KR100817471B1 - Stone net for river bulkhead and this construction technique - Google Patents

Stone net for river bulkhead and this construction technique Download PDF

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Publication number
KR100817471B1
KR100817471B1 KR1020070120099A KR20070120099A KR100817471B1 KR 100817471 B1 KR100817471 B1 KR 100817471B1 KR 1020070120099 A KR1020070120099 A KR 1020070120099A KR 20070120099 A KR20070120099 A KR 20070120099A KR 100817471 B1 KR100817471 B1 KR 100817471B1
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
vegetation
stone net
protection
river
block
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KR1020070120099A
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Korean (ko)
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박용선
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대한이.이엔.씨(주)
(주)케이지엔지니어링
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/12Revetment of banks, dams, watercourses, or the like, e.g. the sea-floor
    • E02B3/122Flexible prefabricated covering elements, e.g. mats, strips
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/40Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor characterised by their structure
    • A01G24/44Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor characterised by their structure in block, mat or sheet form
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins
    • Y02A10/30Flood prevention; Flood or storm water management, e.g. using flood barriers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/40Protecting water resources
    • Y02A20/402River restoration

Abstract

A vegetation stone net for river revetment and slope protection, and a construction method of a vegetation stone net for river revetment and slope protection are provided to heighten constructability by installing a vegetation stone net variously according to the speed of a current and topographical features at an incline or a riverside slope for public works, fulfilling the function of vegetation with a vegetation sheet and making mechanized construction possible, to be stabilized structurally by unifying all structures, to protect a slope effectively by preventing the outflow of small pebbles when using a grid, and to be excellent ecologically by rooting plants suitable for the circumstances of the field and heightening environmental performance. A vegetation stone net(M) for river revetment and slope protection comprises a block(10) made of native stone or imitation stone, a vegetation sheet(20) placed on the lower part of the block in the appointed width and length and attached with seeds(22) at the surface, a coir mat(30) placed between the block and the vegetation sheet, made of coconut shells and weaved by jute in a lattice type, a grid(40) placed n the lower part of the vegetation sheet and formed in a mesh type, and a set anchor press-fitted to the block through the grid. A construction method of a vegetation stone net for river revetment and slope protection comprises the steps of: paving and tamping foundation stones to secure bearing capacity of the foundation ground; forming a foundation concrete layer by placing and curing concrete on the foundation stones; installing a vegetation stone net on a slope of the foundation concrete layer; forming a crown concrete layer by placing and curing concrete to the appointed thickness on the uppermost end of the vegetation stone net; and covering the surface of the vegetation stone net with the surrounding soil.

Description

하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트 및 이의 시공방법{stone net for river bulkhead and this construction technique}Stone nets for river bulkhead and this construction technique
본 발명은 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트 및 이의 시공방법에 관한 것으로, 특히 하상, 고수, 호안 등 각 용도에 따라 식생종자가 부착된 식생용지와 야자섬유매트를 자연석 또는 인조석으로 이루어진 블록과 그리드, 세트 앵커 및 연결재를 사용하여 고정시켜 하천의 세굴을 방지함과 동시에 수변식생이 효과적으로 이루어지도록 하는 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트 및 이의 시공방법에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a vegetation stone net for river banks and surface protection and construction method thereof, in particular, a vegetation paper and palm fiber mat to which vegetation seeds are attached according to each use such as river bed, cilantro, lakes, etc. , And using a set anchor and a connecting material to prevent river scour and at the same time to effectively protect the river vegetation and river vegetation stone net for protecting the vegetation and its construction method.
근래 하천유역의 토지이용이 증대되고, 도시화가 진행되면서 하천환경은 현저하게 변화되었으며, 이러한 하천환경의 변화는 하천환경 정비방식이 치수, 이수 목적의 대규모 토목공사 위주로 진행되기 때문에 더욱 가속화되고, 하천이 갖는 고유한 자연환경의 기능은 저하되고 있는 추세이다.In recent years, the use of land in the river basin has increased and urbanization has significantly changed the river environment.This change in the river environment has been accelerated by the large-scale civil engineering works aimed at watershed and completion. The unique natural environment has its own trend.
또한, 하천의 수질오염은 물론 생태계의 구성요소로서의 하천식생과 하천에 서식하는 어류와 조류의 서식밀도가 낮아지고, 서식동물의 다양성이 감소하기에 이르러 생태계 서식처로서의 기능이 쇠퇴하였다.In addition, water pollution in rivers, as well as the density of river vegetation and fish and algae in the stream as a component of the ecosystem, and the diversity of habitats has declined, the function of ecosystem habitat has declined.
