JP6466614B2 - Liquid crystal display - Google Patents

Liquid crystal display Download PDF

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JP6466614B2
JP6466614B2 JP2018106670A JP2018106670A JP6466614B2 JP 6466614 B2 JP6466614 B2 JP 6466614B2 JP 2018106670 A JP2018106670 A JP 2018106670A JP 2018106670 A JP2018106670 A JP 2018106670A JP 6466614 B2 JP6466614 B2 JP 6466614B2
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insulating film
film
contact hole
drain electrode
light
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JP2018159938A (en
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柴田 寛
寛 柴田
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株式会社半導体エネルギー研究所
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The present invention relates to a semiconductor device having a circuit formed of a thin film transistor (hereinafter referred to as TFT) and a manufacturing method thereof. For example, the present invention relates to an electro-optical device typified by a liquid crystal display panel and an electronic apparatus in which such an electro-optical device is mounted as a component.

Note that in this specification, a semiconductor device refers to all devices that can function by utilizing semiconductor characteristics, and an electro-optical device, a semiconductor circuit, and an electronic device are all semiconductor devices.

In recent years, a technique for forming a thin film transistor (TFT) using a semiconductor thin film (having a thickness of about several to several hundred nm) formed on a substrate having an insulating surface has attracted attention. Thin film transistors are widely applied to electronic devices such as ICs and electro-optical devices. In particular, development of thin film transistors as switching elements for liquid crystal display devices is urgently required.

In a liquid crystal display device, in order to obtain a high-quality image, an active matrix type liquid crystal display device in which pixel electrodes are arranged in a matrix and a TFT is used as a switching element connected to each pixel electrode has attracted attention.

In this active matrix liquid crystal display device, in order to display a good quality, it is necessary to hold the potential of the video signal in each pixel electrode connected to the TFT until the next writing. Generally, a storage capacitor (Cs) in a pixel
Is provided to hold the potential of the video signal.

Various proposals have been made for the structure of the storage capacitor (Cs) and its formation method. From the viewpoint of simplicity of the manufacturing process and reliability, an insulating film having the highest quality among the insulating films constituting the pixel is proposed. It is desirable to use the gate insulating film of the TFT as a dielectric of the storage capacitor (Cs). Conventionally, a capacitor wiring serving as an upper electrode is provided using the same wiring layer as the scanning line, and a storage capacitor (Cs) is provided by the upper electrode (capacitor wiring) / dielectric layer (gate insulating film) / lower electrode (semiconductor film). The composition was done.

In addition, from the viewpoint of display performance, the pixel is required to have a large storage capacity and to have a high aperture ratio. Since each pixel has a high aperture ratio, the light utilization efficiency of the backlight is improved, and the backlight capacity for obtaining a predetermined display luminance can be suppressed. As a result, power saving and downsizing of the display device can be achieved. Further, since each pixel has a large storage capacity, the display data retention characteristic of each pixel is improved, and the display quality is improved.

Such a requirement is a major issue in the advancement of finer display pixel pitches associated with higher definition (increase in the number of pixels) and downsizing of liquid crystal display devices.

In addition, the conventional pixel configuration described above has a problem that it is difficult to achieve both a high aperture ratio and a large storage capacity.

In addition, in a liquid crystal display device using a backlight, particularly a liquid crystal display device for a projector, the TFT characteristics arranged in each pixel fluctuate, and deterioration of image quality has been a problem.

When the cause of the variation in TFT characteristics was investigated, the present inventor found that the diffracted light (also referred to as interfering light) reaches the semiconductor layer, that is, the light shielding provided on the light irradiation side so as to overlap the semiconductor layer. It has been found that one of the causes is that the semiconductor layer is irradiated with light that goes around the edge of the layer.

FIG. 2 shows the simulation result. In FIG. 2, a semiconductor layer 201 is formed over a substrate 200, an insulating film 202 having a thickness of 150 nm is provided to cover the semiconductor layer 201, and a light-shielding layer 203 having a light transmittance of 0% is formed over the insulating film 202. Assuming the provided active matrix substrate, the intensity of the diffracted light was calculated by setting the end of the light shielding layer 203 to 0 m when the light from the light source was irradiated. The horizontal axis indicates the distance Xm from the end of the light shielding layer 203, the vertical axis indicates the light intensity, and the average of the light intensity at the opening (corresponding to the negative region in the left half of the graph) is 1. It was.

2, when the light shielding layer and the semiconductor layer are arranged so that the end portions thereof coincide with each other, the value of the vertical axis of X = 0 m in FIG. 2, that is, the light intensity of about one quarter of the light from the light source. ing. Therefore, when the edge part of the light shielding layer and the edge part of the semiconductor layer are matched, it means that about one quarter of the light from the light source is irradiated to the semiconductor layer.

The value of the vertical axis of X = 1 μm is about 1 / 50th of the light intensity, and X = 1.3 μm
The value of the vertical axis of is about 1/100 of the light intensity. That is, even if the end portion of the light shielding layer and the end portion of the semiconductor layer are spaced apart by 1 μm or 1.3 μm, it means that a small amount of light is irradiated to the semiconductor layer.

In the past, a light shielding layer was provided, but the effect of diffracted light was not taken into consideration,
In order to improve the aperture ratio, that is, to reduce the area of the light shielding layer, the pixel structure that only prevents incident light from the light source by matching at least the edge of the semiconductor layer to be shielded with the edge of the light shielding layer. It was.

The present invention provides a solution from the design side to the above-described problem, prevents the semiconductor layer from being irradiated with light diffracted at the end of the light shielding layer, and sufficiently retains while obtaining a high aperture ratio. Capacity (C
s), and simultaneously reducing the load (capacitor writing current) of the capacitor wiring effectively by temporally distributing the liquid crystal display device with high display quality.

The present invention is characterized in that light diffracted by a second light shielding layer provided above the semiconductor layer is shielded by the first light shielding layer or the gate electrode. According to the result shown in FIG. 2, in order to sufficiently shield the light diffracted by one light shielding layer, it is necessary to increase the area of the light shielding layer and the aperture ratio is reduced. By overlapping and using two or more light shielding layers, the diffracted light can be shielded without increasing the area of the light shielding layer. Note that the first light shielding layer may be formed of a conductive pattern formed simultaneously with the source electrode or the drain electrode, or may be formed of a part of the source electrode or a part of the drain electrode.

