JP6082338B2 - Decontamination device and decontamination method for contaminated water area - Google Patents

Decontamination device and decontamination method for contaminated water area Download PDF

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JP6082338B2
JP6082338B2 JP2013226983A JP2013226983A JP6082338B2 JP 6082338 B2 JP6082338 B2 JP 6082338B2 JP 2013226983 A JP2013226983 A JP 2013226983A JP 2013226983 A JP2013226983 A JP 2013226983A JP 6082338 B2 JP6082338 B2 JP 6082338B2
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water
decontamination
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contaminated water
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JP2015087303A (en
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出水 丈志
丈志 出水
貴志 佐久間
貴志 佐久間
小松 誠
誠 小松
菊地 香織
香織 菊地
祐二 石山
祐二 石山
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Ebara Corp
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本発明は、放射性物質で汚染された水域の除染装置及び方法に関し、港湾・湖沼などの汚染水域から放射性物質を除去する除染装置及び方法に関する。   The present invention relates to a decontamination apparatus and method for water areas contaminated with radioactive substances, and to a decontamination apparatus and method for removing radioactive substances from contaminated water areas such as harbors and lakes.

福島第一原子力発電所周辺の港湾や、汚染地域の除染作業により水域へ流出した放射性物質の除染が求められている。水中からの放射性物質の除去には、各種吸着材が有効であり、粉末状吸着材は比表面積が大きく、粒状吸着材よりも吸着性能が高いことが知られている。粒状吸着材はカラムに充填して、放射性物質を含む液体をカラムに通水して粒状吸着材に吸着させ、吸着後の粒状吸着材はカラム毎取り出して、二次廃棄物として処理されている。粉末状吸着材は、凝集沈殿槽に添加して、放射性物質を吸着させた後、凝集沈殿させる態様で用いられている。しかし、粉末状吸着材は取り扱いが困難であり、特に回収が困難であるため、放射性物質を吸着した後の吸着材が拡散してしまい、水域に流出した放射性物質の除染に適していない。特に、海、湖沼などの天然の閉鎖性水域、港湾内の水域などに流出した放射性物質の除染には、吸着材の設置及び回収が困難であり、実用化されていない。   Decontamination of radioactive materials that have flowed into the water area due to decontamination work in the vicinity of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station and contaminated areas is required. Various adsorbents are effective for removing radioactive substances from the water, and it is known that powdered adsorbents have a large specific surface area and higher adsorption performance than granular adsorbents. The granular adsorbent is packed in a column, and a liquid containing a radioactive substance is passed through the column to be adsorbed by the granular adsorbent. The adsorbed granular adsorbent is taken out for each column and processed as secondary waste. . The powder-like adsorbent is used in such a manner that it is added to a coagulation sedimentation tank to adsorb a radioactive substance and then coagulate and settle. However, since the powdery adsorbent is difficult to handle and particularly difficult to recover, the adsorbent after adsorbing the radioactive substance diffuses and is not suitable for decontamination of the radioactive substance flowing into the water area. In particular, it is difficult to install and recover adsorbents for decontamination of radioactive substances that have flowed into natural closed water areas such as seas and lakes, and water areas in harbors, and have not been put to practical use.

水域における放射性物質の除染装置及び方法を提供することを目的とする。   An object of the present invention is to provide a decontamination apparatus and method for radioactive materials in water.