하천 주변의 토지이용 밀도가 높은 도시하천의 경우, 홍수 소통의 치수목적으로 저수로 및 둔치의 정비, 물길의 선형정비, 하천제방의 축조 등으로 하천환경이 변경되었으며 저수로 호안부는 콘크리트블록화 하였다.In urban rivers with high density of land use around rivers, the river environment was changed due to the maintenance of reservoirs and blunts, linear maintenance of waterways, and construction of river banks for the purpose of flood communication.
예를 들어 콘크리트 호안블록은 하천수가 토양층에 침투하는 것을 물리적으로 차단시켜 자연하천의 천변 습생식물을 건생화시킬 뿐만 아니라 천변식생이 제공하는 그늘이 사라지면서 수온변화가 극심하여 수중저서생물, 어류의 서식처, 산란처로서의 기능을 상실하고, 천변식생지 주변에서 먹이를 취하고 식생덤불에 은신하는 조류의 서식기반까지 손상시키는 문제가 있다.For example, concrete revetment blocks physically block the infiltration of river water into the soil layer, which not only regenerates natural wetlands, but also changes the water temperature due to the disappearance of the shade provided by the natural stream. There is a problem that it loses its function as a habitat and a spawning ground and damages the habitat base of algae that feed on the vegetation and hide in the vegetation bush.
또한, 기존의 콘크리트 블록을 대체하여 친환경 호안보호공으로써 스톤네트가 개발되어 많은 곳에 설치가 되고 있고, 토사층에서는 식생이 문제가 없으나 사질토 혹은 잡석층 또는 방틀 상류부 등 특수한 곳에 설치시 식생 활착이 불가한 문제점이 있다.In addition, stone nets have been developed and installed in many places as eco-friendly reveters in place of existing concrete blocks, and there is no problem of vegetation in the soil layers, but vegetation is not possible when installed in special places such as sandy soil, rubble or upper part of the frame. There is one problem.
이에, 본 발명은 상기한 바와 같은 제문제점을 해결하기 위해 안출된 것으로서, 토목공사용 경사면이나 하천변 경사지 등의 유속이나 지형에 따라 언제든지 식생 스톤네트의 형태를 변경하여 설치가 가능하며, 식생용지는 화선지 등을 사용하여 식생의 기능을 할 수 있으며, 인력시공뿐만 아니라 기계화 시공도 가능하여 시공성이 양호하며, 모든 구조물이 일체화하여 구조적으로 안정하고, 그리드 사용시 작은 자갈 등의 유출을 방지하여 사면보호 능력이 뛰어나며, 현지 여건에 맞는 식 물을 활착시켜 환경성을 높여 더욱 생태적으로 우수한 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트 및 이의 시공방법을 제공하는데 그 목적이 있다.Therefore, the present invention has been devised to solve the problems described above, it is possible to change the shape of the vegetation stone net at any time according to the flow rate or terrain of civil engineering slopes or riverside slopes, vegetation paper land It can be used as a vegetation function, and it is possible to work not only manpower but also mechanized construction, so the construction is good, and all structures are integrated and structurally stable, and the slope protection ability is prevented by preventing the leakage of small gravel when using the grid. Its purpose is to provide vegetation stone nets for the protection of river banks and the surface of vegetation, and the construction method of them, which are more ecologically superior, by adhering plants to local conditions.
상기한 목적을 달성하기 위한 본 발명에 따른 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트는 자연석 또는 인조석으로 이루어진 블록과; 상기 블록의 하부에 배치되며, 소정의 폭과 길이를 가지며, 표면에 식물종자가 부착된 식생용지와; 상기 블록과 식생용지 사이에 배치되며, 코코넛 껍질로 이루어지고, 표면은 황마를 이용하여 격자형상으로 직조된 야자섬유매트와; 상기 식생용지의 하부에 배치됨과 동시에 그물망 형상으로 이루어지는 그리드와; 상기 그리드를 관통하여 블록에 압입 설치되는 세트 앵커로 구성됨을 특징으로 한다.Vegetation stone net for river protection and surface protection according to the present invention for achieving the above object is a block made of natural or artificial stone; A vegetation paper disposed below the block, the vegetation paper having a predetermined width and length and having plant seeds attached to a surface thereof; A palm fiber mat disposed between the block and the vegetation paper and made of coconut shell, the surface of which is woven in a lattice shape using jute; A grid disposed on the bottom of the vegetation paper and formed in a mesh shape; Penetrating through the grid is characterized in that consisting of a set anchor is installed in the block.