The structure of the invention disclosed in this specification includes a semiconductor layer on an insulating surface, an insulating film on the semiconductor layer, a gate electrode overlapping the semiconductor layer on the insulating film, and an insulating film on the gate electrode. A first light-shielding layer on the insulating film, an insulating film on the first light-shielding layer, and a second light-shielding layer on the insulating film, from the second light-shielding layer toward the semiconductor layer The first light-shielding layer and the gate electrode are arranged inside the peripheral edge of the second light-shielding layer so as to shield the light diffracted by the second light-shielding layer when light is irradiated in the direction. This is a semiconductor device.

According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a semiconductor layer on an insulating surface, an insulating film on the semiconductor layer, a gate electrode overlapping the semiconductor layer on the insulating film, an insulating film on the gate electrode, A first light-shielding layer on the insulating film; an insulating film on the first light-shielding layer; and a second light-shielding layer on the insulating film;
A semiconductor device characterized in that the second light-shielding layer and the gate electrode are overlapped or the second light-shielding layer and the first light-shielding layer are superimposed above in all regions of the semiconductor layer in the pixel portion. It is.

In each of the above structures, the gate electrode is patterned in an island shape.

In each of the above structures, the gate electrode is mainly composed of an element selected from poly-Si, W, WSi x , Al, Ta, Cr, or Mo doped with an impurity element imparting conductivity type. It is characterized by comprising a film or a laminated film thereof.

According to the present invention, the light diffracted by the third light shielding layer provided above the semiconductor layer is shielded by the second light shielding layer or the gate electrode, and further, the first light shielding provided below the semiconductor layer. The layer shields light from the outside (or reflected light from the substrate surface, etc.). Note that the second light shielding layer may be formed of a conductive pattern formed simultaneously with the source electrode or the drain electrode, or may be formed of a part of the source electrode or a part of the drain electrode.

The structure of the invention disclosed in this specification includes a first light shielding layer on an insulating surface, a first insulating film on the first light shielding layer, a semiconductor layer on the first insulating film, and the semiconductor layer. A second insulating film; a second wiring on the second insulating film; a gate electrode connected to the first light shielding layer; a third insulating film on the second wiring and the gate electrode; A second light-blocking layer that overlaps the semiconductor layer with a third insulating film interposed therebetween; a fourth insulating film on the second light-blocking layer; and a third light-blocking layer on the fourth insulating film. A semiconductor device characterized in that, when light is irradiated in a direction from the third light shielding layer toward the semiconductor layer, the light diffracted by the third light shielding layer is shielded by the second light shielding layer and the gate electrode. It is.

In the above structure, the semiconductor layer and the second wiring overlap with each other with the second insulating film interposed therebetween.

In the above structure, a storage capacitor using the second insulating film as a dielectric is formed in a region where the second wiring and the semiconductor layer overlap with each other through the second insulating film. .

In the above structure, an impurity element imparting a conductivity type is added to a region of the semiconductor layer which overlaps with the second wiring with the second insulating film interposed therebetween.

In the above structure, the second light shielding layer is a resin including a conductive layer or a dye and having a light shielding property.

In the above structure, an electrode in contact with the semiconductor layer and a pixel electrode connected to the electrode are provided over the third insulating film. Further, the electrode in contact with the semiconductor layer is integrally formed with the second light shielding layer on the third insulating film.

In the above structure, the first wiring is a scanning line, the second wiring is a capacitor wiring, and the second insulating film is a gate insulating film.

In the above structure, the gate electrode is patterned in an island shape.

In the above structure, the gate electrode is a film mainly composed of an element selected from poly-Si, W, WSi x , Al, Ta, Cr, or Mo doped with an impurity element imparting conductivity type. Alternatively, it is characterized by comprising a laminated film thereof.

According to the present invention, the light diffracted by the light shielding layer provided above the semiconductor layer can be shielded,
Variations in TFT characteristics arranged in each pixel, typically off current, can be suppressed, and image quality deterioration can be suppressed.

In addition, according to the present invention, a storage capacitor is increased, and a plurality of pixels connected to each scanning line have independent capacitor wirings, so that each pixel can continuously or simultaneously signal an adjacent pixel. Even when writing is performed, it is not affected by the write current of the adjacent pixels, and furthermore, since the current load is distributed over time in each capacitor line, the effective load is reduced and the requirement for the capacitor line resistance is eased.

Therefore, according to the liquid crystal display device using the present invention, a liquid crystal display element having both a high aperture ratio and a storage capacitor that holds a sufficient display signal potential in each pixel can be obtained, thereby reducing the size and power consumption of the device. A good display image can be obtained while achieving this.

The figure which shows a cross-section figure. The figure which shows the relationship between the light intensity diffracted by the edge part of a light shielding layer, and the distance from the edge part of a light shielding layer. FIG. 6 is a top view illustrating a part of a pixel portion. 10A and 10B are a manufacturing process cross-sectional view and a top view of a pixel portion. 10A and 10B are a manufacturing process cross-sectional view and a top view of a pixel portion. 10A and 10B are a manufacturing process cross-sectional view and a top view of a pixel portion. 10A and 10B are a manufacturing process cross-sectional view and a top view of a pixel portion. 10A and 10B are a manufacturing process cross-sectional view and a top view of a pixel portion. 10A and 10B are a manufacturing process cross-sectional view and a top view of a pixel portion. The top view of a pixel part. (Example 2) The top view of a pixel part. Example 3 The top view of a pixel part. (Example 4) Graph showing relationship between ΔV and light intensity (Examples 1 to 4) 10A and 10B are a manufacturing process cross-sectional view and a top view of a pixel portion. (Example 5) Distribution diagram of on-current values. (Example 5) The off-current value distribution map. (Example 5) FIG. 14 illustrates an example of an electronic device. FIG. 14 illustrates an example of an electronic device. FIG. 14 illustrates an example of an electronic device.

  Embodiments of the present invention will be described below.

