JP6089677B2 - Power Supply - Google Patents

Power Supply Download PDF

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Publication number
JP6089677B2
JP6089677B2 JP2012277231A JP2012277231A JP6089677B2 JP 6089677 B2 JP6089677 B2 JP 6089677B2 JP 2012277231 A JP2012277231 A JP 2012277231A JP 2012277231 A JP2012277231 A JP 2012277231A JP 6089677 B2 JP6089677 B2 JP 6089677B2
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switching
power supply
diode
input
synchronous rectification
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JP2014121249A (en
Inventor
宏 中尾
宏 中尾
遊 米澤
遊 米澤
中島 善康
善康 中島
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富士通株式会社
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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M7/00Conversion of ac power input into dc power output; Conversion of dc power input into ac power output
    • H02M7/02Conversion of ac power input into dc power output without possibility of reversal
    • H02M7/04Conversion of ac power input into dc power output without possibility of reversal by static converters
    • H02M7/06Conversion of ac power input into dc power output without possibility of reversal by static converters using discharge tubes without control electrode or semiconductor devices without control electrode
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M1/00Details of apparatus for conversion
    • H02M1/42Circuits or arrangements for compensating for or adjusting power factor in converters or inverters
    • H02M1/4208Arrangements for improving power factor of AC input
    • H02M1/4225Arrangements for improving power factor of AC input using a non-isolated boost converter
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M3/00Conversion of dc power input into dc power output
    • H02M3/02Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac
    • H02M3/04Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac by static converters
    • H02M3/10Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode
    • H02M3/145Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode using devices of a triode or transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal
    • H02M3/155Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode using devices of a triode or transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only
    • H02M3/156Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode using devices of a triode or transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only with automatic control of output voltage or current, e.g. switching regulators
    • H02M3/158Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode using devices of a triode or transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only with automatic control of output voltage or current, e.g. switching regulators including plural semiconductor devices as final control devices for a single load
    • H02M3/1584Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode using devices of a triode or transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only with automatic control of output voltage or current, e.g. switching regulators including plural semiconductor devices as final control devices for a single load with a plurality of power processing stages connected in parallel
    • Y02B70/126
    • Y02P80/112

Description

  The present invention relates to a power supply device.

  In recent years, saving of energy resources in various fields has attracted attention, and for example, the influence has spread to the field of power supplies. Specifically, for example, higher efficiency of the switching power supply device has been demanded.

  A power factor correction (PFC) converter that improves the power factor of a switching power supply unit is a diode bridge that performs full-wave rectification by inputting commercial AC power and a boost chopper circuit that inputs the full-wave rectified voltage. It is configured. Furthermore, there is a switching power supply device that acts as a bridgeless PFC without a rectifier bridge circuit in order to reduce power loss in the diode bridge circuit.

  FIG. 1 shows an example of a circuit diagram of a switching power supply device having a bridgeless PFC circuit. In the switching power supply device shown in FIG. 1, a commercial AC power supply is connected to the first input terminal A1 and the second input terminal A2, and the AC input voltage VAC is input. The input stage of this switching power supply device is not provided with a diode bridge for full-wave rectification of the AC input voltage VAC.

  A first series circuit including a first switching element TR1 and a first diode D1 is connected in parallel to the two output terminals P1 and P2. A second series circuit including the second switching element TR2 and the second diode D2 is connected in parallel to the two output terminals P1 and P2. For example, a MOSFET (Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor) is used as the switching element.

  And the smoothing circuit by the capacitor | condenser C1 which smoothes DC output is parallelly connected with respect to the two output terminals P1 and P2.

  The first inductor L1, the first switching element TR1, the first diode D1, and the capacitor C1 connected in a T shape form a first PFC circuit, and the AC input voltage VAC is in a positive cycle. It operates as an active filter circuit that reduces distortion such as harmonics contained in the AC input current and improves the power factor of power.

  The second inductor L2, the second switching element TR2, the second diode D2, and the capacitor C1 connected in a T shape form a second PFC circuit, and the AC input voltage VAC is in a negative cycle. It operates as an active filter circuit that reduces distortion such as harmonics contained in the AC input current and improves the power factor of power.

