JPH07180333A - Installation structure for flooring material - Google Patents

Installation structure for flooring material

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Publication number
JPH07180333A
JPH07180333A JP32815093A JP32815093A JPH07180333A JP H07180333 A JPH07180333 A JP H07180333A JP 32815093 A JP32815093 A JP 32815093A JP 32815093 A JP32815093 A JP 32815093A JP H07180333 A JPH07180333 A JP H07180333A
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JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
flooring
root
portion
formed
provided
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP32815093A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP3363976B2 (en
Inventor
Kenji Ogawa
健治 小川
Original Assignee
Misawa Homes Co Ltd
ミサワホーム株式会社
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Misawa Homes Co Ltd, ミサワホーム株式会社 filed Critical Misawa Homes Co Ltd
Priority to JP32815093A priority Critical patent/JP3363976B2/en
Publication of JPH07180333A publication Critical patent/JPH07180333A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP3363976B2 publication Critical patent/JP3363976B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/18Separately-laid insulating layers; Other additional insulating measures; Floating floors
    • E04F15/181Insulating layers integrally formed with the flooring or the flooring elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02005Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips
    • E04F15/02033Joints with beveled or recessed upper edges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0153Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by rotating the sheets, plates or panels around an axis which is parallel to the abutting edges, possibly combined with a sliding movement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2203/00Specially structured or shaped covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for
    • E04F2203/04Specially structured or shaped covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for comprising a plurality of internal elongated cavities arranged in substantially parallel rows
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2290/00Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for
    • E04F2290/04Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire
    • E04F2290/041Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire against noise
    • E04F2290/042Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire against noise with a facing or top layer for sound insulation
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2290/00Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for
    • E04F2290/04Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire
    • E04F2290/041Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire against noise
    • E04F2290/043Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire against noise with a bottom layer for sound insulation

Abstract

PURPOSE: To provide an installation structure for flooring materials that are suitable for production executed in factories and capable of ensuring satisfactory workability while being available for ensuring sound insulation and fine touches and elasticity for foot.
CONSTITUTION: A flooring material 10 is equipped with cavities 50, a tongue 20, a groove 30 and a cushioning layer 40, and is formed by extrusion molding into a monolithic shape. The upper engaging piece 11 of the groove 30 has a downward-looking engaging piece 12, and the lower engaging piece 13 of the groove has an upward-looking engaging pioece 14. The tongue 20 is equipped with an insertion projection 22 that has a front projection 24 at its tip. A base recess 26 is provided to the lower part near the root of the tongue 20 and furthermore, a base engaging piece 27 is provided. A flooring material surface fastener 7 is provided to the underside of the cushioning layer 40 for engagement with a backing material surface fastener 6 provided to a floor backing material 5.
COPYRIGHT: (C)1995,JPO

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【産業上の利用分野】この発明は、床材の施工構造、さらに詳しくは、歩行時の弾力性や感触、遮音性に優れ、 FIELD OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a construction structure of the floor material, and more particularly, excellent walking at the time of the elasticity and feel, sound insulation,
施工性の良い床材の施工構造に関するものである。 It relates construction structure construction with good flooring.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】従来の床材の施工構造に用いられる床材としては、例えば、実公平3−26837号に示されるものがあった。 The flooring material used in construction structure of a conventional flooring, for example, there is one shown in real fair No. 3-26837. すなわち、その床材は、床材の幅方向両端にそれぞれ雄ざね部、及び雌ざね部を有し、また、化粧材を有する人造石材として適宜な材料を用い、かつ、 That is, the flooring, the male seat roots each widthwise end of the floor material, and has a female seat roots, also, using appropriate materials as artificial stone having a decorative material, and,
この人造石材と木質板との積層体とすることにより、断熱性、施工性に優れ、しかも、木製床材と組み合せ使用しても、歩行時の弾力性や感触に違和感がないとして形成されたものであった。 By a laminate of this artificial stone and wood board, thermal insulation, excellent workability, moreover, also be used combined with wood flooring, which is formed as there is no discomfort elasticity and feeling during walking It was those.

【0003】また、他の従来の技術として、床材敷設の簡略化を図った特開平3−17245号に示される技術にあっては、一辺に複数の第1の凸部と凹部とを設けて対向辺に係合用の第2の凹部と凸部とを設け、他の辺の突出部の対向する上下面に各々第1、第2の面ファスナを設けることにより、床材敷設の簡略化を図ったものである。 [0003] As a technique other conventional, in the technique shown in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 3-17245 which aimed to simplify the flooring laid, providing a plurality of first protrusions and recesses on one side by providing the second concave portion and the convex portion for engaging the opposing side, providing respectively first, second fastener on the top and bottom surfaces of opposing protrusions other sides Te, simplifying the flooring laid those that tried to.

【0004】 [0004]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかしながら、このような従来の床材の施工構造にあっては、次にような問題点があった。 [SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION However, in the construction structure of the conventional flooring, was then such problems. すなわち、実公平3−26837号に示される技術にあっては、化粧材を有する人造石材と木質板との積層体として形成したことにより、歩行時の弾力性や感触に違和感がないという利点を有するものの、施工は従来のように、雄ざね部と雌ざね部との当接部分に釘打ち若しくは接着等により固定を行っていたため、必ずしも施工性が良いものではなかった。 That is, in the technique shown in real fair No. 3-26837, by forming a laminate of the artificial stone and wood board having a decorative material, the advantage that there is no discomfort to the elasticity and feeling during walking although having, construction is as in the prior art, because it was subjected to fixed by nailing or adhering or the like to the contact portion between Yuza root and the female seat in roots and not always good workability.

