JP6482026B2 - Building material plate holding member and building material plate holding structure - Google Patents

Building material plate holding member and building material plate holding structure Download PDF

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JP6482026B2
JP6482026B2 JP2015184602A JP2015184602A JP6482026B2 JP 6482026 B2 JP6482026 B2 JP 6482026B2 JP 2015184602 A JP2015184602 A JP 2015184602A JP 2015184602 A JP2015184602 A JP 2015184602A JP 6482026 B2 JP6482026 B2 JP 6482026B2
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building material
steel
holding member
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holding
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舩木 元旦
元旦 舩木
和倫 西田
和倫 西田
清水 信行
信行 清水
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元旦ビューティ工業株式会社
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本発明は、屋根の骨組として用いられる鋼材(屋根母屋)に装着されて天井板や化粧板等の建材板を容易に且つ確実に型枠間に保持し、建材板の取付けも簡単に行なうことができる建材板保持部材、及び建材板保持構造に関する。   The present invention is attached to a steel material (roof purlin) used as a framework of a roof, and easily and surely holds building material plates such as a ceiling plate and a decorative plate between molds, and easily attaches the building material plates. The present invention relates to a building material plate holding member and a building material plate holding structure.

各種の鉄骨造の建築構造として、勾配を付けて配置したH型鋼等の垂木の上に、C型鋼からなる複数の屋根母屋を軒棟方向に平行に固定し、これら屋根母屋の上部に屋根下地材を敷設して取付ける構造が知られている。
一方、特に大型の建築物においては、室内側に屋根母屋を構成する溝形鋼やC型鋼が、露出することになるため、見栄えが悪くなる。このため、屋根裏の見栄えを向上する目的で、或いは断熱性を向上する目的で、様々な提案がなされている。
As various steel-framed construction structures, multiple roof purlins made of C-shaped steel are fixed in parallel to the eaves on top of rafters such as H-shaped steel that are arranged with a gradient, and the roof basement is located above these roof purlins. A structure in which a material is laid and attached is known.
On the other hand, especially in a large-sized building, since the grooved steel and C-shaped steel constituting the roof purlin are exposed on the indoor side, the appearance is deteriorated. For this reason, various proposals have been made for the purpose of improving the appearance of the attic or for the purpose of improving the heat insulation.

例えば特許文献1には、溝型鋼に固定される第1保持部材と、該第1保持部材に取り付ける化粧ホルダーとからなる建材保持部材が提案されている。なお、この特許文献1における化粧ホルダーは、必須の部材であるから、第2保持部材というべき部材である。
この提案における前記第1保持部材は、第1建材の上面に当接する第1挟持片を備える構成であり、前記化粧ホルダーは、前記第1建材の下面に当接して当該第1建材を前記第1挟持片に向かう厚さ方向に押圧する第2挟持片と、前記溝形鋼の開口部に挿入した前記第2建材の端部を厚さ方向から挟持する第3挟持片と、を備えている。
For example, Patent Document 1 proposes a building material holding member including a first holding member fixed to a grooved steel and a decorative holder attached to the first holding member. In addition, since the makeup | decoration holder in this patent document 1 is an essential member, it is a member which should be called a 2nd holding member.
The first holding member in this proposal is configured to include a first clamping piece that contacts the upper surface of the first building material, and the decorative holder contacts the lower surface of the first building material and causes the first building material to move to the first building material. A second sandwiching piece that presses in the thickness direction toward the one sandwiching piece; and a third sandwiching piece that sandwiches the end of the second building material inserted into the opening of the channel steel from the thickness direction. Yes.

特許公報第5561650号Japanese Patent No. 5561650

しかしながら、前記特許文献1の構造では、「建材」の配設方法が「ウェブ2aの外周に向けて第1建材11aの端部を配置するとともに、屋根母屋2Aの開口部2dに第2建材11bの端部を挿入し」としか記載されていないが、その図4等から建材11aの端部は、係止部12cに干渉しない程度に短いサイズからなると想定される。しかし、干渉しないで斜めから下方からの差込、回転で配置された建材11aの右端は、どこにも支持されていないため、化粧ホルダー13の取付前にあっては建材11aが脱落する恐れの高いものであった。
また、特にこの特許文献1に示される溝形鋼(C型鋼)は、配設ピッチに誤差が生じやすい部材であり、取付ピッチが狭いと係止部が干渉して建材が入らなかったり、逆に広いと隙間がより大きくなり、化粧カバー取付時まで作業者が抑えていなければならないという問題を有していた。しかも、そうした抑えながらの作業の場合、建材の配設、化粧ホルダーの取り付けを交互に行うことになり、極めて作業効率の悪いものとなっていた。
さらに、化粧ホルダーを建材より長尺とした場合には、その長さ分の建材を全て配設するまで化粧ホルダーの取付が行えないことになり、より作業性が悪くなるものであった。
However, in the structure of Patent Document 1, the “building material” is arranged in such a manner that “the end of the first building material 11a is arranged toward the outer periphery of the web 2a, and the second building material 11b is disposed in the opening 2d of the roof purlin 2A. However, from FIG. 4 and the like, it is assumed that the end portion of the building material 11a has a size that is short enough not to interfere with the locking portion 12c. However, since the right end of the building material 11a that is arranged obliquely from below and inserted and rotated without interference is not supported anywhere, the building material 11a is likely to drop out before the decorative holder 13 is attached. It was a thing.
In particular, the grooved steel (C-type steel) shown in Patent Document 1 is a member in which an error is easily generated in the arrangement pitch. If the mounting pitch is narrow, the locking portion interferes and the building material does not enter. If it is too wide, the gap becomes larger, which has a problem that the operator has to hold down until the decorative cover is attached. Moreover, in the case of such restraining work, the placement of the building materials and the attachment of the decorative holder are performed alternately, and the work efficiency is extremely poor.
Further, when the makeup holder is made longer than the building material, the makeup holder cannot be attached until all the building materials for that length are arranged, and the workability becomes worse.

そこで、本発明は、屋根の骨組として用いられる鋼材(屋根母屋)に装着されて天井板や化粧板等の建材板を容易に且つ確実に型枠間に保持し、建材板の取付けも簡単に行なうことができる建材板保持部材、及び建材板保持構造を提案することを目的とする。   Therefore, the present invention is mounted on a steel material (roof purlin) used as a framework of the roof, and easily and reliably holds building material plates such as a ceiling plate and a decorative plate between the formwork, and mounting of the building material plates is also easy. It aims at proposing the building material board holding member and building material board holding structure which can be performed.

本発明は、上記に鑑み提案されたものであって、下フランジを備える複数の型鋼からなる母屋に対して取り付けて建材板を型鋼間に保持することができる建材板保持部材であって、型鋼の下フランジに取り付けられる取付部と、該取付部の上方に位置して側方が開放する溝状部を備える包持部と、を有してなり、前記包持部は、溝状部が弾性に抗して拡開可能であって、且つ弾性に抗して溝状部が型鋼側へ傾倒可能であることを特徴とする建材板保持部材(以下、単に保持部材という)を提案するものである。
なお、本発明の保持部材は、建材板の一方の端部を包持する部材であるが、他方の端部は、隣り合う型鋼に突き合わせ状に支持させてもよいし、この保持部材自体に他方の端部を突き合わせ状に支持する支持部を設ける(以下、この構成を有する場合を第2の態様という)ようにしてもよい。
The present invention has been proposed in view of the above, and is a building material plate holding member that can be attached to a purlin made of a plurality of mold steels having a lower flange to hold the building material plates between the mold steels. A mounting portion that is attached to the lower flange, and a holding portion that is located above the mounting portion and that has a groove-like portion that opens laterally. The holding portion includes a groove-like portion. Proposing a building material plate holding member (hereinafter simply referred to as a holding member) characterized in that it can be expanded against the elasticity and the grooved portion can be tilted toward the mold steel against the elasticity. It is.
In addition, although the holding member of the present invention is a member that wraps one end portion of the building material plate, the other end portion may be supported in abutting manner on an adjacent steel plate, or the holding member itself You may make it provide the support part which supports the other edge part in abutting form (henceforth the case where it has this structure is called a 2nd aspect).

さらに、本発明は、前記保持部材にて建材板の一方の端部を包持し、建材板の他方の端部を、型鋼に沿う縦片部と、該縦片部の下端から型鋼の下フランジと逆方向に延在する支持片部とを備える補助部材で突き合わせ状に支持することを特徴とする建材板保持構造(以下、単に保持構造という)をも提案するものである。   Further, according to the present invention, the holding member wraps one end portion of the building material plate, and the other end portion of the building material plate includes a vertical piece portion along the shape steel, and a lower end of the vertical piece portion. The present invention also proposes a building material board holding structure (hereinafter simply referred to as a holding structure) characterized in that it is supported in an abutting manner by an auxiliary member having a flange and a supporting piece portion extending in the opposite direction.

また、本発明は、前記保持構造において、型鋼の下フランジ及び保持部材の取付部を下方側から被覆することができる化粧カバーを取り付けていることを特徴とする保持構造をも提案する。   The present invention also proposes a holding structure in which a decorative cover capable of covering the lower flange of the steel plate and the mounting portion of the holding member from the lower side is attached in the holding structure.

