JPH11318216A - Device relating to plant cultivation apparatus irrigated from bottom at constant water level or water-feeding apparatus for drinking - Google Patents

Device relating to plant cultivation apparatus irrigated from bottom at constant water level or water-feeding apparatus for drinking

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Publication number
JPH11318216A
JPH11318216A JP16407798A JP16407798A JPH11318216A JP H11318216 A JPH11318216 A JP H11318216A JP 16407798 A JP16407798 A JP 16407798A JP 16407798 A JP16407798 A JP 16407798A JP H11318216 A JPH11318216 A JP H11318216A
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JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
water
water tank
tank
cultivator
plant
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP16407798A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Yukinori Aoshima
雪則 青島
Original Assignee
Yukinori Aoshima
雪則 青島
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yukinori Aoshima, 雪則 青島 filed Critical Yukinori Aoshima
Priority to JP16407798A priority Critical patent/JPH11318216A/en
Publication of JPH11318216A publication Critical patent/JPH11318216A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

(57) [Abstract] (Modified) [Problem] As a problem with the bottom watering plant cultivator or water supply related products, it is practical to be able to widen the bottom and increase the volume of the water tank. . To solve this drawback, water is spilled on the floor when the water tank is inverted.
It is relatively easy to produce and has a short delivery time, making it ideal for small and medium enterprises. Make a structure that can be disassembled and cleaned. Prevents the formation of algae at the same time as the water temperature rises when the container is exposed to sunlight. Water supply can be adjusted by changing the depth (height) of sinking the pot bottom. As a solution for a bottom watering plant cultivator or a water-supply-related product, a water tank receiving portion has a basic shape in which a space portion in a cross section perpendicular to a water channel portion has a T-shape and a cross section of a water storage portion has a concave shape. The channel can be either a trench type or a tunnel type.

Description

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The industrial field of application of the present invention is in the field of bottom watering cultivators for flowerpots and automatic waterers for pets such as small birds. According to the first aspect of the present invention, in the application of the chicken drinker type principle comprising the three elements of the neck or lid receiving part for the water tank, the waterway part and the water storage part, the three elements are integrally made of wood and provided in the water contact part. Automatic water level bottom water supply plant cultivator body or water supply body which has been subjected to waterproofing treatment.However, there is no wooden automatic water level water supply plant cultivator conventionally, and the conventional automatic constant water level water supply device is ceramic or It was made of plastic material. In the process, a mold for molding metal etc. was necessary, so the unit price increased and the cost was reduced. Water supply material contributes to waste pollution after use, which is harmful to the environment.This application uses wood as the material, so the use of a special woodworking machine will result in small orders for unique shapes. Medium production and short delivery time A enterprise, also in order to wood wetted portion is the neck receiving performs waterproofing paint or the like to prevent water leakage shall not put the threaded considering durability. Since wood is a material that can coexist with the earth, it returns to nature after use and is environmentally friendly without causing waste pollution, making it possible to make products that make use of the warmth of the skin even for indoor installation. A water tank or a water tank lid having a small hole that can be closed with one fingertip in an automatic constant water level bottom water supply plant cultivator or a water supply apparatus and an automatic constant water level bottom water supply plant It is an automatic constant water level bottom watering plant cultivator or waterer of the chicken waterer type principle by the combination method with the cultivator body or waterer body,
The water cultivator using this section was not present in the prior art, so it is a new technology.In the prior art automatic waterer for pets, the water reservoir was placed on the floor with the neck of the water tank facing down. If the mouth is larger than the finger, it means that the liquid in the water tank is spilled to the floor, so this act was not possible. Regardless of the type, close the tip of the water tank or the small hole of the lid attached to the water tank with your fingertips.Before the water in the water tank becomes empty, remove the water without spilling out of the lid receiver and cover the next water tank. Because it can be set in the receiving part, it is easy to use even indoors, the present claim can also be used as a water tank of a bottom water basin with a water absorption string,
If the water tank lid is a female screw type (code 3), it can be used as a normal lid by interposing a sheet between this lid and the water tank, so it can also be used as a lid for a commercially available liquid fertilizer or chemical container. When supplying water to the water storage tank, remove the lid and use a hose or the like. The plug-in lid (reference numeral 4) can be used even in a container with a neck that is not a screw type such as a beer bottle and the insertion part is tapered, so the neck is Containers with different internal diameters are interchangeable. By changing the size of the tapered part, a container with a larger or smaller neck than the internal diameter of the neck receiving part (14 in FIG. 7) can be used. can do. Regarding claim 3, any one of a granular material or a water-absorbing mat that passes through a 5-mm sieve is laid in a concave portion of the water reservoir of the main body of an automatic constant-water-supply water plant cultivator of the chicken drinker type as a water-absorbing medium. A method in which a flower pot with a hole is placed on the bottom surface so that water can be supplied to the flower pot without using a water-absorbing string. A granulated material or a water-absorbent mat that passes through a 5-mm sieve is used as a water-absorbing medium, and a flower pot with a hole is placed on the bottom, and water can be supplied to the flower pot without using a water-absorbing string. This product is a set of the automatic constant water level water supply plant cultivator and the vehicle. Regarding claims 3 and 4, the granular material (minerality: sand, foamed limestone, pumice stone) that passes through a 5-mm sieve in the concave portion of the water reservoir of the main body of the automatic water-level water supply plant cultivator of the chicken drinker type principle Granules, zeolite granules, etc./vegetables: Sawdust, plant coal, coconut fiber crushed products, etc. or water-absorbing mat (felt, sponge, oasis, etc.) is used as a water-absorbing medium, with drainage holes on it It is a product in which a flower pot is placed and water is supplied to the flower pot without using a water absorption string, or an automatic constant water level water supply plant cultivator body and a product that uses the same water absorption medium as a set, but it is a dedicated product for the conventional bottom water supply cultivator The technology using water-absorbing media was to supply water with a dedicated water-absorbing string fixedly installed on the bottom of the flowerpot.The feature of this section is that it is not necessary to use a water-absorbing string, and it is labor-saving and economical. , Conventional water absorption cord Capillary phenomena capacity is large compared to the method used, so water can be supplied to the entire cultivated soil, so there is no shortage of water supply even in the middle of the summer, there is no occurrence of poor water absorption conduction due to adhesion of foreign matter on the water absorption string and excessive drying, capillary by changing the height The amount of water supply can be adjusted within the range of the phenomenon, so that root rot can be prevented.The water-absorbing medium can be sterilized by removing the pot and exposing it to sunlight and the atmosphere. It has better absorption efficiency than string, durable (almost infinite in case of mineral particulate matter), and does not damage leaves and stems by irrigation. Good, can replace only flower pots (pots), so when withered, when changing varieties can be removed from the reservoir and put a new one, you can observe the wet state of the water absorption medium, It has the convenience of being able to effectively use empty bottles and plastic bottles with visible water levels as industrial waste.In addition, the water-absorbing granular material is well-adapted to the bottom of the pot and if the pot bottom is submerged in the granular material, the wind will Water cultivator using this section is new technology because it was not in the conventional technology. In the case of FIG. 2, freezing and root rot were caused because no water-absorbing medium was used in the concave part of the water storage part. Easy to do. In the embodiment of the present invention, a character (FIG. 1, FIG. 4, etc.) can be easily molded on the outer shape of the product according to the first aspect. The lid according to claim 2 has a screw type and a plug type as a fixing method to the water storage tank. The hole diameter is about 5 to 20 mm. If the hole diameter is smaller than this, air does not enter the water storage tank due to surface tension and the air and the liquid are not inserted. Cannot be replaced, so that the liquid does not fall, and if it is large, the hole cannot be closed even with the thumb. The interval indicated by the symbol H shown in FIG. 6 is a replacement channel for air and water. Since air does not enter the water storage tank due to surface tension and cannot be replaced with air, the liquid needs to be 1 mm or more for the liquid to flow out. The method of changing the height (thickness) of the water-absorbing mediator according to claims 3 and 4 according to the growth that is considered suitable for melon cultivation, the method of observing the condition of the plant and the soil in the pot, etc. There is.

