JPH06212742A - Longitudinal roofing roof structure - Google Patents

Longitudinal roofing roof structure

Info

Publication number
JPH06212742A
JPH06212742A JP2079593A JP2079593A JPH06212742A JP H06212742 A JPH06212742 A JP H06212742A JP 2079593 A JP2079593 A JP 2079593A JP 2079593 A JP2079593 A JP 2079593A JP H06212742 A JPH06212742 A JP H06212742A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
base material
roof
support member
roof structure
outer base
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP2079593A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPH083244B2 (en
Inventor
Gantan Funaki
元旦 舩木
Kazuyuki Nishizawa
和幸 西澤
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Gantan Beauty Industry Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Gantan Beauty Industry Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Gantan Beauty Industry Co Ltd filed Critical Gantan Beauty Industry Co Ltd
Priority to JP5020795A priority Critical patent/JPH083244B2/en
Publication of JPH06212742A publication Critical patent/JPH06212742A/en
Publication of JPH083244B2 publication Critical patent/JPH083244B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

PURPOSE:To form a steady longitudinal roofing roof including an air layer at a low cost and easily by applying existing roof plates and related parts. CONSTITUTION:In a roof structure where a longitudinal roofing roof plate 7 is roofed on the upper surface of a bed material laid on the roof foundation surface, an inner bed material 3 laid on the roof foundation surface and an outer bed material 5 installed in such a manner as to be located at least on the back side of the flat part of the roof plate 7 are provided as bed materials. The outer bed material 5 is supported through a support member 4 formed by a long material having a designated height, which is disposed along the direction of a main house on the inner bed material 3 to form an air layer 12 between the inner bed material 3 and the outer bed material 5. The support member 4 is provided with an opening part 10 for communicating the air layers 12 on the edge of eaves and ridge side with each other.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention

【0001】[0001]

【産業上の利用分野】この発明は屋根板の裏面側に空気
層を設けた縦葺き屋根構造に関するものである。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a vertically-roofed roof structure in which an air layer is provided on the back side of a roof plate.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術とその解決すべき課題】屋根裏の換気や太
陽熱エネルギによる蓄熱など建築物の屋根構造に求めら
れる機能の増加に対応すべく、屋根板直下あるいは屋根
下地の裏面に空気層を備えた屋根構造が提案されてい
る。このような空気層を有する屋根構造としては、実開
平2−89127号公報のものや実開昭49−8152
2号公報のものが知られている。
2. Description of the Related Art An air layer is provided directly under a roof plate or on the backside of a roof substrate to cope with the increase in functions required for the roof structure of buildings such as ventilation of the attic and storage of heat by solar heat energy. A roof structure has been proposed. As a roof structure having such an air layer, there is a roof structure disclosed in Japanese Utility Model Laid-Open No. 2-89127 and Japanese Utility Model Laid-Open No. 49-8152.
The one disclosed in Japanese Patent No. 2 is known.

【0003】しかしながら、実開平2−89127号公
報に示されるものでは、建築物の野地板と屋根板間に空
気層と断熱層とを形成するようにしているが、そのため
に専用の特殊形状を有する屋根板、断熱材及び空間形成
用の部材を用いており、言い換えるならば既存の縦葺き
屋根板等を利用して施工できないためコストが高くなっ
てしまうという問題がある。
However, in the one disclosed in Japanese Utility Model Laid-Open No. 2-89127, an air layer and a heat insulating layer are formed between the ground plate and the roof plate of a building, but for that purpose, a special special shape is used. Since the existing roofing board, heat insulating material and space forming member are used, in other words, there is a problem that the cost becomes high because the existing vertical roofing board or the like cannot be used for construction.

【0004】また、実開昭49−81522号公報に示
されるものでは屋根板と母屋材との間に木製垂木に相当
する補強材を介装して空間が設けられているが、このよ
うな構造によると空間上方にて屋根板の裏面全体を支持
する手段を持たないため、屋根面の強度要求に対応する
ためには補強材を図示したように狭い間隔で多数縦方向
に配設する必要があり、特に屋根板として広幅のものを
適用しようとするとさらに多数の補強材が必要となって
しまうために部品コストが高くなるのみならず施工にも
手間がかかるという欠点がある。
In Japanese Utility Model Application Laid-Open No. 49-81522, a space is provided between a roof plate and a main board by interposing a reinforcing material corresponding to a wooden rafter. According to the structure, since there is no means to support the entire back surface of the roof above the space, it is necessary to arrange a number of reinforcing materials in the vertical direction at narrow intervals as shown in order to meet the strength requirement of the roof surface. However, particularly when trying to apply a wide roof plate, a large number of reinforcing materials are required, so that there is a drawback that not only the cost of parts becomes high but also construction is troublesome.

【0005】[0005]

【目的】この発明は、このような従来技術の問題点に着
目してなされたもので、空気層を有する堅牢な縦葺き屋
根を、既存の屋根板及び関連部品を適用して低コストで
かつ容易に形成することができる縦葺き屋根構造を提供
することを目的としている。
[Purpose] The present invention has been made by paying attention to the problems of the prior art as described above. A robust vertical thatched roof having an air layer is applied to an existing roof panel and related parts at low cost and It is intended to provide a vertically-roofed roof structure that can be easily formed.

