop violating vehicle and automatically return. In addition, it is also possible to control the parking stop vehicle by moving the enforcement area at predetermined time intervals.

The control standard storage information stored in the control information storage unit 150 includes information on a prohibited parking area defined according to a controlled area, information on a parking allowance area (for example, a preferred parking area or a normal parking area), and a preferred parking area. It may include the vehicle number of the registered vehicle that is permitted to park and / or stop.

The enforcement information storage unit 155 stores the enforcement information of the parking stop violation vehicle.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, the interruption information includes a vehicle license plate image collected by the image sensor 120. In addition, the enforcement information may further include at least one of a location where the license plate is photographed, a time when the license plate is photographed, an image of the vehicle itself, and a vehicle number.

On the other hand, there may be a case where the "location photographing the vehicle license plate" is not included in the enforcement information. For example, if the traffic control center 10 already knows in which control area the parking control system 100 is to control, the parking control system 100 is in the information on the location where the vehicle license plate is photographed. It is not necessary to include necessarily. This is because the traffic management center 10 already knows the information on the location where the license plate is photographed.

In addition, there may be a case where the "registration time of the vehicle license plate" is not included in the enforcement information. For example, if the parking control system 100 is implemented to transmit the information on the violating vehicle to the traffic management center 10 in real time, the traffic management center 10 may determine the time for receiving such control information. Time taken when the license plate was taken ”.

The above-mentioned 'time taken to photograph the vehicle license plate' may be obtained by the controller 110, but may be obtained by other components other than the controller 110.

The data transmission / reception unit 160 transmits the interruption information stored in the interruption information storage unit 155 to a previously stored destination under the control of the controller 110. In addition, the data transmission / reception unit 160 may wirelessly transmit a real-time image captured by the camera unit 122 under the control of the control unit 110. The data transmission / reception unit 160 may transmit intermittent information through a wireless communication network such as a mobile communication network or a wireless internet.

According to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the data transmission / reception unit 160 may receive driving information and control reference information for controlling a vehicle in violation of a parking stop.

The controller 110 may control the flight movement unit 140 according to the information stored in the control information storage unit 150 to allow the parking stop system 100 to move to a previously stored control route.

When the parking stop system 100 moves to the crackdown area, the controller 110 photographs the crackdown area through the image detector 120, detects whether a vehicle parked in the photographed image is detected by the controller 110. Pass the result. The vehicle was taken in a crackdown area. The controller 110 photographs a vehicle parked through the image sensor 120 in close-up and stores it in the intermittent information storage unit 155 or a temporary memory (not shown) such as a cache memory along with the photographing time. Here, the close-up image and the shooting time is used as evidence of parking violations, it is preferable to include the license plate of the vehicle.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, information about the photographed location may also be stored as interruption information. To this end, the parking control system 100 may further include a component capable of obtaining location information such as a GPS receiver (not shown).

On the other hand, the parking control system 100 according to the present invention can be used in various situations, for example, when the first parking stops are placed in the prohibited area, the second specific vehicle only parking zones ('primary parking area') Thirdly, the case is arranged in a crackdown, and the third is a case where the crackdown is placed in an arbitrary area. Any of the regions here may be a mixture of a no parking zone and / or a preferred parking zone and / or a normal parking zone.

In detail, each of the control unit 110 in the first case, if the vehicle is located in the no-stop zone to control the camera unit 122 or the like directly obtains the enforcement information. In the second case, the controller 110 controls the camera unit 122 to obtain the vehicle number, determines whether the acquired vehicle number matches the vehicle number of the pre-stored priority vehicle, and does not match. Only in case of enforcement, such as the shooting time of the vehicle (ie, 'parking violation time') is obtained. In the third case, the controller 110 checks whether the parking stop area and whether or not the parking stop is possible (preferably the parking stop area or the normal parking area). As a result of the check, if the parking stop area is prohibited, the control information is obtained from the vehicle in the current crackdown area.In the case of a parking stop area, the vehicle number obtained from the vehicle in the current crackdown area matches the vehicle number of the previously registered priority vehicle. After checking whether there is a number to obtain the crackdown information, if the normal parking area does not obtain the crackdown information and deletes the image of the vehicle.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, when the control unit 110 is located at the first crackdown area, the controller 110 may determine whether the crackdown area has arrived at the desired crackdown area and what area the crackdown area is. In other words, determine whether you have arrived in the area you want to crack down, whether the arrival area is a no-parking area, or whether it is a parking area available (preferably it is a parking area or a normal parking area). The process of judgment is called “regional prescreening”. After the area pre-determination is finished, the controller 110 determines whether or not the vehicle is in violation of the parking stop located in the crackdown area. This preliminary determination of locality has the advantage of speeding up judgment on parking. However, since the regional pre-determination is only an embodiment of the present invention, it is not necessary to necessarily perform the regional pre-determination operation, and it is of course possible to omit the operation of the local pre-determination according to the implementation conditions.