【0005】また、特開平3−172451号に示される技術にあっては、面ファスナを設ける部分の形状が複雑であるため、かかる床材自体の製作が容易ではなく、 [0005] Further, in the technique shown in JP-A-3-172451, since the shape of the portion providing the surface fastener is complicated, it is not easy to manufacture such flooring itself,
今日の工業化生産に不向きであるという欠点があった。 There is a drawback that it is unsuitable for industrial production of today.
また、床材同士の接続は、かかる面ファスナを用いることにより、比較的容易となるものの、床材と床下地材との固定は、従来用いられてきた接着等によらざるを得ず、施工作業全体にあっては、必ずしも迅速性を担保できるものではなかった。 The connection of flooring each other, by using such a surface fastener, although the relatively easy fixing of the flooring and the underfloor member is forced to not give regard to adhesion or the like which have been used conventionally, construction in the whole work, it was not always able to ensure the rapidity.

【0006】そこで、本発明は、上記問題点を解決するためになされたものである。 [0006] The present invention has been made to solve the above problems. すなわち、本発明の目的は、床材同士及び床材と床下地材との施工性を良くするとともに、歩行時の弾力性や感触、遮音性を確保でき、 An object of the present invention is to improve the workability of the flooring and between flooring and the underfloor member, elasticity and feeling during walking, can be ensured sound insulation,
さらに、工業化生産に適するような床材の施工構造を提供することにある。 Further, to provide a construction structure of the flooring as are suited to industrial production.

【0007】 [0007]

【課題を解決するための手段】上記課題を解決するため、請求項1記載の発明に係る床材の施工構造は、建物の床面を形成するために床下地材(5)の上面に互いに隣接させて配設した床材(10)の施工構造であって、その床材(10)は帯板状に形成されるとともにその長手方向に中空部(50)を備えて形成され、床材(10)の幅方向の一方側の端部には、隣接した他の床材(10)と係合させるために床材(10)の幅方向に突出した雄ざね部(20)を備え、床材 In order to solve the above problems SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION, construction structures flooring according to a first aspect of the present invention, together to form a floor of a building on the upper surface of the underfloor member (5) a construction structure floor material in which arranged to be adjacent (10), the flooring (10) is formed with a hollow portion in the longitudinal direction is formed into a band plate (50), flooring the end of one side in the width direction (10), comprising a male seat root portion projecting in the width direction of the flooring to engage with adjacent other flooring (10) (10) (20), flooring
(10)の幅方向の他方側の端部には、隣接した他の床材(1 At the end of the width direction of the other side of (10), other flooring adjacent (1
0)の前記雄ざね部(20)に係合させるために床材(10)の幅方向に凹陥した雌ざね部(30)を備え、さらに床材(10)の下面にはクッション層(40)を備えるように、床材(10)全体を押出成形によって一体に形成し、前記クッション層 With said female seat root portion recessed in the widthwise direction of the flooring to engage the male seat root (20) (10) 0) (30), further cushioning layer on the lower surface of the floor member (10) (40 ) as comprising a, the entire flooring (10) is formed integrally by extrusion molding, the cushion layer
(40)の下面には、床下地材(5)に設けた下地材用面ファスナ(6)と係合可能な床材用面ファスナ(7)を備えて形成したことを特徴とする。 (40) on the lower surface of, characterized by being formed with a underfloor member (5) base material for a surface fastener provided on the (6) and engageable with flooring surface fastener (7).

【0008】また、請求項2記載の発明に係る床材の施工構造は、請求項1記載の発明に係る床材の施工構造の構成要件を全て含むほか、床材(10)の内部に遮音層(60) Further, construction structures flooring according to the invention of claim 2, wherein, in addition to including all the constituent elements of the construction structure of flooring according to the invention of claim 1, wherein, sound insulation inside the flooring (10) layer (60)
を備えて形成したことを特徴とする。 Characterized by being formed with. 請求項3記載の発明に係る床材の施工構造は、請求項1または請求項2記載の発明に係る床材の施工構造の構成要件を全て含むほか、床材(10)は、雌ざね部(30)の上部を上係合片(11)とするとともに雌ざね部(30)の下部を下係合片(13)とし、 Construction structure floor material according to an invention of claim 3, wherein, in addition to including all the constituent elements of the construction structure of flooring according to the invention of claim 1 or claim 2 wherein, flooring (10), the female seat root a female seat root with the upper engagement piece (11) the upper (30) under engagement pieces at the bottom of (30) (13),
上係合片(11)の雌ざね部(30)入口付近には下方に突設させた下向き係合部(12)を備え、下係合片(13)は上係合片 Female seat root of Uegakarigohen (11) (30) downward engaging portion in the vicinity of the inlet is protruded downward with a (12), the lower engaging piece (13) is Uegakarigohen
(11)よりも床材(10)の幅方向の外方に突出するように形成されるとともに、下係合片(13)の先端部には上方に突設させた上向き係合部(14)を備え、雄ざね部(20)は床材 While being formed so as to protrude outward in the width direction of the flooring (10) than (11), the upward engaging portion on the tip portion of the lower engagement piece (13) is projected upward (14 ) equipped with, Yuza root portion (20) floor coverings
(10)の幅方向の外方に突設させた挿入突設片(22)を備え、その挿入突設片(22)は雄ざね部(20)を隣接する床材 Inserting projecting piece is projected outward in the width direction of (10) with (22), flooring the insertion projecting portions (22) adjacent Yuza roots (20)
(10)の雌ざね部(30)に挿入した場合に、雌ざね部(30)の奥付近まで挿入でき、かつ、この挿入突設片(22)の先端部には床材(10)の上係合片(11)に形成された下向き係合部(12)と係合するような先端突起部(24)を形成し、雄ざね部(20)の根元付近の下方には床材(10)の幅方向内方に切り欠いたような根元凹み部(26)を設け、かつ、この根元凹み部(26)の奥方向上面には隣接する床材(10)の下係合片(13)の上向き係合部(14)と係合可能な根元係合部(2 When inserted into the female seat root of (10) (30) can be inserted up to the vicinity of the back of the female seat root (30), and the insertion projecting piece (22) Flooring the tip (10) forming a downward engaging portion formed on Uegakarigohen (11) (12) and the projecting end portion to engage the (24), below the base near Yuza root (20) flooring ( root recess as notched inward in the width direction of 10) and (26) is provided, and the lower engaging pieces of the root recesses flooring adjacent the deeper improving surface (26) (10) ( upward engaging portion 13) (14) and engageable root engagement portion (2
7)を形成したことを特徴とする。 Characterized in that the formation of the 7).