【0006】[0006]

【課題を解決するための手段とその作用】この発明に係
る縦葺き屋根構造は、屋根基礎面上に敷設した下地材の
上面に縦葺き屋根板を葺いた屋根構造において、前記下
地材として屋根基礎面上に敷設される内側下地材と、前
記屋根板の少なくとも平坦部裏面側に位置して取り付け
られる外側下地材とを設け、前記内側下地材上に母屋方
向に沿って配設した所定高さを有する長尺材からなる支
持部材を介して前記外側下地材を支持して内側下地材と
外側下地材との間に空気層を形成すると共に、この支持
部材にはその軒側と棟側の空気層を相互に連通する開口
部を設ける。
[Means for Solving the Problem and Its Action] A vertical roof structure according to the present invention is a roof structure in which a vertical roofing board is laid on the upper surface of a base material laid on a roof foundation surface. An inner base material laid on the foundation surface and an outer base material that is attached at least on the back surface side of the flat portion of the roof plate are provided, and a predetermined height is provided on the inner base material along the purlin direction. The outer base material is supported through a support member made of a long material having a height to form an air layer between the inner base material and the outer base material, and the support member has its eaves side and the ridge side. An opening is provided for communicating the air layers of each other.

【0007】上記構成によれば、内外の下地材の間に支
持部材を介装する構造とすることにより空気層を形成す
るようにしているので、既存の屋根板及び関連部品を適
用して施工に手間取ることなく容易に空気層を有する縦
葺き屋根を形成することができるとともに、部品及び施
工のコストが最小限に抑えられる。
According to the above construction, since the air layer is formed by the structure in which the supporting member is interposed between the inner and outer base materials, the existing roof plate and related parts are applied for construction. It is possible to easily form a thatched roof having an air layer without taking time and cost of parts and construction can be minimized.

【0008】また、空気層は通風・換気あるいは断熱用
として機能させることができるが、この空気層は母屋方
向のみならず支持部材に設けた開口部を介して軒棟方向
にも連通しているので、太陽熱エネルギ利用等に関わる
配管・配線を自由に行うことができる。
Further, the air layer can be made to function as ventilation, ventilation, or heat insulation, but this air layer communicates not only in the purlin direction but also in the eaves direction through the opening provided in the support member. Therefore, it is possible to freely perform piping and wiring relating to utilization of solar heat energy.

【0009】なお支持部材として、内側下地材に着座す
るフランジ部から側壁部を立ち上げると共に、該側壁部
の頂部に屋根板を支持する受部を、該受部よりも下方に
位置して外側下地材の端部を保持する段部をそれぞれ形
成したものを適用することにより、屋根板を外側下地材
を介さずに直接支持部材にて支持させることができるの
で屋根板の支持強度の点で有利となる。
As the support member, the side wall portion is raised from the flange portion seated on the inner base material, and the receiving portion for supporting the roof plate on the top portion of the side wall portion is positioned below the receiving portion to the outside. By applying the one that forms the step part that holds the edge of the base material, the roof plate can be directly supported by the support member without the outer base material, so that the support strength of the roof plate is reduced. Be advantageous.

【0010】また、支持部材として、その頂部の両端か
ら垂下した所定高さの側壁部の下端に内側下地材に着座
するフランジ部を形成した下部部材と、この下部部材に
上方から重合可能な形状を備え、前記下部部材頂部に重
合して屋根板を支持する受部の両端から垂下した側面部
に、前記フランジ部よりも所定高さだけ上方に位置して
外側下地材の端部を支持する棚部を形成した上部部材と
からなるものを適用するようにしてもよい。この支持部
材によれば上部と下部それぞれの部材の板厚を薄くして
軽量化及び材料の節約を図りつつ、重合構成により屋根
板を支持する受部での板厚を確保して固定ビス等に対す
る固定力を充分に確保することができる。また、下部部
材の側壁部の高さに応じて空気層の厚みを、上部部材の
側面部の高さに応じて外側下地材の厚さをそれぞれ選択
可能となり、さらにこれらの組み合わせに応じて多種類
の仕様を設定できるという高い多様性が得られる。
Further, as the supporting member, a lower member having a flange portion for seating on the inner base material is formed at the lower end of the side wall portion having a predetermined height hanging from both ends of the top portion, and a shape which can be superposed on the lower member from above. And a side part hanging from both ends of the receiving part that overlaps with the top part of the lower member and supports the roof plate, and is positioned a predetermined height above the flange part to support the end part of the outer base material. You may make it apply what consists of the upper member which formed the shelf part. According to this support member, the plate thickness of each of the upper and lower members is reduced to reduce the weight and save the material, and at the same time, the plate thickness is secured in the receiving portion for supporting the roof plate by the overlapping structure so that the fixing screws, etc. It is possible to secure a sufficient fixing force for the. In addition, the thickness of the air layer can be selected according to the height of the side wall of the lower member, and the thickness of the outer base material can be selected according to the height of the side of the upper member. It is highly versatile that you can set different specifications.

【0011】一方、支持部材の受部に、屋根板の有効幅
に対応する割付手段をその長手方向に沿って配設した構
成とすることにより、支持部材自体により屋根板の割付
けが可能となるので屋根の施工作業性が大幅に向上す
る。
On the other hand, by arranging the allocating means corresponding to the effective width of the roof plate along the longitudinal direction of the receiving portion of the supporting member, the roof plate can be allocated by the supporting member itself. Therefore, the workability of roof construction is greatly improved.

