JP6508959B2 - Demolition system and demolition method - Google Patents

Demolition system and demolition method Download PDF

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Publication number
JP6508959B2
JP6508959B2 JP2015023569A JP2015023569A JP6508959B2 JP 6508959 B2 JP6508959 B2 JP 6508959B2 JP 2015023569 A JP2015023569 A JP 2015023569A JP 2015023569 A JP2015023569 A JP 2015023569A JP 6508959 B2 JP6508959 B2 JP 6508959B2
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crane
support column
reaction force
existing
floor
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JP2016145497A (en
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英樹 市原
英樹 市原
清志 矢島
清志 矢島
誠 萱嶋
誠 萱嶋
正浩 石橋
正浩 石橋
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大成建設株式会社
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  The present invention relates to, for example, a demolition system for demolishing an existing building, and a demolition method using the demolition system.
Conventionally, dismantling of a building is performed on the grounds of deterioration of facilities and a frame.
As a method of dismantling a building, there are the following methods.
For example, there is a method of installing a mast along the existing building from the ground surface, attaching a tower crane to the mast, and unloading the demolition material by the tower crane. In this case, the mast is temporarily fixed to the structure of the existing building, and is lifted down as the building is disassembled (see Patent Document 1).
  However, when a tower crane is used along the existing building from the ground surface, it is necessary to construct a large mast from the ground surface to the top floor, so dismantling work becomes large and construction costs increase. There was a problem.
In order to solve this problem, for example, a crane is installed on the existing floor of the top floor of the existing building, and while lifting down a part of the existing floor on which the crane is installed along the existing column, the crane The dismantling method to dismantle an existing building is proposed.
In this dismantling method, when lifting up the existing floor on which the crane is installed, a reaction force member is attached to the existing column, a reaction force is applied to the reaction force member, and the existing floor on which the crane is installed is suspended. This dismantling method eliminates the need for a large mast and can reduce construction costs.
JP, 2010-255374, A
  However, in the above dismantling method, when dismantling the existing column, it is necessary to temporarily lift the reaction force member and temporarily place it at a position away from the existing column to be dismantled. Therefore, there is a problem that the process is prolonged.
  An object of the present invention is to provide a disassembling system and a disassembling method capable of disassembling an existing structure in a short construction period.
  The disassembling system (for example, the disassembling system 2 described later) according to claim 1 is a disassembling system for disassembling the existing structure, and the existing floor (for example, the roof floor described later) of the existing structure For example, a support column which is a crane installation floor (for example, a crane installation floor 20 described later) including a part of the below-mentioned existing floor 14) and an existing pillar (for example, an existing pillar 11 described below) supporting the crane installation floor (For example, a support column 11A described later, a crane installed on the crane installation floor (for example, a crane 30 described later), an elevator for lowering the crane installation floor along the support column (for example Lifting device 40), and the lifting device includes a reaction force member (for example, a reaction force member 41 described later) attached to the upper end of the support column, and a suspension material attached to the reaction force member For example, a hanging member 42 described later, a locking device (for example, a locking device 43 described later) which is provided on the crane installation floor and can be locked to the support column, and provided in the locking device. A lifting jack (for example, a lifting jack 44 described later) for pulling a hanging material, and the reaction force member includes a pair of reaction beams (for example, a reaction beam 60 described below) provided substantially parallel to each other; A connection beam (for example, connection beam 61 described later) connecting the pair of reaction beams, and a pair of slide beams movable along the reaction beam and capable of abutting on the upper surface and the side surface of the support column (For example, a slide beam 62 described later).
  According to the present invention, a crane installation floor is provided including a part of the existing floor on a predetermined floor of the existing structure, and the crane is installed on the crane installation floor with the existing column supporting the crane installation floor as a support column. Next, a crane is used to disassemble the portion of the predetermined floor excluding the crane installation floor and the support columns. Next, the crane installation floor is lowered along the support column, and then the top of the support column is removed. By repeating these steps, the crane is lifted down using the existing floor and existing columns of the existing structure to disassemble the existing structure.
Here, the elevating device is configured to include the reaction force member, the suspension member, the locking device, and the elevation jack, and the reaction force member is configured to include the reaction force beam, the connection beam, and the slide beam. Then, when disassembling the upper portion of the support column, the crane lifts the reaction force member of the lifting device, moves the slide beam of this reaction force member to the outside, and pulls it away from the upper surface and the side surface of the support pillar. The reaction force member is suspended and placed on the locking device.