FIG. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional view showing an example of an embodiment of the present invention. In FIG. 1, 100 is a substrate, 101 is a scanning line (first light shielding layer), 102 is an insulating film, 103 is a semiconductor layer, 104 is a gate electrode, 105 is an insulating film, 106 is a second light shielding layer, and 107 is an insulating film. , 108 is a third light shielding layer, 1
09 is an insulating film, 110 is a pixel electrode, 111 and 113 are alignment films, 112 is a liquid crystal material, and 114.
Is a counter electrode, and 115 is a counter substrate. Reference numeral 116 denotes light from the light source, and reference numeral 117 denotes light diffracted at the end of the third light shielding layer.

In the present invention, a part of the source electrode or the drain electrode is used as the second light shielding layer 106 to block the light 117 diffracted at the end of the third light shielding layer without increasing the number of steps.
By doing so, the diffracted light can be shielded without sacrificing the aperture ratio.

Further, the present invention is characterized in that the scanning line 101 (also serving as the first light shielding layer) is formed in a layer different from the gate electrode 104 in order to improve the aperture ratio and increase the storage capacitance. By increasing the storage capacitor, a pixel structure that does not cause a problem even if a parasitic capacitor formed by the second light shielding layer 106 and the gate electrode 104 exists can be obtained. The scanning line 101 blocks light from the outside (or light reflected from the substrate surface). An example of the configuration around the TFT in one pixel of the present invention is shown in FIG.

In FIG. 3, a top view of the pixel TFT is shown in the order of steps in order to simply show the stacked structure.
Here, only the lamination process will be described briefly.

First, the scan line 402 is formed on the insulating surface. Next, an insulating film covering the scan line is formed, and a semiconductor layer 404 is formed over the insulating film so as to overlap with at least a region to be a channel formation region. Note that the scanning line functions as a first light shielding layer.

Next, an insulating film covering the semiconductor layer is formed, and the gate electrode 410 connected to the scanning line 402 and the capacitor wiring 411 are formed simultaneously over the insulating film. Note that a region of the semiconductor layer that overlaps with the gate electrode 410 with an insulating film interposed therebetween serves as a channel formation region (FIG. 3B). In addition, the semiconductor layer overlapping with the capacitor wiring through the insulating film serves as one electrode forming a capacitor.

Next, an insulating film covering the gate electrode and the capacitor wiring is formed, and a source wiring (including a source electrode) 419 connected to the semiconductor layer and a drain electrode 418 connected to the semiconductor layer are formed over the insulating film at the same time. (FIG. 3C) At this stage, in all regions of the semiconductor layer, the gate electrode,
It is overlapped with either the source wiring or the drain electrode. Part of the source wiring,
Alternatively, a part of the drain electrode functions as a second light shielding layer.

Next, an insulating film that covers the source wiring or the drain electrode is formed, and a third light-shielding layer 421 is formed over the insulating film. (FIG. 3D) Note that the pattern peripheral portion of the third light-shielding layer is arranged with a certain margin outside the gate electrode pattern.
By providing the second light shielding layer and the third light shielding layer in this manner, it is possible to prevent the semiconductor layer from being irradiated with light diffracted at the end of the third light shielding layer.

Next, an insulating film covering the third light shielding layer is formed, and a pixel electrode 423 connected to the drain electrode is formed on the insulating film. (FIG. 3E) Note that since the third light-shielding layer cannot be provided at a position where the pixel electrode and the drain electrode are connected, it is desirable that the distance from the channel formation region be as large as possible.

In the present invention, the storage capacitor is formed such that the lower electrode is a semiconductor film, the insulating film covering the semiconductor film is a dielectric, and the upper electrode is a capacitor wiring 411. Note that the storage capacitor may be increased by partially thinning an insulating film covering the semiconductor film.

In addition, according to this configuration, the TFT of each pixel can have a dual gate structure including a gate electrode via an insulating film above and below the channel formation region, and the first insulating film has an appropriate film thickness. By setting to T, while suppressing the parasitic capacitance formed by the scanning line and other wiring, T
The characteristics of FT can be improved.

Further, the present invention is characterized in that, unlike the conventional case (capacitive wiring is parallel to the scanning line), the capacitive wiring is arranged in parallel to the signal line. Accordingly, video signals are continuously written to the pixels corresponding to the respective scanning lines from the driving method, but at this time, the corresponding pixels are connected to the holding capacitors formed by the independent capacitance wirings. Variations in the capacitance wiring potential due to the write current of adjacent pixels can be avoided, and a good display image can be obtained.

Conventionally, each signal line is provided with a sample hold capacitor in order to prevent a decrease in signal line potential (write potential) during each scanning line writing period. However, in the present invention, the capacitor wiring is parallel to the signal line. In addition, since the parasitic capacitance of the signal line is increased and the signal line potential retention characteristics are improved, it is not necessary to provide a sample hold capacitor in the peripheral circuit portion, and the peripheral circuit is smaller than the conventional one. Can be

Also, for the same reason, the required performance on the capacitance wiring resistance is eased, so the design flexibility of the layout, size, and film thickness of the capacitance wiring increases, and the range of selection of the capacitance wiring material increases, and the design difficulty and Manufacturing difficulty is reduced, leading to higher manufacturing yield.

The present invention having the above-described configuration will be described in more detail with the following examples.

Hereinafter, an embodiment of the present invention will be described by taking a projection type dot sequential liquid crystal display device as an example.

An active matrix liquid crystal display device using TFT as a switching element has a structure in which a substrate (active matrix substrate) in which pixel electrodes are arranged in a matrix and an opposite substrate on which a counter electrode is formed are opposed to each other with a liquid crystal layer interposed therebetween. It has become. The distance between the two substrates is controlled to a predetermined interval via a spacer or the like, and a liquid crystal layer is sealed by using a sealing material on the outer periphery of the pixel portion.

Further, the active matrix substrate includes a pixel portion, a scanning line driving circuit formed around the pixel portion, and a signal line driving circuit.

The scanning line driving circuit is mainly configured by a shift register that sequentially transfers scanning signals. The signal line driver circuit is mainly composed of a shift register and a sample-and-hold circuit that samples and holds a video signal input based on the shift register output and drives the signal line.