As described above, if it is determined that the parking stop zone is not determined as a result of the regional preliminary determination, if the vehicle is located in the crackdown area in the future, the crackdown information is acquired immediately on the vehicle. Obtain a number for the vehicle. Subsequently, it is determined whether to obtain enforcement information by determining whether there is a matching number by comparing the obtained vehicle number with a list of registered vehicles (eg, vehicle number list) in which the parking permit is allowed in the enforcement area. Here, the list of roundabout vehicles is pre-stored in the parking control system 100 or stored in the traffic management center. When the list of registered vehicles is stored in the traffic management center, the parking control system 100 may check whether the vehicle is a registered vehicle by transmitting and receiving data with the traffic management center.

In the case of not preliminarily determining the area, the controller 110 should perform an operation for determining each area of the current control area. For example, in the case where there is no area prior discrimination, the controller 110 determines whether the current intervening area is a parking prohibited area according to the information stored in the control information storage unit 150, and if the area can be parked, the first parking area or the normal parking area. Check if it is. For example, if it is first identified as a parking area, vehicle number text information is extracted from the license plate image through the image processor 124. The controller 110 compares the extracted vehicle number with the vehicle number of the resident priority registered vehicle permitted to park in the corresponding area.

When it is determined that the photographed vehicle is a non-registered vehicle, the controller 110 may transmit the vehicle number along with the image and the photographing time of the photographed vehicle to the previously stored destination through the data transceiver 160. If it is determined that the photographed vehicle is a registered vehicle, it is not a parking violation, and thus the photographing information is deleted.

Here, the control unit 110 may store only the intermittent information storage unit 155 without transmitting the intermittent information, or may transmit the intermittent information in real time through the data transmission / reception unit 160 without omitting the storing process. Do.

The control unit 110, according to the information stored in the control information storage unit 150, the case where the time of the crackdown in the current crackdown area is completed or the flight of the crackdown path is completed, or if the number of crackdowns is completed, the flight moving unit ( Control 140 to return to the return point.

In the present embodiment, the control unit 110 has been described as performing a control operation based on the control information stored in the control information storage unit 150. According to another embodiment of the present invention, the controller 110 may perform the above-described control operation based on the control information transmitted from the outside. Alternatively, the control information previously stored in the control information storage unit 150 may be updated by control information transmitted from the outside, and the control unit 110 may perform a control operation by the updated control information. Here, the term "external" may be, for example, a traffic management center 10 to be described later, or a system (not shown) for integrated management of parking control systems 100.

2 is a flowchart illustrating a method for stopping and stopping parking according to the present invention, which illustrates an example in which a local pre-determination operation is not performed.

The parking stop system 100 receives the driving information for the flight and movement, and the reference information for stopping the parking stop (S100). The driving information may include the cracked route information, the number of route cycles, and the crackdown time, and the crackdown standard information may include information on a prohibited parking area defined by a crackdown area, normal parking area information, and priority parking area information and priority parking area. It may include the vehicle number of the registered vehicle that is permitted to park and / or stop. Such driving information and enforcement standard information may be input from an administrator or may be input by wire or / and wireless from a traffic management center or a dedicated management center.

When the control route is determined, the control unit 110 controls the flight moving unit 140 to move the parking stop control system 100 to a corresponding position (S110).

When reaching the control route, the controller 110 controls the image sensing unit 120 to photograph the control section (S120), and analyzes the photographed image to determine whether a vehicle parked in the control section exists (S130). . If there is no parked vehicle, the controller 110 controls the flight moving unit 140 to move to the next control area.

When there is a parked vehicle in the captured image, the controller 110 stores an image captured by photographing the parked vehicle as a close-up image (S140). The controller 110 may control the zoom in function of the camera 122 to capture the intermittent image. In addition, the controller 110 may control the flight moving unit 140 to move to a position close to the vehicle, and then photograph the interrupted image. The enforcement image may be an image of a vehicle in which a license plate is identifiably included, and may include an image of the vehicle and an image taken by enlarging only the license plate of the vehicle. Here, the controller 110 may store the interrupted image and the photographing time in the intermittent information storage unit 155 or in a temporary memory (not shown) such as a cache memory.