本発明は、粉末又は粒状吸着材の取り扱い及び二次廃棄物の処理を容易にし、水域に直接適用することができる、水中の放射性物質を除染する装置及び方法を提供する。
本発明の実施態様は以下の通りである。
[1]放射性物質を含む汚染水を導入する導入部、除染処理後の処理水を排出する排出部、及び密閉可能な開閉部が設けられている閉鎖容器と、
当該閉鎖容器内に取り外し可能に収納されている通水性容器と、
当該通水性容器内に充填され、当該通水性容器の孔径よりも大きな寸法を有する粉末状又は粒状吸着材と、
を具備する、放射性物質汚染水の除染装置。
[2]前記粉末状又は粒状吸着材は、有機性バインダを加えて、粒径0.3mm以上の球形もしくは顆粒状に成形加工されたものである、[1]に記載の除染装置。
[3]前記通水性容器は、孔径0.2mm以下のメッシュ素材からなる袋である、[1]又は[2]に記載の除染装置。
[4]前記袋を複数個連結させてなる玉暖簾形状であり、前記閉鎖容器の開閉部に着脱自在に取り付けられる、[3]に記載の除染装置。
[5]前記閉鎖容器内に着脱可能であり、前記通水性容器を収容する通水性治具をさらに具備する、[1]〜[4]のいずれか1に記載の除染装置。
[6]前記閉鎖容器の排出部に、汚染水を排水する集水装置を設け、前記閉鎖容器内の汚染水を前記導入部から前記排出部に向けて通水させる、[1]〜[5]のいずれか1に記載の除染装置。
[7]フロートに連結されており、放射性物質汚染水を汲み上げる水中ポンプをさらに具備する、[1]〜[6]のいずれか1に記載の除染装置。
[8]前記閉鎖容器をフロートに連結する取り付け具を具備し、前記閉鎖容器の一部又は全部を水中に浸漬させて用いる、[1]〜[7]のいずれか1に記載の除染装置。
[9][1]〜[8]のいずれか1に記載の除染装置を水中に浸漬させて、前記導入部か
ら放射性物質汚染水を導入し、前記吸着材に放射性物質を吸着させて、放射性物質が除去された処理水を前記排出部から排出する、放射性物質汚染水の除染方法。
[10][1]〜[7]のいずれか1に記載の除染装置を、放射性物質汚染水を含む水域に隣接する陸上に設置し、前記導入部から放射性物質汚染水を導入し、前記吸着材に放射性物質を吸着させて、放射性物質が除去された処理水を前記排出部から排出する、放射性物質汚染水の除染方法。
[11]前記吸着材の破過時間を予備試験により求めておき、当該破過時間が経過する前に、前記通水性容器ごと交換する、[9]又は[10]に記載の除染方法。
[12][6]又は[7]に記載の除染装置を用い、前記導入部から放射性物質汚染水を導入し、集水装置又は水中ポンプを間欠的に作動させて通水性容器内で吸着材を流動させ、吸着材に放射性物質を吸着させて、放射性物質が除去された処理水を前記排出部から排出する、放射性物質汚染水の除染方法。
The present invention provides an apparatus and method for decontaminating radioactive materials in water that facilitates the handling of powder or particulate adsorbents and the treatment of secondary waste and can be applied directly to water areas.
Embodiments of the present invention are as follows.
[1] An introduction part for introducing contaminated water containing radioactive substances, a discharge part for discharging treated water after decontamination treatment, and a closed container provided with a sealable opening / closing part,
A water-permeable container detachably housed in the closed container;
Powdered or granular adsorbent filled in the water-permeable container and having a size larger than the pore diameter of the water-permeable container;
A decontamination device for radioactive material contaminated water.
[2] The decontamination apparatus according to [1], wherein the powdery or granular adsorbent is formed into a spherical or granular shape having a particle diameter of 0.3 mm or more by adding an organic binder.
[3] The decontamination apparatus according to [1] or [2], wherein the water-permeable container is a bag made of a mesh material having a pore diameter of 0.2 mm or less.
[4] The decontamination apparatus according to [3], wherein the decontamination apparatus has a ball warming shape formed by connecting a plurality of the bags and is detachably attached to the opening / closing part of the closed container.
[5] The decontamination apparatus according to any one of [1] to [4], further including a water-permeable jig that is detachable from the closed container and accommodates the water-permeable container.
[6] A water collecting device for draining contaminated water is provided in the discharge part of the closed container, and the contaminated water in the closed container is allowed to flow from the introduction part toward the discharge part. [1] to [5] ] The decontamination apparatus of any one of.
[7] The decontamination apparatus according to any one of [1] to [6], further including a submersible pump connected to the float and pumping up radioactive material contaminated water.
[8] The decontamination apparatus according to any one of [1] to [7], comprising an attachment for connecting the closed container to a float, and using a part or all of the closed container immersed in water. .
[9] The decontamination apparatus according to any one of [1] to [8] is immersed in water, radioactive substance-contaminated water is introduced from the introduction part, and the radioactive substance is adsorbed on the adsorbent, A method for decontaminating radioactive material-contaminated water, wherein treated water from which radioactive material has been removed is discharged from the discharge section.
[10] The decontamination apparatus according to any one of [1] to [7] is installed on land adjacent to a water area containing radioactive substance-contaminated water, and the radioactive substance-contaminated water is introduced from the introduction part, A decontamination method for radioactive substance-contaminated water, wherein a radioactive substance is adsorbed on an adsorbent, and treated water from which the radioactive substance has been removed is discharged from the discharge part.
[11] The decontamination method according to [9] or [10], wherein the breakthrough time of the adsorbent is obtained by a preliminary test, and the water-permeable container is replaced before the breakthrough time elapses.
[12] Using the decontamination apparatus according to [6] or [7], introducing radioactive substance-contaminated water from the introduction section, and intermittently operating the water collection apparatus or submersible pump to adsorb in the water-permeable container A method for decontaminating radioactive material contaminated water, wherein a material is flowed, a radioactive substance is adsorbed on an adsorbent, and treated water from which the radioactive substance has been removed is discharged from the discharge part.

