JPH08277597A - Heat insulated roof panel and roof structure - Google Patents

Heat insulated roof panel and roof structure

Info

Publication number
JPH08277597A
JPH08277597A JP7104765A JP10476595A JPH08277597A JP H08277597 A JPH08277597 A JP H08277597A JP 7104765 A JP7104765 A JP 7104765A JP 10476595 A JP10476595 A JP 10476595A JP H08277597 A JPH08277597 A JP H08277597A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
roof
heat insulating
panel
base panel
roof panel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP7104765A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Shoji Matsuzawa
庄次 松沢
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to JP7104765A priority Critical patent/JPH08277597A/en
Publication of JPH08277597A publication Critical patent/JPH08277597A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

PURPOSE: To make it possible to diffuse radiation heat properly by the convection of radiation heat of a heat insulating material and enhance handling more conveniently and cut and use freely. CONSTITUTION: Heat insulating materials 6 and 19 are mounted between two substrate panels which are vertically installed, thereby forming one piece panel. Heat insulated roof panels 1 and 16 provided with voids forming vent openings 8 and 10 near the upper substrate panel along the beam-to-beam direction are loaded on horizontal frame materials 2, 22 and 24 installed side by side in the longitudinal direction. The roof panels 1 and 16 are connected to the horizontal members 2, 23 and 24 by way of a connector while the upper end of the voids is communicated with a ventilating opening 27 installed on the ridge of the roof.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention

【0001】[0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明は、予め工場で製作した断
熱屋根パネルを現場に搬入し、もや等の横架材上に装着
して使用する断熱屋根パネルおよび屋根構造に関する。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a heat insulating roof panel and a roof structure for carrying a heat insulating roof panel manufactured in a factory in advance to a site and mounting it on a horizontal member such as haze for use.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】従来より一般的な木造家屋では、四方に
立設した柱とその中間に立設した間柱の上端を、梁間方
向に架設した小屋ばりと桁行き方向に架設した軒げたと
で連結して軸組みし、この軸組上に所定勾配で屋根を支
持するための屋根構造として、上記小屋ばりから小屋づ
かを立設して当該小屋づかの上端部には高さ位置を違え
て平行状に棟木及びもやを横架材として桁行き方向に沿
って架設すると共に、この横架材上には梁間方向に沿っ
た所定勾配で複数のたる木を並列状に架設させ、これら
のたる木上には野地板と呼ばれる下地材を張設し、さら
にその上面にアスファルトルーフィングなどのシート状
防水材を張設した後に、瓦などの屋根ふき材を装着させ
るようにしている。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, in a typical wooden house, the upper end of a pillar erected on all sides and the studs erected in the middle of the pillar has a shed bar installed in the beam direction and an eave girder installed in the girder direction. As a roof structure for connecting and framing, and supporting the roof on this framing with a predetermined slope, erection of the huts from the hut above, and the height position at the upper end of the huts is different. The purlins and haze are laid in parallel along the direction of the girder as a horizontal bridge, and a plurality of rafters are laid in parallel on the horizontal bridge at a predetermined gradient along the beam-to-beam direction. A base material called a field board is stretched on the top, and a sheet-shaped waterproof material such as asphalt roofing is stretched on the upper surface, and then roofing materials such as roof tiles are attached.

【0003】しかし、現場施工を中心とした在来工法で
は熟練した人材や広い作業空間を確保したり、作業能率
を向上させて工期の短縮やコストの低減を計ることなど
が困難になってきたので、近年では建物の各部を予めユ
ニット化して工場で生産し、これを現場へ搬入して組み
付けるユニット工法が盛んに実施され、特に壁や床及び
屋根構造に対するのパネル化は著しい。これらの屋根構
造の場合には、例えば井桁状に枠組みされたたる木材の
上下両面にそれぞれ下地パネルを張設すると共に、当該
各下地パネルの間に発泡ポリスチレンフォームなどの断
熱材を装着した屋根パネルを工場生産し、これを現場に
搬入して上記棟木ともや及び軒げた上へ梁間方向に沿っ
た所定勾配で取り付けるようにした構成のものがある。
However, it has become difficult to secure skilled human resources and a wide working space, and to improve work efficiency to shorten the construction period and cost by the conventional construction method mainly for on-site construction. Therefore, in recent years, a unit construction method in which each part of the building is unitized in advance and produced in a factory, which is carried into the site and assembled is actively carried out, and in particular, paneling is particularly remarkable for walls, floors and roof structures. In the case of these roof structures, for example, a roof panel in which a foundation panel is stretched on both upper and lower sides of a timber framed in a grid pattern, and a heat insulating material such as expanded polystyrene foam is mounted between the foundation panels. There is a construction in which the above is manufactured at a factory and is carried to the site and is attached to the above-mentioned purlins and the eaves with a predetermined gradient along the beam direction.