【0009】また、請求項4記載の発明に係る床材の施工構造は、請求項1、請求項2または請求項3記載の発明に係る床材の施工構造の構成要件を全て含むほか、床材(10)は、セルロース系材料の微粉末の表面にこの微粉末よりも小径で、かつ、硬い微粉末を担持させて作成した粉体を混合した樹脂を着色成形することによって木目模様を呈するように形成したことを特徴とする。 Furthermore, construction structures flooring according to a fourth aspect of the invention, claim 1, in addition to including all the constituent elements of the construction structure of flooring according to the invention of claim 2 or claim 3, wherein the floor material (10) exhibits a grain pattern by a smaller diameter than the fine powder to the surface of the fine powder of cellulosic material, and, by supporting a hard fine powder colored molded resin obtained by mixing a powder that was created characterized by being formed like.

【0010】 [0010]

【作用】請求項1記載の発明に係る床材の施工構造は、 [Action] construction structure flooring according to a first aspect of the present invention,
以下のように組み立てられ、以下のような作用を奏する。 Assembled as follows, it exhibits the following functions. すなわち、先ず、床下地材(5)に下地材用面ファスナ(6)を予め設けておく。 That is, first, provided in advance a base material for a surface fastener (6) in the underfloor member (5). 続いて、この床下地材(5)に設けた下地材用面ファスナ(6)に対して、床材(10)の床材用面ファスナ(7)を係合させながら床材(10)を載置固定していくものである。 Then, with respect to the underfloor member (5) to provided a base material for a surface fastener (6), while engaging the flooring surface fastener (7) of the floor member (10) Flooring (10) it is intended to continue to mounted and fixed.

【0011】続いて、この床下地材(5)に載置された床材(10)の雌ざね部(30)に対して、隣接させるべき他の床材(10)の雄ざね部(20)を係合させることによって、床材 [0011] Then, with respect to the female seat root of the underfloor member (5) placed on the flooring (10) (30), the male seat root of another floor board to be adjacent (10) (20 ) by engaging the flooring
(10)同士をお互いに隣接させ配設するものである。 (10) is intended to arrange to be adjacent to each other to each other. このように組み立てられた床材の施工構造にあっては、床材 In the construction structure of the assembled flooring flooring
(10)の下面にクッション層(40)を備えているため、歩行時において、適宜の弾力性を担保することができるとともに、床下地材(5)の多少の凹凸をもクッション層(40) Due to the provision of the lower surface (10) Cushion layer (40), at the time of walking, it is possible to ensure an appropriate resilient, cushioning layer also some unevenness of the underfloor member (5) (40)
にて吸収することができる。 It can be absorbed by. そしてさらに、床材(10)に設けた床材用面ファスナ(7)及び床下地材(5)に設けた下地材用面ファスナ(6)によっても、かかる弾力性を担保することができるものである。 And further, flooring surfaces fasteners (7) provided on the flooring (10) and by the underfloor member base material for a surface fastener provided on the (5) (6), which can be secured such elasticity it is.

【0012】請求項2記載の発明に係る床材の施工構造によれば、請求項1記載の発明が奏する作用を奏するほか、床材の内部に遮音層(60)を備えて形成したため、さらなる遮音性能を担保することができる。 According to the construction structure of flooring according to the invention of claim 2, wherein, in addition to performing an operation achieved by the invention described in claim 1, since the formed with sound insulation layer on the inside of the flooring (60), further it is possible to ensure the sound insulation performance. また、請求項3記載の発明に係る床材の施工構造によれば、請求項1 Further, according to the construction structure of flooring according to the third aspect of the invention, claim 1
または請求項2記載の発明が奏する作用を奏するほか、 Or in addition to performing an operation invention exhibited according to claim 2,
床材(10)の雄ざね部(20)に設けられた上係合片(11)の下向き係合部(12)と、下係合片(13)の上向き係合部(14)とによって、他の隣接させるべき床材(10)の雄ざね部(20) Upper engagement piece provided in the male seat root (20) of the floor member (10) downward engaging portion (11) and (12), the upward engaging portion of the lower engaging piece (13) and (14) by male seat root of the other floor board to be adjacent (10) (20)
の先端突起部(24)とが係合することによって、確実な係合を担保することができる。 By the projecting end portions and (24) is engaged, it is possible to ensure reliable engagement. さらに、雄ざね部(20)の根元凹み部(26)に設けた根元係合部(27)と、前記雌ざね部 Furthermore, Yuza root root engaging portion provided on the base recess (26) in (20) and (27), said female seat root
(30)の下係合片(13)の上向き係合部(14)とが係合することによっても係合の確実性を担保することができるものである。 (30) an upward engaging portion of the lower engagement piece (13) of (14) and is intended to be able to ensure the reliability of the engagement by the engagement.