The control unit 110 checks whether or not the current control area is a priority parking area according to the information stored in the control information storage unit 150 (S150). As a result of the check, if it is the first parking area, the operation of step S160 to be described below is performed. The obtained intermittent information may be transmitted to a previously stored transmission destination through the data transmission unit 160 as in step S170, but may be stored without being transmitted immediately and then transmitted when a predetermined time elapses. The predetermined time is, for example, the time when the interruption is completed.

In the step S150, if it is determined that the first stop is not the parking zone, it was determined as the parking stop zone, which is usually implemented because the crackdown area where the parking enforcement system moves is usually a parking stop zone or preferred parking zone. However, since this is an exemplary embodiment of the present invention to the last, it is possible to determine whether the crackdown area is a parking prohibited area, and if the result of the determination is not a parking prohibited area, it may be configured to first determine whether it is a parking stop area or a normal parking area. will be.

If it is determined in step S150 that the current crackdown area is the first parking area, it is determined whether the currently parked vehicle is a registered vehicle (S160). For example, the controller 110 retrieves the vehicle number of the registered vehicle that is permitted parking in the corresponding area from the control information storage unit 150. The controller 110 extracts the vehicle number text information from the license plate image of the vehicle parked through the image processor 124 and compares it with the vehicle number of the retrieved registered vehicle (S160).

As a result of the comparison, when it is determined that the parked vehicle is not the registered vehicle, the controller 110 transmits the vehicle number to the previously stored destination through the data transmission / reception unit 160 together with the control image and the shooting time (S170). Through this, it is possible to take a towing action in real time in a system that integrates and manages the traffic management center 10 or the parking control system 100. In addition, when it is determined that the parked vehicle is a registered vehicle, the controller 110 deletes the photographing information since the vehicle is not a parking violation vehicle.

The controller 110 determines whether the crackdown is terminated (S180), and when the crackdown is terminated, the controller 110 controls the flight moving unit 140 to return to the return point (S190). Here, whether or not the cracking is completed may be determined according to the driving information input in step S100, if the flying of the previously stored crackdown path is completed or if the cracked cracking time has elapsed.

3 is a flowchart illustrating a parking control method according to an embodiment of the present invention. This embodiment is an exemplary embodiment of the present invention for the case of performing a regional pre-determination operation.

Referring to FIG. 3, the control unit 110 of the parking control system 100 performs an area pre-determination operation (S200). The area pre-determination operation of step S200 may be performed before the parking enforcement system 100 moves to the enforcement area, or may be performed when the parking enforcement system 100 moves to the enforcement area or arrives at the enforcement area. . Alternatively, the parking control system 100 may perform step S200 by receiving information from the traffic management center 10 about whether the control area is a parking prohibited area or a priority parking area.

If the control area is a parking prohibited area (S210) will be described first. In this case, since the vehicle should not exist in the enforcement area, if the vehicle exists, the control unit 110 acquires the enforcement information (S230). This operation may be performed until the interruption is terminated (S250: N). On the other hand, the obtained enforcement information may be transmitted to the traffic management center at any time or periodically.

On the other hand, the case where the crackdown area is a parking area first (S220) will be described. In this case, since only a specific vehicle is present, it is necessary to distinguish the vehicles. To this end, the image sensor 120 acquires an image including the vehicle number (S240). In addition, the image processor 124 extracts the vehicle number from the image acquired by the image sensor 120, and the controller 110 compares the extracted vehicle number with previously stored registered vehicles and is parked in the current enforcement area. It is determined whether the vehicle is a registered vehicle (S260). If it is a registered vehicle (S260: Y), the image acquired in S240 is deleted, and if it is not a registered vehicle (S260: N), it obtains enforcement information (S300) and transmits the enforcement information to the traffic management center at any time or periodically. . The above operations are performed until the interruption is terminated (S320).

4 is a view for explaining a parking regulation system according to an embodiment of the present invention.

In the following description, as shown in FIG. 4, it is assumed that there is an enforcement area A, an enforcement area B, and an enforcement area C, among which the enforcement area C includes a parking stop area C-1. The control flow of the parking control system 100 according to the invention will be described.