또한, 상기한 목적을 달성하기 위한 본 발명에 따른 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트 시공방법은 기초지반의 지지력을 확보하기 위해 기초잡석을 포설하고 다짐하는 단계; 상기 기초잡석 상에 콘크리트를 타설하고 양생시켜 기초콘크리트층을 형성하는 단계; 상기 기초콘크리트층 상의 사면에 식생 스톤네트를 설치하는 단계; 상기 식생 스톤네트의 최상단에 일정 두께의 콘크리트를 타설하여 양생시켜 천단콘크리트층을 형성하는 단계; 상기 식생 스톤네트의 표면을 주변토사를 이용하여 복토하는 단계를 순차적으로 시행하여 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트를 시공함을 특징으로 한다.In addition, river vegetation and surface protection vegetation stone net construction method according to the present invention for achieving the above object comprises the steps of laying and compacting the basic rubble to secure the bearing capacity of the foundation; Placing concrete on the foundation rubble and curing to form a foundation concrete layer; Installing a vegetation stone net on a slope on the foundation concrete layer; Pouring and curing concrete having a predetermined thickness at the top of the vegetation stone net to form a ducted concrete layer; The step of covering the surface of the vegetation stone net using the surrounding soil is sequentially carried out, characterized in that the construction of vegetation stone net for river bank and surface protection.
이상에서 설명한 바와 같이, 본 발명에 따른 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트 및 이의 시공방법은 다음과 같은 효과가 있다.As described above, the vegetation stone net for protection of the river and the surface protection and the construction method according to the present invention has the following effects.
첫째, 본 발명은 코코넛의 장섬유로 제작된 야자섬유매트는 두께가 있는 식생매트이므로 보습력이 뛰어나고, 시공 초기에는 일정한 강도를 보유하기 때문에 식생 식물종자의 활착 및 유실방지에 탁월한 기능을 발휘하는 장점이 있으며, 특히, 야자섬유매트를 황마로 보강하여 내구성 및 인장 강도를 높임으로써 시공성 및 안정성을 확보하였으며, 야자섬유매트 자체가 보습력이 뛰어난 제품이므로 식물의 뿌리를 건조와 침식으로부터 보호하는 역할을 하는 장점이 있다.First, the present invention is a coconut fiber mat made of long fiber of coconut is excellent in moisturizing power because it has a thick vegetation mat, and has a certain strength at the initial stage of construction, so it has an excellent function in preventing the sticking and loss of vegetation plant seeds In particular, by reinforcing the palm fiber mat with jute to increase the durability and tensile strength to ensure construction properties and stability, because the palm fiber mat itself is an excellent moisturizing product to protect the roots of plants from drying and erosion There is an advantage.
둘째, 본 발명은 보강효과를 배가시키기 위해 폴리프로필렌 재질의 그리드를 설치하여 식생 스톤네트의 강도를 높임으로써, 홍수시 제방유실을 방지하고, 매트 자체의 내구성이 극대화된다. 현장 조건에 따라 PLA(생분해성 소재)로 제작한 그리드를 활용하여 자연형 하천 복원 목적에 부합하는 장점이 있으며, 하천 유속에 따라 다양한 식생 스톤네트의 형태를 갖추어 보다 경제적이고 효과적인 설계가 가능한 장점이 있다.Second, the present invention by installing a polypropylene grid to double the reinforcing effect to increase the strength of the vegetation stone net, to prevent the loss of the dike during flooding, the durability of the mat itself is maximized. Depending on the site conditions, the grid made of PLA (biodegradable material) is used to meet the purpose of restoring natural rivers, and various vegetation stone nets are available depending on the flow rate of the river to enable more economical and effective design. have.
셋째, 본 발명은 식물종자 유실 방지 등을 목적으로 우리나라 고유의 화선지를 포설하여 식물종자의 보호 및 발아율을 높이는 장점이 있다. Third, the present invention has the advantage of increasing the protection and germination rate of the plant seeds by laying the original Korean paper for the purpose of preventing the loss of plant seeds.
넷째, 본 발명은 야자섬유매트와 자연석 및 그리드가 일체로 되어 구조적인 안정성이 매우 뛰어나며, 자연석과 수변식물이 어우러져 동식물의 서식처를 제공하여 생태적으로 우수하며, 하천의 자정 기능을 향상시키는 이점이 있다. Fourth, the present invention is excellent in the structural stability by the integration of the palm fiber mat and natural stone and grid, natural stone and water plants are combined to provide a habitat for the flora and fauna, there is an advantage to improve the midnight function of the river .
