JPH05245089A - Wiping cloth - Google Patents

Wiping cloth

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Publication number
JPH05245089A
JPH05245089A JP8159791A JP8159791A JPH05245089A JP H05245089 A JPH05245089 A JP H05245089A JP 8159791 A JP8159791 A JP 8159791A JP 8159791 A JP8159791 A JP 8159791A JP H05245089 A JPH05245089 A JP H05245089A
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JP
Grant status
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
yarn
wiping
cloth
capacity
single fiber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP8159791A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Shigeo Nagira
Kaori Shimamoto
かおり 島本
重雄 柳楽
Original Assignee
Toyobo Co Ltd
東洋紡績株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
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Abstract

PURPOSE: To improve wiping performance, water absorbency, color forming property and fashionability by using conjugate yarn of textured yarn with a specified single fiber fineness and multifilament yarn with a boiling shrinkage larger by a specified ratio than the textured yarn at least for warp and further imparting a specified average specific capacity to the cloth.
CONSTITUTION: Fiber used for the surface of a pile-like woven fabric of wiping cloth must meet the requirement of 0.5 denier or less in the single fiber fineness. When the single fiber fineness exceeds 0.5 denier, the wiping capacity is worsened. Then, the textured yarn with the fine single fiber fineness is conjugated with multifilament yarn having a boiling shrinkage exceeding 10% as compared with the textured yarn. When difference of the boiling shrinkage is below 10%, the development of piles becomes insufficient. The constituent fibers of the conjugate yarn may be the same or different in type. Moreover, the pile-like woven fabric exceeds 5cm3/g in average specific capacity. Even with the actual value less than the value, there is no extreme lowering of the wiping capacity of the cloth but the storing capacity of dirt and water/oil absorbing performance becomes worse.
COPYRIGHT: (C)1993,JPO&Japio

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明は、ワイピングクロスに関するものである。 The present invention relates to relates to a wiping cloth.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来技術】従来より、家庭清掃用、工業用、めがね拭きなどの用途にワイピングクロスが使用されている。 Of the Prior Art Conventionally, household cleaning, industrial, for applications such as wiping glasses wiping cloth has been used. そして、その材料としては主に綿のタオルを利用し雑巾が用いられてきた。 And, mainly using the towel of cotton cloth has been used as the material. 又、その他には、特開昭55−581 In addition, Other includes JP-A-55-581
47号公報に記載されているように極細繊維を用いたものや、特開平2−139449号公報に記載されているように立毛布帛としたものなどがある。 Those using ultrafine fibers as described in 47 JP and include those obtained by a raised fabric, as described in JP-A-2-139449.

【0003】 [0003]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかし、綿タオルを用いると表面から毛羽が発塵するため、対象物に毛羽が残り、除去が困難であったり又、対象物が限定されるなどの問題がある。 [SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION] However, since the fluff from using the surface of the cotton towel to dust, fluff remain in the object, removing also is or difficult, a problem of the object is limited is there. 極細繊維を用いたものは、風合いが柔軟すぎるため特開昭60−39439号公報に記載されているように織編物を高密度化する必要があった。 Those using microfibers, texture was necessary to achieve a high density of the woven or knitted fabric as described in JP-60-39439 Publication for too flexible. しかしながら、このような織編物では、拭き取った汚れの収納力が乏しく、ワイピングクロスとして満足できるものではなかった。 However, in such a woven or knitted fabric, storage capacity wiped dirt poor, were not satisfactory as a wiping cloth. 本発明の目的は、拭き取り性はもちろんのこと、空隙率が高く、吸水性、発色性、ファッション性に優れ手持ち感のあるワイピングクロスを提案することにある。 An object of the present invention, wiping performance, of course, high porosity, water absorption, color development properties, is to propose a wiping cloth with hand feeling excellent fashion.