本発明によれば、取り外し可能な通水性容器に、粉末状又は粒状吸着材を流動可能に充填しているため、海、湖沼など自然の水域や港湾内の水域に直接適用して、流出した放射性物質を吸着除去した後、通水性容器ごと二次廃棄物処理することができる。   According to the present invention, a removable water-permeable container is filled with a powdered or granular adsorbent so as to be flowable, and thus applied directly to natural water areas such as seas and lakes, and water areas in harbors, and spilled. After the radioactive substance is adsorbed and removed, the secondary waste can be treated together with the water-permeable container.

水中に浸漬させた本発明の除染装置の一実施形態を示す。1 shows an embodiment of the decontamination apparatus of the present invention immersed in water. 陸上に設置した本発明の除染装置の一実施形態を示す。1 shows an embodiment of the decontamination apparatus of the present invention installed on land. 通水性容器内に通水性治具と、通性治具内に収容した吸着材とを示す部分拡大図である。It is the elements on larger scale which show a water-permeable jig in a water-permeable container, and the adsorbent accommodated in the water-permeable jig.

以下、添付図面を参照しながら本発明を詳細に説明するが、本発明はこれらに限定されるものではない。
図1は、水中に浸漬させる本発明の一実施形態を示す概略説明図である。
Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, but the present invention is not limited thereto.
FIG. 1 is a schematic explanatory view showing an embodiment of the present invention immersed in water.

本発明の除染装置は、放射性物質を含む汚染水を導入する導入部11、除染処理後の処理水を排出する排出部12、及び密閉可能な開閉部13が設けられている閉鎖容器10と、閉鎖容器10内に取り外し可能に収納されている通水性容器20と、通水性容器20内に充填され、通水性容器の孔径よりも大きな寸法を有する粉末状又は粒状吸着材25と、を具備する。また、図3に拡大して示すように、通性性容器20を収容し、閉鎖容器10内に着脱可能な通水性治具26を具備することが好ましい。   The decontamination apparatus of the present invention is a closed container 10 provided with an introduction part 11 for introducing contaminated water containing a radioactive substance, a discharge part 12 for discharging treated water after decontamination treatment, and a sealable opening / closing part 13. A water-permeable container 20 removably accommodated in the closed container 10, and a powdery or granular adsorbent 25 filled in the water-permeable container 20 and having a size larger than the pore diameter of the water-permeable container. It has. In addition, as shown in an enlarged view in FIG. 3, it is preferable that the permeable container 20 is accommodated and a water permeable jig 26 that is detachable in the closed container 10 is provided.

閉鎖容器10の排出部に、汚染水を排水する集水装置30を設け、閉鎖容器10内の汚染水を導入部11から排出部12に向けて通水させる構成とすることが好ましい。排出部12から直接排水してもよいが、排水用ホース14を連結してもよい。   It is preferable that a water collecting device 30 for draining the contaminated water is provided in the discharge part of the closed container 10 so that the contaminated water in the closed container 10 is passed from the introduction part 11 toward the discharge part 12. Although drainage may be performed directly from the discharge unit 12, a drainage hose 14 may be connected.

除染装置は、放射性物質汚染水を汲み上げる水中ポンプ40をさらに具備する。水中ポンプ40は存在位置を確認できるように、さらには水中に浮くようにフロート41に連結されており、水中ポンプ40と閉鎖容器10の導入部11とをホース42などの配管で連結する。このようにすることで、水中ポンプを広範囲に移動できて好ましい。このほか、図示しない陸上用のポンプを用いてもよく、この場合は水面上に図示しない船体を浮かべ、船体にポンプを設置する。ポンプの吸い込み側にホースや鋼管などの配管を接続して汚染水をくみ上げて閉鎖容器10に導入してもよい。   The decontamination apparatus further includes a submersible pump 40 that pumps up radioactive material contaminated water. The submersible pump 40 is connected to the float 41 so as to float in the water so that the position of the submersible pump 40 can be confirmed. The submersible pump 40 and the introduction part 11 of the closed container 10 are connected by a pipe such as a hose 42. This is preferable because the submersible pump can be moved over a wide range. In addition, a land pump (not shown) may be used. In this case, a hull (not shown) is floated on the water surface, and the pump is installed on the hull. A pipe such as a hose or a steel pipe may be connected to the suction side of the pump to draw up contaminated water and introduce it into the closed container 10.