  A first inductor L1 is inserted between a connection point between the first switching element TR1 and the first diode D1 and the first input terminal A1 of the AC input power supply. A second inductor L2 is inserted between the connection point of the second switching element TR2 and the second diode D2 and the second input terminal A2 of the AC input power supply.

  A first return diode D3 is inserted between the connection point between the first input terminal A1 and the first inductor L1 and the line of the output terminal P2. A second return diode D4 is inserted between the connection point of the second input terminal A2 and the second inductor L2 and the line of the output terminal P2.

JP 2011-152017 A Special table 2007-527687

  FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating a current path of the switching power supply device illustrated in FIG. 1 when the AC input voltage VAC is in a positive half cycle. In the positive half cycle, the first switching element TR1 is turned on / off to perform PFC control. At that time, the second switching element TR2 is also turned on / off simultaneously.

  FIG. 2A shows a current path when the first switching element TR1 is turned on, and FIG. 2B shows a current path when the first switching element TR1 is turned off.

  Referring to FIG. 2A, when the first switching element TR1 is on, the current flowing from the first input terminal A1 to the first inductor L1 is output from the first switching element TR1 to the output terminal P2. Flowing in the line. The current flowing in the line of the output terminal P2 is fed back to the second input terminal A2 via the return diode D4. However, since the second switching element TR2 which is a MOSFET is also turned on, the voltage at the return diode D4 Since the voltage drop of the second switching element TR2 is smaller than the drop, most of the feedback current flows to the second switching element TR2, and the current flowing to the return diode D4 is small.

  Referring to FIG. 2B, when the first switching element TR1 is OFF, the current flowing from the first input terminal A1 toward the first inductor L1 does not pass through the first switching element TR1. It flows to the output terminal P1 through the first diode D1. The feedback current from the output terminal P2 is fed back to the second input terminal A2 via the return diode D4, but via the parasitic diode (hereinafter body diode) BD2 of the second switching element TR2 and the second inductor L2. However, it returns to the second input terminal A2.

  Since the inductor has a property of continuously flowing a current, the second inductor L2 continues to flow a feedback current as it is even when the first switching element TR1 is turned off. Therefore, the feedback current continues to flow through the body diode BD2 of the second switching element TR2.

  In the return diode D4, the current once stops flowing at the moment when the first switching element TR1 is turned off, and then gradually flows, but the voltage of the body diode BD2 is more than the voltage drop of the return diode D4. Since the drop is smaller, most of the feedback current flows through the body diode BD2 of the second switching element TR2 that is off, and the current that flows through the return diode D4 is small.

  While the feedback current flows through the body diode BD2, power loss occurs. Therefore, in order to further improve the output efficiency of the switching power supply device, it is necessary to reduce the feedback current flowing through the body diode BD2.

  In order to reduce the loss in the body diode, the first and second switching elements TR1 and TR2 may be GaN-HEMT (High Electron Mobility Transistor) without a body diode. However, in that case, all the feedback current flows to the return diode, and loss occurs in the return diode. The loss in the return diode is even greater than the loss in the body diode.

  In view of the above, an object of the present technology is to provide a power supply device capable of reducing the power lost in the body diode of the switching element in which the bridgeless PFC is turned off.

  According to the disclosed power supply apparatus, the first series circuit connected between the first output terminal and the second output terminal, the first series circuit including the first switching element and the first rectifying element, and the first A second series circuit including a second switching element and a second rectifying element, the first switching element and the first rectifying element connected between the output terminal and the second output terminal , A first inductor inserted between a connection point between the second switching element and the second rectifying element, and a second input terminal of the AC input. A first inductor inserted between the first input terminal and a third switching element inserted between the connection point between the first inductor and the first input terminal and the second output terminal. A connection point between the element, the second inductor, and the second input terminal; A fourth switching element inserted between the second output terminal, a control circuit for controlling the first and second switching elements, and a synchronous rectification control for controlling the third and fourth switching elements; A power supply having a circuit is provided.