다섯째, 본 발명은 철망 또는 합성수지망으로 그리드를 구성함으로써 그리드의 유연성으로 인하여 시공이 뛰어나며, 디자인이 우수한 이점이 있고, 돌망태 및 다른 자연석 공법에 비하여 30∼40% 정도 저렴하게 시공이 가능함으로 인하여 매우 경제적인 이점이 있다. Fifth, the present invention is excellent in construction due to the flexibility of the grid by constructing the grid with a wire mesh or synthetic resin network, has an excellent design, and can be installed 30-30% cheaper than gabion and other natural stone method There is an economic advantage.
여섯째, 본 발명은 식생 스톤네트의 내구성과 경제성 및 친환경적인 측면에서 기존의 콘크리트블록보다 우수하여 하천의 환경개선에 크게 기여할 수 있는 이점이 있다. Sixth, the present invention is superior to the existing concrete block in terms of durability and economics and eco-friendliness of the vegetation stone net has the advantage that can greatly contribute to the environmental improvement of the river.
이하, 본 발명을 첨부한 예시도면을 참조하여 상세히 설명한다.Hereinafter, with reference to the accompanying drawings, the present invention will be described in detail.
도 1은 본 발명에 따른 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트를 도시한 사시도이며, 도 2는 본 발명에 따른 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트를 도시한 측면도이며, 도 3은 본 발명에 따른 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트를 도시한 평면도이며, 도 4는 본 발명에 따른 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트를 도시한 배면도이며, 도 5는 본 발명에 따른 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트를 확대 도시한 측면도이다.1 is a perspective view showing a vegetation stone net for protection of the river and the surface protection vegetation according to the invention, Figure 2 is a side view showing a vegetation stone net for protection of the river and surface protection according to the present invention, Figure 3 is a river according to the present invention Fig. 4 is a plan view showing a raft and net vegetation stone net for protection and surface protection, Figure 4 is a rear view showing a vegetation stone net for river protection and law protection according to the present invention, Figure 5 is a vegetation stone net for river protection and legal protection according to the present invention Side view showing an enlarged view.
이들 도면에 도시된 바와 같이, 본 발명에 따른 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트(M)는 자연석 또는 인조석으로 이루어진 블록(10)과; 상기 블록(10)의 하부에 배치되며, 소정의 폭과 길이를 가지며, 표면에 식물종자(22)가 부착된 식생용지(20)와; 상기 블록(10)과 식생용지(22) 사이에 배치되며, 코코넛 껍질로 이루어지고, 표면은 황마(32)를 이용하여 격자형상으로 직조된 야자섬유매트(30)와; 상기 식생용지(20)의 하부에 배치됨과 동시에 그물망 형상으로 이루어지는 그리드(40)와; 상기 그리드(40)를 관통하여 블록(10)에 압입 설치되는 세트 앵커(60)로 구성된다.As shown in these drawings, the river bank and the surface protection vegetation stone net (M) according to the present invention is a block 10 made of natural or artificial stone; A vegetation sheet 20 disposed below the block 10 and having a predetermined width and length and having a plant seed 22 attached to a surface thereof; A palm fiber mat 30 disposed between the block 10 and the vegetation paper 22 and made of coconut shell, the surface of which is woven in a lattice shape using a jute 32; A grid 40 disposed at the bottom of the vegetation paper 20 and formed in a mesh shape; The set anchor 60 penetrates the grid 40 and is installed in a block 10.
즉, 본 발명에 따른 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트(M)는 블록(10), 식생용지(20), 야자섬유매트(30), 그리드(40) 및 세트 앵커(60)가 유기적으로 결합되어 이루어진 구조이다.That is, the vegetation stone net (M) for river protection and surface protection according to the present invention is organically coupled to the block 10, vegetation paper 20, palm fiber mat 30, grid 40 and the set anchor 60 It is a structure made up of.
여기서, 상기 블록(10)은 쇄석, 호박돌 등의 자연석 또는 인조석이 사용되며, 직경은 Φ250∼Φ500mm의 것을 사용하며, 지역에 따라 종류 및 색상을 변환시켜 사용하며, 특히, 상기 블록(10)은 필요에 따라 자연석을 계단형태로 잘라서 가공한 석재와 철망을 공장에서 일체로 성형하여 수변의 경관에 맞게 변형시켜 사용할 수도 있으며, 자연석을 평석으로 가공하여 철망에 일체로 성형하여 저수 호안의 산책로 등에 사용할 수도 있음을 밝혀둔다.Here, the block 10 is used natural stone or artificial stone such as crushed stone, amber stone, the diameter of Φ250 ~ Φ500mm is used, and converts the type and color according to the region, in particular, the block 10 If necessary, the stone and wire mesh processed by cutting natural stone into staircases can be integrally molded at the factory and transformed according to the scenery of the waterfront. Note that it may be.