【0013】請求項4記載の発明に係る床材の施工構造によれば、請求項1、請求項2または請求項3記載の発明が奏する作用を奏するほか、木質感を醸し出すことができる。 According to the construction structure of flooring according to the invention of claim 4, claim 1, in addition to performing an operation invention exhibited according to claim 2 or claim 3, wherein, it is possible to strike a wood texture.

【0014】 [0014]

【実施例】本実施例は、建物の床面を形成するために、 Example This example, in order to form a floor of a building,
床下地材5の上面に互いに隣接させて配設した床材10 Flooring 10 which is disposed by adjacent each other on the upper surface of the underfloor member 5
の施工構造であり、請求項4記載の発明に対応するものである。 A construction structure, which corresponds to the invention of claim 4, wherein. 以下、本発明の一実施例を図1乃至図5に基づいて説明する。 Hereinafter, an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 1 to 5. ここで、図1は、本実施例に係る床材を示した断面図である。 Here, FIG. 1 is a sectional view showing a floor material of the present embodiment. 図2は、本実施例に係る床材同士を接続する場合において、床材の雌ざね部に他の床材の雄ざね部を挿入する場合を示した断面図である。 Figure 2, in case of connecting the flooring together according to the present embodiment is a cross-sectional view showing a case of inserting the male seat root of the other flooring in the female seat root of flooring. また、 Also,
図3は、本実施例に係る床材同士の接合後の状態を示す断面図である。 Figure 3 is a sectional view showing a state after bonding of flooring together according to the present embodiment. 図4は、実施例に係る床材のバリエーションを示すものである。 Figure 4 shows a variation of the flooring according to the embodiment. 図5は、本実施例に係る床材の組み立て状態を示した斜視図である。 Figure 5 is a perspective view showing an assembled state of the flooring according to the present embodiment.

【0015】その床材10は、帯板状に形成されるとともに、その長手方向に複数の中空部50を備えて形成されている。 [0015] The flooring 10 is formed in a strip shape, and is formed with a plurality of hollow portions 50 in the longitudinal direction. 床材10の幅方向の一方側の端部には、隣接した他の床材10と係合させるために、床材10の幅方向に突出させた雄ざね部20を備えている。 On one side of the end portion in the width direction of the flooring 10, for engagement with other flooring 10 adjacent, and a Yuza root 20 which projects in the width direction of the flooring 10. また、床材10の幅方向の他方側の端部には、隣接した他の床材1 Further, the ends on the other side in the width direction of the floor material 10, other flooring adjacent 1
0の前記雄ざね部20に係合させるために、床材10の幅方向に凹陥するように雌ざね部30を形成してある。 To engage with the male seat root 20 of 0, it is formed a female seat root 30 to recessed in the width direction of the flooring 10.

【0016】かかる雌ざね部30と雄ざね部20とについてさらに詳しく説明する。 [0016] to take female seat root portion 30 and the Yuza root portion 20 will be described in further detail. 床材10は、雌ざね部30 Floor material 10, female seat root section 30
の上部を上係合片11とし、雌ざね部30の下部を下係合片13としてある。 The upper and upper engaging pieces 11, there at the bottom of the female seat root 30 as the lower engaging pieces 13. この下係合片13は、上係合片1 The lower engagement pieces 13, Uegakarigohen 1
1よりも床材10の幅方向の外方に突出するように形成されている。 It is formed so as to protrude outward in the width direction of the floor member 10 than 1. その上係合片11の先端部、すなわち雌ざね部30の入口付近には、下方に突設させた下向き係合部12を備えている。 The distal end of the upper engaging pieces 11, that is, near the entrance of the female seat root 30, and a downward engaging portion 12 is projected downward. 下係合片13の先端部には、上方に突設させた上向き係合部14を備えている。 The distal end portion of the lower engaging pieces 13, and an upward engaging portion 14 which is projected upward.

【0017】また、雄ざね部20は、床材10の幅方向の外方に突設させた挿入突設片22を備えている。 Further, Yuza root 20 includes an insert projecting piece 22 is projected outward in the width direction of the flooring 10. その挿入突設片22は、雄ざね部20を隣接する床材10の雌ざね部30に挿入した場合に、雌ざね部30の奥付近まで挿入できるように形成されている。 The insertion projecting portions 22, when inserted into the female seat root 30 of flooring 10 adjacent the Yuza root 20, and is formed so as to be inserted to the vicinity of the back of the female seat root 30. この挿入突設片22の先端部には、床材10の上係合片11に形成された下向き係合部12と係合するような先端突起部24を形成してある。 The distal end of the insertion projecting piece 22, is formed with the projecting end portions 24 to engage with the downward engaging portion 12 formed on the upper engaging pieces 11 of the floor member 10.

【0018】また、雄ざね部20の根元付近の下方には、床材10の幅方向内方に切り欠いたような根元凹み部26を設け、かつ、この根元凹み部26の奥方向上面には、床材10の下係合片13の上向き係合部14と係合可能な根元係合部27を形成してある。 [0018] Below the vicinity of the root of Yuza root 20, the root recess 26 as cut out inward in the width direction of the flooring 10 is provided, and, on the deeper improving surface of the root recess 26 It is is formed with an upward engaging portion 14 engageable with the base engaging portion 27 of the lower engaging piece 13 of the floor member 10. またさらに、 Furthermore,
床材10の下面には、クッション層40を備えるように形成してある。 The lower surface of the flooring 10, is formed to include a cushion layer 40. そのクッション層40は、スチレンによって形成され、その発泡倍率を変えることにより、その弾力性を適宜変えることができるように形成されている。 As the cushion layer 40 is formed by styrene, by changing the expansion ratio, and is formed so as to be able to alter its elasticity appropriately.