  According to the disclosed power supply apparatus, the bridgeless PFC circuit is provided with a switch that allows a feedback current to flow in accordance with the positive / negative cycle of the AC input, so that the feedback current does not flow through the body diode of the switching element that is turned off. Thus, it is possible to provide a power supply device that reduces power loss in the body diode and improves power efficiency.

It is a circuit diagram which shows an example of the power supply device which has a bridgeless PFC circuit. It is a figure explaining operation | movement of a bridgeless PFC circuit. It is a figure explaining operation | movement of the power supply device of a comparative example. It is a figure explaining the relationship between the ON resistance of MOSFET, and a switching loss. It is a circuit diagram of the power supply device of this embodiment. It is a figure explaining operation | movement of the power supply device of this embodiment. It is a circuit diagram which shows an example of a synchronous rectification drive circuit. It is a simulation result of operation | movement of a synchronous rectification drive circuit. It is a circuit diagram which shows another example of a synchronous rectification drive circuit. It is a simulation result of operation of another synchronous rectification drive circuit.

  First, a comparative example of a switching power supply apparatus having a bridgeless PFC circuit with reduced loss in the body diode will be described with reference to FIG.

  3, the same or equivalent components as those in the switching power supply device shown in FIG.

  The switching power supply of this comparative example does not correspond to the return diodes D3 and D4 in the switching power supply shown in FIG.

  FIGS. 3A and 3B are diagrams showing current paths when the AC input voltage VAC is in the positive half cycle. In the positive half cycle, the PFC control is performed by switching the first switching element TR1, and the second switching element TR2 is kept on.

  FIG. 3A shows a current path when the first switching element TR1 is turned on, and FIG. 3B shows a current path when the first switching element TR1 is turned off.

  Referring to FIG. 3A, when the first switching element TR1 is on, the current flowing from the first input terminal A1 to the first inductor L1 is output from the first switching element TR1 to the output terminal P2. Flowing in the line. The current flowing in the line of the output terminal P2 returns to the second input terminal A2 from the second switching element TR2 that is turned on.

  Referring to FIG. 3B, when the first switching element TR1 is off, the current flowing from the first input terminal A1 toward the first inductor L1 does not pass through the first switching element TR1. It flows to the output terminal P1 through the first diode D1. The feedback current from the output terminal P2 returns from the second switching element TR2 that is turned on to the second input terminal A2.

  In the switching power supply device of this comparative example, by keeping the second switching element TR2 on, the return diode is not required and the loss in the body diode is also eliminated. However, since the second switching element TR2 remains on during the half cycle of the AC input voltage VAC, power loss due to the ON resistance occurs during this period.

  The cause of power consumption in the switching transistor is due to the resistance component between the source and drain when the transistor is turned on, which is called the transistor's on-resistance, and when the transistor is switched on / off, which is called switching loss. May occur in the transient state.

  First, a problem caused by the on-resistance of the transistor occurs when the transistor is on. That is, when the transistor is turned on and a current is passed through the transistor, the on-resistance of the transistor generates a voltage between the current-carrying terminals of the transistor by the on-resistance and the current according to Ohm's law.

  Here, the power consumed by the transistor is the product of the current flowing through the transistor and the voltage generated between both terminals through which the current flows, so this power cannot be extracted as the output of the switching power supply. It is converted into heat, resulting in power loss.

  Next, a loss that occurs in an on / off transient state, referred to as switching loss, occurs because there is a non-zero time for both current and voltage called switching time when switching on and off. If the change in current and voltage in a transient state is approximately a function of time, the switching loss can be expressed as current × voltage × switching time / 2. It is necessary to increase the drive capability of the system, that is, to increase the switching speed.

  FIG. 4 is a graph plotting the relationship between the on-resistance of a commercially available silicon MOSFET and the switching loss due to the output capacitance. The dotted line represents the loss due to the on-resistance at a specific output. From FIG. 4, it can be seen that a MOSFET having a low on-resistance has a large switching loss, and a MOSFET having a low switching loss has a large on-resistance.

  In PFC control, switching is performed at a relatively fast cycle of 100 KHz to 200 KHz. Therefore, it is desirable to use a MOSFET that has a fast switching and a small switching loss as the switching element.