Therefore, since the reaction force member can be temporarily placed immediately below the support column to be disassembled, it is not necessary to temporarily place the reaction force member away from the support column as in the conventional case, and disassembly can be performed in a short construction period.
  In the disassembling system according to claim 2, the pair of slide beams each include a cylindrical pipe (for example, a pipe 661 described later) extending in the vertical direction, and the pipes of the slide beams are vertically stacked. , And a connecting pin (for example, a connecting pin 53 described later) can be inserted.
In the present invention, cylindrical pipes extending in the vertical direction are provided in each of the pair of slide beams, and the connection pins can be inserted while the pipes of the slide beams are stacked vertically.
Therefore, even if the crane installation floor is suspended and supported from the reaction force member attached to the upper end of the support column, the slide beams are connected by the connection pins, so the slide beams fall over while maintaining the distance between the slide beams. It can prevent and can take reaction force from a support pillar stably.
  In the disassembling system according to claim 3, the reaction force member can be suspended and supported by the crane via a reaction force member suspending jig (for example, a reaction force member suspending jig 45 described later). The reaction force member hanging jig includes a hanging jig main body (for example, a hanging jig main body 51 described later) which is supported by being suspended by the crane, the hanging jig main body, and the reaction force member. And a connection pin (for example, connection pin 53 described later) supported by suspending from the suspension jig main body, and the connection The pin is inserted into the pipe of the slide beam.
  According to this invention, since the connection pin is suspended and supported by the reaction force member hanging jig, the connection pin is pulled out of the pipe of the slide beam only by lifting the reaction force member hanging jig with a crane, and the slide beam Can be moved. Therefore, the work of moving the slide beam becomes easy.
  The disassembling method according to claim 4 is a disassembling method of disassembling an existing structure using the disassembling system described above, including a part of the existing floor on a predetermined floor of the existing structure as a crane installation floor, A first step (for example, step S1 described later) of installing a crane on the crane installation floor with an existing pillar supporting the crane installation floor as a support column, and a second step (for example, step S2), a third step (for example, step S3 described later) of disassembling a portion of the predetermined floor excluding the crane installation floor and the support column using the crane (e.g., step S3 described later), and an elevator jack of the elevator A fourth step (for example, steps S4 and S5 described below) of moving the crane installation floor down along the The force member is lifted, the slide beam of the reaction force member is moved to pull it away from the upper surface and the side surface of the support column, and in this state, the reaction force member is suspended and placed on the locking device. Five steps (for example, steps S6 and S11 to S13 described below), a sixth step (for example, steps S6 and S14 to be described later) for removing the upper portion of the support column, and lifting the reaction force member with the crane An eighth step of moving the slide beam to abut on the upper surface and the side surface of the support column (e.g., steps S6 and S15 to S17 described later) and an eighth step of repeating the third to seventh steps For example, it is characterized by including the below-mentioned steps S7, S8 and S9).
  According to the present invention, when disassembling the upper portion of the support column, the reaction force member is suspended and placed on the locking device. Therefore, since the reaction force member can be temporarily placed immediately below the support column to be disassembled, it is not necessary to temporarily place the reaction force member away from the support column as in the conventional case, and disassembly can be performed in a short construction period.
It is a top view of the existing building where the dismantling system concerning one embodiment of the present invention was applied. It is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of the existing building which concerns on the said embodiment. It is an enlarged plan view of the dismantling system concerning the embodiment. It is an enlarged longitudinal cross-sectional view of the disassembling system which concerns on the said embodiment. It is a side view of the rise-and-fall device of the dismantling system concerning the embodiment. It is a top view of the raising / lowering apparatus of the disassembly system which concerns on the said embodiment. It is AA sectional drawing of FIG. It is a BB sectional view of FIG. It is a side view of the slide beam of the dismantling system which concerns on the said embodiment. It is a top view of the reaction force member hanging jig of the dismantling system which concerns on the said embodiment. It is a side view of the reaction force member hanging jig concerning the embodiment. It is a side view and a front view of a punching device of a dismantling system concerning the embodiment. It is a flowchart of the procedure of dismantling an existing building by the dismantling system which concerns on the said embodiment. It is explanatory drawing (the 1) of the procedure which disassembles an existing building by the disassembly system which concerns on the said embodiment. It is explanatory drawing (the 2) of the procedure of dismantling the existing building by the dismantling system which concerns on the said embodiment. It is explanatory drawing (the 3) of the procedure of dismantling an existing building by the dismantling system which concerns on the said embodiment. It is explanatory drawing (the 4) of the procedure of dismantling an existing building by the dismantling system which concerns on the said embodiment. It is explanatory drawing (the 5) of the procedure which disassembles an existing building by the disassembly system which concerns on the said embodiment. It is explanatory drawing (the 6) of the procedure of dismantling an existing building by the dismantling system which concerns on the said embodiment. It is a flowchart of the procedure which transfers the reaction force member of the disassembly system which concerns on the said embodiment below. It is explanatory drawing of the procedure which transfers the reaction force member of the disassembly system which concerns on the said embodiment below.