【0019】このように上記各部材を備えた床材10 The flooring 10 having the thus each member
は、全体を押出成形によって一体に形成されている。 It is formed integrally by extrusion molding the whole. ここで、その床材10は、セルロース系材料の微粉末の表面に、この微粉末よりも小径で、かつ、硬い微粉末を担持させて作製した粉体を混合した樹脂を着色成形することによって、木目模様を呈するように形成してある。 Here, the floor material 10, the surface of the fine powder of cellulosic material, a smaller diameter than the fine powder, and, by coloring molded hard fine powder was mixed with powder prepared by supporting the resin , it is formed so as to exhibit a grain pattern. また、クッション層40の下面には、床下地材5に設けた後述する下地材用面ファスナ6と、係合可能な床材用面ファスナ7を備えて形成してある。 Further, on the lower surface of the cushion layer 40, a base material for a surface fastener 6 to be described later provided in the underfloor member 5, it is formed with engageable flooring surface fastener 7. この床材用面ファスナ7は、両面テープ若しくは接着剤によりクッション層40の下面に貼付されている。 The flooring surface fastener 7 is attached to the lower surface of the cushion layer 40 by means of a double-sided tape or glue.

【0020】なお、床下地材5の上面には、上記床材用面ファスナ7と係合可能な帯状の下地材用面ファスナ6 [0020] Note that the upper surface of the underfloor member 5, the base material for a surface of the belt-like engageable with the flooring surface fastener 7 fastener 6
を適宜間隔にて固定してある。 It is fixed at appropriate intervals. すなわち、この下地材用面ファスナ6の裏面には予め両面テープが貼付され、この両面テープと一体となった下地材用面ファスナ6が床下地材5に貼付されているものである。 That is, the pre-sided tape on the back surface of the base material for a surface fastener 6 is attached, the base material for a surface fastener 6 integrated with the double-sided tape in which is affixed to the underfloor member 5. 次に、本実施例に係る床材の施工構造の組み立て、及び作用について図示例に従って説明する。 Next, a description of assembly of the construction structure of flooring according to the present embodiment, and the operation according to the illustrated example.

【0021】先ず、組み立て手順について説明する。 [0021] First, an explanation will be given of the assembly procedure. 図5に示したように、床面の下地を形成する床下地材5の上面に、帯状の下地材用面ファスナ6を適宜間隔にて固定する。 As shown in FIG. 5, the upper surface of the underfloor member 5 to form the underlying floor surface, for fixing a strip-shaped base material for a surface fastener 6 at appropriate intervals. さらに詳しくは、この下地材用面ファスナ6の裏面には、予め両面テープ等が貼付され、この両面テープと一体となった下地材用面ファスナ6を床下地材5に貼付することによって、下地材用面ファスナ6を床下地材5に固定することができるものである。 More particularly, on the rear surface of the base material for a surface fastener 6, previously double-sided tape or the like is attached, by attaching a double-sided tape and the base material for a surface fastener 6 is integral to the underfloor member 5, the base it is capable of fixing the wood surfaces fastener 6 in underfloor member 5.

【0022】このように、床下地材5に貼付された下地材用面ファスナ6に対し、部屋の隅から先ず床材10を載置する。 [0022] Thus, with respect to the base material for a surface fastener 6, which is affixed to the underfloor member 5, first placed on the floor material 10 from the corner of the room. この載置に際しては、床材10の下面に設けられた床材用面ファスナ7を前記床下地材5に設けられた下地材用面ファスナ6に係合させることによって、床材10を床下地材5の上に敷設するものである。 During this placement is by engaging the flooring surface fastener 7 provided on the lower surface of the floor member 10 to the base material for a surface fastener 6 provided in the underfloor member 5, the flooring 10 underfloor it is intended to lay on top of the wood 5. このように、床下地材5に敷設された床材10に対して、図2 Thus, the floor material 10 laid on the underfloor member 5, FIG. 2
に示されるように、順次他の床材10を接続することによって床材10を敷設するものである。 As shown in, in which laying flooring 10 by sequentially connecting the other flooring 10.

【0023】すなわち、図2に示されるように、床下地材5に載置固定された床材10の雌ざね部30に対し、 [0023] That is, as shown in FIG. 2, with respect to the female seat root 30 of the mounting fixed flooring 10 in underfloor member 5,
他の床材10の雄ざね部20を挿入させ、接続するものである。 Injects the other male seat root 20 of the flooring 10, is intended to be connected. さらに詳しくは、床下地材5に載置固定された床材10の下向き係合部12及び上向き係合部14とで形成された雌ざね部30の開口入り口付近に、他の床材10の雄ざね部20の先端突起部24を斜め上方から挿入するとともに、床材10の雄ざね部20の先端突起部24を雌ざね部30の内方に挿入する。 More particularly, in the vicinity of the entrance of the female seat root 30 formed in a downward engaging portion 12 and the upward engagement portion 14 of the mounting fixed flooring 10 in underfloor member 5, other flooring 10 while inserting the projecting end portions 24 of Yuza root 20 obliquely from above, inserting the projecting end portions 24 of the male seat root 20 of flooring 10 inwardly of the female seat root 30.