The pixel portion includes a plurality of scanning lines (gate wirings) connected to the scanning line driving circuit and arranged in parallel with each other at a predetermined interval, and a plurality of scanning lines (gate wirings) connected to the signal line driving circuit and arranged in parallel with each other at a predetermined interval. The signal lines intersect with each other, and the TFTs are disposed at the intersecting positions, and the pixel electrodes are disposed in the respective areas partitioned by the scanning lines and the signal lines. With this configuration, the pixel electrodes are arranged in a matrix. A plurality of capacitor wirings connected to GND (ground) or a fixed potential are provided in parallel with the signal lines.

Hereinafter, a manufacturing process of the semiconductor device of this example is briefly described. For the description, FIGS. 4 to 13 showing a top view and a cross-sectional view of a part of the pixel portion are used.

First, a conductive film is formed over the substrate 401 having an insulating surface, and the scanning lines 402 are formed by patterning. (Fig. 4 (A))

The scanning line 402 also functions as a light shielding layer that protects an active layer formed later from light.
Here, a quartz substrate is used as the substrate 401, and a polysilicon film (thickness 5) is used as the scanning line 402.
0 nm) and a tungsten silicide (W—Si) film (thickness: 100 nm). The polysilicon film protects the contamination from the tungsten silicide to the substrate. As the substrate 401, a glass substrate or a plastic substrate can be used in addition to a quartz substrate. When a glass substrate is used, heat treatment may be performed in advance at a temperature lower by about 10 to 20 ° C. than the glass strain point. Further, on the surface of the substrate 401 on which the TFT is formed, the substrate 4
In order to prevent impurity diffusion from 01, a base film made of an insulating film such as a silicon oxide film, a silicon nitride film, or a silicon oxynitride film is preferably formed. As the scanning line 402, poly-Si or WSi x (X = 2.0 to 2.8) doped with an impurity element imparting conductivity type is used.
, Al, Ta, W, Cr, Mo, and other conductive materials and their laminated structures can be used.

Next, insulating films 403a and 403b covering the scanning lines 402 are formed to a thickness of 100 to 1000 nm (
(Typically 300 to 500 nm). Here, a silicon oxide film having a thickness of 100 nm using the CVD method and a silicon oxide film having a thickness of 280 nm using the LPCVD method are stacked.

In addition, after the insulating film 403b is formed, a process of chemically and mechanically polishing the surface of the insulating film (
Typically, planarization may be performed by a CMP technique). For example, the maximum height of the insulating film surface (
Rmax) is 0.5 μm or less, preferably 0.3 μm or less.

Next, an amorphous semiconductor film is formed with a thickness of 10 to 100 nm. Here, an amorphous silicon film (amorphous silicon film) having a thickness of 69 nm is formed by LPCVD. Next, the amorphous semiconductor film was crystallized using the technique described in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 8-78329 as a technique for crystallizing the amorphous semiconductor film. The technique described in this publication is to selectively add a metal element that promotes crystallization to an amorphous silicon film and perform a heat treatment to form a crystalline silicon film that spreads from the added region as a starting point. is there. Here, nickel is used as a metal element for promoting crystallization,
After heat treatment for dehydrogenation (450 ° C., 1 hour), heat treatment for crystallization (600 ° C.,
12 hours). Next, irradiation with laser light (XeCl: wavelength 308 nm) is performed to increase the crystallization rate and repair defects remaining in the crystal grains. Laser light has a wavelength of 400nm
The following excimer laser light and second and third harmonics of a YAG laser are used.
In any case, a pulse laser beam having a repetition frequency of about 10 to 1000 Hz is used, and the laser beam is condensed to 100 to 400 mJ / cm 2 by an optical system and irradiated with an overlap rate of 90 to 95%. The film surface may be scanned.

Next, Ni is gettered from the region used as the active layer of the TFT. Here, an example is shown in which a gettering method is performed using a semiconductor film containing a rare gas element. In addition to the oxide film formed by the laser light irradiation, the surface is treated with ozone water for 120 seconds to form a barrier layer made of an oxide film having a total thickness of 1 to 5 nm. Next, an amorphous silicon film containing an argon element serving as a gettering site is formed with a thickness of 150 nm on the barrier layer by a sputtering method. The film formation conditions by the sputtering method of this example are as follows: the film formation pressure is 0.3 Pa, and the gas (Ar) flow rate is 50 (
sccm), the deposition power is 3 kW, and the substrate temperature is 150 ° C. Note that the atomic concentration of the argon element contained in the amorphous silicon film under the above conditions is 3 × 10 20 / cm 3 to 6 × 10 2.
0 / cm 3, the atomic concentration of oxygen is 1 × 10 19 / cm 3 ~3 × 10 19 / cm 3. Thereafter, heat treatment is performed at 650 ° C. for 3 minutes using a lamp annealing apparatus to perform gettering. An electric furnace may be used instead of the lamp annealing apparatus.

Next, the amorphous silicon film containing an argon element as a gettering site is selectively removed using the barrier layer as an etching stopper, and then the barrier layer is selectively removed with dilute hydrofluoric acid. Note that during gettering, nickel tends to move to a region with a high oxygen concentration, and thus it is desirable to remove the barrier layer made of an oxide film after gettering.

Next, after forming a thin oxide film with ozone water on the surface of the obtained silicon film having a crystal structure (also called a polysilicon film), a mask made of resist is formed and etched into a desired shape to form islands. The separated semiconductor layer 404 is formed. After the semiconductor layer 404 is formed, the resist mask is removed. Note that FIG. 4C2 is a top view of the pixel after the semiconductor layer 404 is formed. In FIG. 4C2, a cross-sectional view taken along the dotted line AA ′ corresponds to FIG. FIG. 4C2 also corresponds to FIG. 3A described in the embodiment, and the same reference numerals are used for the same portions.

Further, after forming the semiconductor layer, an impurity element imparting p-type or n-type conductivity may be added in order to control the threshold value (Vth) of the TFT. As impurity elements imparting p-type to a semiconductor, periodic group 13 elements such as boron (B), aluminum (Al), and gallium (Ga) are known. Note that as an impurity element imparting n-type conductivity to a semiconductor, an element belonging to Group 15 of the periodic table, typically phosphorus (P) or arsenic (As) is known.