【0004】 [0004]

【課題を解決しようとする手段】即ち、本発明は、単糸繊度が0.5デニール以下の仮撚加工糸と該仮撚加工糸より沸水収縮率が5%以上大きいマルチフィラメント糸との複合糸条を少なくとも経糸に用いた、平均比容積が5cm 3 /g以上のワイピングクロスにある。 SUMMARY AND SUMMARY Thus, the present invention is combined with a single yarn fineness of the false twisted yarn of 0.5 denier and the temporary twisted yarn than boiling water shrinkage ratio of 5% or more larger multifilament yarn yarn used in at least the warp and the average specific volume is in the 5 cm 3 / g or more wiping cloth.

【0005】本発明でいうパイル調織物は、例えば3/ [0005] The pile-tone fabrics referred to in the present invention is, for example, 3 /
1ツイル、3/1破れ斜文、5枚朱子などのように経糸浮数が3〜9個の組織に製織し、熱処理することによって、パイル調のループを形成するものである。 1 twill, 3/1 broken twill, woven warp 浮数 within three to nine organizations, such as 5 harness satin, by heat treatment, thereby forming a loop pile tone. 又、空隙率を高くするため、経糸及び/又は緯糸を二重組織にするとよい。 Further, in order to increase the porosity, the warp and / or weft may be doubled tissue. 本発明のパイル調織物の表面に用いる繊維は、単糸繊度が0.5デニール以下であることが必要である。 Fibers used in the surface of the pile tone fabrics of the present invention must have a single yarn fineness is less than 0.5 denier. 単糸繊度が0.5デニールをこえると、拭き取り力が悪くなり、満足な性能が得られないため、本発明の範囲からは除外される。 When the single yarn fineness exceeds 0.5 denier, wiping force is poor, because satisfactory performance can not be obtained, are excluded from the scope of the present invention. 単糸繊度が細いほど拭き取り力はよくなる傾向にあるが、逆に摩擦抵抗が大きくなり、 Tends to fineness becomes better thin enough wiping force but, contrary to the frictional resistance is increased,
対象物にクロスが密着して手だけがすべるようになり、 So that only hand cross comes into close contact with the slide to the object,
又、発色性も劣ってくるので0.05デニール以上が好ましい。 In addition, more than 0.05 denier is preferable because come inferior coloring property. 又、本発明の極細繊維は、仮撚加工を施すが、 Further, the ultrafine fiber of the present invention is subjected to false twisting,
これによって断面形状が異形化し、ワイピング力が向上すると同時に空隙率が高くなり汚れの収納力が高くなるのである。 This was profiled cross-sectional shape, is the storage capacity of the dirt increases at the same time the void ratio when the wiping force is improved is increased. 次に極細繊維の紡糸方法であるが、例えば、 Next is a spinning method of the ultrafine fibers, for example,
紡糸口金よりポリマーを吐出する際極細状態にする方法、海島型、割繊型複合繊維から、極細繊維を得る方法などがあげられる。 How to ultrafine state when discharged from the spinneret a polymer, the sea-island, the split 繊型 composite fibers, a method may be mentioned of obtaining ultrafine fibers.