【0012】[0012]

【実施例】以下、この発明の実施例を図面に基づいて説
明する。
Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.

【0013】図1ないし図3において、1は屋根の基礎
をなすコンクリート下地層、2はコンクリート下地層1
の上に塗布された均しモルタル層、3はモルタル層2の
上に敷設された内側下地材、4は内側下地材3の上に配
設された支持部材、5は支持部材4を介して内側下地材
3の上に敷設された外側下地材、6は外側下地材5の上
に敷設されたアスファルトルーフィング等からなる2次
防水材、7は2次防水材6を挟んで外側下地材5の上に
葺かれた金属板状材料からなる縦葺き屋根板、8は屋根
板を固定する吊子、9は吊子8を含めて母屋方向に隣接
する複数の屋根板7の相互の接続部分を覆うカバー部材
を示している。
In FIG. 1 to FIG. 3, 1 is a concrete underlayer that forms the base of a roof, and 2 is a concrete underlayer 1.
A leveling mortar layer applied on top of the mortar layer, 3 is an inner base material laid on the mortar layer 2, 4 is a support member disposed on the inner base material 3, and 5 is a support member 4. An outer base material laid on the inner base material 3, 6 is a secondary waterproof material made of asphalt roofing or the like laid on the outer base material 5, and 7 is an outer base material 5 with the secondary waterproof material 6 interposed therebetween. A vertically-roofed roofing board made of a metal plate-like material, 8 is a hanging member for fixing the roofing board, and 9 is a mutual connecting portion of a plurality of roofing boards 7 including the hangings 8 and adjacent to each other in the purlin direction. The cover member which covers is shown.

【0014】内側下地材3は、樹脂発泡材、ボード状グ
ラスウール、木繊維系ボード及びそれらの複合材等の断
熱性に優れた材料から形成されており、屋根基礎面をな
す均しモルタル層2の上に隙間なく敷設されている。一
方、外側下地材5としては前記内側下地材3と同様の材
料ないしは硬質の木片セメント板等の広範な材料が適用
される。
The inner base material 3 is made of a material having a high heat insulating property such as a resin foam material, a board-shaped glass wool, a wood fiber board and a composite material thereof, and the leveling mortar layer 2 forming the roof foundation surface. It is laid without a gap on the top. On the other hand, as the outer base material 5, a wide range of materials such as the same material as the inner base material 3 or hard wood chip cement board is applied.

【0015】支持部材4は上述したように内側下地材3
の上に外側下地材5を支持するもので、金属板状材料の
ロール、プレス加工品ないしはアルミ押出型材等により
長尺材として形成されている。形状としては、図4にも
示したように平板状の受部4aの両端から所定高さの側
壁部4bを垂下し、各側壁部4bの下端から外側水平方
向に内側下地材3の上面に着座するフランジ部4cが形
成されている。図4に示したように、側壁部4bには長
手方向に長孔状の開口部10が所定間隔で多数形成され
ている。また、フランジ部4cには図示しないビス等の
固定具を介して内側下地材3に固定するための固定孔1
1が設けられている。尚、フランジ部4cを内向きに成
形するような場合にあっては、固定バンド等の別途固定
部材を介して固定してもよい。
As described above, the support member 4 is the inner base material 3
The outer base material 5 is supported on the above, and is formed as a long material such as a roll of a metal plate material, a pressed product or an aluminum extruded material. As for the shape, as shown in FIG. 4, side wall portions 4b of a predetermined height are hung from both ends of the flat plate-shaped receiving portion 4a, and from the lower end of each side wall portion 4b to the upper surface of the inner base material 3 in the outer horizontal direction. A flange portion 4c for seating is formed. As shown in FIG. 4, a large number of elongated hole-shaped openings 10 are formed in the side wall portion 4b at predetermined intervals in the longitudinal direction. Further, a fixing hole 1 for fixing the inner base material 3 to the flange portion 4c via a fixing tool such as a screw (not shown).
1 is provided. When the flange portion 4c is molded inward, the flange portion 4c may be fixed via a separate fixing member such as a fixing band.

【0016】この発明の特徴は、上記支持部材4を介し
て内側下地材3と外側下地材5との間に空気層12を形
成すると共に、その上に既存構造の縦葺き屋根構造を構
築しうるようにした点にある。
A feature of the present invention is that an air layer 12 is formed between the inner base material 3 and the outer base material 5 via the support member 4 and the existing thatched roof structure is constructed thereon. There is a point to make it possible.

【0017】この縦葺き屋根を施工するには、まず均し
モルタル層2の上に内側下地材3を隙間なく敷設し、そ
の上にネジ等の固定具を使用して母屋方向(軒棟方向に
対して直交する方向)に沿って複数の支持部材4を所定
の間隔を空けて配設する(図1参照)。
In order to construct this vertical thatched roof, first, the inner base material 3 is laid on the leveling mortar layer 2 without any space, and a fixing tool such as a screw is used on the inner base material 3 to move toward the purlin (toward the eaves). A plurality of support members 4 are arranged at predetermined intervals along a direction (orthogonal to the direction) (see FIG. 1).