  The switch that feeds back the feedback current remains on for a period of half of the cycle (50 Hz to 60 Hz) of the AC input voltage VAC, so that the on-resistance is small in order to reduce the loss that is converted into heat generated during that period. It is desirable to use a MOSFET.

  However, as can be seen from FIG. 4, it is difficult to select a MOSFET having both a small switching loss and an on-resistance. In the switching power supply device of the comparative example, there is a problem that either the switching loss or the loss due to the on-resistance increases. That is, if the switching for PFC control and the current return are performed with the same switching element, the power loss increases.

  Exemplary embodiments according to the technology of the present disclosure will be described below in detail with reference to the drawings.

  FIG. 5 is a circuit diagram illustrating a switching power supply apparatus according to an embodiment to which the disclosed technique is applied. In FIG. 5, the same or equivalent components as those in the switching power supply device shown in FIG.

  The switching power supply device of the present embodiment includes input terminals A1 and A2, a PFC circuit, a PFC control circuit 50, output terminals P1 and P2, and a synchronous rectification control circuit 20.

  Commercial AC power (80 to 230 VAC) is input from the AC power source 1 to the input terminals A1 and A2.

  The output terminal P1 is a positive terminal that outputs DC power, and the output terminal P2 is a negative terminal that outputs DC power.

  A first series circuit including a first switching element TR1 and a first diode D1 is connected in parallel to the two output terminals P1 and P2. A second series circuit including the second switching element TR2 and the second diode D2 is connected in parallel to the two output terminals P1 and P2. For the first and second switching elements, for example, MOSFETs with high switching speed and low switching loss are desirable. A GaN-HEMT (gallium nitride-high electron mobility transistor) using gallium nitrogen (GaN) that has a high switching speed and can withstand a high breakdown voltage can also be used.

  A first inductor L1 is inserted between a connection point between the first switching element TR1 and the first diode D1 and the input terminal A1. A second inductor L2 is inserted between the connection point between the second switching element TR2 and the second diode D2 and the input terminal A2. For example, boosting inductors are used as the first and second inductors L1 and L2.

  A smoothing capacitor C1 that smoothes the DC output is connected in parallel to the two output terminals P1 and P2.

  A first PFC circuit is configured by the first inductor L1, the first switching element TR1, the first diode D1, and the smoothing capacitor C1 connected in a T-shape. The second inductor L2, the second switching element TR2, the second diode D2, and the smoothing capacitor C1 connected in a T shape form a second PFC circuit.

  The first switching element TR1 and the second switching element TR2 are turned on and off by applying a pulsed gate voltage from the PFC control circuit 50 to the gate, and PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) ) Driven.

  The PFC control circuit 50 outputs a pulsed gate voltage applied to the gates of the first and second switching elements TR1 and TR2. The PFC control circuit 50 is based on the voltage value of the AC power input from the input terminals A1 and A2, the current value of the current flowing through the first and second switching elements TR1 and TR2, and the voltage value on the output side of the smoothing capacitor C1. Thus, the duty ratio of the gate voltage is determined and applied to the gates of the first and second switching elements TR1 and TR2. As the PFC control circuit 50, for example, a multiplier circuit that can calculate a duty ratio based on a current value flowing through the first and second switching elements TR1 and TR2, a DC output voltage value, and an AC input voltage value may be used.

  The first PFC circuit operates as an active filter circuit that reduces distortion such as harmonics included in the AC input current and improves the power factor of the power when the AC input voltage VAC is in a positive cycle. The second PFC circuit operates as an active filter circuit that reduces distortion such as harmonics included in the AC input current and improves the power factor of the power when the AC input voltage VAC is in a negative cycle.

  The first and second diodes D1 and D2 only have to have a rectification direction from the first and second inductors L1 and L2 to the smoothing capacitor C1. For example, a fast recovery diode or a SiC Schottky diode may be used. Used.

  A first synchronous rectification switch SW1 is inserted between the connection point between the input terminal A1 and the first inductor L1 and the line of the output terminal P2. A second synchronous rectification switch SW2 is inserted between the connection point between the input terminal A2 and the second inductor L2 and the line of the output terminal P2. For the first and second synchronous rectification switches SW1 and SW2, for example, MOSFETs with low on-resistance are desirable. Alternatively, a GaN-HEMT with a low on-resistance can be used.