[Brief description of the drawings]

FIG. 1 is a schematic plan view of a wooden plant cultivator having a flower and a pot according to claim 1 of the present application.

FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken along the line XX in FIG. 1, and the bottom surface is curved so as to be easily lifted.

FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along line YY of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is a schematic plan view of an example of a wooden automatic constant level water dispenser having a heart shape and a cherry according to claim 1 of the present application; The lid receiving part (reference numeral 8) has two steps, the width near the lid receiving part of the water channel part (groove) is set so that the finger can enter the lid receiving part so that the finger can be easily inserted. Since there are two water storage parts, the ground contact part is wide and the water storage tank is hard to fall.

FIG. 5 is an automatic constant water level according to claim 2, wherein a water tank lid having a small hole according to claim 2 and three elements of a water tank lid receiving portion, a tunnel (a waterway portion), and a water storage portion are fitted. It is a plane schematic diagram of a bottom water supply plant cultivator or a water supply device.

FIG. 6 is an enlarged schematic sectional view taken along the line ZZ of FIG. 5 showing an example of a female screw type (reference numeral 3) lid for a bottle having a small hole according to claim 2 of the present application.

FIG. 7 is an enlarged schematic sectional view of an example of a plug-in type (reference numeral 4) lid for a bottle having a small hole according to claim 2 of the present application.

FIG. 8 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a usage example of the water-absorbing granular material (reference numeral 11) according to claim 3 of the present application.

[Explanation of symbols]

1 water storage section 2 water storage tank 3 female screw type lid
4 Insertable lid 5 Small hole 6 Flowerpot 7 Drainage hole
8 Lid receiving part 9 Water tank tip 10 Water surface 11 Water absorption medium 1
2 Waterway (groove) 13 Tunnel (waterway) 14 Neck receiving part
H Air and water flow path

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[Procedure amendment]

[Submission date] September 19, 1998

[Procedure amendment 1]

[Document name to be amended] Statement

[Correction target item name] Full text

[Correction method] Change

[Correction contents]

[Document Name] Statement

[Title of the Invention] Bottom water supply type plant cultivator or water
Drinking water supply related items

[Claims]

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The industrial application field of the present invention is a field including a bottom water cultivator for flowerpots and an automatic waterer for drinking water for pets such as birds. About claim 1, water is collected on a flat surface of a water reservoir receiving portion having a concave cross-sectional structure serving as a water source by receiving a bottom of the water reservoir having a water discharging hole downward, and a flat surface having a slightly lower head than the water reservoir receiving portion, A water reservoir with a concave cross-sectional structure where a flower pot can be placed, and a water tank that connects the water reservoir with the water tank receiver, which is a three-element system that automatically supplies water to the flower pot without using a water-absorbing cord. Water level Bottom water supply This is a product of a drinking water supply unit that is used without installing a plant cultivation unit or a flower pot.However, regarding the usefulness, the flat part with the water discharge hole of the storage tank is used as the bottom part, and the shape of the water tank is Since the inside of the neck is unnecessary, and the bottom is wider than the diameter of the neck, the height of the water tank can be increased by reducing the height compared to the water tank (container) with the neck and practical. The diameter of the bottom is also within the diameter of the water tank receiver. If it can be used without fixing the dimensions, the diameter of the reservoir receiving portion as an example 90
0.35 of 66mm can diameter
Disposal of cans of pull-top type metal cans with a capacity of 1 liter or cans of 80-mm diameter cans with a pull-top type metal can with a diameter of 1 liter can be stably inverted as a water storage tank. It is also useful for effective use of empty cans, and because the neck is unnecessary and can be self-supported, the outer shape of the water tank is more flexible, and it can be molded into dolls, animals, etc., and the width of decorativeness can be expanded. The plane which can be formed and has a slightly lower head than the water tank receiving part according to claim 1 means about 3 to 30 mm. In the second aspect, a part for installing a water tank of a type in which the water tank is inverted and used as a water source (any one of a water tank receiving part, a lid receiving part, a plug receiving part, and a neck receiving part), a water channel part and In an application of the principle of a chicken drinking device consisting of three elements of a water storage unit, a water tank is provided with a spout or a stopper with a water discharge hole with a hole diameter that can be closed with one fingertip. An automatic constant-water-level bottom watering plant cultivator body or a drinking waterer body of an inverted type in a lid receiving portion or a stopper receiving portion. Conventionally, a plant bottom water cultivating device using a PET bottle is disclosed in Japanese Patent Application No. 164865/1997. However, the bottle is about 20 millimeters in diameter and cannot be closed with one fingertip, so when the bottle is turned upside down and turned over to the neck receiving part, water spills on the floor. After filling the water tank to solve the drawback, Fit a stopper with a water discharge hole with a hole diameter that can be closed with one fingertip of about 1 meter or less into the water inlet of the bottle or bottle, close the hole with your fingertip, and invert it to the lid receiving part or the stopper receiving part. The horticultural therapy can be cleaned even in a hospital room, and when a plug-in type stopper is used, the horticultural therapy can be attached to a water tank without a screw on the outside of the neck of a beer bottle or the like, or can be made of rubber as shown in FIG. A third aspect of the present invention is a product in which a water tank is installed by inverting the water tank and used as a water source (the same part as in claim 2), and furthermore, a chicken-water-drinking-type principle comprising three elements of a waterway section and a water storage section. The automatic constant water level bottom watering plant cultivator body or the drinking waterer body made by the method of waterproofing the water-contact part made of ceramic or wood in 3 elements, but this item is made of plastic material In such a case, a mold (mold) for molding metal or the like is required in the process, so the product is standardized, and in small-quantity production, the unit price increases, and in order to reduce the cost, it must be mass-produced with a standard product. In addition, plastic materials deteriorate as a result of aging and become waste after use, and when incinerated, harmful substances such as dioxins are generated. Item 3 The usefulness of using ceramics as a material is that ceramics have a large specific gravity, and when connected to a flowerpot or water tank, the flowerpot or water tank is unlikely to fall down due to external forces, and can withstand typhoons, contact with birds or animals, etc. Can be made, and if there is even a baking kiln and materials ready, it is possible to make small-to-order products with unique shapes, even if there is no processing machine. It is relatively easy to produce, has a short delivery time, is ideal for small and medium-sized enterprises, and wants to grow it as a product of a nursery facility for the handicapped.Also, it does not pollute the air environment when disposing, and glaze is a favorite pattern The added value can be increased by finishing the outer shape with a distinctive personality. The usefulness when using wood as a material is that it has a unique shape by using a special woodworking machine (router, etc.), and another method is to overlap and bond a flat plate and a hole-processed plate. However, it can be produced relatively easily with small-volume order production, has a short delivery time and is ideal for small and medium-sized enterprises. Also, in order to make wood, the wetted part is waterproofed with paint etc. to prevent water leakage and decay . Since wood is a material that can coexist with the earth, after use it returns naturally due to combustion or decay and generates less harmful substances such as dioxins due to combustion than plastic materials, and it does not remain as a solid like ceramics, so waste pollution This makes it possible to produce products that take advantage of the warmth of the wood as interior-friendly interiors without causing any problems. Claim 4 is a lid attached to the same water storage tank made of a material having a visible liquid surface for an automatic constant water level bottom watering plant cultivator body or a drinking waterer body of the style described in claim 1. It is a removable lid that is open and can be attached to and detached from the outer circumference or inner circumference of the water tank.However, regarding its usefulness, a transparent or translucent water tank is used to check the water level in the water tank. When manufactured, algae are generated and contaminated in the container, so that the container is disassembled to make it a structure that can be easily cleaned to the corners with a brush. In the case of claim 5, a container made of a ceramic or plant material in a water storage tank intended for use in the automatic constant water level bottom watering plant cultivator body of the style described in claim 1 and having a hole in only one mirror surface. An automatic constant-water-bottom water-supply plant cultivator using a combination of an open water tank and an automatic constant-water-bottom water-supplying plant cultivator, but it is transparent or translucent when it is made of ceramics or plants. This is to prevent algae from being generated at the same time as the water temperature rises when the container is exposed to sunlight when the tank is manufactured.
Vegetable containers include bamboo cans, gourds, etc. If the hole is less than about 16 mm in diameter, it is large enough to close the hole with one fingertip, so water is stored before the water in the water tank becomes empty. Close the hole in the tank with your fingertips and remove as much as possible without spilling water outside the cultivator body.Next, refill the water tank with water.After refilling, close the hole in the water tank with one fingertip and close the water tank. It can be set in the water tank receiving part without spilling water outside the cultivator body by standing upside down, so it is easy to use the cultivator indoors without soiling the floor. The hole diameter is 10 mm or more Although it is necessary to make a hole with a hole diameter of 10 mm or more, experiments have revealed that if it is less than this, water may not fall down due to surface tension,
In the case where the appearance of a ceramic container is a character such as a person or an animal, the contact portion with the water tank receiving portion is formed in a columnar shape, so that the rotation is free and the front can be directed to an arbitrary position. Claim 6, Claim 1, Claim 2, Claim 3
In the water reservoir of the main body of the automatic constant water level bottom watering plant cultivator of the style described in each of the above, a granular material or a water-absorbing mat that passes through a 5-mm sieve is laid in the recess of the water reservoir to serve as a water-absorbing medium. Place a flower pot with a hole on the bottom on top,
A method of supplying water to the flower pot or a product in which the medium is set at the automatic constant-level water supply plant cultivator main body, but the granular material (mineralized) that passes through a 5-mm sieve mesh into the recess of the water storage part of the plant cultivator main body : Sand, pumice, zeolite, etc./Biological:
(Charcoal, coconut fiber, crushed shells, crushed coral, etc.) is used as a water-absorbing medium, and by placing a flowerpot with a drain hole on it, it has the following usefulness. The technology to use the thing was to supply water with a dedicated water absorption string installed fixedly on the bottom of the flower pot,
A feature of the present invention resides in a water-absorbing cord that does not cause water shortage even in the middle of summer because it has a large capillary action capability and can supply water to the entire cultivated soil without using a water-absorbing string as compared with a conventional method using a water-absorbing string. No impaired water absorption due to adhesion of foreign matter and excessive drying, no better fertilizer uptake than string when fertilized in liquid, durable (durability is almost infinite with mineral particulates) There is a labor-saving and economical advantage, and the water supply can be adjusted by changing the depth (height) of submerging the bottom of the pot into the granular material. Prevents spoilage of mosquitoes by exposing the surface of the water-absorbing medium to water, preventing decay, allowing the water to retain water due to the cavity of the particles of the medium,
Due to these advantages, such as preventing the water from overflowing during the movement and preventing the leaves and stems from being damaged due to the temperature rise of the lens action due to irrigation, in general in the experiments, the flowers and flowers have good flowers, and the flowers have good pot life. (Pots) can only be placed in the water storage, so only the pots can be replaced, so when they wither or change varieties, they can be removed from the water storage and put on new ones.
The water-absorbing granular material is well adapted to the bottom of the pot, and if the bottom of the pot is submerged in a granular material having a specific gravity of 1 or more in a strong wind, the pot can be made hard to fall down by wind. The effectiveness of using a water-absorbent mat as a water-absorbing medium by laying a water-absorbent mat is similar to the use of water-absorbing granules, without using a water-absorbing string. Since the phenomenon capacity is large and water can be supplied to the whole cultivation soil, there is no shortage of water supply even in the middle of the summer, no foreign matter adheres to the water absorption string, poor water absorption conduction due to excessive drying, and furthermore, the water does not excessively penetrate into the potting soil. By changing the height of the mat by increasing or decreasing the thickness and number of mats, it is possible to adjust the water supply within the range of the capillary phenomenon, and for the water depth adjustment, and when the water runs out, the color and tension of the mat will change. This makes the time you fill the water storage tank
These can be known, such as not damaging flowers and leaves by irrigation
Due to the advantages of water in general, flowers and flowers are flowery and have good flowers,
In addition, only flower pots (pots) can be replaced
When withered, when changing varieties, remove from the reservoir
It has convenience such as being able to be carried. Fruit of the invention
In the embodiment or means. Water storage for claim 1
The tank receiving part has a T-shaped space in a section perpendicular to the water channel and
The cross section is basically a concave shape.
Can be either tunnel type (claim 1, claim 2, contract
(Common claim 3). In the case of the lid, FIG.
In the case, tap or plug as shown in Fig. 6
The basic shape is made of rubber like 12 (19)
You. Claim 3 is based on FIGS. 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10.
It has a shape. Claim 4 is a hole based on FIG.
Need not be in the center. Regarding claim 5, FIG.
Examples are ceramic or natural gourds or wooden
There is a two-part bond to make the wood hollow
It has a basic form. Claim 6 is a mineral for the particulate matter.
For nature, there are sand, pumice, zeolite, etc.
There is a fiber, etc.
In the case of cloth and non-woven fabric, there is felt and the like.