또한, 상기 식생용지(20)는 식물종자(22)의 이탈을 방지할 목적과 발아율을 높이기 위해 화선지, 한지 등의 종이류를 주로 사용하여 비료 및 습윤재를 식물종자(22)와 함께 배합시켜 제작한다.In addition, the vegetation paper 20 is produced by combining the fertilizer and the wetting material with the plant seeds 22 using mainly paper, such as Korean paper, Hanji to prevent the separation of the plant seeds 22 and increase the germination rate do.
그리고 상기 야자섬유매트(30)는 식생기반재의 역할을 하고, 코코넛 껍질을 사용하며, 식생용지(20)의 일측면 또는 양측면에 일체 또는 분리식으로 설치된다.The palm fiber mat 30 serves as a vegetation base material, uses a coconut shell, and is integrally or separately installed on one or both sides of the vegetation paper 20.
여기서, 상기 야자섬유매트(30)는 그 위와 아래에 황마(32)가 격자로 직조되어 고정 설치됨으로써, 구조적 안정성 및 내구성을 확보해 준다.Here, the palm fiber mat 30 is secured to the structural stability and durability by being woven and fixed to the jute 32 in a grid woven above and below.
한편, 상기 그리드(40)는 철망, 폴리프로필렌수지망, 생분해성 수지망, 지오그리드, 지오텍스타일 중 어느 하나를 사용한다.On the other hand, the grid 40 uses any one of a wire mesh, polypropylene resin network, biodegradable resin network, geogrid, geotextile.
여기서, 상기 철망은 아연 알루미늄 합금도금 철선(300g/㎡, 알루미늄 10% 함유)으로 그물간격은 50㎜, 지름은 금망 4㎜, 골선 6㎜, 폭 2000㎜ × 길이 2000㎜로 이루어진다.Here, the wire mesh is a zinc aluminum alloy plated iron wire (300g / ㎡, containing 10% aluminum), the net spacing is 50mm, the diameter of the gold mesh 4mm, bone wire 6mm, width 2000mm × length 2000mm.
또한, 상기 단위 스톤네트(M)를 수직 및 수평으로 연결하도록 연결재(50)가 설치되며, 상기 연결재(50)는 체인, 강선, 철근, 강봉 중 어느 하나로 구성된다.In addition, the connecting member 50 is installed to vertically and horizontally connect the unit stone net (M), the connecting member 50 is composed of any one of a chain, steel wire, rebar, steel bar.
그리고 상기 세트 앵커(60)는 블록(10)의 배면을 천공한 후 삽입되는 철재금구로서 그 표면을 용융아연도금 하여 부식을 방지토록 한다.The set anchor 60 is a steel tool inserted into the back of the block 10 to be pierced to prevent corrosion by hot-dip galvanizing the surface thereof.
이하, 상기한 바와 같은 구성으로 이루어진 본 발명에 따른 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트(M)의 시공에 대해 설명한다.Hereinafter, a description will be given of the construction of the river bank and the vegetation stone net for protecting the surface according to the present invention having the configuration as described above.
도 6은 본 발명에 따른 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트가 설치된 상태를 도시한 예시도이며, 도 7은 본 발명에 따른 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트가 사면에 설치된 상태를 도시한 단면도이다.6 is an exemplary view illustrating a state of installing the river banks and the surface protection vegetation stone net according to the present invention, Figure 7 is a cross-sectional view showing a state of the river banks and surface protection vegetation stone net installed on the slope. .
이들 도면에 도시된 바와 같이, 본 발명에 따른 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트 시공방법은 기초지반(G)의 지지력을 확보하기 위해 기초잡석(FS)을 포설하고 다짐하는 단계; 상기 기초잡석(FS) 상에 콘크리트를 타설하고 양생시켜 기초콘크리트층(FC)을 형성하는 단계; 상기 기초콘크리트층(FC) 상의 사면(S)에 청구항 1 내지 청구항 4중의 어느 한 항의 식생 스톤네트(M)를 설치하는 단계; 상기 식생 스톤네트(M)의 최상단에 일정 두께의 콘크리트를 타설하여 양생시켜 천단콘크리트층(UC)을 형성하는 단계; 상기 식생 스톤네트(M)의 표면을 주변토사를 이용하여 복토하는 단계를 순차적으로 시행하여 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트(M)를 시공한다.As shown in these drawings, the river raft and surface protection vegetation stone net construction method according to the present invention comprises the steps of laying and compacting the basic rubble (FS) to secure the bearing capacity of the foundation (G); Placing concrete on the foundation rubble (FS) and curing to form a foundation concrete layer (FC); Installing a vegetation stone net (M) of any one of claims 1 to 4 on the slope (S) on the base concrete layer (FC); Pouring and curing concrete having a predetermined thickness at the top of the vegetation stone net (M) to form a ducted concrete layer (UC); Steps to cover the surface of the vegetation stone net (M) using the surrounding soil in sequence to construct a vegetation stone net (M) for river protection and surface protection.