閉鎖容器10の素材は特に限定するものではないが、放射能遮蔽性の素材であることが好ましい。水中に浸漬して用いる場合には、周囲の水が放射能遮蔽壁として作用するため
、閉鎖容器10の放射能遮蔽性は低くてもよく、樹脂製であってもよい。陸上に設置する場合には、鉛やコンクリート、あるいは鉄鋼、アルニウムなどの放射能遮蔽壁として知られている物質を用いることができる。
The material of the closed container 10 is not particularly limited, but is preferably a radiation shielding material. When used by immersing in water, since the surrounding water acts as a radiation shielding wall, the radiation shielding property of the closed container 10 may be low or may be made of resin. For installation on land, materials known as radioactive shielding walls such as lead, concrete, steel, and aluminum can be used.

閉鎖容器10は、閉鎖容器10をフロート15に連結する取り付け具16を具備する。フロート15はフロート41と同様の目的で取り付けられる。フロート15に連結された閉鎖容器10の一部又は全部を水中に浸漬させて用いることができる。フロート15に連結する場合、閉鎖容器10は樹脂製など軽量として、汚染域への移動を可能とすることが好ましい。また、所定位置に設置して稼働している間に波にさらわれないように、閉鎖容器10を固定するアンカーを具備していてもよい。   The closed container 10 includes an attachment 16 that connects the closed container 10 to the float 15. The float 15 is attached for the same purpose as the float 41. A part or all of the closed container 10 connected to the float 15 can be used by being immersed in water. When connecting to the float 15, it is preferable that the closed container 10 is made of light weight such as resin and can be moved to a contaminated area. Moreover, the anchor which fixes the closed container 10 may be provided so that it may not be exposed to a wave while installing and operating in a predetermined position.

通水性治具26は、閉鎖容器10内で集水装置30の下方に位置づけられる。通水性治具26は、閉鎖容器10の立体形状に符合する円筒形や直方体であればよく、その全体が通水性容器20よりも通水抵抗の少ない金属製又は樹脂製のメッシュで囲まれた籠や網などが好適である。通水性治具26を閉鎖容器10の開閉部13に着脱自在に取り付けるための吊環21が通水性治具26の上面に設けられている。通水性治具26内に通水性容器20を収納すると、通水性容器20の交換に要する時間を短縮することができる。   The water-permeable jig 26 is positioned below the water collecting device 30 in the closed container 10. The water-permeable jig 26 may be a cylindrical shape or a rectangular parallelepiped that conforms to the three-dimensional shape of the closed container 10, and the whole is surrounded by a metal or resin mesh that has less water resistance than the water-permeable container 20. A bag or net is suitable. A hanging ring 21 for detachably attaching the water-permeable jig 26 to the opening / closing part 13 of the closed container 10 is provided on the upper surface of the water-permeable jig 26. When the water-permeable container 20 is housed in the water-permeable jig 26, the time required to replace the water-permeable container 20 can be shortened.

通水性容器20は、孔径0.2mm以下のメッシュ素材からなる袋であることが好ましい。メッシュ素材は、ナイロン、ポリエチレン製不織布などを用いることができる。袋の形状は特に限定されるものではないが、汚染水の流通を阻害せず、袋内の吸着材が流動して汚染水と効率よく接触できるように、平袋、円筒状、円錐形状、角錐形状、角柱形状などが好ましい。吸着材25と汚染水中の放射性物質との接触を良好にするために、小さな袋状として、通水性容器10又は通水性治具26内に複数個を収容させることが好ましい。また、当該袋を複数個連結させてなる玉暖簾形状として、閉鎖容器10の開閉部11または通水性治具26に吊り下げると、汚染水の流れを阻害することがないのでより好ましい。   The water permeable container 20 is preferably a bag made of a mesh material having a pore diameter of 0.2 mm or less. As the mesh material, nylon, polyethylene nonwoven fabric, or the like can be used. Although the shape of the bag is not particularly limited, a flat bag, a cylindrical shape, a conical shape, so that the adsorbent in the bag can flow and contact the contaminated water efficiently without impeding the flow of contaminated water. A pyramid shape, a prism shape or the like is preferable. In order to improve the contact between the adsorbent 25 and the radioactive material in the contaminated water, it is preferable to accommodate a plurality of the absorbent material 10 in the water-permeable container 10 or the water-permeable jig 26 as a small bag. Moreover, it is more preferable to suspend the bag on the opening / closing part 11 or the water-permeable jig 26 of the closed container 10 so as to prevent the flow of contaminated water from being formed as a ball warming bowl formed by connecting a plurality of the bags.