[Brief description of the drawings]

FIG. 1 is a plan view according to the first or third embodiment of the present invention;
FIG.

FIG. 2 is an example of claim 1 or claim 3 according to the present invention;
It is a XX cross-sectional view of FIG.
There is space and it is easy to grasp by hand, and the water tank is claimed
It is 5.

FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along the line YY of FIG. 1 in the example of claim 1 according to the present application;
The cross section of the space is T-shaped.

FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken along the line ZZ of FIG. 1 in the example of claim 1 according to the present application;
The material section is concave.

FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a button-equipped boll according to claim 2;
5 is an example of a female screw type (reference numeral 3) cover for the torsion.
FIG.

FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a button-equipped boll according to claim 2;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged schematic cross-sectional view of an example of a plug-in (reference numeral 4) lid for a tor.
Yes, the main body is made of wood according to claim 3.
The wetted part is waterproofed, but multiple
(Three stages)

FIG. 7 shows a flower and a pot according to claim 3 of the present application .
It is a schematic plan view of an example of a ceramic plant cultivator body,
Apply glaze to parts other than part and bottom.

FIG. 8 is a sectional view taken along the line XX of FIG . 7;
It has a curved surface to make it easier to use.

FIG. 9 is a sectional view taken along the line YY of FIG.
The minute serves as a stopper.

FIG. 10 shows a heart shape and a cherry tree according to claim 3 of the present application .
Plane with an example of a wooden automatic constant level water supply body with mombo
It is a schematic diagram, but ribs are provided on the bottom grounding part to prevent warpage
(Bar) is attached. The lid receiving part (symbol 8) is stepped
The middle part is a stopper that supports the tip of the water tank.
You. It is easy to press the hole of the lid with a finger near the lid receiving part of the channel (groove)
The width is such that the finger can enter .

FIG. 11 shows a perimeter of a tank with a lid according to claim 4 of the present application .
Removable lid that can be attached to and detached from.

FIG. 12 shows a rubber stopper and a rubber stopper according to claim 2 of the present application .
Item 5. The water tank made of ceramic according to Item 5, wherein the water tank is a plant.
When making with a material made of plastic, it is divided into two parts due to the work technology and hollow inside
It is necessary to

FIG. 13 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a usage example of the water-absorbing granular material (reference numeral 11) according to claim 6 of the present application .

FIG. 14 shows a water-absorbent mat according to claim 6 according to the present application .
FIG. 15 is a schematic sectional view of a usage example of No. 15).