【0024】そして、さらに、載置固定された床材10 [0024] and, further, it placed fixed flooring 10
に対して、挿入する側の床材10を下方に押しつけることによって、係る床材10の床材10同士の固定が完了するものである。 Respect, by pressing the flooring 10 on the side to be inserted downward is for flooring 10 between the fixed floor board 10 is completed according. この床材10同士の接続が完了した状態を示したものが図3である。 That the flooring 10 connected between showed the completed is FIG. このように、複数の床材10同士は、上記要領にて順次組み立てていくものである。 Thus, a plurality of flooring 10 between are those which are sequentially assembled in the manner.

【0025】次に、本実施例に係る作用について説明する。 Next, a description will be given of the operation according to the present embodiment. 上述したように、床材10に設けた床材用面ファスナ7と、床下地材5に設けた下地材用面ファスナ6を係合接続することにより、床材10を床下地材5に容易に敷設することができる。 As mentioned above, the flooring surface fastener 7 provided on the floor member 10, by a base material for a surface fastener 6 provided on the underfloor member 5 engages connection facilitates flooring 10 in the underfloor member 5 it can be laid on. また、床材10の床下地材5への敷設は、上記床材用面ファスナ7及び下地材用面ファスナ6を設けたことにより、係る床材用面ファスナ7及び下地材用面ファスナ6との係合によって容易に位置決めをすることができ、接着剤等も不要である。 The laying of the underfloor member 5 of the floor material 10, by providing the flooring surface fastener 7 and base material for a surface fastener 6, the flooring surface fastener 7 and base material for a surface fastener 6 according can be easily positioned by the engagement is unnecessary also adhesive. 従って、 Therefore,
施工の迅速化に寄与するものである。 Which contributes to expedite construction.

【0026】また、床材10に上記のような雄ざね部2 [0026] In addition, Yuza root section 2, such as the floor material 10 of the above
0及び雌ざね部30を備えたので、釘等の固定手段を設ける必要がなく、その固定の手間も省けるものである。 0 and so with a female seat root 30, it is unnecessary to provide a fixing means such as a nail, in which Habukeru also labor for its fixing.
また、床材10の下面にクッション層40を備えているので、歩行持におけるクッション性が良く、また、遮音性をも担保することができるものである。 Further, since the lower surface of the flooring 10 and a cushion layer 40 may cushioning properties in gait lifting, also those which can be ensured even a sound insulation. さらに、床材10は、押出成形により、一体に形成されているため、 Furthermore, since the flooring 10, by extrusion, it is integrally formed,
長手方向の長さを任意に調整することができ、種々の広さの部屋に敷設する場合に対応でき、工業化生産、すなわち、大量生産に適した部材として提供することができるものである。 Can be arbitrarily adjusted in the longitudinal direction of the length, can respond when laid in various size of the room, industrial production, i.e., those that can be provided as a member suitable for mass production.

【0027】また、このように、押出成形により形成されたものであるにも拘わらず、セルロース系材料の微粉末の表面に、この微粉末よりも小径で、かつ、硬い微粉末を担持させて作製した粉体を混合した樹脂を着色成形することによって、木目模様を呈するように形成されているため、木質感を醸し出すことができる。 Further, in this way, despite the one formed by extrusion molding, the surface of fine powders of cellulosic material, a smaller diameter than the fine powder, and, by supporting a hard fine powder by coloring molding a resin mixed with the prepared powder, because it is formed to exhibit a grain pattern, it is possible to strike a wood texture. 次に本実施例の奏する効果について、図示例に従って説明する。 Next effect for achieved by the present embodiment is described below with reference to illustrated examples.

【0028】上述したように、床材10の幅方向両端には、それぞれ雄ざね部20と雌ざね部30とを設けて形成したので、床材10を床下地材5に敷設するに際し、 [0028] As described above, when the widthwise end of the floor member 10, respectively so formed by providing a male seat root 20 and the female seat root 30, laying flooring 10 in underfloor member 5,
各々の接合が容易となる。 Each junction is facilitated. すなわち、床材10の雄ざね部20と、他の床材10の雌ざね部30とを係合するだけで床材10同士を係合できるため、釘若しくは接着剤等の他の固定手段を必要としないという効果がある。 That is, a male seat root 20 of the flooring 10, it is possible to engage the floor member 10 to each other simply by engaging the female seat root 30 of the other floor board 10, the other fixing means such as nails or adhesives there is an effect that it does not need.

【0029】また、床下地材5には下地材用面ファスナ6を設け、床材10には床材用面ファスナ7を設けてあるので、床材10を床下地材5に敷設する際には、それら下地材用面ファスナ6及び床材用面ファスナ7の係合により、床材10を床下地材5に簡易、かつ、迅速に敷設することができる。 Further, a base material for a surface fastener 6 is provided in the underfloor member 5, since the flooring 10 is provided with a flooring surface fastener 7, when laying the flooring 10 on the underfloor member 5 is by the engagement of their underlying material surfaces fasteners 6 and flooring surfaces fasteners 7, simplify the flooring 10 on the underfloor member 5, and can be rapidly laid. また、床材10には、クッション層40を一体に形成しているため、歩行時における弾力性を担保することができる。 Also, the floor material 10, since the formed integrally with the cushion layer 40, it is possible to ensure the resiliency during walking. さらに、この床材10に形成されたクッション層40によって床下地材5の多少の凹凸をも吸収でき、従って、床下地材5の施工精度を上げる必要がなくなるため、施工の迅速化が図れる。 Furthermore, this by flooring 10 cushion layer 40 formed on it can absorb some irregularities of underfloor member 5, therefore, since there is no need to increase the construction accuracy of the underfloor member 5, thereby the rapid construction.