Next, in order to form a storage capacitor, a mask 405 is formed, and a part of the semiconductor layer (a region to be a storage capacitor) 406 is doped with phosphorus. (Fig. 5 (A))

Next, after removing the mask 405 and forming an insulating film covering the semiconductor layer, the mask 407 is formed and the insulating film over the region 406 serving as a storage capacitor is removed. (Fig. 5B)
)

Next, the mask 407 is removed, and thermal oxidation is performed to form an insulating film (gate insulating film) 408a. By this thermal oxidation, the final gate insulating film thickness was 80 nm. Note that an insulating film 408b thinner than other regions was formed over the region serving as the storage capacitor. (FIG. 5C1) A top view of the pixel here is shown in FIG. 5C2. In FIG. 5C2, a cross-sectional view taken along dotted line BB ′ corresponds to FIG. In addition, a region indicated by a chain line in FIG. 5 is a portion where a thin insulating film 408b is formed.

Next, a channel doping process for adding a p-type or n-type impurity element at a low concentration to a region to be a channel region of the TFT was performed over the entire surface or selectively. This channel doping process is performed by T
This is a process for controlling the FT threshold voltage. Here, boron was added by an ion doping method in which diborane (B 2 H 6 ) was plasma-excited without mass separation. Of course, an ion implantation method that performs mass separation may be used.

Next, a mask 409 is formed over the insulating film 408a and the insulating films 403a and 403b,
A contact hole reaching the scanning line 402 is formed. (FIG. 6A) Then, after the contact hole is formed, the mask is removed.

Next, a conductive film is formed and patterned to form the gate electrode 410 and the capacitor wiring 41.
1 is formed. Here, a silicon film doped with phosphorus (thickness 150 n)
m) and a tungsten silicide (thickness 150 nm) laminated structure was used. Note that the storage capacitor includes a capacitor wiring 411 and a part 406 of the semiconductor layer, with the insulating film 408b as a dielectric.

Next, phosphorus is added at a low concentration in a self-aligning manner using the gate electrode 410 and the capacitor wiring 411 as a mask. (FIG. 6 (C1)) The pixel top view here is shown in FIG. 6 (C2).
Shown in In FIG. 6C2, a cross-sectional view taken along dotted line C1-C1 ′ and a dotted line C2-C2
A cross-sectional view taken along the line 'corresponds to FIG. The concentration of phosphorus in this low concentration region is 1 × 10 16 to 5 × 10 18 atoms / cm 3 , typically 3 × 10 17 to 3 × 10 18.
Adjust to atoms / cm 3 . 6C2 also corresponds to FIG. 3B described in the embodiment, and the same portions are denoted by the same reference numerals.

Next, a mask 412 is formed, phosphorus is added at a high concentration, and a high concentration impurity region 413 to be a source region or a drain region is formed. (FIG. 7A) The phosphorus concentration in this high concentration impurity region is 1 × 10 20 to 1 × 10 21 atoms / cm 3 (typically 2 × 10 20 to 5 × 1).
0 20 atoms / cm 3 ). Note that in the semiconductor layer 404, a region overlapping with the gate electrode 410 becomes a channel formation region 414, and a region covered with the mask 412 becomes a low-concentration impurity region 415 and functions as an LDD region. Then, after the impurity element is added, the mask 412 is removed.

Next, although not shown here, in order to form a p-channel TFT used for a driver circuit formed over the same substrate as the pixel, a region that becomes an n-channel TFT is covered with a mask, and boron is added to form a source region. Alternatively, a drain region is formed.

Next, after the mask 412 is removed, a passivation film 416 that covers the gate electrode 410 and the capacitor wiring 411 is formed. Here, a silicon oxide film was formed with a thickness of 70 nm. Next, a heat treatment step for activating the n-type or p-type impurity element added to the semiconductor layer at each concentration is performed. Here, heat treatment was performed at 850 ° C. for 30 minutes.

Next, an interlayer insulating film 417 made of an organic resin material is formed. Here the film thickness is 400nm
An acrylic resin film was used. Next, after forming a contact hole reaching the semiconductor layer,
A drain electrode 418 and a source wiring 419 are formed. In this embodiment, the drain electrode 418 is used.
And source wiring 419, a Ti film of 100 nm and an aluminum film containing Ti of 300 nm
A laminated film having a three-layer structure in which a Ti film of 150 nm was continuously formed by a sputtering method was used. (Fig. 7 (
B1)) As shown in FIG. 7B1, light to the semiconductor layer is blocked by the source wiring 419 and the drain electrode 418. The source wiring 419 and the drain electrode 418 block light diffracted at an end portion of a light shielding layer to be formed later. Note that a cross-sectional view taken along dotted line DD ′ in FIG. 7B2 corresponds to FIG. 7B1. 7B2 is the same as FIG. 3C shown in the embodiment mode.
) And the same reference numerals are used for the same parts.

Next, after performing a hydrogenation process, an interlayer insulating film 420 made of acrylic is formed.
Next, a light-shielding conductive film 100 nm is formed over the interlayer insulating film 420, and the light-shielding layer 421 is formed.
Form. (FIG. 8A) In FIG. 8A, a cross-sectional view taken along the dotted line EE ′ is shown in FIG.
Corresponds to (B). FIG. 8B corresponds to FIG. 3D shown in the embodiment mode, and the same portions are denoted by the same reference numerals.

Next, an interlayer insulating film 422 is formed. Next, a contact hole reaching the drain electrode 418 is formed. Next, a 100 nm transparent conductive film (here, indium tin oxide (
After the ITO) film is formed, patterning is performed to form pixel electrodes 423 and 424. (FIG. 9A) In FIG. 9A, a cross-sectional view taken along the dotted line FF ′ corresponds to FIG. 9B. Further, FIG. 9B corresponds to FIG. 3E shown in the embodiment mode, and the same portions are denoted by the same reference numerals.