本発明の保持部材は、天井材や化粧板等の建材板の端部を溝状部の弾性にて容易に且つ確実に包持することができ、溝状部が型鋼側へ傾倒することにより、建材板の長さ方向への位置調整をも可能にしたものである。そのため、建材板の他方の端部については、例えば隣り合う型鋼に突き合わせ状に支持させてもよい。   The holding member of the present invention can easily and surely hold the end of a building material plate such as a ceiling material or a decorative board by the elasticity of the groove-shaped portion, and the groove-shaped portion tilts toward the steel plate side. The position of the building material plate in the length direction can also be adjusted. For this reason, the other end of the building material plate may be supported in a butt-like manner, for example, on adjacent steel plates.

また、この保持部材には、型鋼を挟んで隣り合う建材板の他方の端部を突き合わせ状に支持する支持部を延設してもよく、この前記第2の態様では、この保持部材のみで、型鋼を挟んで隣り合う二枚の建材板の端部を包持、突き合わせ状に支持することができ、型鋼間に保持構造を構築できる。この場合には、少なくとも前記特許文献1における化粧ホルダーのような別部材を必須とするものではなく、また建材板の脱落や作業効率の悪さなどを生ずことなく、容易に且つ確実に建材板の端部を突き合わせ状に支持することができる。   Further, the holding member may be provided with a support portion that supports the other end portion of the adjacent building material plate with the mold steel interposed therebetween, and in the second aspect, only the holding member is provided. The end portions of the two building material plates adjacent to each other with the mold steel interposed therebetween can be held and supported in a butt shape, and a holding structure can be constructed between the mold steels. In this case, at least another member such as the decorative holder in Patent Document 1 is not indispensable, and the building material plate can be easily and reliably obtained without causing the falling of the building material plate or poor work efficiency. Can be supported in a butted manner.

さらに、建材板の他方の端部を、補助部材で突き合わせ状に支持する本発明の保持構造は、建材板の一方を包持する保持部材も、建材板の他方を突き合わせ状に支持する補助部材も、それぞれ独立して型鋼に取り付けることができ、相互に取付を制限することがないので、極めて容易に且つ確実に建材板を型鋼間に保持することができる。   Furthermore, the holding structure of the present invention that supports the other end portion of the building material board with the auxiliary member in abutting manner is the auxiliary member that holds the other side of the building material board in the abutting shape. However, each can be independently attached to the mold steel, and since the attachment is not restricted to each other, the building material plate can be held between the mold steels very easily and reliably.

また、型鋼の下フランジ及び保持部材の取付部を下方側から被覆することができる化粧カバーを取り付けている場合には、前記特許文献1のように化粧カバー自体に建材板を支持する作用を持たせていないので、この化粧カバーの配設前に建材板が脱落することもないし、保持部材の取付を制限することもない。   Further, when a decorative cover that can cover the lower flange of the steel plate and the mounting portion of the holding member from the lower side is attached, the decorative cover itself has an action of supporting the building material plate as in Patent Document 1. Therefore, the building material board does not fall off before the decorative cover is disposed, and the attachment of the holding member is not restricted.

(a)本発明の保持部材の一実施例(第1実施例)を示す斜視図、(b)その拡大斜視図、(c)C型鋼を示す斜視図、(d)化粧カバーを示す斜視図、(e)その正面図、(f)その(左)側面図、(g)補助部材を示す斜視図、(h)その正面図、(i)その(左)側面図、(j)C型鋼に補助部材を取り付けると共に建材板を配設した状態を示す斜視図である。(A) The perspective view which shows one Example (1st Example) of the holding member of this invention, (b) The expansion perspective view, (c) The perspective view which shows C-type steel, (d) The perspective view which shows a decorative cover (E) its front view, (f) its (left) side view, (g) a perspective view showing the auxiliary member, (h) its front view, (i) its (left) side view, (j) C-shaped steel It is a perspective view which shows the state which attached the auxiliary member to and attached the building material board. (a)第1実施例の保持構造の施工手順を示し、母屋を構成するC型鋼に保持部材と補助部材と化粧カバーを臨ませた状態を示す正面図、(b)C型鋼に保持部材と補助部材と化粧カバーを取り付けた後、端面が矩形状の建材板を臨ませて保持部材のを傾倒させた状態を示す正面図、(c)取り付け後の状態を示す正面図である。(A) The front view which shows the construction procedure of the holding structure of 1st Example, and shows the state which faced the holding member, the auxiliary member, and the decorative cover on C-type steel which comprises a purlin, (b) The holding member on C-type steel After attaching an auxiliary member and a decorative cover, it is a front view which shows the state which end faced the rectangular building material board and inclined the holding member, (c) It is a front view which shows the state after attachment. (a)第2実施例の保持構造の施工手順を示し、母屋を構成するC型鋼に保持部材と補助部材と化粧カバーを臨ませた状態を示す正面図、(b)C型鋼に第2実施例の保持部材と補助部材と化粧カバーを取り付けた後、端部が段差状の建材板を臨ませて保持部材の包持部を傾倒させた状態を示す正面図、(c)取り付け後の状態を示す正面図である。(A) Front view showing the construction procedure of the holding structure of the second embodiment, showing the holding member, the auxiliary member and the decorative cover facing the C-shaped steel constituting the purlin, (b) Second implementation on the C-shaped steel The front view which shows the state which attached the holding member of the example, the auxiliary member, and the decorative cover, and inclined the holding | maintenance part of the holding member by facing the stepped building material board, (c) The state after attachment FIG. (a)第3実施例の保持構造の施工手順を示し、母屋を構成するZ型鋼に保持部材と補助部材と化粧カバーを臨ませた状態を示す正面図、(b)Z型鋼に第2実施例の保持部材と補助部材と化粧カバーを取り付けた後、端部が段差状の建材板を臨ませて保持部材の包持部を傾倒させた状態を示す正面図、(c)取り付け後の状態を示す正面図である。(A) Front view showing the construction procedure of the holding structure of the third embodiment, showing the holding member, auxiliary member and decorative cover facing the Z-shaped steel constituting the purlin, (b) Second implementation on the Z-shaped steel The front view which shows the state which attached the holding member of the example, the auxiliary member, and the decorative cover, and inclined the holding | maintenance part of the holding member by facing the stepped building material board, (c) The state after attachment FIG. (a)本発明の保持部材の他の一実施例(第4実施例)を用いた建材板保持構造を示す正面図、(b)比較のために示した前記第1実施例の保持部材を用いた建材板保持構造を示す正面図である。(A) The front view which shows the building material board holding structure using other one Example (4th Example) of the holding member of this invention, (b) The holding member of the said 1st Example shown for the comparison. It is a front view which shows the used building material board holding structure. (a)本発明の保持部材の他の一実施例(第5実施例)を示す拡大正面図、(b)押さえ材を示す斜視図、(c)その拡大正面図、(d)それらを用いた建材板保持構造を示す正面図、(e)その要部を示す拡大正面図である。(A) Enlarged front view showing another embodiment (fifth embodiment) of the holding member of the present invention, (b) Perspective view showing the pressing member, (c) Enlarged front view, (d) Using them It is the front view which shows the building-material board holding structure which was, (e) It is an enlarged front view which shows the principal part. (a)本発明の保持部材の他の一実施例(第6実施例)を示す拡大正面図、(b)それを用いた建材板保持構造の要部を示す拡大正面図である。(A) An enlarged front view showing another example (sixth example) of the holding member of the present invention, (b) An enlarged front view showing a main part of a building material board holding structure using the holding member.

本発明の保持部材は、下フランジを備える複数の型鋼からなる母屋に対して取り付けて建材板の端部を包持することができる部材であって、型鋼の下フランジに取り付けられる取付部と、該取付部の上方に位置して側方が開放する溝状部を備える包持部と、を有してなり、前記包持部は、溝状部が弾性に抗して拡開可能であって、且つ弾性に抗して溝状部が型鋼側へ傾倒可能である。   The holding member of the present invention is a member that can be attached to a purlin made of a plurality of mold steels having a lower flange and can hold an end of a building material plate, and an attachment part that is attached to the lower flange of the mold steel; A holding portion provided with a groove-like portion that is located above the attachment portion and that opens laterally. The holding portion is capable of expanding the groove-like portion against elasticity. In addition, the groove-shaped portion can be tilted toward the mold steel against resistance.

なお、型鋼を挟んで隣り合う建材板の他方の端部を突き合わせ状に支持する支持部を延設してもよく、この第2の態様の保持部材は、この部材のみで、型鋼を挟んで隣り合う二枚の建材板の端部を包持、突き合わせ状に支持して保持構造を形成できる。この支持部は、型鋼の下フランジと逆方向に延在する(正確には下フランジが延在する方向と逆方向に延在する)。   In addition, you may extend the support part which supports the other edge part of an adjacent building material board on both sides of a shape steel, but the holding member of this 2nd aspect is only this member, and it sandwiches a shape steel. The holding structure can be formed by holding and supporting the ends of two adjacent building material plates in a butted manner. This support part extends in a direction opposite to the lower flange of the steel plate (exactly, in a direction opposite to the direction in which the lower flange extends).