즉, 본 발명에 따른 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트 시공방법은 기초지반(G)의 지지력을 확보하기 위해 기초잡석(FS)을 포설하고, 상기 기초잡석(FS) 상에 콘크리트를 타설하고 양생시켜 기초콘크리트층(FC)을 형성한다.In other words, the river bank and the vegetation stone net construction method for protecting the surface according to the present invention to install the foundation rubble (FS) to secure the bearing capacity of the foundation (G), the concrete is laid and cured on the foundation rubble (FS) To form a base concrete layer FC.
이때, 상기 기초지반(G)이 양질 호안인 경우에는 직접기초를 하되, 기초콘크리트층(FC)의 형상은 표준기초로 형성한다.At this time, when the basic ground (G) is a good quality lake, the direct foundation, but the shape of the foundation concrete layer (FC) is formed of a standard foundation.
기초콘크리트층(FC) 공사에는 기초콘크리트를 10m 간격으로 표준으로 하여, 거푸집을 설치하며, 세굴심은 하상면에서 기초콘크리트층(FC) 천단부까지를 표시하고, 원칙적으로 0.5m 이상 확보토록 한다.In the construction of foundation concrete layer (FC), formwork is installed with the foundation concrete at 10m intervals as standard, and the scour depth is displayed from the bottom surface to the top end of foundation concrete layer (FC), and in principle, it should be secured more than 0.5m.
이어서, 상기 기초콘크리트층(FC) 상의 사면(S)을 따라서 식생 스톤네트(M)를 설치한 후, 상기 식생 스톤네트(M)의 최상단에 일정 두께의 콘크리트를 타설 양생시켜 천단콘크리트층(UC)을 형성하여 식생 스톤네트(M)를 시공하는 것이다.Subsequently, after installing the vegetation stone net (M) along the slope (S) on the base concrete layer (FC), by pouring the concrete of a certain thickness on the top of the vegetation stone net (M), the top-end concrete layer (UC) ) To construct the vegetation stone net (M).
이때, 상기 블록(10)을 저수 호안에 사용할 경우에는 홍수시에 천단에서의 세굴을 방지하기 위해 블록(10)의 최상단의 세트 앵커(60) 부분에 두께 200mm의 콘크리트를 타설하여 천단콘크리트층(UC)을 형성한다.At this time, when the block 10 is used in a water reservoir, in order to prevent scour at the ceiling at the time of flooding, concrete having a thickness of 200 mm is cast on a part of the set anchor 60 at the top of the block 10 so as to prevent the scour from the ceiling. UC).
상기 천단콘크리트층(UC) 공사에는 천단콘크리트를 10m 간격으로 표준으로 하며, 거푸집을 설치한 후, 콘크리트를 타설하여 시공한다.The end of the concrete layer (UC) construction is made of the standard of the concrete at 10m intervals, and after the formwork is installed by pouring concrete.
이때, 상기 천단콘크리트층(UC)이 보이지 않도록 천단계획단면선에서 100mm 정도 내린 위치와 식생 스톤네트(M)의 표면을 주변토사를 이용하여 복토함으로써 자연스러운 경관을 연출할 수가 있다. In this case, the natural landscape can be produced by covering the surface of the vegetation stone net M and the position of about 100 mm from the planar cross-section so that the top-end concrete layer UC is not visible using the surrounding soil.