Hereinafter, an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
The existing building 1 shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 is a building of n (n is a natural number) floor and has a square shape in plan view. Hereinafter, a direction along one side of the existing building 1 is taken as an X direction, and a direction substantially orthogonal to the X direction is taken as a Y direction.
The existing building 1 has a rigid frame structure, and comprises a plurality of steel-framed existing columns 11, a plurality of steel-framed existing beams 12, a plurality of steel-framed existing small beams 13 and an existing reinforced concrete floor 14. .
The existing building 1 is disassembled using the disassembling system 2 described below.
  The demolition system 2 shown in FIGS. 3 and 4 includes a crane installation floor 20 including a part of the existing floor 14 on the roof floor of the existing building 1, and support columns 11A which are the existing columns 11 supporting the crane installation floor 20. A crane 30 installed on the crane installation floor 20, a lifting device 40 for lowering the crane installation floor 20 along the support column 11A, and an external scaffold 50 installed around the existing building 1 (FIG. 1, FIG. 2 See) and.
The crane installation floor 20 has a size of 2 spans × 2 spans in the central portion of the roof floor of the existing building 1.
Specifically, the crane installation floor 20 extends from the existing beam 12A supporting the existing floor 14A having a size of 2 spans × 2 spans, the existing beam 14A, and supports the existing floor 14A. And the existing beam 13A.
  The support column 11A is a part of the existing column 11, and supports the crane installation floor 20. Specifically, the support columns 11A are located at the four corners of the crane installation floor 20.
The crane 30 includes a base 31, a crane body 32 pivotally supported by the base 31, a jib 33 pivotally supported by the crane body 32, and a hook suspended and supported at the tip of the jib 33. 34 and a hoisting device 35 provided on the crane body 32 for raising and lowering the hook 34 (see FIG. 1).
The working radius of the crane 30 (indicated by a solid line P in FIG. 1) accommodates the entire existing building 1.
A pair of large pulling members 21 of H-shaped steel are placed on the crane installation floor 20, and between the pair of large pulling members 21 are a pair substantially orthogonal to the pair of large pulling members 21. The joist 22 is placed.
Specifically, the pair of large pull members 21 extend substantially parallel to each other along the X direction, and are bridged between the existing beams 12A that connect the support columns 11A.
The pair of joists 22 extend substantially in parallel with each other along the Y direction, and are bridged between the pair of large pulling members 21. The pair of joists 22 can travel in the X direction along the pair of large pull members 21.
The base 31 of the crane 30 is installed on the pair of joist 22, and the base 31 of the crane 30 can travel in the Y direction along the joist 22.
  Thus, since the base 31 of the crane 30 is movable in the Y direction along the joist 22 and the pair of joists 22 can travel in the X direction along the pair of large pull members 21, The crane 30 is movable in the X and Y directions on the crane installation floor 20.
  As shown also in FIG. 4, the lifting device 40 shown in FIGS. 5 to 8 includes a reaction force member 41 attached to the upper end of the support column 11A, a suspension member 42 attached to the reaction force member 41, and a crane A locking device 43 provided on the installation floor 20 and capable of locking to the support column 11A, and a lifting jack 44 provided on the locking device 43 and pulling the suspension material 42 are provided.
The reaction force member 41 is movable along the reaction force beam 60, a pair of reaction force beams 60 provided substantially parallel to each other, a connecting beam 61 connecting both ends of the pair of reaction force beams 60, and And a pair of slide beams 62 capable of abutting on the upper surface and the side surface of the support column 11A.