【0004】[0004]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかし、上記した断熱
屋根パネル及び当該断熱屋根パネルを用いた屋根構造の
場合には次のような解決を必要とする課題があった。
However, in the case of the above-described heat insulating roof panel and the roof structure using the heat insulating roof panel, there is a problem requiring the following solution.

【0005】その第1は、上部下地パネルを介して断熱
材に吸収された輻射熱は、対流せずに当該断熱材に篭も
って局部的に過度な温度及び湿度の上昇を生ずるだけ
で、この輻射熱を除湿や暖房等のために有効に利用する
ことができないと共に、下地パネルに反りを発生させて
瓦の載置を不安定にしたりシート状防水材の接着層を劣
化させて防水性を低下させる恐れがある。
The first is that the radiant heat absorbed by the heat insulating material through the upper base panel does not convect, but only in the heat insulating material is caused locally in the heat insulating material to cause excessive temperature and humidity rises. Can not be effectively used for dehumidification or heating, etc., and warps the base panel to make the placement of the roof tile unstable or deteriorate the adhesive layer of the sheet-shaped waterproof material to deteriorate the waterproofness. There is a fear.

【0006】その第2は、屋根パネルに予めたる木材が
取り付けられていると、搬入したり組み付けする際の取
り扱いが不便であると共に、自由に切断して使用するこ
とができないので例えば寄せ棟造りのように突き合わせ
状の接合部を備えた屋根構造での使用には不適当であ
る。
Secondly, if timber is previously attached to the roof panel, it is inconvenient to handle when carrying it in or assembling it, and it cannot be freely cut and used. Is unsuitable for use in roof structures with butt joints such as.

【0007】そこで、本発明による断熱屋根パネルでは
上記した従来技術の課題の解決を主な目的とし、特に断
熱材の輻射熱を対流させて適度に放散させると共に、取
り扱いが便利で且つ自由に切断して使用することができ
る断熱屋根パネルおよび屋根構造を提供する。
Therefore, the heat insulating roof panel according to the present invention is mainly aimed at solving the above-mentioned problems of the prior art. Particularly, the radiant heat of the heat insulating material is convected to be appropriately dissipated, and it is convenient to handle and can be cut freely. Thermal insulation roof panel and roof structure that can be used as

【0008】[0008]

【課題を解決するための手段】上記した課題を解決する
本発明による断熱屋根パネルでは、上下に配設した二枚
の下地パネルの間に断熱材を装着して一体に形成され、
上部下地パネルの近傍には梁間方向に沿って通気口を形
成するための空隙部を設けた。上記空洞部は、上記断熱
材の上面に形成された凹凸面の凹溝とその上面に装着さ
れた上部下地パネルの間や、上記上部下地パネルの上面
に形成された凹凸面の凹溝とその上面に張設されるシー
ト状防水材の間や、上記上部下地パネル内に上下端部を
貫通する態様で穿設された連通孔等によって形成され
る。
In the heat-insulating roof panel according to the present invention for solving the above-mentioned problems, a heat-insulating material is mounted between two upper and lower base panels, which are integrally formed,
In the vicinity of the upper base panel, a void portion was formed along the beam direction for forming a vent hole. The hollow portion is formed between the concave groove of the uneven surface formed on the upper surface of the heat insulating material and the upper base panel mounted on the upper surface, or the concave groove of the uneven surface formed on the upper surface of the upper base panel and its It is formed between the sheet-like waterproof material stretched on the upper surface, or by a communication hole formed in the upper base panel so as to penetrate the upper and lower ends.

【0009】また本発明による屋根構造では、桁行き方
向に沿って架設された横架材上に上記空洞部を備えた断
熱屋根パネルを並列状に載置させ、この断熱屋根パネル
は連結具を介して横架材に連結すると共に、上記空洞部
の上端側を屋根の棟に設けた換気口に連通させた。この
連結具は、例えば一端側を上部下地パネルの上面に連結
して当該上部下地パネルと断熱材及び下部下地パネルを
貫通させ、他端側を横架材に連結させている。
Further, in the roof structure according to the present invention, the heat insulating roof panels having the above-mentioned cavities are placed side by side on a horizontal member installed along the direction of the girder, and this heat insulating roof panel has a connecting member. The upper end side of the hollow portion was connected to the ventilation port provided in the roof ridge while being connected to the horizontal member via the above. In this connector, for example, one end side is connected to the upper surface of the upper base panel to penetrate the upper base panel, the heat insulating material and the lower base panel, and the other end side is connected to the horizontal member.