【0018】次に、複数の支持部材4の受部4aにて載
置する要領で外側下地材5を敷設する。なお、軒棟方向
に複数の外側下地材5を継いで敷設する場合には、その
継ぎ目が前記受部4の上に位置するように予め支持部材
4の取付間隔及び位置を割り付けておく。
Next, the outer base material 5 is laid in such a manner that it is placed on the receiving portions 4a of the plurality of supporting members 4. When a plurality of outer base materials 5 are laid in the eaves direction, the mounting intervals and positions of the support members 4 are allocated in advance so that the joints are located above the receiving portion 4.

【0019】そして、上述のようにして敷設した外側下
地材5の上面に、支持部材4毎にその上方に位置するよ
うに、かつ母屋方向に屋根板7の有効幅に相当する取付
間隔を空けて、複数の吊子8を配設する。この吊子8
は、例えば図示しないボルトを介して、下方の外側下地
材5及び支持部材4の受部4aに共締めすることにより
固定する。
Then, on the upper surface of the outer base material 5 laid as described above, a mounting interval corresponding to the effective width of the roof plate 7 is provided so as to be located above each supporting member 4 and in the purlin direction. Then, a plurality of suspenders 8 are arranged. This suspension 8
Are fixed by being fastened together with the lower outer base material 5 and the receiving portion 4a of the supporting member 4 via, for example, a bolt (not shown).

【0020】このようにして配設した複数の吊子8を介
して、これら母屋方向に隣接する吊子8間に縦葺き屋根
板7を固定し、さらに互いに隣接する屋根板7間の継ぎ
目を覆うカバー部材9を吊子8に被せることにより施工
が完了する。
Through the plurality of suspenders 8 thus arranged, the vertically roofing roof plate 7 is fixed between the suspenders 8 adjacent to each other in the purlin direction, and a joint between the roof plates 7 adjacent to each other is further provided. The construction is completed by covering the hanger 8 with the covering cover member 9.

【0021】上述したように、この屋根構造は内側下地
材3の上に支持部材4を介して外側下地材5を敷設する
点を除いては一般的な縦葺き屋根構造と大きく異なる点
はなく、従って既存の屋根板及び関連部品を利用して低
コストでかつ容易に構築することができる。
As described above, this roof structure is substantially the same as the general vertical thatched roof structure except that the outer base material 5 is laid on the inner base material 3 via the support member 4. Therefore, it can be easily constructed at a low cost using existing roofing boards and related parts.

【0022】また、内側下地材3と外側下地材5との間
には支持部材4の高さに相当する厚さを有する空気層1
2が形成され、しかもこの空気層12は、支持部材4の
開口部10を介して軒棟方向に連続した空間として形成
されるので、断熱目的のみならず換気等のためにも有効
利用することができる。
An air layer 1 having a thickness corresponding to the height of the support member 4 is provided between the inner base material 3 and the outer base material 5.
2 is formed, and since this air layer 12 is formed as a continuous space in the eaves ridge direction through the opening 10 of the support member 4, it can be effectively used not only for heat insulation but also for ventilation and the like. You can

【0023】すなわち、例えば軒側棟側のそれぞれに通
風口を設けることにより図1に矢印で示したように軒方
向から棟方向への対流による自然換気機能を持たせられ
るほか、さらに空気層12に強制ファン等を接続して強
制換気を図ることもできる。また、空気層12は、太陽
熱エネルギ利用のための機器類を屋根上に配置する場合
には、そのための配管や配線を通すためのダクトとして
も利用することが可能となるなど幅広い応用が可能であ
る。
That is, for example, by providing ventilation openings on the eaves side and the ridge side respectively, a natural ventilation function by convection from the eaves direction to the ridge direction can be provided as shown by the arrow in FIG. Forced ventilation can also be achieved by connecting a forced fan to the. In addition, the air layer 12 has a wide range of applications, such as being able to be used as a duct for passing pipes and wiring therefor when devices for utilizing solar heat energy are arranged on the roof. is there.

【0024】次に、図5〜図8に示した第2実施例につ
き説明する。なお上記第1実施例と対応する部分には互
いに同一の符号を付して示すことにする。
Next, the second embodiment shown in FIGS. 5 to 8 will be described. The parts corresponding to those in the first embodiment are designated by the same reference numerals.

【0025】この実施例は、屋根の基礎を構成する構造
が鉄骨構造となっている建築物への適用例を示してお
り、すなわち図示したように内側下地材3をC型鋼から
なる母屋材13の上に敷設してある。
This embodiment shows an example of application to a building in which the structure constituting the roof foundation is a steel frame structure, that is, as shown in the figure, the inner base material 3 is a purlin material 13 made of C-type steel. Is laid on top of.

【0026】また、支持部材4の構成においても第1実
施例とは異なる。この支持部材4は、詳細には図8に示
したように片持構造となっており、すなわち平板状の受
部4aの一方の端部のみから側壁部4bを垂下し、その
下端部から受部4aとは反対向になるようにフランジ部
4cが形成してある。側壁部4bに多数の開口部10が
形成されている点、フランジ部4cに固定孔11が設け
られている点は第1実施例のものと同様である。
The structure of the support member 4 is also different from that of the first embodiment. More specifically, the support member 4 has a cantilever structure as shown in FIG. 8, that is, the side wall portion 4b is hung from only one end of the flat plate-shaped receiving portion 4a, and the side wall portion 4b is received from the lower end portion thereof. A flange portion 4c is formed so as to be opposite to the portion 4a. The point that a large number of openings 10 are formed in the side wall portion 4b and the fixing hole 11 is provided in the flange portion 4c are the same as in the first embodiment.