【0006】上記細繊度仮撚加工糸と該加工糸に比べ熱水収縮率が10%以上大きいマルチフィラメントを複合する。 [0006] The fineness false twisted yarn and the yarn hot water shrinkage percentage than in the conjugating larger multifilament 10% or more. 沸水収縮率差が10%以下であると、パイルの発現が不充分で本発明の目的は達成されない。 When boiling water shrinkage percentage difference is 10% or less, an object of the present invention is insufficient expression of piles is not achieved. 良好なパイルを得るためには沸水収縮率差が15%以上、さらに手持ち感のあるパイルを得るためには20%以上であることが好ましい。 Good boiling water shrinkage difference in order to obtain a pile of 15% or more, it is preferable to obtain a pile with further the hand feeling is 20% or more. 本発明の複合糸条は、相互に同種の繊維であっても、異種の繊維であってもよく、ポリマーとしては、ポリエステル、ポリアミドが耐久性の面からも特に好ましい。 Composite yarn Article of the present invention, even in the fibers of mutually the same kind, may be a fiber of heterogeneous, as the polymer, a polyester, a polyamide is particularly preferred in terms of durability. 又、該複合糸条の複合方法として、混繊、 In addition, as a composite method of the composite yarn, mixed fiber,
合撚、引き揃えがあり、特に限定はないがコストの面から引き揃え、もしくは混繊が好ましい。 Goyo, there are drawn aligned, is not particularly limited but aligned drawn in terms of cost, or mixed fiber is preferable. 本発明で得られるパイル調織物は、平均比容積が5cm 3 /g以上である。 Pile tone fabric obtained in the present invention, the average specific volume is 5 cm 3 / g or more. 平均比容積が5cm 3 /g以下であってもクロスの拭き取り力が極端に劣ることはないが、汚れの収納力や吸水・吸油性能が乏しくなり、本発明の範囲からは除外される。 Although the average specific volume is not inferior to the extreme wiping force of cloth even 5 cm 3 / g or less, storage capacity and water-oil performance dirt becomes poor, it is excluded from the scope of the present invention. 本発明でいう平均比容積とは、 N=B×10 4 /A ・・・・・(1) (ただしNは平均比容積(cm 3 /g)、Aは目付(8 The average specific volume in the present invention, N = B × 10 4 / A ····· (1) ( where N is the average specific volume (cm 3 / g), A is the mass per unit area (8
/m 2 )、Bは厚さ(cm)とする) (1)式において、Bの値はKES FB−3 圧縮試験機を用いて測定したTOの値(荷重0.5g/cm 2 / M 2), B is the thickness (cm)) (1) In the formula, the value of TO is the value of B was measured using a KES FB-3 compression tester (load 0.5 g / cm 2
時の厚み)である。 When it is of thickness).

【0007】 [0007]

【作用】本発明のワイピングクロスは、パイル調織物であり、厚み、かさ高性に富み又、空隙率が高いため、汚れの収納力が高く、したがって少ない洗濯回数で清掃が可能である。 [Action] wiping cloth of the present invention is a pile tone fabrics, thickness, also rich in bulkiness, since a high porosity, high storage capacity of dirt, thus cleaning a small washing times are possible. 又、本発明のワイピングクロスは、極細繊維であることと、仮撚での異形断面化によるソフトエッジで優れた拭き取り力をもつ。 Also, wiping cloth of the present invention has a be a superfine fiber, excellent wiping force soft edge by a modified cross-section of at false twist. さらに、フィラメントを使用したクロスであるため、毛羽発生の心配がなく、工業用クロスとしても良好である。 In addition, since it is a cross using a filament, there is no fear of fluff occurrence, it is also good as an industrial cross. 以下、実施例にて詳細に説明するが本発明はもとよりこれらの実施例に限定されるものではない。 Hereinafter be described in detail in the examples the present invention is not limited to these examples as well.

【0008】 [0008]

【実施例】 【Example】

実施例1 経糸として140d/432fのポリエステル極細繊維加工糸(沸水収縮率4%)と、37d/24fのポリエステルマルチフィラメント(沸水収縮率55%)を混繊したものを用い、緯糸に140d/432fのポリエステル極細繊維加工糸を用い、6/1経二重サテン組織とし、経密度156本/吋、緯密度60本/吋で製織し、 Polyester ultrafine fiber yarn of 140d / 432f as Example 1 warp (boiling water shrinkage 4%), 37d / 24f polyester multifilament of (boiling water shrinkage of 55%) with those commingled, 140d / 432f weft the use of a polyester superfine fiber yarn, a 6/1 through double satin tissue, woven with warp density of 156 yarns / inch, weft density 60 yarns / inch,
通常の加工条件で染色加工を行った。 It was dyeing under normal processing conditions. 染色工程で着色と同時に親水加工を施した。 It was subjected to at the same time hydrophilic processing and coloring in the dyeing process. 得られた織物は、発色性、ファッション製に優れた手持ち感のあるパイル調の織物であった。 The resulting fabric, color-forming, was the fabric of the pile tone with excellent hand-held sense of made fashion.