Thus, in the pixel portion, the area (aperture ratio 74) of the display region (pixel size 23 μm × 23 μm).
. 5%), a pixel TFT made of an n-channel TFT is formed, and a sufficient storage capacity (55.2 fF) can be obtained.

Needless to say, the present embodiment is an example and is not limited to the steps of the present embodiment.
For example, as each conductive film, tantalum (Ta), titanium (Ti), molybdenum (Mo),
An element selected from tungsten (W), chromium (Cr), and silicon (Si), or an alloy film (typically, a Mo—W alloy or a Mo—Ta alloy) in which the elements are combined can be used. As each insulating film, a silicon oxide film, a silicon nitride film, a silicon oxynitride film, an organic resin material (polyimide, acrylic, polyamide, polyimide amide, BCB (
Benzocyclobutene) etc.)
A membrane can be used.

Further, the off-state current of the TFT thus obtained is small, and it is suitable as a TFT in the pixel portion. In addition, the variation in TFT characteristics is small. FIG. 9 shows the variation in characteristics of the TFT with respect to the light intensity and ΔV (
(V-T curve fluctuation value). This ΔV is obtained as a VT curve, the light from the light source is taken as 100%, and the V value when the transmittance T, which is the vertical axis of the VT curve, is 50%, The value of the pixel to be applied is different from the value of the pixel to be applied last, and the absolute value of the difference is indicated. It can be said that the smaller the value of ΔV, the smaller the variation in TFT characteristics. Moreover, it can be said that the smaller the change with respect to the light intensity on the horizontal axis (the light source used in the measurement) is, the smaller the deterioration with respect to light is.

  This embodiment shows an example in which the pixel structure shown in FIG. 10 is used instead of the pixel structure of the first embodiment.

This embodiment is different from the first embodiment only in the pattern shapes of the source wiring and the drain electrode, and the other structures are the same. Therefore, only different points will be described here.

In the first embodiment, the semiconductor layer is shielded from light by the light shielding layer, and further, the semiconductor layer is shielded from a part of the source wiring. In addition, a drain electrode partially overlapping with the gate electrode and the insulating film is provided. In this embodiment, the semiconductor layer is shielded only by the light shielding layer 521.

Note that FIG. 10A corresponds to FIG. 7B2, and the source wiring 419 is replaced with the source wiring 519 and the drain electrode 418 is replaced with the drain electrode 518. In addition, FIG.
FIG. 8B corresponds to FIG. 8B and the light shielding layer 52 having the same pattern shape as the light shielding layer 421.
Set to 1.

FIG. 13 shows the relationship between the light intensity and ΔV (the variation value of the VT curve) as the variation in characteristics of the TFT of this example. In the present embodiment, the TFT variation is larger than that in the first embodiment. On the other hand, the pixel structure of this embodiment is used to form the gate electrode, the drain electrode, and the insulating film sandwiched between the electrodes in the first embodiment. Parasitic capacitance can be reduced.

  This embodiment shows an example in which the pixel structure shown in FIG. 11 is used instead of the pixel structure of the first embodiment.

In this embodiment, only the pattern shape of the light shielding layer is different from that of the first embodiment, and the other structures are the same. Therefore, only different points will be described here.

In the first embodiment, the pattern shape of the light shielding layer is a shape that completely covers the gate electrode (the end portion of the gate electrode and the end portion of the light shielding layer do not coincide with each other). In this example, the pattern shape is reduced and the end portion of the light shielding layer 621 partially matches the end portion of the gate electrode.

Note that FIG. 11 corresponds to FIG. 8B and is a light shielding layer 621 having a pattern different from that of the light shielding layer 421.

FIG. 13 shows the relationship between the light intensity and ΔV (the variation value of the VT curve) as the variation in characteristics of the TFT of this example. In this embodiment, the variation in TFT is larger than that in Embodiment 1, but the aperture ratio can be improved by using the pixel structure of this embodiment. Also, from the experimental results of this example and Example 1, it can be seen that the characteristic variation is affected only by the pattern shape of the light shielding layer.

  This embodiment shows an example in which the pixel structure shown in FIG. 12 is used instead of the pixel structure of the first embodiment.

In the present embodiment, only the contact position of the pixel electrode is different from that of the first embodiment, and the other structures are the same. Therefore, only different points will be described here.

In the first embodiment, the contact position between the drain electrode and the pixel electrode and the contact position between the gate electrode and the scanning line are separated from each other. However, in this embodiment, both contact positions are disposed at substantially the same position. This is an example. Further, as shown in FIG. 12, the pattern shape of the semiconductor layer and the shape of the capacitor wiring were slightly changed.

Note that FIG. 12A corresponds to FIG. 7B2, and the source wiring 419 is replaced with the source wiring 719 and the drain electrode 418 is replaced with the drain electrode 718. In addition, FIG.
B) corresponds to FIG. 8B, and the light shielding layer 7 has a pattern shape different from that of the light shielding layer 421.
21. FIG. 12C corresponds to FIG. 9 and is a pixel electrode 723 having the same pattern shape as the pixel electrode 423.

FIG. 13 shows the relationship between the light intensity and ΔV (the variation value of the VT curve) as the variation in characteristics of the TFT of this example. In this embodiment, the variation in TFT is larger than that in Embodiment 1, but the aperture ratio can be improved by using the pixel structure of this embodiment. Further, it can be seen from the experimental results of the present embodiment and the embodiment 1 that the characteristic variation is affected only by the contact position of the pixel electrode.

  In this embodiment, a TFT structure different from that in Embodiment 1 is shown.

The TFT structure of Example 1 has a structure (double gate structure) having two channel forming regions between a source region and a drain region. Such a double gate structure is effective because it can provide redundancy for TFT characteristic defects. However, since the TFT of Example 1 has a double gate structure, the area occupied by the TFT with respect to one pixel increases, and the aperture ratio decreases. Therefore, in this embodiment, as shown in FIG. 14A, the resist mask 412 is designed in the process of FIG.
Instead of 2, the structure is such that a low-concentration impurity region (LDD region) is not provided between two channel formation regions. Note that the element substrate may be formed in accordance with Embodiment 1 up to the step of FIG.
High concentration doping is performed using the resist mask 812 shown in FIG.
A high concentration impurity region 813 is formed. A semiconductor region between the two channel formation regions 814 is a high-concentration impurity region 813 containing an impurity element as much as a source region or a drain region. With the TFT configuration of this embodiment, the distance between the two channel formation regions 814 can be shortened, and the area occupied by the TFT for one pixel can be reduced.