FIG. 15: The ceramic of claim 1 or claim 3 according to the present application
In the plan view of the example, the outer shape is a gourd shape.

[Description of Signs ] 1 water storage unit 2 water storage tank 3 female screw type lid 4 plug type plug
5 water spouting hole 6 flowerpot 7 drainage hole 8 lid receiving part 9 water tank tip
End 10 Water surface 11 Water-absorbing granular material 12 Water channel (groove)
13 Waterway (tunnel) 14 Neck receiving part 15 Water absorption
There is a mat 16 water tank receiving part 17 stopper part receiving part 18 waterproof
Treatment 19 Rubber stopper 20 Rib (bar) 21 Column shaped bottom
(Rubber, etc.) 22 connection fittings (eyelets)

[Procedure amendment 2]

[Document name to be amended] Drawing

[Correction target item name] All figures

[Correction method] Change

[Correction contents]

FIG.

FIG. 2

FIG. 3

FIG. 4

FIG. 5

FIG. 7

FIG. 8

FIG. 9

FIG. 10

FIG.

FIG. 6

FIG. 11

FIG. 13

FIG. 14

FIG. ────────────────────────────────────────────────── ───

[Procedure amendment]

[Submission date] December 31, 1998

[Procedure amendment 1]

[Document name to be amended] Statement

[Correction target item name] Full text

[Correction method] Change

[Correction contents]

[Document Name] Statement

Bottom water supply type plant cultivation device relationship [name of invention] also
Is a drinking water dispenser

[Claims]

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The industrial application field of the present invention is a field including a bottom water cultivator for flowerpots and an automatic waterer for drinking water for pets such as birds. As for claim 1, a water tank receiving part (see FIG. 5) having a concave cross-sectional structure serving as a water source by receiving the bottom of the water tank with the water discharge hole downward, and the same height as the bottom of the water tank receiving part. A water reservoir (see FIG. 4 as an example) having a structure in which water can be collected at the bottom of the depression having a slightly lower head and a flower pot can be placed in the depression, and a water passage connecting the water reservoir receiver and the water reservoir ( An automatic constant-water-bottom water-supplying plant cultivator body or a flowerpot, which applies the chicken-drinker-type principle that can supply water to the flowerpot by the capillary phenomenon of the soil in the flowerpot regardless of the presence or absence of the water-absorbing string, as shown in FIG. It is a product of the drinking water dispenser body that is used without installing, but if it is not used, it can solve the problem due to insufficient water absorption of the water absorption string, and furthermore, the water tank has a flat surface with a water discharge hole Department The neck does not require a neck or a threaded neck in the shape of the cistern, thus increasing the volume of the cistern if the height is the same compared to a cistern with a neck (container) Can be stable and practical.
If the diameter of the bottom is also within the diameter of the water tank receiver, it can be used without fixing the dimensions. For example, if the diameter of the water tank receiver is 90 mm, a 0.35 liter capacity pull-top with a can diameter of 66 mm can be used. Even if it is a can of a drink made of a metal can or a can of a pull-top type metal can with a can diameter of 80 mm and a capacity of 1 liter, it can be stably inverted and settled as a water tank, It is also useful for effective use, and since the neck is unnecessary and can be self-supporting, the outer shape of the water tank has more flexibility, and the water tank has only a hole in the bottom of the plastic bottle fitted with a lid. The outer shape can be molded into a doll (see FIG. 2), an animal (see FIG. 14), etc., and the range of decorativeness can be expanded by a wide range of containers. Is about 3 mm to 30 mm It is. In the second aspect, a part for installing a water tank of a type in which the water tank is inverted and used as a water source (any one of a water tank receiving part, a lid receiving part, a plug receiving part, and a neck receiving part), a water channel part and A lid (reference numeral 3-1) with a water discharge hole with a hole diameter that can be closed with a single fingertip in a water tank in an application of the principle of a chicken drinker consisting of three elements of a water storage unit, or It is an automatic constant water level bottom watering plant cultivator body or a drinking waterer body of a type in which a water storage tank is inverted to a lid receiving portion or a stopper receiving portion of the cultivating device main body via a plug (reference numeral 3-2). Conventionally, a plant bottom water cultivator using a plastic bottle has been filed in Japanese Patent Application No. 164865/1997, but the bottle has a water injection opening of about 20 mm and cannot be closed with one fingertip. Water on the floor when inverted on the neck support After filling the water tank with water, fit a lid or stopper with a water discharge hole with a hole diameter that can be closed with one fingertip with a hole diameter of about 16 mm or less into the water inlet of the bottle or bottle. It can be turned upside down on the lid or stopper receiving part with your fingertips, so that it can be cleaned in the sickroom for horticultural treatment of sick people.If it is a plug-in type stopper, there is a screw on the outside of the neck of the beer bottle etc. It can also be attached to an unreserved water tank, and as a special case, it is possible to use a rubber fitting type as shown in FIG.
The third aspect of the present invention relates to an application of the principle of a chicken drinking water dispenser, in which a water tank is used as a water source and a water tank is installed, and furthermore, an automatic constant water level bottom watering plant cultivator body or a water drinking water comprising a water channel part and a water storage part. The water dispenser body is a product made of ceramics or a method of waterproofing the wetted part of wood, but if this item is made of plastic material, the mold for metal etc. must be used in the process. (Mold) is required, so the product is standardized, the unit price increases in small-scale production, and in order to reduce the cost, it has to be mass-produced with standard products. If waste is incinerated, harmful substances such as dioxins are generated, which has a serious adverse effect on biological environments such as human beings. The usefulness of this product is that it has a long life. If there is even a kiln and materials, it is possible to make small-to-order products with unique shapes, even without a processing machine. It is relatively easy to produce, has a short delivery time, and is ideal for small and medium-sized enterprises.It can be grown as a product of a vocational institution for the handicapped, and does not pollute the air environment during disposal. The added value can be increased by selecting a pattern and finishing it with a distinctive outer shape.In addition, ceramics have a large specific gravity and when connected to a flowerpot or water tank with a string etc., the flowerpot or water tank is hard to fall down by external force and typhoon , Bird or animal contact. The usefulness when using wood as a material is to use a special woodworking machine (router, etc.), and in another method, use a flat plate as shown in FIG. 8, FIG. 9, FIG. 10 or FIG. One or two perforated plates can be prevented from warping by laminating one or two perforated plates without the need for a router. Both ceramics and wood have small individualized shapes. It is suitable for small and medium-sized enterprises because it can be produced relatively easily by mass order production and has a short delivery time. Also, in order to make wood, the wetted part is waterproofed with paint etc. to prevent water leakage and decay. Since wood is a material that can coexist with the earth, after use it returns naturally due to combustion or decay and generates less harmful substances such as dioxins due to combustion than plastic materials, and it does not remain as a solid like ceramics, so waste pollution It is environmentally friendly without any problems, and it is possible to make products that make use of the warmth of the wood as interior decoration for indoor installation. According to the fourth aspect of the present invention, the lid is attached to a water tank made of a material having a visible liquid surface, which is made for the bottom of the plant water cultivator for automatic constant water level and for the body of the drinking water dispenser by applying the principle of the chicken water dispenser.
It is a detachable lid (reference numeral 4 as an example) that is open at the location and can be attached to and detached from the outer or inner circumference of the water tank, but its usefulness is clear or transparent to check the water level in the water tank. When a water tank is made of translucent water, algae are generated and stained in the container, so it is disassembled and made into a structure that can be easily cleaned to the corners with a brush. Even if the hole diameter is elliptical, the long diameter is 25 mm The following is desirable. In the case of a material-made water tank in which the liquid level is visible, a scale is displayed on the surface of the tank, which is useful for predicting the time of water supply. The container according to claim 5, wherein the whole or bottom of the tank is made of a ceramic or plant material in a water tank made for an automatic constant water level bottom watering plant cultivator using the principle of a chicken drinker. An automatic constant-water-bottom water-supplying plant cultivator using a combination of a water tank with a hole in only one mirror surface and an automatic constant-water-bottom water-supplying plant cultivator body. Is made of a transparent or translucent water tank to prevent the temperature of the water from rising and the occurrence of algae at the same time when the container is exposed to sunlight. Plant containers include bamboo cylinders and gourds In addition, if the hole has a diameter of about 16 mm or less, the hole is of a size that can be closed with one fingertip, so that the hole in the water tank is closed with the fingertip before the water in the water tank becomes empty. Spill as much water as possible In off, then water was supplemented in the water storage tank,
After refilling, close the hole of the water tank with one fingertip in the same way and turn the water tank upside down to allow it to be set in the water tank receiver without spilling water outside the cultivator body. And easy to use cultivator indoors, hole diameter is 10
Although it is necessary to be more than 10 mm, it has been clarified by experiments that if the hole diameter is 10 mm or more, if it is less than this, water may not fall down due to surface tension. When the appearance is a character such as a person or an animal, the water tank located above the water tank receiving part by making the contact part with the water tank receiving part cylindrical and smaller in inner diameter and depth than the concave part of the water tank receiving part. Even if is larger than the inner diameter of the recess, the positioning is accurate and the rotation is free even if the direction is changed, and the front can be turned to an arbitrary position (FIG. 1).
4, reference numeral 9). According to the sixth aspect, in the water reservoir of the automatic water level bottom watering plant cultivator body applying the principle of the chicken drinking device, there is a granular material containing particles passing through a 6 mm sieve in a concave portion of the water reservoir or a water absorbing material. A plant cultivator, which is a product in which a mat is laid to serve as a water-absorbing medium, and a flowerpot with a hole on the bottom is placed on top of it, and water is supplied to the flowerpot or the medium is set with the automatic constant-level water supply plant cultivator itself. Granules passing through a 6 mm sieve in the concave part of the water reservoir of the main body (mineral:
Sand, pumice stone, zeolite, etc./Biological: Granules containing 50% or more of charcoal, coconut fiber, crushed shell, crushed coral, etc. are spread and used as a water-absorbing medium. The conventional technique of using a dedicated water-absorbing medium for a bottom water-supplying cultivator, which is useful, is to supply water with a dedicated water-absorbing string fixedly installed on the bottom of a flowerpot. The feature is that compared to the conventional method using a water-absorbing string, even without the use of a water-absorbing string, the capillary action ability is large and the whole soil can be supplied, so there is no shortage of water supply even in midsummer. It does not cause poor water absorption due to drying or the like. When fertilized in liquid, it has a better efficiency of sucking up fertilizer than string, and has a durable (durability is almost infinite for mineral particulate matter). There are economic advantages, and grains The amount of water supply can be adjusted by improving the water quality by using calcined zeolite (root rot inhibitor) on the material, or by changing the depth (height) of sinking the bottom of the pot, so adjust it to the appropriate amount of water content of the plant Prevents root rot due to excessive moisture causes, etc., can retain water due to the cavity of the particles of the vehicle, Prevents mosquito spawning by exposing the surface of the water-absorbing vehicle to the water and overflow of water when moving ,
Due to these advantages, irrigation does not hurt the leaves and stems due to the temperature rise of the lens action. In general, in experiments, flowers and flowers are good and have good flowers, and flower pots (pots) are only placed in the reservoir. Because only the pot can be replaced, it can be removed from the water reservoir and put a new one when it withers or when the variety is changed, you can observe the wet state of the water-absorbing medium, and the water-absorbing granular material is familiar to the bottom of the pot If the pot bottom is submerged in granular material having a specific gravity of 1 or more during strong winds, the pot can be made hard to fall down by wind. The effectiveness of using a water-absorbent mat as a water-absorbing medium by laying a water-absorbent mat is similar to the use of water-absorbing granules, without using a water-absorbing string. Since the phenomenon capacity is large and water can be supplied to the entire cultivation soil, there is no shortage of water supply even in the middle of the summer, no foreign matter adheres to the water absorption string, poor water absorption conduction due to excessive drying, etc. By changing the height of the mat by increasing or decreasing the thickness and number of the mat, it adjusts the amount of water supply within the range of the capillary phenomenon For water depth adjustment, and when the water runs out, the color and tension of the mat change Because of this, it is possible to know when to fill the water tank, the flowers and leaves will not be damaged by irrigation, etc. Due to these advantages, flowers and plants generally have flowers, have good flowers, and only put flower pots (pots) When it withered since it is possible to obtain, when varieties change has the convenience of the like can be put a new one is removed from the water storage unit. In the embodiment or means of the invention. Regarding claim 1, the water tank receiving part is basically a T-shaped space part in a cross section perpendicular to the water channel and the concave part of the water storage part cross section (see FIG. 3). Possible (common to claim 1, claim 2, and claim 3)
In the case where a water-absorbing cord is not used or the sixth aspect is not used, the bottom portion of the flowerpot has the same height as the bottom portion of the water tank receiving portion or a slightly lower head. In the case of the second aspect, FIG. 6 shows the basic form of the lid, and the basic form is a plug with a taper as shown in FIG. 7 or a rubber as shown in FIG. Claim 3 is shown in FIGS.
FIGS. 10 and 11 show the basic form. Claim 4 is FIG.
Although the basic shape is 2, the hole need not be at the center of the lid. FIG. 13 is an example of claim 5, but it is made of a ceramic or natural gourd or wood. For wood, the two-piece connection is the basic form to make it hollow. In the case of the sixth aspect, zeolite or the like is used in the case of a granular substance in the case of mineral.
There is a mat that has charcoal etc.
Is a non-woven fabric with felt, etc.
Use of zeolite improves water quality and lowers pot bottoms.
Preventing root rot and increasing water supply by changing the depth (height)
As it can be adjusted, calcined zeolite
use.