【0009】比較例1 経糸として140d/432fのポリエステル極細繊維加工糸(沸水収縮率4%)と30d/18fのポリエステルマルチフィラメント(沸水収縮率12%)を混繊したものを用い、緯糸に140d/432fのポリエステル極細繊維加工糸を用い、実施例1と同組織、同密度で製織し、同条件で染色加工を行った。 [0009] used as the polyester superfine fiber yarn of 140d / 432f Comparative Example 1 warp a (boiling water shrinkage percentage of 4%) polyester multifilament with 30d / 18f (boiling water shrinkage percentage of 12%) was mixed fiber, 140d in the weft / using polyester superfine fiber yarn of 432f, the organization as in example 1, was woven at the same density, it was dyeing under the same conditions. 得られた織物は空隙率が乏しく、吸水性、手持ち感とも十分満足できるものではなかった。 The resulting fabric poor porosity, water absorption, not sufficiently satisfactory also hand feeling.

【0010】比較例2 経・緯糸共に140d/432fのポリエステル極細繊維加工糸(沸水収縮率4%)を用い、2/2両面ツイル組織とし、経密度196本/吋、緯密度158本/吋で製織し、通常の加工条件で染色加工を行った。 [0010] Using the polyester superfine fiber yarn of 140d / 432f in Comparative Example 2 through-weft co (boiling water shrinkage percentage of 4%), and 2/2 sided twill tissue, warp density 196 yarns / inch, weft density 158 yarns / inch in weaving, it was stained processed in the normal processing conditions. 得られた織物は、空隙率が乏しく、吸水性、手持ち感とも十分満足できるものではなかった。 The resulting fabric, poor porosity, water absorption, not sufficiently satisfactory also hand feeling.

【0011】比較例3 経・緯糸共に140d/432fのポリエステル極細繊維加工糸(沸水収縮率4%)を用い2/2ツイル組織とし、経密度94本/吋、緯密度80本/吋で製織し通常の加工条件で染色加工を行った。 [0011] a 2/2 twill structure using polyester superfine fiber yarn of 140d / 432f in Comparative Example 3 After-weft co (boiling water shrinkage percentage of 4%), warp density 94 yarns / inch, woven with weft density 80 yarns / inch and it was subjected to dyeing under normal processing conditions. 得られた織物はワイピングクロスとして拭き取り性は十分満足できるものの吸水性、手持ち感に劣るものであった。 The resulting fabric absorbent ones wiping resistance sufficiently satisfactory as a wiping cloth, was poor in hand feeling.

【0012】比較例4 経・緯糸に53d/1220fのナイロン極細繊維フィラメントを用い、ヒラ組織とし、経密度100本/吋、 [0012] Using the nylon microfine fiber filaments of 53d / 1220F in Comparative Example 4 After-weft, and Gila tissue, warp density 100 yarns / inch,
緯密度92本/吋で製織し、通常の加工条件で染色加工を行った。 Woven with weft density 92 yarns / inch, it was dyeing under normal processing conditions. 得られた織物は、ワイピング性は満足できるものの発色性、吸水性に乏しく、又、手持ち感、拭き心地が悪く、ワイピングクロスとして十分満足できるものではなかった。 The resulting fabric chromogenic ones wiping properties satisfactory, poor water absorption, also hand feeling and wiping comfort poor, not sufficiently satisfactory as a wiping cloth.

【0013】 [0013]

【表1】 [Table 1]