【0030】さらに、床材10と床下地材5との間には、上記クッション層40によるクッション性のほか、 [0030] In addition, between the floor material 10 and the underfloor member 5, in addition to the cushion due to the cushion layer 40,
下地材用面ファスナ6及び床材用面ファスナ7のクッション性により歩行時の適宜の弾力性を担保できるとともに、遮音性をも高めることができるという効果がある。 It is possible to ensure appropriate elasticity when walking by cushioning property of the underlying material surfaces fasteners 6 and flooring surfaces fastener 7, there is an effect that can be enhanced sound insulation.
またさらに、床材10は、木目模様を呈するように形成してあるため、木質感を醸し出すことができるという効果がある。 Furthermore, the floor material 10, since that is formed so as to exhibit a grain pattern, there is an effect that it is possible to strike a wood texture.

【0031】続いて、本実施例のバリエーションを図4 [0031] Subsequently, FIG. 4 a variation of this embodiment
に基づいて説明する。 It will be described with reference to. 図4に示されるように、床材10 As shown in FIG. 4, flooring 10
の厚さ方向内部に遮音層60を備えて形成することができる。 It can be of the internal thickness direction formed with a sound insulating layer 60. さらに詳しくは、床材10に設けた中空部50の上部から床材10の表面との間に遮音層60をサンドイッチ状に形成したものである。 More particularly, in which the sound insulating layer 60 between the upper portion of the hollow portion 50 provided in the flooring 10 between the surface of the flooring 10 is formed in a sandwich. この遮音層60は、発泡系の塩化ビニールを床材10の押出成形時に同時に混入させて形成するものである。 The sound insulation layer 60 is formed by a PVC foaming system is mixed simultaneously during extrusion molding of the flooring 10.

【0032】これによって、上述した床材10に設けたクッション層40の遮音性とともに、さらに遮音効果を高めることができるものである。 [0032] Thus, with sound insulation of the cushion layer 40 provided on the floor member 10 described above, in which it is possible to further increase the sound insulation effect. なお、床材10に遮音層60を設けなければ、請求項1記載の発明の実施例を提供することとなる。 Incidentally, to be provided sound insulating layer 60 to the flooring 10, and thus to provide an embodiment of the first aspect of the present invention. また、上述した実施例にあっては、床材10をセルロース系材料の微粉末の表面に、この微粉末よりも小径で、かつ、硬い微粉末を担持させて作製した粉体を混合した樹脂を着色成形することによって、木目模様を呈するように形成するものとして説明したが、かかる材料にて形成しなければ、請求項1、請求項2または請求項3記載の発明の実施例を提供することとなる。 Further, in the embodiment described above, the surface of the fine powder of the flooring 10 cellulosic material, a smaller diameter than the fine powder, and were mixed to prepare by supporting a hard fine powder resin powder by coloring molding has been described as being formed to exhibit a grain pattern, to be formed in such materials to provide an embodiment of the present invention defined in claim 1, claim 2 or claim 3, wherein and thus.

【0033】また、床材10の雄ざね部20及び雌ざね部30の形状を技術的に限定しなければ、請求項1または請求項2記載の発明の実施例を提供することとなる。 Further, if limiting the shape of the male seat roots 20 and the female seat root 30 of flooring 10 technically, so that provides an example of the invention of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein.

【0034】 [0034]

【効果】請求項1乃至請求項4記載の発明によれば、床材同士及び床材と床下地材との施工性を良くするとともに、歩行時の弾力性や感触、遮音性を確保でき、さらに、工業化に適した床材の施工構造を提供することができる。 [Effect] According to the invention of claims 1 to 4, wherein, while improving the workability of the flooring and between flooring and the underfloor member, elasticity and feeling during walking, can be ensured sound insulation, Furthermore, it is possible to provide a construction structure flooring suitable for industrialization. 特に、請求項2記載の発明にあっては、床材の内部に遮音層を備えて形成したので、より遮音性能の高い床材の施工構造を提供することができる。 In particular, in the invention of claim 2, since the forms an internal sound insulation layer flooring, it is possible to provide a construction structure of the higher sound insulation floor coverings.

【0035】また、請求項3記載の発明にあっては、特に床材の雄ざね部及び雌ざね部の形状を限定することによって、さらなる係合の簡易化、確実化を達成することができるような床材の施工構造を提供することができる。 Further, in the third aspect of the present invention, in particular by limiting the shape of the male seat root and the female seat root of flooring, it is possible to achieve simplification of further engagement, the reliabilized construction structure flooring can provide such. さらに、請求項4記載の発明にあっては、床材を木目模様を呈するように形成したことにより、木質感を醸し出すことができるような床材の施工構造を提供することができる。 Further, in the fourth aspect of the present invention, by forming the flooring to exhibit grain pattern, it is possible to provide a construction structure of the flooring that can strike a wood texture.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】実施例に係る床材を示した断面図である。 1 is a cross-sectional view of a flooring according to the embodiment.

【図2】実施例に係る床材同士を接続する場合において、床材の雌ざね部に他の床材の雄ざね部を挿入する場合を示した断面図である。 [2] In case of connecting the flooring together according to the embodiment, a cross-sectional view showing a case of inserting the male seat root of the other flooring in the female seat root of flooring.

【図3】実施例に係る床材同士の接合後の状態を示す断面図である。 3 is a cross-sectional view showing a state after joining of flooring together according to the embodiment.