도 1은 본 발명에 따른 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트를 도시한 사시도,1 is a perspective view showing a vegetation stone net for river protection and surface protection in accordance with the present invention,
도 2는 본 발명에 따른 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트를 도시한 측면도,Figure 2 is a side view showing the vegetation stone net for river bank and surface protection according to the present invention,
도 3은 본 발명에 따른 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트를 도시한 평면도,Figure 3 is a plan view showing a vegetation stone net for river banks and surface protection in accordance with the present invention,
도 4는 본 발명에 따른 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트를 도시한 배면도,Figure 4 is a rear view showing a vegetation stone net for river banks and surface protection in accordance with the present invention,
도 5는 본 발명에 따른 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트를 확대 도시한 측면도,5 is an enlarged side view illustrating a vegetation stone net for protecting the river shore and surface protection according to the present invention;
도 6은 본 발명에 따른 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트가 설치된 상태를 도시한 예시도,6 is an exemplary view showing a state in which the vegetation stone net for protection of the river and the surface protection is installed in accordance with the present invention,
도 7은 본 발명에 따른 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트가 사면에 설치된 상태를 도시한 단면도.Figure 7 is a cross-sectional view showing a state installed on the slope of the river bank and surface protection vegetation stone net according to the present invention.
-도면의 주요부분에 대한 부호의 설명-Explanation of symbols on the main parts of the drawing
10: 블록 20: 식생용지10: block 20: vegetation paper
22: 식물종자 30: 야자섬유매트22: plant seed 30: palm fiber mat
32: 황마 40: 그리드32: Jute 40: Grid
50: 연결재 60: 세트 앵커50: connecting member 60: set anchor
FS: 기초잡석 FC: 기초콘크리트층FS: Basic Rubble FC: Basic Concrete Layer
G: 기초지반 M: 식생 스톤네트G: Foundation Ground M: Vegetation Stone Net
S: 사면 UC: 천단콘크리트층S: Slope UC: Tianjin Concrete Layer

Claims (6)

  1. 자연석 또는 인조석으로 이루어진 블록(10)과; 상기 블록(10)의 하부에 배치되며, 소정의 폭과 길이를 가지며, 표면에 식물종자(22)가 부착된 식생용지(20)와; 상기 블록(10)과 식생용지(22) 사이에 배치되며, 코코넛 껍질로 이루어지고, 표면은 황마(32)를 이용하여 격자형상으로 직조된 야자섬유매트(30)와; 상기 식생용지(20)의 하부에 배치됨과 동시에 그물망 형상으로 이루어지는 그리드(40)와; 상기 그리드(40)를 관통하여 블록(10)에 압입 설치되는 세트 앵커(60)로 구성됨을 특징으로 하는 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트.A block 10 made of natural or artificial stone; A vegetation sheet 20 disposed below the block 10 and having a predetermined width and length and having a plant seed 22 attached to a surface thereof; A palm fiber mat 30 disposed between the block 10 and the vegetation paper 22 and made of coconut shell, the surface of which is woven in a lattice shape using a jute 32; A grid 40 disposed at the bottom of the vegetation paper 20 and formed in a mesh shape; Vegetation stone net for river banks and protection of the surface, characterized in that consisting of a set anchor 60 penetrates the grid 40 installed through the block 10.
  2. 제 1항에 있어서, The method of claim 1,
    상기 야자섬유매트(30)는 식생용지(20)의 양측면에 부착됨을 특징으로 하는 하천 호안 식생 스톤네트.The palm fiber mat 30 is a river shore vegetation stone net characterized in that it is attached to both sides of the vegetation paper (20).
  3. 제 1항에 있어서, The method of claim 1,
    상기 그리드(40)는 철망, 폴리프로필렌수지망, 생분해성 수지망, 지오그리드, 지오텍스타일중 어느 하나로 구성됨을 특징으로 하는 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트.The grid 40 is a vegetation stone net for river protection and surface protection, characterized in that consisting of any one of a wire mesh, polypropylene resin network, biodegradable resin network, geogrid, geotextile.
  4. 제 1항에 있어서, The method of claim 1,
    상기 스톤네트(M)의 수직 및 수평으로 연결재(50)가 고정 설치되며, 상기 연결재는 체인, 강선, 철근, 강봉 중 어느 하나로 구성됨을 특징으로 하는 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트.The connecting member 50 is fixed and installed vertically and horizontally in the stone net (M), the connecting member is a vegetation stone net for river protection and surface protection, characterized in that consisting of any one of a chain, steel wire, rebar, steel bar.