通水性容器20内に充填する吸着材25は、通水性容器20から流出することがないように、有機性バインダを加えて、粒径0.3mm以上の球形に成形加工されたものであることが好ましい。有機性バインダの量が多すぎたり、粒径が大きすぎたりすると、水中に含まれる放射性物質との接触面積が減少するため、粒径は2mm以下、好ましくは1mm以下とすることが望ましい。有機性バインダとしては、水中で溶解しないもの、あるいは溶解しても水域生物に影響しないものであることが好ましく、例えば、アルギン酸をなどのポリマーを好ましく用いることができる。ポリマーを添加して混合し、加熱処理をして成型加工することが好ましい。顆粒状に成型加工した吸着材25も用いることができる。吸着材25をセルロース紙に漉き込んでもよい。具体的には紙を作る方法を利用し、パルプスラリーに粉末状吸着剤を分散させ、セルロースを漉き取ったあとに乾燥させることで、吸着剤を含んだ紙状の吸着シートとしてから粒状に加工して通水性容器20に充填することができる。その他、これら成型や加工した薬剤をさらに篩分して上述の粒径に調整してから通水性容器20に充填してもよい。   The adsorbent 25 filled in the water-permeable container 20 is formed into a spherical shape having a particle diameter of 0.3 mm or more by adding an organic binder so that it does not flow out of the water-permeable container 20. Is preferred. If the amount of the organic binder is too large or the particle size is too large, the contact area with the radioactive material contained in the water is decreased. Therefore, the particle size is desirably 2 mm or less, preferably 1 mm or less. The organic binder is preferably one that does not dissolve in water, or one that does not affect aquatic organisms even if dissolved, for example, a polymer such as alginic acid can be preferably used. It is preferable that the polymer is added and mixed, and then subjected to heat treatment for molding. An adsorbent 25 molded into a granule can also be used. The adsorbent 25 may be rubbed into cellulose paper. Specifically, using a method of making paper, disperse the powdered adsorbent in the pulp slurry, scrape the cellulose, and then dry it to make a paper-like adsorbent sheet containing the adsorbent and then process it into granules Thus, the water-permeable container 20 can be filled. In addition, the water-permeable container 20 may be filled after further sieving these molded and processed chemicals to adjust the particle diameter to the above-mentioned particle size.

吸着材25は、通水性容器20内で流動可能となるように充填される。充填量は、通水性容器20の容積の80%以下、20〜60%程度とすることが好ましい。
吸着材25としては、放射性ストロンチウム及び放射性セシウムを吸着できる物質を用いる。放射性ストロンチウムを吸着可能な物質としては、A型ゼオライト、チタノシリケート(CST型NaTiSiO・xHO)、マンガン酸系吸着剤、チタン酸系吸着剤、などを好ましく用いることができる。放射性セシウムを吸着可能な物質としては、モルデナイトやチャバサイト、チタノシリケート(CST型NaTiSiO・xHO)、プルシアンブルー、などを好ましく用いることができる。
The adsorbent 25 is filled so that it can flow in the water-permeable container 20. The filling amount is preferably 80% or less of the volume of the water-permeable container 20 and about 20 to 60%.
As the adsorbent 25, a substance capable of adsorbing radioactive strontium and radioactive cesium is used. As the substance capable of adsorbing radioactive strontium, A type zeolite, titanosilicate (CST type NaTi 2 SiO 7 .xH 2 O), manganic acid type adsorbent, titanic acid type adsorbent, and the like can be preferably used. As a substance capable of adsorbing radioactive cesium, mordenite, chabazite, titanosilicate (CST type NaTi 2 SiO 7 .xH 2 O), Prussian blue, or the like can be preferably used.

集水装置30は、導入部11から導入された汚染水が、通水性容器20内の吸着材25と十分に接触して、排出部12から排出されるように、排出部12に連結されている。集水装置30は、閉鎖容器10内に汚染水の流れを形成させ、さらには吸着剤の流出を防止するものを用いる。ジョンソンスクリーン社のステンレス製集水エレメントや、イーエスウオーターネット社の樹脂製フィルタエレメントなどが好適である。   The water collecting device 30 is connected to the discharge unit 12 so that the contaminated water introduced from the introduction unit 11 comes into sufficient contact with the adsorbent 25 in the water-permeable container 20 and is discharged from the discharge unit 12. Yes. The water collecting device 30 uses a device that forms a flow of contaminated water in the closed container 10 and further prevents the adsorbent from flowing out. A stainless steel water collecting element manufactured by Johnson Screen and a resin filter element manufactured by ES Waternet are suitable.

図示した形態において、放射線汚染水は閉鎖容器10の底部又は下部から導入して上向流として流すようにしており、通水性容器20を流れによって浮遊させ閉鎖容器10内の通水抵抗を下げるとともに、吸着剤25との接触効率もよくなり好ましい。上部から導入して下向流として流してもよい。あるいは、閉鎖容器10の対向する側壁面に導入部と排出部とを設けてもよく、また、横方向に流してもよい。   In the illustrated form, radiation-contaminated water is introduced from the bottom or lower part of the closed container 10 and flows as an upward flow, and the water-permeable container 20 is floated by the flow to lower the water flow resistance in the closed container 10. The contact efficiency with the adsorbent 25 is improved, which is preferable. You may introduce | transduce from upper part and may flow as a downward flow. Or you may provide an introducing | transducing part and a discharge part in the side wall surface which the closed container 10 opposes, and you may flow in a horizontal direction.