As the driving information of the parking stop system 100, the cracking path of the crackdown area A-> crackdown area B-> crackdown area C_C-1 "is input. Information on the location of crackdown area A, crackdown area B, and crackdown area C, which are prohibited parking areas, location information of priority stop area C_C-1, and registered vehicle number that can be parked in the registered vehicle parking area C_C-1 are stored. Can be.

The parking stop system 100 moves to a crackdown area A by flying along a stored crackdown path.

When the parking stop system 100 reaches the enforcement area A, the controller 110 controls the image sensing unit 120 to capture the enforcement area A, analyzes the photographed image, and there is a vehicle parked in the enforcement area A. Check whether or not. Since there is no parked vehicle in the crackdown area A, the parking stop crackdown system 100 moves to the crackdown area B, which is the next crackdown path.

When the parking stop system 100 reaches the enforcement zone B, the controller 110 controls the image sensor 120 to photograph the enforcement zone B.

The controller 110 may determine that the vehicle Car 1 is parked in the crackdown area B by analyzing the captured image of the crackdown area B. FIG. Accordingly, the controller 110 photographs the vehicle Car 1 in close proximity to store an image and a photographing time in which the license plate is recognizable, and the current position (censored area B) is first parked based on previously stored control reference information. Check whether it's a region. Since the control area B is not a parking area first, the parking control system 100 may store the control image of the vehicle Car 1 for later checking, or may transmit the control image to the traffic management center 10 immediately. When the crackdown in the crackdown area B is completed, the parking stop system 100 moves to the crackdown area C_C-1, which is the next crackdown path.

When the parking stop system 100 reaches the control area C_C-1, the controller 110 controls the image sensor 120 to capture the control area C_C-1.

The controller 110 may check the parked cars Car 2 and Car 3 by analyzing the captured image of the control area C_C-1. Accordingly, the control unit 110 photographs the parked cars (Car 2, Car 3) in close proximity to store the image that can be identified with the license plate, and based on the pre-stored crackdown reference information stored in the current location (cracking area C_C- First, check whether 1) is a parking area.

Since the current location (registration area C_C-1) is a parking area first, the image processing unit 124 extracts text information from the license plate of the captured image. The controller 110 compares the extracted vehicle number with the vehicle numbers registered in the control area C_C-1, and determines whether the parked cars Car 2 and Car 3 are vehicles allowed to park in the corresponding area.

If it is determined that the parking control system 100 is not a registered vehicle, the parking control system 100 may store the image of the vehicle to be checked later or transmit the image to the traffic management center 10 immediately. If it is determined that the parked cars (Car 2, Car 3) is a registered vehicle, the vehicle is not a violation of the parking vehicle, and thus the relevant enforcement information is deleted. The control may be repeated depending on whether the control unit 110 terminates, or the parking stop control system 100 may complete the control and return to the return position.

5 is a view for explaining a parking regulation system according to an embodiment of the present invention.

When the parking stop system 100 detects a vehicle parked in the crackdown area, it photographs a crackdown image for identifying the vehicle. The control image should be an image that can be used to identify the license plate of the vehicle.

When the parking stop system 100 photographs the control image at the A position, the zoom in function of the camera unit 122 may be used so that the license plate of the vehicle is photographed in close proximity.

If the camera unit 122 does not support the zoom in function or the license plate is covered by another parked vehicle or feature, the parking control system 100 moves directly in front of the license plate of the vehicle to the B position. You can take a close-up shot of the license plate of your vehicle.

As described above, the present invention makes it possible to collect information on illegal parking vehicles including a parking area first, using an unmanned flying device, thereby easily and efficiently cracking down on violations of vehicles in a wide range of areas. Reduce manpower and costs for enforcement.

10: traffic management center 100: parking control system
110: control unit 120: image detection unit
122: camera unit 124: image processing unit
140: flight moving unit 150: control information storage unit
155: intermittent information storage unit 160: data transmission and reception unit

Claims (22)