【図4】実施例に係る床材のバリエーションを示す断面図である。 4 is a sectional view showing a variation of a flooring according to the embodiment.

【図5】実施例に係る床材の組み立て状態を示した斜視図である。 5 is a perspective view showing an assembled state of the flooring according to the embodiment.

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

5 床下地材 6 下地材用面ファスナ 7 床材用面ファスナ 10 床材 11 上係合片 12 下向き係合部 13 下係合片 14 上向き係合部 20 雄ざね部 22 挿入突設片 24 先端突起部 26 根元凹み部 27 根元係合部 30 雌ざね部 40 クッション層 50 中空部 60 遮音層 5 underfloor member 6 base material for a surface fastener 7 flooring surfaces fastener 10 Flooring 11 Uegakarigohen 12 downward engaging portion 13 lower engagement piece 14 upward engaging portion 20 Yuza root 22 inserted projecting portions 24 tip projections 26 base recess 27 proximal engaging portions 30 female seat root 40 cushion layer 50 hollow portion 60 sound insulation layer

Claims (4)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 建物の床面を形成するために床下地材の上面に互いに隣接させて配設した床材の施工構造であって、その床材は帯板状に形成されるとともにその長手方向に中空部を備えて形成され、床材の幅方向の一方側の端部には、隣接した他の床材と係合させるために床材の幅方向に突出した雄ざね部を備え、床材の幅方向の他方側の端部には、隣接した他の床材の前記雄ざね部に係合させるために床材の幅方向に凹陥した雌ざね部を備え、 1. A construction structure floor material in which disposed to be adjacent to each other on the upper surface of the underfloor member to form the floor of the building, the longitudinal with its flooring is a strip-shaped formed with a hollow portion in a direction, on one side of the end portion in the width direction of the flooring is provided with a male seat root portion projecting to engage the other flooring adjacent in the width direction of the flooring, the end portion in the width direction of the other side of the flooring is provided with a female seat root portion recessed in the widthwise direction of the flooring to engage with the male seat root other flooring adjacent,
    さらに床材の下面にはクッション層を備えるように、床材全体を押出成形によって一体に形成し、前記クッション層の下面には、床下地材に設けた下地材用面ファスナと係合可能な床材用面ファスナを備えて形成したことを特徴とする床材の施工構造。 As further on the lower surface of the floor material comprises a cushion layer, the entire flooring formed integrally by extrusion molding, the lower surface of the cushion layer, which can be engaged with the base material for a surface fastener provided on the underfloor member construction structure flooring, characterized in that the formation comprises a flooring surface fastener.
  2. 【請求項2】 床材の内部に遮音層を備えて形成したことを特徴とする請求項1記載の床材の施工構造。 2. A construction structure floor material according to claim 1, wherein the forming comprises a sound insulation layer on the inside of the flooring.
  3. 【請求項3】 床材は、雌ざね部の上部を上係合片とするとともに雌ざね部の下部を下係合片とし、上係合片の雌ざね部入口付近には下方に突設させた下向き係合部を備え、下係合片は上係合片よりも床材の幅方向の外方に突出するように形成されるとともに、下係合片の先端部には上方に突設させた上向き係合部を備え、雄ざね部は床材の幅方向の外方に突設させた挿入突設片を備え、その挿入突設片は雄ざね部を隣接する床材の雌ざね部に挿入した場合に、雌ざね部の奥付近まで挿入でき、かつ、 3. A flooring, the lower portion of the female seat root and lower engagement pieces with the upper engagement piece top female seat root, in the vicinity of the female seat root inlet of the upper engaging piece projecting downward with a downward engaging portion is, collision with the lower engagement piece is formed so as to protrude outward in the width direction of the floor material than the upper engagement piece, upwards the distal end portion of the lower engaging piece includes an upward engaging portion is set, Yuza root includes an insert projecting piece is projected outward in the width direction of the flooring, female flooring the insertion projecting piece adjacent the Yuza root when inserted into the seat root, it can be inserted up to the vicinity of the back of the female seat roots, and,
    この挿入突設片の先端部には床材の上係合片に形成された下向き係合部と係合するような先端突起部を形成し、 The insert the distal end portion of the projecting piece to form a projecting end portion to engage with the downward engaging portion formed on the upper engaging pieces of flooring,
    雄ざね部の根元付近の下方には床材の幅方向内方に切り欠いたような根元凹み部を設け、かつ、この根元凹み部の奥方向上面には隣接する床材の下係合片の上向き係合部と係合可能な根元係合部を形成したことを特徴とする請求項1または請求項2記載の床材の施工構造。 Below the vicinity of the root of Yuza roots provided root recesses as notched inward in the width direction of the flooring and lower engagement pieces of adjacent flooring in deeper improving surface of the root recess construction structure floor material according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the forming an upward engaging portion engageable with the base-engaging portion of the.
  4. 【請求項4】 床材は、セルロース系材料の微粉末の表面にこの微粉末よりも小径で、かつ、硬い微粉末を担持させて作成した粉体を混合した樹脂を着色成形することによって木目模様を呈するように形成したことを特徴とする請求項1、請求項2または請求項3記載の床材の施工構造。 4. A flooring, wood grain by a smaller diameter than the fine powder to the surface of the fine powder of cellulosic material, and, by supporting a hard fine powder colored molded resin obtained by mixing a powder that was created claim 1, claim 2 or claim 3 construction structure flooring wherein the formed so as to exhibit a pattern.
JP32815093A 1993-12-24 1993-12-24 Construction structure of floor coverings Expired - Fee Related JP3363976B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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JPH07180333A true JPH07180333A (en) 1995-07-18
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