図2は、放射性物質汚染水を含む水域に隣接する陸上に、本発明の除染装置を設けた実施形態を示す概略説明図である。
除染装置の構成そのものは図1に示す構成と同様であるが、陸上に固定するための基礎となる土台10aの上に閉鎖容器10が設置されている。また、水中ポンプ40の漂流を防止するため流れ止めロープを用いて水中ポンプ40を岸壁に固定する。
FIG. 2 is a schematic explanatory view showing an embodiment in which the decontamination apparatus of the present invention is provided on land adjacent to a water area containing radioactive material contaminated water.
The configuration of the decontamination apparatus itself is the same as the configuration shown in FIG. 1, but a closed container 10 is installed on a base 10a that is a basis for fixing to the land. Moreover, in order to prevent the submersible pump 40 from drifting, the submersible pump 40 is fixed to the quay using a flow stop rope.

次に、本発明の除染装置を用いた除染方法を説明する。
図1に示す水中浸漬の場合、除染装置を水中に浸漬させて、水中ポンプ40によって汚染水を汲み上げて、ホース42を経由して、閉鎖容器10の導入部11から放射性物質汚染水を導入し、集水装置30を設けた排出部12に向かって流し、通水性容器20内の吸着材に放射性物質を吸着させて、放射性物質が除去された処理水を排出部12から排出する。
Next, a decontamination method using the decontamination apparatus of the present invention will be described.
In the case of immersion in water shown in FIG. 1, the decontamination apparatus is immersed in water, the contaminated water is pumped up by the submersible pump 40, and radioactive substance contaminated water is introduced from the introduction part 11 of the closed container 10 through the hose 42. Then, it flows toward the discharge part 12 provided with the water collecting device 30, the radioactive substance is adsorbed by the adsorbent in the water-permeable container 20, and the treated water from which the radioactive substance has been removed is discharged from the discharge part 12.

図2に示す陸上設置の場合、汚染水域に浸漬させた水中ポンプ40によって汚染水を汲み上げて、ホース42を経由して、陸上にある閉鎖容器10の導入部11から放射性物質汚染水を導入し、集水装置30を設けた排出部12に向かって流し、通水性容器20内の吸着材に放射性物質を吸着させて、放射性物質が除去された処理水を排出部12に連結されている排水ホース14を経由して水域に戻す。   In the case of land installation shown in FIG. 2, the contaminated water is pumped up by the submersible pump 40 immersed in the contaminated water area, and the radioactive substance contaminated water is introduced from the introduction part 11 of the closed container 10 on the land via the hose 42. The waste water that flows toward the discharge part 12 provided with the water collecting device 30, adsorbs the radioactive substance to the adsorbent in the water-permeable container 20 and connects the treated water from which the radioactive substance has been removed to the discharge part 12. Return to water through hose 14.

いずれの態様においても、所定の通水条件とした予備試験により吸着材の破過時間を求めておき、破過時間が経過する前に、通水性容器20を閉鎖容器10から取り外し、新しい吸着材が充填されている新しい通水性容器20又は通水性治具26と交換する。放射性物質を吸着した後の吸着材25は通水性容器20又は通水性治具26に収納したまま、あるいはこれらから取り出して放射線二次廃棄物として処理する。   In any embodiment, the breakthrough time of the adsorbent is obtained by a preliminary test with a predetermined water flow condition, and before the breakthrough time elapses, the water-permeable container 20 is removed from the closed container 10 and a new adsorbent is obtained. Is replaced with a new water-permeable container 20 or a water-permeable jig 26 filled with water. The adsorbent 25 after adsorbing the radioactive substance is stored in the water-permeable container 20 or the water-permeable jig 26, or is taken out from these and treated as secondary radioactive waste.

なお、汚染可能性のある水域を人工的に遮蔽してから、本発明の除染装置で除染作業を実施することで、放射性物質の拡散を抑制しつつ除染効率を高めることができる。   It should be noted that the decontamination efficiency can be increased while suppressing the diffusion of radioactive substances by artificially shielding the water area that may be contaminated and then performing the decontamination work with the decontamination apparatus of the present invention.