  1. A flight moving unit flying unmannedly;
    An image sensor for acquiring an image of a vehicle parked in the enforcement area;
    A control unit for controlling the image moving unit to move to a predetermined control area by controlling the flight moving unit and to obtain a control image of a vehicle parked in the control area;
    The control unit,
    And a control system for controlling the flight movement unit to move the parking control system along the control route based on the information on the control route previously stored or the information on the control route received from the traffic management center.
  2. The method of claim 1,
    And an interruption information storage unit storing interruption information including the interruption image.
  3. The method of claim 1,
    The image sensing unit,
    A camera unit for photographing the image;
    And an image processing unit for sensing an image of a parked vehicle in the image captured by the camera unit.
  4. The method of claim 3,
    Wherein the image processing unit comprises:
    And an image processor for signal-processing the image of the parked vehicle and the license plate image of the parked vehicle in the image photographed by the camera unit.
  5. delete
  6. The method of claim 1,
    The control unit,
    The parking control system, characterized in that it is determined whether the control area photographed by the image sensor is a first stop area based on the pre-stored position of the prohibited parking area.
  7. The method of claim 6,
    The control unit,
    If it is determined that the crackdown area is the first stop area, it is determined whether the vehicle photographed by the image sensing unit is a registered vehicle permitted to park based on the pre-stored registered vehicle number information, and the image is detected if the vehicle is not a registered vehicle. And controlling the unit to obtain the interrupted image.
  8. The method of claim 1,
    The control unit,
    When the flight of the previously stored control route is completed, the stop control system, characterized in that for controlling the flight moving unit to fly to a predetermined return position.
  9. The method of claim 1,
    The control unit,
    When the pre-stored interrupted time has elapsed, the stop control system, characterized in that for controlling the flight moving unit to fly to a predetermined return position.
  10. The method of claim 2,
    And a data transmitting / receiving unit for transmitting the control information stored in the control information storage unit to a traffic management center through a wireless communication network.
  11. Moving the unmanned stop control system according to the control route to a control area based on information on the control route previously stored or information on the control route received from the traffic management center;
    Photographing the intermittent area;
    Determining whether an image of the vehicle exists in the captured image of the enforcement area; And
    And if the image of the vehicle is present, photographing the control image of the vehicle.
  12. The method of claim 11,
    And stopping, by the parking control system, the control information including the control image.
  13. delete
  14. The method of claim 11,
    If the image of the vehicle exists, the step of taking a control image of the vehicle,
    Determining whether the crackdown area where the vehicle is photographed is a priority parking area based on previously stored priority parking area information;
    First, if it is determined that the vehicle is in a stopped area, stopping the image of the vehicle.
  15. 15. The method of claim 14,
    First, extracting vehicle number information from the photographed license plate image of the vehicle when it is determined as the stop region;
    Comparing the extracted vehicle number information with previously stored registered vehicle number information;
    And if the photographed vehicle is determined not to be a registered vehicle, photographing a raid image of the vehicle.
  16. The method of claim 11,
    The parking control system may further include the step of moving to a predetermined return position when the flight of the previously stored control route is completed at least once.
  17. The method of claim 11,
    The parking control system may further include a step of moving to a predetermined return position when a previously stored control time has elapsed.
  18. The method of claim 12,
    And transmitting the control information to a traffic management center through a wireless communication network.
  19. The unmanned parking control system flying unmannedly and moving to a predetermined control area;
    A regional pre-screening step of determining in advance whether the crackdown area is a parking stop area or a priority parking area;
    Determining whether a vehicle exists in the crackdown area;
    If it is determined that the vehicle stop is prohibited in the area pre-determination step, acquiring crackdown information on the vehicle if the vehicle exists in the crackdown area; And
    If it is determined that the vehicle is in the intervening area first, in the area pre-screening step, it is determined whether the vehicle is a vehicle that is allowed in the intervening area. Obtaining enforcement information; parking control method comprising a.
  20. 20. The method of claim 19,
    And the pre-determination step is performed before the moving step.
  21. 20. The method of claim 19,
    And the pre-determining step is performed after the parking control system moves to the predetermined control area.
  22. Checking whether the vehicle is present in a predetermined enforcement area by the parking enforcement system;
    Determining whether the vehicle is able to stop in the crackdown area when the vehicle exists in the crackdown area; And
    And obtaining the control information on the vehicle existing in the control area when the stop is not possible as a result of the determination.
KR1020100048272A 2010-05-24 2010-05-24 Automatic police enforcement system and method of illegal stopping and parking vehicles KR101173368B1 (en)

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KR101701397B1 (en) * 2016-07-29 2017-02-01 주식회사 넥스파시스템 vehicle control method using unmanned vehicle and system
KR101989973B1 (en) * 2016-11-02 2019-09-30 서원대학교산학협력단 Integrated control device for shooting drone
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