【0027】この実施例の支持部材4によれば、上述し
たようにその構造が比較的単純であるので加工が容易で
あり、低コストかつ軽量にすることができる。
According to the supporting member 4 of this embodiment, since the structure thereof is relatively simple as described above, the processing is easy, and the cost and the weight can be reduced.

【0028】このように、この発明における支持部材4
は種々の形態のものが適用可能であり、例えば図9また
は図10に示したようなものを用いるようにしてもよ
い。
Thus, the support member 4 according to the present invention
Various forms are applicable, and for example, those shown in FIG. 9 or 10 may be used.

【0029】図9に示したものは、内側下地材3に着座
するフランジ部4cから側壁部4bが立ち上がり、該側
壁部4bの頂部に屋根板7を支持する受部4aを有する
点では図4のものと同様であるが、受部4aよりも下方
に位置して外側下地材5の端部を保持する段部4dを側
壁部4bに形成した点で異なっている。
In FIG. 9, the side wall portion 4b rises from the flange portion 4c seated on the inner side base material 3, and the side wall portion 4b has a receiving portion 4a for supporting the roof plate 7 at the top portion of the side wall portion 4b. It is similar to the above-mentioned one, but is different in that a step portion 4d which is located below the receiving portion 4a and holds the end portion of the outer base material 5 is formed in the side wall portion 4b.

【0030】この場合、段部4dから受部4aに至る高
さは外側下地材5の厚さに相当する寸法に設定されてお
り、当該段部4dに外側下地材5を載置した状態で外側
下地材5の上面に臨む受部4aにて直接吊子8ないし屋
根板7を支持する構成となっている。これによれば屋根
板7を外側下地材5を介さずに直接支持部材4にて支持
させることができるので屋根板7の支持強度の点で有利
となる。
In this case, the height from the step portion 4d to the receiving portion 4a is set to a dimension corresponding to the thickness of the outer base material 5, and the outer base material 5 is placed on the step portion 4d. The receiving portion 4a facing the upper surface of the outer base material 5 directly supports the suspension 8 or the roof plate 7. According to this, since the roof plate 7 can be directly supported by the support member 4 without the outer base material 5, the support strength of the roof plate 7 is advantageous.

【0031】また、この支持部材4にはその受部4a
に、屋根板7の有効幅に対応する間隔で、割付手段とし
て多数の切り起こし爪14を設けてあるので、この切り
起こし爪14を割付指標として吊子8及び屋根板7を容
易に割り付けることができ、従って屋根の施工作業性が
大幅に向上する。なおこの切り起こし爪14は吊子8を
固定するための固定爪として利用することもできる。
The support member 4 has a receiving portion 4a.
In addition, since a large number of cut-and-raised claws 14 are provided as allocating means at intervals corresponding to the effective width of the roof plate 7, it is possible to easily allocate the suspension 8 and the roof plate 7 by using the cut-and-raised claws 14 as an allocation index. Therefore, the roof construction workability is greatly improved. The cut-and-raised claw 14 can also be used as a fixed claw for fixing the hanger 8.

【0032】次に、図10に示した支持部材4について
説明すると、これは略相似の断面形状を有する下部部材
41と上部部材42とから構成されている。すなわち、
下部部材41はその頂部41aの両端から垂下した所定
高さの側壁部41bの下端にフランジ部41cを形成し
てなるのに対して、上部部材42は、前記下部部材41
に上方から重合可能な形状に形成され、下部部材頂部4
1aに重合して屋根板7を支持する受部42aの両端か
ら垂下した側面部42bに、前記フランジ部41cより
も空気層12に相当する所定高さだけ上方に位置するよ
うに外側下地材5の端部を支持する棚部42cを形成し
てなる。なお開口部10は上部部材42を重合した状態
で棚部42cよりも下方に位置するように下部部材41
の側壁部41bに形成されている。また、上部部材42
の受部42aには図9のものと同様に割付用の切り起こ
し爪14が形成されている。
Next, the support member 4 shown in FIG. 10 will be described. It is composed of a lower member 41 and an upper member 42 having substantially similar sectional shapes. That is,
The lower member 41 is formed by forming a flange portion 41c at the lower end of a side wall portion 41b having a predetermined height depending from both ends of the top portion 41a, while the upper member 42 is formed by the lower member 41.
Is formed in a shape that can be overlapped from above, and the lower member top 4
The outer base material 5 is placed on the side surface portions 42b hanging from both ends of the receiving portion 42a for supporting the roof plate 7 by overlapping with 1a so as to be located above the flange portion 41c by a predetermined height corresponding to the air layer 12. And a shelf portion 42c for supporting the end portion of the. Note that the opening 10 is positioned below the shelf 42c in a state where the upper member 42 is overlapped with the lower member 41.
Is formed on the side wall portion 41b. Also, the upper member 42
The cut-and-raised claws 14 for allocation are formed in the receiving portion 42a of the same as in FIG.