[Brief description of the drawings]

FIG. 1 shows an example according to claim 1 or claim 3 of the present application .
It is a top view.

FIG. 2 is an example according to claim 1 or claim 3 of the present application;
FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view taken along line XX of FIG.
There is a rib for prevention and there is a space between the floor and
Easy to see, the water tank is made of ceramic except for the bottom
Item 5.

FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along the line YY in FIG.
It is a front view and the space part cross section is T type.

FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken along the line ZZ in FIG.
FIG.

FIG. 5 is a sectional view taken along line AA of FIG.
It is a front view and the raw material part cross section is concave.

FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a button-equipped boll according to claim 2;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged schematic cross-sectional view of a female screw type (reference numeral 3-1) lid for torsion.
You.

FIG. 7 is a perspective view of a button-equipped bore according to claim 2;
Example of cross-sectional enlargement with an example of a plug-in (code 3-2) lid for tor
The material of the main body is wood according to claim 3.
FIG.

FIG. 8 is a porcelain with a flower and a pot according to claim 3 of the present application .
It is a plane schematic diagram in the example of a vessel-made plant cultivation device main body.

FIG. 9 is a sectional view taken along line XX of FIG . 8 (the bottom surface is easy to lift)
Curved surface as before).

FIG. 10 is a sectional view taken along the line YY of FIG.
The part is a stopper).

FIG. 11 shows a heart shape and a cherry tree according to claim 3 of the present application .
Plane with an example of a wooden automatic constant level water supply body with mombo
It is a schematic diagram.
(Bar), the lid receiving part (reference number 8) is stepped
The middle part is a stopper that supports the tip of the water tank.
Near the lid receiving part of the channel (groove), it is easy to press the hole of the lid with a finger
The width is such that the finger can enter).

FIG. 12: perimeter of a tank with a lid according to claim 4 of the present application
It is a removable lid that can be attached to and detached from.

FIG. 13 shows a rubber stopper according to claim 2 of the present application and a claim.
Item 6. A ceramic water tank according to Item 5 .