また、前記保持部材を用いた本発明の保持構造は、建材板の一方の端部を保持部材にて包持し、建材板の他方の端部を、型鋼に沿う縦片部と、該縦片部の下端から型鋼の下フランジと逆方向に延在する支持片部とを備える補助部材で突き合わせ状に支持することを特徴とする。   The holding structure of the present invention using the holding member includes one end portion of the building material plate held by the holding member, and the other end portion of the building material plate is connected to the vertical piece portion along the shape steel and the vertical portion. It is characterized in that it is supported in an abutting manner by an auxiliary member comprising a supporting piece portion extending in the opposite direction from the lower flange of the steel plate from the lower end of the piece portion.

さらに、これらの保持構造では、型鋼の下フランジ及び保持部材の取付部を下方側から被覆することができる化粧カバーを取り付けていることが望ましい。   Further, in these holding structures, it is desirable to attach a decorative cover that can cover the lower flange of the steel plate and the mounting portion of the holding member from below.

以下、本発明の保持部材、本発明に用いる補助部材、化粧カバー、及びこれらの取り付け対象である型鋼、またその保持対象である建材板についてそれぞれ説明する。   Hereinafter, the holding member of the present invention, the auxiliary member used in the present invention, the decorative cover, the steel plate as the attachment target thereof, and the building material plate as the retention target will be described.

本発明の保持部材は、前述のように取付部と、溝状部を備える包持部と、を有してなる構成であり、建材板の一方の端部を包持するものである。この保持部材は、型鋼の長さ方向に連続する長尺状でもよいが、後述する図示実施例のようにピース状に形成した部材を適宜間隔にて複数取り付けるようにしてもよい。なお、前述のように保持部材と保持部材とは、支持部を備えていないか備えているかの相違である。   As described above, the holding member of the present invention is configured to include the attachment portion and the holding portion including the groove-like portion, and holds one end portion of the building material board. The holding member may have a long shape continuous in the length direction of the steel plate, but a plurality of pieces formed in a piece shape may be attached at appropriate intervals as in the illustrated embodiment described later. As described above, the holding member and the holding member are different in whether or not they are provided with a support portion.

前記取付部は、型鋼の下フランジに取り付けられるものであり、用いる型鋼の下フランジの仕様に応じて形状を選択すればよい。例えば型鋼がH型鋼、I型鋼、溝型鋼、Z型鋼、L型鋼等であれば、下フランジは単なる横片状であるから、取付部としては前記横片状の先端に係合する折返し状に形成すればよく、C型鋼(=リップ溝型鋼)、リップZ型鋼のように下フランジの先端に上向き片(リップ)を有する場合には、この取付部としては前記上向き片に係合するコ字状に形成すればよい。   The attachment portion is attached to the lower flange of the mold steel, and the shape may be selected according to the specification of the lower flange of the mold steel to be used. For example, if the mold steel is H-shaped steel, I-shaped steel, groove-shaped steel, Z-shaped steel, L-shaped steel, etc., the lower flange has a simple horizontal piece shape, so that the mounting portion has a folded shape that engages the tip of the horizontal piece shape. In the case of having an upward piece (lip) at the tip of the lower flange such as C-type steel (= lip groove type steel) or lip Z-type steel, this mounting portion is a U-shape that engages with the upward piece. What is necessary is just to form in a shape.

前記包持部は、前記取付部の上方に位置して側方が開放する溝状部を備えるものであり、後述する図示実施例のように前記取付部の一部(上片)がこの包持部の一部(溝状部の下片)を兼ねるものでもよい。
なお、この包持部における「包持」とは、建材板の一方の端部を包持することを意味しているが、常に端部を上下方向から圧接している態様に限定されるものではなく、常には端部を圧接してはいないが、何らかの負荷が掛かった際には端部を押さえる態様を含むである。
The holding portion is provided with a groove-like portion that is located above the attachment portion and is open on the side, and a part (upper piece) of the attachment portion is a portion of the attachment portion as in the illustrated embodiment described later. It may also serve as a part of the holding portion (the lower piece of the groove-like portion).
In addition, although "clamping" in this holding part means holding one end part of a building material board, it is limited to the mode which always presses the end part from the up-and-down direction. Instead, the end portion is not always press-contacted, but includes an aspect in which the end portion is pressed when some load is applied.

前記溝状部は、前記取付部の上方に位置して側方が開放する横溝状であって、弾性に抗して拡開可能(上片と下片との間隔を拡大可能)であり、しかも弾性に抗して型鋼側へ傾倒可能であれば、どのように形成してもよく、例えばコ字状のように角張った形状でもよいし、横向きU字状のように曲面からなる横溝形状であってもよい。
なお、前述のように本発明における「包持」とは、取付安定性を考慮すると常に圧接する態様が望ましいことは説明するまでもなく、即ちその場合、この溝状部を形成する上片に建材板の上面に常に接触(圧接)する当接片を備えることが望ましい。この当接片は、その形状を限定するものではなく、下片が建材板の上面に圧接状に沿うものでも、下片の一部が下方へ隆状に突出して建材板の上面に当接するものでも、或いは下片の先端等が下方へ突出して建材板の上面に当接するものでもよい。
The groove-shaped portion is a lateral groove shape that is located above the mounting portion and opens laterally, and can be expanded against elasticity (the interval between the upper piece and the lower piece can be expanded), Moreover, any shape can be used as long as it can be tilted toward the mold steel against the elasticity. For example, it may have a square shape such as a U-shape, or a horizontal groove shape formed of a curved surface such as a horizontal U-shape. It may be.
As described above, it is needless to say that the “holding” in the present invention is preferably a mode in which pressure contact is always considered in consideration of mounting stability, that is, in that case, in the upper piece that forms this groove-shaped portion. It is desirable to provide a contact piece that always contacts (pressure contact) the upper surface of the building material plate. The shape of the abutment piece is not limited, and even if the lower piece is in pressure contact with the upper surface of the building material plate, a part of the lower piece protrudes downward and comes into contact with the upper surface of the building material plate. It may be a thing, or the tip of a lower piece etc. may protrude below, and may contact the upper surface of a building material board.

この溝状部の先端には、後述する図示実施例のように上方へ屈曲して下片との間隔を拡大する案内片を設けてもよく、外側下方から臨ませる建材板の端部を溝状部内に導く役割を果たす。
なお、この案内片は、前述の何らかの負荷が掛かった際には端部を押さえる部位(押さえ片)を兼ねるものでもよいし、当該部位とは別に設けるものでもよい。
A guide piece that bends upward and expands the distance from the lower piece as in the illustrated embodiment described later may be provided at the tip of the groove-like portion. It plays the role of guiding into the shape part.
In addition, this guide piece may serve also as the site | part (pressing piece) which presses an edge part when the above-mentioned some load is applied, and may be provided separately from the said site | part.

ここで、前述のように型鋼を挟んで隣り合う建材板の他方の端部を支持する支持部分は、この保持部材(前記第2の態様の保持部材)自体に設けてもよいし、別部材(補助部材)に設けてもよい。なお、比較(区別)のため、前者の支持部分を支持部とするのに対し、後者の支持部分を支持片部とする。   Here, as described above, the support portion that supports the other end portion of the adjacent building material plates with the mold steel interposed therebetween may be provided on the holding member (the holding member of the second aspect) or a separate member. (Auxiliary member) may be provided. For comparison (distinguishing), the former support portion is used as a support portion, while the latter support portion is used as a support piece portion.

前記支持部は、前記第2の態様の保持部材に設けられるものであって、前述のように型鋼の下フランジと逆方向に延在するものであり、隣り合う二枚の建材板の支持高さが略同一であれば、例えばフランジ状でも、略L字状でもよく、特にその具体的構成を限定するものではない。   The support portion is provided on the holding member of the second aspect, and extends in the direction opposite to the lower flange of the steel plate as described above, and the support height of two adjacent building material plates is If the lengths are substantially the same, for example, a flange shape or a substantially L shape may be used, and the specific configuration is not particularly limited.

前記補助部材は、前記支持部が設けられない保持部材と共に用いられるものであって、前述のように建材板の他方の端部を突き合わせ状に支持する構成であり、型鋼に沿う縦片部と、該縦片部の下端から型鋼の下フランジと逆方向に延在する支持片部とを備えるものである。この補助部材も前記保持部材と同様に型鋼の長さ方向に連続する長尺状でもよいが、後述する図示実施例のようにピース状の部材を複数取り付けるようにしてもよい。   The auxiliary member is used together with a holding member on which the support portion is not provided, and is configured to support the other end portion of the building material plate in abutting manner as described above, and a vertical piece portion along the shape steel, The support piece portion extends in the opposite direction from the lower flange of the steel plate from the lower end of the vertical piece portion. The auxiliary member may have a long shape that is continuous in the length direction of the steel plate as in the case of the holding member, but a plurality of piece-like members may be attached as in the illustrated embodiment described later.

前記縦片部は、前述のように型鋼に沿うものであって、具体的にはH型鋼、I型鋼、溝型鋼、C型鋼(=リップ溝型鋼)、Z型鋼、リップZ型鋼等ではウエブに沿わせ、山型鋼(L鋼)では縦部分に沿わせるものである。この縦片部には、適宜取付部位を延設したり、ビス等の固着具を打ち込んで型鋼への取付部位としてもよい。   As described above, the vertical piece portion is along the shape steel. Specifically, the vertical piece portion is formed on the web for H-shape steel, I-shape steel, groove-shape steel, C-shape steel (= lip-groove shape steel), Z-shape steel, lip Z-shape steel, and the like. Along with the angle steel (L steel), it is along the vertical part. An attachment part may be extended as appropriate to the vertical piece part, or a fixing tool such as a screw may be driven in as an attachment part to the mold steel.