【0010】さらに本発明による他の屋根構造では、上
部下地パネルの横幅を広くして断熱材及び下部下地パネ
ルの両端部から突設した状態で上記断熱屋根パネルを用
い、桁行き方向に沿って架設された横架材上に梁間方向
に沿ってたる木が連結された主体構造に対し、断熱材及
び下部下地パネルを隣接したたる木の間に収容させた状
態で、上部下地材の両端が隣接したたる木上に架設する
態様で載置させ、この断熱屋根パネルは固着手段を介し
てたる木に連結すると共に、上記空洞部の上端側を屋根
の棟に設けた換気口に連通させた。
Further, in another roof structure according to the present invention, the above-mentioned heat-insulating roof panel is used in a state in which the width of the upper base panel is widened so as to project from both ends of the heat insulating material and the lower base panel. For the main structure in which the rafters are connected along the beam-to-beam direction on the erected horizontal bridge, the heat insulating material and the lower base panel are housed between the adjacent rafters, and both ends of the upper base material are on the adjacent rafters. The heat insulating roof panel was connected to the rafters through the fixing means, and the upper end side of the hollow portion was communicated with the ventilation port provided in the roof ridge.

【0011】[0011]

【実施例】以下に、本発明による断熱屋根パネルおよび
屋根構造を図1〜7で図示する実施例に基づいて詳細に
説明する。図1は、本発明の第1実施例による屋根構造
を示すが、この屋根構造では予め工場で生産した断熱屋
根パネル1を建築現場に搬入し、建築現場で横架材とし
て施工されたもや2上に複数の断熱屋根パネル1を桁行
き方向Xに沿って並列状に隣接配備させた状態で載置さ
せ、各断熱屋根パネル1をもや2に対して連結具3を介
して取り付け、従来構造で使用していたたる木材を省略
した構造である。
The heat insulating roof panel and roof structure according to the present invention will be described below in detail with reference to the embodiments shown in FIGS. FIG. 1 shows a roof structure according to a first embodiment of the present invention. In this roof structure, a heat-insulating roof panel 1 produced in a factory in advance is carried into a construction site and is constructed as a horizontal member at the construction site. A plurality of heat-insulating roof panels 1 are placed in parallel along the direction of girder X on two in a state of being adjacently arranged, and each heat-insulating roof panel 1 is attached to the haze 2 via a connecting tool 3, It is a structure that omits the barrel wood used in the conventional structure.

【0012】断熱屋根パネル1は、例えばシージングボ
ード(軟質繊維板)等を用いて定尺に裁断された上下の
各下地パネル4,5と、この下地パネル4,5の間に装
着された例えばポリウレタンやポリスチレン等の発泡樹
脂材による板状の断熱材6とを少なくとも備え、上部下
地パネル4と断熱材6及び下部下地パネル5と断熱材6
の間は、接着剤または接着シート材を介在させて一体に
接合されている。
The heat insulating roof panel 1 is mounted between the upper and lower base panels 4 and 5, which are cut into a regular size using, for example, a sheathing board (soft fiber board), and the base panels 4 and 5, for example. At least a plate-shaped heat insulating material 6 made of a foamed resin material such as polyurethane or polystyrene is provided, and the upper base panel 4 and the heat insulating material 6 and the lower base panel 5 and the heat insulating material 6 are provided.
The spaces are bonded together with an adhesive or an adhesive sheet material interposed.

【0013】上記連結具3は、例えば折り曲げ可能な薄
い鋼板で形成され、この連結具3を図2(a)で示すよ
うに下地パネル4,5に穿設された通孔4a,5aに挿
通させ、下端側はネジや釘または接着等の固着手段7を
用いてもや2に連結すると共に、上端側は矢印のように
上部下地パネル4の上面へ逆L字状に折り曲げた状態で
同じく固着手段7を用いて上部下地パネル4に連結す
る。上記実施例では、連結具3を断熱屋根パネル1に添
着しない状態で建築現場に搬入し、現場で各下地パネル
4,5に通孔4a,5aを穿設して上記連結を行うよう
にする態様と、工場で各下地パネル4,5に通孔4a,
5aを穿設して断熱屋根パネル1に連結具3を添着した
状態で建築現場に搬入する態様とがある。前者の場合に
は、現場での連結具3の取り付け作業が煩雑になる短所
と、もや2の位置に応じて連結具3を断熱屋根パネル1
の任意な位置に取り付けできる長所とがあり、後者の場
合には短所と長所が前者の場合とは逆になる。
The connecting tool 3 is formed of, for example, a bendable thin steel plate, and the connecting tool 3 is inserted into through holes 4a, 5a formed in the base panels 4, 5 as shown in FIG. 2 (a). Then, the lower end side is connected to the hook 2 by using a fixing means 7 such as a screw, a nail or an adhesive, and the upper end side is also bent in an inverted L shape to the upper surface of the upper base panel 4 as shown by an arrow. The fixing means 7 is used to connect the upper base panel 4. In the above embodiment, the connection tool 3 is carried into the building site without being attached to the heat insulating roof panel 1, and the through holes 4a and 5a are formed in the respective base panels 4 and 5 at the site to perform the connection. And the through holes 4a in the base panels 4 and 5 at the factory,
There is a mode in which 5a is bored and the heat-insulating roof panel 1 is carried in to the building site with the connecting tool 3 attached. In the case of the former, the disadvantage that the installation work of the connection tool 3 on the site becomes complicated, and the connection tool 3 is attached to the heat insulating roof panel 1 depending on the position of the haze 2.
There is an advantage that it can be attached at any position, and in the latter case, the disadvantages and advantages are opposite to those of the former case.