Next, after removing the mask as in Example 1, insulating films 816 and 817 are formed to cover the gate electrode and the capacitor wiring, and a source wiring (including a source electrode) 819 connected to the semiconductor layer is formed over the insulating film; A drain electrode 818 connected to the semiconductor layer is formed at the same time. (Fig. 14 (B)
At this stage, all the regions of the semiconductor layer are overlapped with any one of the gate electrode, the source wiring, and the drain electrode. Note that part of the source wiring or part of the drain electrode functions as a second light shielding layer.

Next, an insulating film that covers the source wiring or the drain electrode is formed, and a third light-shielding layer 821 is formed over the insulating film. Note that the pattern peripheral edge of the third light shielding layer is arranged with a certain margin on the outside of the gate electrode pattern. By providing the second light shielding layer and the third light shielding layer in this manner, it is possible to prevent the semiconductor layer from being irradiated with light diffracted at the end of the third light shielding layer.

Next, an insulating film covering the third light shielding layer is formed, and a pixel electrode 823 connected to the drain electrode is formed on the insulating film. (FIG. 14C) Since the third light-shielding layer cannot be provided at the position where the pixel electrode and the drain electrode are connected, it is desirable to make the distance from the channel formation region as large as possible.

Further, the TFT structure of this example has an on-current value higher than the on-current value of the TFT shown in Example 1 (on-current value indicating the maximum value of the probability distribution curve = 3.09 × 10 −5 A) ( The on-current value indicating the maximum value of the probability distribution curve = 4.24 × 10 −5 A), which is very effective. FIG. 15 shows a probability distribution diagram of off-state current values.

FIG. 16 shows a probability distribution diagram of off-state current values. Further, the off-current value of the TFT of this example is approximately the same as that of Example 1. 15 and FIG. 16, a sample A in which the interval between two channel formation regions is 1 μm and a sample B in which the distance is 2 μm are prepared and compared. In addition, for comparison with this example, a sample C having the TFT structure of Example 1 was also prepared and measured. In addition, for comparison with the present example, a result of measurement by preparing a sample D in which only a low concentration impurity region (LDD region: 1 μm) is formed between two channel formation regions is also shown.

Furthermore, the TFT structure of this embodiment can reduce the off-current abnormality occurrence rate of the TFT, leading to an improvement in yield. The off-current abnormality occurrence rate of each TFT was determined. An off current of 100 f is obtained for a sample in which 12 × 17 pixels are arranged in a matrix.
When the ratio of the number of pixels exceeding A was determined as the ratio of occurrence of pixels having abnormal off-current values, Sample A was 1%, Sample B was 2%, Sample C was 3%, and Sample D was 17%. Sample A having the TFT structure of this example has the lowest off-current abnormality occurrence rate.

From these experimental results, the TFT structure of this embodiment makes it possible to use a TFT for one pixel.
If the area occupied by can be reduced, the aperture ratio or the storage capacity can be increased. For example, the area (pixel size 23 μm × 23 μm) of the display area equivalent to that in the first embodiment (pixel size 23 μm × 23 μm)
A pixel TFT made of an n-channel TFT is formed while ensuring an aperture ratio of 74.5%), and a larger storage capacitor (57.9 fF) than that of Embodiment 1 can be obtained.

In addition, this embodiment can be freely combined with any structure of Embodiments 1 to 4.

The pixel portion formed by implementing the present invention can be used for various modules (active matrix liquid crystal module, active matrix EL module, active matrix EC module). That is, the present invention can be implemented in all electronic devices in which they are incorporated in the display portion.

Such electronic devices include video cameras, digital cameras, head mounted displays (goggles type displays), car navigation systems, projectors, car stereos,
A personal computer, a portable information terminal (such as a mobile computer, a mobile phone, or an electronic book) can be used. Examples of these are shown in FIGS.

FIG. 17A illustrates a personal computer, which includes a main body 2001, an image input portion 2002, a display portion 2003, a keyboard 2004, and the like. The present invention can be applied to the display portion 2003.

FIG. 17B illustrates a video camera, which includes a main body 2101, a display portion 2102, and an audio input portion 210.
3, an operation switch 2104, a battery 2105, an image receiving unit 2106, and the like. The present invention can be applied to the display portion 2102.

FIG. 17C shows a mobile computer (mobile computer).
A camera unit 2202, an image receiving unit 2203, an operation switch 2204, a display unit 2205, and the like are included.
The present invention can be applied to the display portion 2205.

FIG. 17D illustrates a goggle type display including a main body 2301, a display portion 2302, an arm portion 2303, and the like. The present invention can be applied to the display portion 2302.

FIG. 17E shows a player using a recording medium (hereinafter referred to as a recording medium) on which a program is recorded, and includes a main body 2401, a display portion 2402, a speaker portion 2403, a recording medium 2404,
Operation switch 2405 and the like are included. This player uses DVD (Dig as a recording medium).
(tial Versatile Disc), CD, etc. can be used for music appreciation, movie appreciation, games and the Internet. The present invention can be applied to the display portion 2402.

FIG. 17F illustrates a digital camera, which includes a main body 2501, a display portion 2502, and an eyepiece portion 250.
3, an operation switch 2504, an image receiving unit (not shown), and the like. The present invention can be applied to the display portion 2502.

FIG. 18A shows a front projector, which includes a projection device 2601 and a screen 26.
02 etc. are included. The present invention can be applied to a liquid crystal module 2808 that constitutes a part of the projection device 2601.

FIG. 18B shows a rear projector, which includes a main body 2701, a projection device 2702, a mirror 2703, a screen 2704, and the like. The present invention can be applied to the liquid crystal module 2808 that constitutes a part of the projection device 2702.