前記支持片部は、前述のように縦片部の下端から型鋼の下フランジと逆方向に延在するものであり、前記支持部と同様に隣り合う二枚の建材板の支持高さが略同一であれば、例えばフランジ状でも、略L字状でもよく、特にその具体的構成を限定するものではない。   As described above, the support piece portion extends from the lower end of the vertical piece portion in the opposite direction to the lower flange of the steel plate, and the support height of two adjacent building material plates is substantially the same as the support portion. As long as they are the same, for example, a flange shape or a substantially L shape may be used, and the specific configuration is not particularly limited.

前記化粧カバーは、型鋼の下フランジ及び前記保持部材の取付部を下方側から被覆する化粧面部を有するものであって、型鋼の長さ方向に連続する長尺状に形成される。
この化粧カバーには、前記保持部材の前記取付部と型鋼の下フランジとの取付を補助する構成を具備させてもよいし、前記補助部材と型鋼との取付を補助する(間接的補助も含めて)構成を具備させてもよい。
The decorative cover has a decorative surface portion that covers the lower flange of the steel plate and the mounting portion of the holding member from the lower side, and is formed in a long shape that is continuous in the length direction of the steel plate.
The decorative cover may be configured to assist the attachment of the attachment portion of the holding member and the lower flange of the steel mold, or assist the attachment of the auxiliary member and the steel mold (including indirect assistance). A) may be provided.

前記保持部材の取り付け対象である型鋼は、下フランジを備えるものであればよく、具体的には左右両方に下フランジを備えるH型鋼、I型鋼、左右の何れか一方のみに下フランジを備える溝型鋼、Z型鋼、L型鋼、更に下フランジの先端に上向き片を有するC型鋼(=リップ溝型鋼)、リップZ型鋼等が相当する。なお、これらの型鋼同士を背中合わせに接続して用いるようにしてもよい。   The shape steel to which the holding member is to be attached may be any steel having a lower flange, specifically, an H-shaped steel having a lower flange on both the left and right sides, an I-shaped steel, and a groove having a lower flange on only one of the left and right. Corresponding to mold steel, Z-shaped steel, L-shaped steel, C-shaped steel having an upward piece at the end of the lower flange (= lip groove shaped steel), lip Z-shaped steel, and the like. In addition, you may make it connect and use these steel shapes back to back.

これらのうち、H型鋼やI型鋼は、左右両方に下フランジを備えるため、この下フランジにて型鋼を挟んで隣り合う建材板の他方の端部を支持することができるため、前記支持部や前記支持片部が必要なく、前記補助部材自体も必要ない。
それ以外の型鋼では、左右の一方のみに下フランジを備えるため、全ての型鋼における下フランジが同一方向に延在するように配設して母屋を形成する。
なお、左右一方のみに下フランジを備える2つの型鋼を背中合わせ状に接続して用いる場合も、左右両方に下フランジが延在することになるので、前記H型鋼やI型鋼を用いる場合と同様である。この型鋼は、新たに取り付けるものでもよいのであるが、既に建築物の一部として取り付けられているものを用いてもよく、特にC型鋼を用いている場合には、ほとんどのC型鋼は下フランジが同一方向に延在するように配設されているが、背中合わせ状に組み合わされて取り付けられている箇所も存在する。
Among these, since the H-shaped steel and the I-shaped steel have lower flanges on both the left and right sides, the lower flange can support the other end of the adjacent building material plate with the mold steel interposed therebetween. The support piece is not required, and the auxiliary member itself is not required.
In other steel molds, the lower flange is provided on only one of the left and right sides, and therefore, the main flange is formed by arranging the lower flanges of all the steel molds so as to extend in the same direction.
It should be noted that when two mold steels having a lower flange on only one of the left and right sides are connected in a back-to-back manner, the lower flange extends on both the left and right sides, which is the same as when using the H-shaped steel or I-shaped steel. is there. This steel may be newly installed, but it may be used as a part of a building. Especially when C steel is used, most C steels have lower flanges. Are arranged so as to extend in the same direction, but there are places where they are attached in a back-to-back manner.

言い換えれば、型鋼として、左右両方に下フランジを備えるH型鋼やI型鋼を用いる場合(前述の背中合わせ状に2つの型鋼を組み合わせる場合も同様)には、前記支持部を備えない前記保持部材のみにて全ての建材板を支持することができる。
それ以外の左右の一方のみに下フランジを備える溝型鋼、Z型鋼、L型鋼、C型鋼(=リップ溝型鋼)、リップZ型鋼を用いる場合には、前記支持部を備える保持部材を用いるか、或いは前記保持部材に加えて前記支持片部を備える補助部材を併用して用いることにより、全ての建材板を支持することができる。
In other words, when H-shaped steel or I-shaped steel having lower flanges on both the left and right sides is used as the mold steel (the same applies when two mold steels are combined in the back-to-back shape described above), only the holding member that does not include the support portion is used. Can support all building material boards.
When using a grooved steel, a Z-shaped steel, an L-shaped steel, a C-shaped steel (= lip grooved steel), a lip Z-shaped steel having a lower flange only on one of the other left and right, use a holding member provided with the support part, Or all the building-material boards can be supported by using together and using the auxiliary member provided with the said support piece part in addition to the said holding member.

前記建材板は、天井板や化粧板等を指すものであって、隣り合う型鋼間に架け渡されるように配設されるボード状であって、略平坦状でも曲面状でもよく、その端部を支持することで継続的に支持構造を維持できる強度(硬度)を有するものであれば、特にその材質についても限定するものではない。
また、この建築板の端部についても、その表面から略垂直状に断裁したものに限らず、例えば端部を、下面側を切り欠いた段状に形成してもよい。
The building material board refers to a ceiling board, a decorative board, etc., and is a board shape arranged so as to be bridged between adjacent steel plates, and may be substantially flat or curved, and its end If it has the intensity | strength (hardness) which can maintain a support structure continuously by supporting, it will not specifically limit the material.
Further, the end portion of the building board is not limited to the one cut from the surface in a substantially vertical shape. For example, the end portion may be formed in a step shape with the lower surface side cut out.

前述のように本発明では、型鋼について下フランジを備えることのみを限定したが、左右の一方のみに下フランジを備える溝型鋼、Z型鋼、L型鋼、C型鋼、リップZ型鋼から選ばれる型鋼に限定した場合には、左右の一方のみに下フランジを備える溝型鋼、Z型鋼、L型鋼、C型鋼、リップZ型鋼から選ばれる複数の型鋼からなる母屋に対して取り付けて建材板の端部を型枠間に保持することができる保持部材、及び保持構造となる。   As described above, in the present invention, only the lower steel flange is provided for the steel mold, but the steel mold selected from the groove steel, the Z steel, the L steel, the C steel, and the lip Z steel provided with the lower flange on only one of the left and right sides. In the case of limitation, the end of the building material plate is attached to a purlin made of a plurality of steel molds selected from groove steel, Z steel, L steel, C steel, and lip Z steel, each having a lower flange on only one of the left and right sides. A holding member that can be held between the molds and a holding structure are provided.

なお、繰り返し説明するが、本発明における「包持」とは、常に建材板の端部を上下方向から圧接している態様に限定されず、何らかの負荷が掛かった際には端部を押さえる態様を含むものであり、型鋼を挟んで隣り合う建材板の他方の端部については原則的に突き合わせ状に支持されていればよいが、取付安定性を考慮した場合には、この端部を上面側から押さえる構成を含むことが望ましいことは説明するまでもない。   In addition, although repeatedly described, “clamping” in the present invention is not limited to an aspect in which the end portion of the building material plate is always pressed against from above and below, and an aspect in which the end portion is pressed when some load is applied. As long as the other end of the adjacent building material plate is sandwiched between the steel plates, the other end may be supported in principle. Needless to say, it is desirable to include a structure for pressing from the side.

図1,に示す本発明の第1実施例の保持部材1は、型鋼4の下フランジ41に取り付けられる取付部11と、該取付部11の上方に位置して側方が開放する溝状部13を備える包持部12とを有してなる構成であり、前記包持部12は、図2の左側に示すように溝状部13が弾性に抗して拡開可能であって、且つ弾性に抗して溝状部13が型鋼4側へ傾倒可能である。   A holding member 1 according to the first embodiment of the present invention shown in FIG. 1 includes an attachment portion 11 attached to a lower flange 41 of a steel plate 4 and a groove-like portion that is located above the attachment portion 11 and that opens laterally. The holding portion 12 includes a holding portion 12, and the holding portion 12 can expand the groove-like portion 13 against elasticity as shown on the left side of FIG. 2, and The groove-like portion 13 can tilt toward the steel plate 4 against elasticity.

先に、図1に示される保持部材1以外の部材(型鋼4、化粧カバー材3、補助部材2、建材板5)について説明すると、まず図1に示す型鋼4は縦方向に配されるウエブ42の両端(上下端)にフランジ43,41を有するC型鋼であって、先端に上向き片411を備える下フランジ41は図面右方へ延在している。   First, members other than the holding member 1 shown in FIG. 1 (the steel plate 4, the decorative cover material 3, the auxiliary member 2, and the building material plate 5) will be described. First, the steel plate 4 shown in FIG. The lower flange 41, which is a C-shaped steel having flanges 43 and 41 at both ends (upper and lower ends) of 42, and has an upward piece 411 at the tip, extends to the right in the drawing.