The reaction beam 60 is formed by arranging a pair of channel steels 601 back to back and connecting them with a plate 602. In the center of the reaction beam 60 in the longitudinal direction, a fixing head 603 to which the hanging material 42 is fixed is provided. The reaction beam 60 and the connection beam 61 are connected in a rectangular frame shape.
  The slide beam 62 shown in FIG. 9 includes a long slide beam main body 63 provided across the pair of reaction beams 60, and a centering guide 64 provided on the lower surface of the slide beam main body 63. The slide beam main body 63 is provided with a pair of engaging portions 65 provided on the upper surface at both ends in the longitudinal direction, and a pair of pipe brackets 66 provided protruding from both ends in the longitudinal direction of the slide beam main body 63.
  The centering guide 64 includes an abutment portion 641 that abuts on the side surface of the support column 11A, and a guide main body 642 that supports the abutment portion 641.
  The slide beam main body 63 is an H-shaped steel, and the lower flange of the slide beam main body 63 is formed with an elongated hole 631 extending along the length direction. The guide main body 642 of the centering guide 64 is fixed to the elongated hole 631 with a bolt. Thereby, the position of the centering guide 64 can be adjusted within the range of the length of the long hole 631 in accordance with the size of the support column 11A.
  The slide beam main body 63 is placed on the support column 11A, and the lower flange of the slide beam main body 63 abuts on the upper surface of the support column 11A.
  The engagement portion 65 is attached to the upper surface of the upper flange of the slide beam main body 63. A gap is formed between the engaging portion 65 and the upper flange of the slide beam main body 63, and the lower flange of the grooved steel 601 outside the slide beam 62 is sandwiched in the gap. Thus, the slide beam 62 can slide along the outer channel steel 601 of the reaction beam 60.
The pipe bracket 66 includes a vertically extending cylindrical pipe 661 and a support piece 662 for supporting the pipe 661 from the slide beam body 63.
In the pair of slide beams 62, the height position of the pipe 661 is different, whereby the pipes 661 are stacked vertically and arranged in a state where the pair of slide beams 62 are separated by a predetermined distance with the suspending member 42 interposed therebetween. It is supposed to be
  The above reaction force member 41 can be suspended by the crane 30 via the reaction force member lifting jig 45.
The reaction force member lifting jig 45 shown in FIGS. 10 and 11 has a predetermined length for connecting the rectangular frame-shaped hanging jig body 51, the four corners of the hanging jig body 51, and the four corners of the reaction force member 41. And a connection pin 53 suspended and supported from the suspension jig main body 51.
The connecting pin 53 is inserted into the pipe 661 of the slide beam 62, whereby the pair of slide beams 62 maintain a distance from one another.
Referring back to FIGS. 3 and 4, a through hole 23 is formed around the support column 11A of the existing floor 14A of the crane installation floor 20 (panel zone).
The locking device 43 is provided in the through hole 23 of the crane installation floor 20, and has a rectangular frame shape surrounding the support column 11A.
As shown in FIG. 5, the locking device 43 includes a cross beam 70 disposed below the existing beam 12A associated with the support column 11A, and a load beam disposed above the existing beam 12A associated with the support column 11A. And 80 connecting members 90 which connect the cross beam 70 and the loading beam 80.
  As shown in FIG. 7, the planer beam 70 has a rectangular frame-shaped planer beam main body 71, a planer device 72 provided at four corners of the planer beam main body 71 to project the planer 721 toward the inside, and the planer beam main body And an anti-vibration guide 73 provided at two locations on the upper surface of the guide 71 to project and retract the guide portion 732 toward the inside.
The pin-off device 72 shown in FIG. 12 is for causing the pin 721 to protrude and to be locked to the beam joint portion 15 of the support column 11A.
The barrel device 72 includes a barrel 721 provided so as to be able to be stored in the barrel beam body 71, and a hydraulic jack 722 for projecting and retracting the barrel 721.
The base end side of the hydraulic jack 722 is supported by a pin 723 so as to be rotatable in a horizontal direction as a rotation axis by the bolt body 71. As a result, it is possible to follow the vertical and horizontal swings of the yoke 721 to some extent.
As shown in FIG. 7, the anti-vibration guides 73 are provided at mutually opposing positions of the cross beam main body 71, and the guide portions 732 are brought into contact with the two projecting corner portions located on the diagonal of the support column 11A , And guides the elevation of the locking device 43 along the support column 11A.