【0014】また連結具3の他の実施例としては、図2
(b)で示すように上端側を逆L字状に折り曲げてネジ
や釘または接着等の固着手段7で上部下地パネル4に連
結すると共に、下部下地パネル5に穿設した通孔5aに
挿通させた下端側を破線のように折り曲げた状態で断熱
屋根パネル1に添着させ、当該連結具3の下端側を現場
で矢印のように起立させてもや2に固着手段7を用いて
連結する態様もある。
As another embodiment of the connecting tool 3, FIG.
As shown in (b), the upper end side is bent in an inverted L-shape and connected to the upper base panel 4 by a fixing means 7 such as a screw, a nail or an adhesive, and is inserted into a through hole 5a formed in the lower base panel 5. The lower end side thus bent is attached to the heat-insulating roof panel 1 in a state of being bent like a broken line, and the lower end side of the connecting tool 3 is erected at the site as shown by an arrow and is connected to the haze 2 using the fixing means 7. There are also modes.

【0015】上記断熱屋根パネル1には、上記上部下地
パネル4の近傍に屋根勾配と平行する梁間方向に沿って
上下端部に開口する態様で多数の通気口8が平行状に設
けられており、この通気口8は図3で示すように各種の
空洞部8A〜8Eによって形成することができる。図3
(a)で示す実施例では、上面を断面方形状に切り欠い
て梁間方向に沿った凹溝を形成する断熱材6Aの凹凸面
上に底面を平坦にした上部下地パネル4Aを装着させ、
この断熱材6Aの凹溝と上部下地パネル4Aの間に形成
される空洞部8Aによって上記通気口8を構成する。図
3(b)で示す実施例では、上面を波状の凹凸面に形成
した断熱材6Bの凹溝と、この凸面上に装着される底面
を平坦にした上部下地パネル4Bの間に形成される空洞
部8Bによって上記通気口8を構成する。図3(c)で
示す実施例では、上面を平坦にした断熱材6Cの上面に
対し、上面に断面方形状で梁間方向に沿って延在する突
起片9によって凹凸面を形成する上部下地パネル4Cを
装着させ、この突起片9の上面にアスファルトルーフィ
ングなどのシート状防水材10を張設する事で、隣接す
る突起片9,9間の凹溝が形成する空洞部8Cによって
上記通気口8を構成する。図3(d)で示す実施例で
は、上面を平坦にした断熱材6Dの上面に対し、内部を
貫通する態様で梁間方向に沿って延在する刳り抜き穴を
形成した上部下地パネル4Dを装着させ、この刳り抜き
穴が形成する空洞部8Dによって上記通気口8を構成す
る。図3(e)で示す実施例では、上面を平坦にした断
熱材6Eの上面に対し、底面側に開口して梁間方向に沿
って延在する断面コ字状の座繰り溝穴を形成した上部下
地パネル4Eを装着させ、この座繰り溝穴が形成する空
洞部8Eによって上記通気口8を構成する。
In the heat insulating roof panel 1, a large number of ventilation holes 8 are provided in parallel in the vicinity of the upper base panel 4 in such a manner as to open at the upper and lower ends along the beam direction parallel to the roof slope. The vent hole 8 can be formed by various cavity portions 8A to 8E as shown in FIG. FIG.
In the embodiment shown in (a), the upper base panel 4A having a flat bottom surface is mounted on the uneven surface of the heat insulating material 6A in which the upper surface is notched in a rectangular cross section to form a groove along the beam direction.
The vent hole 8 is formed by the hollow portion 8A formed between the concave groove of the heat insulating material 6A and the upper base panel 4A. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 3B, it is formed between the concave groove of the heat insulating material 6B whose upper surface is formed into a wavy uneven surface and the upper base panel 4B whose flat bottom surface is mounted on this convex surface. The cavity 8B constitutes the vent hole 8. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 3C, an upper base panel in which an uneven surface is formed on the upper surface of the heat insulating material 6C having a flat upper surface by projecting pieces 9 having a rectangular cross section and extending along the beam-to-beam direction. 4C is mounted, and a sheet-like waterproof material 10 such as asphalt roofing is stretched on the upper surface of the projection piece 9 so that the vent hole 8C is formed by the cavity 8C formed by the concave groove between the adjacent projection pieces 9 and 9. Make up. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 3 (d), the upper base panel 4D in which the hollowed-out holes extending along the beam-to-beam direction in the manner of penetrating the inside is formed is attached to the upper surface of the heat insulating material 6D having the flattened upper surface. Then, the vent hole 8 is constituted by the hollow portion 8D formed by the hollowed hole. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 3 (e), a counterbored slot having a U-shaped cross section is formed on the upper surface of the heat insulating material 6E having a flat upper surface, the opening facing the bottom surface and extending in the beam-to-beam direction. The upper base panel 4E is mounted, and the cavity 8E formed by the counterbore groove constitutes the vent hole 8.