また、図1(d)〜(f)に示す化粧カバー3は、型鋼4の下フランジ41及び保持部材1の取付部11を下方側から被覆する部材であって、底面である化粧面31の左右が立ち上がる断面略樋状の長尺材である。先端(上端)が折り曲げられた一方の側面(右側面)32は、前記保持部材1の取付部11の外側に沿って前記取付部11の下フランジ41への取付を補助する役割も果たし、他方の側面(左側面)33の外側には補助部材2を取り付けるための複数の隆起部331が設けられている。   Moreover, the decorative cover 3 shown in FIGS. 1D to 1F is a member that covers the lower flange 41 of the steel plate 4 and the attachment portion 11 of the holding member 1 from the lower side, and has a decorative surface 31 that is a bottom surface. It is a long material with a substantially bowl-shaped cross section that rises from side to side. One side surface (right side surface) 32 whose tip (upper end) is bent also serves to assist the attachment of the attachment portion 11 to the lower flange 41 along the outside of the attachment portion 11 of the holding member 1. A plurality of raised portions 331 for attaching the auxiliary member 2 are provided outside the side surface (left side surface) 33.

さらに、図1(g)〜(i)に示す補助部材2は、前記型鋼4のウエブ42に沿う縦片部21と、該縦片部21の下端から型鋼4の下フランジ41と背中合わせ状に延在するL字状の支持片部22とを備える。即ちこの支持片部22の上端は、前記型鋼4の下フランジ41の先端に形成された上向き片411の上端をほぼ同じ高さになるように形成されている。
また、前記縦片部21の上端には、型鋼4の上フランジ43に掛合する掛合片23が設けられ、その高さの中程には、複数の矩形状の切り込み空部211を形成し、該切り込みによる切り起こしにて外側へ突出する押さえ片212が複数箇所に形成されている。
Further, the auxiliary member 2 shown in FIGS. 1 (g) to 1 (i) is back-to-back with the vertical piece portion 21 along the web 42 of the steel plate 4 and the lower flange 41 of the steel plate 4 from the lower end of the vertical piece portion 21. And an extending L-shaped support piece 22. That is, the upper end of the support piece 22 is formed so that the upper end of the upward piece 411 formed at the tip of the lower flange 41 of the steel plate 4 is substantially the same height.
Further, the upper end of the vertical piece portion 21 is provided with a hooking piece 23 that is hooked to the upper flange 43 of the steel plate 4, and in the middle of its height, a plurality of rectangular cut empty portions 211 are formed, The pressing pieces 212 that protrude outward are formed at a plurality of locations by the cut and raised by the cutting.

なお、図1(j)は、意図的に保持部材1を配設していない状態を示すものであって、前記化粧カバー3の他方の側面33に形成された隆起部331が前記補助部材2の切り込み空部211に係合するので、間接的にこの補助部材2の型鋼4への取付を補助することが示されている。
しかし、この状態では建材板5の端部51xは、それぞれ型鋼4の下フランジ41(上向き片411)と補助部材2の支持片部22の上端に支持されているに過ぎないので、設置安定性が低い。
また、同図に示す建材板5は、隣り合う型鋼4,4間に架け渡されるように配設されるボード状の天井材であって、一方側の側方に位置する端部51xは、その表面から略垂直状に断裁されたものである。
FIG. 1 (j) shows a state in which the holding member 1 is not intentionally arranged, and a raised portion 331 formed on the other side surface 33 of the decorative cover 3 is the auxiliary member 2. It is shown that indirectly assisting the attachment of the auxiliary member 2 to the steel plate 4 because it is engaged with the notch empty space 211.
However, in this state, the end portion 51x of the building material plate 5 is only supported by the lower flange 41 (upward piece 411) of the steel plate 4 and the upper end of the support piece portion 22 of the auxiliary member 2, respectively. Is low.
Moreover, the building material board 5 shown in the figure is a board-like ceiling material arranged so as to be bridged between the adjacent steel plates 4, 4, and the end portion 51x located on one side is: It is cut from the surface in a substantially vertical shape.

この第1実施例の保持部材1は、図示するように極めて短幅のピース材であって、C型鋼である型鋼4の長さ方向に所定間隔にて複数取り付けられるものである。また、この保持部材1には、型鋼4を挟んで隣り合う他方側の建材板(5)の端部(51y)を支持する支持部を備えない構成であるから、前記支持片部22を備える補助部材2と併用することにより、全ての建材板5を支持するものである。   The holding member 1 of the first embodiment is a piece material having an extremely short width as shown in the drawing, and a plurality of holding members 1 are attached at predetermined intervals in the length direction of a steel plate 4 which is a C-type steel. In addition, the holding member 1 includes the support piece portion 22 because the holding member 1 does not include a support portion that supports the end portion (51y) of the other building material plate (5) adjacent to each other with the steel plate 4 interposed therebetween. By using the auxiliary member 2 together, all the building material plates 5 are supported.

この第1実施例における取付部11は、図示するように型鋼4の下フランジ41及びその先端に形成された上向き片(リップ)411を包むコ字状に形成され、その上方には溝状部13を備える包持部12が連続的に形成されている。   The mounting portion 11 in the first embodiment is formed in a U-shape that wraps the lower flange 41 of the steel plate 4 and the upward piece (lip) 411 formed at the tip thereof as shown in the figure, and a groove-like portion is provided above the upper portion. The holding part 12 provided with 13 is formed continuously.

また、この第1実施例における溝状部13は、上片132と下片131との間隔が建材板5の端部51xの厚みより広く形成され、図2の右側に示すように建材板5の端部51xを緩く保持するものである。また、この溝状部13の上片132の先端には、上方へ湾曲する案内片14が連続的に設けられ、建材板5の端部51xを溝状部13内に導く役割を果たす。即ち同図の左側に示すように外側下方(図面では右側下方)から臨ませる建材板5の端部51xが、この案内片14を突き上げ、弾性に抗して溝状部13が拡開されると共に弾性に抗して包持部12(溝状部13)を型鋼4側(この場合は左側)へ傾倒させる。   Moreover, the groove-shaped part 13 in this 1st Example is formed so that the space | interval of the upper piece 132 and the lower piece 131 is wider than the thickness of the edge part 51x of the building material board 5, and as shown to the right side of FIG. The end portion 51x is held loosely. In addition, a guide piece 14 that curves upward is continuously provided at the tip of the upper piece 132 of the groove 13, and plays a role of guiding the end 51 x of the building material plate 5 into the groove 13. That is, as shown on the left side of the figure, the end portion 51x of the building material plate 5 facing from the outside lower side (lower right side in the drawing) pushes up the guide piece 14, and the groove-like portion 13 is expanded against elasticity. At the same time, the holding portion 12 (grooved portion 13) is tilted toward the steel plate 4 side (left side in this case) against elasticity.

図2は、前記各部材1〜3を用いて前記型鋼4,4間に建材板5を保持する構造の施工手順の一例を示すものであって、図2に示すように屋根構造を構成する屋根断熱材6の下面に所定間隔にてC型鋼である型鋼4が取り付けられており、図面左側から保持部材1を、図面下方から化粧カバー3を、図面右側から補助部材2を臨ませてそれぞれ型鋼4に取り付ければよい。
手順としても、始めに保持部材1を型鋼4へ取り付け、その後に化粧カバー3を取り付け、最後に補助部材2を取り付けるようにすればよい。
FIG. 2 shows an example of a construction procedure of a structure for holding the building material plate 5 between the steel molds 4 and 4 using the members 1 to 3, and constitutes a roof structure as shown in FIG. A steel plate 4, which is a C-type steel, is attached to the lower surface of the roof heat insulating material 6 at predetermined intervals. The holding member 1 is faced from the left side of the drawing, the decorative cover 3 is faced from the lower side of the drawing, and the auxiliary member 2 is faced from the right side of the drawing. What is necessary is just to attach to the type steel 4.
Also as a procedure, the holding member 1 may be attached to the mold steel 4 first, the decorative cover 3 may be attached thereafter, and the auxiliary member 2 may be attached last.

保持部材1の取付部11の内面側には、図示するように仮止め用の両面テープ111等を添設していることが望ましく、該両面テープ111は型鋼4の下フランジ41の上向き片411の外側に取り付けられる(接着される)。この状態で、保持部材1の溝状部13は型鋼4の開口内部に位置するものとなる。そのため、仮に両面テープ111による接着がなくても、保持部材1の重心は型鋼4の開口部内に位置するため、安定に取り付けられるが、その後に建材板5を取り付ける際にこの保持部材1が外れることがないように両面テープ111にて接着される。   As shown in the drawing, a temporary fixing double-sided tape 111 or the like is preferably provided on the inner surface side of the mounting portion 11 of the holding member 1, and the double-sided tape 111 is an upward piece 411 of the lower flange 41 of the steel plate 4. It is attached (adhered) to the outside. In this state, the groove 13 of the holding member 1 is located inside the opening of the steel plate 4. Therefore, even if there is no adhesion by the double-sided tape 111, the center of gravity of the holding member 1 is located in the opening of the steel plate 4, so that the holding member 1 is stably attached, but the holding member 1 is detached when the building material plate 5 is attached thereafter. Adhering with the double-sided tape 111 so as not to occur.