The anti-vibration guide 73 is interposed between a guide main body 731 fixed to the cross beam main body 71, a guide portion 732 slidably provided on the guide main body 731, and the guide main body 731 and the guide portion 732. And the backfill block 733.
In the steady rest guide 73, the projection dimension of the guide portion 732 can be adjusted in accordance with the size of the support column 11A by changing the thickness of the backfill block 733.
  The loading beam 80 has a rectangular frame shape as shown in FIG. An angle steel 81 is welded and fixed to the upper surface of the existing beam 12A, and the angle steel 81 is locked to the inward corner portion of the load beam 80.
  The connecting member 90 includes a fixing plate 91 provided on the lower surface of the hole beam main body 71 of the hole beam 70, a fixing plate 92 provided on the upper surface of the load beam 80, and a predetermined tension is introduced to fix the fixing plate 91. And PC steel wire 93 connecting the plate 92.
  According to the lifting device 40 described above, the lifting jack 44 is driven to pull the suspending member 42 with a predetermined force, thereby suspending the crane installation floor 20 from the supporting column 11A and supporting the support column 11A. You can move up and down.
  Moreover, the external scaffold 50 is a frame scaffold laminated | stacked in multiple steps from the ground surface, and is constructed so that the existing building 1 may be surrounded.
Hereinafter, the procedure of dismantling the existing building 1 will be specifically described with reference to the flowchart of FIG.
In step S1, as shown in FIG. 14, the crane 30 is installed on the roof floor.
First, an external scaffold 50 is constructed around the existing building 1. Next, the existing penthouse 3 on the roof floor of the existing building 1 is dismantled, and a large pulling material 21 and a joist 22 are placed on the existing floor 14 on the roof floor, and a crane is placed on the joist 22 Install 30
In step S2, as shown in FIG. 15, the lifting device 40 is attached to the roof floor.
As also shown in FIG. 12, a through hole 23 is formed in the existing floor 14 around the existing column 11 that is to be the support column 11A, and the locking device 43 and the lifting jack 44 are attached to the through hole 23.
Further, a temporary column 46 having a predetermined height is installed immediately above the existing column 11 to be the support column 11A, and a reaction force member 41 is attached on the temporary column 46. The reaction force member 41 and the lifting jack 44 Are connected by a hanging material 42.
In step S3, as shown in FIG. 16, the existing building 1 is disassembled into two layers from the roof floor, except for the crane installation floor 20 and the support columns 11A.
A disassembly material is unloaded by a crane 30 while disassembling with the disassembly machine 47 by lifting the disassembly machine 47 on the roof floor. At this time, the beam joint portion 15 protruding from the n-th floor support pillar 11A is left. Moreover, according to the progress of dismantling construction, the external scaffolding 50 is dismantled suitably.
In step S4, the crane installation floor 20 is supported by the support columns 11A.
The existing beam 12A of the crane installation floor 20 corresponding to the support column 11A is cut, and the edge between the crane installation floor 20 and the support column 11A is cut. Thus, the crane installation floor 20 is suspended and supported from the support column 11A via the lifting device 40.
In step S5, the crane installation floor 20 is lifted down as shown in FIG. The lift jacks 44 of the lift device 40 are driven to lower the crane installation floor 20 along the support columns 11A. At this time, the steady motion guide 73 descends along the side surface of the support column 11A, thereby preventing displacement of the crane installation floor 20 relative to the support column 11A.
Then, the yoke 721 of the locking device 43 is locked to the beam joint portion 15 of the nth floor of the support column 11A. Thus, the crane installation floor 20 is supported by the n floor level of the support column 11A.
In step S6, as shown in FIG. 18, the reaction force member 41 is moved downward by one layer.
The reaction force member 41 is lifted and removed by the crane 30, and then the upper portions of the temporary column 46 and the support column 11A are cut and removed, and thereafter, the reaction force member 41 is mounted on the remaining support column 11A.
The operation of this step S6 will be described in detail later.
In step S7, as shown in FIG. 19, the existing building 1 is disassembled into one layer, except for the support column 11A.
The dismantling material is unloaded by the crane 30 while disassembling with the anti-weighting machine 47. At this time, the beam joint portion 15 protruding from the (n-1) floor support column 11A is left. Moreover, according to the progress of dismantling construction, the external scaffolding 50 is dismantled suitably.
In step S8, as shown in FIG. 19, the crane installation floor 20 is supported by the support column 11A.