Note that FIG. 18C illustrates a projection device 2601 in FIGS. 18A and 18B.
2 is a diagram illustrating an example of a structure 2702. FIG. The projection devices 2601 and 2702 are the light source optical system 2
801, mirrors 2802, 2804 to 2806, a dichroic mirror 2803, a prism 2807, a liquid crystal module 2808, a phase difference plate 2809, and a projection optical system 2810. Projection optical system 2810 includes an optical system including a projection lens. Although the present embodiment shows a three-plate type example, it is not particularly limited, and for example, a single-plate type may be used. Further, the practitioner may appropriately provide an optical system such as an optical lens, a film having a polarization function, a film for adjusting a phase difference, or an IR film in the optical path indicated by an arrow in FIG. Good.

FIG. 18D illustrates an example of the structure of the light source optical system 2801 in FIG. In this embodiment, the light source optical system 2801 includes a reflector 2811 and a light source 28.
12, lens arrays 2813 and 2814, a polarization conversion element 2815, and a condenser lens 2816. Note that the light source optical system illustrated in FIG. 18D is an example and is not particularly limited.
For example, the practitioner may appropriately provide an optical system such as an optical lens, a film having a polarization function, a film for adjusting a phase difference, or an IR film in the light source optical system.

However, the projector shown in FIG. 18 shows a case where a transmissive electro-optical device is used, and an application example in a reflective electro-optical device and an EL module is not shown.

FIG. 19A illustrates a mobile phone, which includes a main body 2901, an audio output unit 2902, and an audio input unit 29.
03, display unit 2904, operation switch 2905, antenna 2906, image input unit (CCD
2907 and the like. The present invention can be applied to the display portion 2904.

FIG. 19B illustrates a portable book (electronic book), which includes a main body 3001 and display portions 3002 and 300.
3, a storage medium 3004, an operation switch 3005, an antenna 3006, and the like. The present invention can be applied to the display portions 3002 and 3003.

FIG. 19C illustrates a display, which includes a main body 3101, a support base 3102, and a display portion 3103.
Etc. The present invention can be applied to the display portion 3103.

Incidentally, the display shown in FIG. 19C is a medium-sized or large-sized display, for example, 5-20.
Inch screen size. Further, in order to form a display portion having such a size, it is preferable to use a substrate having a side of 1 m and perform mass production by performing multiple chamfering.

As described above, the applicable range of the present invention is so wide that the present invention can be applied to methods for manufacturing electronic devices in various fields. Moreover, the electronic apparatus of a present Example is realizable even if it uses the structure which consists of what combination of Examples 1-5.

Claims (5)

  1. It has a conductive layer that functions as a scanning line and functions as a light shielding layer,
    On the conductive layer, there is a crystallized silicon film,
    A first insulating film on the silicon film;
    A gate electrode on the first insulating film;
    A source wiring electrically connected to the silicon film via the first contact hole of the first insulating film;
    A drain electrode electrically connected to the silicon film through the second contact hole of the first insulating film;
    A second insulating film on the source wiring and the drain electrode;
    A pixel electrode electrically connected to the drain electrode through a third contact hole of the second insulating film;
    In the region between the first contact hole and the second contact hole, the silicon film overlaps with the source wiring and the drain electrode and does not overlap with either the source wiring or the drain electrode. Overlapping with the gate electrode;
    The liquid crystal display device, wherein a distance between the third contact hole and the channel formation region of the silicon film is longer than a distance between the second contact hole and the channel formation region.
  2. It has a conductive layer that functions as a scanning line and functions as a light shielding layer,
    A polysilicon film on the conductive layer;
    A first insulating film on the polysilicon film;
    A gate electrode on the first insulating film;
    A source wiring electrically connected to the polysilicon film through the first contact hole of the first insulating film;
    A drain electrode electrically connected to the polysilicon film through the second contact hole of the first insulating film;
    A second insulating film on the source wiring and the drain electrode;
    A pixel electrode electrically connected to the drain electrode through a third contact hole of the second insulating film;
    In the region between the first contact hole and the second contact hole, the polysilicon film overlaps with the source wiring and the drain electrode and does not overlap with either the source wiring or the drain electrode. , Overlapping with the gate electrode,
    The liquid crystal display device, wherein a distance between the third contact hole and the channel formation region of the polysilicon film is longer than a distance between the second contact hole and the channel formation region.
  3. It has a conductive layer that functions as a scanning line and functions as a light shielding layer,
    On the conductive layer, there is a crystallized silicon film,
    A first insulating film on the silicon film;
    A gate electrode on the first insulating film;
    A source wiring electrically connected to the silicon film via the first contact hole of the first insulating film;
    A drain electrode electrically connected to the silicon film through the second contact hole of the first insulating film;
    A second insulating film on the source wiring and the drain electrode;
    A pixel electrode electrically connected to the drain electrode through a third contact hole of the second insulating film;
    In the region between the first contact hole and the second contact hole, the silicon film overlaps with the source wiring and the drain electrode and does not overlap with either the source wiring or the drain electrode. Overlapping with the gate electrode;
    The drain electrode has a region overlapping the gate electrode;
    The liquid crystal display device, wherein a distance between the third contact hole and the channel formation region of the silicon film is longer than a distance between the second contact hole and the channel formation region.
  4. It has a conductive layer that functions as a scanning line and functions as a light shielding layer,
    A polysilicon film on the conductive layer;
    A first insulating film on the polysilicon film;
    A gate electrode on the first insulating film;
    A source wiring electrically connected to the polysilicon film through the first contact hole of the first insulating film;
    A drain electrode electrically connected to the polysilicon film through the second contact hole of the first insulating film;
    A second insulating film on the source wiring and the drain electrode;
    A pixel electrode electrically connected to the drain electrode through a third contact hole of the second insulating film;
    In the region between the first contact hole and the second contact hole, the polysilicon film overlaps with the source wiring and the drain electrode and does not overlap with either the source wiring or the drain electrode. , Overlapping with the gate electrode,
    The drain electrode has a region overlapping the gate electrode;
    The liquid crystal display device, wherein a distance between the third contact hole and the channel formation region of the polysilicon film is longer than a distance between the second contact hole and the channel formation region.
  5. In any one of Claims 1 thru | or 4,
    The liquid crystal display device, wherein the conductive layer includes WSi X.
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