FIG. 14 shows a water-absorbing granular material according to claim 6 according to the present application .
FIG. 11 is a schematic sectional view of a usage example of No. 11).

FIG. 15 shows a water-absorbent mat according to claim 6 according to the present application .
FIG. 15 is a schematic sectional view of a usage example of No. 15).

FIG. 16 is a porcelain according to claims 1 and 3 according to the present application;
It is a gourd type water tank made of porcelain.

[Description of Signs ] 1 Water storage unit 2 Water storage tank 3-1 Female thread type lid 3-2 Insert type
Stopper 4 Removable lid 5 Water discharge hole 6 Flowerpot 7 Drainage hole 8 Lid receiving part 9 Reservoir tip 10 Water surface 11 Water-absorbing granular
Object 12 Waterway (groove) 13 Waterway (g)
14 ) Neck receiving part 15
Mat 16 water tank receiving part 17 stopper receiving part 18 waterproofing 19 rubber stopper 20 rib (bar) 21 cylindrical bottom
(Rubber, etc.) 22 Connection fitting (eyelet) 23 Vent hole 24 Water-absorbing string 25 Cultivation or
Soft absorbent material 26 scale

[Procedure amendment 2]

[Document name to be amended] Drawing

[Correction target item name] All figures

[Correction method] Change

[Correction contents]

FIG. 4

FIG. 9

FIG.

FIG. 2

FIG. 3

FIG. 5

FIG. 6

FIG. 7

FIG. 8

FIG. 10

FIG. 11

FIG.

FIG. 13

FIG. 14

FIG.

FIG. 16 ────────────────────────────────────────────────── ───

[Procedure amendment]

[Submission date] July 10, 1999

[Procedure amendment 1]

[Document name to be amended] Statement

[Correction target item name] Full text

[Correction method] Change

[Correction contents]

[Document Name] Statement

[Title of the Invention] A constant water level bottom water supply type plant cultivation device
Or water drinking water supply equipment

[Claims]