  The on / off of the first and second synchronous rectification switches SW 1 and SW 2 is controlled by the synchronous rectification drive circuit 22. The first and second synchronous rectification switches SW1 and SW2 and the synchronous rectification drive circuit 22 constitute a synchronous rectification control circuit 20.

  Next, the operation of the switching power supply device of this embodiment will be described with reference to FIG.

  FIG. 6 is a diagram showing a current path of the switching power supply device shown in FIG. 5 when the AC input voltage VAC is in the positive half cycle. In the positive half cycle, the first switching element TR1 is turned on / off to perform PFC control. At that time, the second switching element TR2 remains off.

FIG. 6A shows a current path when the first switching element TR1 is turned on.
FIG. 6B shows a current path when the first switching element TR1 is turned off.

  Referring to FIG. 6A, when the first switching element TR1 is on, the current flowing from the input terminal A1 to the first inductor L1 flows from the first switching element TR1 to the line of the output terminal P2. Flowing. The synchronous rectification drive circuit 22 detects that the AC input voltage VAC is in a positive cycle, and turns on the second synchronous rectification switch SW2.

  The current flowing through the line of the output terminal P2 is fed back to the second input terminal A2 via the second synchronous rectification switch SW2. Since the voltage drop at the second synchronous rectification switch SW2 is much smaller than the voltage drop of the body diode BD2 of the second switching element TR2, the feedback current does not flow to the body diode BD2, and the second synchronization It flows to the rectifying switch SW2.

  Referring to FIG. 6B, when the first switching element TR1 is OFF, the current flowing from the input terminal A1 toward the first inductor L1 does not pass through the first switching element TR1 and the first switching element TR1. It flows to the output terminal P1 through the diode D1. The feedback current from the output terminal P2 is fed back to the second input terminal A2 via the second synchronous rectification switch SW2. Since the voltage drop at the second synchronous rectification switch SW2 is much smaller than the voltage drop of the body diode BD2 of the second switching element TR2, the feedback current does not flow to the body diode BD2, and the second synchronization It flows to the rectifying switch SW2.

  The period during which the second synchronous rectification switch SW2 is on is a half period of the cycle (50 Hz to 60 Hz) of the AC input voltage VAC. If the second synchronous rectification switch SW2 is a MOSFET having a low on-resistance, the loss converted into heat during the period when the second synchronous rectification switch SW2 is on can be reduced.

  According to the present embodiment, since no feedback current flows through the body diode of the switching element that is turned off, there is no power loss in the body diode, and loss due to the on-resistance in the synchronous rectifier switch can be reduced. Thus, it is possible to provide a switching power supply device with good power efficiency.

  Next, an example of the synchronous rectification drive circuit 22 according to the present embodiment will be described with reference to FIGS.

  FIG. 7 is a circuit example of the synchronous rectification drive circuit 22 for driving the gates of the first and second synchronous rectification switches SW1 and SW2 in synchronization with the AC input voltage VAC. In this embodiment, the gate biases of the synchronous rectification switches SW1 and SW2 are created by dividing the AC input voltage VAC by resistance.

  In order to correspond to the world wide (80 to 230 VAC) voltage of the AC input voltage, the resistance ratio of the dividing resistors R1: R2 and R4: R3 is set to 2: 1, for example, and the maximum voltage is limited by the Zener diodes D1 to D4. .

  FIG. 8 shows simulation waveforms when AC 230 V is input as the AC input voltage to the synchronous rectification drive circuit 22 shown in FIG. 8A shows an AC input voltage waveform, FIG. 8B shows a gate waveform of the first synchronous rectification switch SW1, FIG. 8C shows a gate waveform of the second synchronous rectification switch SW2, and FIG. ) Shows a switching loss, and FIG. 8E shows a DC output voltage waveform.

  From FIG. 8B and FIG. 8C, it can be seen that a bias is applied to the gates of the first and second synchronous rectification switches SW1 and SW2 corresponding to the AC input voltage VAC. In this embodiment, the gate bias is created by the resistance voltage dividing circuit, but the same operation is possible even if a dedicated auxiliary power source and a control circuit are used.