【0033】この実施例の支持部材4によれば、図9に
示した実施例による効果に加えて、上部と下部それぞれ
の部材42,41の板厚を薄くして軽量化及び材料の節
約を図りつつ、重合構成により屋根板7を支持する受部
42a(及び頂部41a)での実質的な板厚を大きくし
て固定ビス等に対する固定力を充分に確保することがで
きる。また、下部部材41の側壁部41bの高さに応じ
て空気層12の厚みを、上部部材42の側面部42bの
高さに応じて外側下地材5の厚さをそれぞれ選択可能と
なり、さらにこれらの組み合わせに応じて多種類の仕様
を設定できるという利点も得られる。
According to the supporting member 4 of this embodiment, in addition to the effect of the embodiment shown in FIG. 9, the plate thickness of the upper and lower members 42 and 41 is reduced to reduce the weight and save the material. As illustrated, the receiving portion 42a (and the top portion 41a) supporting the roof plate 7 can have a substantial plate thickness by the overlapping structure, and a sufficient fixing force for the fixing screw or the like can be secured. Further, the thickness of the air layer 12 can be selected according to the height of the side wall portion 41b of the lower member 41, and the thickness of the outer base material 5 can be selected according to the height of the side surface portion 42b of the upper member 42. There is also an advantage that various kinds of specifications can be set according to the combination of.

【0034】[0034]

【発明の効果】以上説明したようにこの発明の縦葺き屋
根構造によれば、屋根基礎面上に敷設した下地材の上面
に縦葺き屋根板を葺いた屋根構造において、前記下地材
として屋根基礎面上に敷設される内側下地材と、前記屋
根板の少なくとも平坦部裏面側に位置して取り付けられ
る外側下地材とを設け、前記内側下地材上に母屋方向に
沿って配設した所定高さを有する長尺材からなる支持部
材を介して前記外側下地材を支持して内側下地材と外側
下地材との間に空気層を形成するようにしたので、既存
の屋根板及び関連部品を適用して施工に手間取ることな
く容易に空気層を有する縦葺き屋根を形成することがで
きるとともに、部品及び施工のコストを低減できるとい
う効果が得られる。
As described above, according to the vertically-roofed roof structure of the present invention, in the roof structure in which the vertically-roofed roof plate is laid on the upper surface of the foundation material laid on the roof foundation surface, the roof foundation is used as the foundation material. A predetermined height that is provided on the inner base material along the purlin direction, with an inner base material laid on the surface and an outer base material that is mounted at the back side of at least the flat portion of the roof plate. Since the outer base material is supported through a supporting member made of a long material having an air gap between the inner base material and the outer base material, the existing roof plate and related parts are applied. As a result, it is possible to easily form a vertical roof having an air layer without taking time and effort for the construction, and it is possible to reduce the cost of parts and construction.

【0035】また、支持部材には軒棟方向の空気層を相
互に連通する開口部を設けたので、空気層を通風・換気
あるいは断熱用として機能させることができるだけでな
く、太陽熱エネルギ利用等に関わる配管・配線を自由に
行うことができる。
Further, since the support member is provided with the opening for communicating the air layers toward the eaves with each other, not only can the air layers function as ventilation / ventilation or heat insulation, but also for utilizing solar heat energy. You can freely perform related piping and wiring.

【0036】また、支持部材として、内側下地材に着座
するフランジ部から側壁部を立ち上げると共に、該側壁
部の頂部に屋根板を支持する受部を、該受部よりも下方
に位置して外側下地材の端部を保持する段部をそれぞれ
形成したものを適用することにより、屋根板の支持強度
をより向上させられるという効果が得られる。
Further, as the supporting member, the side wall portion is raised from the flange portion which is seated on the inner base material, and the receiving portion for supporting the roof plate on the top portion of the side wall portion is positioned below the receiving portion. By applying the ones in which the step portions for holding the end portions of the outer base material are formed, the effect that the supporting strength of the roof plate can be further improved can be obtained.

【0037】さらに、支持部材として、その頂部の両端
から垂下した所定高さの側壁部の下端に内側下地材に着
座するフランジ部を形成した下部部材と、この下部部材
に上方から重合可能な形状を備え、前記下部部材頂部に
重合して屋根板を支持する受部の両端から垂下した側面
部に、前記フランジ部よりも所定高さだけ上方に位置し
て外側下地材の端部を支持する棚部を形成した上部部材
とからなるものを適用することにより、支持部材の軽量
化及び材料の節約を図ると共に、屋根板の固定力を充分
に確保することができ、また、空気層や外側下地材の厚
さについて種々の要求に応えられるという効果が得られ
る。
Further, as a supporting member, a lower member in which a flange portion for seating on an inner base material is formed at a lower end of a side wall portion having a predetermined height that hangs from both ends of the top portion, and a shape which can be superposed on the lower member from above And a side portion hanging from both ends of the receiving portion that overlaps with the top portion of the lower member and supports the roof plate, and is positioned a predetermined height above the flange portion to support the end portion of the outer base material. By applying the one that consists of the upper member that forms the shelves, it is possible to reduce the weight of the supporting member and save the material, and it is possible to sufficiently secure the fixing force of the roof plate. The effect that various requirements can be met regarding the thickness of the base material is obtained.