【0016】上記した屋根構造では、隣接する断熱屋根
パネル1の接合部分に対して例えば図4(a)で示すよ
うに、端面を平坦にした断熱屋根パネル1A,1Aを突
き合わせ状態で接合し、その接合部分の上面に粘着性の
接着シート11を張設して接合させたり、図4(b)で
示すように下部下地パネル5と断熱材6に対して上部下
地パネル4を水平方向へずらせた状態で装着させた断熱
屋根パネル1B,1Bを用い、当該断熱屋根パネルの端
面を合い欠き継ぎ状態で接合し、その接合部分をネジや
釘などの固着手段12で固着する態様がある。
In the roof structure described above, the heat insulating roof panels 1A and 1A having flat end faces are joined to each other in a butted state with respect to the joint portion of the adjacent heat insulating roof panels 1 as shown in FIG. 4 (a), An adhesive sheet 11 having an adhesive property is stretched on the upper surface of the joint portion to be joined, or the upper base panel 4 is horizontally displaced with respect to the lower base panel 5 and the heat insulating material 6 as shown in FIG. 4B. There is a mode in which the heat-insulating roof panels 1B and 1B mounted in the above state are used, the end surfaces of the heat-insulating roof panels are joined in a cut-and-joint state, and the joined portions are secured by fastening means 12 such as screws or nails.

【0017】なお、上記した断熱屋根パネル1は上下の
各下地パネル4,5と断熱材6の間が接着剤や接着シー
トによる接着手段を介して接合されると共に、上下の各
下地パネル4,5の間は連結具3を介して係止されてい
るので、通常の使用では各下地パネル4,5の間が梁間
方向にずれることはないが、さらに強固な連結を必要と
する場合には図1で示すように、軒先側の端部に例えば
上下の下地パネル4,5を貫通する態様でボルト13を
挿通させてナット14で締結したり、上下の下地パネル
4,5を狭持する態様でコ字状のずれ防止金具15をは
め込んでボルト13とナット14で締結するなど、ずれ
防止手段を用いることができる。
In the heat insulating roof panel 1 described above, the upper and lower base panels 4, 5 and the heat insulating material 6 are joined together by an adhesive or an adhesive sheet, and the upper and lower base panels 4, 5 are joined together. Since the 5 are locked via the connecting tool 3, the base panels 4 and 5 do not shift in the beam direction in normal use, but when a stronger connection is required, As shown in FIG. 1, for example, the bolts 13 are inserted through the end portions on the eaves side in a manner of penetrating the upper and lower base panels 4 and 5 and fastened with nuts 14, or the upper and lower base panels 4 and 5 are held. In this mode, a shift preventing means can be used, such as fitting a U-shaped shift preventing metal fitting 15 and fastening it with the bolt 13 and the nut 14.

【0018】次に、本発明の第2実施例による断熱屋根
パネルおよび屋根構造を図5及び図6で説明する。この
実施例の断熱屋根パネル16は、第1実施例の断熱屋根
パネル1の場合と同様に上下の各下地パネル17,18
と断熱材19とが重合状態で一体に接合され、上部下地
パネル17の近傍には屋根勾配と平行する梁間方向に沿
って延在された空洞部による通気口20が形成されてい
る。但し、この断熱屋根パネル16は第1実施例の断熱
屋根パネル1の場合とは異なり、下部下地パネル18及
び断熱材19に対して上部下地パネル17の両端がたる
木材21の横幅の略二分の一の長さだけそれぞれ外側へ
突設された状態に形成されていると共に、この断熱屋根
パネル16を用いた屋根構造ではたる木材21が必要で
ある。
Next, a heat insulating roof panel and a roof structure according to the second embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. The heat insulating roof panel 16 of this embodiment has upper and lower base panels 17, 18 as in the case of the heat insulating roof panel 1 of the first embodiment.
The heat insulating material 19 and the heat insulating material 19 are integrally joined in a superposed state, and a ventilation port 20 is formed in the vicinity of the upper base panel 17 by a hollow portion extending along the beam direction parallel to the roof slope. However, unlike the case of the heat insulating roof panel 1 of the first embodiment, this heat insulating roof panel 16 is approximately half the width of the timber 21 which is the end of the upper ground panel 17 with respect to the lower ground panel 18 and the heat insulating material 19. The roof structure using the heat-insulating roof panel 16 requires the barrel wood 21 while being formed so as to project outward by one length.