続いて化粧カバー3を取り付けるが、前述のようにその一方の側面(右側面)32は、前記保持部材1の取付部11の外側に沿うので、自身の取付と共に前記取付部11の下フランジ41への取付を補助する(脱離を防止する)役割を果たす。
また、この化粧カバー3の他方の側面(左側面)33は、型鋼4のウエブ42に沿う状態で取り付けられるので、次の工程にて補助部材2を取り付ける際に、その縦片部21とウエブ42との間に挟着状に取り付けられるものとなる。
Subsequently, the decorative cover 3 is attached. As described above, one of the side surfaces (right side surface) 32 runs along the outside of the attachment portion 11 of the holding member 1, so that the lower flange 41 of the attachment portion 11 is attached together with its own attachment. It plays a role of assisting attachment (preventing detachment).
Further, since the other side surface (left side surface) 33 of the decorative cover 3 is attached along the web 42 of the steel plate 4, when the auxiliary member 2 is attached in the next step, the vertical piece 21 and the web are attached. 42 and attached in a sandwiched manner.

その後、補助部材2を取り付けるが、前述のように縦片部21の上端に設けた掛合片23を型鋼4の上フランジ43に掛合させると共に、前記化粧カバー3の複数の隆起部331を切り込み空部211にそれぞれ係合させる状態で位置合わせを行い、側方(左方)から固定ビス2bを打ち込んで型鋼4のウエブ42に取り付けている。
この工程では、前記固定ビス2bによりこの補助部材2を固定するが、その縦片部21は前記化粧カバー3の他方の側面33を介して型鋼4のウエブ42に沿っているので、この補助部材2の取付と共に前記化粧カバー3も型鋼4に一体的に固定される。
加えて前記化粧カバー3は、前述のように一方の側面32が、前記保持部材1の取付部11の外側に沿う構成であるため、この化粧カバー3の固定により、前記保持部材1も一体的に型鋼4に取り付けられる。
結局のところこの工程では、単に補助部材2のみが固定ビス2bにて型鋼4に固定されるばかりでなく、それによって前記化粧カバー3も一体的に固定され、さらにそれにより前記保持部材1も一体的に固定されるものである。
After that, the auxiliary member 2 is attached. As described above, the engaging piece 23 provided at the upper end of the vertical piece portion 21 is engaged with the upper flange 43 of the mold steel 4 and the plurality of raised portions 331 of the decorative cover 3 are cut and empty. Positioning is performed in a state of being engaged with each of the portions 211, and the fixing screw 2 b is driven from the side (left side) and attached to the web 42 of the die steel 4.
In this step, the auxiliary member 2 is fixed by the fixing screw 2b, and the vertical piece portion 21 extends along the web 42 of the steel plate 4 through the other side surface 33 of the decorative cover 3. The decorative cover 3 is also fixed to the steel plate 4 together with the attachment of 2.
In addition, since the decorative cover 3 has a configuration in which one side surface 32 is along the outside of the mounting portion 11 of the holding member 1 as described above, the holding member 1 is also integrated by fixing the decorative cover 3. It is attached to the mold steel 4.
After all, in this process, not only the auxiliary member 2 is simply fixed to the steel plate 4 by the fixing screws 2b, but the decorative cover 3 is also fixed integrally, and thereby the holding member 1 is also integrated. Fixed.

そして、図2の左側に示すように外側下方(図面では右側下方)から臨ませる建材板5の端部51xが、保持部材1の案内片14を突き上げるように押圧する(=押圧力を与える)と、弾性に抗して溝状部13が拡開されると共に弾性に抗して包持部12(溝状部13)が型鋼4側(この場合は左側)へ傾倒される。
この状態で、建材板5の他端側(右側端)を持ち上げるように回動させ、同図で点線で示すように略水平状とした時点で建材板5の他端(右端)を同図の右側に示す型鋼4(補助部材2)に当接するように位置調整すると、その分、建材板5の一方(左側)の端部51xも右側へスライド状に移動し、前記押圧力が解除されるため、保持部材1の包持部12(溝状部13)は当初の形状に弾性回復し、溝状部13に建材板5の端部51xが包持され、図2の状態を得る。
Then, as shown on the left side of FIG. 2, the end portion 51x of the building material plate 5 facing from the outside lower side (right side lower side in the drawing) presses the guide piece 14 of the holding member 1 so as to push up (= apply a pressing force). Then, the groove-shaped portion 13 is expanded against the elasticity, and the holding portion 12 (groove-shaped portion 13) is tilted toward the mold steel 4 side (in this case, the left side) against the elasticity.
In this state, the other end side (right end) of the building material board 5 is rotated so as to be lifted, and the other end (right end) of the building material board 5 is set to the substantially horizontal shape as shown by the dotted line in FIG. When the position is adjusted so as to abut against the steel plate 4 (auxiliary member 2) shown on the right side, one (left side) end 51x of the building material plate 5 also slides to the right side, and the pressing force is released. Therefore, the holding part 12 (groove part 13) of the holding member 1 is elastically restored to the original shape, and the end part 51x of the building material plate 5 is held in the groove part 13 to obtain the state of FIG.

このように施工された図2の保持構造では、建材板5の一方(左側)の端部51xは、保持部材1の溝状部13に包持され、建材板5の他方(右側)の端部51yは、補助部材2の支持片部21に突き合わせ状に支持される状態となる。したがって、溝状部13は、常に建材板5の端部51xを押さえている(圧接している)ものではないが、地震などによる何らかの負荷が掛かった際にはこの端部51xを押さえる役割を果たす。
また、建材板5の一方(左側)の端部51xの上方には、保持部材1の案内片14の下端が近接状に臨んでいるため、この案内片14の作用(=押さえ片)により、前述の端部51xを押さえる役割はより確実に果たされるものとなる。
さらに、建材板5の他方(右側)の端部51yの上方にも、補助部材2の押さえ片212が臨んでいるため、この押さえ片212の作用により、地震などによる何らかの負荷が掛かった際に他方側の端部51yを押さえる役割が果たされる。
In the holding structure of FIG. 2 constructed in this way, one (left side) end 51x of the building material board 5 is held by the groove-like part 13 of the holding member 1, and the other (right side) end of the building material board 5 is included. The part 51y will be in the state supported by the support piece part 21 of the auxiliary member 2 in abutting form. Therefore, the groove 13 is not always pressing (pressing) the end 51x of the building material plate 5, but plays a role of pressing this end 51x when some load is applied due to an earthquake or the like. Fulfill.
Moreover, since the lower end of the guide piece 14 of the holding member 1 faces in a close proximity above one (left side) end portion 51x of the building material board 5, the action of this guide piece 14 (= pressing piece) The role of pressing the end portion 51x is more reliably fulfilled.
Furthermore, since the pressing piece 212 of the auxiliary member 2 faces above the other (right side) end portion 51y of the building material board 5, when a load due to an earthquake or the like is applied due to the action of the pressing piece 212, The role of pressing the other end 51y is fulfilled.

図3に示す第2実施例の保持構造は、建材板5Bとして、左右側方に位置する端部51bx,51byを、下面側を切り欠いた段状に形成したものであって、この端部51bx,51byの厚みが薄くなった分だけ、それを包持する保持部材1Bの溝状部13b(包持部12b)の間隔も小さくした。それ以外の部材等については全て前記第1実施例と同様であり、図面に同一符号を付して説明を省略する。   The holding structure of the second embodiment shown in FIG. 3 is a building material plate 5B in which end portions 51bx and 51by located on the left and right sides are formed in a stepped shape with the lower surface side cut out. The distance between the groove-like portions 13b (carrying portions 12b) of the holding member 1B that holds the holding portions 1B is reduced by the amount that the thicknesses of 51bx and 51by are reduced. All other members and the like are the same as those in the first embodiment, and the same reference numerals are given to the drawings and description thereof is omitted.

この第2実施例では、建材板5Bの端部51bx,51byを段状に形成したので、型鋼4の上向き片411に端部51bが載置され、該上向き片411に切り欠き端面が当接する状態で保持され、建材板5Bは安定に型鋼4.4間に保持される。さらに、この建材板5Bとして、前記第1実施例よりも厚いものを用いることができるため、断熱効果等も向上させることができる。   In the second embodiment, since the end portions 51bx and 51by of the building material plate 5B are formed in a step shape, the end portion 51b is placed on the upward piece 411 of the steel plate 4, and the cut-out end surface comes into contact with the upward piece 411. The building material plate 5B is stably held between the mold steels 4.4. Furthermore, as this building material board 5B, what is thicker than the said 1st Example can be used, Therefore The heat insulation effect etc. can be improved.