  FIG. 9 is a circuit example of the synchronous rectification drive circuit 24 of another embodiment of the synchronous rectification drive circuit. FIG. 10 shows simulation waveforms when AC 230 V is input as the AC input voltage to the synchronous rectification drive circuit 24 shown in FIG.

  In the synchronous rectification drive circuit 22 shown in FIG. 7, it is assumed that MOSFETs having an on-resistance of 100 mΩ or less are used for the synchronous rectification switches SW1 and SW2. When input is turned on and off, the synchronous rectification switch SW1 and the synchronous rectification switch SW2 are both turned on at the same time, and a through current may be generated, leading to an increase in switching loss and a MOSFET failure.

  In the synchronous rectification drive circuit 24 shown in FIG. 9, the synchronous rectification switch SW1 and the transistors Q1 and Q2 added before the gate of the synchronous rectification switch SW2 are used to pull out the gate charge when the synchronous rectification switches SW1 and SW2 are turned off. Generation of current can be prevented.

  Although the preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail above, the present invention is not limited to the specific embodiments, and various modifications and changes can be made within the scope of the gist of the present invention described in the claims. It can be changed.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 AC power supply 20 Synchronous rectification control circuit 22, 24 Synchronous rectification drive circuit 50 PFC control circuit A1, A2 Input terminal C1 Capacitor, smoothing capacitor P1, P2 Output terminal D1, D2 Diode D3, D4 Return diode L1, L2 Inductor TR1, TR2 Switching element BD1, BD2 Body diode SW1, SW2 Synchronous rectification switch

Claims (7)

  1. A first series circuit connected between the first output terminal and the second output terminal and including a first switching element and a first rectifying element;
    A second series circuit connected between the first output terminal and the second output terminal and including a second switching element and a second rectifying element;
    A first inductor inserted between a connection point between the first switching element and the first rectifying element and a first input terminal of an AC input;
    A second inductor inserted between a connection point between the second switching element and the second rectifying element and a second input terminal of the AC input;
    A third switching element inserted between a connection point between the first inductor and the first input terminal and the second output terminal;
    A fourth switching element inserted between a connection point between the second inductor and the second input terminal and the second output terminal;
    A control circuit for controlling the first and second switching elements;
    A synchronous rectification control circuit for controlling the third and fourth switching elements ,
    The power supply apparatus according to claim 3, wherein the third and fourth switching elements have lower on-resistance than the first and second switching elements .
  2. The synchronous rectification control circuit includes:
    When the AC input voltage is positive , the third switching element is turned off and the fourth switching element is turned on.
    2. The power supply device according to claim 1, wherein when the AC input voltage is negative, the third switching element is turned on and the fourth switching element is turned off.
  3. The power supply apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the first and second switching elements are field effect transistors.
  4. The power supply apparatus according to claim 3, wherein the third and fourth switching elements are field effect transistors.
  5. The power supply apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the first and second switching elements are faster in switching speed than the third and fourth switching elements .
  6. The power supply apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the first and second switching elements are gallium nitride high electron mobility transistors .
  7. The power supply apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the third and fourth switching elements are gallium nitride high electron mobility transistors .
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JP2012277231A JP6089677B2 (en) 2012-12-19 2012-12-19 Power Supply
US14/065,799 US8749210B1 (en) 2012-12-19 2013-10-29 Power supply device
TW102139535A TWI559661B (en) 2012-12-19 2013-10-31 Power supply device
DE102013223457.0A DE102013223457A1 (en) 2012-12-19 2013-11-18 power supply apparatus
KR1020130139881A KR101580721B1 (en) 2012-12-19 2013-11-18 Power supply device
CN201310594116.8A CN103888000B (en) 2012-12-19 2013-11-21 Power supply device

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JP6089677B2 true JP6089677B2 (en) 2017-03-08

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KR (1) KR101580721B1 (en)
CN (1) CN103888000B (en)
DE (1) DE102013223457A1 (en)
TW (1) TWI559661B (en)

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