【0014】尚、ワイピング性、吸水性の各測定値の測定法は以下の通りである。 [0014] Incidentally, the wiping properties, measurement of each measurement of the water absorption is as follows. (ワイピング性)ガラス板(マイクロ・スライドガラス、76×26mm厚さ1mm、白縁磨No.1)試料台とし、その上に標準汚染物質(土ぼこり〔赤土汚れ〕 (Wiping resistant) glass plates (micro-slide glass, 76 × 26 mm thickness 1 mm, HakuYukariMigaku No.1) and sample table, thereon standard pollutants (dusty [red clay stains]
もしくは手垢汚れ〔人工脂質〕)を付与する。 Or to grant the finger marks dirt [artificial lipid]). その上にワイピングクロスを置き所定ふきとり荷重下(赤土汚れは25g/3.9cm 2 、人工脂質は125g/3.9 Predetermined wiping under load puts wiping cloth thereon (red clay soil 25 g / 3.9 cm 2, artificial lipid 125 g / 3.9
cm 2 )で、1〜10回ふきとり後、ガラス板表面の清浄度を顕微鏡観察にて、1級(不良)〜5級(完全クリーン)の5段階評価をする。 In cm 2), after wiping 10 times, the cleanliness of the surface of the glass plate under a microscope observation, the out of first grade (poor) to 5 grade (completely clean). (吸水性)ラローズ法吸水性測定装置TL−01を用いて測定。 Measured using the (water-absorbing) Larose method water measurement device TL-01. 直径6.0cmの試料をガラスフィルターの上に置き、直径6cm、重さ480gの荷重をのせ、試料がフィルターを通じて吸い上げる水の量を、1分、2 Place the sample diameter 6.0cm on a glass filter, diameter 6 cm, put a load weighing 480 g, the amount of water the sample is sucked up through the filter, 1 minute, 2
分、5分後で測定する。 Minute, measured after 5 minutes. 吸水率は次式より求める。 The water absorption is determined from the following equation. (表1のデータは5分後の値) 吸水率(%)={吸水量(g)/試料重量(g)}×1 (Table 1 data value after 5 minutes) Water absorption (%) = {water absorption (g) / sample weight (g)} × 1
00 00

【0015】 [0015]

【発明の効果】本発明のワイピングクロスは、以上のような構成とすることにより優れた拭き取りはもちろんのこと、吸水性、発色性にも優れ、ファッション性、取り扱いやすさも兼ねそなえたクロスである。 Wiping cloth of the present invention according to the present invention, it excellent wiping course by the above-described structure, water absorption, excellent coloring property, are fashionable, cloth equipped doubles as ease of handling . すなわち、めがね拭き、産業用、工業用などワイピング性のみを重視した分野のみならず、家庭清掃用にも適し、又、カメラ、金属製品、皮製品、塗器などにも広く応用することができる。 That is, a lens cloth, industrial, not only the field with an emphasis on only the wiping properties and industrial, also suitable for household cleaning, also a camera, metal products, leather, can also be widely applied to such a coating apparatus .

Claims (1)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 単糸繊度が0.5デニール以下の仮撚加工糸と該仮撚加工糸より沸水収縮率が10%以上大きいマルチフィラメント糸との複合糸条を少なくとも経糸に用いた、平均比容積が5cm 3 /g以上のワイピングクロス。 1. A single yarn fineness is used in at least the warp of the composite yarn of larger multifilament yarn boiling water shrinkage of 10% or more than the false twisted yarn and the temporary twisted yarn than 0.5 denier, the average specific volume 5cm 3 / g or more of the wiping cloth.
JP8159791A 1991-03-20 1991-03-20 Wiping cloth Pending JPH05245089A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP8159791A JPH05245089A (en) 1991-03-20 1991-03-20 Wiping cloth

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP8159791A JPH05245089A (en) 1991-03-20 1991-03-20 Wiping cloth

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH05245089A true true JPH05245089A (en) 1993-09-24

Family

ID=13750730

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP8159791A Pending JPH05245089A (en) 1991-03-20 1991-03-20 Wiping cloth

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH05245089A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002191537A (en) * 2000-12-26 2002-07-09 Kuraray Co Ltd Wiper
JP2009007705A (en) * 2007-06-28 2009-01-15 Teijin Fibers Ltd Extrafine two-layer structured yarn and wiping cloth made thereof
JP5938117B1 (en) * 2015-03-17 2016-06-22 エヌ・ティ・ティ・アドバンステクノロジ株式会社 Optical connector cleaning tool

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002191537A (en) * 2000-12-26 2002-07-09 Kuraray Co Ltd Wiper
JP4592948B2 (en) * 2000-12-26 2010-12-08 株式会社クラレ Windshield wiper
JP2009007705A (en) * 2007-06-28 2009-01-15 Teijin Fibers Ltd Extrafine two-layer structured yarn and wiping cloth made thereof
JP5938117B1 (en) * 2015-03-17 2016-06-22 エヌ・ティ・ティ・アドバンステクノロジ株式会社 Optical connector cleaning tool
WO2016147742A1 (en) * 2015-03-17 2016-09-22 エヌ・ティ・ティ・アドバンステクノロジ株式会社 Optical connector cleaning tool

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