図4に示す第3実施例の保持構造は、型鋼4Cは縦方向に配されるウエブ44の両端(上下端)にフランジ46,45を有するZ型鋼であって、先端に上向き片451を備える下フランジ45は図面右方へ延在している(上フランジ46は左方へ延在している)。この型鋼4Cは、屋根構造を構成するコンクリート躯体6Cにアンカー61を打ち込んで吊り下げ状に支持させたものである。
また、この第3実施例では、縦片部21cを短く形成したピース状の補助部材2Cを用い、保持部材1B及び建材板5Bについては、前記第2実施例と同様であるから、図面に同一符号を付して説明を省略する。
In the holding structure of the third embodiment shown in FIG. 4, the die steel 4C is a Z-type steel having flanges 46 and 45 at both ends (upper and lower ends) of the web 44 arranged in the longitudinal direction, and has an upward piece 451 at the tip. The lower flange 45 extends to the right in the drawing (the upper flange 46 extends to the left). This steel mold 4C is obtained by driving an anchor 61 into a concrete frame 6C constituting a roof structure and supporting it in a suspended form.
Moreover, in this 3rd Example, since the piece-shaped auxiliary member 2C which formed the vertical piece part 21c short was used, and it is the same as that of the said 2nd Example about the holding member 1B and the building material board 5B, it is the same as drawing The reference numerals are attached and the description is omitted.

この第3実施例では、Z型鋼4Cのウエブ44に取付用のスリットを形成することにより、前記補助部材2Cの掛合片23cを該スリットに挿着して取り付けることができる。そのため、前記補助部材2Cを型鋼4Cの長さ方向に複数取り付ければよい。   In the third embodiment, by forming a slit for attachment in the web 44 of the Z-shaped steel 4C, the engaging piece 23c of the auxiliary member 2C can be inserted and attached to the slit. Therefore, a plurality of auxiliary members 2C may be attached in the length direction of the steel plate 4C.

図5に示す第4実施例の保持構造は、保持部材1Dの溝状部13dの上片132dの先端に、上方へ湾曲する案内片14dが連続的に設けられている構成では、前記第2実施例の保持部材1Bと同様であるが、この溝状部13dは上片132dと下片131dとの間隔が建材板5Bの端部51bxの厚みより狭く形成されている点で相違する。   In the holding structure of the fourth embodiment shown in FIG. 5, the guide piece 14d curved upward is continuously provided at the tip of the upper piece 132d of the groove 13d of the holding member 1D. Although it is the same as that of the holding member 1B of the embodiment, the groove portion 13d is different in that the distance between the upper piece 132d and the lower piece 131d is narrower than the thickness of the end portion 51bx of the building material plate 5B.

即ち比較のために示した同図の第2実施例では、上片132と下片131との間隔が建材板5Bの端部51bxの厚みより広く形成されているので、端部51bの表面部には上片132は当接していない。
これに対し、この第4実施例では、上片132dと下片131dとの間隔が建材板5Bの端部51bxの厚みより狭く形成されているので、端部51bxの表面部に上片132dが常に弾性的に当接しており、取付安定性が極めて高いものとなる。
That is, in the second embodiment of the figure shown for comparison, the distance between the upper piece 132 and the lower piece 131 is formed wider than the thickness of the end portion 51bx of the building material plate 5B, so that the surface portion of the end portion 51b The upper piece 132 is not in contact therewith.
On the other hand, in this 4th Example, since the space | interval of the upper piece 132d and the lower piece 131d is formed narrower than the thickness of the edge part 51bx of the building material board 5B, the upper piece 132d is formed in the surface part of the edge part 51bx. It always abuts elastically and the mounting stability is extremely high.

このように第4実施例の保持部材1Dは、施工の際に弾性に抗して拡開させた溝状部13dが、建材板5の端部51bxに上下方向から圧接しているので、建材板5の端部51bxをより安定に型鋼4,4間に保持することができる。   As described above, the holding member 1D of the fourth embodiment has the groove-shaped portion 13d that is expanded against the elasticity at the time of construction, and is pressed against the end portion 51bx of the building material plate 5 from above and below. The end portion 51bx of the plate 5 can be held between the mold steels 4 and 4 more stably.

図6に示す第5実施例の保持部材1Eは、建材板5の一方の端部51xを包持して型鋼4に取り付けるばかりでなく、型鋼4を挟んで隣り合う建材板5の他方の端部51yを突き合わせ状に支持する支持部15eを備える態様であって、前記補助部材(2)を必要としない。
この保持部材1Eは、取付部11eが下フランジ41の全てを下方から覆う略樋状であり、この取付部11eの上方に略矩形状の溝状部13eを備える包持部12eが連続的に形成されている。なお、図中、1mは、取付部11eを型鋼4に固定するための横ビスである。
The holding member 1E of the fifth embodiment shown in FIG. 6 not only holds one end 51x of the building material plate 5 and attaches it to the steel plate 4, but also the other end of the adjacent building material plate 5 with the steel plate 4 interposed therebetween. It is an aspect provided with the support part 15e which supports the part 51y in abutting form, Comprising: The said auxiliary member (2) is not required.
The holding member 1E has a substantially bowl shape in which the attachment portion 11e covers all of the lower flange 41 from below, and a holding portion 12e having a substantially rectangular groove-like portion 13e continuously above the attachment portion 11e. Is formed. In the drawing, 1 m is a horizontal screw for fixing the mounting portion 11 e to the steel plate 4.

また、この第5実施例における溝状部13eは、上片132eと下片131eとの間隔が建材板5の端部51xの厚みより僅かに小さく(ほぼ同一に)形成され、図6(d)の左側、即ち図6(e)に拡大して示すように建材板5の端部51xを包持する。更に、この溝状部13eの上片132eの先端には、斜め上方へ向く案内片14eが設けられ、建材板5の端部51xを溝状部13e内に導く役割を果たす。   Further, the groove-like portion 13e in the fifth embodiment is formed such that the distance between the upper piece 132e and the lower piece 131e is slightly smaller (substantially the same) than the thickness of the end portion 51x of the building material board 5, as shown in FIG. ), That is, an end portion 51x of the building material plate 5 is encased as shown in an enlarged manner in FIG. 6 (e). Further, a guide piece 14e that is inclined obliquely upward is provided at the tip of the upper piece 132e of the groove 13e, and plays a role of guiding the end 51x of the building material board 5 into the groove 13e.

図6は、この第5実施例における取付補助材7であって、前記第1実施例における補助部材2とは異なり、建材板5の取付を補助する部材であって、型鋼4を挟んで隣り合う建材板5の他方の端部51yの上面に沿う水平状片711を備えるものである。
即ちこの取付補助材7は、図6にも拡大して示すように型鋼4のウエブ42の外側に沿う縦面部71の上下端に、フランジ43,41に係止状に沿うフランジ状部72,72を備える略コ字状であって、縦面部71には切り起こしにて略水平状に外側へ延在する水平状片711が形成され、その下方部分の内面側には仮止め用の両面テープ712が添設されている。
FIG. 6 shows an attachment auxiliary member 7 in the fifth embodiment, which is an auxiliary member for attaching the building material plate 5 unlike the auxiliary member 2 in the first embodiment, and is adjacent to the shape steel 4. A horizontal piece 711 is provided along the upper surface of the other end 51y of the matching building material plate 5.
That is, as shown in FIG. 6 in an enlarged manner, the attachment auxiliary member 7 has flange-like portions 72, which are engaged with the flanges 43, 41 on the upper and lower ends of the vertical surface portion 71 along the outer side of the web 42 of the steel plate 4. 72, a vertical piece 71 is formed with a horizontal piece 711 that is cut and raised to extend outward in a substantially horizontal shape. A tape 712 is attached.

この第5実施例の保持部材1E及び前記取付補助材7を用いた保持構造は、以下の手順にて施工することができる。
まず、前記取付補助材7を前記両面テープ712にて前記型鋼4のウエブ42の外側に沿うように仮止めする。
次に、仮止めした取付補助材7の水平状片711に、建材板5の端部51yの上面が当接するように配設し、下方から縦ビス1nを打ち込んで前記水平状片711に建材板5を吊り固定状に仮固定する。
続いて、前記保持部材1Eを下方から臨ませ、その樋状の取付部11eが型鋼4の下フランジ41を下方から覆い、溝状部13eが型鋼4の(開口)内部に位置するように配し、側方(左方)から横ビス1mを打ち込んで型鋼4のウエブ41に固定する。
なお、この保持部材1Eは、支持部15eが、建材板5の他方の端部51yの下面に沿うように固定するので、建材板5は、他方の端部51yが上下から保持される状態となるが、一方の端部51xを略水平状より僅かに上方へ持ち上げて以下の操作を行うことに支障はない。
そして、建材板5の一方の端部51xを溝状部13eへ挿着するが、その際、僅かでも端部51xにて案内片14eは左方へ突き上げられ、弾性に抗して溝状部13eは拡開されると共に弾性に抗して包持部12e(溝状部13e)は型鋼4側(この場合は左側)へ傾倒される。
端部51xの溝状部13eへの挿着が完了すると、包持部12e(溝状部13e)は当初の形状に弾性回復し、建材板5は略水平状に型鋼4,4間に保持されるものとなり、端部51yの端面は、取付補助材7の縦面部71に当接するように位置調整され、図6(d),(e)の状態を得る。
The holding structure using the holding member 1E and the attachment auxiliary material 7 of the fifth embodiment can be constructed according to the following procedure.
First, the attachment auxiliary material 7 is temporarily fixed with the double-sided tape 712 along the outside of the web 42 of the steel plate 4.
Next, it is arranged so that the upper surface of the end portion 51y of the building material plate 5 comes into contact with the temporarily fixed horizontal piece 711 of the mounting auxiliary material 7, and a vertical screw 1n is driven from below to build the building material on the horizontal piece 711. The plate 5 is temporarily fixed in a suspended state.
Subsequently, the holding member 1E is faced from below, and the hook-shaped attachment portion 11e covers the lower flange 41 of the steel plate 4 from below, and the groove-like portion 13e is positioned inside the (opening) of the steel plate 4. Then, a horizontal screw 1m is driven from the side (left side) and fixed to the web 41 of the steel plate 4.
In addition, since this holding member 1E fixes the support part 15e along the lower surface of the other end 51y of the building material board 5, the building material board 5 is in a state where the other end 51y is held from above and below. However, there is no problem in performing the following operations by lifting one end 51x slightly upward from the substantially horizontal shape.
Then, one end 51x of the building material plate 5 is inserted into the groove 13e. At this time, the guide piece 14e is pushed up to the left at the end 51x even slightly, and resists elasticity to form the groove. 13e is expanded and the holding portion 12e (groove-like portion 13e) is tilted toward the steel mold 4 side (left side in this case) against elasticity.
When the insertion of the end portion 51x into the groove-shaped portion 13e is completed, the holding portion 12e (groove-shaped portion 13e) is elastically restored to the original shape, and the building material plate 5 is held between the steel plates 4 and 4 in a substantially horizontal shape. Thus, the position of the end surface of the end portion 51y is adjusted so as to contact the vertical surface portion 71 of the auxiliary mounting member 7, and the states shown in FIGS. 6 (d) and 6 (e) are obtained.