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The industrial application field of the present invention is a field including a bottom water cultivator for flowerpots and an automatic waterer for drinking water for pets such as birds. Claim 1 relates to a plant cultivator or a drinking water dispenser to which the principle of a chicken drinking water dispenser is applied, wherein the constituent elements are a water tank with a flat seat for a water discharge section ((1) and (2)).
Examples are shown below), and a flat seat receiving portion for a water tank ((3-1)
(3-2) Any one of (3-3)), water channel ((4
-1) Any of (4-2)) and an automatic constant-water-level type that is used without installing a plant cultivation device or a flower pot of a bottom-water-supplying-type plant cultivation apparatus composed of four elements of the main part (5) of the pedestal. A water drinking water supply device that has the following function or structure for each element.A water tank with a flat seat is a water tank with only a hole for water discharge and a water tank with the water discharge section down. With a flat tank, which is a water tank provided with a flat surface (or a necessary element that can constitute a flat surface and referred to as a flat seat (F) of a water tank with a flat seat) that can stably stand alone when placed on the seat receiving portion. The feature of the water tank is that the part in contact with the water tank flat seat receiving part is made unnecessary by eliminating the need for screws and spring-operated water stop valves to prevent malfunctioning of the water discharge phenomenon, reduce manufacturing costs, save labor, etc. The water discharge section is placed down on the same part Being able to be placed, ceramics, glass, etc. have the ability to stably stand up to outdoor wind force by their own weight even without the protruding part (20), and the funnel-shaped shoulder of a drinking PET bottle Compared to the water tank,
The shoulder (G) can increase capacity. In the case of a water tank flat seat receiving part, the center is hollow and the surrounding flat part receives the load of the flat water tank with a flat seat. When the water tank is set (standing) in the receiving part, The lowest part (11) of the bottom and the plane (3-1) around the upper part of the depression are at a height difference of 1 mm or more .
(H), and the lowest part of the bottom of the water tank with a flat seat
A space is provided between the deepest part (12) of the depression just below the water discharge hole.
(D) to discharge water from the spout hole and connect it there
Water through the water channel, which is above the depression
Around the step (3-1) or a plane in the middle (3-2), or
Three or more projections (3
-3) Provide a shape (the area of the middle plane seat is approximately the diameter
(D) 6 cm or more is suitable for the stability of the water tank with a flat seat). Through
The waterway part is a part of the pedestal essential part from the flat seat receiving part for the water tank.
It is a supply channel that supplies water, but the shape is open at the top.
Groove (4-1) or tunnel without upper opening
(4-2), and the groove shape saves water evaporation and saves water.
The groove width (W) should be 50 over the entire length (L) to keep
mm or less, the groove-shaped feature is that the water tank with a flat seat is impermeable.
It is a clear material and the bottom of the inner part of the main part of the pedestal is
When it is difficult, you can see the presence of water by looking inside the groove,
Unlike the tunnel shape, the waterway is not blocked by foreign matter.
No. The main part of the pedestal is concave to store water,
Bottom is horizontal structure, but part of side wall is connected to water channel
Water is replenished when the water level drops below a certain level. Automatic fixed water bottom
When using as a surface water supply type plant cultivation device, add water to the bottom.
A regular flowerpot with a hole (11) is required
Put on part part. Regarding the usefulness of the plant cultivation apparatus of the automatic constant water level bottom water supply type which does not require electricity and which is a water-saving type according to claim 1, water can be supplied without using a water absorption string (even if used), so the water absorption string is too dry In addition, it is possible to solve the problem of insufficient water absorption due to insufficient cross-sectional area of water absorption, etc. In addition, when setting the water tank with a flat seat on the flat seat receiving part for the water tank, receive the load of the water tank on the flat surface of the receiving part. It is stable and practical with its own weight by simply placing it, so there is no need for a threaded neck in the shape of the water tank,
Therefore, even if the water tank rotates, the height difference of the water surface does not change, so the water tank can be set to any position without changing the water supply capacity (water depth), so the doll is used for decoration. Even in a water tank with a flat surface seat, the appearance balance with the flower pot can be set to the best (arbitrary) position. Further, the necessity of a threaded neck makes the molding difficulty easier and the external force concentrates. Since there is no place, the strength against stress can be reduced, and it is possible to use fragile ceramics so that equipment costs can be reduced, and if it is porcelain, it can be made by hand and modeling the appearance of the water tank including coloring The degree of freedom of expression can be increased, and hollow statues such as dolls and animals (eg, FIG. 1, FIG. 18, FIG. 19) such as hollow statues can be remodeled into water tanks with flat seats, and those with decorative to simple shapes Wide range to It is possible. When a water tank with a flat seat is placed in the middle of the recess in the flat seat receiving part for the water tank, the dimensions of the flat tank of the same water tank should be within the middle diameter of the hollow in the hollow part of the flat seat receiving part for the water tank. Can be used without fixing, so that dimensional tolerance arises. As an example, the diameter of the flat seat in the middle part of the depression in the flat seat receiving part for the water tank (d)
Is 90 mm, it can be used in common with a water tank with a flat seat having an outer diameter of 66 mm or the same water tank with an outer diameter of 80 mm. Claim 2 relates to an improved automatic constant-water-bottom water supply plant cultivation apparatus or an improved drinking water supply apparatus in which the following function or structure is added to the water tank with a flat seat among the four elements described in claim 1. is there. The function or structure added to the water tank with a flat seat is a single-type water tank with a flat seat provided with a water discharge hole (6) for closing with one fingertip ((1)). Example) or a combination type water reservoir with a flat seat (shown in (2)) with a lid (eg, FIG. 15) or a stopper (eg, FIG. 16) provided with a water discharge hole for the same purpose. However, the feature of the water tank with a flat seat according to claim 2 is that the conventional problem is that, for example, when water is poured into a drinking PET bottle, the bottle has a water inlet diameter of about 2.
It is 0 mm and cannot be closed with one fingertip, so when you turn the bottle with water upside down, water will spill below and stain the floor, etc. In the case of a wide mouth such as a cup of tea or a cup, there will be more water on the floor To solve these drawbacks, the hole diameter is 16m
In the case of a single-type water tank with a flat seat or a wide-mouthed container provided with a water discharge hole (6) for closing with one fingertip of about m or less, the hole diameter is about 16 mm or less after water is poured. Lid with a spout that can be closed with one fingertip (Figure 1)
5) Or plug (FIGS. 16 and 17) is fitted to the open part of the container to form a combined type water tank with a flat seat, close the hole with a fingertip, place it on the flat seat receiving portion for the water tank, and release the fingertip at the same time. With some practice, this operation can prevent water from spilling out of the pedestal (7). Therefore, even when performing horticultural therapy for the sick, the water does not spill on the floor in the sickroom. It is a major feature that the spout hole can be cleaned and that there is no failure since there are no attached parts and moving parts. Note that the hole diameter must be 10 mm or more, but it has been clarified by experiments that if the hole diameter is set to a value smaller than 10 mm, water may not be discharged due to surface tension. In addition, when the water tank with a flat seat is made of a ceramic or plant made of a ceramic or a plant, when the water tank is made of transparent or translucent, it is possible to prevent the phenomenon that algae are generated at the same time as the water temperature rises due to sunlight. The container made of a plant includes a bamboo tube, a gourd and the like. According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for producing the three elements of the water tank flat seat receiving portion, the water passage portion, and the pedestal essential portion portion using wood, and performing a waterproof treatment on the water contact portion, or A pedestal (7) for a plant cultivation device or a drinking water supply device according to claim 1, wherein said element is made of ceramics. Because a prototype (mold) is required, the unit price increases in low-volume production, and in order to reduce costs, mass production must be done with standard products. In addition, the plastic material deteriorates due to aging and becomes waste after use. In the case of incineration, the generation of harmful substances such as dioxins has a serious adverse effect on biological environments such as human beings, which contributes to pollution of wastes. Machine (Lou By using the chromatography, etc.), also in the alternative Figure 18,
As shown in the example of FIG. 19, two plates obtained by forming a hole with a thread saw sewing machine without using a router on one flat plate for a bottom plate (FIG. 1)
8) or one piece (Fig. 19) can be formed by preventing the warpage of the board by laminating and joining. Both wood and ceramics are relatively easy to produce in a small-to-order order with both individual shapes. It can be produced and has a short delivery time, making it ideal for small and medium-sized enterprises. In order to make wood, the wetted parts are waterproofed with paint to prevent water leakage and decay. Since wood is a material that can coexist with the earth, it returns to nature by burning or decay after use, and less harmful substances such as dioxins are generated by combustion than plastic materials. It is environmentally friendly without causing pollution, and it is possible to make products that make use of the warmth of the wood as interior decoration for indoor installation. The usefulness of using ceramic as the material is that the life is permanent.If there is even a kiln and the material is ready, it is possible to produce small quantities of individualized shapes without special processing machines, which is impossible with molds. It can be produced relatively easily, has a short delivery time, is ideal for small and medium-sized enterprises, and can be grown as a product of a vocational institution for the handicapped, and does not pollute the air environment at the time of disposal. It is possible to increase the added value by selecting the glaze in a favorite pattern and finishing it with a unique outer shape.In addition, ceramics have a large specific gravity and a flower pot or a water tank with a flat seat and an automatic constant water bottom The pedestal (7) for the plant cultivation device is connected by a rubber band or the like, so that it is hard to fall down by external force. According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a pedestal (7) for an automatic constant water level bottom surface water supply plant cultivation device manufactured by using three elements of the water tank flat seat receiving portion, the water passage portion, and the pedestal main portion according to the first aspect. ) Or a lid provided with one water discharge hole (6) for closing with one finger in a water tank with a flat seat made for the purpose of use as a pedestal (7) for a drinking water supply device. A removable lid with a structure that can be attached to and detached from the outer or inner circumference of the water tank opening with a stopper (Fig. 1
5) or a stopper (FIGS. 16 and 17). Regarding the usefulness, it is easy to remove water or the copper metal according to claim 5 into the water tank with a flat seat by removing the lid. A water tank with a flat seat made of a material with a visible liquid level that can be put in can be reliably controlled by visual observation of the water level because there is no malfunction in the presence or absence of water supply (irrigation) to the flower pot. When a water tank with a flat seat is made of transparent or translucent, algae are generated in the container, so when it gets dirty, it is disassembled and made into a structure that can be easily cleaned with a brush to the corners In addition, displaying the scale (18) on the surface of the water tank with a flat seat is useful for predicting the time of water replenishment. Regarding claim 5, claim 1
Alternatively, copper metal ((8) or (9)) is immersed in the liquid of the main part (5) of the pedestal for the plant cultivation apparatus according to claim 2 or in the liquid of a water tank with a flat seat, and is antibacterial against copper ions. And a plant cultivation method utilizing a bactericidal action or a product of an improved plant cultivation apparatus in which the plant cultivation apparatus according to claim 1 or 2 is combined with the copper metal of the present invention. The antibacterial and bactericidal action of copper ions, which is proven in copper drainage nets at home sinks, has the effect of preventing liquid rot due to invasion of various bacteria and suppressing root rot of plants. In order to insert the copper metal, a water hole is formed at the top just above the water discharge hole or the convex shape (9-1) of the copper metal so as not to block the water discharge hole, or a hollow copper ring (9-
2) should be used. Regarding claim 6, claim 1
Alternatively, a calcined zeolite (10) is laid in the liquid of the essential part (5) of the pedestal for the plant cultivation apparatus according to claim 2, and a flowerpot (13) having a hole on the bottom surface is placed thereon, and a water storage with a flat seat is provided. An improved plant cultivation apparatus in which a method of supplying water from the tank to the plant pot or a calcined zeolite in combination with the plant cultivation apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, is useful as far infrared rays generated from the zeolite. Growth promotion effect
As a result, pH adjustment and water quality improvement and high-temperature heat sterilization
Control of water and root rot due to water
More water retention capacity, sinks the pot bottom in the zeolite and sinks
The depth can be changed arbitrarily and the amount of water supply can be adjusted.
To prevent root rot caused by moisture in the pedestal
If the water runs out in minutes (5), the color of the zeolite
The water in the cistern with an opaque flat seat
It is possible to know when to fill.

[Brief description of the drawings]

FIG. 1 shows an example according to claims 1 and 3 of the present application .
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view in the longitudinal direction at an example in which a flower pot is installed.
The pedestal is made of wood and the wetted parts are waterproof-coated.
The lowest part of the bottom of the water tank (the tip of the water discharge hole) and the upper part of the depression
Has a height difference (H) of 1 mm or more.

FIG. 2 shows an example according to claims 1 and 3 of the present application .
Is a plan view of only the pedestal (7) of FIG.
Has a ditch structure, and the water tank (and flower pot) is
Removed and shown.

FIG. 3 shows an example according to claims 1 and 3 of the present application .
FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along line XX of FIG. 2.

FIG. 4 is a longitudinal sectional view of an example of a synthetic resin according to claims 1 and 2 according to the present application , in which a flower pot is provided.
In this example, the water tank with a flat seat has a water discharge hole diameter of about 16
mm is open.

FIG. 5 is an example according to claims 1 and 3 of the present application;
5 is a plan view of only the pedestal (7) in FIG.

FIG. 6 shows an example according to claims 1 and 3 of the present application .
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the pedestal YY in FIG. 5.

FIG. 7 shows an example according to claims 1 and 3 of the present application .
5 is a pedestal Z-Z cross-sectional view of FIG.
You.

FIG. 8 shows an example according to claims 1 and 3 of the present application .
FIG . 6 is a cross-sectional view of the pedestal BB in FIG. 5 .