【0038】さらに、支持部材の受部に屋根板の有効幅
に対応する割付手段をその長手方向に沿って配設した構
成とすることにより、屋根の施工作業性を大幅に向上さ
せることができる。
Further, by providing the receiving portion of the support member with the allocating means corresponding to the effective width of the roof plate along the longitudinal direction thereof, the workability of the roof construction can be greatly improved. .

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]

【図1】この発明による縦葺き屋根構造の第1実施例の
縦断面図。
FIG. 1 is a vertical sectional view of a first embodiment of a thatched roof structure according to the present invention.

【図2】図1のa部詳細図。FIG. 2 is a detailed view of part a of FIG.

【図3】図1のA−A断面図。3 is a sectional view taken along line AA of FIG.

【図4】図1の実施例に適用される支持部材の要部斜視
図。
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a main part of a supporting member applied to the embodiment of FIG.

【図5】この発明による縦葺き屋根構造の第2実施例の
縦断面図。
FIG. 5 is a vertical sectional view of a second embodiment of a thatched roof structure according to the present invention.

【図6】図5のb部詳細図。FIG. 6 is a detailed view of part b of FIG.

【図7】図5のB−B断面図。7 is a sectional view taken along line BB of FIG.

【図8】図5の実施例に適用される支持部材の要部斜視
図。
8 is a perspective view of a main part of a support member applied to the embodiment of FIG.

【図9】この発明による縦葺き屋根構造に適用する支持
部材に関する他の実施例の要部斜視図。
FIG. 9 is a perspective view of a main part of another embodiment of the supporting member applied to the thatched roof structure according to the present invention.

【図10】この発明による縦葺き屋根構造に適用する支
持部材に関するさらに他の実施例の要部斜視図。
FIG. 10 is a perspective view of a main part of still another embodiment of the supporting member applied to the thatched roof structure according to the present invention.

【符号の説明】 1 コンクリート下地層 2 均しモルタル層 3 内側下地材 4 支持部材 4a 受部 4b 側壁部 4c フランジ部 4d 段部 5 外側下地材 6 2次防水材 7 縦葺き屋根板 8 吊子 9 カバー部材 10 開口部 11 固定孔 12 空気層 13 C型鋼 14 切り起こし爪(割付手段) 41 下部部材 41a 頂部 41b 側壁部 41c フランジ部 42 上部部材 42a 受部 42b 側面部 42c 棚部[Explanation of Codes] 1 Concrete Underlayer 2 Leveling Mortar Layer 3 Inner Underlayer Material 4 Supporting Member 4a Receiving Part 4b Sidewall 4c Flange 4d Step 5 Outer Underlayer 6 Secondary Waterproofing Material 7 Vertical Roof Roof 8 Suspension 9 cover member 10 opening 11 fixing hole 12 air layer 13 C type steel 14 cut and raised claw (allocating means) 41 lower member 41a top 41b side wall 41c flange 42 upper member 42a receiving 42b side 42c shelf

Claims (4)

【特許請求の範囲】[Claims] 【請求項1】屋根基礎面上に敷設した下地材の上面に縦
葺き屋根板を葺いた屋根構造において、 前記下地材として屋根基礎面上に敷設される内側下地材
と、前記屋根板の少なくとも平坦部裏面側に位置して取
り付けられる外側下地材とを設け、 前記内側下地材上に母屋方向に沿って配設した所定高さ
を有する長尺材からなる支持部材を介して前記外側下地
材を支持して内側下地材と外側下地材との間に空気層を
形成すると共に、 この支持部材にはその軒側と棟側の空気層を相互に連通
する開口部を設けたことを特徴とする縦葺き屋根構造。
1. A roof structure in which a vertically-roofed roofing board is placed on an upper surface of a base material laid on a roof foundation surface, and at least an inner base material laid on the roof base surface as the base material and at least the roofing board. An outer base material that is mounted on the back surface side of the flat part, and the outer base material is provided via a support member made of a long material having a predetermined height and arranged on the inner base material along the purlin direction. And an air layer is formed between the inner base material and the outer base material, and the support member is provided with an opening for communicating the eave side and the ridge side air layer with each other. A vertical thatched roof structure.
【請求項2】支持部材は、内側下地材に着座するフラン
ジ部から側壁部を立ち上げると共に、該側壁部の頂部に
屋根板を支持する受部を、該受部よりも下方に位置して
外側下地材の端部を保持する段部をそれぞれ形成してな
ることを特徴とする請求項1に記載の縦葺き屋根構造。
2. The support member has a side wall portion which is raised from a flange portion which is seated on the inner base material, and a receiving portion which supports the roof plate on a top portion of the side wall portion and which is positioned below the receiving portion. The vertically-roofed roof structure according to claim 1, wherein each of the stepped portions holds an end portion of the outer base material.
【請求項3】支持部材は、その頂部の両端から垂下した
所定高さの側壁部の下端に内側下地材に着座するフラン
ジ部を形成した下部部材と、この下部部材に上方から重
合可能な形状を備え、前記下部部材頂部に重合して屋根
板を支持する受部の両端から垂下した側面部に、前記フ
ランジ部よりも所定高さだけ上方に位置して外側下地材
の端部を支持する棚部を形成した上部部材とからなるこ
とを特徴とする請求項1に記載の縦葺き屋根構造。
3. The support member comprises a lower member having a flange portion for seating on an inner base material formed at a lower end of a side wall portion having a predetermined height depending from both ends of the top portion, and a shape capable of being superposed on the lower member from above. And a side part hanging from both ends of the receiving part that overlaps with the top part of the lower member and supports the roof plate, and is positioned a predetermined height above the flange part to support the end part of the outer base material. The vertically-roofed roof structure according to claim 1, comprising an upper member having a shelf portion formed thereon.
【請求項4】支持部材の受部には、屋根板の有効幅に対
応する割付手段をその長手方向に沿って配設したことを
特徴とする請求項2または請求項3のいずれかに記載の
縦葺き屋根構造。
4. The receiving portion of the supporting member is provided with an allocating means corresponding to the effective width of the roof plate along the longitudinal direction thereof. Vertical thatched roof structure.
JP5020795A 1993-01-14 1993-01-14 Vertical roof structure Expired - Fee Related JPH083244B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP5020795A JPH083244B2 (en) 1993-01-14 1993-01-14 Vertical roof structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP5020795A JPH083244B2 (en) 1993-01-14 1993-01-14 Vertical roof structure