【0019】即ち、この実施例による屋根構造では上記
構成による断熱屋根パネル16を工場生産して建築現場
へ搬入し、この断熱屋根パネル16は現場で施工された
横架材であるもや22上に直交状に取り付けられいるた
る木材21に対し、架設状態で取り付けられる。この断
熱屋根パネル16の取り付けは、下部下地パネル18及
び断熱材19を隣接するたる木材21,21の間に収容
させると共に、上部下地パネル17の桁行き方向の両端
部がたる木材21状に載置される態様で架設され、当該
両端部をネジや釘または接着材等の固着手段23を用い
て一体に連結させる。
That is, in the roof structure according to this embodiment, the heat-insulating roof panel 16 having the above-described structure is produced in a factory and carried into a building site. It is attached in a erected state to the timber 21 which is attached orthogonally to the. The heat insulating roof panel 16 is mounted by accommodating the lower base panel 18 and the heat insulating material 19 between the adjacent timbers 21 and 21 and mounting the upper base panel 17 on the timber 21 in which both ends in the girder direction are timber. The both ends are connected together using a fixing means 23 such as a screw, a nail or an adhesive material.

【0020】以上のようにして、もや2,22及び棟木
24などの横架材または当該横架材上のたる木材21に
断熱屋根パネル1,16が装着され、図7で示すように
断熱屋根パネル1,16の上面にアスファルトルーフィ
ングなどのシート状防水材25を張設し、その上面に瓦
などの屋根葺き材26を装着して屋根が完成する。この
屋根構造によると、断熱屋根パネル1,16に形成され
た空洞部による通気口8,20が軒下側から棟木24上
に設けた峰換気口27に連通するので、軒下側で通気口
8,20内へ取り込まれた空気は断熱屋根パネル1,1
6内を通過して峰換気口27を介して順次排出される流
路を構成する。
As described above, the heat insulating roof panels 1 and 16 are attached to the horizontal members such as the haze 2, 22 and the purlin 24 or the timber 21 which is the horizontal members, and heat insulation is performed as shown in FIG. A sheet-like waterproof material 25 such as asphalt roofing is stretched on the upper surfaces of the roof panels 1 and 16, and a roofing material 26 such as a tile is mounted on the upper surface thereof to complete the roof. According to this roof structure, the ventilation holes 8 and 20 formed by the hollow portions formed in the heat insulating roof panels 1 and 16 communicate with the ridge ventilation holes 27 provided on the purlin 24 from the lower side of the eaves. Air taken into 20 is insulated roof panel 1,1
A flow path that passes through the inside of the chamber 6 and is sequentially discharged through the ridge ventilation port 27 is formed.

【0021】なお、本発明は上記した実施例に限定され
るものではなく、要旨の範囲内において各種の変形を採
り得るものである。例えば、実施例では別体で製作した
下地パネルと断熱材を接着材で一体に接合するようにし
たが、下地パネルを製作する際に発泡ウレタンなどの断
熱材を注入して一体に添着させる態様もあり、また下地
パネルとして用いたシージングボードに代えて、合板や
パーティクルボードその他の公知の下地板材料を適宜に
使用する事もできる。
The present invention is not limited to the above-mentioned embodiments, but various modifications can be made within the scope of the invention. For example, in the embodiment, the base panel and the heat insulating material, which are separately manufactured, are integrally joined with an adhesive material. However, when the base panel is manufactured, a heat insulating material such as urethane foam is injected and integrally attached. Also, instead of the sheathing board used as the base panel, plywood, particle board, and other known base plate materials can be appropriately used.

【0022】[0022]