このように第5実施例の保持部材1Eは、建材板5の一方の端部51xを包持して型鋼4に取り付けるばかりでなく、型鋼4を挟んで隣り合う建材板5の他方の端部51yを支持する支持部15eをも備えているため、実質的にこの部材(1E)のみで全ての建材板5を型鋼4,4間に保持することができる。   Thus, the holding member 1E of the fifth embodiment not only holds the one end 51x of the building material plate 5 and attaches it to the mold steel 4, but also the other end of the adjacent building material plate 5 with the mold steel 4 interposed therebetween. Since the support part 15e which supports 51y is also provided, all the building-material boards 5 can be hold | maintained between the steel plates 4 and 4 only by this member (1E).

また、この第5実施例に用いられた前記取付補助材7は、建材板5の配設時にはその取付を補助する役割を果たし、建材板5の取付後には、他方の端部51yを包持する役割を果たす。即ちその水平状片711にて他方の端部51yの上面を押さえるので、この端部51yは上下から、即ち水平状片711と支持部15eとの間に挟まれて安定に突き合わせ状に支持(包持)されるので、この水平状片711は押さえ片としての役割も果たす。   Further, the mounting auxiliary material 7 used in the fifth embodiment plays a role of assisting the mounting of the building material plate 5 and holds the other end 51y after the building material plate 5 is mounted. To play a role. That is, since the upper surface of the other end 51y is held by the horizontal piece 711, the end 51y is sandwiched from above and below, that is, between the horizontal piece 711 and the support portion 15e, and is supported in a stable butted manner ( This horizontal piece 711 also serves as a holding piece.

図7に示す第6実施例の保持部材1Fは、2つのC型鋼を背中合わせ状に接続して用いた型鋼4Fに取り付けるものであって、前記第5実施例の保持部材1Eと同様に建材板5の一方の端部51xを包持するばかりでなく、型鋼4Fを挟んで隣り合う建材板5の他方の端部51yを突き合わせ状に支持する支持部15fを備える態様である。そのため、取付部11fが一面状に連なる下フランジ41,41の全てを下方から覆う横長の略樋状である以外は前記第5実施例と同様であって、その包持部12f、溝状部13f(上片132f,下片131f)、案内片14f、及び支持部15fは、前記第5実施例における包持部12e、溝状部13e(上片132e,下片131e)、案内片14e、及び支持部15eとほぼ同様である。   The holding member 1F of the sixth embodiment shown in FIG. 7 is attached to a steel plate 4F used by connecting two C-shaped steels in a back-to-back manner, and is similar to the holding member 1E of the fifth embodiment. 5 is provided with a support portion 15f that not only holds one end portion 51x of 5 but also supports the other end portion 51y of the building material plate 5 adjacent to each other with the die steel 4F interposed therebetween. Therefore, the mounting portion 11f is the same as that of the fifth embodiment except that the lower flange 41, 41, which is continuous in a single surface, covers the entire bottom flange 41, from below, and the holding portion 12f, the groove-like portion 13f (upper piece 132f, lower piece 131f), guide piece 14f, and support part 15f are the holding part 12e, groove-like part 13e (upper piece 132e, lower piece 131e), guide piece 14e in the fifth embodiment, And it is substantially the same as the support part 15e.

したがって、この第6実施例の保持部材1F(及び前記取付補助材7)を前記型鋼4Fに取り付ける図7に示す保持構造も、前述の第5実施例における施工方法と全く同様の手順にて施工することができる。
また、この第6実施例においても、前述の第5実施例と全く同様の効果を奏することができる。
Accordingly, the holding structure shown in FIG. 7 for attaching the holding member 1F (and the attachment auxiliary material 7) of the sixth embodiment to the die steel 4F is also constructed in exactly the same manner as the construction method in the fifth embodiment. can do.
Also in the sixth embodiment, the same effects as in the fifth embodiment can be obtained.

この第6実施例は、前述のように2つのC型鋼を背中合わせ状に接続した型鋼4Fからなる母屋に対して建材板5を取り付けたものと解釈することもできるし、例えば前記第5実施例のようにC型鋼4の下フランジ41が同一方向に延在するように配設されている母屋の一部に存在する、C型鋼を背中合わせ状に組み合わされて取り付けられている箇所における態様と解釈することもできる。   This sixth embodiment can also be interpreted as the building material plate 5 being attached to the main building made of the steel 4F in which the two C-shaped steels are connected back to back as described above. For example, the fifth embodiment The C-shaped steel 4 lower flange 41 exists in a part of the purlin that is arranged so as to extend in the same direction, and is interpreted as an aspect in a place where the C-shaped steel is attached in combination back to back. You can also

1,1B,1D,1E,1F 保持部材
11 取付部
111 両面テープ
12 包持部
13 溝状部
131 下片
132 上片
14 案内片(押さえ片)
15e,15f 支持部
2 補助部材
2b 固定ビス
21 縦片部
212 押さえ片
22 支持片部
3 化粧カバー
31 化粧面
4,4C,4F 型鋼
41 下フランジ
411 上向き片
42 ウエブ
43 上フランジ
5,5B 建材板
51x,51bx(一方側の)端部
51y,51by (他方側の)端部
6 屋根断熱材
7 取付補助材
711 水平状片(押さえ片)
1, 1B, 1D, 1E, 1F Holding member 11 Mounting portion 111 Double-sided tape 12 Holding portion 13 Groove portion 131 Lower piece 132 Upper piece 14 Guide piece (holding piece)
15e, 15f Support part 2 Auxiliary member 2b Fixing screw 21 Vertical piece part 212 Holding piece 22 Support piece part 3 Cosmetic cover 31 Decorative surface 4, 4C, 4F Type steel 41 Lower flange 411 Upward piece 42 Web 43 Upper flange 5, 5B Building material plate 51x, 51bx (on one side) end 51y, 51by (on the other side) end 6 Roof heat insulating material 7 Mounting aid 711 Horizontal piece (holding piece)

Claims (3)

下フランジを備える複数の型鋼からなる母屋に対して取り付けて建材板を型鋼間に保持することができる建材板保持部材であって、
型鋼の下フランジに取り付けられる取付部と、該取付部の上方に位置して側方が開放する溝状部を備える包持部とを有してなり、
前記包持部は、溝状部が弾性に抗して拡開可能であって、且つ弾性に抗して溝状部が型鋼側へ傾倒可能であることを特徴とする建材板保持部材。
A building material plate holding member that can be attached to a main building made of a plurality of mold steels having a lower flange and hold the building material plates between the mold steels,
A mounting portion that is attached to the lower flange of the steel plate, and a holding portion that is provided above the mounting portion and includes a groove-like portion that opens laterally;
The said holding part is a building material board holding member characterized by the groove-like part being able to expand against elasticity, and being able to tilt the groove-like part to the mold steel side against elasticity.
建材板の一方の端部を請求項1に記載の建材板保持部材にて包持し、建材板の他方の端部を、型鋼に沿う縦片部と、該縦片部の下端から型鋼の下フランジと逆方向に延在する支持部とを備える補助部材で突き合わせ状支持することを特徴とする建材板保持構造。   One end portion of the building material plate is held by the building material plate holding member according to claim 1, and the other end portion of the building material plate is made of the vertical piece portion along the shape steel and the lower end of the vertical piece portion of the shape steel. A building material board holding structure characterized by being supported in a butted manner by an auxiliary member comprising a lower flange and a support portion extending in the opposite direction. 型鋼の下フランジ及び建材板保持部材の取付部を下方側から被覆することができる化粧カバーを取り付けていることを特徴とする請求項2に記載の建材板保持構造。   3. The building material board holding structure according to claim 2, wherein a decorative cover capable of covering the lower flange of the steel plate and the mounting part of the building material board holding member from the lower side is attached.
JP2015184602A 2015-09-18 2015-09-18 Building material plate holding member and building material plate holding structure Active JP6482026B2 (en)

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US4955170A (en) * 1987-04-29 1990-09-11 Dannemann Roberto G C Structures for roofs made of tiles or the like
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