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH06212742A true JPH06212742A (en) 1994-08-02
JPH083244B2 JPH083244B2 (en) 1996-01-17

Family

ID=12037009

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP5020795A Expired - Fee Related JPH083244B2 (en) 1993-01-14 1993-01-14 Vertical roof structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH083244B2 (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH1061131A (en) * 1996-08-15 1998-03-03 Yodogawa Steel Works Ltd Eaves edge structure
JP2002004508A (en) * 2000-06-16 2002-01-09 Hideo Fujita Roof
KR20160025809A (en) * 2014-08-28 2016-03-09 손동열 Connecting members for insulating roof structure
JP2017511870A (en) * 2014-03-07 2017-04-27 ジニアテック リミテッド Solar roof system
US10502435B2 (en) 2013-09-06 2019-12-10 Zinniatek Limited Solar thermal roofing system
US10850440B2 (en) 2014-12-01 2020-12-01 Zinniatek Limited Roofing, cladding or siding product
US10858839B2 (en) 2011-11-30 2020-12-08 Zinniatek Limited Roofing, cladding or siding product, its manufacture and its use as part of a solar energy recovery system
US10879842B2 (en) 2016-10-17 2020-12-29 Zinniatek Limited Roofing, cladding or siding module or apparatus
US11011912B2 (en) 2011-11-30 2021-05-18 Zinniatek Limited Photovoltaic systems
US11018618B2 (en) 2013-05-23 2021-05-25 Zinniatek Limited Photovoltaic systems
US11702840B2 (en) 2018-12-19 2023-07-18 Zinniatek Limited Roofing, cladding or siding module, its manufacture and use
US11970858B2 (en) 2017-02-21 2024-04-30 Zinniatek Limited Substrate having decorated surface and method of production

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS57173537A (en) * 1981-04-17 1982-10-25 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Fuel feed device of internal combustion engine
JPS58167949A (en) * 1982-03-30 1983-10-04 Ishikawa Seisakusho:Kk Diaphragm type oxygen concentration measuring method and diaphragm type oxygen electrode

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS57173537A (en) * 1981-04-17 1982-10-25 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Fuel feed device of internal combustion engine
JPS58167949A (en) * 1982-03-30 1983-10-04 Ishikawa Seisakusho:Kk Diaphragm type oxygen concentration measuring method and diaphragm type oxygen electrode

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH1061131A (en) * 1996-08-15 1998-03-03 Yodogawa Steel Works Ltd Eaves edge structure
JP2002004508A (en) * 2000-06-16 2002-01-09 Hideo Fujita Roof
US10858839B2 (en) 2011-11-30 2020-12-08 Zinniatek Limited Roofing, cladding or siding product, its manufacture and its use as part of a solar energy recovery system
US11011912B2 (en) 2011-11-30 2021-05-18 Zinniatek Limited Photovoltaic systems
US11018618B2 (en) 2013-05-23 2021-05-25 Zinniatek Limited Photovoltaic systems
US10502435B2 (en) 2013-09-06 2019-12-10 Zinniatek Limited Solar thermal roofing system
JP2017511870A (en) * 2014-03-07 2017-04-27 ジニアテック リミテッド Solar roof system
JP2022017383A (en) * 2014-03-07 2022-01-25 ジニアテック リミテッド Solar thermal roofing system
US11408613B2 (en) 2014-03-07 2022-08-09 Zinniatek Limited Solar thermal roofing system
KR20160025809A (en) * 2014-08-28 2016-03-09 손동열 Connecting members for insulating roof structure
US10850440B2 (en) 2014-12-01 2020-12-01 Zinniatek Limited Roofing, cladding or siding product
US10879842B2 (en) 2016-10-17 2020-12-29 Zinniatek Limited Roofing, cladding or siding module or apparatus
US11970858B2 (en) 2017-02-21 2024-04-30 Zinniatek Limited Substrate having decorated surface and method of production
US11702840B2 (en) 2018-12-19 2023-07-18 Zinniatek Limited Roofing, cladding or siding module, its manufacture and use

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