The elevator jacks 44 are driven to raise the crane installation floor 20 slightly along the support columns 11A to suspend and support the crane installation floor 20 from the support columns 11A. In this state, the rod 721 of the locking device 43 is retracted.
  In step S9, steps S5 to S8 are repeated.
Hereinafter, the operation of step S6 will be described with reference to the flowchart of FIG.
In step S11, the reaction force member lifting jig 45 is lifted by the crane 30. Specifically, the lifting jig body 51 is lifted by the crane 30. Then, as shown in FIG. 21, the connection pin 53 of the reaction force member lifting jig 45 is pulled out of the pipe 661 of the slide beam 62, and the pair of slide beams 62 can move. Further, the reaction force member 41 is suspended and supported via the suspension wire 52.
In step S12, as shown by the black arrows in FIG. 21, the pair of slide beams 62 are moved outward. Specifically, the pulleys 604 are attached to both ends of the reaction beam 60 of the reaction member 41, and the pair of slide beams 62 are pulled outward using a lever block (registered trademark) or the like. Thus, the contact portion 641 of the centering guide 64 separates from the side surface of the support column 11A, and the lower surface of the slide beam 62 separates from the upper surface of the support column 11A.
In step S13, the reaction force member 41 is lowered directly below by the crane 30 and placed on the load beam 80 of the locking device 43, as indicated by the white arrow in FIG. At this time, the support post 11A is inserted into the inside of the reaction force member 41.
In step S14, the temporary column 46 is removed, and the upper portion of the support column 11A is cut and removed.
In step S15, the reaction force member lifting jig 45 is lifted by the crane 30, and the reaction force member 41 is positioned immediately above the support column 11A.
In step S16, the pair of slide beams 62 are moved inward, and the pipes 661 of the slide beams 62 are overlapped and disposed. As a result, the contact portion 641 of the centering guide 64 contacts the side surface of the support column 11A, and the lower surface of the slide beam 62 contacts the upper surface of the support column 11A.
  In step S17, the reaction force member lifting jig 45 is suspended by the crane 30 and placed on the reaction force member 41. At this time, the connection pin 53 of the reaction force member lifting jig 45 is inserted into the pipe 661 of the slide beam 62. Thus, the reaction force member 41 is mounted on the remaining support column 11A.
According to the present embodiment, the following effects can be obtained.
(1) Since the reaction force member 41 can be temporarily placed immediately below the support column 11A to be disassembled, it is not necessary to temporarily place the reaction force member 41 at a position away from the support column to be disassembled as in the prior art. Can disassemble the structure.
  (2) Even if the reaction force member 41 is attached to the upper end of the support column 11A and the crane installation floor 20 is suspended and supported from the reaction force member 41, the slide beams 62 are connected by the connection pin 53, so the slide beam While maintaining the distance between the two, it is possible to prevent the slide beam 62 from tipping over and to stably take a reaction force from the support column 11A.
  (3) The connection pin 53 is pulled out of the pipe 661 of the slide beam 62 only by lifting the reaction force member lifting jig 45 with a crane, and the slide beam 62 can be moved. Therefore, the moving operation of the slide beam 62 becomes easy.
The present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment, and modifications, improvements, and the like as long as the object of the present invention can be achieved are included in the present invention.
For example, in the present embodiment, the base 31 of the crane 30 is directly installed on the crane installation floor 20 via the large pulling member 21 and the joist 22. However, the present invention is not limited thereto. A small mast may be installed and the base 31 of the crane 30 may be installed at the top of the small mast.
  Further, in the present embodiment, in step S3, the existing building 1 is disassembled into two layers from the roof floor, and in step S4, the crane installation floor 20 is supported by the support pillars 11A. For example, in step S3, the existing building 1 may be disassembled for one layer from the roof floor, and in step S4, the crane installation floor 20 may be supported by the support columns 11A, and the existing building 1 may be disassembled in one layer. Alternatively, in step S3, the crane installation floor 20 may be supported by the support columns 11A, and in step S4, the existing building 1 may be disassembled into two layers from the roof floor.