【発明の効果】上記した実施例の説明でも明らかなよう
に、本発明による断熱屋根パネルおよび屋根構造による
と、次のような効果を期待することができる。本発明に
よる断熱屋根パネルでは、たる木材が装着されていない
ので軽量で且つ搬入したり組み付けする際の取り扱い操
作が簡単である。また、たる木材が装着されていないと
所望の長さで自由に切断して使用することができ、特に
突き合わせ上の接合部を備えた寄せ棟造り等の屋根構造
にも使用することができる。さらに、上部下地パネルの
近傍に空洞部が形成されている上記断熱屋根パネルを用
いて、もやなどの横架材または当該横架材上のたる木材
に取り付けられる本発明による屋根構造では、当該空洞
部によって軒先側から棟側への通気口が形成される。こ
れにより、断熱部材の輻射熱を適度に放散させて過度の
蓄熱による温度及び湿度の上昇を防ぎ、シート上防水材
の劣化や下地パネルの反りによる屋根葺き材の載置不安
定を防止することができると共に、当該通気によって居
室内の温度及び湿度を安定させて居住環境を改善するこ
とができる。また、上下の下地パネル間に連結具を介在
させて断熱屋根パネルをもやなどの横架材に直接取り付
ける屋根構造では、たる木材が不要になるので製作が容
易で且つコストを低減することができる。
As is apparent from the above description of the embodiments, according to the heat insulating roof panel and roof structure of the present invention, the following effects can be expected. In the heat insulating roof panel according to the present invention, since no timber is attached to the heat insulating roof panel, the heat insulating roof panel is lightweight and easy to handle when carrying in or assembling. Further, if the barrel wood is not attached, it can be freely cut and used at a desired length, and in particular, it can also be used for a roof structure such as a parquet structure having a joint on a butt. Furthermore, in the roof structure according to the present invention, which is attached to a horizontal member such as a haze or timber which is a material on the horizontal member by using the heat insulating roof panel in which a cavity is formed in the vicinity of the upper base panel, The cavity forms a vent from the eaves side to the ridge side. Thereby, the radiant heat of the heat insulating member is appropriately dissipated to prevent an increase in temperature and humidity due to excessive heat storage, and it is possible to prevent deterioration of the waterproof material on the seat and instability of placement of the roofing material due to warpage of the base panel. In addition, the ventilation can stabilize the temperature and humidity in the living room and improve the living environment. Further, in a roof structure in which a heat insulating roof panel is directly attached to a horizontal member such as a haze by interposing a connecting tool between the upper and lower base panels, it is not necessary to use the timber, so that the manufacturing is easy and the cost can be reduced. it can.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]

【図1】本発明の第1実施例による断熱屋根パネルと同
パネルを用いた屋根構造を示す要部斜視図。
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an essential part showing a heat insulating roof panel according to a first embodiment of the present invention and a roof structure using the panel.

【図2】図1の屋根構造における連結具による断熱屋根
パネルの取り付け状態を説明する要部拡大断面図。
FIG. 2 is an enlarged sectional view of an essential part for explaining a mounting state of a heat insulating roof panel by a connecting tool in the roof structure of FIG.

【図3】図1の屋根構造で通気口を形成するために断熱
屋根パネルに設けた各種空洞部の実施例を示す要部拡大
斜視図。
FIG. 3 is an enlarged perspective view of an essential part showing an example of various cavities provided in a heat insulating roof panel for forming a vent in the roof structure of FIG. 1.

【図4】図1の屋根構造における隣接する断熱屋根パネ
ルの接合状態を示す縦断面図。
FIG. 4 is a vertical cross-sectional view showing a joined state of adjacent heat insulating roof panels in the roof structure of FIG.

【図5】本発明の第2実施例による断熱屋根パネルと同
パネルを用いた屋根構造を示す要部斜視図。
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a main part showing a heat insulating roof panel according to a second embodiment of the present invention and a roof structure using the panel.

【図6】図5の屋根構造における要部拡大平面図。FIG. 6 is an enlarged plan view of a main part of the roof structure shown in FIG.

【図7】本発明の屋根構造を実施した木造建物の屋根部
分の縦断面図。
FIG. 7 is a vertical cross-sectional view of a roof portion of a wooden building in which the roof structure of the present invention is implemented.

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

1,1A,1B,16 断熱屋根パネル 2,22 もや 3 連結具 4,4A,4B,4C,4D,4E,17 上部下地パ
ネル 5,18 下部下地パネル 4a,5a 通孔 6,6A,6B,6C,6D,6E,19 断熱材 7,23 固着手段 8,12,20 連通口 8A,8B,8C,8D,8E 空洞部 9 突起片 10,25 シート状防水材 11 接着シート 13 ボルト 14 ナット 15 ずれ防止具 21 たる木材 24 棟木 26 屋根葺き材 27 峰換気口
1, 1A, 1B, 16 Insulated roof panel 2, 22 Haze 3 Connector 4, 4A, 4B, 4C, 4D, 4E, 17 Upper base panel 5, 18 Lower base panel 4a, 5a Through hole 6, 6A, 6B , 6C, 6D, 6E, 19 Heat insulating material 7,23 Fixing means 8, 12, 20 Communication port 8A, 8B, 8C, 8D, 8E Cavity part 9 Projection piece 10, 25 Sheet-like waterproof material 11 Adhesive sheet 13 Bolt 14 Nut 15 Anti-displacement tool 21 Timber wood 24 Purlin 26 Roofing material 27 Peak ventilation openings

Claims (7)