以下、実施例により本発明を説明する。
放射性汚染水模擬原水として、Ca約400ppm、Mg約1300ppm、Sr約6ppm及びCs約1ppmを含む3%NaCl濃度の人工海水を調製した。
Hereinafter, the present invention will be described by way of examples.
Artificial seawater having a concentration of 3% NaCl containing about 400 ppm of Ca, about 1300 ppm of Mg, about 6 ppm of Sr and about 1 ppm of Cs was prepared as a radioactive raw water simulated raw water.

吸着材として、粒径数μm〜20μmの粉末状チタノシリケート(CST型NaTiSiO・xHO)を用い、下記3種類の試料を調製した。
(1)粉末状のまま
(2)粉末をそのまま公称5μm径のナイロンメッシュ袋に充填したもの
(3)有機性バインダとしてアルギン酸を用いて、粒径0.3〜0.5mmの粒状に加工したもの
放射性汚染水模擬原水500mlに、(1)〜(3)の吸着材500mgをそれぞれ投入し、24時間浸漬させた後のストロンチウムの除去率を求めた。結果を表1に示す。
As the adsorbent, powdered titanosilicate (CST type NaTi 2 SiO 7 .xH 2 O) having a particle size of several μm to 20 μm was used, and the following three types of samples were prepared.
(1) As it is in powder form (2) As it is, the powder is filled in a nylon mesh bag with a nominal diameter of 5 μm (3) Using alginic acid as an organic binder, it is processed into granules with a particle size of 0.3 to 0.5 mm Things 500 mg of radioactive contaminated water simulated raw water was charged with 500 mg of the adsorbents (1) to (3), and the removal rate of strontium after being immersed for 24 hours was determined. The results are shown in Table 1.

ストロンチウムの分析は、IPC−MS(誘導結合プラズマ質量分析計)を用いて行った。   The analysis of strontium was performed using IPC-MS (inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer).

吸着材を粉末そのままで用いる場合と比較して、メッシュ袋に充填あるいは粒状に加工することでストロンチウムの除去率は低下するが、本発明の除染装置を用いることで吸着材の取り扱い及び交換が容易となるため、海、湖沼など自然の水域や港湾内の水域に直接適用して、流出した放射性物質を吸着除去した後、通水性容器又は通水性治具ごと、あるいはこれらから吸着材を取り出して、二次廃棄物処理することができ、実用的な除染方法といえる。   Compared with the case where the adsorbent is used as it is, the removal rate of strontium is reduced by filling the mesh bag or processing it into granules, but the adsorbent can be handled and replaced by using the decontamination apparatus of the present invention. To facilitate, apply directly to natural waters such as seas, lakes and marshes and waters in harbors, adsorb and remove spilled radioactive materials, and then remove the adsorbent from each water-permeable container or water-permeable jig, or from these. Therefore, it can be treated as a secondary waste and can be said to be a practical decontamination method.

Claims (10)