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... existing building (existing structure), 2 ... dismantling system, 3 ... penthouse 11 ... existing pillar, 11A ... support pillar 12, 12A ... existing beam, 13, 13A ... existing small beam 14, 14A ... existing floor, 15 ... Beam joint 20: Crane installation floor, 21: large pulling material, 22: joist material, 23: through hole 30: crane, 31: base, 32: crane main body 33: jib, 34: hook, 35: hoisting device 40 Lifting device 41 Reaction force member 42 Hanging material 43 Locking device
44: lifting jack, 45: reaction force member lifting jig, 46: temporary column, 47: weight lifting machine 50: external scaffolding, 51: jig body, 52: suspension wire, 53: connection pin 60, reaction force beam, DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 61 ... Connection beam 62 ... Slide beam, 63 ... Slide beam main body 64 ... Guide, 65 ... Engagement part, 66 ... Pipe bracket 70 ... Pivot beam, 71 ... Beam main body, 72 ... Pivot apparatus, 73 ... Anti-vibration guide 80 ... Loading beam 81 Angle steel 90 Connection member 91 Fixing plate 92 Fixing plate 93 PC steel wire 601 Channel steel 602 Plate 603 Fixing head 604 Pulley 631 Long hole 641: Abutment portion, 642: Guide main body 661: Pipe, 662: Support piece 721: Pinhole, 722: Hydraulic jack, 723: Pin 731: Guide main body, 732: Guide portion, 733: Back loading Click P ... crane working radius

Claims (4)

  1. Dismantling system for dismantling existing structures,
    A crane installation floor including a part of an existing floor on a predetermined floor of an existing structure, a support column which is an existing pillar supporting the crane installation floor, a crane installed on the crane installation floor, and the crane installation floor And elevating means for lowering the support along the support column,
    The elevating device is provided with a reaction force member attached to the upper end of the support column, a suspending member attached to the reaction force member, and a locking device provided on the crane installation floor and capable of being locked to the support column And an elevating jack provided on the locking device to pull the suspension.
    The reaction force member is capable of moving along a pair of reaction beams substantially parallel to each other, a connection beam connecting the pair of reaction beams, and the upper surface of the support column along the reaction beam. And a pair of slide beams capable of abutting on side surfaces ,
    The locking device comprises a tapping device arranged below the crane installation floor,
    The dismantling system according to the present invention is characterized in that the bolt device projects and retracts a lock that can be locked to the beam joint portion of the support column .
  2. Each of the pair of slide beams includes a vertically extending cylindrical pipe.
    The disassembling system according to claim 1, wherein the connection pin can be inserted in a state in which the pipes of the slide beams are stacked one on top of the other.
  3. It further comprises a reaction force member lifting jig capable of suspending and supporting the reaction force member by the crane ,
    The reaction force member suspension jig includes a suspension jig main body suspended and supported by the crane, a suspension wire having a predetermined length for connecting the suspension jig main body and the reaction force member, and the suspension And a connecting pin suspended from the lowering jig body,
    The disassembling system according to claim 2, wherein the connection pin is inserted into a pipe of the slide beam.
  4. A dismantling method for dismantling an existing structure using the dismantling system according to any one of claims 1 to 3,
    A first step of installing a crane on the crane installation floor, including a part of the existing floor on a predetermined floor of the existing structure as a crane installation floor and using an existing column supporting the crane installation floor as a support column;
    A second step of attaching the lifting device;
    Using the crane, and a third step of dismantling the crane installation floor of the predetermined floor, before Symbol support posts, and a portion excluding the beam joint portion of the support column,
    The hook of the locking device is retracted and the lifting jack of the lifting device is driven to lower the crane installation floor along the support column, and then the hook of the locking device is protruded to support the support column A fourth step of locking the beam joint portion of
    The reaction force member of the lifting device is lifted by the crane, the slide beam of the reaction force member is moved and pulled away from the upper surface and the side surface of the support column, and in this state, the reaction force member is suspended and the locking A fifth step of mounting on the apparatus;
    A sixth step of removing the upper portion of the support column;
    A seventh step of lifting the reaction force member by the crane and moving the slide beam to abut on the upper surface and the side surface of the support column;
    And an eighth step of repeating the third to seventh steps.
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JPH07122288B2 (en) * 1988-03-12 1995-12-25 道夫 倉持 Assembly and dismantling method of multi-story building using self-lifting jack-up device
JPH05209465A (en) * 1992-01-30 1993-08-20 Fujita Corp Climbing method and device of rod for suspension lifting in lift up process
JPH05280199A (en) * 1992-04-01 1993-10-26 Fujita Corp Climbing method for lift-up suspension rod in lift-up construction method

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