FIG. 9 shows an example according to claims 1 and 3 of the present application .
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the pedestal CC of FIG. 5.

FIG. 10: Only the pedestal (7) according to claim 1 according to the present application
Top view with water tank (and flower pot) removed in the example of
The flat seat receiving part for the water tank has three points that can compose a horizontal plane in the middle
The channel has a groove structure and the pedestal (7)
Around the periphery, a reinforcing rib (19) is attached to serve as a decoration.

FIG. 11 shows an example of FIG.
This is an example in which a water storage tank is installed in a sectional view taken along line GG.

FIG. 12 shows an example of FIG.
This is an example in which a water storage tank is installed in a cross-sectional view taken along line EE.

FIG. 13: Only the pedestal (7) according to claim 1 according to the present application
FIG. 11 is a sectional view taken along line FF of FIG. 10 in the example of FIG.

FIG. 14 is a porcelain plant cultivation apparatus according to claim 3 of the present application .
A pedestal for storage or drinking water supply equipment (7) for water tanks
The flat seat receiving part is flat in the method of making the flat seat in the middle part of the hollow.
A plan view is shown.

[15] In this application the attachment up the outer and possible detachable lid on the outer periphery of the tank with a cover manner according to claims 4 and 5 of,
Reference numeral 9 is a cross-sectional view of a hollow copper metal.

FIG. 16 is a view taken on the inner periphery of the tank in the manner described in claim 4 of the present application .
It is sectional drawing of the attachment / detachment removable plug.

FIG. 17 shows an inner periphery of a tank in a manner according to claim 4 of the present application;
It is sectional drawing of a fitting type rubber detachable stopper.

FIG. 18 is a sectional view of claims 3 and 5 of the present application.
For claim 3, add a hole on the bottom plate using a thread saw
A cultivation device formed by stacking and joining two processed plates
Is a water supply pedestal.

FIG. 19 is a sectional view of the third and sixth aspects of the present invention.
For claim 3, add a hole on the bottom plate using a thread saw
A cultivation device formed by laminating and joining one processed plate
Is a water supply pedestal.

[Description of Signs ] 1 Water tank with a flat seat with a flat seat in a single-type water discharge section
2 Combination type water tank with flat seat at spout
3-1 The flat seat receiving part for the water tank
Plane seat) 3-2 Plane seat receiving part for water tank (in the hollow part)
3-3 Plane seat receiving part for water storage tank (the middle part of the recess is 3 or more places)
Raised Face) 4-1 grooved passage constituted by projections on
Waterway part 4-2 Tunnel-shaped waterway part 5 Pedestal essential part 6 Water outlet 7 Pedestal (water tank
Three parts: a plane seat receiving part, a water channel part and a pedestal main part
Copper metal in liquid 8 pedestal main portion consisting of hydrogen
9 Copper metal in liquid in water tank with flat seat 10 Burn
Sei zeolite 11 lowest part or tip 1 of bottom of water tank with flat seat
2 The deepest part of the hollow just below the water discharge hole 13 Flowerpot with hole
14 Drain hole 15 Water surface 16 Combination type flat
For attaching and detaching to the outer periphery of the opening of a water tank with a face seat
Removable lid 17 Combination type water tank open port with flat seat
Detachable stopper 18 for attaching and detaching to the inner circumference of
Graduation 19 lowest portion of the bottom surface of the reinforcing rib 20 protrusions H plane seat with savings aquarium (11) and the recess upper plane
D representing the height difference from (3-1). The lowest part of the bottom of the water tank with a flat seat and the depression just below the water discharge hole.
D represents the distance from the deepest part (12) of the water tank
Depressed part of seat receiving part Diameter of plane seat in middle stage W Water channel part
Groove width L Total length of water passage part S Funnel type bottom
(For water injection into a water tank) F
Natural element G shoulder

[Procedure amendment 2]

[Document name to be amended] Drawing

[Correction target item name] All figures

[Correction method] Change

[Correction contents]

FIG. 3

FIG. 6

FIG. 7

FIG. 8

FIG.

FIG. 2

FIG. 4

FIG. 5

FIG. 9

FIG. 10

FIG. 11

FIG.

FIG. 13

FIG. 14

FIG.

FIG. 16

FIG.

FIG.

FIG.

Claims (6)

[Claims]
1. In an application product of a chicken waterer-type principle comprising three elements of a water tank neck receiving portion or a lid receiving portion, a water channel portion, and a water storing portion, three elements are integrally made of wood and provided in a water contact portion. Automatic water level bottom watering plant cultivator body or waterer body with waterproof treatment.
2. A water tank or a water tank lid with a small hole that can be closed with one fingertip in an automatic constant-water-bottom water-supply plant cultivator or a water-supply device, and an automatic constant-water-bottom water-supply plant. Automatic constant water level bottom watering plant cultivator or waterer based on the principle of chicken waterer by combining with cultivator body or waterer body.
3. An automatic constant-water-supplying water-supplying plant cultivator according to the principle of a chicken-water-drinker, wherein either a granular material or a water-absorbing mat that passes through a 5-mm sieve is laid in a concave portion of a water storage portion of the plant cultivator to serve as a water-absorbing medium. A method in which a flower pot with a hole on the bottom is placed on the top and water can be supplied to the flower pot without using a water-absorbing string.
4. A water-absorbing medium, wherein either a granular material or a water-absorbing mat that passes through a 5-mm sieve is laid in a concave portion of the water reservoir of the main body of the water cultivator of the automatic constant-water-supplying water plant cultivator according to the chicken water-drinker principle. An automatic fixed-water-supply plant cultivator with a plant pot with a hole at the bottom on the top and water can be supplied to the pot without using a water-absorbing cord.
5. The plant cultivator according to claim 1, further comprising a water depth adjusting disk to be placed between the flowerpot and the water storage portion.
6. A variable-size insertion plug according to claim 2, wherein an outer shape of a part to be inserted is formed of a soft plastic tape with an adhesive in a form of being inserted into the neck of the water tank with the lid for the water tank according to claim 2.
JP16407798A 1998-05-09 1998-05-09 Device relating to plant cultivation apparatus irrigated from bottom at constant water level or water-feeding apparatus for drinking Pending JPH11318216A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP16407798A JPH11318216A (en) 1998-05-09 1998-05-09 Device relating to plant cultivation apparatus irrigated from bottom at constant water level or water-feeding apparatus for drinking

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP16407798A JPH11318216A (en) 1998-05-09 1998-05-09 Device relating to plant cultivation apparatus irrigated from bottom at constant water level or water-feeding apparatus for drinking

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH11318216A true JPH11318216A (en) 1999-11-24

Family

ID=15786351

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP16407798A Pending JPH11318216A (en) 1998-05-09 1998-05-09 Device relating to plant cultivation apparatus irrigated from bottom at constant water level or water-feeding apparatus for drinking

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH11318216A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2004014127A1 (en) * 2002-08-09 2004-02-19 Drip-It Systems International Inc. Watering device
GB2470275B (en) * 2009-05-13 2011-09-07 Jim Laflin Controlled moisture release device
JP2014100086A (en) * 2012-11-19 2014-06-05 Suntory Holdings Ltd Plant container and planting device comprising plant container
CN106234056A (en) * 2016-08-18 2016-12-21 李柳强 A kind of animal ceramic flowerpot

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2004014127A1 (en) * 2002-08-09 2004-02-19 Drip-It Systems International Inc. Watering device
GB2470275B (en) * 2009-05-13 2011-09-07 Jim Laflin Controlled moisture release device
JP2014100086A (en) * 2012-11-19 2014-06-05 Suntory Holdings Ltd Plant container and planting device comprising plant container
CN103947476A (en) * 2012-11-19 2014-07-30 三得利控股株式会社 Planting container and planting device having planting container
CN106234056A (en) * 2016-08-18 2016-12-21 李柳强 A kind of animal ceramic flowerpot

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