  5. 기초지반(G)의 지지력을 확보하기 위해 기초잡석(FS)을 포설하고 다짐하는 단계; Laying and compacting basic rubble (FS) to secure the bearing capacity of the foundation ground (G);
    상기 기초잡석(FS) 상에 콘크리트를 타설하고 양생시켜 기초콘크리트층(FC)을 형성하는 단계; Placing concrete on the foundation rubble (FS) and curing to form a foundation concrete layer (FC);
    상기 기초콘크리트층(FC) 상의 사면(S)에 청구항 1 내지 청구항 4중의 어느 한 항의 식생 스톤네트(M)를 설치하는 단계;Installing a vegetation stone net (M) of any one of claims 1 to 4 on the slope (S) on the base concrete layer (FC);
    상기 식생 스톤네트(M)의 최상단에 일정 두께의 콘크리트를 타설하여 양생시켜 천단콘크리트층(UC)을 형성하는 단계;Pouring and curing concrete having a predetermined thickness at the top of the vegetation stone net (M) to form a ducted concrete layer (UC);
    상기 식생 스톤네트(M)의 표면을 주변토사를 이용하여 복토하는 단계를 순차적으로 시행하여 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트(M)를 시공함을 특징으로 하는 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트 시공방법.The vegetation stone net for river protection and surface protection is characterized by constructing vegetation stone net (M) for river revetment and legal protection by sequentially applying the surface of the vegetation stone net (M) using surrounding soil. Way.
  6. 제 5항에 있어서, The method of claim 5,
    상기 식생 스톤네트(M)는 자연석 또는 인조석으로 이루어진 블록(10)과; 상기 블록(10)의 하부에 배치되며, 소정의 폭과 길이를 가지며, 표면에 식물종자(22)가 부착된 식생용지(20)와; 상기 블록(10)과 식생용지(22) 사이에 배치되며, 코코넛 껍질로 이루어지고, 표면은 황마(32)를 이용하여 격자형상으로 직조된 야자섬유매트(30)와; 상기 식생용지(20)의 하부에 배치됨과 동시에 그물망 형상으로 이루어지는 그리드(40)와; 상기 그리드(40)를 관통하여 블록(10)에 압입 설치되는 세트 앵커(60)로 이루어짐을 특징으로 하는 하천 호안 및 법면 보호용 식생 스톤네트 시공방법.The vegetation stone net (M) and the block 10 made of natural or artificial stone; A vegetation sheet 20 disposed below the block 10 and having a predetermined width and length and having a plant seed 22 attached to a surface thereof; A palm fiber mat 30 disposed between the block 10 and the vegetation paper 22 and made of coconut shell, the surface of which is woven in a lattice shape using a jute 32; A grid 40 disposed at the bottom of the vegetation paper 20 and formed in a mesh shape; Vegetation stone net construction method for river banks and protection of the surface, characterized in that consisting of a set anchor 60 penetrates the grid (40) through the grid (40).
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KR20170002857U (en) 2017-05-08 2017-08-10 주식회사 석송 Stone net assembly with reinforcing tension means
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KR101009811B1 (en) * 2009-07-29 2011-01-19 동부엔지니어링 주식회사 Stone fixing mat and constructing method
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KR101147512B1 (en) * 2010-06-22 2012-05-21 주식회사 엠에스테크 Direct drain type water treatment and storage facilities for grounds, strorage block, and drain block
KR101180717B1 (en) 2010-08-30 2012-09-07 화림에이치앤이 주식회사 Waterways with green plants cultivating
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KR101224159B1 (en) * 2012-05-02 2013-01-25 주식회사 스카이탑 Module type stone net assembly and its constructing method
KR101394208B1 (en) * 2013-09-09 2014-05-14 대한이.이엔.씨(주) The eco-friendly stone net for protecting riverbank and sloping surface structure
KR20160029400A (en) * 2014-09-05 2016-03-15 일심석재건설(주) River foundation with eco-corridor
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KR101782157B1 (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-09-27 (주) 대현이엔씨 The Eco-friendly Stone Net Structure and Constructing Method Therefor
KR20170002857U (en) 2017-05-08 2017-08-10 주식회사 석송 Stone net assembly with reinforcing tension means
KR101872929B1 (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-06-29 주식회사 승은 Stone net and construction method thereof
KR20190082131A (en) 2017-12-29 2019-07-09 주식회사 석송 Stone net structure
KR20200022152A (en) 2018-08-22 2020-03-03 김희운 Stone net ecology weir having structure functional
KR102069051B1 (en) 2018-12-20 2020-01-22 김희운 Stone net unit of ecology weir having structure functional
KR102029984B1 (en) * 2019-01-11 2019-10-08 주식회사 이에스산업 Hybrid stone net
KR102069047B1 (en) 2019-09-20 2020-01-22 김희운 Stone net unit of ecology weir having structure functional
KR20200069275A (en) * 2020-06-05 2020-06-16 주식회사 승은 Stone net
KR102138494B1 (en) 2020-06-05 2020-07-28 주식회사 승은 Stone net

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