【特許請求の範囲】[Claims] 【請求項1】 上下に配設した二枚の下地パネルの間に
断熱材を装着して一体に形成され、上部下地パネルの近
傍には梁間方向に沿って通気口を形成するための空隙部
を設けたことを特徴とする断熱屋根パネル。
1. A void for integrally forming a heat insulating material between two upper and lower base panels and forming a vent along the beam direction in the vicinity of the upper base panel. A heat-insulating roof panel characterized by being provided with.
【請求項2】 上記空洞部が、上記断熱材の上面に形成
された凹凸面の凹溝と、その上面に装着された上部下地
パネルの間に形成される請求項1に記載した断熱屋根パ
ネル。
2. The heat insulating roof panel according to claim 1, wherein the cavity is formed between an uneven groove formed on the upper surface of the heat insulating material and an upper base panel mounted on the upper surface. .
【請求項3】 上記空洞部が、上記上部下地パネルの上
面に形成された凹凸面の凹溝と、その上面に張設される
シート状防水材の間に形成される請求項1に記載した断
熱屋根パネル。
3. The method according to claim 1, wherein the hollow portion is formed between a concave groove of an uneven surface formed on the upper surface of the upper base panel and a sheet-like waterproof material stretched on the upper surface. Insulated roof panel.
【請求項4】 上記空洞部が、上記上部下地パネル内に
上下端部を貫通する態様で穿設した連通孔によって形成
される請求項1に記載した断熱屋根パネル。
4. The heat insulating roof panel according to claim 1, wherein the hollow portion is formed by a communication hole formed in the upper base panel so as to penetrate upper and lower end portions thereof.
【請求項5】 桁行き方向に沿って架設された横架材上
に、上記請求項1〜4のいずれかに記載した屋根パネル
を並列状に載置させ、この屋根パネルは連結具を介して
横架材に連結すると共に、上記空洞部の上端側を屋根の
棟に設けた換気口に連通させたことを特徴とする屋根構
造。
5. The roof panel according to any one of claims 1 to 4 is placed in parallel on a horizontal member installed along the direction of the girder, and the roof panel is connected via a connecting tool. The roof structure is characterized in that the upper end side of the hollow portion is connected to a ventilation port provided in a roof ridge while being connected to a horizontal member.
【請求項6】上記連結具は、一端側を上部下地パネルの
上面に連結して当該上部下地パネルと断熱材及び下部下
地パネルを貫通させ、他端側を横架材に連結させた請求
項5に記載した屋根構造。
6. The connecting tool has one end connected to an upper surface of an upper base panel to penetrate the upper base panel, the heat insulating material and the lower base panel, and the other end connected to a horizontal member. The roof structure described in 5.
【請求項7】 上部下地パネルの横幅を広くして断熱材
及び下部下地パネルの両端部から突設させた上記請求項
1〜4のいずれかに記載した屋根パネルを用い、桁行き
方向に沿って架設された横架材上に梁間方向に沿ってた
る木が連結された主体構造に対し、断熱材及び下部下地
パネルを隣接したたる木の間に収容させた状態で、上部
下地材の両端が隣接したたる木上に架設する態様で載置
させ、この屋根パネルは固着手段を介してたる木に連結
すると共に、上記空洞部の上端側を屋根の棟に設けた換
気口に連通させたことを特徴とする屋根構造。
7. The roof panel according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the width of the upper base panel is widened to project from both ends of the heat insulating material and the lower base panel. In contrast to the main structure in which rafters are connected along the beam direction on a horizontal bridge that is erected, the heat insulating material and the lower base panel are housed between the adjacent rafters, and both ends of the upper base are adjacent to each other. A roof characterized in that the roof panel is placed in a manner of being erected above, the roof panel is connected to a rafter tree through a fixing means, and the upper end side of the hollow portion is communicated with a ventilation port provided in a roof ridge. Construction.
JP7104765A 1995-04-05 1995-04-05 Heat insulated roof panel and roof structure Pending JPH08277597A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP7104765A JPH08277597A (en) 1995-04-05 1995-04-05 Heat insulated roof panel and roof structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP7104765A JPH08277597A (en) 1995-04-05 1995-04-05 Heat insulated roof panel and roof structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH08277597A true JPH08277597A (en) 1996-10-22

Family

ID=14389582

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP7104765A Pending JPH08277597A (en) 1995-04-05 1995-04-05 Heat insulated roof panel and roof structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH08277597A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002242325A (en) * 2001-02-21 2002-08-28 Sumitomo Forestry Co Ltd Heat-insulating structure of roof frame
CN110827662A (en) * 2019-10-24 2020-02-21 绿城房地产集团有限公司 Door head for entering door

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002242325A (en) * 2001-02-21 2002-08-28 Sumitomo Forestry Co Ltd Heat-insulating structure of roof frame
CN110827662A (en) * 2019-10-24 2020-02-21 绿城房地产集团有限公司 Door head for entering door

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