放射性物質を含む汚染水を導入する導入部、除染処理後の処理水を排出する排出部、及び密閉可能な開閉部が設けられている閉鎖容器と、
当該閉鎖容器内に取り外し可能に収納されている通水性容器と、
当該通水性容器内に充填され、当該通水性容器の孔径よりも大きな寸法を有する粉末状又は粒状吸着材と、
を具備し、
当該通水性容器は、孔径0.2mm以下のメッシュ素材からなる袋を複数個連結させてなる玉暖簾形状であり、前記閉鎖容器の開閉部に着脱自在に取り付けられる、
放射性物質汚染水の除染装置。
A closed container provided with an introduction part for introducing contaminated water containing radioactive substances, a discharge part for discharging treated water after decontamination treatment, and a sealable opening and closing part;
A water-permeable container detachably housed in the closed container;
Powdered or granular adsorbent filled in the water-permeable container and having a size larger than the pore diameter of the water-permeable container;
Equipped with,
The water-permeable container is a ball warming bowl shape formed by connecting a plurality of bags made of mesh material having a pore diameter of 0.2 mm or less, and is detachably attached to the opening / closing part of the closed container.
Decontamination equipment for radioactive material contaminated water.
放射性物質を含む汚染水を導入する導入部、除染処理後の処理水を排出する排出部、及び密閉可能な開閉部が設けられている閉鎖容器と、
当該閉鎖容器内に取り外し可能に収納されている通水性容器と、
当該通水性容器内に充填され、当該通水性容器の孔径よりも大きな寸法を有する粉末状又は粒状吸着材と、
を具備し、
当該閉鎖容器内に着脱可能であり、当該通水性容器を収容する通水性治具をさらに具備する、放射性物質汚染水の除染装置。
A closed container provided with an introduction part for introducing contaminated water containing radioactive substances, a discharge part for discharging treated water after decontamination treatment, and a sealable opening and closing part;
A water-permeable container detachably housed in the closed container;
Powdered or granular adsorbent filled in the water-permeable container and having a size larger than the pore diameter of the water-permeable container;
Comprising
A decontamination apparatus for radioactive substance contaminated water , further comprising a water-permeable jig that is detachable from the closed container and accommodates the water-permeable container.
放射性物質を含む汚染水を導入する導入部、除染処理後の処理水を排出する排出部、及び密閉可能な開閉部が設けられている閉鎖容器と、
当該閉鎖容器内に取り外し可能に収納されている通水性容器と、
当該通水性容器内に充填され、当該通水性容器の孔径よりも大きな寸法を有する粉末状又は粒状吸着材と、
を具備し、
当該閉鎖容器の排出部に、汚染水を排水する集水装置を設け、当該閉鎖容器内の汚染水を
前記導入部から前記排出部に向けて通水させる、放射性物質汚染水の除染装置。
A closed container provided with an introduction part for introducing contaminated water containing radioactive substances, a discharge part for discharging treated water after decontamination treatment, and a sealable opening and closing part;
A water-permeable container detachably housed in the closed container;
Powdered or granular adsorbent filled in the water-permeable container and having a size larger than the pore diameter of the water-permeable container;
Comprising
An apparatus for decontaminating radioactive material contaminated water , wherein a water collecting device for draining contaminated water is provided at a discharge portion of the closed container, and the contaminated water in the closed container is passed from the introduction portion toward the discharge portion.
前記粉末状又は粒状吸着材は、有機性バインダを加えて、粒径0.3mm以上の球形もしくは顆粒状に成形加工されたものである、請求項1〜3のいずれか1に記載の除染装置。 The decontamination according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the powdery or granular adsorbent is formed into a spherical or granular shape having a particle size of 0.3 mm or more by adding an organic binder. apparatus. フロートに連結されており、放射性物質汚染水を汲み上げる水中ポンプをさらに具備する、請求項1〜のいずれか1に記載の除染装置。 The decontamination apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 4 , further comprising a submersible pump connected to the float and pumping up radioactive substance contaminated water. 前記閉鎖容器をフロートに連結する取り付け具を具備し、前記閉鎖容器の一部又は全部を水中に浸漬させて用いる、請求項1〜のいずれか1に記載の除染装置。 The decontamination apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 5 , further comprising an attachment for connecting the closed container to a float, wherein a part or all of the closed container is immersed in water. 請求項1〜のいずれか1に記載の除染装置を水中に浸漬させて、前記導入部から放射性物質汚染水を導入し、前記吸着材に放射性物質を吸着させて、放射性物質が除去された処理水を前記排出部から排出する、放射性物質汚染水の除染方法。 The decontamination apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 6 is immersed in water, radioactive substance-contaminated water is introduced from the introduction part, and the radioactive substance is adsorbed on the adsorbent, thereby removing the radioactive substance. A method for decontaminating radioactive material contaminated water, wherein the treated water is discharged from the discharge section. 請求項1〜のいずれか1に記載の除染装置を、放射性物質汚染水を含む水域に隣接する陸上に設置し、前記導入部から放射性物質汚染水を導入し、前記吸着材に放射性物質を吸着させて、放射性物質が除去された処理水を前記排出部から排出する、放射性物質汚染水の除染方法。 The decontamination apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 6 is installed on land adjacent to a water area containing radioactive substance-contaminated water, radioactive substance-contaminated water is introduced from the introduction part, and the radioactive substance is introduced into the adsorbent. A method for decontaminating radioactive material-contaminated water, wherein the treated water from which the radioactive material has been removed is discharged from the discharge part. 前記吸着材の破過時間を予備試験により求めておき、当該破過時間が経過する前に、前記通水性容器ごと交換する、請求項7又は8に記載の除染方法。 The decontamination method according to claim 7 or 8 , wherein the breakthrough time of the adsorbent is obtained by a preliminary test, and the water-permeable container is replaced before the breakthrough time elapses. 請求項3又は5に記載の除染装置を用い、前記導入部から放射性物質汚染水を導入し、集水装置又は水中ポンプを間欠的に作動させて通水性容器内で吸着材を流動させ、吸着材に放射性物質を吸着させて、放射性物質が除去された処理水を前記排出部から排出する、放射性物質汚染水の除染方法。 Using the decontamination device according to claim 3 or 5 , the radioactive material contaminated water is introduced from the introduction unit, the water collecting device or the submersible pump is operated intermittently to cause the adsorbent to flow in the water-permeable container, A decontamination method for radioactive substance-contaminated water, wherein a radioactive substance is adsorbed on an adsorbent, and treated water from which the radioactive substance has been removed is discharged from the discharge part.
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